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The World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report is an annual publication of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network which contains rankings of national happiness and analysis of the data from various perspectives.[1] The World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report is edited by John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard and Jeffrey Sachs. The 2017 edition added three associate editors; Jan-Emmanuel De Neve,[2] Haifang Huang,[3] and Shun Wang.[4] Authors of chapters include Richard Easterlin, Edward F. Diener, Martine Durand,[5] Nicole Fortin,[6] Jon Hall,[7] Valerie Møller,[8] and many others. In July 2011, the UN General Assembly
UN General Assembly
resolution 65/309 Happiness: Towards a Holistic Definition of Development[9] inviting member countries to measure the happiness of their people and to use the data to help guide public policy. On April 2, 2012, this was followed by the first UN High Level Meeting called Wellbeing and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm,[10] which was chaired by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon
Ban Ki-moon
and Prime Minister Jigme Thinley of Bhutan, a nation that adopted gross national happiness instead of gross domestic product as their main development indicator.[11] The first World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report was released on April 1, 2012 as a foundational text for the UN High Level Meeting: Well-being
Well-being
and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm,[12] drawing international attention.[13] The report outlined the state of world happiness, causes of happiness and misery, and policy implications highlighted by case studies. In 2013, the second World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report was issued, and since then has been issued on an annual basis with the exception of 2014.[14] The report primarily uses data from the Gallup World Poll. Each annual report is available to the public to download on the World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report website.[15] In the reports, experts in fields including economics, psychology, survey analysis, and national statistics, describe how measurements of well-being can be used effectively to assess the progress of nations, and other topics. Each report is organized by chapters that delve deeper into issues relating to happiness, including mental illness, the objective benefits of happiness, the importance of ethics, policy implications, and links with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) approach to measuring subjective well-being and other international and national efforts. As of March 2018, Finland
Finland
was ranked the happiest country in the world.[16][17]

Contents

1 Annual Report Topics

1.1 2018 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report 1.2 2016 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report (Update) 1.3 2015 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report 1.4 2013 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report 1.5 2012 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report

2 International rankings

2.1 2018 report 2.2 2017 report 2.3 2013-2015 averaged ranking

3 Criticism 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Annual Report Topics[edit] World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Reports were issued in 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016 (an update), 2017 and 2018. In addition to ranking countries happiness and well-being levels, each report has contributing authors and most focus on a subject. The data used to rank countries in each report is drawn from the Gallup World
World
Poll,[18] as well as other sources such as the World
World
Values Survey, in some of the reports. The Gallup World
World
Poll questionnaire[19] measures 14 areas within its core questions: (1) business & economic, (2) citizen engagement, (3) communications & technology, (4) diversity (social issues), (5) education & families, (6) emotions (well-being), (7) environment & energy, (8) food & shelter, (9) government and politics, (10) law & order (safety), (11) health, (12) religion and ethics, (13) transportation, and (14) work. 2018 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report[edit] The 2018 reiteration was released on 14 March and focused on the relation between happiness and migration. As per 2018 Happiness Report, Finland
Finland
is the happiest country in the world,[20] with Norway, Denmark, Iceland, and Switzerland
Switzerland
holding the next top positions. The World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report 2018 ranks 156 countries by their happiness levels, and 117 countries by the happiness of their immigrants. The main focus of this year’s report, in addition to its usual ranking of the levels and changes in happiness around the world, is on migration within and between countries. The overall rankings of country happiness are based on the pooled results from Gallup World Poll surveys from 2015-2017, and show both change and stability. Four different countries have held the top spot in the last four reports: Denmark, Switzerland, Norway
Norway
and now Finland. All the top countries tend to have high values for all six of the key variables that have been found to support well-being: income, healthy life expectancy, social support, freedom, trust and generosity. Among the top countries, differences are small enough that that year-to-year changes in the rankings are to be expected. The analysis of happiness changes from 2008-2010 to 2015-2015 shows Togo
Togo
as the biggest gainer, moving up 17 places in the overall rankings from the 2015. The biggest loser is Venezuela, down 2.2 points. Five of the report’s seven chapters deal primarily with migration, as summarized in Chapter 1. For both domestic and international migrants, the report studies the happiness of those migrants and their host communities, and also of those in the countryside or in the country of origin. The results are generally positive. Perhaps the most striking finding of the whole report is that a ranking of countries according to the happiness of their immigrant populations is almost exactly the same as for the rest of the population. The immigrant happiness rankings are based on the full span of Gallup data from 2005 to 2017, sufficient to have 117 countries with more than 100 immigrant respondents. The ten happiest countries in the overall rankings also make up ten of the top eleven spots in the ranking of immigrant happiness. Finland
Finland
is at the top of both rankings in this report, with the happiest immigrants, and the happiest population in general. While convergence to local happiness levels is quite rapid, it is not complete, as there is a ‘footprint’ effect based on the happiness in each source country. This effect ranges from 10% to 25%. This footprint effect explains why immigrant happiness is less than that of the locals in the happiest countries, while being greater in the least happy countries. 2016 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report (Update)[edit]

Descriptions

The 2016 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report -Rome Addition was issued in two parts as an update. Part one had four chapters: (1) Setting the Stage, (2) The Distribution of World
World
Happiness, (3) Promoting Secular Ethics, and (4) Happiness
Happiness
and Sustainable Development: Concepts and Evidence. Part two has six chapters: (1) Inside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox, (2) Human Flourishing, the Common Good, and Catholic Social Teaching, (3) The Challenges of Public Happiness: An Historical-Methodological Reconstruction, (4) The Geography of Parenthood and Well-Being: Do Children Make Us Happy, Where and Why?, and (5) Multidimensional Well-Being in Contemporary Europe: An Analysis of the Use of a Self-Organizing Map Applied to Share Data. Chapter 1, Setting the Stage is written by John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard, and Jeffrey Sachs. This chapter briefly surveys the happiness movement (“Increasingly, happiness is considered to be the proper measure of social progress and the goal of public policy.”) gives an overview of the 2016 reports and synopsis of both parts of the 2016 Update Rome Addition. Chapter 2, The Distribution of World
World
Happiness
Happiness
is written by John F. Helliwell, Hailing Huang, and Shun Wang. This chapter reports happiness levels of countries and proposes the use of inequalities of happiness among individuals as a better measure for inequality than income inequality, and that all people in a population fare better in terms of happiness when there is less inequality in happiness in their region. It includes data from the World Health Organization
World Health Organization
and World Development Indicators, as well as Gallup World
World
Poll. It debunks the notion that people rapidly adapt to changes in life circumstances and quickly return to an initial life satisfaction baseline, finding instead that changes in life circumstances such as government policies, major life events (unemployment, major disability) and immigration change people’s baseline life satisfaction levels. This chapter also addresses the measure for affect (feelings), finding that positive affect (happiness, laughter, enjoyment) has much “large and highly significant impact” on life satisfaction than negative affect (worry, sadness, anger). The chapter also examines differences in happiness levels explained by the factors of (1) social support, (2) income, (3) healthy life, (4) trust in government and business, (5) perceived freedom to make life decisions and (6) generosity. Chapter 3, Promoting Secular Ethics is written by Richard Layard, This chapter argues for a revival of an ethical life and world, harkening to times when religious organizations were a dominant force. It calls on secular non-profit organizations to promote “ethical living in a way that provides inspiration, uplift, joy and mutual respect”, and gives examples of implementation by a non-profit founded by Richard Layard,[21] the chapter author, Action for Happiness, which offers online information from positive psychology and Buddhist teachings. Chapter 4, Happiness
Happiness
and Sustainable Development: Concepts and Evidence is written by Jeffrey Sachs. This chapter identifies ways that sustainable development indicators (economic, social and environmental factors) can be used to explain variations in happiness. It concludes with a report about an appeal to include subjective well-being indicators into the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Part Two 2016 Special
Special
Rome Edition was edited by Jeffrey Sacks, Leonardo Becchetti and Anthony Arnett. Chapter 1, Inside the Life Satisfaction Blackbox is written by Leonardo Becchetti, Luisa Carrado,[22] and Paolo Sama. This chapter proposes using quality of life measurements (a broader range of variables that life evaluation) in lieu of or in addition to overall life evaluations in future World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Reports. Chapter 2, Human Flourishing, the Common Good, and Catholic Social Teaching is written by Anthony Annett. This chapter contains explanations for three theories: (1) It is human nature to broadly define happiness and understand the connection between happiness and the common good, (2) that the current understanding of individuality is stripped of ties to the common good, and (3) that there is a need to restore the common good as central value for society. The chapter also proposes Catholic school teachings as a model for restoring the common good as a dominant value. Chapter 3, The Challenges of Public Happiness: An Historical-Methodological Reconstruction is written by Luigino Bruni and Stefano Zemagni. This chapter contemplates Aristotelian concepts of happiness and virtue as they pertain to and support the findings in the World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Reports regarding the impact of social support, trust in government, and equality of happiness. Chapter 4, The Geography of Parenthood and Well-Being. Do Children Make Us Happy, Where and Why? is written by Luca Stanca.[23] This chapter examines other research findings that children do not add happiness to parents. Using data from the World
World
Values Survey, it finds that, with the exception of widowed parents, having children has a negative effect on life satisfaction for parents in 2/3 of the 105 countries studied, with parents in richer countries suffering more. Once parents are old, life satisfaction increases. The chapter concludes that “existing evidence is not conclusive” and a statement that the causes for the low life satisfaction levels may be that for richer countries, having children is valued less, and in poorer countries, people suffer in financial and time costs when they have children. Chapter 5, Multidimensional Well-Being in Contemporary Europe: Analysis of the Use of Self-Organizing Map Allied to SHARE Data is written by Mario Lucchini, Luca Crivelli [24] and Sara della Bella. This chapter contains a study of well-being data from older European adults. It finds that this chapter’s study results were consistent with the World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report 2016 update: positive affect (feelings) have a stronger impact on a person’s satisfaction with life than do negative affect (feelings).

