HOME
ListMoto - Winterthur


--- Advertisement ---



Winterthur
Winterthur
(/ˈvɪntərtʊər/, German pronunciation: [ˈvɪntɐtuːɐ̯]; French: Winterthour) is a city in the canton of Zürich
Zürich
in northern Switzerland. It has the country's sixth-largest population, estimated at over 108,000 people, and the ninth largest agglomeration with about 138,000 inhabitants.[3] Today Winterthur
Winterthur
is a service and high-tech industry centre, but many people make use of its proximity to Zürich, which lies approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) to the south-west, and only 22 minutes by train. The official language of Winterthur
Winterthur
is (the Swiss variety of Standard) German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect. In the local dialect and by its inhabitants, Winterthur
Winterthur
is usually abbreviated as Winti. Winterthur
Winterthur
is connected to Germany
Germany
by direct trains and enjoys links to Zürich
Zürich
Airport. It is also a regional transport hub: the A1 motorway from Geneva
Geneva
through to St. Margrethen
St. Margrethen
connects in Winterthur with the A4 motorway heading north toward Schaffhausen
Schaffhausen
and the A7 motorway heading close to the Swiss-German border at Kreuzlingen. There are also roads leading to other places such as Turbenthal. The railway station Bahnhof Winterthur
Bahnhof Winterthur
is one of the busiest railway stations in Switzerland.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Topography

3 Demographics 4 Politics 5 Economy 6 Education 7 Transport 8 Culture

8.1 Music 8.2 Arts

8.2.1 Open Doors

9 Sport 10 International relations

10.1 Twin towns – sister cities 10.2 Namesake

11 Tourism 12 Notable people 13 Sons and daughters of the town

13.1 1800–1850 13.2 1851 to 1900 13.3 Born from 1901 to 1950

14 References 15 External links

History[edit] Vitudurum
Vitudurum
was a vicus in what is now Oberwinterthur
Oberwinterthur
during the Roman era (1st century BC to 3rd century AD), fortified into a castrum at the end of the 3rd century, apparently in reaction to the incipient Alamannic invasion. An Alamannic settlement was present at the site in the 7th century. In a battle near Winterthur
Winterthur
in 919, Burchard II of Swabia asserted his control over the Thurgau within the Duchy of Swabia
Duchy of Swabia
against the claims of Rudolph II of Burgundy. The counts of Winterthur, a cadet branch of the counts of Bregenz, built Kyburg castle
Kyburg castle
in the 10th century. With the extinction of the counts of Winterthur
Winterthur
in 1053, the castle passed to the counts of Dillingen. Winterthur
Winterthur
as a city (presumably on the site of a pre-existing village) was founded by Hartmann III of Dillingen in 1180, shortly before his death in the same year. From 1180 to 1263, Winterthur
Winterthur
was ruled by the cadet line of the House of Kyburg. When the counts of Kyburg were in turn extinct in the male line in 1263, Winterthur
Winterthur
passed to the House of Habsburg, who established a comital line of Neu-Kyburg in 1264 and granted city rights to Winterthur
Winterthur
in the same year.[4] From 1415 until 1442 Winterthur
Winterthur
became reichsfrei or subject only to the Holy Roman Emperor. However, in the Old Zürich War
Old Zürich War
they lost this freedom and came back under the control of the Austrian Habsburgs. Needing money, in 1467, the Habsburgs sold Winterthur
Winterthur
to the city of Zürich.

Winterthur
Winterthur
in 1642

In the time under the leadership of Zürich, Winterthur's economic freedom was restricted. It lost many of their market rights and the right to trade in some goods. This ended in 1798, when Napoleonic troops liberated the town. On 27 May 1799, it was the site of the Battle of Winterthur
Winterthur
between elements of the French Army of the Danube and the elements of the Habsburg army, commanded by Friedrich, Baron von Hotze during the War of the Second Coalition, in the French Revolutionary Wars. Because Winterthur
Winterthur
lies near Zürich
Zürich
and at the junction of seven cross-roads; the army that held the town held the access to most of Switzerland
Switzerland
and points crossing the Rhine
Rhine
into southern Germany. Although the forces involved were small, the ability of the Austrians to sustain an 11-hour assault against the French line, on the plateau north of Zürich, resulted in the consolidation of three Austrian forces. This led to the French defeat a few days later.

Early-1850's bird's-eye view.

