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The United Progressive Alliance
United Progressive Alliance
(UPA) is a coalition of centre-left political parties in India
India
formed after the 2004 general election.[3] The largest member party of the UPA is the Indian National Congress, whose Ex. National President Sonia Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
is chairperson of the UPA. It formed a government with support from some other left-aligned parties in 2004.

Contents

1 History 2 Current membership 3 UPA presence in various states 4 Congress Strength in State Legislative Assemblies 5 Past members 6 Initial support

6.1 Withdrawals

6.1.1 Telangana
Telangana
Rashtra Samithi 6.1.2 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 6.1.3 Bahujan Samaj Party 6.1.4 Left Front 6.1.5 Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Peoples Democratic Party 6.1.6 Pattali Makkal Katchi 6.1.7 All India
India
Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen 6.1.8 Trinamool Congress 6.1.9 Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Vikas Morcha 6.1.10 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam

7 Past general election alliances of Congress (before 2004) 8 Controversies 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] The UPA was formed soon after the 2004 general elections when it had become clear that no party had won an absolute majority. The hitherto ruling Bharatiya Janata Party-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) had won 181 seats[4] in the 543-member 14th Lok Sabha, as opposed the UPA's tally of 218 seats. The Left Front with 59 MPs (excluding the speaker of the Lok Sabha), the Samajwadi Party
Samajwadi Party
with 39 MPs and the Bahujan Samaj Party
Bahujan Samaj Party
with 19 MPs were other significant blocks that opted to support UPA at various phases of its rule.[5][6] The UPA did not enjoy a simple majority on its own in the parliament, rather it has relied on the external support to ensure that it enjoys the confidence of the Indian parliament similar to the formula adopted by the previous minority governments of the United Front, the NDA, the Congress government of P. V. Narasimha Rao, and earlier governments of V. P. Singh
V. P. Singh
and Chandra Shekhar. An informal alliance had existed prior to the elections as several of the current constituent parties had developed seat-sharing agreements in many states. However, it was only after the election that the results of negotiations between parties were announced. The UPA government's policies were initially guided by a common minimum programme that the alliance hammered out with fruitful consultations with Jyoti Basu
Jyoti Basu
and Harkishan Singh Surjeet
Harkishan Singh Surjeet
of the 59-member Left Front.[7] Hence, government policies were generally perceived as centre-left, reflecting the centrist policies of the INC. During the tenure of Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Chief Minister Madhu Koda, the constituents of the UPA were, by mutual consent, supporting his government.[8] On 22 July 2008, the UPA narrowly survived a vote of confidence in the parliament brought on by the Left Front withdrawing their support in protest at the India–United States Civil Nuclear Agreement.[9] The Congress party and its leaders along with then SP leader Amar Singh were accused for cash for vote scam (see: Cash-for-votes scandal) in which they were accused for buying votes in Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
to save the government.[10][11][12] In the Indian General Election in 2009, the UPA won 262 seats, of which the INC accounted for 206. Current membership[edit]

No Party Current No. of MPs in Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
(As of 6 April 2018) Current No. of MPs in Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
(As of 6 April 2018) Base State

1 Indian National Congress 48 51 National Party

2 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 0 4 Tamil Nadu

3 Indian Union Muslim League 2 1 Kerala

4 Kerala
Kerala
Congress (M) 1 1 Kerala

5 Revolutionary Socialist Party 1 0 Kerala

6 Communist Marxist Party 0 0 Kerala

7 Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Jacob) 0 0 Kerala

8 Peace Party of India 0 0 Uttar Pradesh

9 Rashtriya Lok Dal 0 0 Uttar Pradesh

10 Mahan Dal 0 0 Uttar Pradesh

- Total 52 57 India

UPA presence in various states[edit]

Current ruling parties in India   BJP   Coalition with BJP   INC   Other parties (AITC, BJD, TRS, TDP, AIADMK, CPI-M, AAP)

As of March 2018, UPA is in power in the states of Legislative Assembly in 3 states and in 1 union territory - Karnataka, Mizoram, Punjab and Puducherry. Previously, UPA governed states are Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
and Manipur. Congress Strength in State Legislative Assemblies[edit]

No State/UT Seats in Assembly Seats- Congress Seats- UPA Partners Government Ref(s)

