TRURO (/ˈtrʊəroʊ/ ; Cornish : Truru) is a city and civil parish
Cornwall , England, United Kingdom.
Truro is Cornwall's county town
and only city, its centre for administration, leisure and retail and
had a population recorded in the 2011 census of 18,766. It is the
most southern city in mainland Great Britain. People from
known as Truronians.
Truro grew as a centre of trade from its port and then as a stannary
town for the tin mining industry. The city's cathedral was completed
in 1910. Places of interest include the Royal
Cornwall Museum , the
Cornwall and Cornwall's Courts of Justice .
* 1 Toponymy
* 2 History
* 3 Geography
* 4 Demography and economy
* 5 Culture
* 5.1 Attractions
* 5.2 Events
* 5.3 Sports
* 5.4 Media
* 5.5 Customs
* 6 Climate
* 7 Administration
* 7.1 Twinning
* 8 Transport
* 8.1 Roads and bus services
* 8.2 Railways
* 8.3 Air and river transport
* 9 Churches
* 10 Education
* 11 Development
* 12 Notable residents
* 13 See also
* 14 References
* 15 External links
The origin of Truro's name is debated. It is said to be derived from
the Cornish tri-veru meaning "three rivers", but references such as
Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names reject this theory. The
"tru" part might mean "three", though this is doubtful. An expert on
Oliver Padel , in his book A Popular Dictionary
of Cornish Place-names, wrote that the 'three rivers' meaning is
"possible". Alternatively the name may derive from *tre-uro or
similar, i.e. the settlement on the river *uro.
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The earliest records and archaeological findings of a permanent
settlement in the
Truro area originate from Norman times . A castle
was built in the 12th century by
Richard de Luci , Chief Justice of
England in the reign of Henry II , who for his services to the court
was granted land in Cornwall, including the area surrounding the
confluence of the two rivers. The town grew in the shadow of the
castle and was awarded borough status to further economic activity.
The castle has long since gone.
Richard de Lucy fought in
Cornwall under Count Alan of
leaving Falaise late in 1138. The small adulterine castle at Truro,
Cornwall (originally the parish of Kenwyn), later known as
“Castellum de Guelon” was probably built by him between 1139-1140.
He styled himself "Richard de Lucy, de Trivereu". The castle later
passed to Reginald FitzRoy (also known as Reginald de Dunstanville),
an illegitimate son of Henry I, when he was invested by King Stephen
as the first Earl of Cornwall. Reginald married Mabel FitzRichard,
daughter of William FitzRichard, a substantial landholder in Cornwall.
The 75-foot (23 m) diameter castle was in ruins by 1270 and the motte
levelled in 1840. It is today the site of the Crown Court. Reginald
FitzRoy confirmed c1170 in a charter to the burgesses of
privileges which had been granted by Richard de Lucy. Richard held ten
Knights Fees in
Cornwall prior to 1135 and at his death a third of his
considerable total holding remained in Cornwall.
By the start of the 14th century
Truro was an important port, due to
its inland location away from invaders, prosperity from the fishing
industry, and its new role as one of Cornwall's stannary towns for
assaying and stamping tin and copper from Cornish mines. The Black
Death arrived, and with it a trade recession , resulting in a mass
exodus of the population; and the town was left in a very neglected
Trade gradually returned and the town became prosperous during the
Tudor period. Self-governance was awarded in 1589 when a new charter
was granted by
Elizabeth I , which gave
Truro an elected mayor and
control over the port of Falmouth .
During the Civil War in the 17th century,
Truro raised a sizeable
force to fight for the king and a royalist mint was set up. Defeat by
the Parliamentary troops came in 1646 and the mint was moved to Exeter
. Later in the century Falmouth was awarded its own charter giving it
rights to its harbour, starting a long rivalry between the two towns.
The dispute was settled in 1709 with control of the
River Fal divided
Truro and Falmouth. The arms of the city of
Truro are "Gules
the base wavy of six Argent and Azure, thereon an ancient ship of
three masts under sail, on each topmast a banner of St George, on the
waves in base two fishes of the second". Boscawen Street in 1810
Truro prospered greatly during the 18th and 19th centuries. Industry
flourished thanks to improved mining methods and higher prices for
tin, and the town attracted wealthy mine owners. Elegant Georgian and
Victorian townhouses were built, such as those seen today on Lemon
Street, named after the mining magnate and local MP Sir William Lemon
Truro became the centre for high society in the county, being
mentioned as "the
London of Cornwall". The Cathedral in 1905,
before completion of the spires
Throughout those prosperous times
Truro remained a social centre, and
many notable people hailed from it. One of the most noteworthy
residents was Richard Lander , an explorer who discovered the mouth of
River Niger in Africa and was awarded the first gold medal of the
Royal Geographical Society
Royal Geographical Society .
