Trogir (Latin: Tragurium; Italian: Traù; Ancient Greek:
Τραγύριον, Tragyrion or Τραγούριον, Tragourion
Trogkir) is a historic town and harbour on the
Adriatic coast in
Dalmatia County, Croatia, with a population of 10,818 (2011)
and a total municipality population of 13,260 (2011). The historic
Trogir is situated on a small island between the Croatian
mainland and the island of Čiovo. It lies 27 kilometres (17 miles)
west of the city of Split.
Since 1997, the historic centre of
Trogir has been included in the
UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites for its Venetian architecture.
2 Main sights
5 Sport in Trogir
6 Notable people from Trogir
9 International relations
9.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
10 See also
12 External links
For ecclesiastical history, see Roman Catholic Diocese of Tragurium
In the 3rd century BC, Tragurion was founded by Greek colonists
from the island of Vis, and it developed into a major port until the
Roman period. The name comes from the Greek "tragos" (male goat).
Similarly, the name of the neighbouring island of Bua comes from the
Greek "voua" (herd of cattle). The sudden prosperity of Salona
Trogir of its importance. During the migration of
citizens of the destroyed
Salona escaped to Trogir. Initially the
Roman Tragurium was one of the Dalmatian City-States. From the 9th
Trogir paid tribute to Croatian rulers and to the
Byzantine empire. The diocese of
Trogir was established in the 11th
century (abolished in 1828; it is now part of the Roman Catholic
Archdiocese of Split-
Makarska and has temporarily been a Latin titular
bishopric) and in 1107 it was chartered by the Hungarian-Croatian king
Coloman, gaining thus its autonomy as a town.
In the year 1000 the
Republic of Venice
Republic of Venice received submission from the
Tragurium inhabitants and the city started since then to have commerce
with the Italian peninsula enjoying cultural and economic
Trogir was conquered and almost completely demolished by the
Trogir recovered in a short period to experience
powerful economic prosperity in the 12th and the 13th centuries, with
some autonomy under Venetian leadership. In 1242 King Béla IV of
Hungary found refuge there as he fled the Mongols. In the 13th and the
14th centuries, members of the Šubić family were most frequently
elected dukes by the citizens of Trogir; Mladen III (1348), according
to the inscription on the sepulchral slab in the Cathedral of Trogir
called "the shield of the Croats", was one of the most prominent
Šubićs. In Dalmatian, the city was known as Tragur.
War of Chioggia
War of Chioggia between Genoa and Venice, on 14 March 1381
Chioggia concluded an alliance with
Trogir against Venice,
Chioggia became better protected by
Venice in 1412,
Šibenik then became the seat of the main customs office and
the seat of the salt consumers office with a monopoly on the salt
Chioggia and on the whole
In 1420 the period of a long-term Venetian rule began and lasted
nearly four centuries, when Trau (as the city was called by the
Venetians) was one of the best cities in the Balkans with a rich
economy and plenty of
Renaissance works of art and architecture. In
about 1650, a manuscript of the ancient Roman author Petronius'
Satyricon was discovered in
Trogir containing the 'Cena Trimalchionis'
('Dinner of Trimalchio') the longest surviving portion of the
Satyricon, a major discovery for Roman literature.
On the fall of
Venice in 1797,
Trogir became a part of the Habsburg
Empire, which ruled over the city until 1918, with the exception of
Napoleon Bonaparte's French occupation from 1806 to 1814 (when the
city was part of the Napoleonic
Illyrian Provinces ).
After World War I, Trogir, together with Croatia, became a part of the
State of Slovenes,
Croats and Serbs and subsequently, the Kingdom of
Yugoslavia. During this period Italian speakers, who until 1918 were
the present in the city left for Italy. During World War II, Trogir
was annexed by
Italy and was part of the Italian Governorate of
Dalmatia. Subsequently, Tito's Partisans occupied it in 1944. After
that it belonged to the second Yugoslavia, and since 1991 to Croatia.
Historic City of Trogir
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Cultural: ii, iv
1997 (21st Session)
Trogir has 2300 years of continuous urban tradition. Its culture was
created under the influence of the ancient Greeks, and then the
Romans, and Venetians.