2015 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report[edit]

Descriptions

The 2015 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report has eight chapters: (1) Setting the Stage, (2) The Geography of World
World
Happiness, (3) How Does Subjective Well-being
Well-being
Vary Around the World
World
by Gender
Gender
and Age?, (4) How to Make Policy When Happiness
Happiness
is the Goal, (5) Neuroscience of Happiness, (6) Healthy Young Minds Transforming the Mental Health
Health
of Children, (7) Human Values, Civil Economy, and Subjective Well-being, and (8) Investing in Social Capital. Chapter 1, Setting the Stage is written by John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard and Jeffrey Sachs. This chapter celebrates the success of the happiness movement (“ Happiness
Happiness
is increasingly considered a proper means of social progress and public policy.”), citing the OECD Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being, a referendum in the EU requiring member nations to measure happiness, and the success of the World
World
Happiness
Happiness
reports (with readership at about 1.5 million), and the adoption of happiness by the government of the United Arab Emirates, and other areas. It sets an aspiration of the inclusion of subjective well-being into the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals
Sustainable Development Goals
(not fulfilled), and outlines the 2015 report. It also address the use of the term Happiness, identifying the cons (narrowness of the term, breath of the term, flakiness), and defining the use of the term for the reasons that the 2011 UN General Assembly
UN General Assembly
Resolution 65/309 Happiness
Happiness
Towards A Holistic Approach to Development[25] and April 2012 UN High Level Meeting: Well-being
Well-being
and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm,[26] Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness
Happiness
[27] philosophy, the term’s “convening and attention attracting power,” and the asset in a “double usage of happiness” as an emotional report and life evaluation. Chapter 2, The Geography of Happiness
Happiness
is written by John F. Helliwell, Hailing Huang and Shun Wang. This chapter reports the happiness of nations measured by life evaluations. It includes color coded maps and an analysis of six factors the account for the differences: (1) social support in terms of someone to count on in times of need, (2) GDP per capita (income), (3) live expectancy (in terms of healthy years), (4) sense of corruption in government and business (trust), (5) perceived freedom to make life decisions, and (6) generosity. The first three factors were found to have the biggest impact on a population’s happiness. Crisis (natural disasters and economic crisis) the quality of governance, and social support were found to be the key drivers for changes in national happiness levels, with the happiness of nations undergoing a crisis in which people have a strong sense of social support falling less than nations where people do not have a strong sense of social support. Chapter 3, How Does Subjective Well-being
Well-being
Vary Around the Globe by Gender
Gender
and Age? is written by Nicole Fortin, John F. Helliwell
John F. Helliwell
and Shun Wang. This chapter uses data for 12 experiences: happiness (the emotion), smiling or laughing, enjoyment, feeling safe at night, feeling well rested, and feeling interested, as well as anger, worry, sadness, depression, stress and pain to examine differences by gender and age. Findings reported include that there is not a lot of difference in life evaluations between men and women across nations or within ages in a nation (women have slightly higher life evaluations than men: 0.09 on a ten-point scale). It reports that overall happiness falls into a U shape with age on the x axis and happiness on the y, with the low point being middle age (45-50) for most nations (in some happiness does not go up much in later life, so the shape is more of a downhill slide), and that the U shape holds for feeling well rested in all regions. If finds that that men generally feel safer at night than women but, when comparing countries, people in Latin America have the lowest sense of safety at night, while people in East Asia and Western Europe
Western Europe
have the highest sense of safety at night. It also finds that as women age their sense of happiness declines and stress increases but worry decreases, as all people age their laughter, enjoyment and finding something of interest also declines, that anger is felt everywhere almost equally by men and women, stress peaks in the Middle Ages, and women experience depression more than men. It finds that where older people are happier, there is a sense of social support, freedom to make life choices and generosity (and income does not factor in as heavily as these three factors). Chapter 4, How to Make Policy When Happiness
Happiness
is the Goal is written by Richard Layard and Gus O’Donnell. This chapter advocates for a “new form of cost-benefit analysis” for government expenditures in which a “critical level of extra happiness” yielded by a project is established. It contemplates the prioritization of increasing happiness of the happy vs. reducing misery of the miserable, as well as the issues of discount rate (weight) for the happiness of future generations. It includes a technical annex with equations for calculating the maximization for happiness in public expenditure, tax policy, regulations, the distribution of happiness and a discount rate. Chapter 5, Neuroscience of Happiness
Happiness
is written by Richard J. Dawson and Brianna S. Schuyler. This chapter reports on research in brain science and happiness, identifying four aspects that account for happiness: (1) sustained positive emotion, (2) recovery of negative emotion (resilience), (3) empathy, altruism and pro-social behavior, and (4) mindfulness (mind-wandering/affective sickness). It concludes that the brain’s elasticity indicates that one can change one’s sense of happiness and life satisfaction (separate but overlapping positive consequences) levels by experiencing and practicing mindfulness, kindness, and generosity; and calls for more research on these topics. Chapter 6, Healthy Young Minds: Transforming the Mental Health
Health
of Children is written by Richard Layard and Ann Hagell.[28] This chapter identifies emotional development as of primary importance, (compared to academic and behavioral factors) in a child’s development and determination of whether a child will be a happy and well-functioning adult. It then focuses on the issue of mental illness in children, citing the statistic that while worldwide 10% of the world's children (approximately 200 million) suffer from diagnosable mental health problems, even in the richest nations, only one quarter of these children of them are in treatment. It identifies the action steps to treating children with mental health problems: local community-lead child well-being programs, training health care professions to identify mental health problems in children, parity of esteem for mental and physical problems and treatment, access to evidence-based mental health treatment for families and children, promotion of well-being in schools with well-being codes that inform the organizational behavior of schools, training teachers to identify mental health in children, teachings of life skills, measuring of children’s well-being by schools, development of free apps available internationally to treat mental illness in teens, and inclusion of mental health with the goal of physical health in the Sustainable Development goals. The chapter lists the benefits of treating children’s mental health: improved educational performance, reduction in youth crimes, improved earnings and employment in adulthood, and better parenting of the next generation. Chapter 7, Human Values, Civil Economy and Subjective Well-being
Well-being
is written by Leonardo Bechhetti,[29] Luigino Bruni and Stefano Zamagni. This chapter begins with a critique of the field of economics (" Economics
Economics
today looks like physics before the discovery of electrons"), identifying reductionism in which humans are conceived of as 100% self-interested individuals (economic reductionism), profit maximization is prioritized over all other interests (corporate reductionism), and societal values are narrowly identified with GDP and ignore environmental, cultural, spiritual and relational aspects (value reductionism). The chapter them focuses on a theoretical approach termed "Civil Economy paradigm", and research about it demonstrating that going beyond reductionism leads to greater socialization for people and communities, and a rise in priority of the values of reciprocity, friendship, trustworthiness, and benevolence. It makes the argument that positive social relationships (trust, benevolence, shared social identities) yield happiness and positive economic outcomes. It ends with recommendations for move from the dominant model of elite-competitive democracy to a participatory/deliberative model of democracy with bottom-up political and economic participation and incentives for non-selfish actions (altruistic people) and corporations with wider goals than pure profit (ethical and environmentally responsible corporations). Chapter 8, Investing in Social Capital is written by Jeffrey Sachs. This chapter focuses on “pro-sociality” (“individuals making decisions for the common good that may conflict with short-run egoistic incentives”). It identifies pro-social behaviors: honesty, benevolence, cooperation and trustworthiness. It recommends investment in social capital through education, moral instruction, professional codes of conduct, public censure and condemnation of violators of public trust, and public policies to narrow income inequalities for countries where there is generalized distrust of government and business, pervasive corruption and lawless behavior (such as tax evasion).

