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TRINITY COLLEGE is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in England. With around 600 undergraduates, 300 graduates , and over 180 fellows , it is the largest college in either of the Oxbridge
Oxbridge
universities by number of undergraduates. By combined student numbers, it is second to Homerton College, Cambridge .

Members of Trinity
Trinity
have won 32 Nobel Prizes out of the 91 won by members of Cambridge University
Cambridge University
, the highest number of any college. Five Fields Medals in mathematics were won by members of the college (of the six awarded to members of British universities) and one Abel Prize was won.

Trinity
Trinity
alumni include six British prime ministers (all Tory or Whig /Liberal ), physicists Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton
, James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell
, Ernest Rutherford and Niels Bohr , mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan
Srinivasa Ramanujan
, the poet Lord Byron
Lord Byron
, philosophers Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell (whom it expelled before reaccepting), and Soviet spies Kim Philby , Guy Burgess and Anthony Blunt .

Two members of the British royal family have studied at Trinity
Trinity
and been awarded degrees as a result: Prince William of Gloucester and Edinburgh , who gained an MA in 1790, and Prince Charles , who was awarded a lower second class BA in 1970. Other royal family members have studied there without obtaining degrees, including King Edward VII , King George VI , and Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester .

Trinity
Trinity
has many college societies, including the Trinity Mathematical Society , which is the oldest mathematical university society in the United Kingdom, and the First and Third Trinity
Trinity
Boat Club , its rowing club, which gives its name to the college\'s May Ball . Along with Christ\'s , Jesus , King\'s and St John\'s colleges, it has also provided several of the well known members of the Apostles , an intellectual secret society .

In 1848, Trinity
Trinity
hosted the meeting at which Cambridge undergraduates representing private schools such as Westminster drew up the first formal rules of football , known as the Cambridge Rules .

Trinity's sister college in Oxford
Oxford
is Christ Church . Like that college, Trinity
Trinity
has been linked with Westminster School since the school's re-foundation in 1560, and its Master is an _ex officio _ governor of the school.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Foundation * 1.2 Nevile\'s expansion * 1.3 Modern day * 1.4 Legends * 1.5 Trinity
Trinity
in Camberwell
Camberwell

* 2 Buildings and grounds

* 2.1 Great Gate * 2.2 Great Court * 2.3 Nevile\'s Court * 2.4 New Court * 2.5 Other courts * 2.6 Chapel * 2.7 Grounds * 2.8 Trinity
Trinity
Bridge * 2.9 Gallery

* 3 Academic profile

* 3.1 Admissions * 3.2 Scholarships and prizes

* 4 Traditions

* 4.1 Great Court Run * 4.2 Open-air concerts * 4.3 Mallard * 4.4 Chair legs and bicycles * 4.5 College rivalry * 4.6 Minor traditions * 4.7 College Grace

* 5 People associated with the college

* 5.1 Notable fellows and alumni * 5.2 Nobel Prize winners * 5.3 Fields Medallists * 5.4 British Prime Ministers * 5.5 Masters

* 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 External links

HISTORY

1575 map showing the King's Hall (top left) and Michaelhouse (top right) buildings before Nevile's reconstruction

FOUNDATION

The college was founded by Henry VIII in 1546, from the merger of two existing colleges: Michaelhouse (founded by Hervey de Stanton in 1324), and King\'s Hall (established by Edward II in 1317 and refounded by Edward III in 1337). At the time, Henry had been seizing church lands from abbeys and monasteries. The universities of Oxford and Cambridge , being both religious institutions and quite rich, expected to be next in line. The King duly passed an Act of Parliament that allowed him to suppress (and confiscate the property of) any college he wished. The universities used their contacts to plead with his sixth wife, Catherine Parr . The Queen persuaded her husband not to close them down, but to create a new college. The king did not want to use royal funds, so he instead combined two colleges (King\'s Hall and Michaelhouse ) and seven hostels (Physwick (formerly part of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge ), Gregory's, Ovyng's, Catherine's, Garratt, Margaret's, and Tyler's) to form Trinity.

