New York City
HEAD Achim Steiner (Administrator-Designate)
PARENT ORGANIZATION ECOSOC
The UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP) is the United Nations ' global development network.
New York City
To accomplish the MDGs and encourage global development, UNDP focuses on poverty reduction, HIV/AIDS, democratic governance, energy and environment, social development, and crisis prevention and recovery. UNDP also encourages the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women in all of its programmes. The UNDP Human Development Report Office also publishes an annual Human Development Report (since 1990) to measure and analyse developmental progress. In addition to a global Report, UNDP publishes regional, national, and local Human Development Reports.
UNDP is funded entirely by voluntary contributions from member
nations. The organization operates in 177 countries, where it works
with local governments to meet development challenges and develop
local capacity . Additionally, the UNDP works internationally to help
countries achieve the
Millennium Development Goals
UNDP works with nations on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. As they develop local capacity, they draw on the people of UNDP and its wide range of partners.
* 1 Founding
* 2 Budget
* 2.1 Funding information table
* 3 Functions
* 3.1 Democratic governance
* 4 Global Policy Centers
* 5 UN co-ordination role
* 6 Controversies
* 6.1 NSA surveillance
* 6.2 Allegations of UNDP resources used by
* 7 Administrator
* 7.1 Associate Administrator * 7.2 Assistant Administrators
* 8 Goodwill Ambassadors
* 8.1 Global Ambassadors
* 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links
The UNDP was founded on 22 November 1965 with the merger of the
Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance (EPTA) and the Special
Fund. The rationale was to "avoid duplication of activities". The
EPTA was set up in 1949 to help the economic and political aspects of
underdeveloped countries while the
Countries such as the Nordic countries were proponents of such a
With the US proposing and creating the International Development
Association within the World Bank's umbrella, the EPTA and the Special
Fund appeared to be conducting similar work. In 1962, the United
Nations Economic and Social Council asked the Secretary General to
consider the merits and disadvantages of merging UN technical
assistance programs and in 1966, the EPTA and the
In 2013, UNDP’s entire budget was approximately US$5 billion.
FUNDING INFORMATION TABLE
The following table lists the top 15 DAC 5 Digit Sectors to which UNDP has committed funding, as recorded in its International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) publications. The UNDP claims on the IATI Registry website that the data covers 100% of development flows.
COMMITTED FUNDING (US$ MILLIONS)
SECTOR 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 SUM
Security system management and reform 624.3 541.7 591.6 643.8 656.4 3,057.9
STD control including HIV/AIDS 415.9 421.4 412.1 465.2 483.5 2,198.1
Public sector policy and administrative management 216.3 299.3 372.2 456.9 462.9 1,807.7
Decentralisation and support to subnational government 256.7 327.5 302.7 338.4 505.8 1,731.1
Reconstruction relief and rehabilitation 249.0 282.5 338.1 376.5 422.0 1,668.2
Elections 157.8 267.8 330.3 279.0 149.8 1,184.7
Disaster prevention and preparedness 146.4 170.2 211.2 243.7 241.3 1,012.9
Energy policy and administrative management 113.3 157.0 198.9 212.3 316.2 997.6
General budget support 77.6 142.7 263.1 223.7 273.9 981.1
Social/ welfare services 108.7 149.4 155.4 219.4 195.2 828.1
Legal and judicial development 62.1 76.6 97.5 113.8 106.9 456.8
Environmental policy and administrative management 49.6 63.4 70.9 95.4 122.0 401.3
Power generation/renewable sources 42.8 44.4 60.3 101.0 125.2 373.7
Democratic participation and civil society 56.3 62.1 62.1 65.9 76.6 323.0
Human rights 28.1 45.5 52.4 88.5 56.2 270.8
OTHER 334.5 315.5 379.8 507.3 969.5 2,506.6
TOTAL 2,939.5 3,367.1 3,898.5 4,430.9 5,163.6 19,799.6
UNDP’s offices and staff are on the ground in 177 countries, working with governments and local communities to help them find solutions to global and national development challenges.
UNDP links and coordinates global and national efforts to achieve the goals and national development priorities laid out by host countries. UNDP focuses primarily on five developmental challenges:
UNDP supports national democratic transitions by providing policy advice and technical support, improving institutional and individual capacity within countries, educating populations about and advocating for democratic reforms, promoting negotiation and dialogue, and sharing successful experiences from other countries and locations. UNDP also supports existing democratic institutions by increasing dialogue, enhancing national debate, and facilitating consensus on national governance programmes.
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UNDP helps countries develop strategies to combat poverty by expanding access to economic opportunities and resources, linking poverty programmes with countries’ larger goals and policies, and ensuring a greater voice for the poor. UNDP also works at the macro level to reform trade, encourage debt relief and foreign investment, and ensure the poorest of the poor benefit from globalisation. On the ground, UNDP sponsors developmental pilot projects, promotes the role of women in development , and coordinates efforts between governments, NGOs, and outside donors. In this way, UNDP works with local leaders and governments to provide opportunities for impoverished people to create businesses and improve their economic condition.
International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth (IPC-IG )
A 2013 evaluation of the UNDP’s poverty reduction efforts states that the UNDP has effectively supported national efforts to reduce poverty, by helping governments make policy changes that benefit the poor. Nevertheless, the same evaluation also states there is a strong need for better measurement and monitoring of the impacts of the UNDP's work. The UNDP’s Strategic Plan 2014-2017 incorporates the recommendations of this poverty evaluation.
CRISIS PREVENTION AND RECOVERY
UNDP works to reduce the risk of armed conflicts or disasters , and promote early recovery after crisis have occurred. UNDP works through its country offices to support local government in needs assessment, capacity development, coordinated planning, and policy and standard setting.