2013 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report[edit]

Descriptions

The 2013 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report has eight chapters: (1) Introduction, (2) World
World
Happiness: Trends, Explanations and Distribution, (3) Mental Illness and Unhappiness, (4) The Objective Benefits of Subjective Well-being, (5) Restoring Virtue Ethics in the Quest for Happiness, (6) Using Well-being
Well-being
as a Guide to Policy, (7) The OECD
OECD
Approach to Measuring Subjective Well-being, and (8) From Capabilities to Contentment: Testing the Links between Human Development and Life Satisfaction. Chapter 1, Introduction is written by John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard and Jeffrey Sachs. It synopsizes the chapters and gives a discussion of the term happiness. Chapter 2, World
World
Happiness: Trends, Explanations and Distributions is written by John F. Helliwell
John F. Helliwell
and Shun Wang. It provides ratings among countries and regions for satisfaction with life using the Cantril Ladder, positive and negative affect (emotions), and log of GDP per capita, years of healthy life expectancy, having someone to count on in times of trouble, perceptions of corruption, prevalence of generosity, and freedom to make life choices. Chapter 3, Mental Illness and Unhappiness is written by Richard Layard, Dan Chisholm, Vikram Patel, and Shekhar Saxel. It identifies the far ranging prevalence of mental illness around the world (10% of the world's population at one time) and provides the evidence showing that "mental illness is a highly influential - and...the single biggest - determinant of misery." It concludes with examples of interventions implemented by countries around the world. Chapter 4, The Objective Benefits of Subjective Well-being
Well-being
is written by Jan-Emmanuel de Neve, Ed Diener, Louis Tay and Cody Xuereb. It provides an explanation of the benefits of subjective well-being (happiness) on health & longevity, income, productivity & organizational behavior, and individual & social behavior. It touches on the role of happiness in human evolution through rewarding behaviors that increase evolutionary success and beneficial to survival. Chapter 5, Restoring Virtue Ethics in the Quest for Happiness
Happiness
is written by Jeffrey Sachs. It argues that "a renewed focus on the role of ethics, and in particular of virtuous behavior, in happiness could lead us to new and effective strategies for raising individual, national and global well-being," looking to the eightfold noble path (the teachings of the dharma handed down in the Buddhist tradition that encompass wise view/understanding, wise intention, wise speech, wise action, wise livelihood, and effort, concentration and mindfulness), Aristotelian philosophy (people are social animals, "with individual happiness secured only within a political community...[which] should organize its institutions to promote virtuous behavior), and Christian doctrine of St. Thomas Aquinas ("placing happiness in the context of servicing God's will"). It gives an explanation of the evolution of the field of economics up t the "failures of hyper-commercialism" and suggests an antidote based on four global ethical values: (1) non-violence and respect for life, (2) justice and solidarity, (3) honesty and tolerance, and (4) mutual esteem and partnership. Chapter 6, Using Well-being
Well-being
as Guide to Public Policy is written by Gus O'Donnell. This chapter gives a status report on the issues governments grapple with in adopting well-being and happiness measures and goals for policy, from understanding the data or establishing whether a specific policy improves well-being, to figuring out how to "incorporate well-being into standard policy making." It provides examples of efforts to measure happiness and well-being from Bhutan, New Zealand, South Africa, the UK, and cities and communities in the USA, Canada, Australia
Australia
and Tasmania. It identifies the key policy areas of health, transport and education for policy makers to focus on and includes discussions about interpersonal comparability (concentrating on "getting people out of misery" instead of making happy people happier), discount rate (do we invest more in happiness for people today or in the future?) and putting a monetary value on happiness for policy trade off decisions (e.g. If "a 10% reduction in noise increase SWB by one unit, then we can infer that a 10% reduction is "worth" $1,000" when $1,000 would increase a person's SWB by one unit). Chapter 7, The OECD
OECD
Approach to Measuring Subjective Well-being
Well-being
is written by Martine Durand and Conal Smith. This chapter was written the same year the OECD
OECD
issued its Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being,[30] and is a synopsis of such. It includes a definition for subjective well-being: life evaluation (a person's reflection on their life and life circumstances), affect (positive and negative emotions) and eudaimonia; core measures, a discussion on data collection processes, survey and sample design, other aspects of using subjective well-being metrics, and ideas on how policy-makers can use subjective well-being data. It surveys the status of wealthy countries subjective well-being data collection process, and identifies future directions of experimentation and better income measures, citing the Easterlin Paradox as the basis for this call. Chapter 8, From Capabilities to Contentment: Testing the Links between Human Development and Life Satisfaction is written by Jon Hall.[31] This chapter explains the components of human development using objective metrics: (1) education, health and command over income and nutrition resources, (2) participation and freedom, (3) human security, (4) equity, and (5) sustainability; key findings of the Human Development Index
Human Development Index
(HDI) ("weak relationship between economic growth and changes in health and education" as well as life expectancy), and examines the relationship between the HDI and happiness, finding that (1) components of the HDI "correlate strongly with better life evaluations," and (2) there is a strong relationship between life evaluation and the "non-income HDI." It contemplates measurement of conditions of life beyond the HDI that are important to well-being: (1) better working conditions, (2) security against crime and physical violence, (3) participation in economic and political activities, (4) freedom and (5) inequality. The concludes with the statements that the HDI and SWB have similar approaches and importantly connected, with the two disciplines offering alternative and complementary views of development.

2012 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report[edit]

Descriptions

The 2012 World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report was issued at the UN High Level Meeting Well-being
Well-being
and Happiness: Defining a New Economic Paradigm[32] by editors John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard and Jeffrey Sachs. Part one has an introduction (chapter 1) and three chapters: (2) the State of World
World
Happiness, (3) Causes of Happiness
Happiness
and Misery, Some Policy Implications. Part two has three chapters, each a case study, of Bhutan, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Office of National Statistics, and the OECD. Chapter 1, The Introduction is by Jeffrey Sachs
Jeffrey Sachs
and references Buddha and Aristotle, identifies today's era as the anthropocene, and identifies the reasons GDP is not a sufficient measure to guide governments and society. Chapter 2, The State of World
World
Happiness, is written by John F. Helliwell and Shun Wang,[33] and contains a discussion of subjective well-being measures that ranges from the validity of subjective well-being measures to the seriousness of happiness, happiness set points and cultural comparisons, and it includes data from the Gallup World
World
Poll, European Social Survey, and the World
World
Values Survey.[34] Chapter 3, The Causes of Happiness
Happiness
and Misery is written by Richard Layard, Andrew Clark,[35] and Claudia Senik,[36] and contemplates research on the impact on happiness of the external factors of income, work, community and governance, values and religion, as well as the internal factors of mental health, physical health, family experience, education, and gender and age. Chapter 4, Some Policy Implications, written by John F. Helliwell, Richard Layard and Jeffrey Sachs, calls for a greater understanding on how governments can measure happiness, the determinants of happiness, and use of happiness data and findings about determinants for policy purposes. It also highlights the role of GDP ("GDP is important but not all that is important") as a guide to policy makers, the importance that policy makers should place on providing opportunities for employment; the role of happiness in policy making ("Making happiness an objective of governments would not therefore lead to the “servile society,” and indeed quite the contrary... Happiness
Happiness
comes from an opportunity to mold one’s own future, and thus depends on a robust level of freedom."); the role of values and religion ("In well-functioning societies there is widespread support for the universal value that we should treat others as we would like them to treat us. We need to cultivate social norms so that the rich and powerful are never given a feeling of impunity vis-à-vis the rest of society."); calls for wider access to psychological therapies in a section on mental health citing the fact that one third of all families are affected by mental illness; identifies improvements in physical health as "probably the single most important factor that has improved human happiness" and calls out the rich-poor gap in health care between rich and poor countries; calls on workplace and governmental policies that encourage work-life balance and reduce stress, including family support and child care; and states that " Universal access to education is widely judged to be a basic human right..." The chapter concludes with a philosophical discussion. Chapter 5, Case Study: Bhutan
Bhutan
Gross National Happiness
Happiness
and the GNH Index is written by Karma Ura,[37] Sabine Alkire,[38] and Tsoki Zangmo. It gives a short history of the development of the Gross National Happiness
Happiness
(GNH) concept in Bhutan, and an explanation of the GNH index, data collection and data analysis process, including the rating methodology to determine if an individual experiences happiness sufficiency levels, as well as the policy and lifestyle implications Chapter 6, Case Study: ONS Measuring Subjective Well-being: The UK Office of National Statistics
Statistics
Experience is written by Stephen Hicks. It covers the basis for the creation of the Measuring National Well-being
Well-being
Programme[39] in the UK's Office of National Statistics[40] (ONS), and the development of their methodology for measuring well-being. Chapter 5, Case Study OECD
OECD
Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being
Well-being
is an explanation about the process and rationale the OECD was undertaking to develop its Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being,[41] which it issued in 2013.

International rankings[edit] Data is collected from people in over 150 countries. Each variable measured reveals a populated-weighted average score on a scale running from 0 to 10 that is tracked over time and compared against other countries. These variables currently include: real GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity, and perceptions of corruption. Each country is also compared against a hypothetical nation called Dystopia. Dystopia represents the lowest national averages for each key variable and is, along with residual error, used as a regression benchmark. 2018 report[edit] As per the 2018 Happiness
Happiness
Index, Finland
Finland
is the happiest country in the world. Norway, Denmark, Iceland
Iceland
and Switzerland
Switzerland
hold the next top positions. The report was published on 14 March 2018 by UN. The full report can be read at 2018 Report. The World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness. The World
World
Happiness Report 2018, which ranks 156 countries by their happiness levels, and 117 countries by the happiness of their immigrants, was released on March 14th at a launch event at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in the Vatican.