1 Andhra Pradesh 175 0 NA TDP [13]

2 Arunachal Pradesh 60 1 NA BJP [14]

3 Assam 126 25 NA BJP [15]

4 Bihar 243 27 RJD (80) NDA [16]

5 Chhattisgarh 90 39 NA BJP [17]

6 Goa 40 16 NA BJP [18]

7 Gujarat 182 78 BTP (2), IND (1) BJP [19]

8 Haryana 90 17 NA BJP [20]

9 Himachal Pradesh 68 21 NA BJP [21]

10 Jammu and Kashmir 87 12 NA NDA [22]

11 Jharkhand 81 07 NA BJP [23]

12 Karnataka 224 124 NA Congress [24]

13 Kerala 140 22 IUML (20), KCM (6), KCJ (1) LDF [25]

14 Madhya Pradesh 230 57 NA BJP [26]

15 Maharashtra 288 42 NA BJP [27]

16 Manipur 60 19 NA BJP [28]

17 Meghalaya 60 21 NA NDA [29]

18 Mizoram 40 34 NA Congress [30]

19 Nagaland 60 0 NA NDA [31]

20 Odisha 147 15 NA BJD [32]

21 Punjab 117 77 NA Congress [33]

22 Rajasthan 200 24 NA BJP [34]

23 Sikkim 32 0 NA NDA [35]

24 Tamil Nadu 234 8 DMK (89), IUML (1), IND (1) AIADMK [36]

25 Telangana 119 13 NA TRS [37]

26 Tripura 60 0 NA BJP [38]

27 Uttar Pradesh 403 07 Samajwadi Party
Samajwadi Party
(47) BJP [39]

28 Uttarakhand 70 11 NA BJP [40]

29 West Bengal 294 42 CPI(M) (26), CPI (1) AITC [41]

30 Delhi 70 0 NA AAP [42]

31 Puducherry 30 15 DMK (2) Congress [43]

Total 4120 774 280 UPA States 04

Past members[edit]

No Party Base State Withdrawal Date Reason for Withdrawal

1 Telangana
Telangana
Rashtra Samithi Telangana 2006 Differences over proposed statehood for Telangana[44]

2 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Tamil Nadu 2007 Allied with All India
India
Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
led Front[45]

3 Bahujan Samaj Party National Party 2008 Congress opposed the UP government where the BSP was the ruling party

4 Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist) National Party 2008 Due to Indo-US nuclear deal.[46]

5 Communist Party of India National Party 2008 Due to Indo-US nuclear deal[46]

6 Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Peoples Democratic Party Jammu and Kashmir 2009 Congress decided to support National Conference Government in Jammu and Kashmir[47]

7 Pattali Makkal Katchi Tamil Nadu 2009 PMK declared that it would join the AIADMK
AIADMK
led front

8 All India
India
Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen Telangana 2012 Accused Congress led State Government of Communalism[48][49]

9 All India
India
Trinamool Congress West Bengal 2012 TMC's demands on rollbacks and reforms not met, including the governments decision to allow FDI in retail[50][51]

10 Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) Jharkhand 2012 Opposition to the governments decision to allow FDI in retail

11 Nationalist Congress Party National Party 2014 Withdrew due to non-consensus on seat sharing for Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election, 2014[52]

12 Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Mukti Morcha Jharkhand 2014 Withdrew due to non-consensus on seat sharing for 2014 Assembly election.[53]

13 Socialist Janata (Democratic) Kerala 2014 It merged with Janata Dal (United)
Janata Dal (United)
on 29 December 2014.[54][55]

