HOME
ListMoto - Springfield, Missouri


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

SPRINGFIELD is the third-largest city in the state of Missouri
Missouri
and the county seat of Greene County . As of the 2010 census, its population was 159,498. As of 2016, the Census
Census
Bureau estimated its population at 167,319. It is one of the two principal cities of the Springfield-Branson Metropolitan Area , which has a population of 541,991 and includes the counties of Christian , Dallas , Greene , Polk , Webster , Stone and Taney . Springfield's nickname is "Queen City
City
of the Ozarks
Ozarks
" and it is known as the "Birthplace of Route 66 ". It is home to several universities, including Missouri
Missouri
State University , Drury University , and Evangel University .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Incorporation * 1.2 Trail of Tears
Trail of Tears
* 1.3 Railroad * 1.4 Name * 1.5 Civil War * 1.6 Wild Bill Hickok
Wild Bill Hickok
shootout * 1.7 Lynching * 1.8 John Gotti * 1.9 Birthplace of Route 66

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate

* 3 Demographics

* 3.1 2010 census * 3.2 2000 census

* 3.3 Neighborhoods

* 3.3.1 Registered * 3.3.2 Affiliated neighborhood groups

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Top employers

* 5 Government * 6 Education * 7 Recreation * 8 Sports

* 9 Culture

* 9.1 Country music
Country music
* 9.2 The Ozark Hillbilly Medallion * 9.3 Museums and other points of interest * 9.4 National Register of Historic Places

* 10 Transportation

* 10.1 Highways

* 10.1.1 History * 10.1.2 Future plans

* 10.2 Airport * 10.3 Trains

* 11 Healthcare * 12 Living conditions * 13 Media * 14 Notable people * 15 Sister cities * 16 See also * 17 Notes * 18 References * 19 Further reading * 20 External links

HISTORY

The land that made up Missouri
Missouri
Territory was included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. The land on which the city stands was previously occupied by the Kickapoo, Delaware, and the Osage Indians. Soon after, the Delaware Native Americans received treaty land where Springfield's Sequiota Park and the antique stores of its Galloway Village now stand. On the southeastern side of the city in 1812, 500 Kickapoo Native Americans built a small village of about 100 wigwams . The Kickapoo abandoned the site in 1828.

INCORPORATION

Missouri
Missouri
became a state on August 10, 1821, and in 1833 the legislature designated most of the south of the state as Greene County in honor of American Revolutionary War General Nathanael Greene , largely through a campaign started in 1829 by Springfield's founder, John Polk Campbell, a Tennessee
Tennessee
homesteader . In 1835, Campbell marked out the original 50 acres of city with lots, streets and a public square. Springfield was officially founded in 1830 and incorporated in 1838.

TRAIL OF TEARS

In 1838, the U.S governments' forcible relocation of the Cherokee
Cherokee
to Indian Territory in Oklahoma passed through Springfield. The route became known as the Trail of Tears
Trail of Tears
due to the thousands of Cherokee deaths on the journey and as a result of the relocation. The Trail of Tears passed through the Springfield area via what is known today as the Old Wire Road . The Trail of Tears
Trail of Tears
National Historic Trail auto tour is along Interstate 44 westward to US 160 and west along US 60 .

The Old Wire Road, then known as the Military Road, served until the mid-1840s as a connection between Springfield and the garrison at Fort Smith, Arkansas . By 1858, the Butterfield Overland Stage began using the road for passage to California. Two years later, the region's first telegraph line was strung along the road and dubbed the Telegraph or Wire Road. The road proved vital during the Civil War, and its most historic connection is to the Battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas. Parts of the road still exist, the most easily accessible within Wilson's Creek National Battlefield.

RAILROAD

The 1849 charter of the Pacific Railroad
Pacific Railroad
, established to construct a line from St. Louis westward across central Missouri, was expanded in 1852 to include a Southwest Branch. But after defaulting on its obligations, the state seized this branch and sold it, creating a new company, the Southwest Pacific Railroad. The initial line through central Missouri
Missouri
was eventually renamed the Missouri
Missouri
Pacific Railroad . Subsequent defaults led to the line toward Springfield being known as the South Pacific Railroad
Pacific Railroad
and the Atlantic ">

NAME

The origin of the city's name is unclear, but the most common view is that it was named for Springfield, Massachusetts . One account holds that James Wilson, who lived in the then unnamed city, offered free whiskey to anyone who would vote for the name Springfield, after his hometown of Springfield, Massachusetts.

But in 1883, historian R. I. Holcombe wrote:

"The town took its name from the circumstance of there being a _spring_ under the hill, on the creek, while on top of the hill, where the principal portion of the town lay, there was a _field_."

