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Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
GM OSN PB (/ˈtɛnsɪŋ ˈnɔːrɡeɪ/; Sherpa: བསྟན་འཛིན་ནོར་རྒྱས tendzin norgyé; 29 May 1914 – 9 May 1986), born Namgyal Wangdi and often referred to as Sherpa Tenzing, was a Nepali Sherpa mountaineer.[1][2] He was one of the first two individuals known to reach the summit of Mount Everest, which he accomplished with Edmund Hillary on 29 May 1953.[3] Time named him one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.[4]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Mountaineering 3 1952 Swiss Mount Everest
Mount Everest
expedition 4 Success on Mount Everest 5 After Everest 6 Honours 7 Personal life 8 Death 9 Legacy

9.1 Art, entertainment, and media

9.1.1 Literature

9.2 Places 9.3 Animals

10 Notes 11 References 12 External links

Early life[edit] There are conflicting accounts of his early life. The account he gave in his autobiography, accepted for several years, is that he was a Sherpa born and raised in Tengboche, Khumbu, in northeastern Nepal.[5] In an interview with All India
India
Radio in 1985, Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
said that his parents came from Tibet, but that he was born in Nepal.[need quotation to verify][6] According to many later alternate accounts, he was born in Tibet,[7] at Tse Chu in the Kama Valley, and spent his early childhood in Kharta, nearby to the north; Tenzing went to Nepal as a child to work for a Sherpa family in Khumbu.[2][8][9][10][11][12] Khumbu
Khumbu
lies near Mount Everest, which the Tibetans and Sherpas call Chomolungma, which in Standard Tibetan
Standard Tibetan
means "Holy Mother", or the goddess of the summit.[13] Norgay was a Nepalese Buddhist; Buddhism is the traditional religion of the Sherpas and Tibetans. His exact date of birth is unknown, but he knew it was in late May by the weather and the crops. After his ascent of Everest on 29 May 1953, he decided to celebrate his birthday on that day thereafter. His year of birth, according to the Tibetan Calendar, was the Year of the Rabbit, making it likely that he was born in 1914.[5] Norgay was originally called "Namgyal Wangdi", but as a child his name was changed on the advice of the head lama and founder of Rongbuk Monastery, Ngawang Tenzin Norbu.[14] "Tenzing Norgay" translates as "wealthy-fortunate-follower-of-religion". His father, a yak herder, was Ghang La Mingma (d. 1949), and his mother was Dokmo Kinzom (who lived to see him climb Everest); he was the 11th of 13 children, most of whom died young.[5] Tenzing ran away from home twice in his teens, first to Kathmandu
Kathmandu
and later Darjeeling, India, at that time the starting point for most expeditions in eastern Himalaya. He was once sent to Tengboche Monastery to become a monk, but he decided that was not for him and departed.[15] At the age of 19, he eventually settled in the Sherpa community in Toonsong Busty in Darjeeling. Mountaineering[edit]

