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Université Laval
Université Laval
(English: Laval University) is a French-language, public research university in Quebec
City, Quebec, Canada. The University was founded by royal charter issued by Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
in 1852, with roots in the founding of the Séminaire de Québec
Séminaire de Québec
in 1663 by François de Montmorency-Laval, making it the oldest centre of higher education in Canada
and the first North American institution to offer higher education in French. The university, whose main campus was erected from the 1950s onward in the suburban borough Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge, is ranked among the top ten Canadian universities in terms of research funding[4] and holds four Canada Excellence Research Chairs.


1 History 2 Buildings and features 3 Programs 4 Faculties and schools 5 Canada
Excellence Research Chairs 6 University press 7 University cooperative 8 Athletics and sports teams 9 Notable alumni

9.1 Rhodes Scholars

10 Campus gallery 11 See also 12 References 13 External links


François de Laval

The Old Séminaire de Québec
Séminaire de Québec

Université Laval
Université Laval
School of Architecture

Pavillon Charles-De Koninck

The university began as the Séminaire de Québec, which was founded in 1663 by François de Montmorency-Laval, a member of the House of Laval and the first Bishop of New France.[5] During the French Regime the institution mainly trained priests to serve in New France. After the Conquest of 1760, the British expanded education in Canada
to include the liberal arts. French Canadians had at the time no opportunity to pursue higher education, and Bishop Bourget of Montreal
suggested expanding the Séminaire de Québec
Séminaire de Québec
into Université Laval. Louis Casault, a priest who taught physics at the Séminaire de Québec, went to Europe to seek a royal charter and study the best university systems there. The Séminaire de Québec
Séminaire de Québec
was granted a royal charter on December 8, 1852, by Queen Victoria, at the request of Lord Elgin (Governor-General of the Province of Canada), creating Université Laval with "the rights and privileges of a university".[6] The charter was signed in 1852. Pope Benedict XV
Pope Benedict XV
approved the plan and authorized the institution to establish chairs of theology and confer degrees.[7] In 1878, the university opened a second campus in Montreal, which became the Université de Montréal
Université de Montréal
on May 8, 1919, by a writ of Pope Benedict XV. In 1971, a second charter transferred all authority to the Université Laval
Université Laval
council.[6] By 1925, the university had outgrown its location. The Old City was very crowded, making it difficult to add new buildings to the campus. The university moved to Sainte-Foy which at the time was a semi-rural community west of the Quebec
city centre in the 1950s. The School of Architecture
returned to the old building (now affectionately referred to as Le Vieux Séminaire) in 1989. Université Laval
Université Laval
is governed by a board of governors and a faculty senate. This structure was modelled on the provincial University of Toronto Act of 1906, which established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate (faculty), responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to serve as a link between the two bodies and lead the institution.[8]:306 In the early part of the 20th century, the need for higher education expanded beyond the classical fields of theology, law and medicine, and the university introduced science and social-science departments such as forestry and household science.[8]:1904 In addition, graduate training based on the German-inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis was introduced.[6] The university opened its department of social, political, and economic sciences in 1938, signalling a change of approach that continued into the 1960s, based on an idea of higher education as the key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals and society.[9] The royal charter that founded Université Laval
Université Laval
in 1852 was designated a National Historic Event in 1972.[10] "Laval", a waltz by French-Canadian ragtime composer, Wilfrid Beaudry, was dedicated to the students at Laval University and the University of Montreal. The music for piano was published in Québec by J. Beaudry, circa 1906.[11] Buildings and features[edit] The Laval University building on St. Denis Street was designed by Maurice Perrault
Maurice Perrault
in 1893–94.[12] Joseph Simeon Bergeron (architect) designed several buildings at Laval University including the School of Chemistry
(1923), the addition on Ste. Famille Street (1931), the Mining School (1938), and the cafeteria building (1945).[13] Université Laval's main campus covers 1.2 km2 (0.46 sq mi) and has over 30 buildings, all linked by 10 km (6.2 mi) of underground walkways, which are particularly useful in the winter. Of the campus lands, 56 percent are wooded areas, grasslands, and sports fields. The campus is home to the Roger-Van den Hende botanical garden which contains some 67 species of deciduous and coniferous trees and 60 different species of birds. Laval University also hosts a branch of the National Archives of Quebec. Programs[edit] As of 2002, Université Laval
Université Laval
offered over 350 programs to more than 38,000 students. The university also attracts more than 2,500 foreign students annually, and has almost 1,000 students drawn from Canadian provinces outside of Quebec. Many students come to the university for the Français pour non-francophones program that offers instruction in French as a second language to students from Canada
and around the world. It is also the only university in Quebec
which trains forestry engineers.[citation needed] Since the mid-1980s, Université Laval
Université Laval
has offered distance learning; over 30 programs and 400 courses are offered by distance learning, of which 80% are accessible from the internet. Faculties and schools[edit]

