TOTTENHAM (/ˈtɒtnəm, -tən-/ ) is a district of north
England , within the
London Borough of Haringey
London Borough of Haringey . It is located 5
miles (8 km) north-east of
Charing Cross .
* 1 History
* 1.1 Toponymy
* 1.2 Early history
* 1.3 Modern era
* 1.4 Railways
* 2 Governance
* 2.1 Parliament
* 2.2 Local Government
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Districts
* 3.1.1 North
* 3.1.2 Central
* 3.1.4 West
* 3.2 Neighbouring areas
* 3.2.1 North
* 3.2.2 East
* 3.2.3 South
* 3.2.4 West
* 4 Demography and crime
* 4.1 Ethnic composition
* 4.2 Organised crime
* 4.3 Riots
* 5 Landmarks
* 6 Transport
* 7 Sport
* 8 Namesakes
* 9 Notable people
* 10 References
* 11 External links
Tottenham is believed to have been named after Tota, a farmer, whose
hamlet was mentioned in the
Domesday Book ; hence Tota's hamlet became
Tottenham. It was recorded in the
Domesday Book as Toteham.
Dorset Map of
Tottenham in 1619 (South shown at the top of the
There has been a settlement at
Tottenham for over a thousand years.
It grew up along the old
Roman road ,
Ermine Street (some of which is
part of the present A10 road ), and between High Cross and Tottenham
Hale , the present Monument Way.
Domesday Book was compiled in 1086, about 70 families lived
within the area of the manor, mostly labourers working for the Lord of
the Manor . A humorous poem entitled the
Tournament of Tottenham ,
written around 1400, describes a mock-battle between peasants vying
for the reeve 's daughter.
Tottenham was made an urban district and on 27 September
1934 it became a municipal borough . As from 1 April 1965, the
municipal borough formed part of the
London Borough of Haringey
London Borough of Haringey .
River Lea (or Lee) was the eastern boundary between the Municipal
Walthamstow . It is the ancient boundary
Essex and also formed the western boundary of
the Viking controlled
Danelaw . Today it is the boundary between the
London Boroughs of Haringey and
Waltham Forest . A major tributary of
the Lea , the River Moselle , also crosses the borough from west to
east, and often caused serious flooding until it was mostly covered in
the 19th century.
Tudor period onwards,
Tottenham became a popular recreation
and leisure destination for wealthy Londoners. Henry VIII is known to
Bruce Castle and also hunted in
Tottenham Wood. A rural
Tottenham also featured in
Izaak Walton 's book
The Compleat Angler
The Compleat Angler ,
published in 1653. The area became noted for its large Quaker
population and its schools (including Rowland Hill 's at Bruce
Tottenham remained a semi-rural and upper middle class area
until the 1870s.
In late-1870, the
Great Eastern Railway
Great Eastern Railway introduced special workman's
trains and fares on their newly opened Enfield and
lines. Tottenham's low-lying fields and market gardens were then
rapidly transformed into cheap housing for the lower-middle and
working-classes, who were able to commute cheaply to inner London. The
workman's fare policy stimulated the relatively early development of
the area into a suburb of London.
An incident occurred on 23 January 1909, which was at the time known
Tottenham Outrage . Two armed robbers of Russian extraction
held up the wages clerk of a rubber works in Chesnut Road. They made
their escape via
Tottenham Marshes and fled across the Lea. On the
opposite bank of the river, they hijacked a
tramcar , hotly pursued by the police on another tram. The hijacked
tram was stopped but the robbers continued their escape on foot. After
firing their weapons and killing two people, Ralph Joscelyne, aged 10,
and PC William Tyler, they were eventually cornered by the police and
committed suicide; rather than be captured. Fourteen other people were
wounded during the chase. The incident later became the subject of a
silent film .
Second World War
Second World War ,
Tottenham also became a target of the
German air offensive against Britain. Bombs fell within the borough
(Elmar Road) during the first air raid on
London on 24 August 1940.
The borough also received V-1 (four incidents) and
V-2 hits, the last
of which occurred on 15 March 1945. Wartime shortages led to the
Tottenham Pudding, a mixture of household waste food which
was converted into feeding stuffs for pigs and poultry. The "pudding"
was named by Queen Mary on a visit to
Tottenham Refuse Works.
Production continued into the post-war period, it's demise coinciding
with the merging of the borough into the newly created borough of
Broadwater Farm , the scene of rioting in 1985
In 1985, the
Broadwater Farm housing estate in
Tottenham was the
scene of rioting between the police and local youths following the
Cynthia Jarrett , a resident of
Tottenham but who lived about
a mile from the estate who died of heart failure after four policemen
burst into her home. The response of the members of the black
Tottenham and surrounding areas culminated in a riot
Tottenham High Road and ending in the local Broadwater
Farm Estate. One police officer,
Keith Blakelock , was murdered ; 58
policemen and 24 other people were injured in the fighting. Two of the
policemen were injured by gunshots during the riot, the first time
that firearms had been used in that type of confrontation.
Tottenham witnessed a high crime rate mostly relating to drug dealers
and gangs. In 1999,
Tottenham was identified as one of the yardies '
strongholds in London, along with
Stoke Newington ,
The Mecca Dance Hall was demolished in 2004 to make way for local
England riots were precipitated by the fatal shooting of
Mark Duggan , a 29-year-old man in Tottenham, by officers of the
Metropolitan Police Service
Metropolitan Police Service on 4 August 2011.
South Tottenham railway station (November 2005)
Northern and Eastern Railway – running from Stratford to
Broxbourne – was opened on 15 September 1840 with two stations in
Tottenham and Marsh Lane .
Tottenham & Hampstead Junction Railway was opened on 21 July
South Tottenham station was opened in 1871, while two other
stations on this line in the
Tottenham area were opened later:
Harringay Park (Green Lanes) opened in 1880, and St Ann\'s Road opened
in 1882 but closed after service on 8 August 1942.
Stoke Newington & Edmonton Railway – The section between
Stoke Newington and Lower Edmonton opened on 22 July 1872 with
Stamford Hill (half of the station lies in
the borough), Seven Sisters ,
Bruce Grove and
White Hart Lane .
Palace Gates Line opened in
Tottenham on 1 January 1878 with
stations at Seven Sisters and West Green . Passenger services ceased
in 1963 with the line finally closing on 7 February 1965.
South Tottenham is reported to be the most
ethnically-diverse area in Europe, with up to 300 languages being
spoken by its residents.
According to MP
David Lammy ,
Tottenham has the highest unemployment
London and the eighth highest in the United Kingdom, and it
has some of the highest poverty rates within the country. There have
also been major tensions between the African-Caribbean community and
the police since (and before) the 1985
Broadwater Farm riot .
The ethnic groups in
Tottenham as of the 2011 UK Census are as
* 22.3% White British
* 27.7% Other White
* 10.7% Asian
* 26.7% Black
* 12.6% Other/Mixed
Tottenham has been one of the main hotspots for gangs and gun crime
United Kingdom during the past three decades. This followed the
rise of gangs and drug wars throughout the area, notably those
Tottenham Mandem gang and various gangs from Hackney and
all of the areas surrounding Tottenham, and the emergence of an
organised crime ring known as the
Turkish mafia was said to have
controlled more than 90% of the UK's heroin market .
Broadwater Farm riot occurred around the
Broadwater Farm area
on 6 October 1985 following the death of
Cynthia Jarrett in a police
search of her home. The tension between local black youths and the
Metropolitan Police had been high due to a combination
of local issues and the aftermath of riots in
Brixton which had
occurred in the previous week. The riots resulted in the murder of a
police officer .
Bruce Grove Post Office was destroyed during the 2011
2011 Tottenham riots were a series of riots by protesters in
Tottenham, London. Attacks were carried out on two police cars, a bus,
a Post Office and several local shops from 8:00pm onwards on 6 August
2011. Riot police vans attended the scene of disturbances on Tottenham
High Road. Later in the evening the riot spread, with an Aldi
supermarket and a branch of
Allied Carpets also destroyed by fire, and
widespread looting in nearby
Wood Green shopping centre and the retail
Tottenham Hale. Several flats above shops on
Road collapsed due to the fires. 26 shared ownership flats in the
Union Point development above the Carpetright store – built in the
landmark Cooperative department store building – were also
completely destroyed by fire. The triggering event was when a group of
over one hundred local
Tottenham residents set out to undertake a
protest march against the killing of Mark Duggan , who was shot by
police officers assigned to Operation Trident earlier in the week. The
circumstances surrounding Duggan's death were not entirely clear at
the time of the riot. On 17 August 2011, the Prince of Wales and his
wife Duchess of Cornwall visited an emergency centre to meet victims
of the riots.
Bruce Castle, the old
Tottenham manor house, now a museum.
* All Hallows Church – This is the oldest surviving building in
the borough and dates back to Norman times . For more than 700 years
it was the original parish church for Tottenham. Presented in 1802
with a bell from the
Quebec Garrison, which was captured from the
French in the 1759 Battle of
Quebec , Canada. Adjacent to the church
Tottenham Cemetery – A large cemetery, which makes up part of an
open access area of land and habitat, along with
Bruce Castle Park and
All Hallows Churchyard.
Broadwater Farm –
Housing estate built in 1967; it was the site
Broadwater Farm riot in 1985.
Brook Street Chapel – Non-denominational Christian chapel,
established in 1839, and one of the earliest
Plymouth Brethren /Open
Brethren assemblies in
London that still exists. The church was
associated with local notable Christians such as
Hudson Taylor , Dr
John Eliot Howard ,
Luke Howard and
Philip Gosse .
Bruce Castle , Lordship Lane – Grade 1 listed, it was
Tottenham's manor house and dates from the sixteenth century, with
alterations by subsequent occupants. It was given the name 'Bruce
Castle' during the seventeenth century by the 2nd Lord Coleraine, who
Lord of the Manor
Lord of the Manor at the time. He named it after 'Robert the Bruce
', whose family had been lords of the manor during the medieval
period. The building was purchased by the Hill family, who turned it
into a progressive school. Sir Rowland Hill was its first headmaster,
and he was living there in 1840 when he, as Postmaster General ,
Uniform Penny Post . Now a local history museum, Bruce
Castle holds the archives of the
London Borough of Haringey.
Bruce Grove – The building features an
English Heritage blue
Luke Howard (1772–1864), the 'Father of
Meteorology', who named the clouds in 1802.
* Centre-piece of Northumberland Row. (May 2013).
Northumberland Row – Erected circa 1740 on the site of the former
Smithson seat, previously that of the Hynningham family. The gate
piers are possibly from
Bruce Castle . The wrought iron gate bears the
monogram HS for one of the two Hugh Smithsons , both Tottenham
landowners and sometime MPs for Middlesex.
* Clyde Circus conservation area
* Edmanson’s Close – Previously known as the Almshouses of the
Drapers' Company, they were built in 1870 and were established through
the generosity of three seventeenth-century benefactors , Sir John
Jolles, John Pemel and John Edmanson.
The towers of the
Broadwater Farm Estate dominate the western
* High Cross – Erected sometime between 1600 and 1609 on the site
of an earlier Christian cross, although there is some speculation that
the first structure on the site was a Roman beacon or marker, situated
on a low summit on
Ermine Street .
Tottenham High Cross is often
mistakenly thought to be an
Eleanor cross .
Markfield Beam Engine
* St Ann\'s Church – Consecrated in 1861, St Ann's Church houses
the organ that was originally in Crosby Hall,
Bishopsgate , on which
Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy
Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy , who composed the famous Wedding March
from A Midsummer Night\'s Dream , regularly gave recitals.
* St Ignatius' Church and College – Built between 1894 and 1902,
with two towers in the style of a 12th-century German cathedral, this
Catholic church is situated at the foot of
Stamford Hill and dominates
Tower Gardens Estate – Previously known as the LCC White Hart
Lane Estate, this "out of county" LCC cottage housing estate was
constructed beginning in 1904. The architectural style is said to be
inspired by houses in
Ghent , Belgium. The estate was the home of
Harry Champion , a well-known music hall star and performer of the
song "I\'m Henery the Eighth, I Am ".
London Underground lines serve the
Tottenham area. The
Piccadilly line, which opened in 1932, has one station Turnpike Lane ,
which was the first Underground station within the then Tottenham
Borough boundaries. The Victoria line, which opened in 1968, has its
operating depot in
Tottenham at Northumberland Park , as well as two
stations, Seven Sisters and
Tottenham Hale , in the area. Stations
Bruce Grove ,
White Hart Lane and
Northumberland Park also serve the area with train services provided
London Overground , apart from
Tottenham Hale and Northumberland
Park which is only a
National Rail stations, however if Crossrail 2
gets planning permission to be made then both those stations will also
be served by Crossrail services between Hertford East and several
destinations in Surrey. Those two stations are on the main Lea Valley
Line; the West Anglian Main Line, with services provided by Abellio
Greater Anglia , while Seven Sisters,
Bruce Grove and White Hart Lane
are all on the Lea Valley; Cheshunt/
Enfield Town Line which services
are provided by
London Overground trains also serve
South Tottenham station on the Gospel Oak –
White Hart Lane
Tottenham is the home of
Premier League football club Tottenham
Hotspur . From 1899 until 2017, the club's home ground was White Hart
Lane . In 2017,
White Hart Lane ground closed and demolition commenced
to make way for a new stadium on the same site, to open in August
2018. For the 2017-18 season , the club will play their home games at
Tottenham also has two non-League football clubs, Haringey Borough
F.C. and Haringey ">
Tottenham cake is a sponge cake baked in large metal trays, covered
either in pink icing or jam (and occasionally decorated with shredded
Tottenham Cake "was originally sold by the baker
Henry Chalkley, who was a Friend (or
Quaker ), at the price of one old
penny, with smaller mis-shaped pieces sold for half an old penny." The
pink colouring was derived from mulberries found growing at the
Tottenham Friends burial ground. Originally "a peculiar local
invention" of north London, the cake is now mass-produced by the
Greggs chain of bakers.
This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please
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Dotun Adebayo radio presenter, writer and publisher, lived and
attended school in Tottenham.
Adele (b. May 1988,
Adele Laurie Blue Adkins), singer-songwriter
and musician , was born in Tottenham.
Alex Boyé ,
Mormon singer and actor.
* Dave Clark , leader of the
Dave Clark Five
Dave Clark Five .
Teriy Keys , music executive , entrepreneur founder and co-chief
executive officer of R.O.A.D. Group .
George Harrison Marks , English glamour photographer and director
of adult films born in Tottenham.
* Mark Hollis , English musician and songwriter known for
and a short solo career.
* Richard Hudson , singer-songwriter and musician (Elmer Gantry\'s
Velvet Opera ,
Strawbs ) born in Tottenham.
David Lindon Lammy , Labour Party politician, MP for Tottenham
Meridian Dan , MC born & raised in Tottenham, known for "German
Whip", No. 13 in the UK Singles Chart.
Ron Moody , actor, born in Tottenham.
Trevor Peacock , actor, born in Tottenham.
Leslie Phillips , actor, born in Tottenham.
Skepta and Jme , MCs and members of the Boy Better Know (BBK)
Chip (rapper) , MC born & raised in Tottenham.
David Triesman , former chairman of the Football Association and
Labour peer in the
House of Lords
House of Lords , is from Tottenham.
Shani Wallis , actress and singer. Played Nancy in the 1968 film
of Oliver .
* John Williams , shipbuilder, and missionary in the South Pacific .
* Ted Willis , playwright , best known for the
BBC TV programme
Dixon of Dock Green .
Wretch 32 , MC born & raised in Tottenham
* Bob Bradbury , musician, lead singer and founder member of 1970s
Glam Rock band Hello, lived and attended school in Tottenham.
Dubzy , MC ">
* ^ "Local statistics: Office for National Statistics".
* ^ Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd
ed.), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180
* ^ Roach, Peter (2011), Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary
(18th ed.), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521152532
* ^ "DocumentsOnline Image Details". The National Archives.
Retrieved 10 December 2009.
* ^ "The Complete Angler by Isaak Walton – Free eBook".
Manybooks.net. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
* ^ "
Quaker Meeting (Religious Society of Friends)".
Tottenhamquakers.org.uk. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
* ^ "E.Howard, \'\'Eliot Papers\'\', 1895". Archive.org. Retrieved
10 December 2009.
* ^ The
Tottenham Outrage. Retrieved 2 February 2008.
Tottenham outrage- silent film. Retrieved 10 November 2008.
* ^ "Police tackle London\'s Yardies".
* ^ Lewis, Paul (7 August 2011). "
Tottenham riots: a peaceful
protest, then suddenly all hell broke loose". The Guardian. London.
Retrieved 7 August 2011.
* ^ "
Tottenham in flames as protesters riot". The Guardian. London.
6 August 2011. Retrieved 6 August 2011.
* ^ "Tension builds in
Enfield Town as small groups arrive in
area". Enfield Independent. Retrieved 7 August 2011.
* ^ Bracchi, Paul (8 August 2011). "Violence, drugs, a fatal
stabbing and a most unlikely martyr". Daily Mail. London: Associated
Newspapers . Archived from the original on 9 August 2011. Retrieved 8
Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth,
Tottenham parish (historic map). Retrieved 10 February 2008.
* ^ Jumana Farouky (15 February 2007). "Unity Begins at Home".
TIME. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
* ^ David Lammie. "Response to the Comprehensive Spending Review".
Retrieved 25 February 2011.
* ^ "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk.
* ^ Tony Thompson (17 November 2002). "
Heroin \'emperor\' brings
terror to UK streets". The Guardian. London.
* ^ Newman, K. Archived 8 February 2009 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ "Brook Street Chapel". Brook Street Chapel. 31 October 2009.
Retrieved 10 December 2009.
* ^ "
Bruce Castle Museum". Haringey.gov.uk. Retrieved 10 December
* ^ A B C D Transport for
London (January 2016). Standard Tube Map
(PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from
the original on 3 January 2015.
* ^ Transport for
London (October 2015).
London Overground Map
(PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from
the original on 3 January 2016.
* ^ Ferris, Ken; Lane, Wyart. "Frequently Asked Questions about the
HTTP ). The 'My Eyes Have Seen the Glory' website. Retrieved
22 September 2009.
* ^ "Dressed in Simplicity: 300 years of Quakers in Tottenham".
Retrieved 30 January 2014.
* Tottenham: Growth before