NEVILE\'S EXPANSION

David Loggan 's print of 1690 showing Nevile's Great Court (foreground) and Nevile's Court with the then-new Wren Library (background) – New Court had yet to be built

Contrary to popular belief, the monastic lands granted by Henry VIII were not on their own sufficient to ensure Trinity's eventual rise. In terms of architecture and royal association, it was not until the Mastership of Thomas Nevile (1593–1615) that Trinity
Trinity
assumed both its spaciousness and its courtly association with the governing class that distinguished it since the Civil War. In its infancy Trinity
Trinity
had owed a great deal to its neighbouring college of St John\'s : in the exaggerated words of Roger Ascham Trinity
Trinity
was little more than a _colonia deducta_. Its first four Masters were educated at St John's, and it took until around 1575 for the two colleges' application numbers to draw even, a position in which they have remained since the Civil War. In terms of wealth, Trinity's current fortunes belie prior fluctuations; Nevile's building campaign drove the college into debt from which it only surfaced in the 1640s, and the Mastership of Richard Bentley
Richard Bentley
adversely affected applications and finances. Bentley himself was notorious for the construction of a hugely expensive staircase in the Master's Lodge, and for his repeated refusals to step down despite pleas from the Fellows.

Most of the Trinity's major buildings date from the 16th and 17th centuries. Thomas Nevile , who became Master of Trinity
Trinity
in 1593, rebuilt and redesigned much of the college. This work included the enlargement and completion of Great Court , and the construction of Nevile\'s Court between Great Court and the river Cam . Nevile's Court was completed in the late 17th century when the Wren Library
Wren Library
, designed by Sir Christopher Wren , was built.

MODERN DAY

Trinity
Trinity
established Cambridge Science Park, UK's first science park, in 1970

In the 20th century, Trinity
Trinity
College, St John's College and King\'s College were for decades the main recruiting grounds for the Cambridge Apostles , an elite, intellectual secret society.

In 2011, the John Templeton Foundation awarded Trinity
Trinity
College's Master, the astrophysicist Martin Rees , its controversial million-pound Templeton Prize
Templeton Prize
, for "affirming life's spiritual dimension".

Trinity
Trinity
is the richest Oxbridge
Oxbridge
college, with a landholding alone worth £800 million. Trinity
Trinity
is sometimes suggested to be the second, third or fourth wealthiest landowner in the UK (or in England) – after the Crown Estate , the National Trust and the Church of England . (A variant of this legend is repeated in the Tom Sharpe novel _ Porterhouse Blue _.) In 2005, Trinity's annual rental income from its properties was reported to be in excess of £20 million.

Trinity
Trinity
owns:

* 3400 acres (14 km2) housing facilities at the Port of Felixstowe , Britain's busiest container port * the Cambridge Science Park * the O2 Arena in London (formerly the Millennium Dome ) * a 50% stake in a portfolio of Tesco
Tesco
supermarket stores, worth £440 million

LEGENDS

Lord Byron
Lord Byron
purportedly kept a pet bear whilst living in the college.

A second legend is that it is possible to walk from Cambridge to Oxford
Oxford
on land solely owned by Trinity. Several varieties of this legend exist – others refer to the combined land of Trinity
Trinity
College, Cambridge and Trinity
Trinity
College, Oxford
Oxford
, of Trinity
Trinity
College, Cambridge and Christ Church, Oxford , or St John\'s College, Oxford
Oxford
and St John\'s College, Cambridge . All are almost certainly false.

Trinity
Trinity
is often cited as the inventor of an English, less sweet, version of crème brûlée , known as " Trinity
Trinity
burnt cream", although the college chefs have sometimes been known to refer to it as "Trinity Creme Brulee". The burnt-cream, first introduced at Trinity
Trinity
High Table in 1879, in fact differs quite markedly from French recipes, the earliest of which is from 1691.

TRINITY IN CAMBERWELL

Trinity
Trinity
College has a long-standing relationship with the Parish of St George's, Camberwell
Camberwell
, in South London. Students from the College have helped to run holiday schemes for children from the parish since 1966. The relationship was formalised in 1979 with the establishment of TRINITY IN CAMBERWELL as a registered charity (Charity Commission no. 279447) which exists 'to provide, promote, assist and encourage the advancement of education and relief of need and other charitable objects for the benefit of the community in the Parish of St George's, Camberwell
Camberwell
, and the neighbourhood thereof.’

BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS

A historical plan of the development of Trinity
Trinity
College by 1897.