Henry Martyn read mathematics at
Cambridge, was ordained and became a missionary, translating the New
Testament into Urdu and Persian. Others include
Humphry Davy ,
Truro and the inventor of the miner\'s safety lamp , and
Samuel Foote , an actor and playwright from Boscawen Street.
Truro's importance increased later in the 19th century and it had its
own iron smelting works, potteries , and tanneries . The Great Western
Railway arrived in
Truro in the 1860s with a direct line from London
Paddington , and the
Bishopric of Truro Act 1876 which gave the town a
bishop, then a cathedral. The next year
Queen Victoria granted Truro
The start of the 20th century saw a decline of the mining industry;
however the city remained prosperous as instead of its previous role
as a market town
Truro became the administrative and commercial centre
of Cornwall, and saw substantial development. Today,
Truro is still
the retail centre of
Cornwall but, like many other cities, faces
concerns over the replacement of many of its renowned speciality shops
by national chain stores , the erosion of its identity, and also over
how to accommodate expected growth in the 21st century.
Kenwyn which converges with the Allen to become the River
Truro is located in the centre of western Cornwall, about 9 miles (14
kilometres) from the south coast on the confluence of the rivers
Kenwyn and Allen , which combine to become the
Truro River , one of a
series of creeks, rivers and drowned valleys leading into the River
Fal and then to the large natural harbour of
Carrick Roads . The river
valleys form a bowl surrounding the city on the north, east and west
and open to the
Truro River in the south. The fairly steep-sided bowl
Truro is located, along with high precipitation swelling the
rivers and a spring tide in the River Fal, were major factors in the
1988 floods which seriously damaged the city centre. Since then, flood
defences have been constructed around the city, including an emergency
dam at New Mill on the River
Kenwyn and a tidal barrier on the Truro
The city is surrounded by a number of protected natural areas such as
the historic parklands at
Pencalenick , and larger areas of ornamental
landscape, such as
Trelissick Garden and
Tregothnan further down the
Truro River. An area south-east of the city, around and including
Calenick Creek, has been designated an Area of Outstanding Natural
Beauty . Other protected areas include an Area of Great Landscape
Value comprising agricultural land and wooded valleys to the north
east, and Daubuz Moors, a
Local Nature Reserve alongside the River
Allen close to the city centre.
Truro has mainly grown and developed around the historic city centre
in a nucleated fashion along the slopes of the bowl valley, except for
fast linear development along the A390 to the west, towards
Threemilestone . As
Truro has grown, it has incorporated a number of
other settlements as suburbs or unofficial districts. These include
Kenwyn and Moresk to the north, Trelander to the east, Newham to the
south, and Highertown, Treliske and Gloweth to the west.
DEMOGRAPHY AND ECONOMY
Sunday morning on Pydar Street
Truro urban statistical area, which includes parts of surrounding
parishes, had a 2001 census population of 20,920. By 2011 the
Threemilestone was 23,040. Truro's status as the
county's number one destination for retail and leisure, and its role
as the administrative centre of the county, is unusual as it is only
the fourth most populous settlement in Cornwall. Furthermore,
population growth has been slow compared to other Cornish towns and
Cornwall as a whole, at 10.5% from 1971 to 1998.
Major employers in the city include the Royal
Cornwall Hospital ,
Cornwall Council , and
Truro College . There are about 22,000 jobs
available in Truro, compared to only 9,500 economically active people
living in the city. So many local workers commute into Truro: a major
factor in the city's traffic congestion problems. Average earnings are
higher than the rest of Cornwall.
Housing prices in
Truro are at an all-time high, and are 8% higher
than the rest of Cornwall.
Truro was named in 2006 as the top small
city in the
United Kingdom for increasing house prices, at 262% since
1996. There is a heavy demand for new housing in the city, and a call
for inner city properties to be converted into flats or houses to
encourage city centre living and to reduce the dependence on cars.
