HOME
ListMoto - William Hudson (botanist)


--- Advertisement ---



William Hudson FRS (1730 in Kendal
Kendal
– 23 May 1793) was a British botanist and apothecary based in London.[1] His main work was Flora Anglica, published in 1762. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1761.

Contents

1 Life and work 2 Selected works 3 Notes 4 References 5 Further reading

Life and work[edit] Hudson was born at the White Lion Inn, Kendal, which was kept by his father, between 1730 and 1732. He was educated at Kendal
Kendal
grammar school, and apprenticed to a London
London
apothecary. He obtained the prize for botany given by the Apothecaries' Company, a copy of Ray's Synopsis; but he also paid attention to mollusca and insects. In Pennant's British Zoology he is mentioned as the discoverer of Trochus terrestris.[2][3] From 1757 to 1768 Hudson was resident sub-librarian of the British Museum, and his studies in the Sloane herbarium enabled him to adapt the Linnean nomenclature
Linnean nomenclature
to the plants described by Ray far more accurately than did Sir John Hill in his Flora Britannica of 1760.[4][5] In 1761 Hudson was elected a fellow of the Royal Society, and in the following year appeared the first edition of his Flora Anglica, which, according to Pulteney and Sir J. E. Smith, "marks the establishment of Linnean principles of botany in England." Smith writes that the work was "composed under the auspices and advice of Benjamin Stillingfleet". Hudson, at the time of its publication, was practising as an apothecary in Panton Street, Haymarket, and from 1765 to 1771 acted as 'praefectus horti' to the Apothecaries' Company at Chelsea. A considerably enlarged edition of the Flora appeared in 1778; but in 1783 the author's house in Panton Street took fire, his collections of insects and many of his plants were destroyed, and the inmates narrowly escaped with their lives. Hudson retired to Jermyn Street. In 1791 he joined the newly established Linnean Society. He died in Jermyn Street
Jermyn Street
from paralysis on 23 May 1793, being, according to the Gentleman's Magazine, in his sixtieth year. He bequeathed the remains of his herbarium to the Apothecaries' Company. Linnaeus gave the name Hudsonia
Hudsonia
to a North American genus of Cistaceae. Hudson was buried in St James's Church in Westminster, London.[6] Selected works[edit]

Flora Anglica (1762) –1798 printing

The standard author abbreviation Huds. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.[7] Notes[edit]

^ Davey, F Hamilton (1909). Flora of Cornwall. Penryn: F Chegwidden. pp. xxxiii–xxxiv.  ^ http://www.animalbase.uni-goettingen.de/zooweb/servlet/AnimalBase/home/speciestaxon?id=16928 ^ "Elements of Natural History". 1802. p. 394. Retrieved 18 June 2016.  ^  "Hudson, William (1730?-1793)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.  Almost all of this article is copied from this source. ^ Flora Britanica: sive, Synopsis methodica stirpium Britanicarum […] primum ad celeberrimi Caroli Linnæi methodum disposita. ^ Gorton, John (1851). A General Biographical Dictionary. 2. London: Henry G. Bohn.  ^ IPNI.  Huds. 

References[edit]

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Hudson, William (1730?-1793)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.  Further reading[edit]

Rees' Cyclopaedia article by Sir J. E. Smith Cornelius Nicholson's Annals of Kendal, p. 345 Gentleman's Magazine
Gentleman's Magazine
1793, i. 485 Henry Field and Robert Hunter Semple, Memoirs of the Botanic Garden at Chelsea (1878), p. 88. Trimen and Dyer's Flora of Middlesex, p. 392 Pulteney's Sketches of the Progress of Botany, ii. 351 Bromley's Catalogue of Portraits.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 30316052 LCCN: n82207976 ISNI: 0000 0000 5114 3432 GND: 117539082 SELIBR: 190951 BIBSYS: 2032388 Botanist: Hu

.

Time at 25452832.35, Busy percent: 30
***************** NOT Too Busy at 25452832.35 3../logs/periodic-service_log.txt
1440 = task['interval'];
25454019.85 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
daily-work.php = task['exec'];
25452832.35 Time.

10080 = task['interval'];
25462659.85 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
weekly-work.php = task['exec'];
25452832.35 Time.

30 = task['interval'];
25452851.233333 = task['next-exec'];
25452821.233333 = task['last-exec'];
PeriodicStats.php = task['exec'];
25452832.35 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25454019.85 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
PeriodicBuild.php = task['exec'];
25452832.35 Time.

1440 = task['interval'];
25454019.85 = task['next-exec'];
0 = task['last-exec'];
build-sitemap-xml.php = task['exec'];
25452832.35 Time.

60 = task['interval'];
25452881.15 = task['next-exec'];
25452821.15 = task['last-exec'];
cleanup.php = task['exec'];
25452832.35 Time.

60 = task['interval'];
25452881.416667 = task['next-exec'];
25452821.416667 = task['last-exec'];
parse-contens.php = task['exec'];
25452832.35 Time.