GREAT GATE

The Great Gate is the main entrance to the college, leading to the Great Court . A statue of the college founder, Henry VIII , stands in a niche above the doorway. In his right hand he holds a table leg instead of the original sword and myths abound as to how the switch was carried out and by whom. In 1704, the University's first astronomical observatory was built on top of the gatehouse. Beneath the founder's statue are the coats of arms of Edward III , the founder of King's Hall, and those of his five sons who survived to maturity, as well as William of Hatfield, whose shield is blank as he died as an infant, before being granted arms.

GREAT COURT

Great Court (built principally 1599–1608) was the brainchild of Thomas Nevile , who demolished several existing buildings on this site, including almost the entirety of the former college of Michaelhouse . The sole remaining building of Michaelhouse was replaced by the then current Kitchens (designed by James Essex ) in 1770–1775. The Master's Lodge is the official residence of the Sovereign when in Cambridge.

King's Hostel (built 1377–1416) is located to the north of Great Court, behind the Clock Tower, this is (along with the King's Gate), the sole remaining building from King\'s Hall .

Bishop's Hostel (built 1671, Robert Minchin ): A detached building to the southwest of Great Court, and named after John Hacket
John Hacket
, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry. Additional buildings were built in 1878 by Arthur Blomfield.

NEVILE\'S COURT

The Wren Library
Wren Library
at Nevile's Court

Nevile\'s Court (built 1614) is located between Great Court and the river, this court was created by a bequest by the college's master, Thomas Nevile , originally two-thirds of its current length and without the Wren Library
Wren Library
. The appearance of the upper floor was remodelled slightly two centuries later. Cloisters run around the court, providing sheltered walkways from the rear of Great Hall to the college library and reading room as well as the Wren Library
Wren Library
and New Court. Wren Library
Wren Library
interior, showing the limewood carvings by Grinling Gibbons

Wren Library
Wren Library
(built 1676–1695, Christopher Wren ) is located at the west end of Nevile's Court, the Wren is one of Cambridge's most famous and well-endowed libraries. Among its notable possessions are two of Shakespeare\'s First Folios, a 14th-century manuscript of The Vision of Piers Plowman , and letters written by Sir Isaac Newton. The Eadwine Psalter belongs to Trinity
Trinity
but is kept by Cambridge University Library . Below the building are the pleasant Wren Library
Wren Library
Cloisters, where students may enjoy a fine view of the Great Hall in front of them, and the river and Backs directly behind.

NEW COURT

New Court (or _King's Court_; built 1825, William Wilkins ) is located to the south of Nevile's Court, and built in Tudor-Gothic style, this court is notable for the large tree in the centre. A myth is sometimes circulated that this was the tree from which the apple dropped onto Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton
; in fact, Newton was at Woolsthorpe when he deduced his theory of gravity – and the tree is a chestnut tree. Many other "New Courts" in the colleges were built at this time to accommodate the new influx of students.

OTHER COURTS

Whewell's Court north range

Whewell's Court (actually two courts with a third in between, built 1860 "> Inside Trinity
Trinity
College Chapel

Trinity
Trinity
College Chapel dates from the mid 16th Century and is Grade I listed .

There are a number of memorials to former Fellows of Trinity
Trinity
within the Chapel, including statues, brasses, and two memorials to graduates and Fellows who died during the World Wars.

The Chapel is a performance space for the college choir which comprises around 30 Choral Scholars and 2 Organ Scholars , all of whom are ordinarily undergraduate members of the college.

GROUNDS

The Fellows' Garden is located on the west side of Queen\'s Road , opposite the drive that leads to the Backs.

The Fellows' Bowling Green is located north of Great Court, between King's Hostel and the river. It is the site for many of the tutors' garden parties in the summer months, while the Master's Garden is located behind the Master's Lodge.

The Old Fields are located on the western side of Grange Road , next to Burrell's Field. It currently houses the college's gym, changing rooms, squash courts, badminton courts, rugby, hockey and football pitches along with tennis and netball courts.

TRINITY BRIDGE

Trinity
Trinity
Bridge

Trinity
Trinity
bridge is a stone built tripled-arched road bridge across the River Cam. It was built of Portland stone in 1765 to the designs of James Essex to replace an earlier bridge built in 1651 and is a Grade I listed building.