The west front of the Cathedral
Truro's most recognisable feature is its
Gothic-revival Cathedral ,
designed by architect
John Loughborough Pearson
John Loughborough Pearson and rising 76 m (249
ft) above the city at its highest spire. It took 30 years to build,
from 1880 to 1910, and was built on the site of the old St. Mary's
Church, consecrated over 600 years earlier. Enthusiasts of Georgian
architecture are well catered for in the city, with terraces and
townhouses along Walsingham Place and Lemon Street often said to be
"the finest examples of
Georgian architecture west of the city of Bath
The main attraction for local residents in the region is the wide
variety of shops.
Truro has various chain stores , speciality shops
and markets , which reflect its historic tradition as a market town .
The indoor Pannier Market is open year-round with many stalls and
small businesses. The city is also popular for its eateries, including
cafés and bistros. Additionally, it has emerged as a popular
destination for nightlife with many bars, clubs and restaurants
Truro is also known for the Hall for
Cornwall , a performing
arts and entertainment venue.
Cornwall Museum is the oldest and premier museum in
Cornwall for exhibitions detailing Cornish history and culture , with
a wide range of collections such as archaeology , art and geology.
Among the exhibits of the museum there is the so-called Arthur\'s
inscribed stone .
Truro is also noted for its parks and open spaces,
including Victoria Gardens,
Boscawen Park and Daubuz Moors.
Lemon Quay is the centre of most festivities in Truro, which attracts
visitors year-round with numerous different events.
Truro prepares to partake in the Britain in Bloom
competition, with many floral displays and hanging baskets dotted
around the city throughout the summer. A "continental market" also
Truro during the season and features food and craft stalls
from all over Europe including France, Spain, Italy, Germany, Belgium,
the Netherlands and Greece.
Cornwall Pride, a
Pride event which celebrates diversity and the LGBT
community , takes place on the last Saturday of every August.
Truro City Carnival takes place every September over a weekend,
including various arts and music performances, children's activities,
a fireworks display, food and drinks fairs, a circus , and a parade. A
half-marathon also takes place in September, organised by Truro
Running Club, with hundreds of participants running from the city
centre into the countryside towards Kea, returning to finish at Lemon
Celtic cross near the Cathedral
Truro celebrates the Christmas season with its Winter Festival, which
includes a paper lantern parade known as the City of Lights
Procession. Many local primary schools as well as colleges and
community and youth groups join in the procession. Students at the
local college in
Truro have created large lanterns, complementing the
work of the core artists team. There are Christmas lights throughout
the city centre, as well a "big switch-on" event, speciality products
and crafts fairs, late-night shopping evenings, various events at the
Cathedral and a fireworks display on New Year's Eve. A Christmas tree
is put up on the Piazza, and another outside the Cathedral at High
Cross . A badly executed fundraising operation left the city with
underwhelming decorations in 2005, but the 2006 Festival was much more
successful: it featured extensive festivities and decoration including
an artificial ski slope constructed on Lemon Quay.
Truro was temporarily the home to rugby union club
Cornish Pirates ,
but the team is now back at its historical base in
Discussions are currently in progress about the possible construction
of a Stadium for
Cornwall , planned for
Threemilestone . The town has
an amateur rugby union side,
Truro RFC (founded 1885), who are in
Tribute Western Counties West and play home games at St Clements Hill,
which has also hosted the CRFU
Cornwall Cup on a number of occasions.
The city is also home to
Truro City F.C. , a football team in the
National League South
National League South , the only Cornish club ever to reach this tier
of the football pyramid . The club achieved national recognition when
they won the
FA Vase in 2007, beating
A.F.C. Totton 3–1 in only the
second ever final at the new
Wembley Stadium , and becoming the first
Cornish side ever to win the FA Vase.
Cornwall County Cricket Club
play some of their home fixtures at
Boscawen Park , which is also the
home ground of
Truro Cricket Club .
Truro Fencing Club is one of
Britain's flagship fencing clubs, having won numerous national
championships, and had three fencers selected for Team GB at the
London 2012 Olympics. Other sporting amenities include a leisure
centre , golf course, and tennis courts.
Truro is the centre of Cornwall's local media. The county-wide weekly
The West Briton and the
Cornish Guardian , are based in
the city and serves the
Truro area with its
Truro and Mid-Cornwall
edition. The city is also home to the broadcasting studios of BBC
Cornwall , and the studios of the West district of ITV
Westcountry , whose main studio is now located in
Bristol after ITV
Westcountry merged with ITV West, the studio in
Plymouth was closed
Westcountry Live was replaced by
The West Country Tonight .