Overall Rank Country Score GDP per capita Social support Healthy life expectancy Freedom to make life choices Generosity Perceptions of corruption

1  Finland 7.632 1.305 1.592 0.874 0.681 0.192 0.393

2  Norway 7.594 1.456 1.582 0.861 0.686 0.286 0.340

3  Denmark 7.555 1.351 1.590 0.868 0.683 0.284 0.408

4  Iceland 7.495 1.343 1.644 0.914 0.677 0.353 0.138

5   Switzerland 7.487 1.420 1.549 0.927 0.660 0.256 0.357

6  Netherlands 7.441 1.361 1.488 0.878 0.638 0.333 0.295

7  Canada 7.328 1.330 1.532 0.896 0.653 0.321 0.291

8  New Zealand 7.324 1.268 1.601 0.876 0.669 0.365 0.389

9  Sweden 7.314 1.355 1.501 0.913 0.659 0.285 0.383

10  Australia 7.272 1.340 1.573 0.910 0.647 0.361 0.302

11  Israel 7.190 1.244 1.433 0.888 0.464 0.262 0.082

12  Austria 7.139 1.341 1.504 0.891 0.617 0.242 0.224

13  Costa Rica 7.072 1.010 1.459 0.817 0.632 0.143 0.101

14  Ireland 6.977 1.448 1.583 0.876 0.614 0.307 0.306

15  Germany 6.965 1.340 1.474 0.861 0.586 0.273 0.280

16  Belgium 6.927 1.324 1.483 0.894 0.583 0.188 0.240

17  Luxembourg 6.910 1.576 1.520 0.896 0.632 0.196 0.321

18  United States 6.886 1.398 1.471 0.819 0.547 0.291 0.133

19  United Kingdom 6.814 1.301 1.559 0.883 0.533 0.354 0.272

20  United Arab Emirates 6.774 2.096 0.776 0.670 0.284 0.186

21  Czech Republic 6.711 1.233 1.489 0.854 0.543 0.064 0.034

22  Malta 6.627 1.270 1.525 0.884 0.645 0.376 0.142

23  France 6.489 1.293 1.466 0.908 0.520 0.098 0.176

24  Mexico 6.488 1.038 1.252 0.761 0.479 0.069 0.095

25  Chile 6.476 1.131 1.331 0.808 0.431 0.197 0.061

26  Taiwan 6.441 1.365 1.436 0.857 0.418 0.151 0.078

27  Panama 6.430 1.112 1.438 0.759 0.597 0.125 0.063

28  Brazil 6.419 0.986 1.474 0.675 0.493 0.110 0.088

29  Argentina 6.388 1.073 1.468 0.744 0.570 0.062 0.054

30  Guatemala 6.382 0.781 1.268 0.608 0.604 0.179 0.071

31  Uruguay 6.379 1.093 1.459 0.771 0.625 0.130 0.155

32  Bahrain 6.374 1.649 1.303 0.748 0.654 0.256 0.171

33  Saudi Arabia 6.371 1.379 1.331 0.633 0.509 0.098 0.127

34  Singapore 6.343 1.529 1.451 1.008 0.631 0.261 0.457

35  Malaysia 6.322 1.161 1.258 0.669 0.356 0.311 0.059

36  Spain 6.310 1.251 1.538 0.965 0.449 0.142 0.074

37  Colombia 6.260 0.960 1.439 0.635 0.531 0.099 0.039

38  Trinidad & Tobago 6.192 1.223 1.492 0.564 0.575 0.171 0.019

39  Slovakia 6.173 1.210 1.537 0.776 0.354 0.118 0.014

40  El Salvador 6.167 0.806 1.231 0.639 0.461 0.065 0.082

41  Nicaragua 6.141 0.668 1.319 0.700 0.527 0.208 0.128

42  Poland 6.123 1.176 1.448 0.781 0.546 0.108 0.064

43  Kuwait 6.105 1.338 1.366 0.698 0.594 0.243 0.123

44  Uzbekistan 6.096 0.719 1.584 0.605 0.724 0.328 0.259

45  Qatar 6.083 1.474 1.301 0.675 0.554 0.167 0.106

46  Thailand 6.072 1.016 1.417 0.707 0.637 0.364 0.029

47  Italy 6.000 1.264 1.501 0.946 0.281 0.137 0.028

48  Ecuador 5.973 0.889 1.330 0.736 0.556 0.114 0.120

49  Belize 5.956 0.807 1.101 0.474 0.593 0.183 0.089

50  Lithuania 5.952 1.197 1.527 0.716 0.350 0.026 0.006

51  Slovenia 5.948 1.219 1.506 0.856 0.633 0.160 0.051

52  Romania 5.945 1.116 1.219 0.726 0.528 0.088 0.001

53  Latvia 5.933 1.148 1.454 0.671 0.363 0.092 0.066

54  Japan 5.915 1.294 1.462 0.988 0.553 0.079 0.150

55  Mauritius 5.891 1.090 1.387 0.684 0.584 0.245 0.050

56  Jamaica 5.890 0.819 1.493 0.693 0.575 0.096 0.031

57  South Korea 5.875 1.266 1.204 0.955 0.244 0.175 0.051

58  Northern Cyprus 5.835 1.229 1.211 0.909 0.495 0.179 0.154

59  Russia 5.810 1.151 1.479 0.599 0.399 0.065 0.025

60  Kazakhstan 5.790 1.143 1.516 0.631 0.454 0.148 0.121

61  Cyprus 5.762 1.229 1.191 0.909 0.423 0.202 0.035

62  Bolivia 5.752 0.751 1.223 0.508 0.606 0.141 0.054

63  Estonia 5.739 1.200 1.532 0.737 0.553 0.086 0.174

64  Paraguay 5.681 0.835 1.522 0.615 0.541 0.162 0.074

65  Peru 5.663 0.934 1.249 0.674 0.530 0.092 0.034

66  Kosovo 5.662 0.855 1.230 0.578 0.448 0.274 0.023

67  Moldova 5.640 0.657 1.301 0.620 0.232 0.171 0.000

68  Turkmenistan 5.636 1.016 1.533 0.517 0.417 0.199 0.037

69  Hungary 5.620 1.171 1.401 0.732 0.259 0.061 0.022

70  Libya 5.566 0.985 1.350 0.553 0.496 0.116 0.148

71  Philippines 5.524 0.775 1.312 0.513 0.643 0.120 0.105

72  Honduras 5.504 0.620 1.205 0.622 0.459 0.197 0.074

73  Belarus 5.483 1.039 1.498 0.700 0.307 0.101 0.154

74  Turkey 5.483 1.148 1.380 0.686 0.324 0.106 0.109

75  Pakistan 5.472 0.652 0.810 0.424 0.334 0.216 0.113

76  Hong Kong 5.430 1.405 1.290 1.030 0.524 0.246 0.291

77  Portugal 5.410 1.188 1.429 0.884 0.562 0.055 0.017

78  Serbia 5.398 0.975 1.369 0.685 0.288 0.134 0.043

79  Greece 5.358 1.154 1.202 0.879 0.131 0.000 0.044

80  Tajikistan 5.358 0.474 1.179 0.598 0.503 0.214 0.136

81  Montenegro 5.347 1.017 1.279 0.729 0.259 0.111 0.081

82  Croatia 5.321 1.115 1.161 0.737 0.380 0.120 0.039

83  Dominican Republic 5.302 0.982 1.441 0.614 0.578 0.120 0.106

84  Algeria 5.295 0.979 1.154 0.687 0.077 0.055 0.135

85  Morocco 5.254 0.779 0.797 0.669 0.460 0.026 0.074

86  China 5.246 0.989 1.142 0.799 0.597 0.029 0.103

87  Azerbaijan 5.201 1.024 1.161 0.603 0.430 0.031 0.176

88  Lebanon 5.199 0.965 1.166 0.785 0.292 0.187 0.034

89  Macedonia 5.185 0.959 1.239 0.691 0.394 0.173 0.052

90  Jordan 5.161 0.822 1.265 0.645 0.468 0.130 0.134

91  Nigeria 5.155 0.689 1.172 0.048 0.462 0.201 0.032

92  Kyrgyzstan 5.131 0.530 1.416 0.594 0.540 0.281 0.035

93  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.129 0.915 1.078 0.758 0.280 0.216 0.000