Statue of Norgay at the Himalayan Mountaineering
Mountaineering
Institute

Mount Everest

Norgay received his first opportunity to join an Everest expedition when he was employed by Eric Shipton, leader of the 1935 British Mount Everest reconnaissance expedition. As a 20-year-old his chance came when two of the others failed their medical tests. As a friend of Ang Tharkay (a Sherpa sirdar who had been on the 1933 British Mount Everest expedition), Norgay was quickly pushed forward, and his attractive smile caught the eye of Shipton, who decided to take him on. Norgay participated as a high-altitude porter in three official British attempts to climb Everest from the northern Tibetan side in the 1930s.[5] On the 1936 expedition, he worked with John Morris. He also took part in other climbs in various parts of the Indian subcontinent. For a time in the early 1940s Norgay lived in the Princely State
Princely State
of Chitral
Chitral
(that later became a part of Pakistan
Pakistan
on partition of India) as batman to a Major Chapman. Norgay's first wife died during his tenure there and was buried there. He returned to Darjeeling
Darjeeling
with his two daughters during the Indian partition of 1947, and managed to cross India
India
by train without a ticket and without being challenged by wearing one of Major Chapman's old uniforms.[5] In 1947, Norgay participated in an unsuccessful summit attempt of Everest. Canadian-born Earl Denman, Ange Dawa Sherpa, and Norgay entered Tibet
Tibet
illegally to attempt the mountain; the attempt ended when a strong storm at 22,000 ft (6,700 m) pounded them. Denman admitted defeat, and all three turned around and safely returned.[5] In 1947, Norgay became a sirdar of a Swiss expedition for the first time, following a magnificent performance in the rescue of Sirdar Wangdi Norbu who had fallen and been seriously injured. The expedition reached the main summit of Kedarnath at 22,769 feet (6,940 m) in the western Garhwal Himalaya
Himalaya
with Norgay being one of the summit party.[16] 1952 Swiss Mount Everest
Mount Everest
expedition[edit] Main article: 1952 Swiss Mount Everest
Mount Everest
expedition In 1952, he took part in the two Swiss expeditions led by Edouard Wyss-Dunant (spring) and Gabriel Chevalley (autumn), the first serious attempts to climb Everest from the southern (Nepalese) side, after two previous US and British reconnaissance expeditions in 1950 and 1951. Raymond Lambert and Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
were able to reach a height of about 8,595 metres (28,199 ft) on the southeast ridge, setting a new climbing altitude record.[17] The expedition opened up a new route on Everest that was successfully climbed the next year. Norgay and Raymond Lambert reached on 28 May the then-record height of 8,600 metres (28,215 ft),[18] and this expedition, during which Norgay was for the first time considered a full expedition member ("the greatest honour that had ever been paid me") [5] forged a lasting friendship between Norgay and his Swiss friends, in particular Raymond Lambert. During the autumn expedition, the team was stopped by bad weather after reaching an altitude of 8,100 metres (26,575 ft). [5] Success on Mount Everest[edit] Main article: 1953 British Mount Everest
Mount Everest
expedition In 1953, Norgay took part in John Hunt's expedition, the latter's seventh expedition to Everest. A member of the team was Edmund Hillary, who had a near-miss following a fall into a crevasse but was saved from hitting the bottom by Norgay's prompt action in securing the rope using his ice axe, which led Hillary to consider him the climbing partner of choice for any future summit attempt.[19] The Hunt expedition totalled over 400 people, including 362 porters, 20 Sherpa guides, and 10,000 lbs of baggage,[20] and like many such expeditions, was a team effort. The expedition set up base camp in March 1953. Working slowly, they set up their penultimate camp at the South Col, at 25,900 feet (7,890 m). On 26 May, Tom Bourdillon and Charles Evans attempted the climb, but turned back when Evans' oxygen system failed. The pair had reached the South Summit, coming within 300 vertical feet (91 m) of the summit.[21] Hunt then directed Norgay and Hillary to go for the summit. Snow and wind held the pair up at the South Col
South Col
for two days. They set out on 28 May with a support trio comprising Ang Nyima, Alfred Gregory, and George Lowe. Norgay and Hillary pitched a tent at 27,900 feet (8,500 m) on 28 May while their support group returned down the mountain. On the following morning Hillary discovered that his boots had frozen solid outside the tent. He spent two hours warming them before he and Tenzing attempted the final ascent, wearing 30-pound (14 kg) packs.[22] The last part of the ascent comprised a 40-foot (12 m) rock face later named the "Hillary Step". Hillary saw a means to wedge his way up a crack in the face between the rock wall and the ice, and Norgay followed.[23] From there, the following effort was relatively simple. They reached Everest's 29,028 ft (8,848 m) summit, the highest point on Earth, at 11:30 a.m.[24] As Hillary put it, "A few more whacks of the ice axe in the firm snow, and we stood on top."[25]

Sir Edmund Hillary
Edmund Hillary
greets Tenzing Norgay, circa 1971.

They spent only about 15 minutes at the summit. Hillary took the famous photo of Norgay posing with his ice-axe, but since Norgay had never used a camera, Hillary's ascent went unrecorded. However, according to Norgay's autobiography Man of Everest,[5] when Norgay offered to take Hillary's photograph Hillary declined – "I motioned to Hillary that I would now take his picture. But for some reason he shook his head; he did not want it".[26][27] Additional photos were taken looking down the mountain, in order to re-assure that they had made it to the top and to document that the ascent was not faked.[28] The two had to take care on the descent after discovering that drifting snow had covered their tracks, complicating the task of retracing their steps. The first person they met was Lowe, who had climbed up to meet them with hot soup. Afterwards, Norgay was met with great adulation in Nepal
Nepal
and India. Hillary and Hunt were knighted by Queen Elizabeth II,[29] while Norgay received the George Medal
George Medal
for his efforts on the expedition.[14][30] It has been suggested that Indian prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru refused permission for Norgay to be knighted.[14]

“ It has been a long road ... From a mountain coolie, a bearer of loads, to a wearer of a coat with rows of medals who is carried about in planes and worries about income tax. ”

— Tenzing Norgay[5]

Norgay and Hillary were the first people to conclusively set foot on the summit of Mount Everest, but journalists were persistently repeating the question: "Which of the two men had the right to the glory of being the first one, and who was merely the second, the follower?" Colonel Hunt, the expedition leader, declared, "They reached it together, as a team."[31] After Everest[edit] Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
became the first Director of Field Training of the Himalayan Mountaineering
Mountaineering
Institute in Darjeeling, when it was set up in 1954.

May (you) climb from peak to peak

In January 1975, with permission of the King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, Norgay served as sirdar (guide) for the first American tourist party allowed into the country.[32][33] Brought together by a company then called Mountain Travel (now called Mountain Travel-Sobek), the group first met Norgay in India
India
before beginning the trek. The official trek began in Paro, northern Bhutan
Bhutan
and included a visit to Tiger's Nest
Tiger's Nest
(Paro Taktsang), the ancient Buddhist monastery, before returning to India
India
via Nepal
Nepal
and Sikkim. Norgay even introduced his group to the King of Sikkim
Sikkim
(the last king of Sikkim, as Sikkim
Sikkim
is now a part of India) and also brought them to his home in India
India
for a farewell celebration.[33] In 1978 Norgay founded Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
Adventures,[34] a company providing trekking adventures in the Himalayas. As of 2003, the company was run by his son Jamling Tenzing Norgay, who himself reached the summit of Everest in 1996.[citation needed] On 10 May 1984 Tenzing Norgay, together with Grp Capt A. J. S. Grewal, Principal of the Himalayan Mountaineering
Mountaineering
Institute, attended the 10th Anniversary celebrations of The School of Adventure, Mysore, Karnataka held at the Mysore
Mysore
Institution of Engineers' auditorium.[citation needed] Honours[edit] In 1938, after Norgay's third Everest expedition as a porter, the Himalayan Club awarded him its Tiger Medal for high-altitude work.[14] On 7 June 1953, it was announced that the newly crowned Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
wished to recognize Norgay's achievements, and on 1 July 10 Downing Street, announced that following consultation with the governments of India
India
and Nepal
Nepal
the Queen had approved awarding him the George Medal.[35][36] He also received, along with the rest of the Everest party, the Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth II
Coronation Medal.[citation needed] In 1953, King Tribhuvan
King Tribhuvan
of Nepal
Nepal
presented him with the Order of the Star of Nepal, 1st Class (Supradipta-Manyabara-Nepal-Tara).[37][38] In 1959, the Government of India
India
awarded him the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award of India.[39] Norgay also received several other decorations through his career.[which?][citation needed] In May 2013, Norgay's grandson, Tashi Tenzing, said he believed his grandfather should have been knighted, not just given "a bloody medal".[40][41] In September 2013, the Government of Nepal
Nepal
proposed naming a 7,916 metres (25,971 ft) mountain in Nepal
Nepal
Tenzing Peak
Tenzing Peak
in Norgay's honour.[42] In July 2015, the highest known, 3.4-kilometer-high, mountain range on the dwarf planet Pluto
Pluto
was named Tenzing Montes.[43] Personal life[edit]

The house in Darjeeling
Darjeeling
where Norgay spent his last years

Norgay was married three times. His first wife, Dawa Phuti, died young in 1944. They had a son, Nima Dorje, who died at the age of four, and two daughters: Pem Pem, whose son, Tashi Tenzing, climbed Everest, and Nima, who married a Filipino graphic designer, Noli Galang. Norgay's second wife was Ang Lahmu, a cousin of his first wife. They had no children, but she was a foster mother to his daughters. His third wife was Dakku, whom he married while his second wife was still alive, as allowed by Sherpa custom (see polygyny). They had three sons (Norbu, Jamling and Dhamey), and one daughter, Deki. Jamling would join Peter Hillary, Edmund Hillary's son, in climbing Everest in 2003 on the 50th anniversary of their fathers' climb. Other relatives include Norgay's nephews Nawang Gombu and Topgay, who took part in the 1953 Everest expedition; his grandsons, Tashi Tenzing, who lives in Sydney, Australia, and Tenzing, Kalden and Yonden Trainor. Tenzing Trainor rose to fame on Liv and Maddie.[5][44] Death[edit]

Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
memorial

Norgay died of a cerebral hemorrhage in Darjeeling, West Bengal, India, on May 9, 1986[7] at age 71.[45] His remains were cremated in the Himalayan Mountaineering
Mountaineering
Institute, Darjeeling, his favorite haunt. His widow Dakku died in 1992.[46] Legacy[edit] Art, entertainment, and media[edit] Literature[edit]

In 2011, Amar Chitra Katha of India
India
published a children's comic book about Tenzing Norgay.[47] Gardner E. Lewis wrote a humorous poem called "Poem — Neither Hilláryous Norgay" (1965), about the pair and their achievement.[48]

Places[edit]

One of the buildings at Everest Court, Mottingham
Mottingham
in Kent, England
England
is named after him. In January 2008, Lukla Airport
Lukla Airport
was renamed Tenzing-Hillary Airport in honour of the pair and their achievement.[49] Tenzing Montes
Tenzing Montes
is the name of an icy mountain range on the surface of Pluto.[50]

Animals[edit]

Red pandas
Red pandas
at several zoos are named in his honour.[51][52][53][54]

Notes[edit]

^ " Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
and the Sherpas of Everest — Sherpa Tenzing Norgay Nepalese Mountaineer- Information on Tenzing Norgay". tenzingasianholidays.com. Retrieved 2 March 2014. [dead link] ^ a b Douglas, Ed (24 December 2000). "Secret past of the man who conquered Everest". The Observer. Retrieved 22 August 2014.  ^ Morris, Jan (14 June 1999). "The Conquerors HILLARY & TENZING". TIME. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ "TIME 100 Persons of The Century". TIME. 6 June 1999. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Norgay, Tenzing & Ullman, James Ramsey (1955). Man of Everest. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) also published as The Tiger of the Snows ^ Sonam G. Sherpa (27 August 2013). " Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
Sherpa's interview, in Tibetan, with All India
India
Radio, Kurersong, India". Retrieved 27 March 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ a b Norgay, Jamling Tenzing; Coburn, Broughton (2002). ""Introduction" written by Jon Krakauer, February 2001". Touching My Father's Soul: a Sherpa's Journey to the Top of Everest. Forward by His Holiness the Dalai Lama. San Francisco, California: HarperSanFrancisco. pp. XVI. ISBN 0062516876. OCLC 943113647. On May 9, 1986, while Jamling was still enrolled at Northland, he received word that his father had abruptly collapsed and died.  ^ "Tenzing Norgay". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
(online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50064.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.) ^ Webster, Ed (2000). Snow in the Kingdom : my storm years on Everest. Eldorado Springs, Colorado: Mountain Imagery. ISBN 9780965319911.  ^ Rai, Hemlata (30 May 2003). "The Fortunate Son" (PDF). Nepali Times. Retrieved 22 August 2014.  ^ Das, Sujoy (6 April 2014). "Sixty years of the dream conquest". The Telegraph, Calcutta. Retrieved 22 August 2014.  ^ "Honours: Honours for Tenzing". 7 October 2014.  ^ Norgay's son (1998). Everest (IMAX ed.).  ^ a b c d Hansen, Peter H. (2004). " Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
[Sherpa Tenzing] (1914–1986)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50064. Retrieved 18 January 2008.  ^ Ortner, Sherry B. (2001). Life and Death on Mt. Everest: Sherpas and Himalayan Mountaineering. Princeton University Press. p. 112. ISBN 0-691-07448-8.  ^ Isserman, Maurice; Weaver, Stewart (2008). Fallen Giants : A History of Himalayan Mountaineering
Mountaineering
from the Age of Empire to the Age of Extremes (1 ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 236. ISBN 9780300115017.  ^ " Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
GM". Imaging Everest. The Royal Geographical Society. Retrieved 21 June 2007.  ^ The Himalayan Database. n.d. p. ???.  ^ "Sir Edmund Hillary". Telegraph. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ "Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing reach the top World news". theguardian.com. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ "Reaching The Top" (PDF). Royal Geographical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2008.  ^ Hillary, Edmund. High Adventure: The True Story of the First Ascent of Everest.  ^ Ascent: Two Lives Explored (The Autobiographies of Sir Edmund and Peter Hillary).  ^ "Environment & Nature News — Everest not as tall as thought – 10/10/2005". Abc.net.au. 10 October 2005. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ "NOVA Online Everest First to Summit (2)". Pbs.org. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ "Asia-Pacific Obituary: Sir Edmund Hillary". BBC News. 11 January 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ Norgay left chocolates in the snow as an offering, and Hillary left a cross that he had been given. ^ "The Photographs". Imagingeverest.rgs.org. 29 May 1953. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ "No. 39886". The London Gazette. 12 June 1953. p. 3273.  ^ Vallely, Paul (10 May 1986). "Man of the mountains Tenzing dies". The Times.  ^ Mcfadden, Robert D. (2008-01-01). "Sir Edmund Hillary, 88, a conqueror of Everest". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-01-18.  ^ Giles, Kea (4 April 2010). "Dragonfly Wars: "Branding Bhutan" — or the story of a "Trek through Time"". Keagiles.blogspot.com. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ a b "Trek through Time". Daily Camera. Boulder, CO. 28 June 1982. pp. 1C, 3C.  ^ "Welcome to the site of Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
Adventures". Tenzing-norgay.com. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ " George Medal
George Medal
for Tensing — Award Approved by the Queen". The Times (52663). London. 2 July 1953. p. 6.  ^ Hansen (2004): "In Britain the queen gave Tenzing the George Medal, a comparatively obscure but high civilian award for gallantry" ^ " Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
photograph". Achievement.org. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ "orders". Royalark.net. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.  ^ "Tenzing 'should have been knighted'". 3 News NZ. 30 May 2013.  ^ "Everest anniversary: Tenzing Norgay's grandson calls for 'gesture' from Britain". The Guardian. 29 May 2013.  ^ "Mount Everest: Hillary and Tenzing to have peaks named after them". The Guardian. 6 September 2013.  ^ "International Astronomical Union - IAU". www.iau.org. Retrieved 27 March 2018.  ^ Norgay, Tenzing & Barnes, Malcolm (1978). After Everest. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ "Tenzing Norgay: Interesting facts about the Mountaineer's Life". India
India
Today. Retrieved 27 March 2018.  ^ "Daku Norgay". orlandosentinel.com. Retrieved 27 March 2018.  ^ "Tenzing Norgay — Amar Chitra Katha". Archived from the original on 5 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015.  ^ Cole, William, ed. (1965). The Fireside Book Of Humorous Poetry. Hamish Hamilton. p. 388.  ^ "Introducing Tenzing Hillary Airport — Travel Blog". World Hum. Retrieved 21 February 2014.  ^ " Pluto
Pluto
Features Given First Official Names". NASA. 7 September 2017. Retrieved 25 September 2017.  ^ "Knoxville Zoo's Red Panda Cubs Officially Named - City of K..." www.knoxvilletn.gov. Retrieved 27 March 2018.  ^ "San Francisco Zoo's Adorable New Red Panda Named "Tenzing"". nbcbayarea.com. Retrieved 27 March 2018.  ^ "Tenzing Norgay's family learns of red panda namesake - Hamilton Zoo". hamiltonzoo.co.nz. Retrieved 27 March 2018.  ^ " Red pandas
Red pandas
now classified as endangered - Hamilton Zoo". hamiltonzoo.co.nz. Retrieved 2017-08-31. 

References[edit]

Tony Astill, Mount Everest
Mount Everest
The Reconnaissance 1935 (2005) George Band, Everest Exposed (2005), an account of the 1953 expedition Tashi Tenzing and Judy Tenzing, Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
and Sherpas of Everest (2003) Ed Webster, Snow in the Kingdom (2000) Ed Douglas, Tenzing: Hero of Everest (2003) Jamling Tenzing Norgay, Touching My Father's Soul (2002)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tenzing Norgay.

Tenzing Norgay, Royal Geographical Society Tenzing Norgay
Tenzing Norgay
Sherpa Foundation Tenzing Norgay, NNDB

v t e

Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan
award recipients (1954–1959)

1954

Homi J. Bhabha Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar Mahadeva Iyer Ganapati Jnan Chandra Ghosh Maithili Sharan Gupt Amarnath Jha Ajudhiya Nath Khosla Kariamanickam Srinivasa Krishnan Husain Ahmad Madani Josh Malihabadi Vaikunthbhai Mehta Vallathol Narayana Menon A. Lakshmanaswami Mudaliar Palden Thondup Namgyal V. Narahari Rao Jamini Roy Sukumar Sen M. S. Subbulakshmi Kodandera Subayya Thimayya

1955

Fateh Chand Badhwar Lalit Mohan Banerjee Suniti Kumar Chatterji Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay V. R. Khanolkar Sunder Das Khungar Rameshwari Nehru Prana Krushna Parija Madapati Hanumantha Rao Maneklal Sankalchand Thacker

1956

Rukmini Devi Arundale Rajshekhar Basu Dhyan Chand Nawab Alam yar jung Bahadur C. K. Nayudu Muthulakshmi Reddi Kanwar Sen Vir Singh K. Srinivasan Mahadevi Varma

1957

Bhikhan Lal Atreya Balasaraswati Alagappa Chettiar Hazari Prasad Dwivedi Abid Hussain Mushtaq Hussain Khan Lakshmi N. Menon Radha Kumud Mukherjee Andal Venkatasubba Rao Shrikrishna Narayan Ratanjankar Shyam Nandan Sahay Govind Sakharam Sardesai K. A. Nilakanta Sastri Basiswar Sen Siddheshwar Varma

1958

Salim Ali Vijaya Anand D. P. Roy Choudhury Jeahangir Ghandy N. S. Hardikar Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar Allauddin Khan K. P. S. Menon A. C. N. Nambiar Kuvempu Poola Tirupati Raju Kamalendumati Shah Rao Raja Hanut Singh Rustom Jal Vakil Surya Narayan Vyas Darashaw Nosherwan Wadia

1959

Sisir Bhaduri Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Ali Yavar Jung Hansa Jivraj Mehta Pammal Sambandha Mudaliar Tiruppattur R. Venkatachala Murthi Tenzing Norgay Bhaurao Patil Dhanvanthi Rama Rau Nirmal Kumar Sidhanta Mysore
Mysore
Vasudevachar Bhargavaram Viththal Varerkar Ghulam Yazdani

# Posthumous conferral

1954–1959 1960–1969 1970–1979 1980–1989 1990–1999 2000–2009 2010–2019

Authority control

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