Trogir has a high concentration of palaces,
churches, and towers, as well as a fortress on a small island, and in
1997 was inscribed in the
UNESCO World Heritage List. "The orthogonal
street plan of this island settlement dates back to the Hellenistic
period and it was embellished by successive rulers with many fine
public and domestic buildings and fortifications. Its beautiful
Romanesque churches are complemented by the outstanding Renaissance
Baroque buildings from the Venetian period", says the UNESCO
Trogir is the best-preserved Romanesque-Gothic complex not only in the
Adriatic, but in all of Central Europe. Trogir's medieval core,
surrounded by walls, comprises a preserved castle and tower and a
series of dwellings and palaces from the Romanesque, Gothic,
Baroque periods. Trogir's grandest building is the
church of St. Lawrence, whose main west portal is a masterpiece by
Radovan, and the most significant work of the Romanesque-Gothic style
The most important sites include:
Historical city core, with about 10 churches and numerous buildings
from the 13th century
The city gate (17th century) and city walls (15th century)
The Fortress Kamerlengo (15th century)
The Duke's Palace (13th century)
The Cathedral (13th century) with the
Portal of Master Radovan, the
unique work of this Dalmatian artist
The big and small palaces Cipiko from the 15th century
The city loggia from 15th century
The St. Peter Church was part of the women's
which was, according to the legend, founded by the wife of king Bela
IV of Hungary. The west front of the church is embellished by a
Baroque portal decorated with a bust of St. Peter, the work of Niccolo
di Giovanni Fiorentino. The interior was restored in a
in the second half of the 17th century. The wooden ceiling dating from
that period is divided into oval, semioval and hexagon fields, framed
by richly decorated borders. It was then that the two side-altars were
added, dedicated to Mother Mary and St. Ignatius of Loyola. The high
altar from the same period was made of wood, but only the statues of
St. Peter and St. Paul have survived to the present day. Set into the
pavement of the church one finds tombs of
Trogir noble families
Andreis and Cipiko.
The St. Sebastian's Church was built in 1476 as a votive church or an
offering given by the citizens of
Trogir in thanks for deliverance
from the plague. The front of this
Renaissance building, which was
executed by Niccolo di Giovanni Fiorentino, is decorated with the
sculptures of St. Sebastian and Christ the Saviour. It displays the
coats of arms of Bishop Giacomo Torlon and that of the duke Malipiero.
Above the front rises the two-story tower of the town clock. A part of
the eastern wall contains the remains of a centrally planned church
with six apses dedicated to St. Mary. Against the west walls rests a
plaque bearing names of the fallen defenders in the Croatian War for
The Town Loggia of
Trogir was first recorded in documents of the 13th
century. It served as a furnished public gathering space, and on
certain dates and hours it was used by the communal legal service, as
a place were contracts were signed, official announcements made, laws
proclaimed, and where law proceedings took place. In 1471, the
workshop of Niccolo di Giovanni Fiorentino executed a relief of
Justice on the eastern wall, depicting the Venetian lion with S.
Lawrence and B. John of Trogir, both guardians of the city. It was, in
fact, a monument dedicated to the Republic of Venice. The central
field with the lion was removed in 1932. On the south wall, the relief
of a horseman depicting Petar Berislavić, viceroy of Croatia
(1513-1520), was done by Ivan Meštrović. The Loggia was renovated in
The Garagnin-Fanfogna Palace is constituted of two blocks of
Romanesque and Gothic buildings, incorporated into the ensemble in the
second half of the 18th century, after the plans of Ignacije
Macanović. The two-story building with the stone stairway situated on
the south side originally had an economy purpose. Today its ground
floor houses the town lapidarium within which the city walls of the
Hellenistic Tragurion are presented. On the first floor there is Cata
Dujšin-Ribar Gallery. The main entrance to the Palace with a lobby
and a staircase was situated on the east side, in the main street, and
decorated with a Late
Baroque elements characteristic of the
Macanović workshop. In the interior there is the original 18th
century drawing room embellished with stucco decorations. The library
owned by Ivan L. Garagnin (1722-1783), a numismatist and collector of
archaeological monuments, is decorated with wall paintings portraying
philosophers and writers. The ensemble houses collections of paintings
and graphics from the 17th and 18th centuries and the Town Museum.
