The ACM A.M.
Year Recipient Rationale 1966 Alan J. Perlis For his influence in the area of advanced computer programming techniques and compiler construction[10] 1967
Maurice Wilkes
Professor Wilkes is best known as the builder and designer of the
EDSAC, the first computer with an internally stored program. Built in
1949, the
1968 Richard Hamming For his work on numerical methods, automatic coding systems, and error-detecting and error-correcting codes[12] 1969 Marvin Minsky For his central role in creating, shaping, promoting, and advancing the field of artificial intelligence.[13] 1970 James H. Wilkinson For his research in numerical analysis to facilitate the use of the high-speed digital computer, having received special recognition for his work in computations in linear algebra and "backward" error analysis[14] 1971 John McCarthy McCarthy's lecture "The Present State of Research on Artificial Intelligence" is a topic that covers the area in which he has achieved considerable recognition for his work[15] 1972 Edsger W. Dijkstra Edsger Dijkstra was a principal contributor in the late 1950s to the development of the ALGOL, a high level programming language which has become a model of clarity and mathematical rigor. He is one of the principal proponents of the science and art of programming languages in general, and has greatly contributed to our understanding of their structure, representation, and implementation. His fifteen years of publications extend from theoretical articles on graph theory to basic manuals, expository texts, and philosophical contemplations in the field of programming languages[16] 1973 Charles W. Bachman For his outstanding contributions to database technology[17] 1974 Donald E. Knuth For his major contributions to the analysis of algorithms and the design of programming languages, and in particular for his contributions to "The Art of Computer Programming" through his well-known books in a continuous series by this title[18] 1975
1976
1977 John Backus For profound, influential, and lasting contributions to the design of practical high-level programming systems, notably through his work on FORTRAN, and for seminal publication of formal procedures for the specification of programming languages[23] 1978 Robert W. Floyd For having a clear influence on methodologies for the creation of efficient and reliable software, and for helping to found the following important subfields of computer science: the theory of parsing, the semantics of programming languages, automatic program verification, automatic program synthesis, and analysis of algorithms[24] 1979 Kenneth E. Iverson For his pioneering effort in programming languages and mathematical notation resulting in what the computing field now knows as APL, for his contributions to the implementation of interactive systems, to educational uses of APL, and to programming language theory and practice[25] 1980 Tony Hoare For his fundamental contributions to the definition and design of programming languages[26] 1981 Edgar F. Codd For his fundamental and continuing contributions to the theory and practice of database management systems, esp. relational databases[27] 1982 Stephen A. Cook For his advancement of our understanding of the complexity of computation in a significant and profound way[28] 1983
1984 Niklaus Wirth For developing a sequence of innovative computer languages, EULER, ALGOL-W, MODULA and Pascal 1985 Richard M. Karp For his continuing contributions to the theory of algorithms including the development of efficient algorithms for network flow and other combinatorial optimization problems, the identification of polynomial-time computability with the intuitive notion of algorithmic efficiency, and, most notably, contributions to the theory of NP-completeness 1986
1987 John Cocke For significant contributions in the design and theory of compilers, the architecture of large systems and the development of reduced instruction set computers (RISC) 1988 Ivan Sutherland For his pioneering and visionary contributions to computer graphics, starting with Sketchpad, and continuing after 1989 William Kahan For his fundamental contributions to numerical analysis. One of the foremost experts on floating-point computations. Kahan has dedicated himself to "making the world safe for numerical computations." 1990 Fernando J. Corbató For his pioneering work organizing the concepts and leading the development of the general-purpose, large-scale, time-sharing and resource-sharing computer systems, CTSS and Multics. 1991 Robin Milner For three distinct and complete achievements: 1) LCF, the mechanization of Scott's Logic of Computable Functions, probably the first theoretically based yet practical tool for machine assisted proof construction; 2) ML, the first language to include polymorphic type inference together with a type-safe exception-handling mechanism; 3) CCS, a general theory of concurrency. In addition, he formulated and strongly advanced full abstraction, the study of the relationship between operational and denotational semantics.[29] 1992 Butler W. Lampson For contributions to the development of distributed, personal computing environments and the technology for their implementation: workstations, networks, operating systems, programming systems, displays, security and document publishing. 1993
1994
1995 Manuel Blum In recognition of his contributions to the foundations of computational complexity theory and its application to cryptography and program checking. 1996 Amir Pnueli For seminal work introducing temporal logic into computing science and for outstanding contributions to program and systems verification. 1997 Douglas Engelbart For an inspiring vision of the future of interactive computing and the invention of key technologies to help realize this vision. 1998 Jim Gray For seminal contributions to database and transaction processing research and technical leadership in system implementation. 1999 Frederick P. Brooks, Jr. For landmark contributions to computer architecture, operating systems, and software engineering. 2000 Andrew Chi-Chih Yao In recognition of his fundamental contributions to the theory of computation, including the complexity-based theory of pseudorandom number generation, cryptography, and communication complexity. 2001
2002
Ronald L. Rivest,
2003 Alan Kay For pioneering many of the ideas at the root of contemporary object-oriented programming languages, leading the team that developed Smalltalk, and for fundamental contributions to personal computing. 2004
2005
Peter Naur
For fundamental contributions to programming language design and the
definition of
2006 Frances E. Allen For pioneering contributions to the theory and practice of optimizing compiler techniques that laid the foundation for modern optimizing compilers and automatic parallel execution. 2007
Edmund M. Clarke,
2008 Barbara Liskov For contributions to practical and theoretical foundations of programming language and system design, especially related to data abstraction, fault tolerance, and distributed computing. 2009 Charles P. Thacker For his pioneering design and realization of the Xerox Alto, the first modern personal computer, and in addition for his contributions to the Ethernet and the Tablet PC. 2010 Leslie G. Valiant For transformative contributions to the theory of computation, including the theory of probably approximately correct (PAC) learning, the complexity of enumeration and of algebraic computation, and the theory of parallel and distributed computing. 2011 Judea Pearl[33] For fundamental contributions to artificial intelligence through the development of a calculus for probabilistic and causal reasoning.[34] 2012 Silvio Micali Shafi Goldwasser For transformative work that laid the complexity-theoretic foundations for the science of cryptography and in the process pioneered new methods for efficient verification of mathematical proofs in complexity theory.[35] 2013 Leslie Lamport For fundamental contributions to the theory and practice of distributed and concurrent systems, notably the invention of concepts such as causality and logical clocks, safety and liveness, replicated state machines, and sequential consistency.[36][37] 2014 Michael Stonebraker For fundamental contributions to the concepts and practices underlying modern database systems.[38] 2015 Martin E. Hellman Whitfield Diffie For fundamental contributions to modern cryptography. Diffie and Hellman's groundbreaking 1976 paper, "New Directions in Cryptography,"[39] introduced the ideas of public-key cryptography and digital signatures, which are the foundation for most regularly-used security protocols on the internet today.[40] 2016 Tim Berners-Lee For inventing the World Wide Web, the first web browser, and the fundamental protocols and algorithms allowing the Web to scale.[41] 2017 John L. Hennessy David A. Patterson For pioneering a systematic, quantitative approach to the design and evaluation of computer architectures with enduring impact on the microprocessor industry.[42] See also[edit] List of ACM Awards
List of science and technology awards
List of prizes named after people
IEEE John von Neumann Medal
List of
References[edit] ^ a b Cacm Staff (2014). "ACM's
External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Turing Award. ACM Chronological listing of Turing Laureates
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