94  Mongolia 5.125 0.914 1.517 0.575 0.395 0.253 0.032

95  Vietnam 5.103 0.715 1.365 0.702 0.618 0.177 0.079

96  Indonesia 5.093 0.899 1.215 0.522 0.538 0.484 0.018

97  Bhutan 5.082 0.796 1.335 0.527 0.541 0.364 0.171

98  Somalia 4.982 0.000 0.712 0.115 0.674 0.238 0.282

99  Cameroon 4.975 0.535 0.891 0.182 0.454 0.183 0.043

100  Bulgaria 4.933 1.054 1.515 0.712 0.359 0.064 0.009

101    Nepal 4.880 0.425 1.228 0.539 0.526 0.302 0.078

102  Venezuela 4.806 0.996 1.469 0.657 0.133 0.056 0.052

103  Gabon 4.758 1.036 1.164 0.404 0.356 0.032 0.052

104  Palestinian Territories 4.743 0.642 1.217 0.602 0.266 0.086 0.076

105  South Africa 4.724 0.940 1.410 0.330 0.516 0.103 0.056

106  Iran 4.707 1.059 0.771 0.691 0.459 0.282 0.129

107  Ivory Coast 4.671 0.541 0.872 0.080 0.467 0.146 0.103

108  Ghana 4.657 0.592 0.896 0.337 0.499 0.212 0.029

109  Senegal 4.631 0.429 1.117 0.433 0.406 0.138 0.082

110  Laos 4.623 0.720 1.034 0.441 0.626 0.230 0.174

111  Tunisia 4.592 0.900 0.906 0.690 0.271 0.040 0.063

112  Albania 4.586 0.916 0.817 0.790 0.419 0.149 0.032

113  Sierra Leone 4.571 0.256 0.813 0.000 0.355 0.238 0.053

114  Congo (Brazzaville) 4.559 0.682 0.811 0.343 0.514 0.091 0.077

115  Bangladesh 4.500 0.532 0.850 0.579 0.580 0.153 0.144

116  Sri Lanka 4.471 0.918 1.314 0.672 0.585 0.307 0.050

117  Iraq 4.456 1.010 0.971 0.536 0.304 0.148 0.095

118  Mali 4.447 0.370 1.233 0.152 0.367 0.139 0.056

119  Namibia 4.441 0.874 1.281 0.365 0.519 0.051 0.064

120  Cambodia 4.433 0.549 1.088 0.457 0.696 0.256 0.065

121  Burkina Faso 4.424 0.314 1.097 0.254 0.312 0.175 0.128

122  Egypt 4.419 0.885 1.025 0.553 0.312 0.092 0.107

123  Mozambique 4.417 0.198 0.902 0.173 0.531 0.206 0.158

124  Kenya 4.410 0.493 1.048 0.454 0.504 0.352 0.055

125  Zambia 4.377 0.562 1.047 0.295 0.503 0.221 0.082

126  Mauritania 4.356 0.557 1.245 0.292 0.129 0.134 0.093

127  Ethiopia 4.350 0.308 0.950 0.391 0.452 0.220 0.146

128  Georgia 4.340 0.853 0.592 0.643 0.375 0.038 0.215

129  Armenia 4.321 0.816 0.990 0.666 0.260 0.077 0.028

130  Myanmar 4.308 0.682 1.174 0.429 0.580 0.598 0.178

131  Chad 4.301 0.358 0.907 0.053 0.189 0.181 0.060

132  Congo (Kinshasa) 4.245 0.069 1.136 0.204 0.312 0.197 0.052

133  India 4.190 0.721 0.747 0.485 0.539 0.172 0.093

134  Niger 0.166 0.131 0.867 0.221 0.390 0.175 0.099

135  Uganda 0.161 0.322 1.090 0.237 0.450 0.259 0.061

136  Benin 0.141 0.378 0.372 0.240 0.440 0.163 0.067

137  Sudan 0.139 0.605 1.240 0.312 0.016 0.134 0.082

138  Ukraine 0.103 0.793 1.413 0.609 0.163 0.187 0.011

139  Togo 0.999 0.259 0.474 0.253 0.434 0.158 0.101

140  Guinea 0.964 0.344 0.792 0.211 0.394 0.185 0.094

141  Lesotho 0.808 0.472 1.215 0.079 0.423 0.116 0.112

142  Angola 0.795 0.730 1.125 0.269 0.000 0.079 0.061

143  Madagascar 0.774 0.262 0.908 0.402 0.221 0.155 0.049

144  Zimbabwe 3.692 0.357 1.094 0.248 0.406 0.132 0.099

145  Afghanistan 0.632 0.332 0.537 0.255 0.085 0.191 0.036

146  Botswana 0.590 1.017 1.174 0.417 0.557 0.042 0.092

147  Malawi 0.587 0.186 0.541 0.306 0.531 0.210 0.080

148  Haiti 0.582 0.315 0.714 0.289 0.025 0.392 0.104

149  Liberia .495 0.076 0.858 0.267 0.419 0.206 0.030

150  Syria .462 0.689 0.382 0.539 0.088 0.376 0.144

151  Rwanda .408 0.332 0.896 0.400 0.636 0.200 0.444

152  Yemen .355 0.442 1.073 0.343 0.244 0.083 0.064

153  Tanzania 0.303 0.455 0.991 0.381 0.481 0.270 0.097

154  South Sudan 0.254 0.337 0.608 0.177 0.112 0.224 0.106

155  Central African Republic 0.083 0.024 0.000 0.010 0.305 0.218 0.038

156  Burundi 0.905 0.091 0.627 0.145 0.065 0.149 0.076

2017 report[edit] The 2017 report features the happiness score averaged over the years 2014-2016. For that timespan, Norway
Norway
was the overall happiest country in the world, even though oil prices had dropped. Close behind were Denmark, Iceland
Iceland
and Switzerland
Switzerland
in a tight pack. Four of the top five countries follow the Nordic model. All the top ten countries had high scores in the six categories. The ranked follow-on countries in the top ten are: Finland, the Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and Sweden. Table of data for 2017.[42]

Overall Rank Change in rank Country Score Change in score GDP per capita Social support Healthy life expectancy Freedom to make life choices Generosity Trust Residual

