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St Erth
St Erth
(Cornish: Lannudhno)[1] is a civil parish and village in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is four miles (6.5 km) southeast of St Ives and six miles (10 km) northeast of Penzance.[2] St Erth
St Erth
takes its name from Saint Erc, one of the many Irish saints who brought Christianity to Cornwall
Cornwall
during the Dark Ages, and is at the old crossing point of the River Hayle. The Cornish name of the place derives from St Uthinoch of whom little is known. The parish shares boundaries with Ludgvan
Ludgvan
in the west, Hayle
Hayle
in the north, and St Hilary in the south. The current church of St Erth
St Erth
dates from the 15th century, though an older church is said to have once stood on St Erth
St Erth
Hill overlooking the village. St. Erth also has a railway station situated 0.75 miles from the village, along the branch line between St Ives and Penzance.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Manor houses 1.2 St Erth
St Erth
Sand
Sand
Pits

2 Parish Church 3 Local government 4 Twinning 5 Notable people 6 Further reading 7 References 8 External links

Geography[edit] The old coaching road once led through the village, before the building of the Causeway in 1825 along the edge of the Hayle
Hayle
Estuary. Prior to 1825 anyone wanting to go from Hayle
Hayle
to St Ives or Penzance had to cross the sands of Hayle
Hayle
Estuary
Estuary
or make a significant detour crossing the River Hayle
River Hayle
at the ancient St Erth
St Erth
Bridge. The Star Inn, in St Erth
St Erth
village centre, is a fine coaching inn dating from the fourteenth/fifteenth centuries. It was along this route that tin was carried upcountry from the stannaries of Penwith. Guides took travellers across the sands, but, even with guides, it was sometimes a perilous journey and the shifting sand and racing tide claimed several lives. Because of this major obstacle to trade, a turnpike trust was formed, with Henry Harvey a trustee, to build the causeway which now takes the road below the plantation west to the Old Quay House. Costing £5000 in 1825, the investors charged a toll to use the causeway to recover their costs. Langdon (1896) recorded that six stone crosses existed in the parish, including two in the churchyard.[3] St Erth
St Erth
was the site of a large creamery operated by United Dairies: this was responsible for processing a large quantity of milk produced in Penwith. Manor houses[edit] Trewinnard Manor is an early 18th-century house built on a different site from its medieval predecessor by the Hawkins family. Trelissick Manor is a medieval house remodelled in 1688 for the Jacobite James Paynter, again remodelled in the 18th century and extended in the 19th century. Tredrea Manor is a 17th-century house but it was largely rebuilt c. 1856. The front is of five bays built in ashlar.[4] St Erth
St Erth
Sand
Sand
Pits[edit] St Erth
St Erth
Sand
Sand
Pits was the site of choice for the extraction of clay for the fixing of candles to the helmets of miners. It also was the site of significant fossil finds and in 1962 was designated a Site of Special
Special
Scientific Interest (SSSI).[5] However, the main use of the sand in this location was for the metal foundries throughout Cornwall and beyond. The sand grains are found coated with a thin film of clay. With gentle pressure and the correct percentage of water the sand grains will bind together and can be used for making a sand mould into which molten metals can be poured from making engineering castings. A good source of clay for the fixing of candles to the helmets of miners was St Agnes Beacon. Parish Church[edit]

The cross in the churchtown

The parish church is dedicated to St Erc (Latin Ercus) and is probably of the 14th century. It is not a large church and has a west tower of three stages. There are north and south aisles, the arcade in the north aisle having piers of two different types. The church was restored in 1874, at which time two dormer windows were inserted in the roof. The wagon roof of the south porch is old and the font is Norman and of an unusual square design.[6] The ornate wooden roofs of the nave and aisles and fine oak screen decorated with the Four Evangelists are due to the restoration of 1874.[7][8] The church is sited in a wooded area and the churchyard, according to Charles Henderson, "greatly enhances the building". The names of eight places in the parish are recorded as having chapels or shrines in the medieval registers, including Bosworgey (St Mary Magdalene) and Gurlyn.[9] There are six Cornish crosses in the parish: two are in the churchyard and the others are in the churchtown and at Battery Mill, Tregenhorne and Trevean.[10] Local government[edit] For the purposes of local government St Erth
St Erth
forms a civil parish and elects eleven parish councillors every four years to St Erth
St Erth
Parish Council. The local authority is Cornwall
Cornwall
Council. Twinning[edit] St Erth
St Erth
is twinned with Ploulec'h
Ploulec'h
in Brittany, France.[citation needed] Notable people[edit]