A mummers play text which had, until recently, been attributed to
Cornwall (much quoted in early studies of folk plays, such as
The Mummers Play by R. J. E. Tiddy – published posthumously in 1923
– and The English Folk-Play (1933) by E. K. Chambers), has now been
shown, by genealogical and other research, to have originated in
Truro, Cornwall, around 1780.
Truro area has an oceanic climate similar to the remainder of
Cornwall. The climate in the area sees even fewer extremes in
temperature than the remainder of
England and is marked by high
rainfall, cool summers, mild winters and frosts being very rare.
CLIMATE DATA FOR TRURO CAMBORNE, ELEVATION: 87 M OR 285 FT
(1981-2010) EXTREMES (1979-PRESENT)
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 1.0 MM)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
Source #2: KNMI
Georgian architecture at Walsingham Place
Truro City Council, a City/Parish Council , is based upstairs at the
Municipal Buildings in Boscawen Street, and is responsible for parks,
gardens and planting, mayoral and civic events, support of its
overseas twinning , and tourist information . It also considers
Planning issues and has been crucially involved in creating the Truro
Kenwyn Neighbourhood Plan in association with
The city is divided into four wards : Boscawen, Moresk, Tregolls and
Trehaverne, with 24 councillors elected for four-year terms. Cornwall
Council (a unitary authority) has its base at Lys Kernow ("Cornwall
Court", formerly County Hall) west of the city centre. It administers
planning, infrastructure, development and environmental issues, and
the parish council liaises with it.
Truro is twinned with
Boppard , in the
Rhineland-Palatinate region of
Morlaix in Brittany, France, after which
Truro is named.
The town of
Truro in the Province of
Nova Scotia , Canada is named
after Truro, as is the town of
Truro in the US state of Massachusetts
ROADS AND BUS SERVICES
Truro is 6 miles (9.7 km) from the A30 trunk road , to which it is
connected by the A39 leading from Falmouth and Penryn . Also passing
through the city is the A390, from
Redruth in the west to
the east where it connects to the A38 , which then goes on to Plymouth
and further to
Exeter and the
M5 motorway .
Truro is the most
southerly city in the United Kingdom, just under 232 miles (373 km)
west south west of
Charing Cross , London.
The city and surrounding area are served by extensive bus services,
mostly operated by
First Kernow and First
Truro with routes across the
city, and in and out of the city in all directions, mostly starting
and terminating at
Truro Bus Station near Lemon Quay. A permanent Park
and Ride scheme, known as Park for Truro, began operation in August
2008. Based at Langarth Park in
Threemilestone , buses carry commuters
into the city centre via
Truro College , the Royal
Treliske, County Hall,
Truro railway station , the Royal Cornwall
Museum and Victoria Square, and now through to a second car park on
the east side of Truro. Longer-distance coaches run by National
Express also operate from Truro.
Viaduct , built in 1859 by
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Isambard Kingdom Brunel .
It was replaced by a stone viaduct in 1904.
Truro railway station is about 1 km (0.6 mi) from the city centre and
is on the
Cornish Main Line , giving the city a direct connection to
London Paddington , as well as to the Midlands, North and Scotland.
North-east of the station is a 28-metre-high (92-foot) stone viaduct
with expansive views over the city, cathedral, and
Truro River in the
distance. The viaduct—the longest on the line—replaced Isambard
Kingdom Brunel 's wooden Carvedras
Viaduct in 1904. Connecting to the
main line at
Truro station is the
Maritime Line , a branch line to
Falmouth in the south. The nameplate of GWR City of Truro, built
in 1903 and still operational in 2009
Truro's first railway station was at Highertown, which was opened in
1852 by the West
Cornwall Railway and from where trains ran to Redruth
Penzance . It was known as
Truro Road Station; it was just west of
Highertown Tunnel on the up side. The line was extended to the Truro
River at Newham in 1855 Then
Truro Road Station closed and Newham
served as the terminus. When the
Cornwall Railway connected the line
to Plymouth, their trains ran to the present station above the city
centre. The West
Cornwall Railway (WCR) then diverted most of its
passenger trains to the new station, leaving Newham mainly as a goods
station until it closed in 1971. The WCR became part of the Great
Western Railway . The route from Highertown to Newham is now a cycle
path which takes a leisurely loop through the countryside on the south
side of the city. The steam locomotive, the City of
Truro , was built
in 1903 and still runs on UK mainline and preserved railways..
