Spreewald (German for "
Spree Woods"; in Lower Sorbian: Błota) is
a picturesque section of the German state of Brandenburg located about
100 km south-east of Berlin.
Spreewald was designated a biosphere
UNESCO in 1991. It is known for its traditional irrigation
system, consisting of more than 200 small canals (called "Fließe";
total length: 1,300 km ) within the 484-square-kilometre
(187 sq mi) area. The landscape was shaped during the
Alder forests on wetlands and pine forests on sandy dry areas
are characteristic for the region. Grasslands and fields can be found
5 See also
6 External links
Historical housing at Lehde (a district of Lübbenau)
About 50,000 people live in the biosphere reserve (1998). Many of them
are descendants of the first settlers in the
Spreewald region, the
Slavic tribes of the Sorbs/Wends. They have preserved their
traditional language, customs and clothing to this day.
People mostly depend on tourism. Many tourists enjoy the exploration
Spreewald in punts. Agriculture, forestry and fishery are other
important sources of income. The principal town of the area is
Spreewald gave its name to the following German districts:
About 18,000 species of flora and fauna have been counted. In 1991,
Spreewald was designated a
UNESCO "Biosphärenreservat" (Man and
Biosphere Reserve Programme).
Spreewald is known as a tourist destination and is known
Germany for the production of natural organic products. The
tourism and economic demarcation of the
Spreewald is thus much more
difficult than its geographical extension. Due to its popularity and
the associated advantage, the borders of the
Spreewald tourism and
business area have increasingly extended from the actual natural space
of the Spreewald. Especially for the regional food industry the
Spreewald was created, which is much larger than the
real Spreewald. This economic area is protected as a geographical
indication within the EU. Before the legal protection of the space
there were several court disputes over the designation
Wendish girls in Easter dresses, April 1930.
Traditional costume, c. 1948
"Greetings from Spreewald": a postcard from 1899
A tourist boat on a
Spreewald canal in Lübbenau-Lehde
Typical flat bottomed river boat in Spreewald
Postal service at Lehde
Behind the alder tree is a haystack with the typical supporting post.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spreewald.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Spreewald.
"Spreewald". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.).
Spreewald Guide - your Guide for the
Information about country, people and tourism in the
Cycling-trip through the
Spreewald – with many Pictures
Biosphere reserves in Germany
Vesser Valley Thuringian Forest
Coordinates: 51°54′50″N 13°55′35″E / 51.91389°N