GALLERY

*

Great Gate *

Clock Tower *

New Court after 2016 refurbishment *

The River Cam
River Cam
as it flows past the back of Trinity, Trinity
Trinity
Bridge is visible and the punt house is to the right of the moored punts *

The Avenue of lime and cherry trees, and wrought iron gate to Queen's Road viewed from the Backs *

Main entrance to Burrell's Field *

Fellows' Bowling Green, with the oldest building in the college (originally part of King's Hall) in the background *

Blue Boar Court, with the Wolfson Building in the background.

ACADEMIC PROFILE

Over the last 20 years, the college has always come at least eighth in the Tompkins Table , which ranks the 29 Cambridge colleges according to the academic performance of their undergraduates, and for the last six occasions it has been in first place. Its average position in the Tompkins Table over that period has been between second and third, higher than any other. In 2016, 45% of Trinity undergraduates achieved Firsts, 12 percentage points ahead of second place Pembroke – a recent record among Cambridge colleges.

ADMISSIONS

Currently, about 50% of Trinity's undergraduates attended independent schools. In 2006 it accepted a smaller proportion of students from state schools (39%) than any other Cambridge college, and on a rolling three-year average it has admitted a smaller proportion of state school pupils (42%) than any other college at either Cambridge or Oxford. According to the _Good Schools Guide _, about 7% of British school-age students attend private schools, although this figure refers to students in all school years – a higher proportion attend private schools in their final two years before university. Trinity states that it disregards what type of school its applicants attend, and accepts students solely on the basis of their academic prospects.

Trinity
Trinity
admitted its first woman graduate student in 1976 and its first woman undergraduate in 1978, and appointed its first female fellow in 1977.

SCHOLARSHIPS AND PRIZES

The statue of Newton in the chapel, where scholars are typically installed

The Scholars, together with the Master and Fellows, make up the FOUNDATION OF THE COLLEGE.

In order of seniority:

RESEARCH SCHOLARS receive funding for graduate studies. Typically one must graduate in the top ten percent of one's class and continue for graduate study at Trinity. They are given first preference in the assignment of college rooms and number approximately 25.

The SENIOR SCHOLARS consist of those who attain a degree with First Class honours or higher in any year after the first of an undergraduate tripos , but also, those who obtain a high First class marks in their first year. The college pays them a stipend of £250 a year and allows them to choose rooms directly following the research scholars. There are around 40 senior scholars at any one time.

The JUNIOR SCHOLARS are those who are not senior scholars but still obtained a First in their first year. Their stipend is £175 a year. They are given preference in the room ballot over 2nd years who are not scholars.

These scholarships are tenable for the academic year following that in which the result was achieved. If a scholarship is awarded but the student does not continue at Trinity
Trinity
then only a quarter of the stipend is given. However all students who achieve a First are awarded an additional £240 prize upon announcement of the results.

All final year undergraduates who achieve first-class honours in their final exams are offered full financial support to read for a Master\'s degree at Cambridge (this funding is also sometimes available for students who achieved high second-class honours marks). Other support is available for PhD degrees. The College also offers a number of other bursaries and studentships open to external applicants. The right to walk on the grass in the college courts is exclusive to Fellows of the college and their guests. Scholars do, however, have the right to walk on the Scholars' Lawn, but only in full academic dress.

TRADITIONS

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GREAT COURT RUN

Great Court , with (from left to right) the dining hall, Master's Lodge, fountain, clock tower, chapel and Great Gate

The Great Court Run is an attempt to run round the 400-yard perimeter of Great Court (approximately 367m), in the 43 seconds of the clock striking twelve. Students traditionally attempt to complete the circuit on the day of the Matriculation Dinner. It is a rather difficult challenge: one needs to be a fine sprinter to achieve it, but it is by no means necessary to be of Olympic standard, despite assertions made in the press.

It is widely believed that Sebastian Coe successfully completed the run when he beat Steve Cram in a charity race in October 1988. Coe's time on 29 October 1988 was reported by Norris McWhirter to have been 45.52 seconds, but it was actually 46.0 seconds (confirmed by the video tape), while Cram's was 46.3 seconds. The clock on that day took 44.4 seconds (i.e., a "long" time, probably two days after the last winding) and the video film confirms that Coe was some 12 metres short of his finish line when the fateful final stroke occurred. The television commentators were disingenuous in suggesting that the dying sounds of the bell could be included in the striking time, thereby allowing Coe's run to be claimed as successful.

