A SITE MAP (or SITEMAP) is a list of pages of a web site accessible
to crawlers or users. It can be either a document in any form used as
a planning tool for
Web design , or a
Web page that lists the pages on
a website , typically organized in hierarchical fashion.
Sitemaps make relationships between pages and other content
components. It shows shape of information space in overview. Sitemaps
can demonstrate organization, navigation, and labeling system.
* 1 Types of site maps
* 2.1 Benefits of
XML sitemaps to search-optimize Flash sites
* 3 See also
* 4 References
* 5 External links
TYPES OF SITE MAPS
A site map of what links from the English 's Main
Page. Sitemap of
There are two popular versions of a site map. An
XML Sitemap is a
structured format that a user doesn't need to see, but it tells the
search engine about the pages in a site, their relative importance to
each other, and how often they are updated.
HTML sitemaps are designed
for the user to help them find content on the page, and don't need to
include each and every subpage. This helps visitors and search engine
bots find pages on the site. You cannot submit an
HTML sitemap in
Google Webmaster Tools as it is not a supported sitemap format.
While some developers argue that SITE INDEX is a more appropriately
used term to relay page function, web visitors are used to seeing each
term and generally associate both as one and the same. However, a site
index is often used to mean an A–Z index that provides
alphabetically-organized access to particular content, while a site
map provides a general top-down view of the overall site contents
organized with a classification system.
XML is a document structure and encoding standard used, amongst many
other things, as the standard for webcrawlers to find and parse
sitemaps. There is an example of an
XML sitemap below (missing link to
site). The instructions to the sitemap are given to the crawler bot by
a Robots Text file , an example of this is also given below. Site maps
can improve search engine optimization of a site by making sure that
all the pages can be found. This is especially important if a site
uses a dynamic access to content such as
menus that do not include
They also act as a navigation aid by providing an overview of a
site's content at a single glance.
Google introduced the
Sitemaps protocol so web developers can publish
lists of links from across their sites. The basic premise is that some
sites have a large number of dynamic pages that are only available
through the use of forms and user entries. The Sitemap files contains
URLs to these pages so that web crawlers can find them. Bing , Google
Yahoo and Ask now jointly support the
Since Bing, Yahoo, Ask, and
Google use the same protocol, having a
Sitemap lets the four biggest search engines have the updated page
Sitemaps do not guarantee all links will be crawled, and
being crawled does not guarantee indexing. However, a Sitemap is still
the best insurance for getting a search engine to learn about your
Google Webmaster Tools allow a website owner to upload a
Google will crawl, or they can accomplish the same thing
with the robots.txt file. On 1st Dec 2016 both Bing and Google
confirmed that they now support xml sitemaps up to 50MB in size while
Sitemaps have replaced the older method of "submitting to search
engines" by filling out a form on the search engine's submission page.
Now web developers submit a Sitemap directly, or wait for search
engines to find it.
XML (Extensible Markup Language) is much more precise than HTML
coding. Errors are not tolerated, and so syntax must be exact. It is
advised to use an
XML syntax validator such as the free one found at:
There are automated
XML site map generators available (both as
software and web applications ) for more complex sites.
More information defining the field operations and other Sitemap
options are defined at http://www.sitemaps.org (Sitemaps.org: Google,
Inc., Yahoo, Inc., and Microsoft Corporation).
XML SITEMAPS TO SEARCH-OPTIMIZE FLASH SITES
Below is an example of a validated
XML sitemap for a simple three
page web site.
Sitemaps are a useful tool for making sites built in
Flash and other non-html languages searchable. If a website's
navigation is built with Flash, an automated search program would
probably only find the initial homepage; subsequent pages are unlikely
to be found without an
XML sitemap example:
http://www.example.net/?id=who 2009-09-22 monthly 0.8
http://www.example.net/?id=what 2009-09-22 monthly 0.5
http://www.example.net/?id=how 2009-09-22 monthly 0.5
Biositemap , a protocol for broadcasting and disseminating
information about computational biology resources (data, software
tools and web-services)
Index (search engine)
Search engine optimization
Sitemaps , an
XML standard for URL inclusion
* ^ Site Map Usability Jakob Nielsen's Alertbox, August 12, 2008
* ^ "Google, Yahoo!, Microsoft Standardize Against
Oreilly . Retrieved 2012-07-24.
* ^ Joint announcement from Google, Yahoo, Bing supporting Sitemaps
* ^ "Submitting Sitemaps".
Google . Retrieved 2012-07-06.
* ^ "Increasing the size limit of
Sitemaps file to address evolving
webmaster needs". Bing . Retrieved 2016-12-01.