In the 19th century, Winterthur
Winterthur
became an industrial town when companies, like Sulzer, Rieter
Rieter
and SLM, built large industrial plants. Winterthur
Winterthur
suffered severely from its investments in and guarantee of loans to the National Railway of Switzerland
Switzerland
(a private enterprise). In 1878, Winterthur
Winterthur
had to sell its shares in the line, and from 1881 to 1885 it was in great difficulties in the matter of a loan of nine million francs guaranteed in 1874 by the town, together with three others in Aargau, to the enterprise. As the three co-guarantor towns were unable to pay their share, the whole burden fell on Winterthur, which struggled to meet its liabilities, and was helped by large loans from the cantonal and federal governments.[5] The Great Depression, in the 1930s, hit Winterthur
Winterthur
extremely hard. 60% of the total employees in town worked in the machine industry. Jobs became extremely hard to find. However, with the outbreak of World War II, industry grew again in the city. In 2008, Winterthur
Winterthur
reached 100,000 inhabitants in the city. Geography[edit] Topography[edit]

May 2011 aerial view of Winterthur

Winterthur
Winterthur
is located at an elevation of 439 meters (1,440 ft). The city is located in a basin south and east of the Töss
Töss
river. The Eulach, a little river, flows in the middle by the city, because of this the town is called "Eulach-City". Zürich
Zürich
lies about 30 km (19 mi) southwest of Winterthur. Winterthur
Winterthur
has an area of 68.1 km2 (26.3 sq mi). Of this area, 27% is used for agricultural purposes, while 41.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 30.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (0.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[6] In 1996[update] housing and buildings made up 21.9% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (9%).[7] Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 0.6% of the area. As of 2007[update], 27.6% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.[7] Demographics[edit]

Significant minority groups

Nationality Population (2015)[8]

 Germany 4,942

 Italy 4,577

 Macedonia 2,032

 Turkey 1,849

 Kosovo 1,439

 Serbia 1,285

 Portugal 1,049

As of July 2008[update] the population of Winterthur
Winterthur
is 100,000.[9] More recently (as of 31 December 2016) the population was 109,775.[2] As of 2007[update] 23.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[10] As of 2008[update] the gender distribution of the population was 48.6% male and 51.4% female. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 10.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (83.0%), with Italian being second most common (4.9%) and Albanian being third (2.0%). The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 20.9% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 62.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 16.5%.[6] There are 42028 households in Winterthur.[7] As of 2008[update] there were 26,995 Catholics (26.7% of the population) and 37,327 Swiss Reformed Church
Swiss Reformed Church
members in Winterthur. Of the other Christian faiths, 326 (0.3%) were Lutheran, 203 (0.2%) were Christian Catholic, 3141 (3.1%) are some type of Christian Orthodox and 3,132 (3.1%) are another Christian faith. Of the rest of the population, 11,608 (11.5%) were Muslim, 108 (0.1%) were Jewish, 1,359 (1.3%) belonged to another non-Christian faith and 16,779 (16.6%) were atheist or agnostic or did not belong to any organized faith.[10] Politics[edit]

City
City
hall, designed by architect Gottfried Semper

The "Stadtrat", the local executive council, has 7 members, elected by the citizens of Winterthur
Winterthur
every four years. In the 2014–2018 Stadtrat, there are two Social Democratic Party (SP) members, two from the FDP, and one each from the Greens, the Swiss People's Party
Swiss People's Party
(SVP) and the CVP.[11] The legislative, "Grosser Gemeinderat" (large community council), has sixty members. In the 2014 elections, eleven parties made it into the council, with the SP (15 seats) and SVP (13 seats) forming the two largest groups.[11] In the 2011, federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 22.5% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (21.8%), the Green Liberals (11.1%) and the Green Party (10.1%). Economy[edit]

