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Thalassery
Thalassery
(IPA: [θʌlʌsserɪ]) formerly Tellicherry[2] is a commercial town[1] on the Malabar Coast
Malabar Coast
in Kannur
Kannur
district, in the state of Kerala, India, bordered by the districts of Mahé (Pondicherry), Kozhikode, Wayanad, Kasaragod
Kasaragod
and Kodagu (Karnataka). It is the largest populated municipality of North Malabar. Thalassery has been a historically significant location over the past five centuries in the Malabar region. Thalassery
Thalassery
municipality has a population just under 100,000.[3] Thalassery
Thalassery
has an area of 23.98 square kilometres (9.26 sq mi). It is 22 km south of the district headquarters in Kannur
Kannur
town. Thalassery
Thalassery
is situated in an altitude ranging from 2.5m to 30m above mean sea-level. Thalassery
Thalassery
municipality was formed on 1 November 1866 according to the Madras Act 10 of 1865 (Amendment of the Improvements in Towns act 1850)[4] of the British Indian Empire, making it the second oldest municipality in the state. At that time the municipality was known as Thalassery
Thalassery
Commission, and Thalassery
Thalassery
was the capital of North Malabar. G. M. Ballard, the Malabar collector, was the first President of the municipal commission. Later a European barrister, A. F. Lamaral, became the first Chairman of Thalassery
Thalassery
municipality.[5] Thalassery
Thalassery
grew into a prominent place during European rule, due to its strategic geographic location.[6] Thalassery
Thalassery
has played a significant historical, cultural, educational and commercial role in the history of India, especially during the colonial period. On 9 February 2014, Thalassery
Thalassery
taluk was split in two[7] and Iritty
Iritty
taluk was formed. The north eastern hilly region of the former Thalassery Taluk such as Peravoor, Aralam, Ayyankunnu, Kottiyoor, Kelakam is within the Iritty
Iritty
Taluk area.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography 4 Demographics 5 Villages in Thalassery
Thalassery
Taluk 6 Culture 7 Thalassery
Thalassery
Circus 8 Thalassery
Thalassery
cuisine 9 Theyyam
Theyyam
in Thalassery 10 Kalari Payattu 11 Places of worship 12 Cricket 13 Education 14 Economy 15 Transport 16 Tourism 17 Political violence 18 Notable residents 19 Climate 20 See also 21 Gallery 22 References 23 Further reading 24 External links

Etymology[edit] Thalassery
Thalassery
may have originated from the ancient Malayalam linguistic usage 'Thala' (Head) and 'cheri' (low lying settlement place), thus Thalassery
Thalassery
or 'starting place of a settlement or head of a settlement'. It could also have emerged from Talakkathe cheri, a combination of 'Talakkate' (Upper or north) and 'Cheri' (Settlement). Thalassery
Thalassery
could be a village, as it hosts ancient Shree Ramaswamy shrines dedicated/connected to Rama
Rama
(Rama-Vaishnavite/ Smartha sects settlements in various villages in and around Thalassery
Thalassery
such as Tiruvangad, Andaloor, Makreri, Peralassery, Edakkad, Taliparamba, Cheruthazham, Mavilayi, Kadalayi, Trichambaram, Thrikykunnu near Koothuparamba, Kannapuram
Kannapuram
etc... such a large number of shrines dedicated to or related to Rama
Rama
in close vicinity is rare compared to other places in Kerala. The 1885 administration manual vol. 2 of the former Madras Presidency cites research in regional legends and folklore to indicate that the ancient name of Thalassery
Thalassery
was Swetharanya pura.[6] The Upanishad Acharya Swethakethu is believed to have taken penance there and it is said that Shiva
Shiva
danced ananda thandava here. This is the stala purana of Tiruvangad Shree Ramaswamy Temple. Thalassery
Thalassery
was also known as known as Tellicherry the anglicised form of the Malayalam name Thalassery
Thalassery
during the European era and in the official documents until the end of 1990s but the name Thalassery
Thalassery
is now used officially. It is suggested in the alternative that Thalassery
Thalassery
is related to Thalassa (Greek: Θαλασσα), the ancient Greek word for "sea" given the city's coastline, proximity to sea and history of traders visiting from as far afield as the Mediterranean. Thalassery
Thalassery
was a major town where the French military base in Kerala was located. Although the French abandoned Thalassery, moving their base to Mahé (5 km south of Thalassery) (named after the French administrator Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais) because spices could be easily transported to sea using canoes through Mahé river, the nickname remained.[citation needed] History[edit] Main article: History of Thalassery Thalassery
Thalassery
was a trade hub where Chinese, Arab, and Jewish traders had considerable influence in the spice market before that the Greeks and Romans was in the trade. It was the European invasion that brought significant change as they enforced the trade with their military.[8][page needed]

Vasco da Gama a painting- The trade alliance between Vasco da Gama and Kolathiri gave Portugal direct access to the spice trade market especially for pepper.

Thalassery
Thalassery
Jagannath Temple, Kerala

The British established a trading post and built a factory at Tellicherry in 1694, having gained permission from Vadakkalankur, the prince regent of the Raja of Kolatunad. They had already been trading on the Malabar coast
Malabar coast
for much of that century, buying pepper from Moplah
Moplah
merchants, and had established a similar post at Travancore
Travancore
ten years earlier.[9]

Tellicherry Pepper- A Black pepper
Black pepper
variety. This is a produce of Terre Exotique, France[10]