14 Rashtriya Janata Dal Bihar 2015 Merged into a new National Alliance known as Janata Parivar Alliance.

Initial support[edit] Initially, UPA was given external support from the Left Front which totalled 59 MPs. Similar external support was also promised by several smaller parties that were not a member of any coalition, including the Samajwadi Party
Samajwadi Party
with 39 MPs, the All India
India
Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party with 4 MPs, the Janata Dal (Secular)
Janata Dal (Secular)
with 3 MPs, and Bahujan Samaj Party
Bahujan Samaj Party
with 19 MPs, who promised to support the government if it faced a vote of confidence. Nevertheless, these parties were not a part of the government. The UPA thus had at least 335 MPs out of 543 supporting it at the time of its formation. The Left parties, despite ideological differences with the Congress, supported the UPA to ensure a secular government.[56] Withdrawals[edit] Telangana
Telangana
Rashtra Samithi[edit] The Telangana
Telangana
Rashtra Samithi (TRS) was the first party to quit the alliance, first when its ministers quit the Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
government, and finally when an official withdrawal was done at the national level by its president K. Chandrashekar Rao, who resigned his Lok Sabha seat.[57] Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam[edit] Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
(MDMK), began its drift when it tied up with the UPA's rival All India
India
Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) during the Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
elections, and on 16 March 2007 officially withdrew support from the government.[45] Bahujan Samaj Party[edit] On 21 June 2008, the Bahujan Samaj Party, or the BSP, with 18 seats, announced withdrawal of its support after the Congress starting opposing the UP government where the BSP was the ruling party. Their leader Mayawati said that she wouldn't enter an electoral alliance with either the Congress or the BJP. She also accused both parties of misusing the Central Bureau of Investigation or the CBI and attempting to implicate her in the Taj Corridor Case. She also accused Congress of making false promises to help the people of Bundelkhand and Poorvanchal regions as they were suffering from drought. Left Front[edit] On 8 July 2008, Prakash Karat, the general secretary of the Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist) (CPI (M)), announced that the Left Front would be withdrawing support over the decision by the government to go ahead with the Indo-US nuclear deal, a Section 123 Agreement with the United States.[46] Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Peoples Democratic Party[edit] On 4 January 2009, Mehbooba Mufti, president of the Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party announced the withdrawal of the PDP from the UPA given that the Congress had decided to support the Omar Abdullah-led National Conference Government in Jammu & Kashmir after the 2008 state elections.[58] Pattali Makkal Katchi[edit] On 26 March 2009, PMK declared that it would join the AIADMK
AIADMK
led front and withdrew from the UPA and the party president declared that two union ministers of his party will resign shortly. All India
India
Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen[edit] On 12 November 2012, Barrister Asaduddin Owaisi, leader of the AIMIM announced the decision of the party's executive and declared that his party would now go after the state government for its "communal" and "anti-people" policies. Addressing a news conference, Owaisi said his party was compelled to take the decision due to "the communal behaviour of Kiran Kumar Reddy's government in Andhra Pradesh". Giving a detailed account of communal riots in the state and Hyderabad since 2010, he alleged that the Congress government not only turned a blind eye to MIM's demands to withdraw cases against innocent Muslims and take action against the guilty but pandered to the Sangh Parivar. The MIM's decision came after the government allegedly allowed construction of a canopy over a temple abutting the historic Charminar in alleged violation of court orders to maintain status quo. Owaisi criticised the chief minister for ignoring the high court order to maintain status quo.[48][49] Trinamool Congress[edit] On 18 September 2012, TMC Chief, Mamata Banerjee, announced her decision to withdraw support to the UPA after the TMC's demands of rollback of reforms including FDI in retail, increase in the price of diesel and limiting the number of subsidised cooking gas cylinders for households, were not met.[50][51] Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Vikas Morcha[edit] On 1 October 2012 the Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Vikas Morcha, led by Babulal Marandi, withdrew the support of its two MPs to the UPA government. The JVM was part of the UPA. Though this did not impact the stability of the government, the JVM's withdrawal of support came two weeks after a major UPA ally, the Trinamool Congress, pulled out of the alliance. The reason for JVM's withdrawal was the same as the Trinamool's; against the decision to implement 51% FDI in Retail Businesses and the Hike in Diesel Prices.[citation needed] Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam[edit] On 17 October 2012 14 DMK MPs, including central ministers T.R. Baalu and A. Raja were forced to hand in their post-dated resignation letters to the head of the party, due to Spectrum corruption Scandal. The party leader M. K. Karunanithi's daughter Kanimozhi was involved in the 2G case with then Information Technology minister Andimuthu Raja and caused billions of rupees of loss to Government of India.[citation needed] During the investigation, they found a huge sum of money has been exchanged to DMK party leader Karunanithi's wives' TV channel.[citation needed] 2016 The DMK rejoins alliance with Congress.[59] Past general election alliances of Congress (before 2004)[edit]