Street in the old town

Economically, Winterthur
Winterthur
was one of the homes of Switzerland's rail industry and an industrial centre. The rail industry and other heavy industry have largely disappeared. Amongst the most significant companies was Sulzer Brothers, today's Sulzer Ltd., Sulzer AG, commonly abbreviated to Sulzer. Textile production declined even earlier on. Also the Rieter
Rieter
company comes from Winterthur. Switzerland's largest bank, and one of the world's large banks, Union Bank of Switzerland
Switzerland
(UBS), since 1998 UBS AG, was also founded in Winterthur. The Landbote
Landbote
newspaper is situated in Winterthur, and also serves as Winterthurer Stadtanzeiger, the official publication organ of the city of Winterthur. Peraves, the manufacturer of the fully enclosed "cabin motorcycle" named the Monotracer, predated by an earlier model named the Ecomobile, has been manufacturing the unusual vehicles since the early 1980s. In 2010, Peraves won the Progressive Insurance Automotive X-Prize with an electric powered version of the Monotracer. Among other commercial organizations, Winterthur
Winterthur
was home to Switzerland's largest insurance business " Winterthur
Winterthur
Insurance". Until 2006, the company was the largest in Switzerland
Switzerland
and was in Europe's top 10. On 1 January 2007 the Winterthur
Winterthur
company was officially acquired by the French AXA
AXA
group and is now known as AXA
AXA
Winterthur. Winterthur
Winterthur
has an unemployment rate of 3.13%. As of 2005[update], there were 594 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 97 businesses involved in this sector; 11603 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 717 businesses in this sector; 39982 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3570 businesses in this sector.[6] As of 2007[update] 47.9% of the working population were employed full-time, and 52.1% were employed part-time.[7] Note that in Switzerland
Switzerland
"part-time" refers to anything less than full-time, for example 80% of working hours. Education[edit] In Winterthur, about 70.7% of the population (between ages 25 and 64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[6] The town is renowned for its institute of higher education Technikum, which is the largest school of technology in Switzerland. The institute has recently teamed up with schools from Zürich
Zürich
and is now known as Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften
Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften
(ZHAW). The headquarters of the Club Of Rome are located in Winterthur. SIS Swiss International School
SIS Swiss International School
maintains a campus in Winterthur. International School Winterthur, formerly located in Winterthur, closed in 2015. Transport[edit]

Bahnhof Winterthur

Main article: Bahnhof Winterthur Bahnhof Winterthur, the central station, is one of the busiest stations on the Swiss Railway Network with 122,000 passengers a day. As the town is close to Zürich, it is served by many trains on the local Zürich
Zürich
S-Bahn network. EuroCity
EuroCity
services to Munich
Munich
and regional trains to St. Gallen, Konstanz
Konstanz
or Romanshorn
Romanshorn
also serve the station. As well as the Hauptbahnhof, there are nine more stations within the city, called Oberwinterthur, Seen, Grüze, Töss, Hegi, Reutlingen, Wülflingen, Wallrüti and Sennhof-Kyburg. The local public transport is run by STADTBUS Winterthur
Winterthur
with twelve town bus lines, including the Winterthur
Winterthur
trolleybus system, and five regional bus lines. Culture[edit] Music[edit] Winterthur's chamber orchestra Orchester Musikkollegium Winterthur is the oldest orchestra in Switzerland, and also plays at the Zürich Opera. Between 1922 and 1950, the philanthropist Werner Reinhart and the conductor Hermann Scherchen
Hermann Scherchen
played a leading role in shaping the musical life of Winterthur, with numerous premiere performances emphasizing contemporary music.[12] The city hall Stadthaus, in which the concerts of the Musikkollegium take place, was built by Gottfried Semper. Musikfestwochen, in late August and early September, sees Winterthur’s Old Town taken over for live music of all kinds, in the street and bars as well as in concert venues.

The city church of Winterthur, a local landmark

The "Albanifest", the largest annual festival in a historic town in Switzerland, is named after St Alban, one of the city's four saints, is held here, over three days in late June every year. Although a recent creation, the festival celebrates the granting of a charter to the town in 1264 by Rudolf of Habsburg on 22 June of that year, which happened to be the saint's day. The church of St. Laurenz in the city centre dates from 1264, the town hall was built in 1781, the assembly hall in 1865. In 1989, Winterthur
Winterthur
received the Wakker Prize for the development and preservation of its architectural heritage. The Swiss folk metal band Eluveitie
Eluveitie
was formed in Winterthur
Winterthur
and the Punkabilly
Punkabilly
band The Peacocks comes from here. Arts[edit] Open Doors[edit] Open Doors is an artist supported platform for artists with art studios in Winterthur, Switzerland. The platform was established to bridge arts and the community as well as provide the artists with means to independently promote their art in any way they choose. Open Doors takes place annually during the last weekend of September. Participating artists open their studios to the public and present their art to the public. Oftentimes it is possible to view the artists while they are working. Among the approximate 60 artists who participate there are local, international, autodidacts and art academy graduates. Open Doors Winterthur
Winterthur
was founded in 2008 by San Francisco born artist Michelle Bird and resident of Winterthur. Open Doors Winterthur
Winterthur
publishes the annual MAP Magazine Artist Professionals which is available on line and in print form. MAP Magazine features articles about local art initiatives and profiles local artists and their art studios. The event is supported by a map that indicates the location of each artist’s studio on a map. Sport[edit] EHC Winterthur
Winterthur
is the city's main hockey team which currently plays in the Swiss League
Swiss League
(SL), the second-highest ice hockey league in Switzerland. Their arena is the 3,000-seat Deutweg Arena. FC Winterthur
FC Winterthur
are the city's football club and currently play in the Swiss Challenge League. They play at the Stadion Schützenwiese. In April 2011, the 2011 IIHF Women's World Championship
2011 IIHF Women's World Championship
top division were held at Deutweg rink and at Hallenstadion
Hallenstadion
ice rink hockey arena (in Zürich). International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Switzerland Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Winterthur
Winterthur
is twinned with:[13]

