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The WESTERN HEMISPHERE is a geographical term for the half of the earth which lies west of the Prime meridian
Prime meridian
(which crosses Greenwich
Greenwich
, UK ) and east of the antimeridian . The other half is called the Eastern Hemisphere
Eastern Hemisphere
.

In this sense, the Western Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
consists of the Americas
Americas
, the western portions of Eurasia
Eurasia
and Africa
Africa
, the extreme eastern tip of Russia
Russia
, numerous territories in Oceania
Oceania
, and a portion of Antarctica , while excluding some of the Aleutian Islands
Aleutian Islands
to the southwest of the Alaskan mainland.

In an effort to define the Western Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
as the parts of the world which are not part of the Old World
Old World
, there also exist projections which use the 20th meridian west and the diametrically opposed 160th meridian east to define the hemisphere. This projection excludes the European and African mainlands and a small portion of northeast Greenland
Greenland
, but includes more of eastern Russia
Russia
and Oceania.

The center of the Western Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
is located in the Pacific Ocean at the intersection of the 90th meridian west and the equator very close to the Galápagos .

The highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
is Aconcagua
Aconcagua
in the Andes of Argentina
Argentina
at 6,960.8 metres (22,837 ft).

CONTENTS

* 1 Countries in both hemispheres * 2 Countries in the Western Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
but not in the Americas
Americas
* 3 Sources * 4 External links

COUNTRIES IN BOTH HEMISPHERES

Below is a list of the countries which are in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres on the IERS Reference Meridian , in order from north to south:

* Denmark
Denmark
(due to Greenland
Greenland
and the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
; mainland Denmark
Denmark
lies entirely in the Eastern Hemisphere). * Norway
Norway
(due to Jan Mayen ; mainland Norway
Norway
lies entirely in the Eastern Hemisphere). * United Kingdom
United Kingdom
* Netherlands (The islands of the Caribbean Netherlands
Caribbean Netherlands
lie entirely within the Western Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere
while the European Netherlands lies entirely in the Eastern Hemisphere.) * France
France
* Spain
Spain
* Algeria
Algeria
* Mali
Mali
* Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
* Togo
Togo
* Ghana
Ghana

Below is a list of the countries which are in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres along the 180th meridian , in order from north to south:

* Russia
Russia
* United States
United States
( United States
United States
islands ) * Kiribati * Fiji
Fiji
* New Zealand
New Zealand
(Kermadec and Chatham Island groups are east of the 180th meridian)

COUNTRIES IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE BUT NOT IN THE AMERICAS

The following nations lie outside the Americas
Americas
yet are partially or entirely within the Western Hemisphere.

* Algeria
Algeria
* American Samoa ( United States
United States
of America) * Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
* Cape Verde
Cape Verde
* Cook Islands * Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
(Denmark)

* France
France
(Metropolitan )

* French Polynesia
French Polynesia
* Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna

* Gambia
Gambia
* Ghana
Ghana
* Greenland
Greenland
(Denmark) * Guinea
Guinea
* Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
* Iceland
Iceland
* Ireland
Ireland
* Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
* Kiribati * Liberia
Liberia
* Mali
Mali
* Mauritania
Mauritania

* Morocco
Morocco

* Western Sahara
Western Sahara

* Niue * Portugal
Portugal
* Russia
Russia
* Samoa
Samoa
* Senegal
Senegal
* Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
* Spain
Spain
* Togo
Togo
* Tokelau (New Zealand) * Tonga
Tonga

* United Kingdom
United Kingdom

* Gibraltar
Gibraltar
* Guernsey
Guernsey
* Isle of Man
Isle of Man
* Jersey
Jersey
* Pitcairn Islands * Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha * Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands

SOURCES

* ^ Oxford Dictionary of English (2nd ed.), London, UK: Oxford University Press, 2006, p. 2001 - "Western /western%20hemisphere", Merriam Webster's Online Dictionary (based on Collegiate vol., 11th ed.), Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 2006 * ^ "Western Hemisphere", Britannica.com

* ^ Olson, Judy M (1997), "Projecting the hemisphere", in Robinson, Arthur H; Snyder, John P, Matching the map projection to the need, Bethesda, MD: Cartography and Geographic Information Society, American Congress on Surveying and Mapping . - "Western Hemisphere", Merriam-Webster's Geographical Dictionary (3rd ed.), Springfield, Massachusetts: Merriam-Webster, 2001, p. 1294 . * ^ "Informe científico que estudia el Aconcagua, el Coloso de América mide 6960,8 metros" (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional de Cuyo . 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2012.

* ^ "Greenland". Eldey.de. - "Frequently Asked Questions". National Geographic .

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