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Archaeorhizomycetes Neolectomycetes Pneumocystidomycetes Schizosaccharomycetes Taphrinomycetes
Taphrinomycetes

The TAPHRINOMYCOTINA are one of three subdivisions constituting the Ascomycota (fungi that form their spores in a sac-like ascus ) and is more or less synonymous with the slightly older invalid name Archiascomycetes (sometimes spelled Archaeascomycetes). Recent molecular studies suggest that the group is monophyletic and basal to the rest of the Ascomycota.

The Schizosaccharomycetes are yeasts (e.g. Schizosaccharomyces ) that reproduce by fission rather than budding, unlike most other yeasts, many of which are in the subdivision Saccharomycotina .

The Taphrinomycetes
Taphrinomycetes
are dimorphic plant parasites (e.g. Taphrina ) with both a yeast state and a filamentous (hyphal ) state in infected plants. They characteristically infect leaves, catkins, and branches, not roots.

The Neolectomycetes are species in a single genus, Neolecta , which are the only members of the subdivision that form fruiting bodies, and which specifically grow out of root tips. They may have a yeast state (ascospores bud in the asci).

The Pneumocystidomycetes also encompasses only one genus, Pneumocystis, one of which causes Pneumocystis pneumonia in humans. All species infect mammalian lungs and are yeasts .

None has ascogenous hyphae giving rise to the asci.

REFERENCES

* ^ Eriksson, O.E. & K. Winka (1997). "Supraordinal taxa of Ascomycota". Myconet. 1: 1–16. * ^ Lutzoni, F.; et al. (2004). "Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits". Amer. J. Bot. 91 (10): 1446–1480. PMID 21652303 . doi :10.3732/ajb.91.10.1446 . * ^ James, T.Y.; et al. (2006). "Reconstructing the early evolution of Fungi using a six-gene phylogeny". Nature . 443 (7113): 818–822. PMID 17051209 . doi :10.1038/nature05110 .

* The Oregon Coalition of Interdisciplinary Databases: "Archiascomycetes: Early Diverging Ascomycetes"

* v * t * e

Opisthokont
Opisthokont
: True fungi classification, fungal orders

Domain Archaea Bacteria Eukaryota (Supergroup Plant Hacrobia Heterokont Alveolata Rhizaria Excavata Amoebozoa Opisthokonta Animal Fungi )

DIKARYA

Ascomycota (sac fungi)

PEZIZOMYCOTINA

LEOTIOMYCETA

DOTHIDEOMYCETA

* Coniocybomycetes * Lichinomycetes * Arthoniomycetes * Dothideomycetes * Eurotiomycetes * Lecanoromycetes
Lecanoromycetes

SORDARIOMYCETA

* Xylonomycetes * Geoglossomycetes
Geoglossomycetes
* Leotiomycetes * Laboulbeniomycetes * Sordariomycetes

OTHER

* Orbiliomycetes * Pezizomycetes
Pezizomycetes

SACCHAROMYCOTINA

* Saccharomycetes

TAPHRINOMYCOTINA

* Archaeorhizomycetes * Neolectomycetes * Pneumocystidomycetes * Schizosaccharomycetes * Taphrinomycetes
Taphrinomycetes

Basidiomycota (with basidia )

PUCCINIOMYCOTINA

* Tritirachiomycetes * Mixiomycetes
Mixiomycetes
* Agaricostilbomycetes * Cystobasidiomycetes * Microbotryomycetes * Classiculomycetes * Cryptomycocolacomycetes * Atractiellomycetes * Pucciniomycetes

USTILAGINOMYCOTINA

* Monilielliomycetes * Malasseziomycetes * Ustilaginomycetes * Exobasidiomycetes

AGARICOMYCOTINA

HYMENOMYCETE

* Dacrymycetales * Agaricomycetes

OTHER

* Wallemiomycetes * Bartheletiomycetes * Tremellomycetes

ENTORRHIZOMYCOTA

* Entorrhizomycetes

GLOMEROMYCOTA

* Glomeromycetes

Zygomycota (paraphyletic)

MUCOROMYCOTINA

* Mortierellomycetes * Mucoromycetes

KICKXELLOMYCOTINA

* Zoopagomycetes * Kickxellomycetes

ENTOMOPHTHOROMYCOTINA

* Neozygitomycetes * Basidiobolomycetes * Entomophthoromycetes

Zoosporic fungi (paraphyletic)

OLPIDIOMYCOTA

* Olpidiomycetes

BLASTOCLADIOMYCOTA

* Blastocladiomycetes
Blastocladiomycetes

CHYTRIDIOMYCOTA

* Neocallimastigomycetes * Hyaloraphidiomycetes * Monoblepharidomycetes * Chytridiomycetes

Fungal phyla are underlined. See also: fungi imperfecti (polyphyletic group).

TAXON IDENTIFIERS

* Wd : Q133815 * EoL : 10579850 * Index Fungorum : 501471 * ITIS : 610626 * MycoBank : 501471 * NCB

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