ListMoto - Victory In Europe Day

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Victory in Europe
Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, was the public holiday celebrated on 8 May 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II
Allies of World War II
of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces. The formal surrender of the German forces occupying the Channel Islands
Channel Islands
did not occur until the following day, 9 May 1945. It thus marked the end of World War II in Europe. The term VE Day existed as early as September 1944,[3] in anticipation of victory. On 30 April 1945, Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leader, committed suicide during the Battle of Berlin. Germany's surrender, therefore, was authorised by his successor, Reichspräsident
Karl Dönitz. The administration headed by Dönitz was known as the Flensburg Government. The act of military surrender was signed on 7 May in Reims, France[4] and on 8 May in Berlin, Germany. The former Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and Eastern Bloc
Eastern Bloc
countries have historically celebrated the end of World War II on 9 May. In Ukraine
since 2015, 8 May is designated as a day of Remembrance and Reconciliation, but it is not a public holiday.[5][6]


1 Celebrations 2 Soviet Victory Day 3 Commemorative public holidays 4 See also 5 References 6 External links


Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
waving to crowds in Whitehall, London
on the day he confirms that the war with Germany was over

Crowds gathering in celebration at Piccadilly Circus, London
during VE Day in 1945

Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel
Wilhelm Keitel
signing the final surrender terms on 8 May 1945 in Berlin

Final positions of the Allied armies, May 1945.

United States military policemen reading about the German surrender in the newspaper Stars and Stripes

Britain remembers the 50th anniversary in 1995 with a Lancaster bomber dropping poppies in front of Buckingham Palace

Upon the defeat of Germany, celebrations erupted throughout the western world. From Moscow
to Los Angeles, people celebrated. In the United Kingdom, more than one million people celebrated in the streets to mark the end of the European part of the war. In London, crowds massed in Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square
and up the Mall to Buckingham Palace, where King George VI
George VI
and Queen Elizabeth, accompanied by Prime Minister Winston Churchill, appeared on the balcony of the palace before the cheering crowds. Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen Elizabeth II) and her sister Princess Margaret were allowed to wander incognito among the crowds and take part in the celebrations.[7][8] In the United States, the victory happened on President Harry Truman's 61st birthday.[9] He dedicated the victory to the memory of his predecessor, Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had died of a cerebral hemorrhage less than a month earlier, on 12 April.[10] Flags remained at half-staff for the remainder of the 30-day mourning period.[11][12] Truman said of dedicating the victory to Roosevelt's memory and keeping the flags at half-staff that his only wish was "that Franklin D. Roosevelt had lived to witness this day."[10] Later that day, Truman said that the victory made it his most enjoyable birthday.[9] Massive celebrations also took place in Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami and especially in New York's Times Square.[13] Soviet Victory Day[edit] Main article: Victory Day (9 May) As the Soviet representative in Reims
had no authority to sign the German instrument of surrender, the Soviet leadership proposed to consider Reims
surrender as a "preliminary" act. The surrender ceremony was repeated in Berlin
on 8 May, where the instrument of surrender was signed by supreme German military commander Wilhelm Keitel, by Georgy Zhukov
Georgy Zhukov
and Allied representatives. Since the Soviet Union was to the east of Germany, it was 9 May Moscow
time when the German military surrender became effective, which is why Russia
and most of the former Soviet republics commemorate Victory Day on 9 May instead of 8 May. Commemorative public holidays[edit]

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(May 8 unless otherwise stated)

(25 April) "Festa della Liberazione" (Liberation Holiday). Denmark
(4 May) as "Befrielsen" (The Liberation) Netherlands
(5 May) as "Bevrijdingsdag" (Liberation Day) United Kingdom: In 1995 the May Day
May Day
bank holiday was moved from the first Monday in May, 1 May, to Monday 8 May, for that year only, to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the ending of the Second World War. East Germany
East Germany
as Tag der Befreiung (Day of Liberation), a public holiday from 1950 to 1966 and in 1985. Between 1975 and 1990, as Tag des Sieges ( Victory Day (9 May)). France
as Victoire 1945. Orléans
simultaneously celebrates both V-E Day and the anniversary of the Siege of Orléans
being lifted by French forces led by Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
during the Hundred Years War
Hundred Years War
on this date. Slovakia
as Deň víťazstva nad fašizmom (Victory over Fascism Day)[14] Czech Republic
Czech Republic
as Den vítězství (Day of Victory) or Den osvobození (Day of Liberation) Poland
as "Narodowy Dzień Zwycięstwa" – National Victory Day. Norway
as "Frigjøringsdagen" (Liberation Day) "offisiell flaggdag" (official flag day) not "helligdager" (public holiday) Ukraine
"День пам'яті та примирення" (Memorial Day)[15] Ukraine
(9 May) "День перемоги над нацизмом у Другій світовій війні" ( Victory Day over Nazism in World War II) — from 2015.[16] Georgia (9 May) "ფაშიზმზე გამარჯვების დღე" (Victory over Fascism Day) Belarus
(9 May) "Дзень Перамогі" (Victory Day) Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(9 May) "Дан побједе", "Dan pobjede" (Victory Day) Russia
(9 May) "День Победы" (Victory Day) Ex-Yugoslavia
(9 May) "Дан победе", "Dan zmage" (Victory Day) Serbia
(9 May) "Дан победе" (Victory Day) Kazakhstan
(9 May) as "Жеңіс күні" or "День победы" (Victory Day)[17] British Channel Islands
Channel Islands
Liberation Days: Jersey
and Guernsey
(9 May), Sark
(10 May).

See also[edit]

Time of remembrance and reconciliation Victory over Japan Day Stunde Null


^ "Victory in Europe
Day". Retrieved 2016-05-03.  ^ "BBC – History – VE Day". BBC Online. Retrieved 3 May 2016.  ^ Harper, Douglas. "VE Day". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 12 March 2016.  ^ Hamilton, Charles (1996). Leaders & Personalities of the Third Reich, Vol. 2. San José, CA: R. James Bender Publishing. pp. 285, 286. ISBN 978-0-912138-66-4.  ^ "Victory in Europe
Day". Retrieved 2016-05-03.  ^ [1] ^ [2] The Royal British Legion ^ "VE Day". www.simcoe.ca. Retrieved 2017-05-05.  ^ a b "Truman Marks Birthday". The New York Times. May 9, 1945. p. 6.  ^ a b "Victory Wreath From Truman Is Laid On Hyde Park Grave of War President". New York Times. Associated Press. May 9, 1945. p. 15.  ^ "Army Extends Mourning Period". New York Times. Associated Press. May 12, 1945. p. 13.  ^ United Press (May 15, 1945). "30 Days of Mourning For Roosevelt Ended". New York Times. p. 4.  ^ "V-E Day". Archived from the original on May 15, 2008. Retrieved August 20, 2011. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) University of San Diego, archived May 15, 2008 from http://history.sandiego.edu/gen/ww2Timeline/qt/v-eday.html ^ Public holidays in Slovakia ^ Ukraine
to mark both May 8 and May 9 this year – deputy PM, Interfax- Ukraine
(24.03.2015)) ^ Президент утвердил мероприятия по празднованию 70-й годовщины Победы и установил 8 мая Днем памяти и примирения Archived April 29, 2015, at the Wayback Machine., President of Ukraine
(24.03.2015)) ^ Victory Day (9 May)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to VE Day.

WWII: VE Day, May 8, 1945 – slideshow by Life magazine
Life magazine
(archived) Rare audio speeches of the famous historical persons of the USSR, etc. 50th Anniversary Celebration of VE Day in Moscow
on YouTube
by Leon Charney on The Le