Pavillon Louis-Jacques-Casault

Administrative Sciences Agriculture
and Food sciences* Architecture, Urban planning
Urban planning
and Visual arts Dentistry Education Faculté de Droit (Faculty of Law) Faculté des Lettres (Humanities) Forestry, Geography
and Geomatics** Institut Québécois des Hautes Études Internationales (HEI) Arts Medicine Music Nursing Pharmacy Philosophy Postgraduate Studies Science and Engineering

Agroenvironmental Engineering, Agricultural Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Geology and Geological Engineering, Computer Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Mining Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, Water Engineering, Forest Engineering, Geomatics

Social Sciences Theology and Religious Studies

* The Département des Sciences des Aliments et de Nutrition has an accredited dietetic program. The university is accredited by a professional organization such as the Dietitians of Canada
and the university's graduates may subsequently become registered dietitians. ** The Faculty is part of the AUFSC and has accredited baccalaureate of science programs with specializations in forestry & environmental management; forestry operations (co-op) and forestry engineering.

University rankings

Global rankings

ARWU World[15] 301–400

QS World[16] 378

Times World[17] 251–300

U.S News & World Report Global[18] 296

Canadian rankings

ARWU National[15] 12–17

QS National[16] 15

Times National[17] 11–14

U.S News & World Report National[18] 13

Maclean's Medical/Doctoral[19] 13

Maclean's Reputation[20] 14

Excellence Research Chairs[edit] Québec university holds four of the 19 Canada
Excellence Research Chairs awarded nationwide: Canada
Excellence Research Chair in Remote Sensing of Canada’s New Arctic Frontier, Canada
Research Excellence Chair in the Microbiome-Endocannabinoidome Axis in Metabolic Health, Canada
Excellence Research Chair in Photonic Innovations, and Communication and Canada
Excellence Research Chair in Neurophotonics.[21] University press[edit] Les Presses de l'Université Laval, which was founded in 1950, deals with Canadian civilization, literature, medieval studies, law, social sciences, physical sciences and engineering.[22] University cooperative[edit] Main article: Zone Coopérative de l'Université Laval The Coopérative de l' Université Laval
Université Laval
is engaged in the sale of products to customers throughout the university, such as books, lecture notes and computers. Athletics and sports teams[edit] Main article: Laval Rouge et Or

Université Laval Rouge et Or
Laval Rouge et Or

Athletics take place at the PEPS
complex. Laval's varsity sports teams are named the Rouge-et-Or (Red & Gold). The men's football team was the 2013 Canadian champion and won seven Vanier Cups in ten years from 2003 to 2013.[citation needed] Notable alumni[edit] Public figures, including Prime Ministers of Canada, Premiers of Quebec, Supreme Court Justices, federal Cabinet Ministers, Senators, and Lieutenant-Governors as well as national and international athletes have graduated from l'Université Laval. Some of the more prominent are:

Prime Ministers of Canada
Louis St. Laurent, Brian Mulroney
Brian Mulroney
and Jean Chrétien Premiers of Quebec
Lucien Bouchard, Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, Edmund James Flynn, Jean Lesage, René Lévesque, Pauline Marois, Simon-Napoléon Parent
Simon-Napoléon Parent
and Louis-Alexandre Taschereau Supreme Court Justices Suzanne Côté, Louis LeBel, Claire L'Heureux-Dubé, Charles Fitzpatrick, Arthur Cyrille Albert Malouin, Lawrence Arthur Dumoulin Cannon, Louis-Philippe Pigeon, Julien Chouinard, Robert Taschereau, Henri-Elzéar Taschereau, Thibaudeau Rinfret Archduke Carl Ludwig of Austria (1918–2007) Archduchess Charlotte of Austria, social worker and royal heiress Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1919–2010) Mahamat Ali Adoum, permanent representative of Chad
to the United Nations; former Minister of foreign affairs (1992–93) Jacques-Édouard Alexis, prime minister of Haiti
from 1999–2001 and 2006–2008 Marcel Aubut, president of the Canadian Olympic Committee Boris Bede, gridiron football player Louis-Nazaire Bégin, Canadian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church Édith Butler, Acadian singer Conrad Black, former media magnate Gérard Bouchard, academic and public intellectual Charles Sandwith Campbell, benefactor of Montreal; Governor of McGill University Lawrence Cannon, Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2008 to 2011 Carme Chacón, Spanish Minister of Defence from 2008 to 2011 Thomas Chapais, lawyer and federal politician Marcel Crête (fr), jurist and former Chief Justice of Quebec (1980–88) Raymond Chrétien, former diplomat and lawyer Raoul Dandurand, lawyer, federal politician, diplomat, president of the League of Nations Assembly for 1925 Stéphane Dion, diplomat and former politician; former leader of the Liberal Party of Canada Gilbert Finn, 26th Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick Eugène Fiset, former Surgeon General of Canada, 18th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec Michael Fortier, senator Wilfrid Gariépy, Alberta
cabinet minister Louis Garneau, Olympic cyclist and businessman Paule Gauthier, lawyer, arbitrator, corporate director, former chair of the Security Intelligence Review Committee 1996–2004 Léon Gérin, lawyer and president of the Royal Society of Canada Daniel Joseph Greene, Premier of Newfoundland, 1894–95 Gustave Guillaume, linguist, philologist and Volney Prize laureate Luc Langlois, philosopher, Ordre des Palmes Académiques laureate, Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy, 2002-2010 Habiba Zehi Ben Romdhane, Tunisian Minister of health Pierre Harvey, Olympic cyclist and cross-country skier Louis de Lotbiniere-Harwood, Dean of Medicine at Université de Montréal; President of the Hôpital Notre-Dame Samuel William Jacobs, lawyer, Member of Parliament and a leader of the Canadian Jewish community Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg Larkin Kerwin, physicist, first president of the Canadian Space Agency, 1989–1992 Fernand Labrie, physician and medical researcher Gérald Lacroix, ISPX, cardinal, archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Quebec
and Primate of Canada Marc Laliberté, CEO of Via Rail
Via Rail
Canada Pierre Lavertu, CFL player Jean Leclerc, chairman, Leclerc biscuits and former provincial politician Marc Lortie, diplomat Pearlette Louisy, Governess-General of Saint Lucia Frederick Edmund Meredith, lawyer and businessman, 8th chancellor of Bishop's University Ed Millaire, professional hockey player Montreal
Canadiens Gaston Miron, poet and author Michael Meighen, senator Ben Mulroney, television host and son of former prime minister Brian Mulroney Marc Ouellet, cardinal, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops and president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America Aimé Pelletier, surgeon and like Bertrand Vac, influential Quebec novelist, particularly in the 1950s. Laurent Picard, academic, former president of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Louis J. Robichaud, 24th premier of New Brunswick Adolphe-Basile Routhier, judge and writer David Saint-Jacques, astrophysicist and astronaut for the Canadian Space Agency David Servan-Schreiber, physician and author Raymond C. Setlakwe, senator Charles Sirois, businessman and venture capitalist Réjean Thomas (fr), physician and founder of the Canadian division of Médecins du Monde Arthur Tremblay, senator Rodrigue Tremblay, economist Gérard Veilleux, former senior civil servant, president of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
(1989–1993) Gilles Vigneault, artist Niklaus Wirth, computer scientist, Turing Award
Turing Award
winner Jean-Charles Gille, engineer, psychiatrist and professor of medicine. Jean Bazin, lawyer and former senator Jennie Carignan, Canada's first female combat officer to rise to the rank of general Clement Gignac, politician, former Minister of Economic Development, Innovation and Export Trade and chief economist at Industrial Alliance Gérald Lacroix, Archbishop of Quebec
and Primate of Canada Manon Brouillette, President and CEO of Videotron Thomas De Koninck, philosopher Renée Morisset, pianist Victor Bouchard, pianist and composer Louise Beaudoin, politician Jean-Martin Aussant, politician