The editor of the _Springfield Express,_ Mr. J. G. Newbill, disagreed in the November 11, 1881 issue:

"It has been stated that this city got_ _its name from the fact of a spring and field being near by just west of town. But such is not a correct version. When the authorized persons met and adopted the title of the "Future Great" of the Southwest, several of the earliest settlers had handed in their favorite names, among whom was Kindred Rose, who presented the winning name, "Springfield," in honor of his former home town, Springfield, Tennessee
Tennessee
."

CIVIL WAR

_ This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (August 2017)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_

With the American Civil War imminent and Missouri
Missouri
a border state , Springfield was divided in its sentiments. On August 10, 1861, opposing forces clashed a few miles southwest of Springfield in the Battle of Wilson\'s Creek , the site of the first major conflict west of the Mississippi River, involving about 5,400 Union troops and 12,000 Confederates. General Nathaniel Lyon was killed, the first Union general to die in combat, and the Confederates were victorious. Union troops fell back to Lebanon, then Rolla, and regrouped. When they returned to Springfield, the Confederates had withdrawn.

The First Battle of Springfield , or Zagonyi's Charge, occurred on October 25, 1861. It was the only Union victory that year in southwestern Missouri. The fighting led to increased military activity in Missouri
Missouri
and set the stage for the Battle of Pea Ridge in March 1862, which essentially cemented Union control of the state.

For the next year, possession of the city seesawed. Then on January 8, 1863, Confederate forces under General John S. Marmaduke advanced toward the town square and the Second Battle of Springfield ensued. As evening approached, the Confederates withdrew. The next morning, Marmaduke sent a message to Union forces asking for proper burials for Confederate casualties. The city stayed under Union control until the end of the war.

Two years after the war ended, Springfield National Cemetery was created. The dead of both the North and the South were interred there, though separated by a low stone wall (later removed). In 1960, the National Park Service
National Park Service
, recognizing the 1861 battle's significance, designated Wilson\'s Creek National Battlefield . The 1,750-acre (7.1 km2) battlefield near Republic remains largely unchanged and stands as one of the most historically pristine battle sites in the country.

WILD BILL HICKOK SHOOTOUT

Main article: Wild Bill Hickok – Davis Tutt shootout

On July 21, 1865, Springfield helped give birth to the Wild West era when the town square was the site of the Wild Bill Hickok–Davis Tutt shootout , a "quick-draw" duel between Wild Bill Hickok
Wild Bill Hickok
and Davis Tutt . Two small brass plaques inlaid into the pavement on Park Central Square mark Hickok's and Tutt's locations during the shootout.

LYNCHING

On April 14, 1906, a mob broke into the town jail, then lynched two black men, Horace Duncan and Fred Coker, for allegedly sexually assaulting Mina Edwards, a white woman. Later they returned to the jail and lynched another black man, Will Allen, accused of murder. The victims were hanged and burned by a mob more than 2,000 in the town square. The men were hanged from the Gottfried Tower, which held a replica of the Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
. Judge Azariah W. Lincoln called for a grand jury. The proceedings were covered in both the New York and Los Angeles Times. In the immediate aftermath, two commemorative coins were reportedly issued. Evidence, including testimony from Duncan's and Coker's employer, suggested that all three men were innocent. The lynching sparked a mass exodus of African-Americans, who remain a small minority in Springfield. A plaque on the southeast corner of the square serves as reminder.

JOHN GOTTI

The notorious mobster John Gotti died in Springfield on June 10, 2002, after being transferred from a prison in Marion, Illinois
Marion, Illinois
for health reasons.

BIRTHPLACE OF ROUTE 66

It was in Springfield on April 30, 1926, that officials first proposed the name of the new Chicago-to-Los Angeles highway, leading to its conventional recognition as the "Birthplace of US Route 66 ".

John T. Woodruff of Springfield was elected as the first president of the U.S. Highway 66 Association , organized in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1927. Its purpose was to get U.S. 66 paved from end to end and to promote tourism on the highway. In 1938, Route 66 became the first completely paved United States
United States
Numbered Highway in America—the "Mother Road"—stretching from the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
to the Pacific Coast
Pacific Coast
.

A placard in Park Central Square was dedicated to the city by the Route 66 Association of Missouri, and traces of the Mother Road are still visible in downtown Springfield along Kearney Street, Glenstone Avenue, College and St. Louis streets and on Missouri
Missouri
266 to Halltown. The red booths and gleaming chrome in mom-and-pop diners, the stone cottages of tourist courts and the many service stations along this route saw America fall in love with the automobile. Red\'s Giant Hamburg , said to be the birthplace of the drive-up order window, was on the route.

