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STONE WALLS are a kind of masonry construction that has been used for thousands of years. The first stone walls were constructed by farmers and primitive people by piling loose field stones into a dry stone wall . Later, mortar and plaster were used, especially in the construction of city walls , castles , and other fortifications before and during the Middle Ages . These stone walls are spread throughout the world in different forms. One of the best example is the Cyclopean Wall in Rajgir, India.

CONTENTS

* 1 Materials * 2 Dimensions * 3 See also * 4 References

MATERIALS

Stone walls are usually made of local materials varying from limestone and flint to granite and sandstone . However, the quality of building stone varies greatly, both in its endurance to weathering , resistance to water penetration and in its ability to be worked into regular shapes before construction. Worked stone is usually known as ashlar , and is often used for corners in stone buildings. Granite is very resistant to weathering, while some limestones are very weak. Other limestones, such as Portland stone , are more weather-resistant.

DIMENSIONS

Large structures are usually made of very thick walls, so that castles and cathedrals possess walls which may be up to 12 feet thick. They normally consist of a layered stone exterior and rubble infill. Stone wall around Hammersmith Farm , Newport, Rhode Island , 1968

Wikimedia Commons has media related to STONE WALLS .

SEE ALSO

* Dry-stone wall * Defensive wall * Fieldstone * NIST stone test wall * Stonemasonry

a wall for marking the borders of an estate

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Stonemasonry

TYPES

* Ashlar * Rustication * Carving * Dry stone * Letter cutting * Masonry * Monumental * Rubble * Sculpture * Slipform

MATERIALS

* List of stone * Artificial stone * Brick * Cast stone * Decorative stones * Dimension stone * Fieldstone * Flagstone * Gabion * Granite * Marble * Mortar * Sandstone * Slate

TOOLS

* Angle grinder * Bush hammer * Ceramic tile cutter * Chisel * Diamond blade * Lewis (lifting appliance) * Non-explosive demolition agents * Plug and feather * Stonemason\'s hammer * Straightedge

TECHNIQUES

* Brickwork * Flaming * Flushwork * Knapping * Polygonal masonry * Repointing * Scabbling * Tuckpointing

PRODUCTS

* Hardstone carving * Headstone ( Footstone ) * Mosaic * Sculpture * Stone wall

ORGANIZATIONS

* International Union of Bricklayers and Allied Craftworkers * Master of Work to the Crown of Scotland * Mason Contractors Association of America * Operative Plasterers\' and Cement Masons\' International Association * Worshipful Company of Masons

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* NDL : 00564254

REFERENCES

* ^ "The Cyclopean Wall Rajgir". Travel News India. 2017-03-07. Retrieved 2017-03-09.

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