Rhodes Scholars[edit]

Marius Barbeau
Marius Barbeau
1910 Edgar Rochette
Edgar Rochette
1914 Roger Gaudry 1937 Julien Chouinard
Julien Chouinard
1951 Thomas De Koninck 1956 Gregory Kates 1966 Jean-François Garneau 1982 Leo Bureau-Blouin
Leo Bureau-Blouin

Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg.

Louis St. Laurent, 12th Prime Minister of Canada.

Brian Mulroney, 18th Prime Minister of Canada.

Jean Chrétien, 20th Prime Mininister of Canada.

Jacques-Édouard Alexis, 9th Prime Minister of Haiti.

Niklaus Wirth, designer of several programming languages.

Charles Fitzpatrick, 5th Chief Justice of Canada.

Campus gallery[edit]

Ferninand Vandry Pavilion, hosting health sciences faculties

L'Homme devant la Science (1963), mural by Jordi Bonet
Jordi Bonet
on Adrien-Pouliot hall

Water Garden at Roger Van den Hende botanical garden

Social science library building

Palasis-Prince building (administrative sciences)

Abitibi-Price building (forestry, geography and geomatics)

Gene-H.-Kruger building (wood research)

Every building is connected to a pedestrian tunnel

Félix-Antoine-Savard and educational sciences buildings

Westernmost part of the campus

See also[edit]

Quebec City
Quebec City
portal University portal University of the Arctic
University of the Arctic

List of rectors of Université Laval List of universities in Quebec List of universities in Canada Group of Thirteen (Canadian universities) List of oldest universities by region Quebec
City Canadian university scientific research organizations Higher education in Quebec CHYZ campus radio station List of open access repositories in Canada


^ [1] ^ [2] ^ [3] ^ Université Laval. " Université Laval
Université Laval
at a Glance". (accessed 17 April 2007) ^ "The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Makers of Canada: Index and Dictionary of Canadian History, Edited by Lawrence Johnstone Burpee and Arthur G. Doughty". Retrieved 28 August 2015.  ^ a b c Laval University/ Université Laval
Université Laval
Archived 2007-08-16 at the Wayback Machine. ^ The Project Gutenberg EBook #6466 of 'The Intellectual Development of the Canadian People, A historical review' by John George Bourinot, House of Commons, Ottawa, February 17th, 1881 ^ a b Langton, Hugh Hornby; Macallum, Archibald Byron (1906). The University of Toronto
University of Toronto
and its colleges, 1827-1906. The University Library, pub. by the librarian.  ^ Behiels, Michael, "Le père Georges-Henri Lévesque et l'établissement des sciences sociales à Laval: 1938–1955", Revue de l'Université d'Ottawa 52, no. 3 (juil.-sept. 1982). Appears in English translation in "Youth, University, and Canadian Society", edited by Paul Axelrod and John G. Reid. Kingston and Montreal: McGill- Queen's University
Queen's University
of Press, 1989. ^ National Historic Event[dead link] ^ Wilfrid Beaudry
Wilfrid Beaudry
(1906). "Laval". Amicus.collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved July 1, 2016.  ^ "Perrault, Maurice". Retrieved 28 August 2015.  ^ "Bergeron, Joseph Simeon". Retrieved 28 August 2015.  ^ Canadian Engineering Memorial Foundation – University List Archived 2007-03-24 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b " Academic Ranking of World Universities
Academic Ranking of World Universities
2017 - Canada". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b " QS World University Rankings
QS World University Rankings
- 2018". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2017.  ^ a b "World University Rankings 2018". Times Higher Education. 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017.  ^ a b "Best Global Universities in Canada". www.usnews.com. U.S. News & World Report. October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.  ^ "University Rankings 2018: Canada's top Medical/Doctoral schools". Maclean's. 11 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.  ^ "Canada's Top School by Reputation 2018: University of Toronto". Maclean's. 11 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.  ^ " Canada
Excellence Research Chairs". www.cerc.gc.ca. Retrieved March 29, 2017.  ^ University Presses Archived 2011-06-08 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Université Laval.