GEOGRAPHY

Satellite view of Springfield

Springfield is at 37°11′42″N 93°17′10″W / 37.19500°N 93.28611°W / 37.19500; -93.28611 (37.195098, −93.286213), on the Springfield Plateau of the Ozarks
Ozarks
. According to the United States Census
Census
Bureau , the city has a total area of 82.31 square miles (213.2 square kilometres), of which 81.72 square miles (211.7 square kilometres) is land and 0.59 square miles (1.5 square kilometres) (0.7%) is water.

The city of Springfield is mainly flat with rolling hills and cliffs surrounding its south, east, and north sections. Springfield is on the Springfield Plateau, which reaches from Northwest Arkansas to Central Missouri. Most of the plateau is characterized by forest, pastures and shrub-scrub habitats. Many streams and tributaries such as the James River , Galloway Creek and Jordan Creek flow within or near the city. Nearby lakes include Table Rock Lake , Stockton Lake , McDaniel Lake , Fellows Lake , Lake Springfield , and Pomme de Terre Lake . Springfield is near the population center of the United States
United States
, about 80 miles (130 km) to the east.

CLIMATE

Lightning over downtown Springfield

Springfield has four distinct seasons. It experiences an average surface wind velocity comparable to Chicago
Chicago
's, according to information compiled at the National Climatic Data Center
National Climatic Data Center
at NOAA
NOAA
. It is placed within "Power Class 3" in the Wind Energy Resource Atlas published by a branch of the U.S. Department of Energy ; having an average wind speed range of 6.4 to 7.0 miles per hour.

Springfield lies in the northern limits of a humid subtropical climate (_Cfa_), as defined by the Köppen climate classification system. As such, it experiences times of exceptional humidity; especially in late summer. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 32.6 °F (0.3 °C) in January to 78.2 °F (25.7 °C) in July. On average, there are 39 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs, 2.0 days of 100 °F (38 °C)+ highs, 16 days where the high fails to rise above freezing, and 2.5 nights of lows at or below 0 °F (−18 °C) per year. It has an average annual precipitation of 45.6 inches (1,160 mm), including an average 17.0 inches (43 cm) of snow. Extremes in temperature range from −29 °F (−34 °C) on February 12, 1899 up to 113 °F (45 °C) on July 14, 1954.

According to a 2007 story in _ Forbes
Forbes
_ magazine's list of "America's Wildest Weather Cities" and the Weather Variety Index, Springfield is the city with the most varied weather in the United States. One day in May 2013, Springfield started out humid with a high temperature in the 70s and by 3pm saw a thin layer of snow covering the ground.

CLIMATE DATA FOR SPRINGFIELD–BRANSON NATIONAL AIRPORT , MISSOURI (1981−2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1888−PRESENT )

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 76 (24) 84 (29) 92 (33) 93 (34) 95 (35) 101 (38) 113 (45) 108 (42) 104 (40) 93 (34) 83 (28) 77 (25) 113 (45)

MEAN MAXIMUM °F (°C) 65.6 (18.7) 71.1 (21.7) 78.8 (26) 83.7 (28.7) 86.9 (30.5) 92.4 (33.6) 96.9 (36.1) 98.2 (36.8) 92.3 (33.5) 84.2 (29) 75.0 (23.9) 66.3 (19.1) 99.6 (37.6)

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 42.9 (6.1) 48.2 (9) 57.5 (14.2) 67.2 (19.6) 75.3 (24.1) 83.8 (28.8) 88.8 (31.6) 89.0 (31.7) 80.3 (26.8) 69.0 (20.6) 56.7 (13.7) 44.9 (7.2) 67.1 (19.5)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 22.4 (−5.3) 26.1 (−3.3) 35.2 (1.8) 44.3 (6.8) 54.4 (12.4) 63.1 (17.3) 67.6 (19.8) 66.6 (19.2) 57.7 (14.3) 46.5 (8.1) 35.4 (1.9) 25.0 (−3.9) 45.5 (7.5)

MEAN MINIMUM °F (°C) 3.0 (−16.1) 7.2 (−13.8) 16.3 (−8.7) 27.8 (−2.3) 39.3 (4.1) 50.2 (10.1) 57.1 (13.9) 54.6 (12.6) 40.0 (4.4) 29.4 (−1.4) 18.4 (−7.6) 5.0 (−15) −3 (−19)

