VICTORY IN EUROPE DAY, generally known as V-E DAY, VE DAY or simply V
DAY, was the public holiday celebrated on 8 May 1945 to mark the
formal acceptance by the
Allies of World War II
Allies of World War II of
Nazi Germany 's
unconditional surrender of its armed forces . It thus marked the end
of World War II in
The term VE Day existed as early as September 1944, in anticipation
of victory. On 30 April 1945,
Adolf Hitler , the Nazi leader ,
committed suicide during the
Battle of Berlin . Germany's surrender,
therefore, was authorised by his successor,
Dönitz . The administration headed by Dönitz was known as the
Flensburg Government . The act of military surrender was signed on 7
France and on 8 May in
Berlin , Germany.
Soviet Union and
Eastern Bloc countries have historically
celebrated the end of World War II on 9 May. In
Ukraine since 2015, 8
May is designated as a day of Remembrance and Reconciliation , but it
is not a public holiday.
* 1 Celebrations
* 2 Soviet
* 3 Commemorative public holidays
* 4 See also
* 5 References
* 6 External links
Upon the defeat of Germany, celebrations erupted throughout the
western world. From
Moscow to Los Angeles, people celebrated.
United Kingdom , more than one million people celebrated in
the streets to mark the end of the European part of the war. In
London, crowds massed in
Trafalgar Square and up the Mall to
Buckingham Palace , where King
George VI and Queen Elizabeth ,
accompanied by Prime Minister
Winston Churchill , appeared on the
balcony of the palace before the cheering crowds. Princess Elizabeth
(the future Queen Elizabeth II) and her sister Princess Margaret were
allowed to wander incognito among the crowds and take part in the
In the United States, the victory happened on President Harry Truman
's 61st birthday. He dedicated the victory to the memory of his
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt , who had died of a cerebral
hemorrhage less than a month earlier, on 12 April. Flags remained at
half-staff for the remainder of the 30-day mourning period. Truman
said of dedicating the victory to Roosevelt's memory and keeping the
flags at half-staff that his only wish was "that Franklin D. Roosevelt
had lived to witness this day." Later that day, Truman said that the
victory made it his most enjoyable birthday.
Massive celebrations also took place in
Los Angeles , Miami
and especially in New York 's
Times Square .
SOVIET VICTORY DAY
Victory Day (9 May)
As the Soviet representative in
Reims had no authority to sign the
German instrument of surrender
German instrument of surrender , the Soviet leadership proposed to
Reims surrender as a "preliminary" act. The surrender
ceremony was repeated in
Berlin on 8 May, where the instrument of
surrender was signed by supreme German military commander Wilhelm
Keitel , by
Georgy Zhukov and Allied representatives. Since the Soviet
Union was to the east of Germany, it was 9 May
Moscow time when the
German military surrender became effective, which is why
most of the former Soviet republics commemorate
Victory Day on 9 May
instead of 8 May.
COMMEMORATIVE PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
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(May 8 unless otherwise stated)
Italy (25 April) "Festa della Liberazione " (Liberation Holiday).
Denmark (4 May) as "Befrielsen" (The Liberation)
Netherlands (5 May) as "
Bevrijdingsdag " (Liberation Day)
United Kingdom : In 1995 the
May Day bank holiday was moved from
the first Monday in May, 1 May, to Monday 8 May, for that year only,
to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the ending of the Second World
East Germany as Tag der Befreiung (Day of Liberation), a public
holiday from 1950 to 1966 and in 1985. Between 1975 and 1990, as Tag
des Sieges (
Victory Day (9 May) ).
France as Victoire 1945
Slovakia as Deň víťazstva nad fašizmom (Victory over Fascism
Czech Republic as Den vítězství (Day of Victory) or Den
osvobození (Day of Liberation)
Poland as "Narodowy Dzień Zwycięstwa" – National Victory Day.
Norway as "Frigjøringsdagen" (Liberation Day) "offisiell
flaggdag" (official flag day) not "helligdager" (public holiday)
Ukraine "День пам'яті та примирення"
Ukraine (9 May) "День перемоги над нацизмом
у Другій світовій війні" (
Victory Day over Nazism
in World War II ) — from 2015.
* Georgia (9 May) "ფაშიზმზე
გამარჯვების დღე" (Victory over Fascism
Belarus (9 May) "Дзень Перамогі" (Victory Day)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina (9 May) "Дан побједе", "Dan
pobjede" (Victory Day)
Russia (9 May) "День Победы" (Victory Day)
Ex-Yugoslavia (9 May) "Дан победе", "Dan zmage" (Victory
Serbia (9 May) "Дан победе" (Victory Day)
Kazakhstan (9 May) as "Жеңіс күні" or "День
победы" (Victory Day)
Channel Islands Liberation Days :
Sark (10 May).
Time of remembrance and reconciliation
Victory over Japan Day
Victory over Japan Day
* ^ A B "Victory in
Europe Day". Retrieved 2016-05-03.
* ^ "BBC – History – VE Day".
BBC Online . Retrieved 3 May
* ^ The formal surrender of the German forces occupying the Channel
Islands did not occur until the following day, 9 May 1945.
* ^ Harper, Douglas. "VE Day". Online Etymology Dictionary.
Retrieved 12 March 2016.
Ukraine celebrates Day of Remembrance and Reconciliation
UNIAN (8 May 2017)
* ^ The Royal British Legion
* ^ "VE Day". www.simcoe.ca. Retrieved 2017-05-05.
* ^ A B "Truman Marks Birthday". The New York Times. May 9, 1945.
* ^ A B "Victory Wreath From Truman Is Laid On Hyde Park Grave of
War President". New York Times. Associated Press. May 9, 1945. p. 15.
* ^ "Army Extends Mourning Period". New York Times. Associated
Press. May 12, 1945. p. 13.
* ^ United Press (May 15, 1945). "30 Days of Mourning For Roosevelt
Ended". New York Times. p. 4.
* ^ "V-E Day". Archived from the original on May 15, 2008.
Retrieved August 20, 2011. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link ) University of
San Diego, archived May 15, 2008 from
* ^ Public holidays in
Ukraine to mark both May 8 and May 9 this year – deputy PM,
* ^ Президент утвердил мероприятия по
празднованию 70-й годовщины Победы и
установил 8 мая Днем памяти и
примирения Archived April 29, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
., President of
Victory Day (9 May)
Wikimedia Commons has media related to VE DAY .
* WWII: VE Day, May 8, 1945 – slideshow by
* Rare audio speeches of the famous historical persons of the
* 50th Anniversary Celebration of VE Day in
Leon Charney on The