Official website Bibliothèque de l'Université Laval Université Laval
Université Laval
Foundation Faculty of Forestry, Georgraphy and Geomatics  Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Laval University of Quebec". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 

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Université Laval


Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences Faculty of Administrative Sciences School of Architecture, Urban planning
Urban planning
and Visual Arts Faculty of Arts Faculty of Dentistry Faculty of Education Faculty of Engineering and Science Faculty of Law Faculty of Forestry
and Geomatics Department of Literature Faculty of Medicine Laval School of Management Laval School of Music Faculty of Nursing Faculty of Pharmacy Faculty of Philosophy Faculty of Social Sciences Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies (Notre-Dame de Québec Cathedral)


Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec (CHUQ) Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Québec Édifice de la Fabrique Forêt Montmorency La Petite Cité Maison Eugène-Roberge Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec Pavillon d'Optique-photonique Pavillon Maurice-Pollack/Desjardins Pavillon de l’éducation physique et des sports Roger-Van den Hende Botanical Garden Vieux-Séminaire de Québec 30+ faculty buildings


Laval Rouge et Or Laval Rouge et Or
Laval Rouge et Or
football PEPS
Stadium PEPS

Student life

CHYZ-FM Au fil des évènements Contact Impact Campus Krypto Regard Critique Zone Coopérative de l'Université Laval

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La Cité-Limoilou Les Rivières Sainte-Foy–Sillery–Cap-Rouge Charlesbourg Beauport La Haute-Saint-Charles Laurentien (defunct)


Vieux-Québec–Cap-Blanc–colline Parlementaire
Vieux-Québec–Cap-Blanc–colline Parlementaire
(Old Quebec, Parliament Hill, Petit Champlain) Saint-Jean-Baptiste Saint-Roch Maizerets


Quebec Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures


L'Ancienne-Lorette Notre-Dame-des-Anges Wendake

See also: List of articles about Quebec
City History of Quebec
City Quebec
Urban Community (1970-2001) Quebec
Metropolitan Community 2000–06 municipal reorganization in Quebec

Regional county municipalities) in Capitale-Nationale: Charlevoix Charlevoix-Est La Côte-de-Beaupré La Jacques-Cartier L'Île-d'Orléans Portneuf

Equivalent territories: Quebec

Independent parishes: Notre-Dame-des-Anges

Native reserves: Wendake

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U15 universities

Alberta UBC Calgary Dalhousie Laval Manitoba McGill McMaster Montréal Ottawa Queen's Saskatchewan Toronto Waterloo Western Ontario

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Post-secondary institutions in Quebec

College level (pre-university)

Government colleges

Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean Conservatoire de musique du Québec

Gatineau Montréal Québec Rimouski Saguenay Trois-Rivières Val-d'Or

Institut de technologie agroalimentaire Institut de tourisme et d'hôtellerie du Québec