Election Year Prime Minister Candidate Parties

1977 Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
(Indira) Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Communist Party of India Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Indian Union Muslim League Kerala
Kerala
Congress Revolutionary Socialist Party (breakaway) Independents (2)

1980 Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
(Indira) Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Indian Union Muslim League Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Joseph)

1984 Rajiv Gandhi Indian National Congress

1989 None None

1991 P. V. Narasimha Rao INC

1998 None Indian National Congress Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Mani)

1999 None Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
(Indira) Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Rashtriya Janata Dal United Democratic Front

Controversies[edit] During the discussion for the vote of confidence,[which?][when?] BJP MPs produced cash in the parliament, as viewed on Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
TV, alleging a bribe by the Samajwadi Party
Samajwadi Party
to vote for the government. The BJP claimed to have documentary evidence in a "cash for vote" scam and submitted a report before the parliamentary committee probing the matter.[citation needed] The BJP also wrote a 17-page letter to the Parliamentary committee headed by Congress member V Kishore Chandradeo in this regard. Arun Jaitley
Arun Jaitley
said Samajwadi MP Reoti Raman Singh had offered his party's MPs the cash on the night of 21 July.[citation needed] He also alleged that SP leader Amar Singh was behind the entire episode. Jaitley said: "The investigating agencies did not do their job. So we inquired into the matter and gathered documentary evidence in the case." He alleged the 'cash for vote' scam reflected the subversion of the Indian Parliament, as well as a section of the media.[60] The winter session of parliament in October 2008 came under intense criticism from the Left parties and the BJP to demand a full-fledged winter session instead of what was seen as the UPA to having "scuttled the voice of Parliament" by bringing down the sittings to a record low of 30 days in the year. The tensions between the UPA and the opposition parties became evident at an all-party meeting convened by Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
speaker Somnath Chatterjee
Somnath Chatterjee
when the leader of opposition, LK Advani questioned the status, timing and schedule of the current session of parliament.[61] Karunanidhi had said he felt "let down" by the "lukewarm" response of the Centre and had demanded amendments in the resolution on Sri Lanka.[citation needed] One of the amendments was to "declare that genocide and war crimes had been committed and inflicted on the Eelam Tamils
Eelam Tamils
by the Sri Lankan Army and the administrators". The second one was "establishment of a credible and independent international commission of investigation in a time-bound manner into the allegations of war crimes, crimes against humanity, violations of international human rights law, violations of international humanitarian law and crime of genocide against the Tamils". Karunanidhi said Parliament should adopt the resolution incorporating these two amendments.[62] The UPA has also been criticised for its alleged involvement in a number of scams such as the Commonwealth Games Scam of 2010, the 2G spectrum case, and the Coalgate scam. Apart from the above-mentioned scams, the UPA has been under intense fire for the alleged doles handed out to the son-in-law of the Gandhi family, Robert Vadra, by different state governments run by the UPA.[63] See also[edit]

National Democratic Alliance National Advisory Council Coalition government Third Front (India)

References[edit]