Jackfruit from Dharmadam

Veera Kerala
Kerala
Varma Pazhassi Raja Painting by Raja Ravi Varma

After the annexation of Malabar, the British called upon Thalassery, the Royal families and other major Nair and Namboothiri feudal lords to return, but this was heavily opposed by some local rulers. Along with heavy taxation and laws that curbed free movement, the appeal resulted in multiple uprisings against the British with heavy casualties to British forces. Thousands of soldiers were killed, but the resistance was eventually defeated. The British, Dutch and the Portuguese and the Christian
Christian
Missionaries contributed a lot into the field of education, sports, culture and many development of this region. There were a lots of Hindu
Hindu
and Christian
Christian
people in Thalassery. Tippu Sultan forcefully converted a lots of people into Islam. Tippu's padayottam in Kerala
Kerala
killed thousands of Hindus and Christians as well as their churches and temples. Geography[edit] Thalassery
Thalassery
is in Kannur
Kannur
district.[11] The town has Dharmadam
Dharmadam
Panchayat in the north, Eranjoli and Kodiyeri
Kodiyeri
in the east New Mahé in the south and the Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
on the west. The palm-fringed terrain has a scenic coastline and features four rivers, canals and hills with orange-hued rock. One of the four rivers is the Mahé River
Mahé River
( Mayyazhi
Mayyazhi
river). During the British Raj, the Mahé River
Mahé River
was nicknamed the English Channel, because it separated British-ruled Thalassery
Thalassery
from French-ruled Mahé. Muzhappilangad
Muzhappilangad
Beach,[12] the sole beach where driving is possible in Kerala
Kerala
(with a 4 km long drivable area),[13] is located within 6 km from the town centre. Unlike southern Kerala, Thalassery
Thalassery
region does not have lagoons (Kayal), although many rivers flow through the region. Thalassery however has a large area of mangroves, whichi now being protected. The coast has no delta formation. The coastal plain is only a few kilometres in width and is bordered by highlands. The north of Thalassery
Thalassery
is Dharmadam, an island area surrounded by two rivers and the sea. On the eastern side, hilly areas start from Kuthuparamba.[14][15] Demographics[edit] As of 2011[update] India
India
census,[16] Thalassery
Thalassery
had a population of 92,558, making it Kerala's 8th largest city in population. Males constitute 47% of the population and females 53%. Thalassery
Thalassery
has an average literacy rate of 86%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Both male and female literacy are 86%. In Thalassery, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age. The Thalassery
Thalassery
urban agglomeration consists of the Thalassery
Thalassery
municipality and panchayaths of Eranholi, Kadirur, Dharmadam, Muzhappilangad, Pinarayi
Pinarayi
and New Mahe with a present population of around 300,000. Hindus make up 61.37% of the population, Muslims 34.30% and Christians 3.64%. Villages in Thalassery
Thalassery
Taluk[edit] Thalassery
Thalassery
Taluk has 35 villages.

Cheruvanchery, Chokli, Dharmadam
Dharmadam
and Erancholi Eruvatty, Kadirur, Kandankunnu and Kannavam Keezhallur, Kodiyeri, Kolavallur and Kolayad Koodali, Kottayam, Kuthuparamba
Kuthuparamba
and Mananthery Mangattidam, Mokery, New Mahe
New Mahe
and Paduvilayi Panniyannur, Panoor, Pathiriyad
Pathiriyad
and Pattanur Pattiam, Peringalam, Peringathur
Peringathur
and Pinarayi Puthur, Shivapuram, Thalassery
Thalassery
and Thiruvangad Tholambra, Thripangothur and Vekkalam

Culture[edit] Main article: Culture of Thalassery The British had considerable impact on local culture. As an ancient trade center, the trading and business relations that existed with the Europeans and the Arabs brought people and ideas from many other lands. The Christian
Christian
missionaries and the educational reforms they brought played an important role in transforming society. The British, Dutch and the Portuguese and the Christian
Christian
Missionaries contributed a lot into the field of education, sports, culture and many development of this region. There were a lots of Hindu
Hindu
and Christian
Christian
people in Thalassery. Tippu Sultan forcefully converted a lots of people into Islam. Tippu's padayottam in Kerala
Kerala
killed thousands of Hindus and Christians as well as their churches and temples.

"Mukathezhuthu"-The face painting of Theyyam, the religious ritual art form in Thalassery

The Government of Kerala
Kerala
has included Thalassery
Thalassery
in its heritage city project. The project includes the preservation of historical structures.[17][18] Thalassery
Thalassery
Circus[edit] Vishnu Pant Chhatre's Great Indian Circus's was established 1880 in Bombay, the first circus establishment in India. A tour of Thalassery led to the meeting of Chhatre with Keeleri Kunhikannan a martial arts trainer.[19] Keeleri Kunhikannan established the first dedicated circus school in India
India
in 1901. He is known as "the father of Kerala Circus". A Circus Academy was inaugurated in Thalassery
Thalassery
in 2010.[20] Some of the most known circus companies were started by people of Thalassery
Thalassery
i.e, Gemini Circus, Great Bombay Circus, Jumbo circus and so on... Thalassery
Thalassery
cuisine[edit] Main article: Thalassery
Thalassery
Cuisine

St.Joseph Cathedral

Thalassery
Thalassery
is known for its biryani (in local dialect, biri-yaa-ni)[21] Unlike other biriyani cuisines Thalassery
Thalassery
biryani uses Kaima/ Jeerakasala
Jeerakasala
rice instead of the usual basmati rice.[22] The influence of Arabian culture is evident in the dishes of the Muslim community. Thalassery
Thalassery
Falooda is a regional variant of the Persian dessert. This is a cocktail of fruit salad, dry fruits such as black current, pista, cashew, almond(badam), rose milk and vanila icecream. Thalassery
Thalassery
has a special place in modern history of Kerala
Kerala
as the pioneer of the regional bakery industry, since the first bakery and biscuit factory was started by Mambally Bapu in 1880 and the western style cakes were introduced in 1883.[23][24] Putu kadala, Pazhampori, Kozhi-kkalu, Adda,Kinnathappam, kalathappam, Pappadam-Pazham, Aval um Poriyum kuzhakkal, Muttamala, Chatti and Ari pathiri are other popular dishes.[25] Porridges such as Mutaari kachiyatu (ragi porridge), are also popular.[25] Theyyam
Theyyam
in Thalassery[edit] Theyyam
Theyyam
is a ritual performance art form[26] that depict the cultural heritage of North Malabar, especially of ancient Kolathunad. Theyyam depicts Shiva
Shiva
bhutaganas, Kali
Kali
and other deities and cultural heroes. The drama is enacted based on ancient stories and the language used is "Tottam pattu", a primitive form of Malayalam. Theyyam
Theyyam
shows the Buddhist influence from centuries ago. Theyyam
Theyyam
is usually held from October to May every year. The colour of Theyyam
Theyyam
is typically red. Velan is described in the Sangam literature
Sangam literature
500 CE. It could have been a tribal ritual art which evolved under Buddhism and the Brahminic revival of Hinduism. This art form is addressed as "Kaliyattom" North of Pazhayangadi
Pazhayangadi
Puzha, Kannur, as "Theyyam" South of the river and as "Tirayattom" around Thalassery.[27]

Kundadi Chamundi Theyyam

Vishnumoorthi or Chamundi Theyyam

Kalari Payattu[edit]

Inside of Kalari

Kalari payattu is a martial art practiced in Kerala
Kerala
Dharmapattanam (the current Dharmadam), Kadirur, Kadathanad (the current Vatakara) and Kuthuparamba. The British East India
India
Company established their authority by destroying the traditional military character of the community of Malabar. The famous Kadirur
Kadirur
Gurukkal from Vadakkan Pattukal hailed from Kadirur, which is about 10 km from Thalassery
Thalassery
town centre. The Mysorean invaders destroyed traditional institutions, landholding patterns and supremacy of local rulers, along with the power and prestige of the Malabar militia, leading to the decline of Kalari.[28] On 20 February 1804, Robert Richards, the Principal Collector of Malabar, wrote to Lord William Bentinck, President and General-in Council, Fort. St. George, asking permission to take action against persons carrying arms, either imposing death penalty or deportation for life.Lord Bentinck issued an order on 22 April 1804, that those who concealed weapons or disobeyed the orders of the British against carrying arms, would be deported. At the time of the Pazhassi rebellion, British soldiers raided rebel homes to confiscate their arms.[29][30]

Kadal palam

Thalassery
Thalassery
is one of the major centres of Vadakkan Kalari. Kalari Payattu had a revival after a resurgence of public interest from Thalassery
Thalassery
in 1920. A public protest was led by C V Narayanan Nair.[31] Places of worship[edit] Sree Jagannath Temple: Sree Gnanodayayogam is a social organisation of North Malabar
North Malabar
and the governing body of Sree Jagannath Temple, Thalassery.

Holy grove for snakes

Sree Andaloor Kavu: The presiding deity is Rama, worshiped as a forest dweller as depicted in Araṇya Kāṇḍa, Kishkindha Kāṇḍa, Sundara Kāṇḍa
Sundara Kāṇḍa
and Yuddha Kāṇḍa
Yuddha Kāṇḍa
of Ramayana. Lakshmana
Lakshmana
and Hanuman
Hanuman
who accompanied Rama
Rama
in his forest life are other deities worshiped there. Thiruvangad Sree Ramaswami Temple:

The Thiruvangad Shree Ramaswamy Temple pond

Sree Ramaswami Temple
Sree Ramaswami Temple
is dedicated to Sree Rama, in Thiruvangad. It is one of the four important temples dedicated to Sree Rama
Rama
in Kerala. (The other three are at Triprayar, Thiruvilluamala and Kadalur.) St. Theresa's Cathedral, Mahe (Built in AD 1723): The Shrine of St. Theresa of Avila at Mahe is one of the oldest Shrines in India
India
and probably the oldest in Malabar. St.Joseph Cathedral: Syro-Malabar Catholic Church
Syro-Malabar Catholic Church
under Thalassery
Thalassery
Archdioce, built in 1953. Holy Rosary Church: Established in 1609

Muchilottu Bhagavathi Theyyam

St.Johns Anglican Church The St. John's Anglican Church, near Thalassery
Thalassery
Fort, was built by Mr Edward Brennan in 1869. He was the Master Attendant at Thalassery during the British rule. Though he provided the funds for the construction of the church, it was completed only after his death. His tomb is seen among those at the church cemetery. Cricket[edit]

ThalasseryMunicipal Stadium

Thalassery
Thalassery
Stadium, located close to the sea, hosts Ranji Trophy cricket matches quite often. Lord Arthur Wellesley is believed to have introduced this game in Kerala
Kerala
in the 18th century for British soldiers garrisoned in the Tellichery Fort.[32] India's first cricket club, which was later named the Town Cricket
Cricket
Club, was formed in 1850 at Tellichery by Wellesley.[32][33][34] The Tellichery Cricket
Cricket
ground was the hub of cricket activities those days. An exhibition match was conducted in this ground to raise funds during the First World War.[32] English cricketer Colin Cowdrey's father was a tea planter in Thalassery, where he used to play cricket in the 1890s. Cowdrey played in Thalassery
Thalassery
during the British regime. Thalassery
Thalassery
Cricket
Cricket
Ground celebrated its 200th birthday in 2002 by hosting a match between the former cricketers of India
India
and Sri Lanka. In 2008 a new stadium only for cricket was inaugurated in Conor Vayal near Venus Junction in Thalassery, as a project of the Kerala
Kerala
Cricket Association. Education[edit] The educational renaissance of Malabar started from Thalassery
Thalassery
due to the influence of European missionaries. Government Brennen College, Thalassery, founded in 1862, is one of the oldest educational institutions in India. The Kannur University
Kannur University
campus is located in Palayad, north of Thalassery.[35] The Basel Evangelic Mission Parsi High school is an English Medium school (established 1856) in Malabar. Dr. Hermann Gundert
Hermann Gundert
was a tutor there. Kaikose Ruderasha, a Parsi, donated funds to build the institute with the assistance of German missionaries.[36] Around the 1970s Muslim educational trusts such as MES, founded by Dr. Abdul Gafoor, played a considerable role in educating the Muslim community.[37] Other colleges include Government Brennen College, College of Engineering Thalassery, Medical College, Anjarakandy, Co-operative College of Nursing, Nettur and Co-operative College of Physiotherapy and para-medical sciences, Nettur. Other educational facilities include Sports Authority of India
India
Centre, Nettur Technical Training Foundation, Kerala
Kerala
School of Fine Arts, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Government Brennen College of Teacher Education, IHRD College of Applied Science, BKJM School of Nursing, St Joseph's Higher Secondary School, Sacred Heart Girls High School, Basel Evangelical Mission Parsi
Parsi
High School MES Bava Residential School, Thiruvangad, Thiruvangad Girls Higher Secondary School, Madrasathul Mubaraka Higher Secondary School, Government Girls Higher Secondary School, Bright English Medium School, Chetamkinnu, Adiyodi Vakeel Smaraka Tagore Vidyapeetam, Nangarathe Peedika, Temple Gate and Government Brennen Higher Secondary School,Gopalapetta LP School. Economy[edit]

Thalasserry Co-op Hospital

The economy is mainly dependent on the expatriates working in the Persian Gulf.Trade and commerce in Thalassery
Thalassery
is mainly in wholesale traders, small scale industries and agriculture. The seaport no longer operates. Few industries operate in Thalassery
Thalassery
majority of them in the two industrial estates one in Palayad the other near Chirakkara in Thalassery. International trade from Thalassery
Thalassery
is now only a fraction of the colonial-era trade. Thalassery
Thalassery
fishing harbor is a key sea food trade hub in the region. Major medical facilities include Malabar Cancer Centre, Moozhikkara, Government General Hospital, Tellicherry Cooperative Hospital Indira Gandhi Cooperative Hospital, Josgiri Hospital, Mission Hospital, Santhosh Hospital, Tely Hospital, Kay Paral Hospital, Shemi Hospital, Keerthi Hospital. Transport[edit] Thalassery Railway Station
Thalassery Railway Station
operates under the Palakkad
Palakkad
Railway Division of the Southern Railway. It is a Class 'A' railway station. It is on the Shoranur
Shoranur
- Mangalore
Mangalore
line. No direct line connects Thalasery to Mysore, although a feasibility study for such a route was funded in 2013.[38][39]

Thalassery
Thalassery
railway station

The town has four bus stations. New Bus Stand (1982) is the primary terminus. Inter-state buses to Karnataka, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and Mysore operate from there. KSRTC bus depot is located at Konor vayal. Passengers to Bangalore, Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
and Madurai
Madurai
depart from that station. KSRTC and private buses are available to Kodagu and Wayanad. Moffusil bus station is located near the New Bus stand. Town buses also originate from the Old bus stand on General Hospital Road. The nearest airport is Kozhikode
Kozhikode
International Airport, about 93 km south. On completion of proposed airport at Mattannur, the nearest airport for Thalasserry will be Kannur
Kannur
International Airport which will be around 25 km from the town.[40] Mangalore International Airport and Cochin International Airport
Cochin International Airport
could be alternate choices. Kanyakumari-Mumbai NH-66 passes through Thalassery. Kozhikode
Kozhikode
is 66 km from Thalassery. Thalassery
Thalassery
Coorg Road is a major road linking Kerala
Kerala
to Kudaku( Karnataka
Karnataka
State). Interstate buses ply on this route in a frequency of one in an hour.[41] Tourism[edit] Main article: Tourist attractions in Thalassery The Thalassery
Thalassery
carnival, the Beach fest in Muzhappilangad
Muzhappilangad
beach and Dharmadam
Dharmadam
beach are notable attractions.[42] The area's four rivers (Anjarakkandi, Dharmadam, Koduvally
Koduvally
and Mahe) around Thalassery
Thalassery
town and four beaches (Muzhappilangad, Dharmadam, Thalassery
Thalassery
(2 beaches)) with more in Kannur
Kannur
also attract visitors. Muzhappilangad
Muzhappilangad
beach is a 5.5 km long beach in which it is possible to drive vehicles. This beach was listed as one of the top 10 drive in beaches in the world by BBC survey.http://www.bbc.com/autos/story/20160617-the-worlds-best-beaches-for-driving It is an important center of Kalari payattu and health tourism.[43] Other visitors come to experience Theyyam
Theyyam
and explore the area's history, such as Tellicherry Fort.

Dharmadam
Dharmadam
Beach and Island

Overbury's Folly, Thalassery

Thalassery Pier
Thalassery Pier
(Kadalpaalam), Overbury's Folly, Pazhassi Dam
Pazhassi Dam
and Reservoir garden[44] and Malayala Kala Gramam, New Mahe,(7 km from Thalassery)[45][46] are other attractions

Nettur Technical Training Foundation
Nettur Technical Training Foundation
(NTTF)-Established by the Christian
Christian
Missionaries of Switzerland

Muzhappilangad
Muzhappilangad
Beach

William Logan-The author of Malabar Manual

A shipwreck is visible near the Thalassery
Thalassery
shore.[47] Political violence[edit] This area is an epicenter of political violence between RSS and Communists. Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist) (CPI(M)) and the Hindus-led Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
(RSS) have been fighting in this area for supremacy for the last 50 years. Clashes in 2008 left seven people killed and many have been injured. The High Court of Kerala
Kerala
called this manslaughter a "compelling sport" and suggested permanent deployment of Central forces in the affected areas.[48] Notable residents[edit] Main article: List of people from Thalassery

Veera Kerala
Kerala
Varma Pazhassi Raja Hermann Gundert Keeleri Kunhikannan C. V. Narayanan Nair Vengayil Kunhiraman Nayanar K. Raghavan Moorkoth Ramunni C V Devan Nair Pinarayi
Pinarayi
Vijayan Vainu Bappu William Logan O Chandu Menon Sanjayan (Prof. Mannikoth Ramunni Nair) Prof. M.N. Vijayan N Prabhakaran Sreenivasan (actor) Vineeth Sreenivasan Dhyan Sreenivasan Shaan Rahman Deepak Dev

Climate[edit] Thalassery
Thalassery
experiences a Tropical monsoon climate
Tropical monsoon climate
under the Köppen climate classification. The wet season starts in June as the South-west monsoon
South-west monsoon
first hits the coastal Kerala
Kerala
and continues until the end of September. A brief pre-monsoon Mango showers interval occurs sometime during April. Precipitation from the North-East Monsoon sets in during the second half of October through November.

Climate data for Thalassery

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 32.2 (90) 32.6 (90.7) 33.3 (91.9) 33.5 (92.3) 32.8 (91) 30.1 (86.2) 29 (84) 29.2 (84.6) 30.2 (86.4) 31 (88) 31.9 (89.4) 32.1 (89.8) 31.49 (88.69)

Average low °C (°F) 22.9 (73.2) 23.8 (74.8) 25.5 (77.9) 26.3 (79.3) 26 (79) 24.4 (75.9) 23.7 (74.7) 23.9 (75) 24.2 (75.6) 24.2 (75.6) 24.1 (75.4) 22.8 (73) 24.32 (75.78)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 3 (0.12) 3 (0.12) 11 (0.43) 70 (2.76) 285 (11.22) 900 (35.43) 1,078 (42.44) 544 (21.42) 267 (10.51) 227 (8.94) 103 (4.06) 21 (0.83) 3,512 (138.28)

Source #1: WWO[49]

Source #2: Climate-Data.org[50]

See also[edit] The important locations in an around Thalassery

India
India
portal Kerala
Kerala
portal History portal

Kannur
Kannur
town( Kannur
Kannur
district) Malabar, Kerala Mahe, Puducherry Mangalore Muzhappilangad
Muzhappilangad
Drive-in Beach Kannur
Kannur
International Airport Jagannath Temple, Thalassery Culture of Thalassery

Gallery[edit]

Overbury's Folly

St. Johns Anglical Church

Brennen Bungalow

Jagannath Temple

Theyyam

ShriLakshmi Narasimhaswamy Temple

Thalassery
Thalassery
Light House

Saidhar Masjidh

Inside Thalassery
Thalassery
(Tellicherry) Fort 1

Inside Thalassery
Thalassery
(Tellicherry) Fort 2

A View from Overbury's Folly

Herman Gundert Statue

Thalassery
Thalassery
Cricket
Cricket
Stadium

References[edit]

^ a b "Analysis of Census of India- Kerala
Kerala
State-Government of India" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Government of India. Retrieved 3 January 2016.  ^ "Govt approves change in names of 25 towns". The Times of India. 12 February 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2015. ^ "Census of India
India
Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ "CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF CENTRAL ACTS (Updated up to 17-10-2014)". Lawmin.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ August 8, 2016, 3:13 am. "ചരിത്രം Thalassery Municipality". Thalasserymunicipality.in. Retrieved 2016-08-07. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ a b Team Thalassery. "THALASSERY - History". Thalassery.info. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ "Chandy inaugurates Iritty
Iritty
taluk". The Hindu. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.  ^ Nair, K.P. Prabhakaran (2011). Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom: The "King and "Queen of Spices. Elsevier. ISBN 9780123918772.  ^ Swai, Bonaventure (July 1978). "Notes on the Colonial State with Reference to Malabar in the 18th and 19th Centuries". Social Scientist. 6 (12): 44–65. doi:10.2307/3516674. JSTOR 3516674. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ "Terre Exotique - Épicerie fine en ligne". Terreexotique.fr. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ " Kannur
Kannur
(Cannanore) city, municipality". Wikimapia.org. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ "Google Maps". Maps.google.co.in. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ Neglect ruins Muzhappilangad
Muzhappilangad
beach. The Times of India. (12 November 2012). ^ " Malabar Coast
Malabar Coast
- India
India
Environment Portal
Portal
News, reports, documents, blogs, data, analysis on environment & development India, South Asia". India
India
Environment Portal. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ "Malabar Biodiversity". Terrestrial-biozones.net. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ "Census of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 August 2016. Retrieved 2010-10-24.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 30 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-20.  ^ Menon 2007, p. 436. ^ "Circus is trying to regain its lost sheen in Thalassery". The Economic Times. 17 August 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-04.  ^ "My Experiments With Food". Myexperimentswithfood.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ Thalassery, Team. "THALASSERY - Bakery
Bakery
Industry". www.thalassery.info. Retrieved 2018-02-01.  ^ " Thalassery
Thalassery
takes mother of all cakes - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-02-01.  ^ a b " Thalassery
Thalassery
to Kochi
Kochi
via food". The Hindu. November 27, 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.  ^ "The Science of "Theyyam"". theyyamcalendar. 2010. Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013.  ^ "History of Theyyam". Kerala
Kerala
Tourism. 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2013.  ^ ":: Choorakkody Kalari Sangam :: Villiappally". Choorakkodykalari.com. Retrieved 2014-07-22.  ^ Robert Richards, Papers on the Administration of Malabar District ^ Team Thalassery
Thalassery
(1944-06-27). "THALASSERY - Personality - C V Narayanan Nair". Thalassery.info. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ Abraham, Santhosh. "COLONIALISM AND THE MAKING OF CRIMINAL CATEGORIES IN BRITISH INDIA" (PDF). Commonlii.org. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-24.  ^ "Official Website Of Information And Public Relation Department Of Kerala". Prd.kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ " Thalassery
Thalassery
celebrates a 'double century'". The Hindu. 2002-03-31. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-15.  ^ Team Thalassery. "THALASSERY - Education - BEMP Higher Secondary school". Thalassery.info. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-22.  ^ Thalassery-Mysore Rail Link: Survey Via Long Route Raises Eye Brows. "The New Indian Express". (16 December 2013). ^ Thalassery-Mysore rail link: Railways to conduct resurvey. The Times of India. (4 September 2012). ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-18.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-26.  ^ " Muzhappilangad
Muzhappilangad
beach fest from April 12 - KERALA". The Hindu. 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ "Welcome to Hindustan Kalari Sangam :: Kalarippayattu ::". Hindustankalari.com. Retrieved 2014-07-22.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 2012-12-10.  ^ "Malayala Kalagramam - renowned centre form arts & Culture at New Mahe, Kannur". Kerala
Kerala
Tourism. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ "Places - Malayala Kala Gramam". Kannur
Kannur
Tourism. 2010-09-09. Retrieved 2016-08-07.  ^ Kurup, K. K. N. (1985). History of the Tellicherry Factory, 1683-1794. Sandhya Publications.  ^ "Only Centre can end Kannur
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Further reading[edit]

Listen to this article (info/dl)

This audio file was created from a revision of the article "Thalassery" dated 2010-08-04, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. (Audio help) More spoken articles

Menon, A Sreedhara (1 January 2007). A Survey Of Kerala
Kerala
History. DC Books. ISBN 978-81-264-1578-6.  Renjith, Moorkoth, ed (2000). Thalassery
Thalassery
Millennium Manual. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Skaria Zacharia, ed. Thalassery
Thalassery
Rekhakal. Kottaym: DC Books. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Thalassery
Thalassery
Arivukal K. M. Govi. Thalassery: Sanjayan Samskarika Vedi, 2011

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Thalassery.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thalassery.

Thalassery
Thalassery
- Land of 3Cs Town:Thalassery The Map of Thalassery
Thalassery
Town:Google Maps

Places adjacent to Thalassery

Kannur(Town) Taliparamba, Kannur
Kannur
district Iritty, Virajpet

Arabian Sea

Thalassery

Kodagu(Coorg) district(Karnataka)

Laccadive Sea, Arabian Sea Mahe, Kozhikode Wayanad

Preceded by Kottayam
Kottayam
Province of Chirakkal Kingdom Tellicherry, Madras Presidency, British India 1 November 1866 according to the Madras Act 10 of 1865 (Amendment of the Improvements in Towns act 1850) Succeeded by Thalassery
Thalassery
taluk, Kerala
Kerala
state, India (States Reorganisation Act, 1956)

v t e

State of Kerala

Capital: Thiruvananthapuram

Symbols

Bird Great hornbill Animal Indian elephant Tree Coconut Flower Golden shower Fish Karimeen

Topics

Arts Culture Demographics Economy Education Film Geography Roads Ports History Flora and Fauna Government Tourism Sports

Districts

Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
KL-01 Kollam
Kollam
KL-02 Pathanamthitta
Pathanamthitta
KL-03 Alappuzha
Alappuzha
KL-04 Kottayam
Kottayam
KL-05 Idukki
Idukki
KL-06 Ernakulam KL-07 Thrissur
Thrissur
KL-08 Palakkad
Palakkad
KL-09 Malappuram
Malappuram
KL-10 Kozhikode
Kozhikode
KL-11 Wayanad
Wayanad
KL-12 Kannur
Kannur
KL-13 Kasaragod
Kasaragod
KL-14

Taluks

Neyyattinkara Kattakada Thiruvananthapuram Nedumangad Chirayinkeezhu Varkala Kollam Karunagappalli Kunnathur Kottarakkara Punalur Pathanapuram Adoor Konni Kozhencherry Ranni Mallapally Tiruvalla Chengannur Mavelikkara Karthikappally Ambalappuzha Kuttanad Cherthala Changanassery Kottayam Kanjirappally Meenachil Vaikom Peermade Udumbanchola Idukki Thodupuzha Devikulam Kothamangalam Muvattupuzha Kunnathunad Kanayannur Kochi Aluva North Paravur Kodungallur Chalakudy Mukundapuram Thrissur Chavakkad Thalapilly Alathur Chittur Palakkad Pattambi Ottapalam Mannarkkad Perinthalmanna Ponnani Thirur Tirurangadi Eranad Kondotty Nilambur Kozhikode Thamarassery Koyilandy Vatakara Vythiri Sultan Bathery Mananthavady Iritty Thalassery Kannur Taliparamba Hosdurg Vellarikundu Kasaragod Manjeshwaram

Municipal Corporations

Thiruvananthapuram Kochi Kozhikode Kollam Thrissur Kannur

Municipalities

Adoor Anthoor Alappuzha Aluva Angamaly Attingal Chalakudy Changanassery Chavakkad Chengannur Cherthala Chittur Tattamangalam Eloor Guruvayur Irinjalakuda Iritty Kalamassery Kalpetta Kanhangad Karunagappalli Kasaragod Kayamkulam Kodungallur Kuthuparamba Kothamangalam Kottakkal Kottarakkara Kottayam Koyilandy Kunnamkulam Malappuram Manjeri Maradu Mattanur Mavelikkara Muvattupuzha Nedumangad Neyyattinkara Nilambur Nileshwaram North Paravur Ottapalam Palai Palakkad Panoor Paravur Pathanamthitta Payyanur Perintalmanna Perumbavoor Ponnani Punalur Shoranur Sreekandapuram Thalassery Taliparamba Tiruvalla Thodupuzha Thrikkakkara Thrippunithura Tirur Vatakara Vaikom Varkala

Other Towns

Parassala Balaramapuram Kattakkada Chirayinkeezhu Kilimanoor Chathannur Kundara Chavara Oachira Sasthamkotta Kunnathur Anchal Pathanapuram Kozhencherry Konni Ranni Mallapally Kumbanad Aranmula Kulanada Omalloor Vadasserikkara Parumala Mannar Charummoodu Ambalapuzha Mararikulam Aroor Kanjirapally Erumeli Mundakayam Vazhoor Karukachal Pampady Puthuppally Kuravilangad Uzhavoor Thalayolaparambu Kaduthuruthy Peermade Vandiperiyar Kumily Rajakkad Munnar Devikulam Adimali Kolenchery Puthencruz Kunnathunad Kalady Malayattoor Chottanikkara Udayamperoor Varapuzha Sreemoolanagaram Nedumbassery Mala Kodakara Pudukkad Manalur Pavaratty Chelakkara Vadakkencherry Alathur Nemmara Puthunagaram Malampuzha Sreekrishnapuram Lakkidi-Perur Thrithala Edappal Tavanur Angadipuram Mankada Kuttippuram Karipur Areekode Wandoor Vengara Vallikunnu Olavanna Kunnamangalam Thamarassery Thiruvambady Kodencheri Balussery Perambra Nadapuram Kuttiyadi Lakkidi Vythiri Chundale Meppadi Kottappadi Muttil Padinharethara Meenangadi Panamaram Pulpally Peravoor Dharmadam Anjarakandi Muzhappilangad Azhikode Cherukunnu Pappinisseri Kaliiasseri Irikkur Alakode Trikaripur Cheruvathur Bekal Udma Vellarikundu Parappa Karadka Kumbala Mangalpady Uppala Manjeshwaram

Historical Regions

Malabar

North Malabar South Malabar

Cochin Venad
Venad
Swarupam (Kingdom of Quilon) Travancore Travancore-Cochin

Portal: Kerala

v t e

Municipalities of Kerala

Thiruvananthapuram

Neyyattinkara Nedumangad Attingal Varkala

Kollam

Paravur Punalur Karunagappally Kottarakkara

Pathanamthitta

Pathanamthitta Adoor Pandalam Thiruvalla

Alappuzha

Alappuzha Kayamkulam Haripad Mavelikkara Chenganoor Cherthala

Kottayam

Kottayam Changanassery Ettumanoor Erattupetta Vaikom Palai

Idukki

Thodupuzha Kattappana

Ernakulam

Muvattupuzha Koothattukulam Piravom Kothamangalam Perumbavoor Angamaly Aluva Kalamassery Thrikkakara Thrippunithura Maradu Eloor North Paravur

Thrissur

Kodungallur Chalakkudy Irinjalakuda Chavakkad Guruvayur Kunnamkulam Wadakkancherry

Palakkad

Palakkad Chittur-Thathamangalam Ottappalam Shoranur Pattambi Cherpulassery Mannarkkad

Malappuram

Malappuram Manjeri Perinthalmanna Ponnani Tirur Kottakkal Nilambur Kondotty Valanchery Tanur Parappanangadi Tirurangadi

Kozhikode

Koyilandy Vatakara Ramanattukara Feroke Mukkam Koduvally Payyoli

Wayanad

Kalpetta Mananthavady Sulthan Bathery

Kannur

Thalassery Kuthuparamba Mattannur Payyannur Taliparamba Anthoor Panoor Iritty Sreekandapuram

Kasaragod

Kasaragod Kanhangad Nileshwaram

v t e

North Malabar
North Malabar
Region

Districts

Kozhikode
Kozhikode
( Vatakara
Vatakara
and Koyilandy
Koyilandy
Taluks) Wayanad
Wayanad
( Mananthavady
Mananthavady
Taluk) Mahe Kannur Kasaragod

Main Towns and Cities

Kannur Thalassery Kozhikode Vatakara Kasaragod Mahe Koyilandy Payyannur Kanhangad Nileshwaram Thaliparamba Kuthuparamba Mattannur Mananthavady Perambra Kuttiyadi Peringome Nadapuram Payyoli Iritty Azhiyur Orkkateri Meppayur Vellikulangara Edakkad New Mahe Pinarayi Mambaram Panoor Vellamunda Thirunelli Edavaka Thavinjal Panamaram Irikkur Kottayam Anjarakkandy Pazhayangadi Trikarpur Manjeswaram Pappinisseri Kalliasseri Cherukunnu Kannapuram Morazha Aroli Pattuvam Sreekandapuram Alakode Cherupuzha Muzhappilangad Azhikode Cheruvathur Mattool

v t e

Kannur
Kannur
district

Corporation

Kannur

Municipalities

Anthoor Iritty Koothuparamba Mattannur Panoor Payyannur Sreekandapuram Thalassery Thaliparamba

Talukas and villages

Thaliparmba

Ramanthali Payyannur Korome Vellur Karivellur Peralam Kankole Alappadamba Eramam Kuttoor Vellora Peringome Perinthatta Vayakkara Cherupuzha Pulingome Thirumeni Udayagiri Thimiri Alakode Vellad Naduvul Eruvassi Payyavoor Sreekandapuram Nediyanga Chengalayi Chuzhali Irikkur Malappattam Chapparapadavu Kooveri Kurumathur Panniyoor Pariyaram Kuttiyeri Taliparamba Anthoor Morazha Pattuvam Mayyil Kayaralam Kolacherry Cheleri Kuttiyattoor Maniyoor

Kannur

Panapuzha Kadannappally Cheruthazham Kunhimangalam Madayi Ezhome Mattool Cherukunnu Kannapuram Kaliiasseri Pappinisseri Azhikode North Azhikode South Narath Kannadiparamba Kattampally Chirakkal Valapattam Puzhathi Pallikkunnu Kannur
Kannur
I Kannur
Kannur
II Elayavoor Chelora Valiyannur Edakkad Munderi Kanhirode Anjarakandi Chembilode Iriveri Peralasseri Mavilayi Makreri Kadambur Muzhappilangad

Thalassery

Thalassery Thiruvangad Kodiyeri New Mahe Chokli Eranholi Kadirur Dharmadam Pinarayi Eruvatty Panniyannur Kariyad Peringathur Peringalam Panoor Mokery Thripangothur Kunnothuparamba Puthur Kolavallur Kottayam Kuthuparamba Pattiam Cheruvanchery Mangattidam Kandankunnu Chittariparamba Mananthery Kannavam Vengad Paduvilayi Pathiriyad Koodali Pattanur Keezhallur Malur Shivapuram Tholambra Kolayad Vekkalam

Iritty

Kottiyoor Kelakam Kanichar Peravoor Manathana Vellarvalli Aralam Ayyamkunnu Payam Villamana Muzhakkunnu Chavasseri Iritty Keezhur Thillankeri Mattannur Pazhassi Kolari Padiyoor Kalliad Ulikkal Nuchiyad Vayathur

See also Places of worship, Educational institutions

v t e

Palakkad
Palakkad
railway division

Headquarters

Palakkad
Palakkad
Junction

Railway lines

Coimbatore– Shoranur
Shoranur
railway line Jolarpettai– Shoranur
Shoranur
line Nilambur– Shoranur
Shoranur
railway line Palakkad–Pollachi line Shoranur–Cochin Harbour section Shoranur– Mangalore
Mangalore
section

Railway stations

Kerala

v t e

Railway stations in Kerala

SR

Thiruvananthapuram

Parassala Neyyattinkara Nemom Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
Central Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram
Pettah Kochuveli Kazhakoottam Chirayinkeezhu Kadakkavoor Varkala
Varkala
Sivagiri Paravur Mayyanad Eravipuram Kollam
Kollam
Junction Perinad Munroturuttu Sasthamkotta Karunagappalli Ochira Kayamkulam
Kayamkulam
Junction Haripad Thakazhy Ambalappuzha Alappuzha Mararikulam Cherthala Thuravoor Mavelikara Chengannur Tiruvalla Changanacherry Kottayam Ettumanoor Vaikom
Vaikom
Road Piravam Road Chottanikkara
Chottanikkara
Road Tripunithura Ernakulam Junction Ernakulam Town Cochin Harbour Terminus Edappally Aluva Chowwara Angamaly Koratty Divine Nagar Chalakudi Irinjalakuda Nellayi Pudukad Ollur Thrissur Punkunnam Guruvayur Mulankunnathukavu Wadakkanchery Mullurkara Vallathol Nagar

Palakkad

Shoranur
Shoranur
Junction Ottapalam Lakkidi Palakkad
Palakkad
Junction Palakkad
Palakkad
Town Kollengode Kanjikode Walayar Angadippuram Tirur Tanur Parappanangadi Ferok Kozhikode West Hill Koyilandy Payyoli Vatakara Nadapuram
Nadapuram
Road Mahe Jaganath Temple Gate Thalassery Dharmadam Edakkad Kannur
Kannur
South Kannur Chirakkal Valapattanam Kannapuram Payangadi Ezhimala Payyanur Thrikaripur Cheruvathur Nileshwar Kanhangad Bekal
Bekal
Fort Kotikulam Kasaragod Kumbla Uppala Manjeshwaram

Madurai

Kilikollur Chandanattop Ezhukone Kundara Kundara
Kundara
East Kottarakara Kuri Auvaneeswaram Punalur Edamann Thenmala Kazhuthurutty Aryankavu

Tamil Nadu

v t e

Railway stations in Tamil Nadu

SWR

Bangalore

Dharmapuri Hosur Palakkodu Rayakottai

SR

Chennai

Arakkonam Junction Chengalpattu Junction Chennai Jolarpettai Junction Kanchipuram Katpadi Junction Maduranthakam Tindivanam

Madurai

Ambasamudram Arumuganeri Aruppukkottai Bodinayakkanur Cheranmahadevi Dhanushkodi (Defunct) Dindigul Junction Karaikudi Junction Kizha Ambur Madurai Manamadurai Junction Palani Pattukkottai Pudukkottai Rajapalayam Ramanathapuram Rameswaram Sholavandan Sivaganga Sivakasi Srivilliputtur Sengottai Tenkasi Junction Thoothukudi Tiruchendur Tirunelveli Junction Tiruttangal Vanchi Maniyachchi Junction Virudhunagar Junction

Palakkad

Madukkarai Pollachi Junction

Salem

Coimbatore Erode Junction Karur Junction Kalangani Kaveri Laddivadi Magnesite Junction Mallur Mettur Dam Mettupalayam Mohanur Namakkal Omalur Junction Perundurai Puduchatram Rasipuram Salem Junction Salem Town Tiruppattur Tiruppur Vangal

Thiruvananthapuram

Eraniel Kanyakumari Kuzhithurai Nagercoil Junction Nagercoil Town Suchindram Viranialur

Tiruchirappalli

Aranthangi Ariyalur Chidambaram Cuddalore Port Junction Kumbakonam Mannargudi Mayiladuthurai Junction Nagapattinam Junction Nidamangalam Junction Panruti Peralam Junction Peravurani Sirkazhi Thanjavur Junction Thirupadiripuliyur Thiruthuraipoondi Junction Thiruvarur Junction Tiruchirappalli Tiruvannamalai Turinjapuram Ulundurpet Vellore Cantonment Velankanni Viluppuram Junction Vriddhachalam Junction

Other

Chennai Metro train stations Nilagiri Mountain Railway train stations

Karnataka

v t e

Railway stations in Karnataka

Indian Railways

SWR

Bangalore

Bangalore City Bangalore Cantonment Bangalore East Bangarapet Kengeri Shrirangapattana Yesvantpur Junction

Hubli

Bagalkot Badami Belagavi Bellary Junction Bijapur Cansaulim Caranzol Castle Rock Curchorem Dabolim Dharwad Dudh Sagar Water Falls Ginigera Junction Gadag Junction Hosapete Junction Hubli Junction Kulem Londa Junction Sanjuje Da Arey Sankval Sonalium Toranagallu Vasco da Gama

Mysore

Kadur Junction Arsikere Junction Ashokapuram Badanaguppe Chamarajanagar Chamarajapuram Chikkamagaluru Chinnadagudihundi Davangere Kadakola Kavalande Konanur Mariyala Gangavadi Mysore Junction Nanjangud Town Narasambudhi Sujathapuram Tandavapura

SCR

Secunderabad

Bidar

Guntakal

Raichur

SR

Palakkad

Mangalore
Mangalore
Central Mangalore
Mangalore
Junction

CR

Solapur

Gulbarga Wadi Junction

Konkan Railways

KAWR

Karwar Thokur Udupi

Namma metro

Namma Metro
Namma Metro
stations

Category Commons

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 132310

.