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Home Secretary

Home Office under Theresa May National Crime Agency Snooper's Charter 2016 Leadership Election

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Incumbent

First Ministry and Term

First ministry (majority) Brexit Invocation of Article 50 Aftermath of Brexit 2017 general election Dementia tax

Second Ministry and Term

Second ministry (minority) Conservative–DUP agreement 2017 Conference 2018 reshuffle

v t e

Theresa Mary May (/təˈriːzə/;[1] née Brasier /ˈbreɪʒər/; born 1 October 1956) has been Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
and Leader
Leader
of the Conservative Party since 2016. She served as Home Secretary from 2010 to 2016. May was first elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Maidenhead in 1997. Ideologically, she identifies herself as a one-nation conservative. May grew up in Oxfordshire. From 1977 until 1983, she worked for the Bank of England, and from 1985 until 1997 at the Association for Payment Clearing Services, also serving as a councillor for Durnsford in Merton. After unsuccessful attempts to be elected to the House of Commons in 1992 and 1994, she was elected as the MP for Maidenhead in the 1997 general election. From 1999 to 2010, May held a number of roles in the Shadow Cabinets of William Hague, Iain Duncan Smith, Michael Howard, and David Cameron, including Shadow Transport Secretary and Shadow Work and Pensions Secretary. She was also Chairman of the Conservative Party
Chairman of the Conservative Party
from 2002 to 2003. After the formation of a coalition government following the 2010 general election, May was appointed Home Secretary
Home Secretary
and Minister for Women and Equalities, giving up the latter role in 2012. Reappointed after the Conservative victory in the 2015 general election, she went on to become the longest-serving Home Secretary
Home Secretary
for over 60 years. During her tenure she pursued reform of the Police Federation, implemented a harder line on drugs policy including the banning of khat, oversaw the introduction of elected Police and Crime Commissioners, the deportation of Abu Qatada, the creation of the National Crime Agency
National Crime Agency
and brought in additional restrictions on immigration.[2] Following Cameron's resignation, May won a leadership election in July 2016, becoming the second female Prime Minister after Margaret Thatcher. As Prime Minister, May began the process of withdrawing the UK from the European Union, triggering Article 50 in March 2017. In April 2017, May announced a snap general election in June, with the aim of strengthening her hand in Brexit
Brexit
negotiations.[3] This resulted in a hung parliament, in which the number of Conservative seats fell from 330 to 317, despite the party winning their highest vote share since 1983, prompting her to broker a confidence and supply deal with the Democratic Unionist Party
Democratic Unionist Party
(DUP) to support a minority government.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Early career 3 Early political career 4 Home Secretary

4.1 Police and crime

4.1.1 Anti-social behaviour 4.1.2 Drug policy

4.2 Immigration

4.2.1 Family migration 4.2.2 Deportation decisions 4.2.3 Abu Qatada
Abu Qatada
deportation 4.2.4 "Go Home" advertisements 4.2.5 Passport backlog

4.3 Birmingham schools row

5 Minister for Women and Equalities 6 Prime Minister

6.1 Leadership election 6.2 Appointment 6.3 Cabinet changes 6.4 First term 6.5 2017 general election 6.6 Second term 6.7 Public opinion

7 Political positions

7.1 Same-sex relationships 7.2 Brexit 7.3 Personal life

8 Activism and awards 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Early life and education Born on 1 October 1956 in Eastbourne, Sussex, May is the only child of Zaidee Mary (née Barnes; 1928–1982) and Hubert Brasier (1917–1981).[4] Her father was a Church of England
Church of England
clergyman (and an Anglo-Catholic[5]) who was chaplain of an Eastbourne
Eastbourne
hospital.[6] He later became vicar of Enstone
Enstone
with Heythrop
Heythrop
and finally of St Mary's at Wheatley, to the east of Oxford.[7][8][9][10] May's mother was a strong supporter of the Conservative Party.[11]

The Church of St. Mary the Virgin, Wheatley, where May's father was vicar and where May married[12][13]

She initially attended Heythrop
Heythrop
Primary School, a state school in Heythrop, followed by St. Juliana's Convent School for Girls, a Roman Catholic independent school in Begbroke, which closed in 1984.[14][15][16] When she was 13, May won a place at the former Holton Park Girls' Grammar School, a state school in Wheatley. During her time as a pupil, the Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
education system was reorganised and the school became the new Wheatley Park Comprehensive School.[14][17] May later attended the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
where she read geography at St Hugh's College, graduating with a second class BA degree in 1977.[18] Early career Between 1977 and 1983 May worked at the Bank of England, and from 1985 to 1997 as a financial consultant and senior advisor in International Affairs at the Association for Payment Clearing Services.[19] She married Philip May
Philip May
in September 1980. Her father died in a car accident in 1981 and her mother of multiple sclerosis the following year.[20][21][22] May later stated she was "sorry they never saw me elected as a Member of Parliament".[23] May served as a councillor for Durnsford ward[24] on the London Borough of Merton from 1986 to 1994, where she was Chairman of Education (1988–90) and Deputy Group Leader
Leader
and Housing Spokesman (1992–94). In the 1992 general election May stood unsuccessfully for the safe Labour seat of North West Durham, coming second to incumbent MP Hilary Armstrong
Hilary Armstrong
by 12,747 votes (27.6%) to 26,734 (57.8%), with future Liberal Democrat leader Tim Farron
Tim Farron
coming third. May then stood at the 1994 Barking by-election, which was prompted by the death of Labour MP Jo Richardson. The seat had been continuously held by Labour since it was created in 1945 and Labour candidate Margaret Hodge
Margaret Hodge
was expected to win easily, which she did, with 13,704 votes (72.1%). May came a distant third with 1,976 votes (10.4%). Ahead of the 1997 general election, May was selected as the Conservative candidate for Maidenhead, a new seat which was created from parts of the seats of Windsor and Maidenhead and Wokingham. She was elected with 25,344 votes (49.8%), almost double the total of second-placed Andrew Terence Ketteringham of the Liberal Democrats, who took 13,363 votes (26.3%).[19] Early political career Having entered Parliament, May became a member of William Hague's front-bench Opposition team, as Shadow Spokesman for Schools, Disabled People and Women (1998–1999). She became the first of the 1997 MPs to enter the Shadow Cabinet when in 1999 she was appointed Shadow Education and Employment Secretary. After the 2001 election the new Conservative leader Iain Duncan Smith
Iain Duncan Smith
kept her in the Shadow Cabinet, moving her to the Transport portfolio. May was appointed the first female Chairman of the Conservative Party in July 2002. During her speech at the 2002 Conservative Party Conference, she explained why, in her view, her party must change: "You know what people call us? The Nasty Party".[25][26] In 2003, she was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Transport after Michael Howard's election as Conservative Party and Opposition Leader
Leader
in November that year.[27] In June 2004 she was moved to become Shadow Secretary of State for the Family. Following the 2005 general election she was also made Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. David Cameron appointed her Shadow Leader of the House of Commons
Shadow Leader of the House of Commons
in December 2005 after his accession to the leadership. In January 2009, May was made Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions. On 6 May 2010, May was re-elected MP for Maidenhead with an increased majority of 16,769 – 60% of the vote. This followed an earlier failed attempt to unseat her in 2005 as one of the Liberal Democrats' leading "decapitation-strategy" targets.[28] Home Secretary Main article: Home Office under Theresa May

May with her then-leader David Cameron, May 2010

On 12 May 2010, when May was appointed Home Secretary
Home Secretary
and Minister for Women and Equality by Prime Minister David Cameron
David Cameron
as part of his first Cabinet, she became the fourth woman to hold one of the British Great Offices of State, after Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher
(Prime Minister), Margaret Beckett
Margaret Beckett
(Foreign Secretary) and Jacqui Smith
Jacqui Smith
(Home Secretary).[29] As Home Secretary, May was also a member of the National Security Council.[30] She was the longest-serving Home Secretary for over 60 years, since James Chuter Ede
James Chuter Ede
who served over six years and two months from August 1945 to October 1951. May's appointment as Home Secretary
Home Secretary
was somewhat unexpected, with Chris Grayling having served as shadow Home Secretary
Home Secretary
in opposition.[31][32] May's debut as Home Secretary
Home Secretary
involved overturning several of the previous Labour government's measures on data collection and surveillance in England and Wales. By way of a government bill which became the Identity Documents Act 2010, she brought about the abolition of the Labour government's National Identity Card and database scheme[33][34] and reformed the regulations on the retention of DNA samples for suspects and controls on the use of CCTV
CCTV
cameras. In May 2010, May announced the adjournment of the deportation to the United States
United States
of alleged computer hacker Gary McKinnon.[35] She also suspended the registration scheme for carers of children and vulnerable people, with May saying that the measures were "draconian. You were assumed to be guilty until you were proven innocent, and told you were able to work with children."[36][37] On 4 August 2010, it was reported that May was scrapping the former Labour government's proposed "go orders" scheme to protect women from domestic violence by banning abusers from the victim's home.[38] In June 2010, May faced her first major national security incident as Home Secretary
Home Secretary
with the Cumbria shootings.[39][40] She delivered her first major speech in the House of Commons as Home Secretary
Home Secretary
in a statement on this incident,[41] later visiting the victims with the Prime Minister.[42][43] Also in June 2010, May banned the Indian Muslim preacher Zakir Naik
Zakir Naik
from entering the United Kingdom.

May and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Narendra Modi
at the India-UK Tech Summit in New Delhi

[44] According to The Telegraph, a Home Office official who disagreed with this decision was suspended.[45] In late June 2010, May announced plans for a temporary cap on UK visas for non-EU migrants.[46] The move raised concerns about the impact on the British economy.[47] In August 2013, May supported the detention of David Miranda, partner of Guardian journalist Glenn Greenwald, under the Terrorism Act 2000, saying that critics of the Metropolitan Police action needed to "think about what they are condoning".[48] Lib Dem peer and former Director of Public Prosecutions Ken Macdonald
Ken Macdonald
accused May of an "ugly and unhelpful" attempt to implicate those who were concerned about the police action of "condoning terrorism".[48] The High Court subsequently acknowledged there were "indirect implications for press freedom" but ruled the detention legal.[49] May also championed legislation popularly dubbed the Snooper's Charter, requiring internet and mobile service providers to keep records of internet usage, voice calls, messages and email for up to a year in case police requested access to the records while investigating a crime. The Liberal Democrats had blocked the first attempt,[50] but after the Conservative Party obtained a majority in the 2015 general election May announced a new Draft Investigatory Powers Bill similar to the Draft Communications Data Bill, although with more limited powers and additional oversight.[51][52] Police and crime Speaking at the Association of Chief Police Officers (ACPO) conference in June 2010, May announced radical cuts to the Home Office budget, likely to lead to a reduction in police numbers.[53] In July 2010, May presented the House of Commons with proposals for a fundamental review of the previous Labour government's security and counter-terrorism legislation, including "stop and search" powers, and her intention to review the 28-day limit on detaining terrorist suspects without charge.[54][55] In July 2010, May announced a package of reforms to policing in England and Wales
England and Wales
in the House of Commons.[56] The previous Labour Government's central crime agency, Soca (Serious Organised Crime Agency), was to be replaced by a new National Crime Agency. In common with the Conservative Party 2010 general election manifesto's flagship proposal for a "Big Society" based on voluntary action, May also proposed increasing the role of civilian "reservists" for crime control. The reforms were rejected by the Opposition Labour Party.[56] Following the actions of some members of Black Bloc
Black Bloc
in vandalising allegedly tax-avoiding shops and businesses on the day of the March 2011 TUC march, the Home Secretary
Home Secretary
unveiled reforms[57] curbing the right to protest, including giving police extra powers to remove masked individuals and to police social networking sites to prevent illegal protest without police consent or notification.[58] In July 2013, May welcomed the fact that crime had fallen by more than 10% under the coalition government, while still being able to make savings. She said that this was partly due to the government removing red tape and scrapping targets to allow the police to concentrate on crime fighting.[59] In 2014, May delivered a speech to the Police Federation, in which she criticised aspects of the culture of the police force.[60] In the speech, she said:

When you remember the list of recent revelations about police misconduct, it is not enough to mouth platitudes about "a few bad apples". The problem might lie with a minority of officers, but it is still a significant problem, and a problem that needs to be addressed ... according to one survey carried out recently, only 42% of black people from a Caribbean background trust the police. That is simply not sustainable ... I will soon publish proposals to strengthen the protections available to whistleblowers in the police. I am creating a new criminal offence of police corruption. And I am determined that the use of stop and search must come down, become more targeted and lead to more arrests.[61]

On 9 December 2010, in the wake of violent student demonstrations in central London against increases to higher-education tuition fees, May praised the actions of the police in controlling the demonstrations but was described by The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
as "under growing political pressure" due to her handling of the protests.[62][63] In December 2010, May declared that deployment of water cannon by police forces in mainland Britain was an operational decision which had been "resisted until now by senior police officers."[64] She rejected their use following the widespread rioting in summer 2011 and said: "the way we police in Britain is not through use of water cannon. The way we police in Britain is through consent of communities." May said: "I condemn utterly the violence in Tottenham... Such disregard for public safety and property will not be tolerated, and the Metropolitan Police have my full support in restoring order."[65] In the aftermath of the riots May urged the identification of as many as possible of the young criminals involved. She said: "when I was in Manchester last week, the issue was raised to me about the anonymity of juveniles who are found guilty of crimes of this sort. The Crown Prosecution Service is to order prosecutors to apply for anonymity to be lifted in any youth case they think is in the public interest. The law currently protects the identity of any suspect under the age of 18, even if they are convicted, but it also allows for an application to have such restrictions lifted, if deemed appropriate." May added that "what I've asked for is that CPS guidance should go to prosecutors to say that where possible, they should be asking for the anonymity of juveniles who are found guilty of criminal activity to be lifted".[66] Anti-social behaviour In July 2010, May proposed to review the previous Labour Government's anti-social behaviour legislation signalling the abolition of the "Anti-Social Behaviour Order" (ASBO). She identified the policy's high level of failure with almost half of ASBOs breached between 2000 and 2008, leading to "fast-track" criminal convictions. May proposed a less punitive, community-based approach to tackling social disorder. May suggested that anti-social behaviour policy "must be turned on its head", reversing the ASBO's role as the flagship crime control policy legislation under Labour.[67][68] Former Labour Home Secretaries David Blunkett (who introduced ASBOs) and Alan Johnson
Alan Johnson
expressed their disapproval of the proposals.[69] Drug policy

Khat
Khat
bundles

In July 2013, May decided to ban the stimulant khat, against the advice of the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
(ACMD). The council reached the conclusion that there was "insufficient evidence" it caused health problems.[70] Explaining the change in the classification May said: "The decision to bring khat under control is finely balanced and takes into account the expert scientific advice and these broader concerns", and pointed out that the product had already been banned in the majority of other EU member states, as well as most of the G8 countries including Canada
Canada
and the US.[71] A report on khat use by the ACMD published in January 2013 had noted the product had been associated with "acute psychotic episodes", "chronic liver disease" and family breakdown. However, it concluded that there is no risk of harm for most users, and recommended that khat remain uncontrolled due to lack of evidence for these associations.[72] Liberal Democrat minister Norman Baker
Norman Baker
accused May of suppressing proposals to treat rather than prosecute minor drug offenders from a report into drug policy commissioned by the Home Office.[73][74] The Home Office denied that its officials had considered this as part of their strategy. Baker cited difficulties in working with May as the reason for his resignation from the Home Office in the run-up to the 2015 general election.[75][76][77][78] Immigration In 2010, May promised to bring the level of net migration down to less than 100,000.[79] The Independent
The Independent
reported in February 2015, "The Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
(ONS) announced a net flow of 298,000 migrants to the UK in the 12 months to September 2014—up from 210,000 in the previous year."[80] In total, 624,000 people migrated to the UK in the year ending September 2014 and 327,000 left in the same period. Statistics showed "significant increases in migration among both non-EU citizens—up 49,000 to 292,000—and EU citizens, which rose by 43,000 to 251,000."[80] May rejected the European Union's proposal of compulsory refugee quotas.[81] She said that it was important to help people living in war-zone regions and refugee camps but "not the ones who are strong and rich enough to come to Europe".[82] In May 2016, The Daily Telegraph reported that she had tried to save £4m by rejecting an intelligence project to use aircraft surveillance to detect illegal immigrant boats.[83] Family migration In June 2012, Theresa May
Theresa May
announced that new restrictions would be introduced to reduce the number of non- European Economic Area
European Economic Area
family migrants. The changes were mostly intended to apply to new applicants after 9 July 2012.[84] The newly introduced rules came into effect on 9 July 2012 allowing only those British citizens earning more than £18,600 to bring their spouses or their children to live with them in the UK. This figure would rise significantly in cases where visa applications are also made for children. They also increased the current two-year probationary period for partners to 5 years. The rules also prevent any adult and elderly dependents from settling in the UK unless they can demonstrate that, as a result of age, illness or disability, they require a level of long-term personal care that can only be provided by a relative in the UK.[85] The House of Lords
House of Lords
was concerned about the immigration issue and therefore addressed the PM in Parliament as to whether she had examined the impact on communities and families on modest incomes, but it received no direct response.[86] The human rights group Liberty concluded that the new rules showed scant regard to the impact they would have on genuine families.[87] The All-Party Parliamentary Group on Migration conducted an evidence based inquiry into the impact of the rules and concluded in their report that the rules were causing very young children to be separated from their parents and could exile British citizens from the UK.[88] Deportation decisions

May, David Cameron
David Cameron
and Najib Razak, 14 July 2011

At the Conservative Party Conference in October 2011, while arguing that the Human Rights Act needed to be amended, May gave the example of a foreign national who the Courts ruled was allowed to remain in the UK, "because—and I am not making this up—he had a pet cat". In response, the Royal Courts of Justice issued a statement, denying that this was the reason for the tribunal's decision in that case, and stating that the real reason was that he was in a genuine relationship with a British partner, and owning a pet cat was simply one of many pieces of evidence given to show that the relationship was "genuine". The Home Office had failed to apply its own rules for dealing with unmarried partners of people settled in the UK.[89] Amnesty International said May's comments only fuelled "myths and misconceptions" about the Human Rights Act and Justice Secretary Kenneth Clarke
Kenneth Clarke
subsequently called May's comments "laughable and childlike."[90][91] In June 2012, May was found in contempt of court by Judge Barry Cotter, and stood accused of "totally unacceptable and regrettable behaviour", being said to have shown complete disregard for a legal agreement to free an Algerian from a UK Immigration Detention Centre. As she eventually allowed the prisoner to be freed, May avoided further sanctions including fines or imprisonment.[92][93] May responded to a Supreme Court decision in November 2013 to overturn her predecessor Jacqui Smith's revocation of Iraqi-born terror suspect Al Jedda's British citizenship by ordering it to be revoked for a second time, making him the first person to be stripped twice of British citizenship.[94][95][96] May was accused by Lord Roberts of being willing to allow someone to die "to score a political point" over the deportation of mentally ill Nigerian man Isa Muazu.[97] According to Muazu's solicitor, May had arranged for the asylum seeker, who was said to be "near death" after a 100-day hunger strike, to be deported by a chartered private jet.[97] To strengthen the Home Office's tough stance an "end of life" plan was reportedly offered to Muazu, who was one of a number of hunger strikers at the Harmondsworth Immigration Removal Centre.[98] Abu Qatada
Abu Qatada
deportation

Abu Qatada's deportation to Jordan

On 7 July 2013, Abu Qatada, a radical cleric arrested in 2002, was deported to Jordan
Jordan
after a decade-long battle that had cost the nation £1.7 million in legal fees,[99] and numerous prior Home Secretaries had been unable to resolve.[100] The deportation was the result of a treaty negotiated by May in April 2013, under which Jordan
Jordan
agreed to give Qatada a fair trial, by not using evidence that may have been obtained through torture against him.[101] May has frequently pointed to Qatada's deportation as a triumph, guaranteeing in September 2013 that "he will not be returning to the UK", and declaring in her 2016 leadership campaign announcement that she was told that she "couldn't deport Abu Qatada" but that she "flew to Jordan
Jordan
and negotiated the treaty that got him out of Britain for good".[102][103] The Qatada deportation also shaped May's views on the European Convention on Human Rights
European Convention on Human Rights
and European Court of Human Rights, saying that they had "moved the goalposts" and had a "crazy interpretation of our human rights laws", as a result, May has since campaigned against the institutions, saying that British withdrawal from them should be considered.[99] "Go Home" advertisements

External image

Image of the "Go Home" advert vans. From The Independent, Credit: Home Office/PA.

In August 2013, the Home Office engaged in an advertising campaign directed at illegal immigrants.[104] The advertisements, in the form of mobile advertising hoardings on the back of lorries, told illegal immigrants to "go home or face arrest", with an image of a person in handcuffs, and were deployed in six London boroughs with substantial ethnic minority populations. They were widely criticized as creating a hostile atmosphere for members of ethnic minority groups.[105] The shadow Home Secretary, Yvette Cooper, described their language as being reminiscent of that used by the National Front in the 1970s.[106] An adjudication by the Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) said that "the claim [that 106 arrests were made last week] was misleading and had not been substantiated" was followed by the advertisements being withdrawn after being banned by the ASA.[107] Passport backlog In mid 2014, the Passport Office faced a backlog in developing processing passport applications, with around 30,000 applications hit by delays.[108] David Cameron
David Cameron
suggested this had come about due to the Passport Office's receiving an "above normal" 300,000-rise in applications.[109] It was revealed, however, that May had been warned the year before, in July 2013, that a surge of 350,000 extra applications could occur owing to the closure of processing overseas under Chancellor Osborne's programme of cuts.[110] Around £674,000 was paid to staff who helped clear the backlog.[111] Birmingham schools row In June 2014, an inflamed public argument arose between Home Office and Education Ministers about responsibility for alleged extremism in Birmingham schools.[112][113] Prime Minister David Cameron
David Cameron
intervened to resolve the row, insisting that May sack her Special
Special
Advisor Fiona Cunningham (now Hill) for releasing on May's website a confidential letter to May's colleagues,[114] and that Michael Gove, the Education Secretary, apologise to the Home Office's head of Security and Counter-Terrorism, Charles Farr, for uncomplimentary briefings of him appearing on the front page of The Times.[115][116] Minister for Women and Equalities

May and Justine Greening
Justine Greening
speaking at Youth For Change, 19 July 2014

May held the office of Minister for Women and Equality
Minister for Women and Equality
in parallel to her office of Home Secretary
Home Secretary
from 2010 to September 2012, when this role was taken over by Maria Miller.[117] May's appointment as Minister for Women and Equality
Minister for Women and Equality
was criticised by some members of the LGBT rights
LGBT rights
movement,[118] because she had voted against lowering the age of consent (in 1998) and against greater adoption rights for homosexuals (in 2002), though she had voted in favour of civil partnerships.[119][120] May later stated, during an appearance on the BBC's Question Time in 2010, that she had "changed her mind" on gay adoption.[121] Writing for PinkNews
PinkNews
in June 2010, May clarified her proposals for improving LGBT rights
LGBT rights
including measures to tackle homophobia in sport, advocating British society's need for "cultural change".[122] On 2 July 2010, May stated she would be supporting the previous Labour Government's Anti-Discrimination Laws enshrined in the Equality Act 2010 despite having opposed it before.[123] The Equality Act came into effect in England, Wales and Scotland on 1 October 2010.[124] She did however announce that a clause she dubbed "Harman's Law"[125] which would have required public bodies to consider how they can reduce socio-economic inequalities when making decisions about spending and services[126] would be scrapped on the grounds that it was "unworkable".[127] Prime Minister Main article: Premiership of Theresa May Leadership election Further information: Conservative Party (UK)
Conservative Party (UK)
leadership election, 2016 On 30 June 2016, May announced her candidacy for the leadership of the Conservative Party to replace David Cameron, who resigned following the outcome of the European Union
European Union
membership referendum in which 52% of voters voted in favour of leaving the EU. May emphasised the need for unity within the party regardless of positions on leaving the EU, saying she could bring "strong leadership" and a "positive vision" for the country's future. Despite having backed a vote to remain in the EU, she insisted that there would be no second referendum, saying: "The campaign was fought... and the public gave their verdict. There must be no attempts to remain inside the EU, no attempts to rejoin it through the back door... Brexit
Brexit
means Brexit". An opinion poll that day found 47% of people choosing May as their preferred candidate to be Prime Minister.[128] May's supporters included a number of Cabinet ministers, such as Amber Rudd, Chris Grayling, Justine Greening, Jeremy Hunt, Michael Fallon and Patrick McLoughlin.[129] She won the first round of voting on 5 July, receiving support from 165 MPs, with rivals Andrea Leadsom receiving 66 votes and Michael Gove
Michael Gove
48. After the results were announced, May said she was "pleased" and "grateful" for the support of other MPs and confirmed that she wanted to unite the party and the UK, to negotiate the "best possible deal as we leave the EU", and to "make Britain work for everyone".[130] The two candidates with the fewest votes, Liam Fox
Liam Fox
and Stephen Crabb, immediately announced their support for May.[131] May came in first place in the second ballot on 7 July with an overwhelming majority of 199 MPs, compared with 84 for Leadsom and 46 for Gove, who was eliminated.[132] Afterwards, May stated that she was delighted with her support among MPs, and she progressed to a vote of the Conservative Party membership against Leadsom.[133] On 11 July, Leadsom announced her withdrawal from the leadership contest hours after May had made her first official campaign speech, saying her lack of support amongst Conservative MPs compared to May would be too great a hindrance to becoming a credible Prime Minister.[134] As the sole remaining candidate, May was formally declared Leader
Leader
of the Conservative Party that evening.[135][136] Appointment On 13 July 2016, two days after becoming Leader
Leader
of the Conservative Party, May was appointed Prime Minister by Queen Elizabeth II, becoming only the second female British Prime Minister after Margaret Thatcher, and the first female British Prime Minister of the 21st century.[137][138][139] Addressing the world's media outside 10 Downing Street, May said that she was "honoured and humbled" to become Prime Minister. On becoming Prime Minister, May became the first woman to have held two of the Great Offices of State. Responding to some calls for an early general election, "sources close to Mrs May" said there was no need for such an election.[140] In a speech after her appointment, May emphasised the term "Unionist" in the name of the Conservative Party, reminding all of "the precious, precious bond between England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland."[141] By 15 July, May had travelled to Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to meet with First Minister Nicola Sturgeon
Nicola Sturgeon
to reinforce the bond between Scotland and the rest of the United Kingdom. "I'm coming here to show my commitment to preserving this special union that has endured for centuries," she explained.[142] Cabinet changes May's first Cabinet appointment was described by Reuters
Reuters
as "one of the most sweeping government reshuffles for decades", and called "a brutal cull" by The Daily Telegraph.[143][144] Nine of Cameron's ministers, including several prominent members, were sacked or resigned from their posts.[144] The early appointments were interpreted both as an effort to reunite the Conservative Party in the wake of the UK's vote to leave the EU and as "a shift to the right," according to The Guardian.[145] ITV's Political Editor Robert Peston commented: "Her rhetoric is more left-wing than Cameron's was, her cabinet is more right-wing than his was."[146] Although May had supported remaining in the EU, she appointed several of the most prominent advocates of Brexit
Brexit
to key Cabinet positions responsible for negotiating the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
withdrawal from the European Union, including Boris Johnson
Boris Johnson
as Foreign Secretary, David Davis as Brexit Secretary, and Liam Fox
Liam Fox
as International Trade Secretary, the latter two being new positions.[142][147] Other key appointees included Amber Rudd as Home Secretary
Home Secretary
and Philip Hammond
Philip Hammond
as Chancellor of the Exchequer.[148] First term Main article: First May ministry

May and Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
during the G20
G20
summit in Hangzhou

May speaking to the United Nations General Assembly
United Nations General Assembly
in September 2016

The First May ministry
First May ministry
delayed the final approval for the Hinkley Point C nuclear power station in July 2016, a project which May had objected to when she was Home Secretary.[149][150] Her political adviser Nick Timothy
Nick Timothy
wrote an article in 2015 to oppose China's involvement in sensitive sectors. He said that the government was "selling our national security to China" without rational concerns and "the Government seems intent on ignoring the evidence and presumably the advice of the security and intelligence agencies".[151] In July 2016, when George Kerevan
George Kerevan
asked her whether she would be prepared to authorise the killing of a hundred thousand innocent persons by a nuclear strike; during the "Trident debate" inside the House of Commons, May said "Yes. And I have to say to the honourable gentleman: the whole point of a deterrent is that our enemies need to know that we would be prepared to use it. Unlike some suggestions that we could have a nuclear deterrent but not actually be willing to use it, which come from the Labour Party frontbench."[152] On 20 July, May attended her first Prime Minister's Questions
Prime Minister's Questions
since taking office, then afterwards made her first overseas trip as prime minister, visiting Berlin for talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel. During the visit, May said that she would not trigger Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon—the process for withdrawing from the European Union—before 2017, suggesting it would take time for the UK to negotiate a "sensible and orderly departure" from the EU. However, although Merkel said it was right for the UK to "take a moment" before beginning the process, she urged May to provide more clarity on a timetable for negotiations. Shortly before travelling to Berlin, May had also announced that in the wake of the referendum, Britain would relinquish the presidency of the Council of the European Union, which passes between member states every six months on a rotation basis, and that the UK had been scheduled to hold in the second half of 2017.[153][154] May supported the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen
and defended selling arms to Saudi Arabia,[155] which is accused of committing war crimes in Yemen,[156] insisting that Britain's close relationship with Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
was "helping keep people on the streets of Britain safe".[157]

May and Donald Trump
Donald Trump
in Washington, D.C., January 2017

On 21 January 2017, following the inauguration of Donald Trump
Donald Trump
as US President, the White House
White House
announced that May would meet the President on 27 January, making her the first foreign leader to meet Trump since he took office on 20 January.[158] In a joint press conference, May indicated an interest in increased trade between the United States
United States
and the United Kingdom. She also affirmed a desire to maintain an American involvement in NATO.[159] May was criticised by members of major parties, including her own, for refusing to condemn Trump's Executive Order 13769, as well as for inviting Trump to a state visit with Queen Elizabeth II.[160][161][162] In January 2017, when it came to light that a Trident test had malfunctioned in June 2016, May refused to confirm whether she knew about the incident when she addressed parliament.[163][164][165]

May at the G20
G20
summit in Hamburg, 7–8 July 2017

In May's and Hammond's 2017 budget continued government policies of freezing benefits.[166] 2017 general election Main article: United Kingdom
United Kingdom
general election, 2017 See also: Second May ministry On 18 April, May announced that she would call a parliamentary vote to hold an early general election on 8 June, saying that it was the "only way to guarantee certainty and security for years ahead".[167] May had previously ruled out an early election on five occasions over nine months.[168] The election was the first snap election held under the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011
Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011
after MPs gave May the two-thirds super-majority required.[169] Unveiling the Conservative manifesto in Halifax on 18 May, May promised a "mainstream government that would deliver for mainstream Britain".[170] It proposed to balance the budget by 2025, raise spending on the NHS by £8bn per annum and on schools by £4bn per annum by 2022, remove the ban on new grammar schools, means-test the winter fuel allowance, replace the state pension "triple lock" with a "double lock" and require executive pay to be approved by a vote of shareholders.[170] It dropped the 2015 pledge to not raise income tax or national insurance contributions but maintained a commitment to freeze VAT.[170] New sovereign wealth funds for infrastructure, rules to prevent foreign takeovers of "critical national infrastructure" and institutes of technology were also proposed.[171] The manifesto was noted for its intervention in industry, lack of tax cuts and increased spending commitments on public services.[172] On Brexit
Brexit
it committed to leaving the single market and customs union while seeking a "deep and special partnership" and promised a vote in parliament on the final agreement.[173] The manifesto also proposed reforms to social care in England that would raise the threshold for free care from £23,250 to £100,000 while including property in the means test and permitting deferred payment after death.[170] After attracting substantial media attention, four days after the manifesto launch May stated that the proposed social care reforms would now include an "absolute limit" on costs in contrast to the rejection of a cap in the manifesto.[174] She criticised the "fake" portrayal of the policy in recent days by Labour and other critics who had termed it a "dementia tax".[174] Evening Standard editor George Osborne
George Osborne
called the policy change a "U-turn".[175] The Financial Times
Financial Times
contrasted her "Strong and Stable" leadership slogan with her own record of nine rapid U-turns claiming she was "making a habit of retreating from policies."[176] The general election in June resulted in a hung parliament, prompting her to broker a deal with Northern Ireland's Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), involving £1 billion of additional public funding for Northern Ireland.[177][178] Second term In November 2017, May said the actions of Myanmar Army
Myanmar Army
and police against the Rohingya Muslim minority in Myanmar
Myanmar
“looks like ethnic cleansing”.[179] According to May, "it is something for which the Burmese authorities – and especially the military – must take full responsibility."[179] From the 2017 general election to December 2017, May suffered no defeats in whipped votes in the House of Commons.[180] On 13 December 2017, May lost a vote on the EU Withdrawal Bill
EU Withdrawal Bill
by 309 votes to 305, due to 11 Conservatives voting against the government, including Stephen Hammond
Stephen Hammond
who was then Vice-Chairman of the Conservative Party.[181][182][183] May accused Russia
Russia
of "threatening the international order", "seeking to weaponise information" and "deploying its state-run media organisations to plant fake stories".[184] She mentioned Russia's meddling in German federal election in 2017,[184] after German government officials and security experts said there was no Russian interference.[185] May promised to confront China
China
on human rights but was praised in Communist Party-controlled media for 'sidestepping' human rights in China
China
during her first official visit to the country.[186] The Global Times said: "For the Prime Minister, the losses outweigh the gains if she appeases the British media at the cost of the visit’s friendly atmosphere."[186] Public opinion Main article: Opinion polling for the next United Kingdom
United Kingdom
general election § Preferred Prime Minister polling May had a high approval rating during her first week as Prime Minister. The results of an Ipsos MORI survey released in July 2016 indicated that 55% of those surveyed believed that May was a suitable PM while only 23% believed that the Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn
Jeremy Corbyn
would make a good Prime Minister.[187] A ComRes
ComRes
poll taken in September 2016 after her election suggested May was seen as substantially more "in touch with ordinary British people" than her predecessor David Cameron
David Cameron
and a majority of voters saw her as "the right person to unite the country".[188] At the beginning of 2017, nearly six months after becoming Prime Minister, a ComRes
ComRes
found May was the most popular UK politician with a net rating of +9 which was described as the longest honeymoon period enjoyed by any sitting Conservative Prime Minister since the end of the Second World War.[189][190] The Conservative Party had a 21-point lead over Labour in a poll released the day before May announced a snap election[191] but this lead narrowed substantially.[192] In mid-June, following the election, a YouGov poll showed that May's popularity had dropped to a rating of −34.[193] Political positions

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May has identified herself with the One Nation Conservative position within her party.[194] Since coming into prominence as a front-bench politician, May's public image has divided media opinion, especially from some in the traditionalist right-wing press.[195] Commenting on May's debut as Home Secretary, Anne Perkins of The Guardian
The Guardian
observed that "she'll be nobody's stooge",[196] while Cristina Odone of The Daily Telegraph predicted her to be "the rising star" of the Coalition Government.[197] Allegra Stratton, then with The Guardian, praised May as showing managerial acumen.[198] Describing her as a liberal Conservative, the Financial Times characterised May as a "non-ideological politician with a ruthless streak who gets on with the job", in doing so comparing her to German Chancellor Angela Merkel.[199] Conversely, in The Independent, Rebecca Glover of the Policy Innovation Research Unit contrasted May to Boris Johnson, claiming that she was "staunchly more conservative, more anti-immigration, and more isolationist" than he.[200] During her leadership campaign, May said that "We need an economy that works for everyone", pledging to crack down on executive pay by making shareholders' votes binding rather than advisory and to put workers onto company boards[201] (although she later claimed that the last pledge was not to be mandatory[202]), policies that The Guardian describes as going further than the Labour Party's 2015 general election manifesto.[203] After she became Prime Minister, May's first speech espoused the left, with a promise to combat the "burning injustice" in British society and to create a union "between all of our citizens" and promising to be an advocate for the "ordinary working-class family" and not for the affluent in the UK. "The government I lead will be driven not by the interests of the privileged few but by yours. We will do everything we can to give you more control over your lives ... When we take the big calls, we’ll think not of the powerful, but you. When we pass new laws we’ll listen not to the mighty, but to you. When it comes to taxes we’ll prioritise not the wealthy but you."[204] May has described herself as a personal supporter of fox hunting with hounds, saying that foxes' numbers had to be controlled and that hunting them with dogs was the most humane way to do it. The Conservative manifesto for the 2017 election included a pledge to hold a parliamentary vote to repeal the Hunting Act 2004, which prohibits a range of hunting activities.[205] After the Conservatives' manifesto for the 2017 election was released, some people, including Fraser Nelson
Fraser Nelson
of The Spectator,[206] called her a "red Tory", saying that she had moved her party to the left in politics. Politico
Politico
called her policies "Mayism", saying that Mayism was "a working-class conservatism openly critical of the “cult of individualism” and globalization".[207][208] Same-sex relationships In 1998 May voted against lowering the age of consent for homosexual acts,[209] and was absent for the vote on the repeal of Section 28
Section 28
in 2003.[210] In May 2012, however, May expressed support for the introduction of same-sex marriage by recording a video for the Out4Marriage
Out4Marriage
campaign,[211] in which she stated "I believe if two people care for each other, if they love each other, if they want to commit to each other... then they should be able to get married and marriage should be for everyone".[212] On 21 May 2013, May voted in favour of the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill, which legalised same-sex marriage in England and Wales.[213] Brexit

As Prime Minister, May visited Edinburgh
Edinburgh
to meet Nicola Sturgeon

May publicly stated her support for the UK remaining in the EU during the 2016 referendum campaign, but did not campaign extensively in the referendum and criticised aspects of the EU in a speech.[214][215] It was speculated by political journalists that May had sought to minimise her involvement in the debate to strengthen her position as a future candidate for the Conservative party leadership.[216] Some in David Cameron's ministry likened May to a "submarine" on the issue of Brexit
Brexit
due to her perceived indifference towards the referendum and the EU.[217] In a leaked recording prior to the Brexit
Brexit
referendum, May said,

I think the economic arguments are clear. I think being part of a 500-million trading bloc is significant for us. I think, as I was saying to you a little earlier, that one of the issues is that a lot of people will invest here in the UK because it is the UK in Europe. If we were not in Europe, I think there would be firms and companies who would be looking to say, do they need to develop a mainland Europe presence rather than a UK presence? So I think there are definite benefits for us in economic terms.[218]

May also said Britain was more secure as part of the EU due to the European arrest warrant and Europe-wide information sharing among other factors. She said, "There are definitely things we can do as members of the European Union
European Union
that I think keep us more safe".[218]

Manchester protests ahead of Conservative Party Conference in October 2017

May's public reticence during the referendum campaign resulted in tensions with David Cameron
David Cameron
and his pro-EU team.[219][220] Following the referendum and her election as party leader, May signalled that she would support full withdrawal from the EU and prioritise immigration controls over remaining within the single market, leading some to contrast this with her earlier remarks on the earlier economic arguments.[220] She later went on to say before the 2017 UK general election that she would be willing to leave the EU without a deal, saying that "no deal is better than a bad deal. We have to be prepared to walk out".[221][222] The Lib Dem leader, Tim Farron, said it was "disappointing that Theresa May
Theresa May
lacked the political courage to warn the public as she did a bunch of bankers in private about the devastating economic effects of Brexit. More disappointing is that now she is supposedly in charge, she is blithely ignoring her own warnings and is prepared to inflict an act of monumental self-harm on the UK economy by pulling Britain out of the single market." Phil Wilson for the Open Britain
Open Britain
group said, "It's good to know that privately Theresa May thinks what many of us have been saying publicly for a long time, leaving the single market would be bad for businesses and for our economy. Now she is prime minister, Theresa May
Theresa May
is in an unrivalled position to act on her previous concerns, starting by putting membership of the single market at the heart of her government's negotiating position."[218] On 22 September 2017, May officially made public the details of her Brexit
Brexit
proposal during a speech in Florence,[223] urging the European Union to maintain a transitional period of two years after Brexit during which trade terms remain unaltered.[224] During this period, the UK would also continue to honor its budget commitments of about €10 billion per annum, and accept immigration from Europe.[225] Her speech was harshly criticised by leading Eurosceptic Nigel Farage.[226] The European Union's Brexit
Brexit
negotiator Michel Barnier welcomed May's proposal as "constructive,"[227] but that it also "must be translated into negotiating positions to make meaningful progress."[227]

Personal life

May outside 10 Downing Street
10 Downing Street
on 9 June 2017, with her husband

May has been married to Philip May, an investment banker currently employed by Capital International, since 6 September 1980; the couple have no children.[228] It is widely believed that former Prime Minister of Pakistan
Pakistan
Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto
introduced the two during their time at Oxford.[229] May has expressed regret that she and her husband were not able to have children.[230] The Mays are passionate hikers, and they regularly spend their holidays hiking in the Swiss Alps.[231] May is also a cricket fan, claiming Geoffrey Boycott
Geoffrey Boycott
was one of her sporting heroes.[232] She also likes cooking, and has said that she owns 100 cookery books. Philip has said that she "is a very good cook".[233][234] May is a member of the Church of England
Church of England
and regularly worships at church on Sunday.[235][236][237] The daughter of an Anglican priest, the Reverend Hubert Brasier, May has said that her Christian faith "is part of me. It is part of who I am and therefore how I approach things".[238] May is known for a love of fashion, and in particular of distinctive shoes; she wore leopard-print shoes at her 'Nasty Party' speech in 2002, as well as her final Cabinet meeting as Home Secretary
Home Secretary
in 2016. On Desert Island Discs
Desert Island Discs
in 2014 she chose a subscription to Vogue as her luxury item.[239] However, she has been critical of the media focusing on her fashion instead of her achievements as a politician.[240] May was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus of type 1 in November 2012. She is treated with daily insulin injections.[241] Activism and awards Prior to and since her appointment to Government, May has actively supported a variety of campaigns on policy issues in her constituency and at the national level of politics. She has spoken at the Fawcett Society promoting the cross-party issue of gender equality. May was nominated as one of the Society's Inspiring Women of 2006.[242] She is the Patron of Reading University
Reading University
Conservative Association, the largest political student group in Berkshire (the county of her Maidenhead constituency).[243] In February 2013, BBC Radio 4's Woman's Hour
Woman's Hour
already described her as Britain's second-most powerful woman after Queen Elizabeth II.[244] In April 2017, Theresa May
Theresa May
was appointed to the Order of King Abdulaziz. That September she was listed by Forbes
Forbes
as the second most powerful woman in the world, behind Angela Merkel.[245] See also

List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom List of current heads of government in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and dependencies

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timeline". BBC News. Archived from the original on 18 July 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2016.  ^ Halliday, Josh (24 September 2014). " Abu Qatada
Abu Qatada
will not be allowed back in UK, says Theresa May". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 17 July 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2016.  ^ Rentoul, John (1 July 2016). "Boring and competent Theresa May
Theresa May
is what the nation needs after the shock of the Brexit
Brexit
vote". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 1 July 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2016.  ^ Agerholm, Harriet (18 July 2016). "Theresa May: The new Prime Minister's five most controversial moments". The Independent. Archived from the original on 31 January 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.  ^ Swinford, Steven (9 August 2013). "Race-hate inquiry into Home Office 'go home' billboards". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 24 September 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.  ^ " Theresa May
Theresa May
says 'go home' will not be rolled out across UK". BBC News. 22 October 2013. Archived from the original on 5 April 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.  ^ Saul, Heather (9 October 2013). "Home Office anti-immigration 'go home' vans banned by advertising watchdog". The Independent. Archived from the original on 3 February 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017.  ^ "Up to 30,000 passports hit by delays, says David Cameron". BBC News. 11 June 2014. Archived from the original on 11 July 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.  ^ Mason, Rowena; et al. (11 June 2014). "Cameron accuses Miliband of scaring holidaymakers over passports backlog". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.  ^ Warrell, Helen (12 June 2014). "May ignored passport office warnings, says Labour Party". Financial Times. London. Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2014.  ^ Syal, Rajeev (5 September 2014). "Passport Office staff given up to £674,000 in bonuses amid delays". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 5 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014.  ^ Brogan, Benedict (4 June 2014). " Theresa May
Theresa May
is angry. Really angry". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.  ^ Young, Toby (4 June 2014). "Five things you need to know about Theresa May's row with Michael Gove". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.  ^ "Home Office Quietly Deletes Letter To Michael Gove
Michael Gove
on Islamic Extremism (But It's Still on Google)". BuzzFeed. 6 June 2014. Archived from the original on 9 June 2014. Retrieved 19 June 2014.  ^ " Michael Gove
Michael Gove
apologises over 'Trojan Horse' row with Theresa May". BBC News. 8 June 2014. Archived from the original on 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.  ^ Helm, Toby; Boffey, Daniel; Mansell, Warwick (7 June 2014). "Furious Cameron slaps down Gove and May over 'Islamic extremism' row". The Observer. London. Archived from the original on 7 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014.  ^ Maria Miller
Maria Miller
becomes culture secretary Archived 3 March 2017 at the Wayback Machine., The Guardian, 4 September 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2012. ^ "Analysis: How pro-gay is the new home secretary and minister for equality Theresa May?". Pink News. 12 May 2010. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010.  ^ " Theresa May
Theresa May
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Theresa May
says sportsmen and newspaper editors must 'take action' against homophobia". Pink News. 18 June 2010. Archived from the original on 25 June 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2010.  ^ "Labour to stick with Labour's Equality Act". BBC News. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2010.  ^ "New equality rights in workplace come into force". BBC News. 1 October 2010. Archived from the original on 1 October 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2010.  ^ Hope, Christopher (17 November 2010). " Theresa May
Theresa May
axes Harman's Law". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 20 November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.  ^ Kirkup, James (9 September 2009). "Middle classes to lose out under Harman's equality plan". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 12 September 2009. Retrieved 18 November 2010.  ^ " Theresa May
Theresa May
shelves 'equality duty' on councils". BBC News. 17 November 2010. Archived from the original on 18 November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.  ^ Carr, Harry (30 June 2016). " Theresa May
Theresa May
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Theresa May
surges as Gove struggles". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 1 July 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2016.  ^ "Tory leadership: Theresa May
Theresa May
tops first vote but Liam Fox
Liam Fox
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Theresa May
v Andrea Leadsom
Andrea Leadsom
to be next prime minister". BBC News. 8 July 2016. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 8 July 2016.  ^ Cowburn, Ashley (7 July 2016). "Tory leadership election". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2016.  ^ "May to take over as UK PM by Wednesday". Financial Times. 11 July 2016. Archived from the original on 12 July 2016.  ^ " Theresa May
Theresa May
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Theresa May
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Theresa May
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Theresa May
appoints Justine Greening and Liz Truss after mass cull of old government sees Michael Gove and Nicky Morgan
Nicky Morgan
axed". The Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.  ^ Stewart, Heather (13 July 2016). " Theresa May
Theresa May
appeals to centre ground but cabinet tilts to the right". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 July 2016.  ^ Peston, Robert (14 July 2016). "May appoints right wing cabinet for left wing agenda". ITV News. Archived from the original on 15 July 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.  ^ James, William; MacLellan, Kylie (15 July 2016). "May Builds New-Look Brexit
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Theresa May
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Theresa May
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Jeremy Corbyn
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Brexit
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Theresa May
claims selling arms to Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
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Theresa May
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Theresa May
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Donald Trump
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Theresa May
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Theresa May
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Theresa May
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Brexit
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Theresa May
warns Russia
Russia
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Germany
sees no sign of cyber attack before Sept. 24 election". Reuters. 19 September 2017. ^ a b " China
China
applauds ‘Auntie’ Theresa May
Theresa May
for sidestepping human rights issue". The Week. 2 February 2018. ^ "Two in three say Labour should change leader before next General Election". Ipsos MORI. 14 July 2016. Archived from the original on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2016.  ^ " Theresa May
Theresa May
hugely popular among voters, who see her as in touch with 'ordinary people', poll finds". The Independent. 24 September 2016. Archived from the original on 18 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.  ^ " Theresa May
Theresa May
'more popular than David Beckham'". The Independent. 11 February 2017. Archived from the original on 18 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.  ^ "Theresa May's 'honeymoon' is a record for a modern Conservative prime minister, pollsters say". The Independent. 13 January 2017. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.  ^ "May's Conservatives take 21-point lead ahead of UK snap election – ICM poll". Reuters
Reuters
UK. Archived from the original on 18 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.  ^ Tory nerves fray as Jeremy Corbyn
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narrows Theresa May’s lead in new poll Archived 28 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine. The Guardian ^ " Theresa May
Theresa May
is now almost as unpopular as pre-campaign Jeremy Corbyn, finds YouGov poll". The Independent. 16 June 2017. Archived from the original on 15 June 2017. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ Quinn, Ben (30 June 2016). " Theresa May
Theresa May
sets out 'one-nation Conservative' pitch for leadership". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 30 September 2016.  ^ Heffer, Simon (20 September 2003). "To all intents and purposes, Theresa May
Theresa May
may as well not exist". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 19 July 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2010.  ^ Perkins, Anne (12 May 2010). " Theresa May
Theresa May
will be nobody's stooge". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2010.  ^ Odone, Cristina (21 May 2010). " Theresa May
Theresa May
will be the star of the coalition government". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 27 October 2010.  ^ "May days". Ethos. September 2011. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2014.  ^ Parker, George; Warrell, Helen (25 July 2014). "Theresa May: Britain's Angela Merkel?". Financial Times. London. Archived from the original on 3 July 2016.  ^ Glover, Rebecca (1 July 2016). "Don't be misled by Theresa May
Theresa May
– she's no progressive Conservative". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 16 March 2017.  ^ Coates, Sam (11 July 2016). "May vows to crack down on greed of big business". The Times. London. Retrieved 11 July 2016. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ Asthana, Anushka; Walker, Peter (21 November 2016). "Theresa May: I won't force companies to appoint workers to their boards". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 10 June 2017.  ^ "Theresa May's economy speech – Analysis". The Guardian. 11 July 2016. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.  ^ Stewart, Heather (14 July 2016). " Theresa May
Theresa May
appeals to centre ground but cabinet tilts to the right". The Guardian. London, UK. Archived from the original on 13 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.  ^ " Theresa May
Theresa May
says she supports fox hunting because other ways of killing foxes are 'cruel'". independent.co.uk. 16 May 2017. Archived from the original on 8 October 2017.  ^ Nelson, Fraser (20 May 2017). "Red Theresa's manifesto". The Spectator. Retrieved 30 May 2017.  ^ Wright, Ben (17 May 2017). "General Election 2017: Is Theresa May
Theresa May
a 'Red Tory'?". BBC News. Archived from the original on 1 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2017.  ^ Cooper, Charlie; McTague, Tom (18 May 2017). "Theresa May's 'Red Tory' plan for Brexit
Brexit
Britain". Politico.eu. Archived from the original on 18 May 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2017.  ^ "Crime and Disorder Bill 35 – Reduction of Age of Consent for Homosexual Acts to 16". They Work For You. Archived from the original on 3 September 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2017.  ^ "Theresa May". They Work For You. Archived from the original on 24 June 2017. Retrieved 11 June 2017.  ^ " Home Secretary
Home Secretary
Theresa May
Theresa May
comes @Out4Marriage". Pink News. 24 May 2012. Archived from the original on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012.  ^ Mulholland, Hélène (24 May 2012). " Theresa May
Theresa May
records video in support of gay marriage". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 17 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.  ^ "Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill – Third Reading: Recent Votes – TheyWorkForYou". TheyWorkForYou. Archived from the original on 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.  ^ Bennett, Asa (25 April 2016). " Theresa May
Theresa May
wants you to stay in the EU. Has she blown her chances of ever being Tory leader?". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 9 July 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.  ^ McTague, Tom (3 June 2016). "Theresa May, the anti-Boris who just might be Britain's next PM". Politico.eu. Archived from the original on 4 June 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.  ^ Bennett, Asa (16 June 2016). "Theresa May's silence speaks volumes about her leadership ambitions". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.  ^ Dominiczak, Peter (24 September 2016). " Theresa May
Theresa May
accused of leaving David Cameron
David Cameron
to fight alone during the EU Referendum, according to former No 10 director". The Telegraph.  Missing or empty url= (help) ^ a b c Exclusive: what Theresa May
Theresa May
really thinks about Brexit
Brexit
shown in leaked recording Archived 26 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The Guardian ^ Leaked recordings reveal Theresa May's pro-EU stance ahead of Brexit vote Archived 1 October 2017 at the Wayback Machine. The Independent ^ a b (http://www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle (26 October 2016). "UK PM May outlined Brexit
Brexit
fears pre-referendum". Archived from the original on 26 October 2016.  ^ " Theresa May
Theresa May
prête à un Brexit
Brexit
sans accord" [ Theresa May
Theresa May
ready for Brexit
Brexit
without a deal]. Le Figaro (in French). 29 May 2017. Archived from the original on 29 May 2017. Retrieved 29 May 2017. La Première ministre britannique Theresa May
Theresa May
a répété lundi qu'elle était prête à quitter la table des négociations sur le Brexit
Brexit
sans avoir obtenu d'accord avec l'Union européenne si les conditions ne sont pas satisfaisantes pour la Grande-Bretagne.  ^ "May says prepared to leave EU without a Brexit
Brexit
deal". Reuters
Reuters
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Theresa May
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External links

Library resources about Theresa May

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By Theresa May

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Constituency website of Theresa May
Theresa May
MP Theresa May
Theresa May
at Encyclopædia Britannica Profile at the Conservative Party website

Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
Hansard
2010–present Contributions in Parliament during 2006–07 2007–08 2008–09 2009–10 at Hansard
Hansard
Archives Contributions in Parliament at Hansard
Hansard
1803–2005 Voting record at Public Whip Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record Articles authored at Journalisted Appearances on C-SPAN May talks to Women2Win (July 2011)

v t e

Theresa May

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
(2016–present) Leader
Leader
of the Conservative Party (2016–present) Home Secretary
Home Secretary
(2010–2016) MP for Maidenhead (1997–present)

Home Secretary

National Crime Agency Draft Communications Data Bill Investigatory Powers Bill Policing and Crime Bill 2016

Premiership

First ministry Second ministry Brexit

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
invocation of Article 50

International trips 2018 British cabinet reshuffle

Politics

Electoral history Conservative Party One-nation conservatism

Elections

2016 (party leadership) 2017 (local) 2017 (general)

Family

Philip May
Philip May
(husband)

Category

Offices and distinctions

Parliament of the United Kingdom

New constituency Member of Parliament for Maidenhead 1997–present Incumbent

Political offices

Preceded by David Willetts Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Employment 1999–2001 Succeeded by Damian Green as Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Skills

Succeeded by David Willetts as Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

Preceded by Gillian Shephard Shadow Minister for Women 1999–2001 Succeeded by Caroline Spelman

Preceded by Archie Norman as Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Transport and the Regions Shadow Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions 2001–2002 Succeeded by Herself as Shadow Secretary of State for Transport

Succeeded by Eric Pickles as Shadow Secretary of State for Local Government and the Regions

Preceded by Herself as Shadow Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions Shadow Secretary of State for Transport 2002 Succeeded by Tim Collins

Preceded by David Lidington as Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Shadow Secretary of State for Environment and Transport 2003–2004 Succeeded by Tim Yeo

Preceded by Tim Collins as Shadow Secretary of State for Transport

New office Shadow Secretary of State for the Family 2004–2005 Position abolished

Preceded by John Whittingdale Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport 2005 Succeeded by Hugo Swire

Preceded by Chris Grayling Shadow Leader
Leader
of the House of Commons 2005–2009 Succeeded by Alan Duncan

Preceded by Eleanor Laing Shadow Minister for Women and Equality 2007–2010 Succeeded by Yvette Cooper

Preceded by Chris Grayling Shadow Secretary of State for Work and Pensions 2009–2010

Preceded by Harriet Harman as Minister for Women and Equality Minister for Women and Equalities 2010–2012 Succeeded by Maria Miller

Preceded by Alan Johnson Home Secretary 2010–2016 Succeeded by Amber Rudd

Preceded by David Cameron Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 2016–present Incumbent

Minister for the Civil Service 2016–present

First Lord of the Treasury 2016–present

Party political offices

Preceded by David Davis Chair of the Conservative Party 2002–2003 Succeeded by Liam Fox

Succeeded by The Lord Saatchi

Preceded by David Cameron Leader
Leader
of the Conservative Party 2016–present Incumbent

Order of precedence in England and Wales

Preceded by The Dowager Countess of Harewood Ladies as Prime Minister Succeeded by Andrea Leadsom as Lord President of the Council

Articles related to Theresa May

v t e

Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom

Kingdom of Great Britain

Orford (Walpole) Wilmington Pelham Newcastle Devonshire Newcastle Bute G. Grenville Rockingham Chatham (Pitt the Elder) Grafton North Rockingham Shelburne Portland Pitt the Younger

United Kingdom

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Book Category Commons

v t e

Great Offices of State
Great Offices of State
of the United Kingdom

Prime Minister Theresa May

Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond

Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson

Home Secretary Amber Rudd

v t e

Heads of governments of the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Government (Central)

Minority

Conservative

Prime Minister

Theresa May
Theresa May
(Conservative)

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Executive (Devolved)

Power-sharing

Home rule

First Minister

Vacant (since 9 January 2017)

deputy First Minister

Vacant (since 9 January 2017)

Scottish Government (Devolved)

Minority

Scottish National Party

First Minister

Nicola Sturgeon
Nicola Sturgeon
(SNP)

Welsh Government (Devolved)

Majority Coalition

Labour/Liberal Democrats/Independent

First Minister

Carwyn Jones
Carwyn Jones
(Labour)

Heads of governments of British Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies

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Leaders of political parties in the United Kingdom

House of Commons

Theresa May
Theresa May
(Conservatives) Jeremy Corbyn
Jeremy Corbyn
(Labour) Ian Blackford
Ian Blackford
(SNP) Sir Vince Cable
Vince Cable
(Liberal Democrats) Nigel Dodds
Nigel Dodds
(DUP) Liz Saville Roberts
Liz Saville Roberts
(Plaid Cymru) Caroline Lucas
Caroline Lucas
(Green)

Scottish Parliament

Nicola Sturgeon
Nicola Sturgeon
(SNP) Ruth Davidson
Ruth Davidson
(Scottish Conservatives) Richard Leonard (Scottish Labour) Willie Rennie
Willie Rennie
(Scottish Liberal Democrats) Patrick Harvie
Patrick Harvie
and Maggie Chapman
Maggie Chapman
(Scottish Green)

National Assembly for Wales

Carwyn Jones
Carwyn Jones
(Welsh Labour) Andrew R. T. Davies
Andrew R. T. Davies
(Welsh Conservatives) Leanne Wood
Leanne Wood
(Plaid Cymru) Neil Hamilton (UK Independence Party) Kirsty Williams
Kirsty Williams
(Welsh Liberal Democrats)

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly

Arlene Foster
Arlene Foster
(DUP) Michelle O'Neill
Michelle O'Neill
(Sinn Féin) Robin Swann
Robin Swann
(UUP) Colum Eastwood
Colum Eastwood
(SDLP) Naomi Long
Naomi Long
(Alliance) Steven Agnew (Green NI) Gerry Carroll
Gerry Carroll
(PBPA) Jim Allister
Jim Allister
(TUV)

Minor parties

Gerard Batten
Gerard Batten
(UK Independence Party) Robin Tilbrook (English Democrats) Steve Radford
Steve Radford
(Liberal) Dick Cole (Mebyon Kernow) Alex Ashman (National Health Action) Howling Laud Hope
Howling Laud Hope
(Official Monster Raving Loony Party) Billy Hutchinson (Progressive Unionist Party) Arthur Scargill
Arthur Scargill
(Socialist Labour) Dave Nellist (TUSC)

Portal:Politics List of political parties in the United Kingdom Politics of the United Kingdom

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Conservative Party

History

Organisations

Conservative Party Archive

Topics

History of the Conservative Party History of conservatism in Great Britain Tories Tamworth Manifesto Carlton Club Primrose League Tariff Reform League Carlton Club
Carlton Club
meeting General election manifestos Fourth Party Liberal Unionist Party Irish Conservative Party Irish Unionist Party Scottish Unionist Party National Liberal Party

Leadership

House of Lords (1828–1922)

Wellington Derby Malmesbury Cairns Richmond Beaconsfield Salisbury Devonshire Lansdowne Curzon

House of Commons (1834–1922)

Peel Bentinck Granby vacant (1848–1849) Disraeli / Granby / Herries Disraeli Northcote Hicks Beach R. Churchill Smith Balfour Law A. Chamberlain

Leaders (1922–)

Law Baldwin N. Chamberlain W. Churchill Eden Macmillan Douglas-Home Heath Thatcher Major Hague Duncan Smith Howard Cameron May

Chairmen (1911–)

Steel-Maitland Younger Jackson Davidson N. Chamberlain Baird Hacking Dugdale Assheton Woolton Poole Hailsham Butler Macleod / Poole Blakenham du Cann Barber Thomas Carrington Whitelaw Thorneycroft Parkinson Gummer Tebbit Brooke Baker Patten Fowler Hanley Mawhinney Parkinson Ancram Davis May Fox / Saatchi Maude Spelman Pickles Warsi / Feldman Shapps / Feldman Feldman McLoughlin Lewis

See also

Deputy Leader
Leader
of the Conservative Party

Leadership elections

1965

Heath

1975

Thatcher

1989

Thatcher re-elected

1990

Major

1995

Major re-elected

1997

Hague

2001

Duncan Smith

2003

Howard

2005

Cameron

2016

May

Next

Party structure

Professional

Conservative Party Board

Conservative Campaign Headquarters

Voluntary

National Conservative Convention

Parliamentary

1922 Committee

Conservative Chief Whip's Office

Conference

Conservative Party Conference

Subnational

Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Conservatives Scottish Conservatives Welsh Conservative Party Gibraltar Conservatives

Directly elected city mayoral authorities

London Conservatives

Local

Conservative Associations

Associated organisations

List

Organisations associated with the Conservative Party

Sectional groups

Conservative Women's Organisation Young Conservatives Conservatives Abroad LGBT+ Conservatives Association of Conservative Clubs

Factional groups

Activate The Atlantic Bridge Conservative Animal Welfare
Welfare
Group Conservative Christian Fellowship Conservative Countryside Forum Conservative Disability
Disability
Group Conservative Europe Group Conservative Friends of America Conservative Friends of Gibraltar Conservative Friends of Israel Conservative Friends of Turkey Conservative History Group Conservative Humanist Association Conservative Mainstream Conservative Health Conservative Muslim Forum Conservative Education Society Conservative National Property Advisory Committee Conservative Rural Affairs Group Conservative Technology Forum Conservative Trade Unionists Conservative Transport Group Conservative Way Forward Conservative Women National Committee Conservative Workers & Trade Unionists Conservatives 4 Cities Conservatives Against Fox Hunting Conservatives at Work Conservatives for International Travel Cornerstone Group Countryside Alliance European Foundation Fresh Start Macleod Group Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher
Foundation Monday Club 92 Group No Campaign No Turning Back Selsdon Group Tory Green Initiative Tory Reform Group Renewing One Nation Young Britons' Foundation

Think tanks

Bow Group Bright Blue Bruges Group Centre for Policy Studies Centre for Social Justice European Foundation Policy Exchange Society of Conservative Lawyers

Party alliances

Current

List of current alliances Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe
Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe
(European Conservatives and Reformists) International Democrat Union
International Democrat Union
(European Democrat Union) European Conservatives Group Conservative–DUP agreement

Former

List of former alliances European People's Party
European People's Party
( European People's Party
European People's Party
group) European Conservative Group European Democrats Movement for European Reform Alliance for an Open Europe Ulster Conservatives and Unionists
Ulster Conservatives and Unionists
(Ulster Unionist Party)

Conservatism
Conservatism
portal

v t e

European Council

List of meetings

'98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 (Jan–Apr) '04 (May–Dec) '05 '06 '07 '08 '09 '10 '11 '12 '13 (Jan–Jun) '13 (Jul–Dec) '14 '15

Tusk (President of the European Council) Juncker (President of the European Commission)

Kurz Michel Borisov Plenković Anastasiades Babiš Løkke Rasmussen Ratas Sipilä Macron Merkel Tsipras Orbán Varadkar Gentiloni Kučinskis Grybauskaitė Bettel Muscat Rutte Morawiecki Costa Iohannis Pellegrini Cerar Rajoy Löfven May

European Union
European Union
Portal

v t e

Current leaders of NATO
NATO
member states

Secretary General Stoltenberg

  Rama   Michel   Borisov   Trudeau   Plenković   Babiš   Løkke Rasmussen   Ratas   Macron   Merkel   Tsipras   Orbán   Katrín   Gentiloni   Kučinskis   Grybauskaitė   Bettel   Marković   Rutte   Solberg   Morawiecki   Costa   Iohannis   Pellegrini   Cerar   Rajoy   Yıldırım   May   Trump

v t e

Current leaders of the Group of 8

Trudeau Macron Merkel Gentiloni Abe Putin (suspended) May Trump Tusk / Juncker

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Current leaders of the Group of 20

 Macri  Turnbull  Temer  Trudeau  Xi  Tusk / Juncker  Macron  Merkel  Modi  Jokowi  Gentiloni  Abe  Peña Nieto  Putin  Salman  Ramaphosa  Moon  Erdoğan  May  Trump

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Commonwealth Heads of Government

Head: Elizabeth II Secretary-General: Patricia Scotland Chair-in-Office: Joseph Muscat

Browne Turnbull Minnis Hasina Stuart Barrow Khama Bolkiah Biya Trudeau Anastasiades Skerrit Bainimarama Akufo-Addo Mitchell Granger Modi Holness Kenyatta Mamau Thabane Mutharika Najib Muscat Jugnauth Nyusi Geingob Waqa Ardern Buhari Abbasi O'Neill Kagame Harris Chastanet Gonsalves Malielegaoi Faure Koroma Lee Houenipwela Ramaphosa Sirisena Dlamini Magufuli Pōhiva Rowley Sopoaga Museveni May Salwai Lungu

v t e

Ministers of Her Majesty's Treasury

Cabinet ministers

Theresa May
Theresa May
( First Lord of the Treasury
First Lord of the Treasury
and Prime Minister) Philip Hammond
Philip Hammond
(Second Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer) Elizabeth Truss* (Chief Secretary to the Treasury)

Junior ministers

Mel Stride
Mel Stride
( Financial Secretary to the Treasury
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
and Paymaster General) Stephen Barclay
Stephen Barclay
(Economic Secretary to the Treasury) Andrew Jones (Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury) Offices not in use: City Minister
City Minister
• Commercial Secretary to the Treasury

* also attending Cabinet

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Home Secretaries of the United Kingdom

Secretary of State for the Home Department

Shelburne Townshend North Temple Sydney Grenville Dundas Portland Pelham Yorke Hawkesbury Spencer Liverpool Ryder Sidmouth Peel Sturges Bourne Lansdowne Peel Melbourne Duncannon Wellington Goulburn Russell Normanby Graham Grey Walpole Palmerston Grey Walpole Sotheron-Estcourt Lewis Grey Walpole Hardy Bruce Lowe Cross Harcourt Cross Childers Matthews Asquith Ridley Ritchie Akers-Douglas Gladstone Churchill McKenna Simon Samuel Cave Shortt Bridgeman Henderson Joynson-Hicks Clynes Samuel Gilmour Simon Hoare Anderson Morrison Somervell Chuter Ede Maxwell-Fyfe Lloyd George Butler Brooke Soskice Jenkins Callaghan Maudling Carr Jenkins Rees Whitelaw Brittan Hurd Waddington Baker K. Clarke Howard Straw Blunkett C. Clarke Reid Smith Johnson May Rudd

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Ministers for Women and Equality

Minister for Women 1997–2007

Harriet Harman Baroness Jay Patricia Hewitt Tessa Jowell Ruth Kelly

Minister for Women and Equality 2007–2010

Harriet Harman

Minister for Women and Equalities 2010–2014, 2014-

Theresa May Maria Miller Nicky Morgan Justine Greening

Minister for Women 2014

Nicky Morgan

Minister for Equalities 2014

Sajid Javid

v t e

Cabinet of David Cameron
David Cameron
(2010–2016)

Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and Secretaries of State

Prime Minister First Lord of the Treasury Minister for the Civil Service

David Cameron
David Cameron
(2010–2016)

Deputy Prime Minister

Nick Clegg
Nick Clegg
(2010–2015)

Chancellor of the Exchequer Second Lord of the Treasury

George Osborne
George Osborne
(2010–2016)

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

William Hague
William Hague
(2010–2014) Philip Hammond
Philip Hammond
(2014–2016)

Secretary of State for the Home Department

Theresa May
Theresa May
(2010–2016)

Secretary of State for Justice Lord Chancellor

Kenneth Clarke
Kenneth Clarke
(2010–2012) Chris Grayling (2012–2015) Michael Gove
Michael Gove
(2015–2016)

Secretary of State for Defence

Liam Fox
Liam Fox
(2010–2011) Philip Hammond
Philip Hammond
(2011–2014) Michael Fallon
Michael Fallon
(2014–2016)

Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills

Vince Cable
Vince Cable
(2010–2015) Sajid Javid
Sajid Javid
(2015–2016)

Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

Iain Duncan Smith
Iain Duncan Smith
(2010–2016) Stephen Crabb
Stephen Crabb
(2016)

Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change

Chris Huhne
Chris Huhne
(2010–2012) Ed Davey
Ed Davey
(2012–2015) Amber Rudd
Amber Rudd
(2015–2016)

Secretary of State for Health

Andrew Lansley
Andrew Lansley
(2010–2012) Jeremy Hunt
Jeremy Hunt
(2012–2016)

Secretary of State for Education

Michael Gove
Michael Gove
(2010–2014) Nicky Morgan
Nicky Morgan
(2014–2016)

Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government

Eric Pickles
Eric Pickles
(2010–2015) Greg Clark
Greg Clark
(2015–2016)

Secretary of State for Transport

Philip Hammond
Philip Hammond
(2010–2011) Justine Greening
Justine Greening
(2011–2012) Patrick McLoughlin
Patrick McLoughlin
(2012–2016)

Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

Caroline Spelman
Caroline Spelman
(2010–2012) Owen Paterson
Owen Paterson
(2012–2014) Elizabeth Truss
Elizabeth Truss
(2014–2016)

Secretary of State for International Development

Andrew Mitchell
Andrew Mitchell
(2010–2012) Justine Greening
Justine Greening
(2012–2016)

Secretary of State for Northern Ireland

Owen Paterson
Owen Paterson
(2010–2012) Theresa Villiers
Theresa Villiers
(2012–2016)

Secretary of State for Scotland

Danny Alexander
Danny Alexander
(2010) Michael Moore (2010–2013) Alistair Carmichael
Alistair Carmichael
(2013–2015) David Mundell
David Mundell
(2015–2016)

Secretary of State for Wales

Cheryl Gillan
Cheryl Gillan
(2010–2012) David Jones (2012–2014) Stephen Crabb
Stephen Crabb
(2014–2016) Alun Cairns
Alun Cairns
(2016)

Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport

Jeremy Hunt
Jeremy Hunt
(2010–2012) Maria Miller
Maria Miller
(2012–2014) Sajid Javid
Sajid Javid
(2014–2015) John Whittingdale
John Whittingdale
(2015–2016)

Cabinet members not heading a ministry

Minister for the Cabinet Office Paymaster General

Francis Maude
Francis Maude
(2010–2015) Matt Hancock
Matt Hancock
(2015–2016)

Minister of State for Policy Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

Oliver Letwin
Oliver Letwin
(2010–2016)

Minister of State for Universities and Science

David Willetts
David Willetts
(2010–2014) Greg Clark
Greg Clark
(2014–2015) Jo Johnson
Jo Johnson
(2015–2016)

Leader
Leader
of the House of Commons

George Young (2010–2012) Andrew Lansley
Andrew Lansley
(2012–2014) William Hague
William Hague
(2014–2015) Chris Grayling (2015–2016)

Chief Whip in the House of Commons Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury

Patrick McLoughlin
Patrick McLoughlin
(2010–2012) Andrew Mitchell
Andrew Mitchell
(2012) George Young (2012–2014) Michael Gove
Michael Gove
(2014–2015) Mark Harper
Mark Harper
(2015–2016)

Leader
Leader
of the House of Lords

The Lord Strathclyde (2010–2013) The Lord Hill of Oareford (2013–2014) The Baroness Stowell of Beeston (2014–2016)

Chief Secretary to the Treasury

David Laws
David Laws
(2010) Danny Alexander
Danny Alexander
(2010–2015) Greg Hands
Greg Hands
(2015–2016)

Minister without Portfolio

The Baroness Warsi (2010–2012) Kenneth Clarke
Kenneth Clarke
(2012–2014) Grant Shapps
Grant Shapps
(2012–2015) Robert Halfon
Robert Halfon
(2015–2016)

Attorney General for England and Wales Advocate General for Northern Ireland

Dominic Grieve
Dominic Grieve
(2010–2014) Jeremy Wright
Jeremy Wright
(2014–2016)

Minister for Women and Equalities

Theresa May
Theresa May
(2010–2012) Maria Miller
Maria Miller
(2012–2014) Nicky Morgan
Nicky Morgan
(2014–2016)

Minister of State for Employment

Esther McVey
Esther McVey
(2014–2015) Priti Patel
Priti Patel
(2015–2016)

Lord Privy Seal

George Young (2010–2012) Andrew Lansley
Andrew Lansley
(2012–2014) The Baroness Stowell of Beeston (2014–2016)

v t e

Cameron–Clegg Cabinet

Cabinet members

David Cameron Nick Clegg

Danny Alexander Vince Cable Alistair Carmichael Kenneth Clarke Stephen Crabb Ed Davey Iain Duncan Smith Michael Fallon Liam Fox Cheryl Gillan Michael Gove Chris Grayling Justine Greening William Hague Philip Hammond Lord Hill of Oareford Chris Huhne Jeremy Hunt David Jones Andrew Lansley David Laws Sajid Javid Patrick McLoughlin Theresa May Maria Miller Andrew Mitchell Michael Moore Nicky Morgan George Osborne Owen Paterson Eric Pickles Grant Shapps Caroline Spelman Baroness Stowell Lord Strathclyde Elizabeth Truss Theresa Villiers Baroness Warsi George Young

Also attended meetings

Greg Clark Dominic Grieve Matt Hancock Oliver Letwin Esther McVey Francis Maude David Willetts Jeremy Wright

v t e

Second Cameron Cabinet

Cabinet members

David Cameron

Alun Cairns Greg Clark Stephen Crabb Iain Duncan Smith Michael Fallon Michael Gove Chris Grayling Justine Greening Philip Hammond Jeremy Hunt Sajid Javid Oliver Letwin Patrick McLoughlin Theresa May Nicky Morgan David Mundell George Osborne Amber Rudd The Baroness Stowell of Beeston Elizabeth Truss Theresa Villiers John Whittingdale

Also attended meetings

The Baroness Anelay of St. Johns Robert Halfon Matt Hancock Greg Hands Mark Harper Priti Patel Anna Soubry Jeremy Wright

v t e

Conservative Party leadership election, 2016

Outgoing Leader: David Cameron

Stephen Crabb* Liam Fox Michael Gove Andrea Leadsom Theresa May

* Withdrew after first ballot

v t e

First May Cabinet

Cabinet members

Theresa May

Karen Bradley James Brokenshire Alun Cairns Greg Clark David Davis Baroness Evans of Bowes Park Michael Fallon Liam Fox Chris Grayling Damian Green Justine Greening Philip Hammond Jeremy Hunt Sajid Javid Boris Johnson Andrea Leadsom David Lidington Patrick McLoughlin David Mundell Priti Patel Amber Rudd Elizabeth Truss

Also attend meetings

David Gauke Ben Gummer Robert Halfon Gavin Williamson Jeremy Wright

v t e

Second May Cabinet

Cabinet members

Theresa May

Karen Bradley James Brokenshire Alun Cairns Greg Clark David Davis Baroness Evans of Bowes Park Michael Fallon Liam Fox David Gauke Chris Grayling Damian Green Justine Greening Philip Hammond Matt Hancock Jeremy Hunt Sajid Javid Boris Johnson Brandon Lewis David Lidington Esther McVey Patrick McLoughlin Penny Mordaunt David Mundell Priti Patel Amber Rudd Gavin Williamson

Also attend meetings

Andrea Leadsom Caroline Nokes Claire Perry Julian Smith Elizabeth Truss Jeremy Wright

v t e

Conservative Party MPs in the South East

Adam Afriyie Steve Baker Richard Benyon Paul Beresford Crispin Blunt Peter Bottomley Steve Brine Maria Caulfield Rehman Chishti Greg Clark Damian Collins Robert Courts Tracey Crouch Mims Davies Caroline Dinenage Leo Docherty Charlie Elphicke Michael Fallon Suella Fernandes Roger Gale Nus Ghani Nick Gibb Cheryl Gillan Michael Gove Helen Grant Chris Grayling Damian Green Dominic Grieve Sam Gyimah Philip Hammond Gordon Henderson Nick Herbert Damian Hinds George Hollingbery Adam Holloway John Howell Jeremy Hunt Ranil Jayawardena Gareth Johnson Gillian Keegan Kwasi Kwarteng Mark Lancaster Phillip Lee Julian Lewis David Lidington Jonathan Lord Tim Loughton Craig Mackinlay Alan Mak Kit Malthouse Theresa May Huw Merriman Maria Miller Anne Milton Penny Mordaunt Caroline Nokes Victoria Prentis Jeremy Quin Dominic Raab John Redwood Amber Rudd Bob Seely Alok Sharma Henry Smith Royston Smith Nicholas Soames Iain Stewart Desmond Swayne Kelly Tolhurst Tom Tugendhat Ed Vaizey Helen Whately

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 69146825110707631644 LCCN: no20161030

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