^ "No decision yet on Sonia Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
continuing as UPA chairperson: Veerappa Moily". The Times of India. 26 December 2017. Retrieved 26 December 2017.  ^ "Members: Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Secretariat. Retrieved 14 March 2018.  ^ "United Progressive Alliance, UPA, UPA Performance General Election 2009, UPA Tally, UPA in Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Elections 2009, India
India
Elections 2009, General Elections, Election Manifesto, India
India
Election News, India
India
Elections Results, Indian Election Schedule, 15th Lok Sabha Elections, General Elections 2009, State Assembly Elections, State Assembly Elections Schedule, State Assembly Election Results". electionaffairs.com. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012.  ^ Small parties, independents in great demand. ^ Originally the SP had 39 MPs. 6 MPs defied party whip and have been expelled from the party. Archived 26 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
members Archived 31 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Congress pins hopes on Jyoti Basu". The Times of India. [dead link] ^ Madhu Koda to be next Jharkhand
Jharkhand
CM. Retrieved 26 March 2007. ^ "Indian government survives vote". BBC News. 22 July 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2014.  ^ "Cash-for-votes scam: The deadly secrets of sting Singh : Cover Story - India
India
Today". intoday.in.  ^ "Cash For Vote Scam - Amar Singh - Supreme Court - Sudheendra Kulkarni - Swamajwadi Party - BJP". www.oneindia.com.  ^ "Cash-for-vote scam 2008: Court orders further probe". indianexpress.com.  ^ Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh
Legislative Assembly ^ Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Legislative Assembly ^ Assam
Assam
Legislative Assembly ^ Bihar
Bihar
Legislative Assembly ^ Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
Legislative Assembly ^ Goa
Goa
Legislative Assembly ^ Gujarat
Gujarat
Legislative Assembly ^ Haryana
Haryana
Legislative Assembly ^ Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
Legislative Assembly ^ Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Legislative Assembly ^ Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Legislative Assembly ^ Karnataka
Karnataka
Legislative Assembly ^ Kerala
Kerala
Legislature ^ Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
Legislative Assembly ^ Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Legislative Assembly ^ Manipur
Manipur
Legislative Assembly ^ Meghalaya
Meghalaya
Legislative Assembly ^ Mizoram
Mizoram
Legislative Assembly ^ Nagaland
Nagaland
Legislative Assembly ^ Odisha
Odisha
Legislative Assembly ^ Punjab Legislative Assembly ^ Rajasthan
Rajasthan
Legislative Assembly ^ Sikkim
Sikkim
Legislative Assembly ^ Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
Legislative Assembly ^ Telangana
Telangana
Legislative Assembly ^ Tripura
Tripura
Legislative Assembly ^ Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
Legislative Assembly ^ Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Legislative Assembly ^ West Bengal
West Bengal
Legislative Assembly ^ Delhi Legislative Assembly ^ Puducherry
Puducherry
Legislative Assembly ^ TRS withdraws support to the UPA. ^ a b Vaiko withdraws support. Retrieved 26 March 2007. ^ a b c "Left pulls out, will meet President Patil on Wednesday". expressindia.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012.  ^ PDP withdraws from UPA, The Indian Express. 5 January 2009 ^ a b "Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen withdraws support to Andhra Pradesh government and UPA". The Times of India. 13 November 2012.  ^ a b "MIM withdraws support to UPA, Congress in Andhra Pradesh". dna.  ^ a b "Rupee falls after TMC pulls out from government". Monetcontrol.com. Retrieved 20 September 2012.  ^ a b "Mamata's party ready to meet President tomorrow to officially quit UPA". NDTV. Retrieved 20 September 2012.  ^ NCP announces end of 15-year-old alliance with Congress in Maharashtra
Maharashtra
- TIMESNOW.tv - Latest Breaking News, Big News Stories, News Videos ^ "Ahead of assembly polls Cong, JMM part ways over seat sharing in Jharkhand". livemint.com/.  ^ Nitish Kumar hails SJD's merger with JD-U in Kerala : South, News - India
India
Today ^ SJD Merges with Sharad Yadav's Janata Dal (United)
Janata Dal (United)
- The New Indian Express ^ "Secular govt a priority: Basu." Rediff Election Bureau 13 May 2004. ^ TRS withdraws support to the UPA. Retrieved 26 March 2007. ^ PDP withdraws from UPA, The Indian Express. 5 January 2009 ^ http://indianexpress.com/article/india/politics/dmk-congress-forge-alliance-ahead-of-tamil-nadu-assembly-elections ^ "We have documentary proof of 'cash for vote' scam: BJP". Express India. Archived from the original on 7 August 2008.  ^ Political Bureau. "Left joins BJP to sing chorus against UPA". The Financial Express.  ^ "DMK pulls out of UPA govt over Sri Lanka Tamils issue – The Times of India". The Times of India.  ^ "CAG raps Haryana
Haryana
govt. for showing undue favours to Robert vadra". The Economic Times. 

