TROEZEN (/ˈtriːzən/ , homophone of treason; Greek :
Τροιζήν, modern: Τροιζήνα Troizina) is a small town and
a former municipality in the northeastern
Greece on the
Argolid Peninsula . Since the 2011 local government reform it is part
of the municipality
Troizinia-Methana , of which it is a municipal
unit. It is part of the Islands regional unit .
Troezen is located southwest of
Athens , across the
Saronic Gulf ,
and a few miles south of
Methana . The seat of the former municipality
(pop. 6,507) was in Galatas . Before 2011, Troizina was part of the
Piraeus Prefecture (in antiquity it was part of
Argolis ). The
municipality had a land area of 190.697 km². Its largest towns and
villages are Galatás (pop. 2,195 in 2011), Kalloní (pop. 669),
Troizína (pop. 673), Taktikoúpoli (250), Karatzás (287), Dryópi
(239), Ágios Geórgios (228), and Agía Eléni (159). There are
numerous smaller settlements.
Coin (chalkous) from Troezen,325-300 BC. Obverse: Head of Athena
wearing tainia . Reverse: Ornate trident head; to left, dolphin
upward, ΤΡΟ(ΙΖΗΝΙΩΝ) "of Troizenians".
Greek mythology ,
Troezen came into being as a result of
two ancient cities, Hyperea and Anthea, being unified by
who named the new city in honor of his deceased brother,
Troezen was where Aethra , daughter of Pittheus, slept with both
Poseidon on the same night and fell pregnant with the great
Theseus . Before returning to Athens,
Aegeus left his
sandals and sword under a large boulder in
Troezen and requested that
when the child was able to prove himself by moving the boulder, he
must return the items to his father in Athens;
Theseus lifted the
boulder when he came of age.
Troezen is also the setting of
Euripides ' tragedy Hippolytus , which
recounts the story of the eponymous son of
Theseus who becomes the
subject of the love of his stepmother, Phaedra . While fleeing the
city, Hippolytus is killed when his chariot is attacked by a bull
rising from the sea. Other plays on the same subject have been written
by Seneca and
Jean Racine , which are also set in Troezen.
The ancient city also possessed a spring that was supposedly formed
where the winged horse
Pegasus once came to ground.
A cult built up in the ancient city around the legend of Hippolytus.
Troezen girls traditionally dedicated a lock of their hair to him
before their marriage.
Magna Graecia was a Troezenian colony (founded 720 BC).
Battle of Salamis
Battle of Salamis (480 BC), Athenian women and children
were sent to
Troezen for safety on the instructions of the Athenian
Themistocles . In 1959, a stele was found in a coffee house
in Troezen, depicting the Decree of
Themistocles , the order to
evacuate Athens. The stele has since been dated to some 200 years
after the Battle of Salamis, indicating that it is probably a
commemorative copy of the original order.
The temple of
Isis was built by the Halicarnassians in Troezen
because it was their mother-l city, but the image of
dedicated by the people of Troezen.
Middle Ages , it was known as DAMALA (Δαμαλᾶ) and was
the seat of a barony of the
Principality of Achaea .
* ^ A B "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών
2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic
* ^ Kallikratis law
Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
* ^ "Population ">(PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of
* ^ Pausanias , Description of Greece, 2. 30. 9
* ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus , Bibliotheca 3. 15. 7
* ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/577434/Sybaris
Subdivisions of the municipality of
MUNICIPAL UNIT OF METHANA
MUNICIPAL UNIT OF TROIZINA