1 3  Norway 7.537 0.039 1.616 1.534 0.797 0.635 0.362 0.316 2.277

2 -1  Denmark 7.522 -0.004 1.482 1.551 0.793 0.626 0.355 0.401 2.314

3 0  Iceland 7.504 0.003 1.481 1.611 0.834 0.627 0.476 0.154 2.323

4 -2   Switzerland 7.494 -0.015 1.565 1.517 0.858 0.620 0.291 0.367 2.277

5 0  Finland 7.469 0.056 1.444 1.540 0.809 0.618 0.245 0.383 2.430

6 1  Netherlands 7.377 0.038 1.504 1.429 0.811 0.585 0.470 0.283 2.295

7 -1  Canada 7.316 -0.088 1.479 1.481 0.835 0.611 0.436 0.287 2.187

8 0  New Zealand 7.314 -0.020 1.406 1.548 0.817 0.614 0.500 0.383 2.046

9 0  Australia 7.284 -0.029 1.484 1.510 0.844 0.602 0.478 0.301 2.065

10 0  Sweden 7.284 -0.007 1.494 1.478 0.831 0.613 0.385 0.384 2.098

11 0  Israel 7.213 -0.054 1.375 1.376 0.838 0.406 0.330 0.085 2.802

12 2  Costa Rica 7.079 -0.008 1.110 1.416 0.760 0.580 0.215 0.100 2.899

13 -1  Austria 7.006 -0.113 1.487 1.460 0.815 0.568 0.316 0.221 2.139

14 -1  United States 6.993 -0.111 1.546 1.420 0.774 0.506 0.393 0.136 2.218

15 4  Ireland 6.977 0.070 1.536 1.558 0.810 0.573 0.428 0.298 1.774

16 0  Germany 6.951 -0.043 1.488 1.473 0.799 0.563 0.336 0.277 2.016

17 1  Belgium 6.891 -0.038 1.464 1.462 0.818 0.540 0.232 0.251 2.124

18 2  Luxembourg 6.863 -0.008 1.742 1.458 0.845 0.597 0.283 0.319 1.620

19 4  United Kingdom 6.714 -0.011 1.442 1.496 0.805 0.508 0.493 0.265 1.704

20 4  Chile 6.652 -0.053 1.253 1.284 0.819 0.377 0.327 0.082 2.510

21 7  United Arab Emirates 6.648 0.075 1.626 1.266 0.727 0.608 0.361 0.324 1.735

22 -5  Brazil 6.635 -0.317 1.107 1.431 0.617 0.437 0.162 0.111 2.769

23 4  Czech Republic 6.609 0.013 1.353 1.434 0.754 0.491 0.088 0.037 2.452

24 2  Argentina 6.599 -0.051 1.185 1.440 0.695 0.495 0.109 0.060 2.614

25 -4  Mexico 6.578 -0.200 1.153 1.211 0.710 0.413 0.121 0.133 2.837

26 -4  Singapore 6.572 -0.167 1.692 1.354 0.949 0.550 0.346 0.464 1.216

27 3  Malta 6.527 0.039 1.343 1.488 0.822 0.589 0.575 0.153 1.557

28 1  Uruguay 6.454 -0.091 1.218 1.412 0.719 0.579 0.175 0.178 2.172

29 10  Guatemala 6.454 0.130 0.872 1.256 0.540 0.531 0.283 0.077 2.894

30 -5  Panama 6.452 -0.249 1.234 1.373 0.706 0.550 0.211 0.071 2.307

31 1  France 6.442 -0.036 1.431 1.388 0.844 0.470 0.130 0.173 2.006

32 1  Thailand 6.424 -0.050 1.128 1.426 0.647 0.580 0.572 0.032 2.040

33 2  Taiwan 6.422 0.043 1.434 1.385 0.794 0.361 0.258 0.064 2.127

34 3  Spain 6.403 0.042 1.384 1.532 0.889 0.409 0.190 0.071 1.928

35 1  Qatar 6.375 0.000 1.871 1.274 0.710 0.604 0.330 0.439 1.145

36 -5  Colombia 6.357 -0.124 1.071 1.402 0.595 0.477 0.149 0.047 2.616

37 -3  Saudi Arabia 6.344 -0.035 1.531 1.287 0.590 0.450 0.148 0.273 2.065

38 5  Trinidad and Tobago 6.168 0.000 1.361 1.380 0.520 0.519 0.325 0.009 2.053

39 2  Kuwait 6.105 -0.134 1.633 1.260 0.632 0.496 0.228 0.215 1.640

40 5  Slovakia 6.098 0.020 1.325 1.505 0.713 0.296 0.137 0.024 2.098

41 1  Bahrain 6.087 -0.131 1.488 1.323 0.653 0.537 0.173 0.257 1.656

42 5  Malaysia 6.084 0.079 1.291 1.285 0.619 0.402 0.417 0.066 2.004

– –  Europe[Note 1] 6.080 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

43 5  Nicaragua 6.071 0.079 0.737 1.287 0.653 0.448 0.302 0.131 2.514

44 7  Ecuador 6.008 0.032 1.001 1.286 0.686 0.455 0.150 0.140 2.290

45 1  El Salvador 6.003 -0.065 0.910 1.182 0.596 0.432 0.078 0.090 2.715

46 11  Poland 5.973 0.138 1.292 1.446 0.699 0.520 0.158 0.059 1.798

47 2  Uzbekistan 5.971 -0.016 0.786 1.549 0.498 0.658 0.416 0.247 1.817

48 2  Italy 5.964 -0.013 1.395 1.445 0.853 0.256 0.173 0.028 1.813

49 7  Russia 5.963 0.107 1.282 1.469 0.547 0.374 0.052 0.033 2.206

50 2  Belize 5.956 0.000 0.908 1.081 0.450 0.548 0.240 0.097 2.632

51 2  Japan 5.920 -0.001 1.417 1.436 0.913 0.506 0.121 0.164 1.363

52 8  Lithuania 5.902 0.089 1.315 1.474 0.629 0.234 0.010 0.012 2.228

53 -15  Algeria 5.872 -0.483 1.092 1.146 0.618 0.233 0.069 0.146 2.568

54 14  Latvia 5.850 0.290 1.261 1.405 0.639 0.326 0.153 0.074 1.994

55 0  Moldova 5.838 -0.059 0.729 1.252 0.589 0.241 0.209 0.010 2.808

56 2  South Korea 5.838 0.003 1.402 1.128 0.900 0.258 0.207 0.063 1.880

57 14  Romania 5.825 0.297 1.218 1.150 0.685 0.457 0.134 0.004 2.177

58 1  Bolivia 5.823 0.001 0.834 1.228 0.474 0.559 0.226 0.060 2.443

59 6  Turkmenistan 5.822 0.164 1.131 1.493 0.438 0.418 0.250 0.259 1.833

60 -6  Kazakhstan 5.819 -0.100 1.285 1.384 0.606 0.437 0.202 0.119 1.785

61 1  North Cyprus 5.810 0.039 1.347 1.186 0.835 0.471 0.267 0.155 1.549

62 1  Slovenia 5.758 -0.010 1.341 1.453 0.791 0.573 0.243 0.045 1.313

63 1  Peru 5.715 -0.028 1.035 1.219 0.630 0.450 0.127 0.047 2.207

64 2  Mauritius 5.629 -0.019 1.189 1.210 0.638 0.491 0.361 0.042 1.698

65 4  Cyprus 5.621 0.075 1.356 1.131 0.845 0.355 0.271 0.041 1.621

66 6  Estonia 5.611 0.094 1.321 1.477 0.695 0.479 0.099 0.183 1.358

67 -6  Belarus 5.569 -0.233 1.157 1.445 0.638 0.295 0.155 0.156 1.723

68 -1  Libya 5.525 -0.090 1.102 1.358 0.520 0.466 0.152 0.093 1.835

69 9  Turkey 5.500 0.111 1.198 1.338 0.638 0.301 0.047 0.100 1.879

70 0  Paraguay 5.493 -0.045 0.933 1.507 0.579 0.474 0.224 0.091 1.685

71 4  Hong Kong 5.472 0.014 1.552 1.263 0.943 0.491 0.374 0.294 0.555

72 10  Philippines 5.430 0.151 0.858 1.254 0.468 0.585 0.194 0.099 1.973

73 13  Serbia 5.395 0.218 1.069 1.258 0.651 0.209 0.220 0.041 1.947

74 6  Jordan 5.336 0.033 0.991 1.239 0.605 0.418 0.172 0.120 1.791

75 16  Hungary 5.324 0.179 1.286 1.343 0.688 0.176 0.078 0.037 1.716

76 -3  Jamaica 5.311 -0.199 0.926 1.368 0.641 0.474 0.234 0.055 1.612

– – World 5.305[Note 2] N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

77 -3  Croatia 5.293 -0.195 1.223 0.968 0.701 0.256 0.248 0.043 1.854

78 -1  Kosovo 5.279 -0.122 0.951 1.138 0.541 0.260 0.320 0.057 2.011

79 4  China 5.273 0.028 1.081 1.161 0.741 0.473 0.029 0.023 1.765

80 12  Pakistan 5.269 0.137 0.727 0.673 0.402 0.235 0.315 0.124 2.792

81 -2  Indonesia 5.262 -0.052 0.996 1.274 0.492 0.443 0.612 0.015 1.429

82 -38  Venezuela 5.250 -0.834 1.128 1.431 0.617 0.154 0.065 0.064 1.789

83 5  Montenegro 5.237 0.076 1.121 1.238 0.667 0.195 0.198 0.088 1.729

84 6  Morocco 5.235 0.084 0.878 0.775 0.598 0.408 0.032 0.088 2.456

85 -4  Azerbaijan 7.342 -0.057 1.154 1.152 0.541 0.398 0.045 0.181 1.762

86 3  Dominican Republic 5.230 0.075 1.079 1.402 0.575 0.553 0.187 0.114 1.319

87 12  Greece 5.227 0.194 1.289 1.239 0.810 0.096 0.000 0.043 1.749

88 5  Lebanon 5.225 0.096 1.075 1.130 0.735 0.289 0.264 0.038 1.695

89 5  Portugal 5.195 0.072 1.315 1.367 0.796 0.498 0.095 0.016 1.108

90 -3  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.182 0.019 0.982 1.069 0.705 0.204 0.329 0.000 1.892

91 13  Honduras 5.181 0.310 0.731 1.144 0.583 0.348 0.236 0.073 2.066

92 3  Macedonia 5.175 0.054 1.065 1.208 0.645 0.326 0.254 0.060 1.617

93 -17  Somalia 5.151 -0.289 0.023 0.721 0.114 0.602 0.292 0.282 3.117

94 2  Vietnam 5.074 0.013 0.789 1.277 0.652 0.571 0.235 0.088 1.462

95 8  Nigeria 5.074 0.199 0.784 1.216 0.057 0.395 0.231 0.026 2.365

96 4  Tajikistan 5.041 0.045 0.525 1.271 0.529 0.472 0.249 0.146 1.849

97 -13  Bhutan 5.011 -0.185 0.885 1.340 0.496 0.502 0.474 0.173 1.140

98 -13  Kyrgyzstan 5.004 -0.181 0.596 1.394 0.553 0.455 0.429 0.039 1.537

99 8    Nepal 4.962 0.169 0.480 1.179 0.504 0.440 0.394 0.073 1.891

– – Soviet Union 4.959[Note 3] N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

100 1  Mongolia 4.955 0.048 1.027 1.493 0.558 0.394 0.338 0.033 1.111

101 15  South Africa 4.829 0.370 1.055 1.385 0.187 0.479 0.139 0.073 1.511

102 -4  Tunisia 4.805 -0.240 1.007 0.868 0.613 0.290 0.050 0.087 1.890

103 5  Palestinian Territories 4.775 0.021 0.716 1.156 0.566 0.255 0.114 0.089 1.879