One reason Olympic runners Cram and Coe found the challenge so tough is that they started at the middle of one side of the court, thereby having to negotiate four right-angle turns. In the days when students started at a corner, only three turns were needed.

The Great Court Run was portrayed in the film _ Chariots of Fire _ about the British Olympic runners of 1924.

Until the mid-1990s, the run was traditionally attempted by first-year students at midnight following their matriculation dinner. Following a number of accidents to undergraduates running on slippery cobbles, the college now organises a more formal Great Court Run, at 12 noon on the day of the matriculation dinner: the challenge is only open to freshers, many of whom compete in fancy dress.

OPEN-AIR CONCERTS

{{{annotations}}} _ Singing on the River_, 5 June 2016

One Sunday each June (the exact date depending on the university term), the College Choir perform a short concert immediately after the clock strikes noon. Known as _Singing from the Towers_, half of the choir sings from the top of the Great Gate, while the other half sings from the top of the Clock Tower approximately 60 metres away, giving a strong antiphonal effect. Midway through the concert, the Cambridge University Brass Ensemble performs from the top of the Queen's Tower.

Later that same day, the College Choir gives a second open-air concert, known as _Singing on the River_, where they perform madrigals and arrangements of popular songs from a raft of punts lit with lanterns or fairy lights on the river . For the finale, John Wilbye 's madrigal _Draw on, sweet night_, the raft is unmoored and punted downstream to give a fade out effect. As a tradition, however, this latter concert dates back only to the mid-1980s, when the College Choir first acquired female members. In the years immediately before this, an annual concert on the river was given by the University Madrigal Society.

MALLARD

Another tradition relates to an artificial duck known as the Mallard, which should reside in the rafters of the Great Hall. Students occasionally moved the duck from one rafter to another without permission from the college. This is considered difficult; access to the Hall outside meal-times is prohibited and the rafters are dangerously high, so it was not attempted for several years. During the Easter term of 2006, the Mallard was knocked off its rafter by one of the pigeons which enter the Hall through the pinnacle windows. It was reinstated by students in 2016, and is only visible from the far end of the hall.

CHAIR LEGS AND BICYCLES

The statue of the college's founder Henry VIII presiding over the Great Gate, with a chair leg in his right hand

The sceptre held by the statue of Henry VIII mounted above the medieval Great Gate was replaced with a chair leg as a prank many years ago. It has remained there to this day: when in the 1980s students exchanged the chair leg for a bicycle pump, the College replaced the chair leg.

For many years it was the custom for students to place a bicycle high in branches of the tree in the centre of New Court. Usually invisible except in winter, when the leaves had fallen, such bicycles tended to remain for several years before being removed by the authorities. The students then inserted another bicycle.

COLLEGE RIVALRY

The college remains a great rival of St John\'s which is its main competitor in sports and academia (John's is situated next to Trinity). This has given rise to a number of anecdotes and myths. It is often cited as the reason why the older courts of Trinity
Trinity
generally have no J staircases, despite including other letters in alphabetical order. A far more likely reason remains the absence of the letter J in the Latin
Latin
alphabet , and it should be noted that St John\'s College\'s older courts also lack J staircases. There are also two small muzzle-loading cannons on the bowling green pointing in the direction of John's, though this orientation may be coincidental. Another story sometimes told is that the reason that the clock in Trinity
Trinity
Great Court strikes each hour twice is that the fellows of St John's once complained about the noise it made.

MINOR TRADITIONS

Trinity
Trinity
College undergraduate gowns are readily distinguished from the black gowns favoured by most other Cambridge colleges. They are instead dark blue with black facings. They are expected to be worn to formal events such as formal halls and also when an undergraduate sees the Dean of the College in a formal capacity.

Trinity
Trinity
students, along with those of King's and St John's, are the first to be presented to the Congregation of the Regent House at graduation.