The Museum of sacred art is hosted in the Late
Baroque building on the
Trogir main square, dating from the 18th century. There is a rich
collection of early Dalmatian and Venetian sacred paintings (14th-15th
century) with masterpieces of Gentile Bellini, Paolo Veneziano,
Quirizio da Murano and others. Works of local masters, paintings of
Blaž Jurjev Trogiranin [Blase, son of George from Trogir] or the 13th
century polyptych of the cathedral's high altar are exhibited in the
The Santa Maria de Platea belongs to the early 9th century hexafoil
patern churches. It is the central type building, consisting of a high
dome surrounded by six apses, in the manner of Carolingian chapels. In
the 17th century visitation four altars were described: the high was
dedicated to the Assumption of Mary; the
Renaissance one, built in
1463 was dedicated to St. Jerome; the remaining two were dedicated to
St. Mary of Loreto and St. Lucy respectively. The church was
demolished in the mid 19th century, it's only image is preserved on
the 18th century French illustrator Ch. L. Clerisseau's drawing. The
apses had three niches divided by pilaster strips on the outside
surface wheres niches and windows gave rhythm to the tambour of the
dome. To the west there was a portico used as a medieval courtroom,
street was closed by the city clock tower in the 15th century.
Tourism is the most important economic factor in the
covering 50% of the municipal budget with more than 20,000 beds in
hotels and private apartments. It is one of the fastest growing ports
for sail-tourism in Croatia, and boasts two yacht marinas. There is
also a strong fishing and agriculture tradition among the population
in surrounding areas.
The most important industry is shipbuilding, with shipyard "Trogir"
established at the beginning of the 20th century. The shipyard has a
capacity of two ships of 55,000 tons. Between 1990 and 2004, 93 ships
were built in the shipyard.
Trogir has also been used as a location for several television
productions; it notably featured in two 2010 episodes of the British
TV series Doctor Who. Due to its Venetian architecture, it served as a
double for 16th-century
Venice in The Vampires of Venice, and as a
double for 19th-century
Provence in Vincent and the Doctor. It also
doubled for 19th century
Venice in the 2015 BBC miniseries Jonathan
Strange & Mr Norrell, and was used for scenes set in the city
Qarth in the
HBO series Game of Thrones.
Trogir lies six kilometres (3.7 miles) from Split Airport, and a
regular bus connects
Trogir with the airport and Split. In the future,
Split Suburban Railway
Split Suburban Railway will be lengthened towards the airport and
There are two yacht marinas in Trogir.
Water supply to
Trogir is sourced from the Jadro River, the source
that once supplied the ancient Diocletian's Palace.
Sport in Trogir
HNK Trogir – football
Trogir 1912 – football
KK Trogir – basketball
Trogir – women's handball
Notable people from Trogir
Johannes Lucius, historian
Giovanni Dalmata, sculptor
Antonio Lubin, writer and dantist.
Petar Berislavić, Croatian ban
Radovan, sculptor and architect
Mila Schön, fashion designer, true name Maria Carmen Nutrizio
Vinko Coce, singer and songwriter
Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and
there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate
Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Croatia
Twin towns – Sister cities
Trogir is twinned with:
Újbuda, Budapest, Hungary
Lucera, Foggia, Apulia,
Italy (since 1970)
Germany (since 2009)
Croatia (since 2011)
List of ancient cities in Illyria
^ "Polybii Historiarum reliquiae". google.gr. Retrieved 1 August
^ Croatian Census 2001 (Popis stanovništva 2001)
Croatia by Karen Torme Olson & Sanja Bazulic Olson
UNESCO World Heritage Centre. "Historic City of Trogir". unesco.org.
Retrieved 1 August 2015.
Croatia by Jane Foster
^ Texts and Transmission "Petronius"
^ "Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell". Filming in Croatia. Retrieved
19 October 2016.
^ "Top 6
Game of Thrones
Game of Thrones filming locations to visit by boat".
boatinternational.com. Retrieved 19 October 2016.
^ "Diocletian's Palace". The Megalithic Portal. Retrieved 1 August
Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)".
Weatherbase. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
^ "МЕЖДУНАРОДНО СЪТРУДНИЧЕСТВО НА
ОБЩИНА РУСЕ – Побратимени градове".
Община Русе [Municipality Ruse] (in Bulgarian). Archived
from the original on 2013-08-05. Retrieved 2013-08-12.
Újbuda története" [
Újbuda – New in History, Twin Towns].
Rafia.hu (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 2013-05-21.
^ "Partnerschaft mit
partnerschaft-vaterstetten-trogir.de. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Trogir.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trogir.
Historic City of
UNESCO World Heritage Centre
Trogir virtual tour (Croatian Landmarks)
World Heritage Sites in Croatia
Cathedral of St. James, Šibenik
Episcopal Complex of the Euphrasian Basilica, Poreč
Split with the Palace of Diocletian
Stari Grad Plain
Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries 2
Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe
1 shared with Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Montenegro and Serbia
2 shared with
Italy and Montenegro
3 shared with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Germany, Italy,
Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia,
Spain and Ukraine
Subdivisions of Split-
Cities and towns