The Rev. William Paynter, (1637 – 1716) Anglican clergyman and Vice-Chancellor
Vice-Chancellor
of Oxford University
Oxford University
was born at Trelissick Walbert, in the parish of St Erth. David Charleston
David Charleston
(1848 in St Erth
St Erth
– 1934) Cornish-born Australian politician, emigrated to Australia in 1884 and in 1901 he was elected to the Australian Senate Major Herbert Augustine Carter
Herbert Augustine Carter
VC (1874 – 1916) son of the vicar of St Erth. Served in two campaigns in East Africa.[11] He is buried at St Erth
St Erth
in a plot planted with tropical plants including laurels and castor oil plants.[12] His Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
is displayed at the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry Museum at Bodmin. Admiral Sir Henry Bernard Hughes Rawlings GBE KCB (1889 in St Erth
St Erth
– 1962) Royal Navy officer, became Flag Officer, Eastern Mediterranean during World War II. Sir John William Frederic Nott KCB (born 1932) former British Conservative Party MP for St Ives from 1966 to 1983, Secretary of State for Defence during the Falkland war, now lives on his farm in St Erth

Further reading[edit]

Tyrrell, Stephen (2012) Trewinnard: a Cornish History. Pasticcio[13]

References[edit]

^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel. Cornish Language Partnership. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN 978-0-319-23148-7 ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Pollard ^ Beacham, Peter & Pevsner, Nikolaus (2014). Cornwall. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12668-6; p. 538 ^ " St Erth
St Erth
Sand
Sand
Pits" (PDF). Natural England. 1986. Retrieved 28 October 2011.  ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. revised by Enid Radcliffe. Penguin; p. 169 ^ "St Erth". Oliver's Cornwall. Retrieved 3 May 2010.  ^ Mee, Arthur
Mee, Arthur
(1937) Cornwall. London: Hodder & Stoughton; p. 213 ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; pp. 92-93 ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard ^ Mee, Arthur
Mee, Arthur
(1937) Cornwall. London: Hodder & Stoughton; p. 213 ^ Mee (1937); p. 250 ^ Trewinnard: a Cornish History

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to St Erth.

Cornwall
Cornwall
Record Office Online Catalogue for St Erth Article on St Erth
St Erth
parish in Genuki

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Bodmin Bude Callington Camborne Camelford Falmouth Fowey Hayle Helston Launceston Liskeard Looe Lostwithiel Marazion Newlyn Newquay Padstow Par Penryn Penzance Porthleven Redruth Saltash St Austell St Blazey St Columb Major St Ives St Just in Penwith St Mawes Stratton Torpoint Truro Wadebridge See also: List of civil parishes in Cornwall

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Summary

Summarised data for all sites (biological and geological)

Cornwall

Aire Point to Carrick Du Baulk Head to Mullion Bedruthan Steps and Park Head Belowda Beacon Boscastle to Widemouth Boscawen Bude
Bude
Coast Caerthillian to Kennack Cameron Quarry Carn Grey Rock and Quarry Clicker Tor Quarry Cligga Head Coverack Cove and Dolor Point Coverack to Porthoustock Crocadon Quarry Crow's Nest Cuckoo Rock to Turbot Point Cudden Point to Prussia Cove De Lank Quarries Duckpool to Furzey Cove East Lizard Heathlands Folly Rocks Gerrans Bay to Camels Cove Godrevy Head to St Agnes Great Wheal Fortune Greystone Quarry Gwithian to Mexico Towans Harbour Cove Hawkstor Pit Hingston Down Quarry & Consols Kennack to Coverack Kingsand to Sandway Point Lidcott Mine Loe Pool Lower Fal & Helford Intertidal Luxulyan Quarry Meneage Coastal Section Mulberry Downs Quarry Mullion Cliff to Predannack Cliff Penberthy Croft Mine Penlee Point Penlee Quarry Pentire Peninsula Polyne Quarry Polyphant Porthcew Porthleven
Porthleven
Cliffs Porthleven
Porthleven
Cliffs East Rame Head
Rame Head
& Whitsand Bay Roche Rock Rock Dunes Rosemullion Rosenun Lane South Terras Mine St Agnes Beacon Pits St Erth
St Erth
Sand
Sand
Pits St Mewan Beacon St Michael's Mount Stepper Point Stourscombe Quarry Swanpool Tater-du Tintagel Cliffs Trebetherick Point Tregargus Quarries Trelavour Downs Tremearne Par Trevaunance Cove Trevone Bay Trevose Head
Trevose Head
and Constantine Bay Viverdon Quarry West Lizard Wheal Alfred Wheal Gorland Wheal Martyn Wheal Penrose Yeolmbridge
Yeolmbridge
Quarry

Isles of Scilly

Castle Down (Tresco) Chapel Down (St. Martin's) Peninnis Head
Peninnis Head
(St. Mary's) Porth Seal (St. Martin's) Porthloo Shipman Head & Shipman Down (Bryher) St Martin's Sedimentary Shore Teän Watermill Cove White Island

Neighbouring areas: Sites of Special
Special
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.