Yverdon-les-Bains, Switzerland[14] La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland Pilsen, Czech Republic Hall in Tirol, Austria

Namesake[edit] The community of Winterthur
Winterthur
in Delaware, USA, is named after the city. Tourism[edit] Winterthur
Winterthur
is not high on the list of tourist destinations in Switzerland. As a result, it does not offer a wide range of hotels to choose from. As it is relatively easy to reach from Zürich
Zürich
by public transport, tourists who do visit Winterthur, often stay in Zürich. Nevertheless, Winterthur
Winterthur
is mentioned in most tourist guides for its numerous museums, many of which offer world class art, among them of the Gottfried Keller Stiftung. The most famous are:

Oskar Reinhart Collection 'Am Römerholz' Oskar Reinhart Collection am Stadtgarten Kunstmuseum Winterthur Villa Flora Fotomuseum Winterthur Swiss Science Center Technorama

The Winterthur
Winterthur
Museum of Art

Technorama

Notable people[edit]

Henrik Haggenmacher
Henrik Haggenmacher
(1827–1917), Swiss-born Hungarian industrialist, business magnate, philanthropist and investor Marlies Bänziger
Marlies Bänziger
(born 1960), Swiss politician Willy Bretscher (1897–1992), newspaper writer and editor Martin Buser
Martin Buser
(born 1958), Swiss dog musher, 4-time Iditarod champion Chantal Galladé
Chantal Galladé
(born 1972), Swiss politician Viktor Giacobbo
Viktor Giacobbo
(born 1952), Swiss writer, comedian and actor Mirco Müller (born 1995), Swiss ice hockey player, currently playing for the New Jersey Devils Sigmund Widmer
Sigmund Widmer
(1919–2003), Swiss politician, historian and writer, University of Zürich
Zürich
faculty Joan Gamper
Joan Gamper
(1877–1930), Swiss football pioneer, versatile athlete and club president.

Sons and daughters of the town[edit] 1800–1850[edit]

Jonas Furrer
Jonas Furrer
1850

Jonas Furrer
Jonas Furrer
(1805–1861), politician, first Federal President of Switzerland David Eduard Steiner
David Eduard Steiner
(1811–1860), painter, eraser and lithographer Konrad Grob
Konrad Grob
(1828–1904), lithographer and painter

1851 to 1900[edit]

Charles Eugene Lancelot Brown
Charles Eugene Lancelot Brown
around 1900

Charles E. L. Brown (1863–1924), machine designer, co-founder (Brown, Boveri & Cie) Heinrich Wölfflin
Heinrich Wölfflin
(1864–1945), art historian Alfred Ernst
Alfred Ernst
(1875–1968), botanist Hans Gamper
Hans Gamper
(1877–1930), sportsman and founder of FC Barcelona Ernst Wetter (1877–1963), politician Alfred Büchi (1879–1959), inventor of the exhaust gas turbocharger Albert Thellung (1881–1928), botanist Werner Reinhart (1884–1951), industrialist and patron Oskar Reinhart (1885–1965), art collectors and patrons Emil Brunner (1889–1966), a reformed theologian Jakob Flach (1894–1982), writer, puppeteer and painter Willy Bretscher (1897–1992), journalist

Born from 1901 to 1950[edit]

