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The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff
(VJCS) is, by U.S. law, the second highest-ranking military officer in the United States Armed Forces [1] ranking just below the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Vice Chairman outranks all respective heads of each service branch, with the exception of the Chairman, but does not have operational command authority over their service branches.[1] The Goldwater–Nichols Act
Goldwater–Nichols Act
of 1986 created the position of VCJCS to assist the Chairman in exercising his duties. In the absence of the Chairman, the Vice Chairman presides over the meetings of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and all other duties prescribed under 10 U.S.C. § 153 and may also perform other duties that the President, the Chairman, or the Secretary of Defense prescribes.[1]

Contents

1 Responsibilities 2 Appointment and term limitations

2.1 Upcoming changes

3 List of Vice Chairmen 4 Vice Chairman by branch of service 5 Positional color 6 See also 7 Notes 8 External links

Responsibilities[edit] Although the office of Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff
is considered to be very important and highly prestigious, neither the Vice Chairman nor the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff
as a body have any command authority over combatant forces. The chain of command runs from the President to the Secretary of Defense directly to the commanders of the Unified Combatant Commands.[2] Appointment and term limitations[edit] The Vice Chairman is nominated by the President for appointment and must be confirmed via majority vote by the Senate.[1] The Chairman and Vice Chairman may not be members of the same armed force service branch.[1] However, the President may waive that restriction for a limited period of time in order to provide for the orderly transition of officers appointed to serve in those positions.[1] The Vice Chairman serves a two-year term of office at the pleasure of the President,[1] but can be reappointed to serve two additional terms for a total of six years[1] In case of times of war or national emergency, there is no limit to how many times an officer can be reappointed to serve as Vice Chairman.[1] Historically, the Vice Chairman has served two terms. By statute, the Vice Chairman is appointed as a four-star general or admiral.[1] Upcoming changes[edit] Beginning in 2019, the Vice Chairman's statutory term length will increase from two years to a single four-year term and cannot be reappointed unless in times of war or national emergency.[3] Also starting in 2019, the Vice Chairman will begin assuming office on October 1 of every odd-number year, except the assumption of that term may not begin in the same year as the term of the Chairman.[3] Starting in 2021, the Vice Chairman will not be eligible for elevated appointment to Chairman or be appointed to another four-star position unless in times of war or national emergency.[3] List of Vice Chairmen[edit]

Name Photo Branch Term began Term ended

1. Gen Robert T. Herres

USAF February 6, 1987 February 28, 1990

2. ADM David E. Jeremiah
David E. Jeremiah

USN March 1, 1990 February 28, 1994

3. ADM William "Bill" Owens

USN March 1, 1994 February 27, 1996

4. Gen Joseph Ralston

USAF March 1, 1996 February 29, 2000

5. Gen Richard Myers
Richard Myers

USAF February 29, 2000 October 1, 2001

6. Gen Peter Pace
Peter Pace

USMC October 1, 2001 August 12, 2005

7. ADM Edmund Giambastiani

USN August 12, 2005 July 27, 2007

8. Gen James E. Cartwright

USMC August 31, 2007 August 3, 2011

9. ADM James A. Winnefeld, Jr.

USN August 4, 2011 July 31, 2015

10. Gen Paul J. Selva

USAF July 31, 2015 Incumbent[4]

: Later served as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs : Served as acting Chairman

Vice Chairman by branch of service[edit]

Air Force: 4 Army: none Marine Corps: 2 Navy: 4

Positional color[edit]

VCJCS flag with yellow fringe.

The positional color (flag) of the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is white with a diagonal medium blue strip from upper hoist to lower fly. Centered on the flag is an American bald eagle with wings spread horizontally, in proper colors. The talons grasp three crossed arrows. A shield with blue chief and thirteen red and white stripes is on the eagle’s breast. Diagonally, from upper fly to lower hoist are four five-pointed stars, medium blue on the white, two above the eagle, and two below. The fringe is yellow; the cord and tassels are medium blue and white. The design was approved by Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger
Caspar Weinberger
on 20 January 1987.[5] See also[edit]

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Defense Acquisition Board Deputy's Advisory Working Group, a policy review panel co-chaired by DEPSECDEF
DEPSECDEF
and VCJCS Joint Requirements Oversight Council

Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j [1] 10 USC 154. Vice Chairman ^ [2] 10 USC 162. Combatant commands: assigned forces; chain of command ^ a b c Public Law 114–328 - The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 increased the term length Chairman and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff
from two years to four years and the Vice Chairman is no longer eligible to become Chairman. ^ http://www.jcs.mil/Leadership/Article-View/Article/611782/general-paul-j-selva/ ^ Army Regulation 840-10, paragraph 3-14 (2 Apr. 1992).

External links[edit]

Official site

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Vice Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Chiefs of Staff
of the United States

Herres Jeremiah Owens Ralston Myers Pace Giambastiani Cartwright Winnefeld Selva

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Senior officials in the United States Department of Defense

Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis

Deputy Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan

Chief Management Officer John H. Gibson

Secretaries of the Military Departments

Secretary of the Army: Mark Esper Secretary of the Navy: Richard V. Spencer Secretary of the Air Force: Heather Wilson

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen Joe Dunford, USMC

Under Secretaries of Defense for

Acquisition and Sustainment: Ellen Lord Research and Engineering: Michael D. Griffin Policy: John Rood Comptroller/Chief Financial Officer: David Norquist Personnel and Readiness: Robert Wilkie Intelligence: Joseph D. Kernan

Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen Paul Selva, USAF

Chiefs of the Military Services

Chief of Staff of the Army: GEN Mark Milley Commandant of the Marine Corps: Gen Robert Neller Chief of Naval Operations: ADM John Richardson Chief of Staff of the Air Force: Gen David Goldfein

Chief of the National Guard Bureau Gen Joseph Lengyel, USAF

Unified Combatant Command
Unified Combatant Command
Commanders

Africa: Gen Tom Waldhauser, USMC Central: GEN Joe Votel, USA European: GEN Mike Scaparrotti, USA Northern: Gen Lori Robinson, USAF Pacific: ADM Harry Harris, USN Southern: ADM Kurt Tidd, USN Special
Special
Operations: GEN Tony Thomas, USA Strategic: Gen John Hyten, USAF Transportation: Gen Darren McDew, USAF

a - Acting

v t e

United States Joint Chiefs of Staff

Dunford (Chairman) Selva (Vice Chairman) Milley (Army) Neller (Marine Corps) Richardson (Navy) Goldfein (Air Force) Lengye

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