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Troezen
Troezen
(/ˈtriːzən/, homophone of treason; ancient Greek: Τροιζήν, modern Greek: Τροιζήνα [tri'zina]) is a small town and a former municipality in the northeastern Peloponnese, Greece on the Argolid Peninsula. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Troizinia-Methana, of which it is a municipal unit. It is part of the Islands regional unit.[2] Troezen
Troezen
is located southwest of Athens, across the Saronic Gulf, and a few miles south of Methana. The seat of the former municipality (pop. 6,507) was in Galatas. Before 2011, Troizina was part of the former Piraeus Prefecture
Piraeus Prefecture
(in antiquity it was part of Argolis). The municipality had a land area of 190.697 km².[3] Its largest towns and villages are Galatás (pop. 2,195 in 2011), Kalloní (pop. 669), Troizína (pop. 673), Taktikoúpoli (250), Karatzás (287), Dryópi (239), Ágios Geórgios (228), and Agía Eléni (159). There are numerous smaller settlements. Mythology[edit]

Coin (chalkous) from Troezen,325-300 BC. Obverse: Head of Athena wearing tainia. Reverse: Ornate trident head; to left, dolphin upward, ΤΡΟ(ΙΖΗΝΙΩΝ) "of Troizenians".

According to Greek mythology, Troezen
Troezen
came into being as a result of two ancient cities, Hyperea and Anthea, being unified by Pittheus, who named the new city in honor of his deceased brother, Troezen.[4] Troezen
Troezen
was where Aethra, daughter of Pittheus, slept with both Aegeus and Poseidon
Poseidon
on the same night and fell pregnant with the great Greek hero Theseus. Before returning to Athens, Aegeus
Aegeus
left his sandals and sword under a large boulder in Troezen
Troezen
and requested that when the child was able to prove himself by moving the boulder, he must return the items to his father in Athens; Theseus
Theseus
lifted the boulder when he came of age.[5] Troezen
Troezen
is also the setting of Euripides' tragedy Hippolytus, which recounts the story of the eponymous son of Theseus
Theseus
who becomes the subject of the love of his stepmother, Phaedra. While fleeing the city, Hippolytus is killed when his chariot is attacked by a bull rising from the sea[6]. Other plays on the same subject have been written by Seneca and Jean Racine, which are also set in Troezen. The ancient city also possessed a spring that was supposedly formed where the winged horse Pegasus
Pegasus
once came to ground. History[edit] A cult built up in the ancient city around the legend of Hippolytus. Troezen
Troezen
girls traditionally dedicated a lock of their hair to him before their marriage. Sybaris
Sybaris
in Magna Graecia
Magna Graecia
was a Troezenian colony (founded 720 BC).[7] Before the Battle of Salamis
Battle of Salamis
(480 BC), Athenian women and children were sent to Troezen
Troezen
for safety on the instructions of the Athenian statesman Themistocles. In 1959, a stele was found in a coffee house in Troezen, depicting the Decree of Themistocles, the order to evacuate Athens. The stele has since been dated to some 200 years after the Battle of Salamis, indicating that it is probably a commemorative copy of the original order. The temple of Isis
Isis
was built by the Halicarnassians in Troezen
Troezen
because it was their mother-l city, but the image of Isis
Isis
was dedicated by the people of Troezen. In the Middle Ages, it was known as Damala (Δαμαλᾶ) and was the seat of a barony of the Principality of Achaea. References[edit]

^ a b "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.  ^ Kallikratis law Greece
Greece
Ministry of Interior (in Greek) ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.  ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 30. 9 ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 15. 7 ^ This story provided the title of Mary Renault's historical novel The Bull Freom the Sea. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/577434/Sybaris

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Subdivisions of the municipality of Troizinia-Methana

Municipal unit of Methana

Kounoupitsa Kypseli Methana Megalochori

Municipal unit of Troizina

Ano Fanari Dryopi Galatas Karatzas Tak

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