Georges Miez
Georges Miez
(1904–1999), gymnast Willy Hess (composer) (1906–1997), musicologist and composer Albert Büchi (1907–1988), cyclist Max Bill
Max Bill
(1908–1994), architect, artist and designer Warja Lavater
Warja Lavater
(1913–2007), graphic artist and illustrator Werner Weber (1919–2005), literary critic, writer and translator Rudolf Friedrich
Rudolf Friedrich
(1923–2013), lawyer and politician Walter Gross (1924–1999), lyric poet Peter Frei (1925–2010), ancient historian Georg Gerster (born 1928), journalist, pioneer of flight photography Bruno Hunziker (1930–2000), politician, parliamentarian and economic attorney Richard R. Ernst (born 1933), chemist (Nobel Prize Laureate 1991) Ursula Bagdasarjanz
Ursula Bagdasarjanz
(born 1934), violinist Hannes Keller
Hannes Keller
(born 1934), computer pioneer, entrepreneur, diving pioneer and amateur pianist Niklaus Wirth
Niklaus Wirth
(born 1934), computer scientist Oscar Fritschi (1939–2016), politician Michael Gempart (born 1941), actor Markus Imhoof (born 1941), film director and screenwriter Hans-Ulrich Brunner (1943–2006), painter Beat Raaflaub (born 1946), conductor Jürg Amann
Jürg Amann
(1947–2013), writer

References[edit]

^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017 ^ "Städtische Bevölkerung: Agglomerationen und isolierte Städte" (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 26 August 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.  ^ Ernst Theodor Gaupp: Deutsche Stadtrechte im Mittelalter, mit rechtsgeschichtlichen Erläuterungen. Erster Band: Die Stadtrechte von Straßburg, Hagenau, Molsheim, Colmar, Annweiler, Winterthur, Landshut in Bayern, Regensburg, Nürnberg, Eger, Eisenach und Altenburg. Breslau 1851, S. 129–147, online (in German) ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Winterthur". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.  ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office Retrieved 14 Aug 2009 ^ a b c d Statistics Zürich
Zürich
(in German) Retrieved 4 August 2009 ^ Federal Statistical Office – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (Land) accessed 31 October 2016 ^ Neue Zürcher Zeitung 4 July 2008 edition (in German) Retrieved 14 August 2009 ^ a b Winterthur
Winterthur
In Zahlen 2009 (in German) Retrieved 8 December 2009 ^ a b Official Webpage of Winterthur
Winterthur
(in German) Retrieved 7 August 2014. ^ Musikkollegium website Archived 29 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Partnerstädte" (official site) (in German). Winterthur, Switzerland: Stadt Winterthur. 2016. Retrieved 2016-09-30.  ^ "Association Suisse des Communes et Régions d'Europe". L'Association suisse pour le Conseil des Communes et Régions d'Europe (ASCCRE) (in French). Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Winterthur.

Official Webpage of Winterthur Official Webpage Economic Development Region of Winterthur Tourismusbüro Winterthur Musikkollegium Winterthur Homepage of Winterthur's city Orchestra Official Webpage Open Doors

v t e

Municipalities in the district of Winterthur, Switzerland

Altikon Brütten Dägerlen Dättlikon Dinhard Elgg Ellikon an der Thur Elsau Hagenbuch Hettlingen Neftenbach Pfungen Rickenbach Rikon Schlatt Seuzach Turbenthal Wiesendangen Winterthur Zell

Canton of Zürich Districts of Canton Zürich Municipalities of the canton of Zurich

v t e

Cities in Switzerland
Switzerland
by population

300,000+

Zürich

100,000+

Basel Bern Geneva Lausanne Winterthur

30,000+

Bienne Chur Fribourg Köniz La Chaux-de-Fonds Lucerne Lugano Neuchâtel St. Gallen Schaffhausen Thun Uster Vernier

15,000+

Aarau Adliswil Allschwil Baar Baden Bellinzona Burgdorf Carouge Dietikon Emmen Frauenfeld Gossau Grenchen Herisau Horgen Kloten Kreuzlingen Kriens Lancy Littau Locarno Meyrin Monthey Montreux Muttenz Nyon Olten Onex Ostermundigen Pratteln Rapperswil-Jona Regensdorf Renens Schwyz Sierre Sion Solothurn Spiez Steffisburg Thalwil Vevey Volketswil Wädenswil Wettingen Wetzikon Wil Yverdon-les-Bains Zollikon Zug

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150027697 LCCN: n50013808 ISNI: 0000 0004 0508 547X GND: 4066337-1 BNF: cb1194640

.