RECORD LOW °F (°C) −19 (−28) −29 (−34) −8 (−22) 16 (−9) 29 (−2) 42 (6) 44 (7) 44 (7) 30 (−1) 18 (−8) 4 (−16) −16 (−27) −29 (−34)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 2.47 (62.7) 2.52 (64) 3.62 (91.9) 4.32 (109.7) 5.10 (129.5) 4.85 (123.2) 3.68 (93.5) 3.55 (90.2) 4.61 (117.1) 3.59 (91.2) 4.22 (107.2) 3.04 (77.2) 45.57 (1,157.5)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 5.4 (13.7) 3.6 (9.1) 2.4 (6.1) trace 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) trace 0.7 (1.8) 4.9 (12.4) 17.0 (43.2)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.01 IN) 8.2 7.8 10.5 10.5 12.0 10.6 8.4 7.9 7.6 9.5 9.4 8.9 111.3

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.1 IN) 3.5 2.9 1.4 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.7 2.8 11.5

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 68.3 68.5 65.2 64.5 70.7 72.3 70.4 69.5 72.9 68.2 69.6 70.9 69.3

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 167.6 157.4 208.7 236.4 268.0 282.7 321.6 292.1 237.6 217.3 155.1 145.9 2,690.4

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 54 52 56 60 61 64 72 70 64 62 51 49 60

Source: NOAA
NOAA
(relative humidity and sun 1961−1990)

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1850 415

1860 1,235

197.6%

1870 5,555

349.8%

1880 6,522

17.4%

1890 21,850

235.0%

1900 23,267

6.5%

1910 35,201

51.3%

1920 39,631

12.6%

1930 57,527

45.2%

1940 61,238

6.5%

1950 66,731

9.0%

1960 95,865

43.7%

1970 120,096

25.3%

1980 133,116

10.8%

1990 140,494

5.5%

2000 151,580

7.9%

2010 159,498

5.2%

EST. 2016 167,319

4.9%

U.S. Decennial Census
Census
2015 Estimate

2010 CENSUS

As of the 2010 census , there were 159,498 people, 69,754 households, and 35,453 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,951.8 inhabitants per square mile (753.6/km2). There were 77,620 housing units at an average density of 949.8 per square mile (366.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 88.7% White , 4.1% African American , 0.8% Native American , 1.9% Asian , 0.2% Pacific Islander , 1.2% from other races , and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.

There were 69,754 households of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.4% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 49.2% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.81.

The median age in the city was 33.2 years. 18.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 18.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26% were from 25 to 44; 22.7% were from 45 to 64; and 14.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 CENSUS

According to the 2000 United States
United States
Census
Census
, 151,580 people, 64,691 households, and 35,709 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,072.0 people per square mile (800.0/km2). There were 69,650 housing units at an average density of 952.1/mi2 (367.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.69% White , 3.27% African American , 0.75% Native American , 1.36% Asian , 0.09% Pacific Islander , 0.88% from other races , and 1.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.31% of the population.

There were 64,691 households out of which 24.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.82. In the city 19.9% were under the age of 18, 17.4% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,563, and the median income for a family was $38,114. Males had a median income of $27,778 versus $20,980 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,711. About 9.9% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line , including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

NEIGHBORHOODS

Registered

Registered neighborhoods include:

* Bissett * Bradford Park * Doling * Grant Beach * Heart of the Westside * Midtown * Oak Grove * Parkcrest * Phelps Grove * Robberson * Rountree * Tom Watkins * Weller * West Central * Westside Community Betterment * Woodland Heights

Affiliated Neighborhood Groups

Affiliated neighborhood groups unregistered with the city include:

* Cinnamon On The Hill * Cinnamon Square * Cooper Estates * Fox Grape * Kay Pointe * Kingsbury Forest * Lakewood Village * Mission Hills * National Place * Parkwest Village * Parkwood Survival * Quail Creek * Ravenwood South * Sherman Ave Project Area * Spring Creek * Coachlight

ECONOMY

Springfield's economy is based on health care, manufacturing, retail, education, and tourism. With a Gross Metropolitan Product of $13.66 billion in 2004, Springfield's economy makes up 6.7% of the Gross State Product of Missouri.

Total retail sales exceed $4.1 billion annually in Springfield and $5.8 billion in the Springfield MSA. Its largest shopping mall is Battlefield Mall . According to the Springfield Convention & Visitors Bureau, an estimated 3,000,000 overnight visitors and day-trippers annually visit the city. The city has more than 60 lodging facilities and 6,000 hotel rooms. The Convention & Visitors Bureau spends more than $1,000,000 annually marketing the city as a travel destination.