COLLEGE GRACE

The High Table is at the far end of the dining hall under the portrait of Henry VIII

Each evening before dinner, grace is recited by the senior fellow presiding, as follows:

* _Benedic, Domine, nos et dona tua, (Bless us, Lord, and these gifts)_ * _quae de largitate tua sumus sumpturi, (which, through your generosity, we are about to receive)_ * _et concede, ut illis salubriter nutriti (and grant that we, wholesomely nourished by them,)_ * _tibi debitum obsequium praestare valeamus, (may be able to offer you the service we owe)_ * _per Christum Dominum nostrum. (through Christ our Lord)_

If both of the two high tables are in use then the following antiphonal formula is prefixed to the main grace:

* _A. Oculi omnium in te sperant Domine: (The eyes of all are on you, Lord)_ * _B. Et tu das escam illis in tempore. (and you give them their food, in due time.)_ * _A. Aperis tu manum tuam, (You open your hand)_ * _B. Et imples omne animal benedictione. (and bestow upon all living things your blessing.)_

Following the meal, the simple formula _Benedicto benedicatur_ is pronounced.

PEOPLE ASSOCIATED WITH THE COLLEGE

NOTABLE FELLOWS AND ALUMNI

Main article: List of alumni of Trinity
Trinity
College, Cambridge

The Parish of the Ascension Burial Ground in Cambridge contains the graves of 27 Fellows of Trinity
Trinity
College, Cambridge most of whom are also commemorated in Trinity
Trinity
College Chapel with brass plaques.

NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS

Amartya Sen
Amartya Sen
Bertrand Russell

NAME FIELD YEAR

John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh
John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh
Physics 1904

Joseph John (J. J.) Thomson Physics 1906

Ernest Rutherford Chemistry 1908

William Bragg Physics 1915

Lawrence Bragg Physics 1915

Charles Glover Barkla Physics 1917

Niels Bohr Physics 1922

Francis William Aston
Francis William Aston
Chemistry 1922

Archibald V. Hill Physiology or Medicine 1922

Austen Chamberlain Peace 1925

Owen Willans Richardson Physics 1928

Frederick Hopkins
Frederick Hopkins
Physiology or Medicine 1929

Edgar Douglas Adrian Physiology or Medicine 1932

Henry Dale Physiology or Medicine 1936

George Paget Thomson Physics 1937

Bertrand Russell Literature 1950

Ernest Walton Physics 1951

Richard Synge Chemistry 1952

John Kendrew
John Kendrew
Chemistry 1962

Alan Hodgkin Physiology or Medicine 1963

Andrew Huxley
Andrew Huxley
Physiology or Medicine 1963

Brian David Josephson Physics 1973

Martin Ryle Physics 1974

James Meade Economic Sciences 1977

Pyotr Kapitsa Physics 1978

Walter Gilbert Chemistry 1980

Aaron Klug Chemistry 1982

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Physics 1983

James Mirrlees Economic Sciences 1996

John Pople Chemistry 1998

Amartya Sen
Amartya Sen
Economic Sciences 1998

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan Chemistry 2009

FIELDS MEDALLISTS

Trinity
Trinity
College also has claim to a number of winners of the Fields Medal (commonly regarded as the mathematical equivalent of the Nobel Prize ): Michael Atiyah , Alan Baker , Richard Borcherds and Timothy Gowers . Atiyah is also an Abel Prize winner.

BRITISH PRIME MINISTERS

Lord Melbourne served as Prime Minister in 1834–1841

NAME PARTY YEAR

Spencer Perceval Tory 1809–1812

Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey Whig 1830–1834

William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne Whig 1834–1841

Arthur Balfour
Arthur Balfour
Conservative 1902–1905

Henry Campbell-Bannerman Liberal 1905–1908

Stanley Baldwin Conservative 1923–1924 1924–1929 1935–1937

Other Trinity
Trinity
politicians include Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex , courtier of Elizabeth I ; William Waddington , Prime Minister of France; Erskine Hamilton Childers
Erskine Hamilton Childers
, President of Ireland; Jawaharlal Nehru , the first and longest serving Prime Minister of India
India
; Rajiv Gandhi , Prime Minister of India; Lee Hsien Loong , Prime Minister of Singapore; Samir Rifai , Prime Minister of Jordan and William Whitelaw, 1st Viscount Whitelaw , Lady Thatcher\'s Home Secretary and subsequent Deputy Prime Minister.

MASTERS

Further information: List of Masters of Trinity
Trinity
College, Cambridge Martin Rees was Master of Trinity
Trinity
from 2004 to 2012

The head of Trinity
Trinity
College is called the Master.