Truro River and a ferry transporting passengers to Falmouth
AIR AND RIVER TRANSPORT
Newquay Airport is Cornwall's main airport and is 12 mi (19 km) north
of Truro. One of the fastest-growing regional airports in the UK, the
services and destinations are constantly expanding. There are regular
flights to and from
London Gatwick and other cities around the
Isles of Scilly
Isles of Scilly and
Düsseldorf in Germany.
There is also a boat link to Falmouth along the Rivers
Truro and Fal
, four times daily, tide permitting. The small fleet run by Enterprise
Boats and part of the
Fal River Links also stops at Malpas ,
St Mawes .
THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it .
Truro (early 19th-century engraving) St
George's Church St John's Church St Paul's Church
The old parish church of
Truro was St Mary's, incorporated into the
cathedral in the later 19th century. Parts of the town were in the
Kenwyn and St Clement (Moresk ) until the mid 19th century
when other parishes were created. St George\'s church in
designed by the Reverend William Haslam, vicar of
Baldhu , was built
of Cornish granite in 1855; it is lofty and imposing. The parish of St
Truro was formed from part of
Kenwyn in 1846. In 1865 two
more parishes were created: St John's from part of
Kenwyn and St
Paul's from part of St Clement. St George's contains a large wall
painting behind the high altar which was the work of Stephany Cooper
in the 1920s. Her father Canon Cooper had been a missionary in
Zanzibar and elsewhere. The theme of the mural painting is "Three
Heavens": the first heaven has views of
Zanzibar and its cathedral (a
happy period in the life of the artist); the second heaven has views
of the city of
Truro including the cathedral, the railway viaduct and
St George's church (another happy period in the life of the artist);
the third heaven is above the others which are separated from it by
the River of Life (Christ is represented bridging the river and 17
saints including St
Piran and St
Kenwyn are depicted in this part).
Charles William Hempel was organist of St. Mary's Church for forty
years from 1804, supplementing his income by teaching music. In 1805
he composed and printed Psalms from the New Version for the use of the
Congregation of St. Mary's, and in 1812 Sacred Melodies for the same
congregation. These melodies became very popular.
The oldest church in
Truro is at
Kenwyn , on the northern side of the
city. It is of 14th/15th century date.
St John\'s Church (dedicated to St John the Evangelist) was built in
1828 (architect P. Sambell) in the Classical style on a rectangular
plan and with a gallery. Considerable alterations were carried out in
St Paul\'s Church was built in 1848. The chancel was replaced in
1882–84, the new chancel being the work of
J. D. Sedding . The tower
is "broad and strong" (Pevsner) and the exterior of the aisles are
ornamented in Sedding's version of the Perpendicular style. In the
parish of St Paul is the former
Convent of the Epiphany (Anglican) at
Alverton House, Tregolls Road, an early 19th-century house. The house
was extended for the convent of the Community of the Epiphany and the
chapel was built in 1910 by Edmund H. Sedding . The sisterhood was
founded by the Bishop of Truro,
George Howard Wilkinson , in 1883 and
closed in 2001 when the two surviving nuns moved into care homes. The
sisters were involved in pastoral and educational work and the care of
the cathedral and St Paul's Church. St Paul's Church, built with a
tower on a river bed with poor foundations, has fallen into disrepair,
and is no longer in use. Services are now held at the churches of St
Clement, St George, and St John. St Paul "> Lower Lemon Street
Truro has many proposed development schemes and plans, the majority
of which are intended to counter the main problems it faces, notably
traffic congestion and lack of housing .
Major proposals include the construction of a distributor road to
carry traffic away from the very busy
Threemilestone-Treliske-Highertown corridor, reconnecting at either
Green Lane or
Morlaix Avenue. This road will also serve the new
housing planned for that area.
As of 2008 major changes are also proposed for the city centre, such
as pedestrianisation of the main shopping streets and beautification
of a list of uncharacteristic storefronts built in the 1960s. Also,
new retail developments on the current Carrick District Council site
and Garras Wharf waterfront site will provide more space for shops,
open spaces and public amenities and also turn rather ugly areas of
the city into attractive new destinations. Along with the
redevelopment of the waterfront, a tidal barrier is planned to dam
water into the
Truro River which is currently blighted by unsightly
mud banks which appear at low tide .