External links[edit]

Common Minimum Programme of the UPA. Arora, Balveer and Tawa Lama Rewal, Stéphanie. "Introduction: Contextualizing and Interpreting the 15th Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
Elections". South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal, 3, 2009

v t e

Political parties in India
India

Current national coalitions

National Democratic Alliance United Progressive Alliance Third Front Janata Parivar

Former national coalitions

Janata Party National Front United Front

Recognised national parties

All India
India
Trinamool Congress Bahujan Samaj Party Bharatiya Janata Party Communist Party of India Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist) Indian National Congress Nationalist Congress Party

Recognised state parties

Aam Aadmi Party All India
India
Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam All India
India
Forward Bloc All India
India
Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen All India
India
United Democratic Front Asom Gana Parishad Biju Janata Dal Bodoland People's Front Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Indian National Lok Dal Jammu & Kashmir National Conference Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Peoples Democratic Party Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(Secular) Janata Dal
Janata Dal
(United) Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Mukti Morcha Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik) Karnataka
Karnataka
Pragnyavantha Janatha Party Kerala
Kerala
Congress Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Mani) Lok Jan Shakti Party Maharashtra
Maharashtra
Navnirman Sena Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party Manipur
Manipur
Peoples Party Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Meghalaya
Meghalaya
Democratic Party Mizo National Front Mizoram
Mizoram
People's Conference Muslim League Kerala
Kerala
State Committee Naga People's Front National People's Party N.R. Congress Pattali Makkal Katchi People's Party of Punjab Rashtriya Janata Dal Rashtriya Lok Dal Rashtriya Lok Samta Party Revolutionary Socialist Party Samajwadi Party Shiromani Akali Dal Shiv Sena Sikkim
Sikkim
Democratic Front Telangana
Telangana
Rashtra Samithi Telugu Desam Party United Democratic Party Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
Kranti Dal YSR Congress Party Mahan Dal Zoram Nationalist Party

Other parties in parliament

Apna Dal
Apna Dal
(Sonelal) Bahujan Vikas Aaghadi Jan Adhikar Party Socialist Unity Centre of India
India
(Communist) Swabhimani Paksha Swatantra Bharat Paksh

Unrecognised parties or parties with limited presence

Apna Dal All India
India
Muslim Forum Arunachal Congress Bharipa Bahujan Mahasangh Bharatiya Awam Party Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh
Janata Congress Communist Marxist Party Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist–Leninist) Liberation Democratic Socialist Party (Prabodh Chandra) Gorkha Janmukti Morcha Hindu Sena Hindustani Awam Morcha Indian Federal Democratic Party Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
(Socialist) Indian National League Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra Jana Sena Party Janathipathiya Samrakshana Samithy Jharkhand
Jharkhand
Party Karnataka
Karnataka
Janata Paksha Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Balakrishna Pillai) Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Jacob) Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Secular) Kerala
Kerala
People's Party Kongunadu Munnetra Peravai Lok Satta Party Naam Tamilar Katchi People's Guardian Peoples Republican Party Peoples’ Resurgence and Justice Alliance Perunthalaivar Makkal Katchi Pragatisheel Indira Congress Professionals Party of India Puthiya Tamilagam Puducherry
Puducherry
Munnetra Congress Republican Party of India
India
(Gavai) Republican Party of India
India
(Athvale) Republican Party of India
India
(Kamble) Republican Party of India
India
(Democratic) Republican Party of India
India
(Khobragade) Revolutionary Socialist Party (Baby John) Revolutionary Socialist Party (Bolshevik) Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) Sikkim
Sikkim
Krantikari Morcha Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi United Goans Democratic Party Welfare Party of India

Former political parties

Janata Dal Justice Party Praja Socialist Party Swatantra Party

Portal:Politics List of political parties Politics of India

v t e

United Progressive Alliance

Members

National Party

Indian National Congress

State Parties

Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Indian Union Muslim League Kerala
Kerala
Congress (M) Revolutionary Socialist Party (India) Rashtriya Lok Dal Rashtriya Janata Dal Mahan Dal Peace Party of India Communist Marxist Party Kerala
Kerala
Congress (Jacob)

Leaders

Sonia Gandhi Rahul Gandhi Manmohan Singh Motilal Vora Ghulam Nabi Azad Mallikarjun Kharge M. Karunanidhi M.K. Stalin Lalu Prasad Yadav Tejashwi Yadav E. Ahmed K. M. Mani P. J. Joseph T. J. Chandrachoodan Ajit Singh Jayant Chaudhary Keshav Dev Maurya Mohammad Ayub CP John Anoop Jacob Johnny Nellore Ahmed Patel Madhusudan Mistry Anand Sharma Digvijaya Si

.