104 16  Egypt 4.735 0.373 0.990 0.997 0.520 0.282 0.129 0.114 1.702

105 24  Bulgaria 4.714 0.497 1.161 1.434 0.708 0.289 0.113 0.011 0.996

106 5  Sierra Leone 4.709 0.074 0.368 0.984 0.006 0.319 0.293 0.071 2.668

107 7  Cameroon 4.695 0.182 0.564 0.946 0.133 0.430 0.236 0.051 2.334

108 -3  Iran 4.692 -0.121 1.157 0.712 0.639 0.249 0.387 0.049 1.499

109 0  Albania 4.644 -0.011 0.996 0.804 0.731 0.381 0.201 0.040 1.490

110 0  Bangladesh 4.608 -0.035 0.587 0.735 0.533 0.478 0.172 0.124 1.979

111 2  Namibia 4.574 0.000 0.964 1.098 0.339 0.520 0.077 0.093 1.482

112 10  Kenya 4.553 0.197 0.560 1.068 0.310 0.453 0.445 0.065 1.652

113 NA  Mozambique 4.550 NA 0.234 0.871 0.107 0.481 0.322 0.179 2.356

114 5  Myanmar 4.545 0.150 0.367 1.123 0.398 0.514 0.838 0.189 1.115

115 13  Senegal 4.535 0.316 0.479 1.180 0.409 0.378 0.183 0.115 1.790

116 -10  Zambia 4.514 -0.281 0.636 1.003 0.258 0.462 0.250 0.078 1.827

117 -5  Iraq 4.497 -0.078 1.103 0.979 0.501 0.289 0.200 0.107 1.319

118 16  Gabon 4.465 0.344 1.198 1.156 0.357 0.312 0.044 0.076 1.323

119 -4  Ethiopia 4.460 -0.048 0.339 0.865 0.353 0.409 0.313 0.165 2.016

120 -3  Sri Lanka 4.440 0.025 1.010 1.260 0.625 0.561 0.491 0.074 0.419

121 0  Armenia 4.376 0.016 0.901 1.007 0.638 0.198 0.083 0.027 1.521

122 -4  India 4.315 -0.089 0.792 0.754 0.455 0.470 0.232 0.092 1.519

123 7  Mauritania 4.292 0.091 0.648 1.272 0.285 0.096 0.202 0.137 1.652

124 1  Congo (Brazzaville) 4.291 0.019 0.809 0.832 0.290 0.435 0.121 0.080 1.724

125 1  Georgia 4.286 0.034 0.951 0.571 0.650 0.309 0.054 0.252 1.500

126 1  Congo (Kinshasa) 4.280 0.044 0.092 1.229 0.191 0.236 0.246 0.060 2.225

127 8  Mali 4.190 0.117 0.476 1.281 0.169 0.307 0.183 0.105 1.668

128 11  Ivory Coast 4.180 0.264 0.603 0.905 0.049 0.448 0.201 0.130 1.845

129 11  Cambodia 4.168 0.261 0.602 1.006 0.430 0.633 0.386 0.068 1.043

130 3  Sudan 4.139 0.000 0.660 1.214 0.291 0.015 0.182 0.090 1.687

131 -7  Ghana 4.120 -0.156 0.667 0.874 0.296 0.423 0.257 0.025 1.578

132 -9  Ukraine 4.096 -0.228 0.895 1.395 0.576 0.123 0.270 0.023 0.814

133 13  Uganda 4.081 0.342 0.381 1.130 0.218 0.443 0.326 0.057 1.526

134 11  Burkina Faso 4.032 0.293 0.350 1.043 0.216 0.324 0.251 0.120 1.727

135 7  Niger 4.028 0.172 0.162 0.993 0.269 0.364 0.229 0.139 1.874

136 -4  Malawi 3.970 -0.186 0.233 0.513 0.315 0.467 0.287 0.073 2.082

137 7  Chad 3.936 0.173 0.438 0.954 0.041 0.162 0.216 0.054 2.071

138 -7  Zimbabwe 3.875 -0.318 0.376 1.083 0.197 0.336 0.189 0.095 1.598

139 NA  Lesotho 3.808 NA 0.521 1.190 0.000 0.391 0.157 0.119 1.430

140 1  Angola 3.795 -0.071 0.858 1.104 0.050 0.000 0.098 0.070 1.614

141 13  Afghanistan 3.794 0.434 0.401 0.582 0.181 0.106 0.312 0.061 2.151

142 -5  Botswana 3.766 -0.208 1.122 1.222 0.342 0.505 0.099 0.099 0.378

143 10  Benin 3.657 0.173 0.431 0.435 0.210 0.426 0.208 0.061 1.886

144 4  Madagascar 3.644 -0.051 0.306 0.913 0.375 0.189 0.209 0.067 1.585

145 -9  Haiti 3.603 -0.425 0.369 0.640 0.277 0.030 0.489 0.100 1.697

146 1  Yemen 3.593 -0.131 0.592 0.935 0.310 0.249 0.104 0.057 1.346

147 -4  South Sudan 3.591 -0.241 0.397 0.601 0.163 0.147 0.286 0.117 1.880

148 2  Liberia 3.533 -0.089 0.119 0.872 0.230 0.333 0.267 0.039 1.673

149 2  Guinea 3.507 -0.100 0.245 0.791 0.194 0.349 0.265 0.111 1.552

150 5  Togo 3.495 0.192 0.305 0.432 0.247 0.380 0.197 0.096 1.837

151 1  Rwanda 3.471 -0.044 0.369 0.946 0.326 0.582 0.253 0.455 0.540

152 4  Syria 3.462 0.393 0.777 0.396 0.501 0.082 0.494 0.151 1.062

153 -4  Tanzania 3.349 -0.317 0.511 1.042 0.365 0.390 0.354 0.066 0.621

154 3  Burundi 2.905 0.000 0.092 0.630 0.152 0.060 0.204 0.084 1.683

155 NA  Central African Republic 2.693 NA 0.000 0.000 0.019 0.271 0.281 0.057 2.066

2013-2015 averaged ranking[edit]

Table

Legend: [43]

  Explained by: GDP per capita   Explained by: Social support   Explained by: Healthy life expectancy

  Explained by: Freedom to make life choices   Explained by: Generosity   Trust or absence of corruption, as explained by the publicly perceived absence of corruption in government and business[44] Italics: States with limited recognition and disputed territories

Overall Rank [45][46] Country Score Change Over Prior Year GDP per capita Social support Healthy life expectancy Freedom to make life choices Generosity Trust