Positronic , Bass Pro Shops , John Q. Hammons Hotels & Resorts, BKD , Noble "> Jordan Valley Park

Springfield city government is based on the council-manager system. By charter, the city has eight council members, each elected for a four-year term on a nonpartisan basis, and a mayor elected for a two-year term. The mayor is Ken McClure. Council members include Phyllis Ferguson (Zone 1), Dr. Thomas Prater (Zone 2), Mike Schilling (Zone 3), Craig Fishel (Zone 4), Jan Fisk (General A), Craig Hosmer (General B), Kristi Fulnecky (General C) and Richard Ollis (General D). Greg Burris, the city manager, appointed by the council to be the city's chief executive and administrative officer, enforces the laws as required by the city charter. The presiding officer at council meetings is the mayor. Council meetings are held every other Monday night in City
City
Council Chambers. City
City
council elections are held the first Tuesday in April.

City
City
Utilities of Springfield (CU) is a city-owned utility serving the Springfield area with electricity, natural gas, water, telecommunications and transit services. CU provides service to over 106,000 customers.

EDUCATION

The Springfield Public School District is the largest district in the state of Missouri
Missouri
with an official fall 2011 enrollment of 24,366 students attending 50 schools. Public high schools include Central High School , Kickapoo High School , Hillcrest High School , Parkview High School , and Glendale High School . Private high schools include Springfield Sudbury School, Summit Preparatory School, Greenwood Laboratory School , New Covenant Academy, Springfield Lutheran School, Springfield Catholic High School , Christian Schools of Springfield, and Grace Classical Academy. View toward Missouri
Missouri
State University's Historic Quadrangle

Springfield has several colleges and universities. Founded in 1905 as the Fourth District Normal School, Missouri
Missouri
State University (MSU) is the state's second largest university with just over 20,000 students. For the seventh consecutive year, MSU was selected for _The Princeton Review_'s 2010 list of "Best Colleges: Region by Region." Drury University is a private university with nearly 5,000 students and consistently ranks in _U.S. News _ Talent Varieties _; and _The Eddy Arnold Show _. All were carried live by ABC except for _Five Star Jubilee_ on NBC
NBC
and were produced by Springfield's Crossroads TV Productions, owned by Ralph D. Foster . Many of the biggest names in country music frequently visited or lived in Springfield at the time. City
City
officials estimated the programs meant about 2,000 weekly visitors and "over $1,000,000 in fresh income."

Staged at the Jewell Theatre (demolished in 1961), _Ozark Jubilee_ was the first national country music TV show to feature top stars and attract a significant viewership. _Five Star Jubilee_, produced from the Landers Theatre , was the first network color television series to originate outside of New York City
City
or Hollywood. Ironically, Springfield's NBC
NBC
affiliate, KYTV-TV (which helped produce the program), was not equipped to broadcast in color and aired the show in black-and-white .

The ABC , NBC
NBC
and Mutual radio networks also all carried country music shows nationally from Springfield during the decade, including KWTO'S _Korn's-A-Krackin'_ (Mutual).

Country music
Country music
legend Conway Twitty died suddenly in Springfield after a show in Branson.

THE OZARK HILLBILLY MEDALLION

The Springfield Chamber of Commerce once presented visiting dignitaries with an "Ozark Hillbilly Medallion" and a certificate proclaiming the honoree a "hillbilly of the Ozarks." On June 7, 1953, U.S. President Harry Truman
Harry Truman
received the medallion after a breakfast speech at the Shrine Mosque for a reunion of the 35th Division . Other recipients included US Army
US Army
generals Omar Bradley
Omar Bradley
and Matthew Ridgway , US Representative Dewey Short , J. C. Penney , Johnny Olson , Ralph Story and disc jockey Nelson King .

MUSEUMS AND OTHER POINTS OF INTEREST

* Air text-align:left; vertical-align:top;">

* History Museum on the Square * Missouri
Missouri
Institute of Natural Science - Riverbluff Cave * Springfield Art Museum * Springfield-Greene County Library District * St. John\'s Episcopal Church * Trail of Tears
Trail of Tears
National Historic Trail * US Route 66 marker * Wild Bill Hickok–Davis Tutt shootout site * Wonders of Wildlife Museum "> Abou Ben Adhem Shrine Mosque
Abou Ben Adhem Shrine Mosque

NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES

For a complete list, see National Register of Historic Places in Springfield, Missouri
Missouri
.

* Abou Ben Adhem Shrine Mosque
Abou Ben Adhem Shrine Mosque
* Ambassador Apartments * Bailey School * Bentley House * Benton Avenue AME Church * Camp Manor Apartments * Campbell Avenue Historic District * Christ Episcopal Church * College Apartments * Commercial Street Historic District * Day House * Fallin Brothers Building * Finkbiner Building * Franklin Springfield Motor Co. Building * Gillioz Theatre * Gottfried Furniture Company Building * Greene County Courthouse * Heer\'s Department Store * Heercleff * Holland Building * Hotel Sansone * Jefferson Avenue Footbridge * Keet-McElhany House * J.E. King Manufacturing Company * Robert B. and Vitae A. Kite Apartment Building * Landers Theatre * Lincoln School * Marquette Hotel * Marx-Hurlburt Building * McDaniel Building * Mid-Town Historic District