Examples of UNDP risk reduction programmes include efforts to control small arms proliferation , strategies to reduce the impact of natural disasters, and programmes to encourage use of diplomacy and prevent violence. Recovery programmes include disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants, demining efforts, programmes to reintegrate displaced persons, restoration of basic services, and transitional justice systems for countries recovering from warfare.
ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY
As the poor are disproportionately affected by environmental degradation and lack of access to clean, affordable water, sanitation and energy services, UNDP seeks to address environmental issues in order to improve developing countries’ abilities to develop sustainably, increase human development and reduce poverty . UNDP works with countries to strengthen their capacity to address global environmental issues by providing innovative policy advice and linking partners through environmentally sensitive development projects that help poor people build sustainable livelihoods.
UNDP’s environmental strategy focuses on effective water governance including access to water supply and sanitation , access to sustainable energy services, Sustainable land management to combat desertification and land degradation, conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity , and policies to control emissions of harmful pollutants and ozone-depleting substances. UNDP's Equator Initiative office biennially offers the Equator Prize to recognize outstanding indigenous community efforts to reduce poverty through the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, and thus making local contributions to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
In 2012 the
HIV/AIDS is a big issue in today's society and UNDP works to help countries prevent further spreading and reduce its impact, convening The Global Commission on HIV and the Law which reported in 2012.
HUB FOR INNOVATIVE PARTNERSHIPS
Major programmes underway are:
* ART Global Initiative * World Alliance of Cities Against Poverty * Territorial Approach to Climate Change * Africa–Kazakhstan Partnership for the SDGs
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT
Since 1990, the UNDP has annually published the Human Development
Report , which includes topics on Human Development and the annual
Human Development Index
The UNDP spends about 0.2% of its budget on internal evaluation of the effectiveness of its programmes. The UNDP’s Evaluation Office is a member of the UN Evaluation Group (UNEG) which brings together all the units responsible for evaluation in the UN system. Currently the UNEG has 43 members and 3 observers.
GLOBAL POLICY CENTERS
The UNDP runs six GPCs, including the Seoul GPC on partnerships, and the Global Center for Public Service Excellence that issues the influential 'Raffles Review' on developments in public administration research.
UN CO-ORDINATION ROLE
UNDP plays a significant co-ordination role for the UN’s activities in the field of development. This is mainly executed through its leadership of the UN Development Group and through the Resident Co-ordinator System.
UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT GROUP
UNDG develops policies and procedures that allow member agencies
to work together and analyse country issues, plan support strategies,
implement support programmes, monitor results and advocate for change.
These initiatives increase UN impact in helping countries achieve the
Millennium Development Goals
32 UN agencies are members of the UNDG. The Executive Committee
consists of the four "founding members":
RESIDENT COORDINATOR SYSTEM
Resident Coordinator (RC) system co-ordinates all organizations
Further information: Global surveillance disclosure
ALLEGATIONS OF UNDP RESOURCES USED BY HAMAS
In August 2016, Israel's
Among "various assignments" he performed on behalf of Gaza's dominant
Islamist group was assistance in building a maritime jetty for its
fighters "using UNDP resources," the
It said Bursh also persuaded his UNDP superiors to prioritize the
The UNDP has been criticised by members of its staff and the Bush
administration of the
DISARMAMENT AND CONTROVERSY
In mid-2006, as first reported by Inner City Press and then by The New Vision, UNDP halted its disarmament programmes in the Karamoja region of Uganda in response to human rights abuses in the parallel forcible disarmament programmes carried out by the Uganda People\'s Defence Force .
The UNDP Administrator has the rank of an Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations. While the Administrator is often referred to as the third highest-ranking official in the UN (after the UN Secretary General and the UN Deputy Secretary General), this has never been formally codified.
In addition to his or her responsibilities as head of UNDP, the Administrator is also the Chair of the UN Development Group .
The position of Administrator is appointed by the Secretary-General of the UN and confirmed by the General Assembly for a term of four years.
Achim Steiner is the current Administrator. The five countries on the UNDP board have some influence over selection of the administrator.
The first administrator of the UNDP was
Paul G. Hoffman
Other holders of the position have included:
Bradford Morse , former
Republican congressman from Massachusetts; William Draper , venture
capitalist and friend of
George H.W. Bush who saw one of the UN
system's major achievements, the
Human Development Report , introduced
during his tenure;
Mark Malloch Brown , who was previously Vice
President of External Affairs at the
NR ADMINISTRATOR LAND TERM
William Henry Draper
During meetings of the UN Development Group , which are chaired by the Administrator, UNDP is represented by the Associate Administrator. The position is currently held by Tegegnework Gettu , appointed on 1 December 2015.
Assistant Administrators of the UNDP, Assistant United Nations Secretary Generals and Directors of the Regional Bureaus are
* Michael O’Neill (United Kingdom), for Bureau of External
Relations and Advocacy;
* Magdy Martínez-Solimán (Spain), for Bureau of Development
Jordan Ryan (United States), for Bureau of Crisis Prevention and
* Jens Wandel (Denmark), for Bureau of Management;
Abdoulaye Mar Dieye (Senegal), for Africa;
* Sima Sami Bahous (Jordan), for
* Human development
International Development Association
* ^ "UNDP Executive Board welcomes appointment of
Achim Steiner as
new Administrator". 19 Apr 2017.
* ^ "Background Guide;: Executive board of the United Nations
Development Programme (UNDP)" (PDF). UN-USA. Archived from the
original (PDF) on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2007. (from
* ^ un.org Archived 24 September 2011 at the
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