Controversial developments include the construction of a new stadium
Truro City F.C. and the
Cornish Pirates , and the relocation of
the city's golf course to make way for more housing. A smaller project
is the addition of two large sculptures in the Piazza.
See also: Category:People from
* 16TH CENTURY
Giles Farnaby — a madrigalist of the
Elizabethan age .
Owen Fitzpen — a philanthropist, born in the
Elizabethan age ,
who earned his fortune, first as a merchant seaman and his fame in
leading a successful slave revolt in 1627 to free himself and other
Barbary pirates .
* 18TH CENTURY
Edward Boscawen — an admiral of the
Royal Navy . A cobbled
street at the centre of
Truro and a park are named in his honour.
Samuel Foote — an actor and playwright.
* 18TH/19TH CENTURY
* John Vivian — later became an influential industrialist in
Swansea (see Vivian family )
Henry Martyn —
Cambridge mathematician, missionary in
Persia , translated the Bible into local languages.
Richard Lemon Lander . A monument to him stands at the top of
* 19TH CENTURY
Charles Foster Barham — physician and writer on public health
Henry Charlton Bastian — physiologist and neurologist
William Bennett Bond — Canadian priest, 3rd Archbishop of
Montreal, and 2nd Primate of the
Anglican Church of Canada .
Charles Chorley — journalist and man of letters
Joseph Antonio Emidy — a former slave turned violinist.
James Henry Fynn sometimes James Henry Finn — a recipient of the
Victoria Cross .
Charles William Hempel — organist of St Mary's Church
Richard Lemon Lander — an explorer of West Africa. A local
secondary school is named in his honour and a monument to his memory
stands at the top of Lemon Street.
Richard Spurr — a cabinet maker and lay preacher who was
imprisoned for his part in leading the political movement Chartism. A
large allotment in the town was dedicated to his memory in 2011.
Silvanus Trevail — local architect and Mayor of Truro.
The Headland Hotel, Newquay, designed by the architect Silvanus
* 20TH CENTURY
Matthew Etherington — a professional footballer playing for
Stoke City .
Henry Louis Gibson — an expert in medical uses of infrared and
pioneer of its use in detecting breast cancer.
* Robert Goddard — novelist.
William Golding - novelist, playwright, and poet was born in St
Columb Minor in 1911, and returned to live near
Truro from 1985 until
* Joseph Hunkin — bishop of
Maria Kuncewiczowa — a Polish writer who lived in
WWII. Her novel, Tristan 1946, is based in the city.
* James Marsh — film director and winner of an Academy Award.
Nick Nieland — a Commonwealth Games javelin gold medallist.
Margaret Steuart Pollard (Peggy) - née Gladstone the great
William Gladstone an active poet and translator. She
gave away much of her inherited wealth, and lived in one up, one down
old tin miners cottage in Truro.
Ben Salfield — international concert performer, composer and
promoter, lives on the edge of the city.
Roger Meddows Taylor — drummer from the rock band Queen
Joanna Thomas — professional female bodybuilder.
Tom Voyce — a former
London Wasps and
England rugby union
footballer who now plays at wing or fullback for
Gloucester RFC .
Hugh Walpole — novelist.
* Barbara Joyce West — second to last survivor of the RMS Titanic
Diocese of Truro
Diocese of Truro
* List of topics related to
* ^ A B Office for National Statistics 2011 census -
* ^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF).
Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Archived from the original
(PDF) on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
* ^ "17 reasons to be proud to be a Truronian on
www.cornwalllive.com. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
* ^ Padel, O. J. (1988) A Popular Dictionary of Cornish
Place-names, Penzance, A. Hodge ISBN 0-906720-15-X
* ^ Parochial history of Cornwall, Davis Gilbert
* ^ patronymica Cornu-Britannica
* ^ de Lucy in the 12th Century, Norman Lucey 2009
* ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall:
Lodenek Press. p. 135. ISBN 0-902899-76-7 .
* ^ "History of Truro".
Truro Town Site. Archived from the original
on 10 April 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
* ^ A B "Census 2001 Key Statistics for urban areas in
Wales" (PDF). National Office of Statistics. Archived from the
original (PDF) on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
* ^ "Homes in smaller cities cost more". BBC News. 20 May 2006.
Retrieved 13 January 2008.
* ^ "Building Statistics –
Truro Cathedral, Truro".
Retrieved 13 January 2008.
* ^ "Daytripper – Sheer Indulgence in Truro".
Truro City Council.
Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 13 January
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