* Netter-Ullman Building * D.M. Oberman Manufacturing Co. Building * Old Calaboose * Palace Hotel * Pearl Apartments and Windsor Apartments * Pearson Creek Archeological District * Producers Produce Company Plant * Pythian Castle * Rail Haven Motel * Rock Fountain Court Historic District * Route 66 Steak \'n Shake * St. John\'s Mercy Hospital Building * St. Paul Block * Henry Schneider Building * South Avenue Commercial Historic District * South-McDaniel-Patton Commercial Historic District * Springfield Furniture Company * Springfield Grocer Company Warehouse * Springfield National Cemetery * Springfield Public Square Historic District * Springfield Seed Co. Office and Warehouse * Springfield Warehouse and Industrial Historic District * Stone Chapel * U.S. Customhouse and Post Office * Walnut Street Commercial Historic District * Walnut Street Historic District * West Walnut Street Commercial Historic District * E. M. Wilhoit Building * Edward M. and Della C. Wilhoit House * Wise Feed Company Building * Woods-Evertz Stove Company Historic District

TRANSPORTATION

HIGHWAYS

Springfield is served by Interstate 44, which connects the city with St. Louis and Tulsa, Oklahoma . Route 13 (Kansas Expressway) carries traffic north towards Kansas City
City
. U.S. Route 60 , U.S. Route 65 , and U.S. Route 160 pass through the city.

Major streets include Glenstone Avenue, Sunshine Street (Missouri Route 413 ), National Avenue, Division Street, Campbell Avenue, Kansas Expressway, Battlefield Road, Republic Road, West Bypass, Chestnut Expressway and Kearney Street. Highway 65 leading to I-44

Springfield is also the site of the first diverging diamond interchange within the United States, at the intersection of I-44 and MO-13 (Kansas Expressway) (at 37°15′01″N 93°18′39″W / 37.2503°N 93.3107°W / 37.2503; -93.3107 (Springfield, Missouri
Missouri
diverging diamond interchange) ).

History

U.S. Route 66 and U.S. Route 166 formerly passed through Springfield, and sections of historic US 66 can still be seen in the city. US 166's eastern terminus was once in the northeast section of the city, and US 60 (westbound) originally ended in downtown Springfield. US 60 now goes through town on James River Freeway .

Future Plans

In mid-November 2013, the city began discussing plans to upgrade sections of Schoolcraft Freeway (Highway 65) and James River Freeway (Highway 60) through the city to Interstate 244. The main reason is to minimize confusion should there be an incident on I-44 as a detour route.

AIRPORT

Springfield-Branson National Airport (SGF) serves the city with direct flights to 10 cities. It is the principal air gateway to the Springfield region. The Downtown Airport is also a public-use airport located near downtown. In May 2009, the Springfield-Branson airport opened a new passenger terminal. Financing included $97 million in revenue bonds issued by the airport and $20 million of discretionary federal aviation funds, with no city taxes used. The building includes 275,000 square feet (25,500 m2), 10 gates (expandable to 60) and 1,826 parking spaces. Direct connections from Springfield are available to Atlanta, Charlotte, Chicago, Dallas, Denver, Destin/Ft. Walton Beach, Ft. Myers, Houston, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Orlando, Phoenix and Tampa. No international flights have regular service into Springfield-Branson, but it does serve international charters.

TRAINS

Passenger trains have not served Springfield since 1967, but more than 65 freight trains travel to, from, and through the city each day. Springfield was once home to the headquarters and main shops of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railroad (Frisco) . The Frisco was absorbed by the Burlington Northern (BN) in 1980, and in 1994 the BN merged with the Santa Fe, creating the current Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF) Railway. BNSF has three switch yards (two small) in Springfield. Mainlines to and from Kansas City, St. Louis, Memphis and Tulsa converge at the railroad's yard facility in the northern part of the city. In October 2006, BNSF announced plans to upgrade its Tulsa and Memphis mainlines into Springfield to handle an additional four to six daily intermodal freight trains between the West Coast and the Southeast. The Missouri
Missouri
and Northern Arkansas Railroad also operates several miles of (former Missouri
Missouri
Pacific ) industrial track within the city.

HEALTHCARE

The entrance to the United States
United States
Medical Center for Federal Prisoners

Springfield is a regional medical center with six hospitals and more than 2,200 beds. The city's health care system offers every specialty listed by the American Medical Association . Two of the top 100 hospitals in the U.S. ( CoxHealth and Mercy Health System) are in Springfield, and both are in the midst of expansion projects. The industry employs 30,000 people in the Springfield metro area. The United States
United States
Medical Center for Federal Prisoners , one of six federal institutions designed to handle federal inmates' medical concerns, is at the corner of W. Sunshine Street and Kansas Expressway.