Public colleges

Abitibi-Témiscamingue Ahuntsic Alma André-Laurendeau Baie-Comeau Beauce-Appalaches Bois-de-Boulogne Champlain

Lennoxville Saint-Lambert St. Lawrence

Chicoutimi Dawson Drummondville Édouard-Montpetit Garneau Cégep de la Gaspésie et des Îles Gérald-Godin Granby Heritage John Abbott Jonquière La Pocatière Lanaudière Lévis-Lauzon Limoilou Lionel-Groulx Maisonneuve Marie-Victorin Matane Montmorency Outaouais Rimouski Rivière-du-Loup Rosemont Saint-Félicien Saint-Hyacinthe Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Saint-Jérôme Saint-Laurent Sainte-Foy Sept-Îles Shawinigan Sherbrooke Sorel-Tracy Thetford Trois-Rivières Valleyfield Vanier Victoriaville Vieux Montréal

Private colleges

André-Grasset Bart CDI Herzing Jean-de-Brébeuf Laflèche LaSalle Marianopolis Marie de France Mérici National Circus School National Theatre School of Canada O'Sullivan Petit Séminaire de Québec, campus de l'Outaouais Séminaire de Sherbrooke Stanislas Trebas Vincent-d'Indy

University level

Université du Québec
Université du Québec

Abitibi-Témiscamingue Chicoutimi Montréal Outaouais Rimouski Trois-Rivières ENAP ÉTS INRS TÉLUQ

Other universities

Bishop's Concordia Laval McGill



HEC Polytechnique


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Shad Valley
Shad Valley
host campuses


British Columbia Calgary Carleton Dalhousie Lakehead Laval McMaster Memorial New Brunswick Queen's Saskatchewan Waterloo


Acadia Bark Lake/Trent Manitoba Queen's ISC St. Andrew's Sherbrooke Strathclyde Trent

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Universities in Canada


Athabasca Alberta Calgary Lethbridge MacEwan Mount Royal

British Columbia

British Columbia Canada
West Capilano Emily Carr Fraser Valley Kwantlen Polytechnic Northern British Columbia Quest Royal Roads Simon Fraser Thompson Rivers Trinity Western Vancouver Island Victoria


Brandon Canadian Mennonite Manitoba Saint-Boniface Winnipeg

Newfoundland and Labrador

Memorial University of Newfoundland

New Brunswick

Crandall Fredericton Moncton Mount Allison New Brunswick St. Stephen's St. Thomas Yorkville

Nova Scotia

Acadia AST Cape Breton Dalhousie King's Mount Saint Vincent NSCAD Saint Francis Xavier Saint Mary's Sainte-Anne


Algoma Brock Carleton Dominican Guelph Lakehead Laurentian Laurier McMaster Nipissing OCADU Ottawa Queen's RMC Ryerson Toronto Trent UOIT Waterloo Western Wilfrid Laurier Windsor York

Prince Edward Island

University of Prince Edward Island


Bishop's Concordia HEC Laval McGill Polytechnique Montréal (UdeM) Sherbrooke Université du Québec

Abitibi-Témiscamingue Chicoutimi Montréal (UQÀM) Outaouais Rimouski Trois-Rivières ENAP ÉTS INRS TÉLUQ


University of Saskatchewan University of Regina First Nations University of Canada

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Canadian law schools

Schools teaching common law


Alberta Calgary

British Columbia

British Columbia
British Columbia
(Peter A. Allard) Thompson Rivers Victoria


(Robson Hall)

New Brunswick

Moncton New Brunswick

Nova Scotia

Dalhousie (Schulich)


Lakehead (Bora Laskin) Queen's Ottawa Toronto Western Windsor York (Osgoode Hall)





Schools teaching civil law




Laval McGill Montréal Sherbrooke UQÀM

Coordinates: 46°46′48″N 71°16′29″W / 46.78000°N 71.27472°W / 46.78000; -71.27472

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 173750576 LCCN: n79079399 ISNI: 0000 0004 1936 8390 GND: 36092-2 SUDOC: 028035747 BNF: