THE NEW REPUBLIC is a liberal American magazine of commentary on politics and the arts, published since 1914, with influence on American political and cultural thinking. Founded in 1914 by major leaders of the Progressive Movement , it attempted to find a balance between a humanitarian progressivism and an intellectual scientism, ultimately discarding the latter. Through the 1980s and '90s it incorporated elements of conservatism . In 2014, two years after Chris Hughes purchased the magazine, he ousted its editor and attempted to remake its format and operations, provoking the resignation of the majority of its editors and writers. In early 2016, Hughes announced he was putting the magazine up for sale, indicating the need for "new vision and leadership". It was sold in February 2016 to Win McCormack .
* 1 Political views
* 2 History
* 2.1 Early years * 2.2 Peretz ownership and eventual editorship, 1974–1979 * 2.3 Kinsley and Hertzberg editorships, 1979–1991 * 2.4 Sullivan editorship, 1991–1996 * 2.5 Kelly, Lane, Beinart, Foer, Just editorships, 1996–2012 * 2.6 Peretz sells remaining shares, then buys magazine back from CanWest * 2.7 New format * 2.8 Chris Hughes ownership and editorial crisis, 2012–2016 * 2.9 Win McCormack ownership, 2016 to present
* 3 Circulation
* 3.1 Print circulation in the 2000s * 3.2 Online
* 4 Controversies
* 5 Editors
* 6 Notable contributors
* 6.1 1910s–1940s * 6.2 1943–1983 * 6.3 1950s–1970s * 6.4 1980s–1990s * 6.5 1990s–present
* 7 References
* 7.1 Primary sources * 7.2 Secondary sources
* 8 External links
The New Republic
The magazine's outlook is associated with the Democratic Leadership
Council and "
Liberalism wagers that a state... can be strong but constrained – strong because constrained... Rights to education and other requirements for human development and security aim to advance equal opportunity and personal dignity and to promote a creative and productive society. To guarantee those rights, liberals have supported a wider social and economic role for the state, counterbalanced by more robust guarantees of civil liberties and a wider social system of checks and balances anchored in an independent press and pluralistic society.
The New Republic
Nothing has been as consistent about the past 34 years of The New Republic as the magazine's devotion to Peretz's own understanding of what is good for Israel… It is really not too much to say that almost all of Peretz's political beliefs are subordinate to his commitment to Israel's best interests, and these interests as Peretz defines them almost always involve more war.
Unsigned editorials prior to the
2003 invasion of Iraq
At this point, it seems almost beside the point to say this: The New Republic deeply regrets its early support for this war. The past three years have complicated our idealism and reminded us of the limits of American power and our own wisdom.
The New Republic
The magazine has also published two articles concerning income
inequality, largely criticizing conservative economists for their
attempts to deny the existence or negative effect increasing income
inequality is having on the United States. In its May 2007 issue the
magazine ran an editorial pointing to the humanitarian beliefs of
liberals as being responsible for the recent plight of the American
left. In another article
The New Republic
The New Republic
One consequence of
World War I
Up until the late 1960s, the magazine had a certain "cachet as the voice of re-invigorated liberalism", in the opinion of Eric Alterman, a commentator who has criticized the magazine's politics from the left. That cachet, Alterman wrote, "was perhaps best illustrated when the dashing, young President Kennedy had been photographed boarding Air Force One holding a copy".
PERETZ OWNERSHIP AND EVENTUAL EDITORSHIP, 1974–1979
In March 1974, the magazine was purchased for $380,000 by Harvard
Martin Peretz , from Gilbert Harrison. Peretz
was a veteran of the
Harrison continued editing the magazine, expecting Peretz to let him continue running the magazine for three years. But by 1975, when Peretz became annoyed at having his own articles rejected for publication while he was pouring money into the magazine to cover its losses, he fired Harrison. Much of the staff, including Walter Pincus , Stanley Karnow , and Doris Grumbach , was either fired or quit, being replaced largely by recent Harvard graduates lacking in journalistic experience. Peretz himself became the editor and stayed in that post until 1979. As other editors have been appointed, Peretz has remained editor-in-chief.
KINSLEY AND HERTZBERG EDITORSHIPS, 1979–1991
Michael Kinsley , a neoliberal (in the American sense of the term), was editor (1979–1981; 1985–1989), alternating twice with Hendrik Hertzberg (1981–1985; 1989–1991), who has been called "an old-fashioned social democrat". Kinsley was 28 years old when he first became editor, and was still in law school.
Writers for the magazine during this era included neoliberals Mickey Kaus and Jacob Weisberg along with Charles Krauthammer , Fred Barnes , Morton Kondracke , Sidney Blumenthal , Robert Kuttner , Ronald Steel , Michael Walzer , and Irving Howe .
During the 1980s the magazine generally supported President Ronald
Reagan 's anti-Communist foreign policy, including provision of aid to
Contras . It has also supported both Gulf Wars and,
reflecting its belief in the moral efficacy of American power,
intervention in "humanitarian" crises, such as those in Bosnia and
The magazine also became known for its originality and unpredictability in the 1980s. It was widely considered a "must read" across the political spectrum. An article in Vanity Fair judged TNR "the smartest, most impudent weekly in the country," and the "most entertaining and intellectually agile magazine in the country." According to Alterman, the magazine's prose could sparkle and the contrasting views within its pages were "genuinely exciting". He added, "The magazine unarguably set the terms of debate for insider political elites during the Reagan era."
With the less predictable opinions, more of them leaning conservative
than before, the magazine won the respect of many conservative opinion
leaders and 20 copies were messengered to the Reagan White House each
Norman Podhoretz called the magazine
Credit for its quality and popularity was often assigned to Kinsley,
whose wit and critical sensibility were seen as enlivening a magazine
that had for many years been more conventional in its politics, and
Hertzberg, a writer for
The New Yorker
Hertzberg and Kinsley not only alternated as editor but also alternated as the author of the magazine's lead column, "TRB from Washington ". Its perspective was described as left-of-center in 1988.
A final ingredient that led to the magazine's increased stature in the 1980s was its "back of the book" or literary, cultural and arts pages, which were edited by Leon Wieseltier . Peretz discovered Wieseltier, then working at Harvard's Society of Fellows, and put him in charge of the section. Wieseltier reinvented the section along the lines of The New York Review of Books , allowing his critics, many of them academics, to write longer, critical essays instead of mere book reviews. Alterman calls the hire "probably Peretz's single most significant positive achievement" in running the magazine. During other changes of editors, Wieseltier has remained as cultural editor. Under him the section has been "simultaneously erudite and zestful", according to Alterman, who adds, "Amazingly, a full generation later, it still sings."
SULLIVAN EDITORSHIP, 1991–1996
In 1991, Andrew Sullivan , a 28-year-old gay self-described conservative from Britain, became editor and took the magazine in a somewhat more conservative direction, though the majority of writers remained liberal or neoliberal. Hertzberg soon left the magazine to return to The New Yorker. Kinsley left the magazine in 1996 to found the online magazine Slate .
In 1994, Sullivan invited Charles Murray to contribute a 10,000-word
article, excerpted from his coauthored book
The Bell Curve . The
article, which contended that "African Americans score differently
from whites on standardized tests of cognitive ability" proved to be
very controversial; it was published in a special issue with many
responses and critiques. The magazine also published a very critical
article about the Clinton Administration 's health care plan ,
commonly known as "Hillarycare" due to its close association with then
Ruth Shalit , a young writer for the magazine in the Sullivan years, was repeatedly criticized for plagiarism. After the Shalit scandals, the magazine began using fact-checkers during Sullivan's time as editor. One was Stephen Glass , who would be found to have made up quotes, anecdotes and facts in his own articles, while he served as a reporter years later (later dramatized in the feature film Shattered Glass ).
KELLY, LANE, BEINART, FOER, JUST EDITORSHIPS, 1996–2012
After Sullivan stepped down in 1996, David Greenberg and Peter Beinart served jointly as Acting Editors. After the 1996 election, Michael Kelly served as editor for a year. During his tenure as editor and afterward, Kelly, who also wrote the TRB column , was intensely critical of President Clinton. Writer Stephen Glass had been a major contributor under Kelly's editorship; Glass was later shown to have falsified and fabricated numerous stories, which was admitted by The New Republic after an investigation by Kelly's successor, Charles Lane. Kelly had consistently supported Glass during his tenure, including sending scathing letters to those challenging the veracity of Glass's stories.
Chuck Lane held the position between 1997 and 1999. During Lane's
Stephen Glass scandal occurred. Peretz has written that
Lane ultimately "put the ship back on its course," for which Peretz
said he was "immensely grateful." But Peretz later fired Lane, who
only got the news when a
Peter Beinart , a third editor who took over when he was 28 years old, followed Lane and served as editor from 1999 to 2006.
Franklin Foer took over from Beinart in March 2006. In the magazine's first editorial under Foer, it said "We've become more liberal … We've been encouraging Democrats to dream big again on the environment and economics ". Foer is the brother of novelist Jonathan Safran Foer , author of Everything Is Illuminated (2002).
Richard Just took over as editor of the magazine on December 8, 2010.
In 2005, TNR created its blog , called The Plank, which is written by Michael Crowley, Franklin Foer, Jason Zengerle, and other TNR staff. The Plank is meant to be TNR's primary blog, replacing the magazine's first three blogs, nine of the magazine’s eleven active senior writers; legal-affairs editor Jeffrey Rosen ; the digital-media editor; six culture writers and editors; and thirty-six out of thirty-eight contributing editors (including Paul Berman, Jonathan Chait, William Deresiewicz, Ruth Franklin, Anthony Grafton, Enrique Krauze, Ryan Lizza, Sacha Z. Scoblic, Helen Vendler, Sean Wilentz). In all, two-thirds of the names on the editorial masthead were gone.
The mass resignations forced the magazine to suspend its December 2014 edition. Previously a weekly for most of its history, immediately before suspension it was published 10 times per year with a circulation of approximately 50,000. The company announced that it would go back to producing twenty issues a year, and began to reshape itself under editor Gabriel Snyder.
Hughes had indicated, in the wake of the editorial crisis, that he
intended to stay with the magazine over the long term, telling an NPR
interviewer of his desire to "make sure"
The New Republic
WIN MCCORMACK OWNERSHIP, 2016 TO PRESENT
On February 26, 2016,
Win McCormack bought the magazine from Hughes,
Hamilton Fish V taking over as publisher. McCormack assumed the
role of editor in chief, and named Eric Bates, the former executive
PRINT CIRCULATION IN THE 2000S
The New Republic's average paid circulation for 2009 was 53,485 copies per issue, a decline of over 47 percent since 2000.
The New Republic
2001 88,409 −13.0
2002 85,069 −3.8
2003 63,139 −25.8
2004 61,675 −2.3
2005 61,771 +0.2
2006 61,024 −1.2
2007 59,779 −2.0
2008 65,162 +9.0
2009 53,485 −18.0
2010 NR NR
The New Republic's last reported circulation numbers to media auditor BPA Worldwide were for the six months ending on June 30, 2009.
New Republic editor
Michael Whitney Straight (1948 to 1956) was later
discovered to be a spy for the
KGB , recruited into the same network
as Donald Maclean ,
Guy Burgess ,
RUTH SHALIT PLAGIARISM
In 1995, writer Ruth Shalit was fired for repeated incidents of plagiarism and an excess of factual errors in her articles.
STEPHEN GLASS SCANDAL
In 1998, features writer Stephen Glass was revealed in a Forbes Digital investigation to have fabricated a story called "Hack Heaven". A TNR investigation found that most of Glass' stories had used or been based on fabricated information. The story of Glass' fall and TNR editor Chuck Lane 's handling of the scandal was dramatized in the 2003 film Shattered Glass , based on a 1998 article in Vanity Fair .
In 2006, long-time contributor, critic, and senior editor Lee Siegel , who had maintained a blog on the TNR site dedicated primarily to art and culture, was revealed by an investigation to have collaborated in posting comments to his own blog under an alias aggressively praising Siegel, attacking his critics and claiming not to be Lee Siegel when challenged by an anonymous detractor on his blog. The blog was removed from the website and Siegel was suspended from writing for the print magazine. He resumed writing for TNR in April 2007. Siegel was also controversial for his coinage "blogofascists" which he applied to "the entire political blogosphere", though with an emphasis on leftwing or center-left bloggers such as Daily Kos and Atrios .
In 2006, associate editor Spencer Ackerman was fired by Foer. Describing it as a "painful" decision, Foer attributed the firing to Ackerman's "insubordination": disparaging the magazine on his personal blog, saying that he would "skullfuck" a terrorist's corpse at an editorial meeting if that was required to "establish his anti-terrorist bona fides" and sending Foer an e-mail where he said—in what according to Ackerman was intended to be a joke—he would “make a niche in your skull” with a baseball bat. Ackerman, by contrast, argued that the dismissal was due to “irreconcilable ideological differences.” He believed that his leftward drift as a result of the Iraq War and the actions of the Bush administration was not appreciated by the senior editorial staff. Within 24 hours of being fired by The New Republic, Ackerman was hired as a senior correspondent for a rival magazine, The American Prospect .
SCOTT THOMAS BEAUCHAMP CONTROVERSY
Main article: Scott Thomas Beauchamp controversy
In July 2007, after
The New Republic
As of December 1, 2007, an article titled "The Fog of War" and bearing the byline of Franklin Foer, postdate December 10, 2007, has been available for professional critique. In the article, Foer writes that the magazine can no longer stand behind the stories written by Beauchamp.
LEON WIESELTIER CONTROVERSY
On October 24, 2017, Leon Wieseltier, a former literary editor at The New Republic (from 1983 until his resignation in 2014), admitted to “offenses against some of my colleagues in the past” after several women accused him of sexual harassment and inappropriate advances.
Herbert Croly (1914–1930)
* Bruce Bliven (1930–1946)
Henry A. Wallace
Before Wallace's appointment in 1946, the masthead listed no single
editor in charge but gave an editorial board of four to eight members.
Walter Lippmann ,
Richard Strout , correspondent,
The Christian Science Monitor
* Fred Barnes * Jeane Kirkpatrick * Joshua Muravchik * Eric Breindel * Jacob Heilbrunn * Morton Kondracke * Irving Kristol * Edward Luttwak * Michael Ledeen * Ronald Radosh * Robert Kagan * Charles Krauthammer * Irving Howe
Fouad Ajami , professor of Middle East Studies at Johns Hopkins
Scott Thomas Beauchamp , freelance writer, soldier
Paul Berman , essayist, author
Simon Blackburn , philosopher
Alan Brinkley , historian
Jonathan Chait , senior editor
Jonathan Cohn , senior editor
* Michelle Cottle, senior editor
Jerry Coyne , evolutionary biologist
* Michael Crowley , senior editor
E.J. Dionne, Jr. , journalist
* ^ A B Haughney, Christine (March 22, 2013). "At The New Republic,
Even Firings Enter the Digital Age".
The New York Times
* ^ Brooks, David (March 11, 2007). "The Vanishing Neoliberal". The New York Times . Retrieved June 10, 2012. * ^ Seelye, K. Q. (February 24, 2007). "New Republic Cuts Back, but Bulks Up Its Image". The New York Times. Retrieved November 30, 2007. * ^ Rendall, Steve; Kosseff, Anne (September–October 2004). "Not Even the New Republic". Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting. * ^ "Obama for President by The Editors". * ^ Chait, J. (September 10, 2007). "Feast of the Wingnuts: How economic crackpots devoured American politics". The New Republic. 237. pp. 27–31. * ^ Starr, Paul (March 5, 2007). "War and Liberalism; Why power is not the enemy of freedom". The New Republic. * ^ "The New Republic". News & Politics Magazines. Retrieved March 17, 2014. * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z AA AB AC AD AE AF Alterman, Eric (June 18, 2007). "My Marty Peretz Problem – And Ours". The American Prospect . Retrieved July 3, 2007. * ^ "Obligations". The New Republic. November 27, 2006. Archived from the original on November 17, 2006. Retrieved November 18, 2006. * ^ Peretz, Martin (June 23, 2006). "A Message From The New Republic\'s Lieberman-Loving NeoCon Owner". TNR.com. Archived from the original on November 1, 2006. Retrieved October 29, 2006. * ^ Cohn, Jonathan (January 1, 2007). "Great Danes". The New Republic: 13–17. * ^ Peretz, Martin. "Three Decades of The New Republic". Archived from the original on March 13, 2007. Retrieved March 12, 2007. * ^ Stephenson, D. Grier Jr., Bresler, Robert J., Freidrich, Robert J., Karlesky, Joseph J., editors, American Government, New York: Harper & Row, 1988, ISBN 0-06-040947-9 , pp. 166, 171 * ^ Herrnstein, Charles Murray and Richard (1994-10-31). "Race, Genes and I.Q. — An Apologia". New Republic. Retrieved 2016-08-21. * ^ Fallows, James (January 1995). "A Triumph of Misinformation". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 19, 2017. * ^ Bissinger, H.G. (September 1998). "Shattered Glass". Vanity Fair. * ^ The New Republic, November 9, 1992 Issue, content overview at UNZ.org * ^ Carr, David (February 28, 2006). " Franklin Foer Is Named Top Editor of New Republic". The New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2007. * ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. (February 28, 2007). "New Republic's Editor in Chief Sells His Share of the Magazine". The New York Times. pp. Section C, Pg. 2. * ^ "Michael Alter Joins Investor Group to Purchase The New Republic". Alter NOW. August 27, 2009. Retrieved April 2, 2012. * ^ Calderone, Michael (March 9, 2009). "Peretz, investors buying back TNR". Politico. * ^ "Frequency Change FAQ". The New Republic. Archived from the original on February 27, 2007. * ^ Katharine Q. Seelye (February 24, 2007). "New Republic Cuts Back, but Bulks Up Its Image". New York Times. Retrieved February 25, 2007. * ^ "Home News: A Letter To TNR Readers From Chris Hughes". The New Republic. March 9, 2012. Retrieved April 2, 2012. * ^ Byers, Dylan (March 9, 2012). "New Republic owner, editor: Chris Hughes". Politico. Retrieved April 3, 2012. * ^ Schluesser, Jennifer (February 28, 2014). "A Bastion for Israel, Seething Inside". The New York Times. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
* ^ A B "Inside the Collapse of The New Republic". The New Yorker.
* ^ Byers, Dylan (December 4, 2014). "Shakeup at The New Republic:
Foer, Wieseltier out; mag moves to N.Y".
Groff Conklin , ed. New Republic Anthology: 1914–1935, 1936.
* Cowley Malcolm. And I Worked at the Writer's Trade 1978.
* Wickenden, Dorothy (1994).
The New Republic
* Mott Frank L. A History of American Magazines. Vol. 3. Harvard University Press, 1960. * Seideman; David. The New Republic: A Voice of Modern Liberalism 1986 * Steel Ronald. Walter Lippmann and the American Century 1980