LIVING CONDITIONS

In 2008, America\'s Promise Alliance ranked Springfield among its "100 Best Communities for Young People" for the third year in a row, and on June 11, 2009, Next Generation Consulting ranked Springfield 17th on its "Next Cities" list. In 2008 _ Best Life _ ranked Springfield the 10th worst city in the nation in which to raise a family, using information from the U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, National Center for Education Statistics, FBI, American Alliance of Museums, National Center for Health Statistics, and American Bar Association.

In 2007, The Milken Institute ranked Springfield as a "Best Performing City" for creating and sustaining jobs, and _Expansion Management_ magazine listed Springfield among "Top 20 Mid-Sized Metros for Recruitment and Attraction." Also that year, the World Health Organization designated Springfield as a "Safe Community"; and in 2008, Worldwide ERC named Springfield among "The Best Cities for Relocating Families."

MEDIA

The city's major daily newspaper is the _ Springfield News-Leader _. Other newspapers for Springfield include _Daily Events_ (daily), _Community Free Press_ (bi-weekly), _Springfield Business Journal_ (weekly), _The Standard_ (weekly), and _TAG Magazine_ (monthly).

Television stations broadcast in Springfield include KYTV (NBC/Weather), KGHZ
KGHZ
(ABC), KCZ-TV (CW), KOLR
KOLR
(CBS), KOZK (PBS/Create/OPT), KRBK (FOX/MeTV), KOZL (independent, MyNetworkTV), KWBM (Daystar), KRFT (Mundo/TNN/RETRO TV). The Springfield Designated Market Area (SPR-DMA) is the 75th largest in the United States. The area is composed of 31 counties in southwest Missouri
Missouri
and Arkansas. There are 423,010 television-owning households.

The radio stations received in Springfield are:

* KGBX-FM * KADI-FM * KKLH-FM * KOMG-FM * KOSP-FM * KQRA-FM * KSCV-FM * KSGF-FM * KSMU-FM * KSPW-FM

* KTOZ-FM * KTTS-FM * KTXR-FM * KWFC-FM * KWND-FM * KWTO-FM * KXUS-FM

* KWTO (AM) * KBNN-AM * KSWM-AM * KBFL-AM * KSGF-AM * KICK * KGMY-AM * KMRF-AM * KRZD

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Main article: List of people from Springfield, Missouri
Missouri

SISTER CITIES

* Isesaki
Isesaki
, Japan
Japan
* Tlaquepaque , Jalisco
Jalisco
, Mexico
Mexico

SEE ALSO

* Missouri
Missouri
portal

* List of tallest buildings in Springfield, Missouri
Missouri
* The Springfield Three * Tiny Town

NOTES

* ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. * ^ Official records for Springfield were kept at downtown from January 1888 to December 1939, Downtown Airport from January 1940 to July 1940, and at Springfield–Branson National Airport since August 1940. For more information, see ThreadEx.