1  Denmark 7.526 -0.401

2   Switzerland 7.509 0.035

3  Iceland 7.501 0.000

4  Norway 7.498 0.082

5  Finland 7.413 -0.259

6  Canada 7.404 -0.041

7  Netherlands 7.339 -0.119

8  New Zealand 7.334 -0.097

9  Australia 7.313 0.002

10  Sweden 7.291 -0.017

11  Israel 7.267 0.258

12  Austria 7.119 -0.003

13  United States 7.104 -0.261

14  Costa Rica 7.087 -0.171

15  Puerto Rico 7.039 0.446

16  Germany 6.994 0.486

17  Brazil 6.952 0.474

18  Belgium 6.929 -0.311

19  Ireland 6.907 -0.238

20  Luxembourg 6.871 0.000

21  Mexico 6.778 0.225

22  Singapore 6.739 0.099

23  United Kingdom 6.725 -0.161

24  Chile 6.705 0.826

25  Panama 6.701 0.191

26  Argentina 6.650 0.457

27  Czech Republic 6.596 0.126

28  United Arab Emirates 6.573 -0.161

29  Uruguay 6.545 0.804

30  Malta 6.488 0.000

31  Colombia 6.481 0.399

32  France 6.478 -0.336

33  Thailand 6.474 0.631

34  Saudi Arabia 6.379 -0.794

35  Taiwan 6.379 0.190

36  Qatar 6.375 0.000

37  Spain 6.361 -0.711

38  Algeria 6.355 0.000

39  Guatemala 6.324 0.211

40  Suriname 6.269 0.000

41  Kuwait 6.239 0.164

42  Bahrain 6.218 0.000

43  Trinidad and Tobago 6.168 0.336

44  Venezuela 6.084 -0.762

45  Slovakia 6.078 0.814

46  El Salvador 6.068 0.572

47  Malaysia 6.005 -0.132

48  Nicaragua 5.992 1.285

49  Uzbekistan 5.987 0.755

50  Italy 5.977 -0.735

51  Ecuador 5.976 0.966

52  Belize 5.956 -0.495

53  Japan 5.921 -0.446

54  Kazakhstan 5.919 0.322

55  Moldova 5.897 0.959

56  Russia 5.856 0.738

57  Poland 5.835 0.098

58  South Korea 5.835 0.295

59  Bolivia 5.822 0.322

60  Lithuania 5.813 -0.069

61  Belarus 5.802 0.165

62  Northern Cyprus 5.771 0.000

63  Slovenia 5.768 -0.044

64  Peru 5.743 0.730

65  Turkmenistan 5.658 0.000

66  Mauritius 5.648 0.000

67  Libya 5.615 0.000

68  Latvia 5.560 0.872

69  Cyprus 5.546 -0.692

70  Paraguay 5.538 0.536

71  Romania 5.528 0.310

72  Estonia 5.517 0.165

73  Jamaica 5.510 -0.698

74  Croatia 5.488 -0.333

75  Hong Kong 5.458 -0.053

76  Somalia 5.440 0.000

77 Kosovo
Kosovo
[Note 4] 5.401 0.298

78  Turkey 5.389 0.216

79  Indonesia 5.314 0.295

80  Jordan 5.303 -0.638

81  Azerbaijan 5.291 0.642

82  Philippines 5.279 0.425

83  People's Republic of China 5.245 0.525

84  Bhutan 5.196 0.000

85  Kyrgyzstan 5.185 0.515

86  Serbia 5.177 0.426

87  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.163 0.263

88  Montenegro 5.161 -0.035

89  Dominican Republic 5.155 0.070

90  Morocco 5.151 0.000

91  Hungary 5.145 0.070

92  Pakistan 5.132 -0.374

93  Lebanon 5.129 0.059

94  Portugal 5.123 -0.282

95  Macedonia 5.121 0.627

96  Vietnam 5.061 -0.299

97 Somaliland
Somaliland
region 5.057 0.000

98  Tunisia 5.045 0.000

99  Greece 5.033 -1.294

100  Tajikistan 4.996 0.474

101  Mongolia 4.907 0.298

102  Laos 4.876 -0.344

103  Nigeria 4.875 0.075

104  Honduras 4.871 -0.375

105  Iran 4.813 -0.507

106  Zambia 4.795 0.381

107    Nepal 4.793 0.135

108 Palestinian Territories[Note 5] 4.754 0.321

109  Albania 4.655 0.021

110  Bangladesh 4.643 0.170

111  Sierra Leone 4.635 1.028

112  Iraq 4.575 0.000

113  Namibia 4.574 -0.312

114  Cameroon 4.513 0.413

115  Ethiopia 4.508 0.000

116  South Africa 4.459 -0.686

117  Sri Lanka 4.415 0.037

118  India 4.404 -0.750

119  Myanmar 4.395 0.000

120  Egypt 4.362 -0.996

121  Armenia 4.360 -0.226

122  Kenya 4.356 -0.044

123  Ukraine 4.324 -0.701

124  Ghana 4.276 -0.600

125  Republic of the Congo 4.272 0.000

126  Georgia 4.252 0.561

127  Democratic Republic of the Congo 4.236 0.000

128  Senegal 4.219 -0.328

129  Bulgaria 4.217 0.373

130  Mauritania 4.201 0.052

131  Zimbabwe 4.193 0.639

132  Malawi 4.156 -0.205

133  Sudan 4.139 0.000

134  Gabon 4.121 0.000

135  Mali 4.073 0.059

136  Haiti 4.028 0.274

137  Botswana 3.974 -0.765

138  Comoros 3.956 0.000

139  Ivory Coast 3.916 0.000

140  Cambodia 3.907 0.045

141  Angola 3.866 0.000

142  Niger 3.856 -0.144

143  South Sudan 3.832 0.000

144  Chad 3.763 -0.025

145  Burkina Faso 3.739 -0.170

146  Uganda 3.739 -0.356

147  Yemen 3.724 -0.754

148  Madagascar 3.695 -0.285

149  Tanzania 3.666 -0.460

150  Liberia 3.622 -0.080

151  Guinea 3.607 0.000

152  Rwanda 3.515 -0.700

153  Benin 3.484 0.154

154  Afghanistan 3.360 0.000

155  Togo 3.303 0.100

156  Syria 3.069 0.000

157  Burundi 2.905 0.000

Criticism[edit] See also[edit]

Bhutan
Bhutan
GNH Index Broad measures of economic progress Disability-adjusted life year Economics Green national product Gender-related Development Index Genuine Progress Indicator Gross National Happiness Gross National Well-being Happiness
Happiness
economics Happy Planet Index Human Development Index International Happiness
Happiness
Day Progress (history) Progressive utilization theory Legatum Prosperity Index Leisure satisfaction Law of Social Cycle Money-rich, time-poor OECD
OECD
Better Life Index Post-materialism Psychometrics Subjective life satisfaction Where-to-be-born Index Wikiprogress World
World
Values Survey The What Works Centre for Wellbeing

Notes[edit]

^ Score not included in the original report, but was attained by adding up Europe's scores and then dividing for an average: 6.08044. ^ Score not included in the original report, but was attained by adding up all the scores and then dividing for an average: 5.3053935483871. ^ Score not included in the original report, but just added up all the scores and divided for an average: 4.9592. ^ Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations
United Nations
member states. ^ See the following on statehood criteria:

Mendes, Errol (30 March 2010). "Statehood and Palestine for the purposes of Article 12 (3) of the ICC Statute" (PDF). 30 March 2010: 28, 33. Retrieved 2011-04-17:  "...the Palestinian State also meets the traditional criteria under the Montevideo Convention..."; "...the fact that a majority of states have recognised Palestine as a State should easily fulfill the requisite state practice". McKinney, Kathryn M. (1994). "The Legal Effects of the Israeli-PLO Declaration ofPrinciples: Steps Toward Statehood for Palestine". Seattle University Law Review. Seattle University. 18 (93): 97. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2011-04-17:  "It is possible, however, to argue for Palestinian statehood based on the constitutive theory". McDonald, Avril (Spring 2009). "Operation Cast Lead: Drawing the Battle Lines of the Legal Dispute". Human Rights Brief. Washington College of Law, Center for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law. 25. Retrieved 2011-04-17:  "Whether one applies the criteria of statehood set out in the Montevideo Convention or the more widely accepted constitutive theory of statehood, Palestine might be considered a state."

References[edit]

^ " World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report homepage".  ^ "Jan-Emmanuel De Neve, Associate Professor of Economics
Economics
and Strategy". University of Oxford, SAID Business School.  ^ "People Collection - Haifang Huang, Ph.D." University of Alberta.  ^ "Shun Wang, Assistant Professor at the School of Public Policy and Management, Korea Development Institute". VOX CEPR Policy Portal voxeu.org/.  ^ "Martine Durand" (PDF). OECD.org.  ^ "Nicole Fortin Professor CIFAR, SIIWB program, Senior FellowIZA, Research Fellow". University of British Columbia School of Economics economics.ubc.ca.  ^ "Jon Hall Head of Unit". UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME Human Development Programme.  ^ "Valerie Møller". The Pursuit of Human Well-being
Well-being
miqols.org.  ^ "Happiness : towards a holistic approach to development : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly". UN DAG Repository.  ^ "Defining a New Economic Paradigm: The Report of the High-Level Meeting on Wellbeing and Happiness". UN Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform.  ^ "GNH Survey 2010" (PDF). The Centre for Bhutan
Bhutan
Studies. Retrieved 17 October 2013.  ^ "Defining a New Economic Paradigm: The Report of the High-Level Meeting on Wellbeing and Happiness". Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform.  ^ Helliwell, John; Layard, Richard; Sachs, Jeffrey (April 2, 2012). " World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report" (PDF). Columbia University Earth Institute. Retrieved 2014-06-29.  ^ Kyu Lee (2013-09-09). "Sustainable Development Solutions Network World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report 2013". unsdsn.org. Retrieved 2014-04-25.  ^ " World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report".  ^ Astor, Maggie (March 14, 2018). "Want to Be Happy? Try Moving to Finland". The New York Times. Retrieved March 14, 2018.  ^ Pullella, Philip (March 14, 2018). " Finland
Finland
Is World's Happiest Country, U.S. Discontent Grows: U.N. Report". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved March 14, 2018.  ^ " Methodology - How Does the Gallup World
World
Poll Work?". www.gallup.com.  ^ " World
World
Poll Questions - Gallup" (PDF).  ^ "This is the world's happiest country". CNN Travel. 2018-03-14. Retrieved 2018-03-14.  ^ "Why Happiness?". Action for Happiness.  ^ "Faculty of Economics
Economics
- Dr Luisa Corrado". University of Cambridge.  ^ "Luca Stanca University of Milan , Milano · Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods DEMM". Research Gate.  ^ "Luca Crivelli - Biography". Università della Svizzera italiana.  ^ "Happiness : towards a holistic approach to development : resolution / adopted by the General Assembly".  ^ "Defining a New Economic Paradigm: The Report of the High-Level Meeting on Wellbeing and Happiness".  ^ "2015 GNH Survey Report". Center for Bhutan
Bhutan
Studies.  ^ "Dr. Ann Hagell". Nuffield Foundation.  ^ "Leonardo Becchetti, Professore Ordinario". University of Rome "Tor Vergata".  ^ " OECD
OECD
Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being". March 20, 2013.  ^ "Jon Hall - Head of Unit United Nations
United Nations
Development Programme".  ^ "Defining a New Economic Paradigm: The Report of the High-Level Meeting on Wellbeing and Happiness". 2012.  ^ "Shun Wang -Assistant Professor at the School of Public Policy and Management, Korea Development Institute". voxeu.org/.  ^ "Welcome to the World Values Survey site".  ^ "Staff Biography Dr. Andrew Clark". Center for Economic Performance.  ^ "Claudia Senik". Economics
Economics
Serving Society.  ^ "Karma Ura". Royal Institute for Governance and Strategic Studies.  ^ "Sabina Alkire". Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative.  ^ "Well-being". Office for National Statistics.  ^ "Welcome to the Office for National Statistics".  ^ OECD. " OECD
OECD
Guidelines on Measuring Subjective Well-being".  ^ Helliwell, J.; Layard, R.; Sachs, J. (2017). World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report 2017. New York: Sustainable Development Solutions Network. ISBN 978-0-9968513-5-0.  ^ " World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report 2016 Update". UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network; Earth Institute (University of Columbia). pp. 20–21–22. Archived from the original on 17 Mar 2016. Retrieved 20 Mar 2016.  ^ "Chapter 2: The Distribution of World
World
Happiness", World
World
Happiness Report 2016 Update (PDF), p. 4, para. 1, retrieved 20 Mar 2016  ^ "2016 Update Report download" (PDF). Retrieved 20 Mar 2016.  ^ 2016 Table download (XLS), Figure2.2, retrieved 20 Mar 2016 

External links[edit]

Official website Sustainable Development Solutions Network The Guardian Map of changes of happiness index points in Europe
Europe
between 2005 and 2016

v t e

Lists of countries by quality of life rankings

General

Life expectancy

in Europe

World
World
Happiness
Happiness
Report Happy Planet Index Human Development Index

by country inequality-adjusted

Legatum Prosperity Index Good Country Index Satisfaction with Life Index Where-to-be-born Index

Economic

Net take-home pay Job security Long-term unemployment rate Home ownership rate Smartphone ownership rate

Environment

Environmental Performance Index Environmental Vulnerability Index Natural disaster
Natural disaster
risk

Health

Cancer rate Health
Health
care quality Health
Health
expenditure covered by government Hospital beds Risk of death from non-communicable disease Teenage pregnancy rate

Social/Political

Government transparency Global Slavery Index Global Terrorism Index Global Competitiveness Index Social Progress Index Time devoted to leisure and personal care Women's average years in school

List of international rankings List of top international rankings by countr

.