The role is a Crown appointment, formerly made by the Monarch on the advice of the Prime Minister. Nowadays the Fellows of the College choose the new Master, and the Royal role is only nominal. The first Master, John Redman , was appointed in 1546. All six Masters subsequent to R.A. Butler had been Fellows of the College prior to becoming Master ( Honorary Fellow in the case of Martin Rees ). The last master was Martin Rees, Baron Rees of Ludlow (until end of June 2012). He was succeeded by Sir Gregory Winter on 2 October 2012.

SEE ALSO

* Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton
Institute for Mathematical Sciences, partially funded by Trinity

NOTES

* ^ map * ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=9Oob0qL4SVoC&pg=PR62 * ^ Student figures from the 2015 Cambridge Trinity
Trinity
College Official Website https://www.trin.cam.ac.uk/about * ^ " Trinity
Trinity
College Cambridge – Nobel Prizes". Trin.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 1 July 2016. * ^ Murray, Bill; Murray, William J (1 January 1998). _The World\'s Game: A History of Soccer_. ISBN 9780252067181 . * ^ " Westminster School Intranet". Intranet.westminster.org.uk. Retrieved 25 March 2010. * ^ _A_ _B_ "The colleges and halls – Trinity
Trinity
College British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 25 March 2010. * ^ Sample, Ian (6 April 2011). " Martin Rees wins controversial £1m prize". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 February 2012. * ^ Bloomberg.com (1 December 2005). "Cambridge and Oxford
Oxford
Adopt U.S. Methods to Win Alumni Donations". Retrieved 19 June 2006. . For comparison, the second richest college in Cambridge (St. John\'s ) has an estimated endowment of around £500 million, and the richest college in Oxford
Oxford
(St. John's) has about £200 million. * ^ _A_ _B_ Ruddick, Graham (28 January 2012). "Cambridge\'s Trinity
Trinity
College buys 50pc stake in Tesco
Tesco
stores". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 February 2012. * ^ "Cambridge Science Park". UK Science Parks Association. November 2006. Retrieved 29 February 2012. * ^ " Trinity
Trinity
College buys O2 concert arena". Daily Telegraph. 9 October 2009. Retrieved 29 February 2012. * ^ "University". International Byron Society. Retrieved 25 March 2010. * ^ "Cambridge Trinity
Trinity
Burnt Cream". thefoody.com. Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. * ^ "Dinner Menu". trin.cam.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 29 February 2008. * ^ "Diocese of Southwark:Parishes". Diocese of Southwark. Archived from the original on 4 September 2004. * ^ "Charity Commission Homepage". Charity-commission.gov.uk. 21 May 2007. Retrieved 25 March 2010. * ^ " Trinity
Trinity
Tour". Trin.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 1 July 2016. * ^ Trinity
Trinity
College Cambridge, "The Fountain", Issue 14, Spring 2012, p.12 * ^ "Whewell\'s Court, Trinity
Trinity
College". _British Listed Buildings_. English Heritage. Retrieved 21 March 2014. * ^ "MJP Architects". MJP Architects. Retrieved 25 March 2010. * ^ Trinity
Trinity
College, the Buildings Surrounding Great Court, Nevile\'s Court and New Court, and Including – Cambridge – Cambridgeshire – England. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved on 24 August 2013. * ^ Index of memorials in Trinity
Trinity
College Chapel and Ante-Chapel. Trinity
Trinity
College Chapel. Retrieved on 24 August 2013. * ^ About * ^ "Name: TRINITY COLLEGE, TRINITY BRIDGE List entry Number: 1331804". Historic England. Retrieved 13 April 2017. * ^ http://www.varsity.co.uk/news/10514 * ^ "Cambridge 2005/2006 admissions statistics by college" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2012. * ^ "Cambridge 2004/2005 admissions statistics by college" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2012. * ^ " Oxford
Oxford
3-year average admissions statistics by college". Retrieved 1 August 2013. * ^ Trinity
Trinity
College, Cambridge. " Trinity
Trinity
College Cambridge – 20th Century to Present". Trin.cam.ac.uk. Retrieved 1 July 2016. * ^ Student breaks \'Chariots of Fire\' record _Times Online_ article. 27 October 2007. * ^ " Trinity
Trinity
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