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-07-08. * ^ _A_ _B_ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved 2012-07-08. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. * ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States
United States
Geological Survey . 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. * ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. * ^ _A_ _B_ "History of Greene County, Missouri". _Thelibrary.springfield.missouri.org_. Retrieved 2017-04-28. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Springfield Missouri
Missouri
Travel & Tourism - Ozarks/Midwest Vacations". 2013-12-29. Retrieved 2017-08-11. * ^ Dark, Phyllis & Harris. _Springfield of the Ozarks: An Illustrated History._ Windsor Publications, 1981. ISBN 0-89781-028-7 . * ^ " Ozarks
Ozarks
Afro-American History Museum Online Springfield: April 14, 1906 · Lynchings and Exodus". _oaahm.omeka.net_. Retrieved 2016-10-31. * ^ "Historic Joplin » Blog Archive » 105th Anniversary of Springfield\'s \'Easter Offering\'". _www.historicjoplin.org_. Retrieved 2016-10-31. * ^ Raab, Selwyn (2002-06-11). " John Gotti Dies in Prison at 61; Mafia Boss Relished the Spotlight". _The New York Times_. ISSN 0362-4331 . Retrieved 2016-10-31. * ^ "preservation issues: Route 66 Celebrates 66th!" (PDF). dnr.mo.gov. 1992-05-06. Retrieved 2010-07-30. * ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census
Census
Bureau . 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. * ^ " Missouri
Missouri
Breeding Bird Atlas 1986 - 1992: The Natural Divisions of Missouri". Mdc.mo.gov. Retrieved 2010-10-21. * ^ "Wind- Average Wind Speed- (MPH)". 2011-03-03. Retrieved 2017-08-11. * ^ "Wind Energy Resource Atlas of the United States". RREDC - NREL. 1986. Retrieved 15 March 2011. * ^ "Average Relative Humidity(%)". NCDC - NOAA. 2001. Retrieved 15 March 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ "NowData - NOAA
NOAA
Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 2016-09-07. * ^ Van Riper, Tom (2007-07-20). "In Pictures: America\'s Wildest Weather Cities: No. 9: Most Variety (biggest variations in temperature, precipitation, wind), Springfield, Mo.". _Forbes_. Archived from the original on 2016-03-10. * ^ Haugland, Matt (1998). "Cities with most weather variety". Weather Pages. Retrieved 15 March 2011. * ^ "Station Name: MO SPRINGFIELD" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2016-09-07. * ^ "WMO Climate Normals for SPRINGFIELD/REGIONAL AP MO 1961–1990" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-11. * ^ United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . " Census
Census
of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 10, 2013. * ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved June 16, 2016. * ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-02. Retrieved 2013-03-02. * ^ "Our Community". Coxhealth.com. 2006-09-30. Retrieved 2010-06-08. * ^ "The Role of Metro Areas in the U.S. Economy" (PDF). _U.S. Conference of Mayors_. March 2006. p. 119. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-12-16. Retrieved 2009-12-26. * ^ "Springfield Business Development Corporation". Business4springfield.com. Retrieved 2010-06-08. * ^ "Major Employers Springfield Regional Economic Partnership". _Springfieldregion.com_. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2017-04-28. * ^ "Springfield now largest Missouri
Missouri
school district". _Springfield News-Leader_. 2011-12-14. * ^ "History of the University". 6 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-18. * ^ Miller, Mark (2010-09-28). "Drury University\'s fall 2010 census reveals record enrollment". _Drury.edu_. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. * ^ "Drury University: Quick Stats". Drury.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-08. * ^ "New students, new spaces at OTC this fall". Otc.edu. Retrieved 2010-06-08. * ^ "SBU-Springfield Campus]". Retrieved 2017-04-28. * ^ Edge, John T., _ Missouri
Missouri
Chinese: Two Cultures Claim This Chicken_, March 10, 2009, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/11/dining/11cashew.html * ^ "First Friday Art Walk – Springfield, MO ". _Ffaw.org_. Retrieved 2017-04-28. * ^ " Missouri
Missouri
Literary Festival, Springfield". _Missouriliteraryfestival.org_. Retrieved 2017-04-28. * ^ Dessauer, Phil "Springfield, Mo.-Radio City
City
of Country Music" (April, 1957), _Coronet _, p. 152 * ^ "'Jubilee' Turning to Color TV" (April 30, 1961), _Springfield Leader-Press _ * ^ Dessauer, Phil "Springfield, Mo.-Radio City
City
of Country Music" (April, 1957), _Coronet _, p. 151 * ^ "First C&W Deejay Conclave" (June 23, 1956), _The Billboard _, p. 40 * ^ "MCPF Springfield." Federal Bureau of Prisons . Retrieved on May 20, 2010. * ^ "Americas Promise Alliance - 100 Best Communities Past Winners". Americaspromise.org. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2010-06-08. * ^ "Ranks Hotspots for Young Professionals to Live and Work in the U.S.". Next Generation Consulting. 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2010-06-08. * ^ "Style, Love, Home, Horoscopes & more - MSN Lifestyle". _Lifestyle.msn.com_. 2017-03-20. Retrieved 2017-04-28. * ^ "Milken Institute - Best Cities Index 2007". _Bestcities.milkeninstitute.org_. Retrieved 2017-04-28. * ^ "IndustryWeek - Leadership In Manufacturing" (PDF). Expansion Management. Retrieved 2010-06-08. * ^ "WHO Collaborating Centre on Community Safety Promotion". Phs.ki.se. 2008-06-13. Retrieved 2010-06-08. * ^ "Best Cities for Relocating Families" (PDF). Worldwide Employee Relocation Council. 2008. Retrieved 2010-10-21. * ^ "Sportstvjobs.com". _Sportstvjobs.com_. Retrieved 2017-04-28. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Interactive City
City
Directory". _Sister Cities International _. Retrieved 11 March 2014.

FURTHER READING

* McIntyre, Stephen L., ed. _Springfield's Urban Histories: Essays on the Queen City
City
of the Missouri
Missouri
Ozarks_ (Springfield: Moon City Press, 2012) 352 pp.

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to SPRINGFIELD, MISSOURI _.

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for SPRINGFIELD (MISSOURI) _.

.