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The Spree
Spree
(German: [ˈʃpʁeː] ( listen); Sorbian: Sprjewja, Czech: Spréva) is a river that flows through the Saxony, Brandenburg
Brandenburg
and Berlin
Berlin
states of Germany, and in the Ústí nad Labem region of the Czech Republic. Approximately 400 kilometres (250 mi) in length, it is a left bank tributary of the River Havel, which itself flows into the Elbe
Elbe
and then the North Sea. It is the river on which the original centre of Berlin
Berlin
was built. The reach of the river between the Dämeritzsee
Dämeritzsee
and Müggelsee
Müggelsee
to the east of Berlin
Berlin
is known as the Müggelspree ( listen (help·info)).

Contents

1 Course 2 Navigation 3 Etymology 4 Berlin
Berlin
Wall 5 Images 6 References 7 External links

Course[edit]

Course of Spree
Spree
River
River
with its natural and artificial affluents and branches. in addition the canals joining the Spree
Spree
& Havel
Havel
river system to Oder
Oder
River

The source of the Spree
Spree
is located in Neugersdorf, Germany, in the Lusatian Highlands
Lusatian Highlands
(Lausitzer Bergland) near the Czech border. It runs on the border for a short distance at two points (near Ebersbach and Oppach) before leaving the hills and passing through the old city of Bautzen/Budyšin, the center of the Sorbs
Sorbs
in Upper Lusatia. Just to the north of Bautzen
Bautzen
the river flows through the Bautzen
Bautzen
Reservoir. Further north the river passes through the city of Spremberg
Spremberg
and the Spremberg
Spremberg
Reservoir before reaching the city of Cottbus. To the north of Cottbus
Cottbus
the river enters the Spreewald, a large wetlands area in Lower Lusatia.[citation needed] In the Spreewald
Spreewald
the river passes through the towns of Lübbenau, Lübben
Lübben
and Leibsch. Just below Leibsch, the Dahme Flood Relief Canal diverts water from the Spree
Spree
to run into the River
River
Dahme at Märkisch Buchholz. The Spree
Spree
continues north from Leibsch
Leibsch
before flowing into the Neuendorfer See at the northern edge of the Spreewald. From the Neundorfer See it then flows in an easterly direction to the Schwielochsee, and then in a northerly and westerly direction to the town of Fürstenwalde. From Fürstenwalde
Fürstenwalde
the river continues to flow westwards, through the Dämeritzsee
Dämeritzsee
and Müggelsee, to Köpenick
Köpenick
in the southeastern part of Berlin, where it is joined by its tributary, the River
River
Dahme.[1] The final reach of the Spree
Spree
is where it is best known. It flows through the city centre of Berlin
Berlin
to join the River
River
Havel
Havel
in Spandau, one of Berlin’s western boroughs, which itself ultimately merges with the Elbe
Elbe
to enter the sea in Cuxhaven, after flowing through Hamburg. On its route through Berlin, the river passes Berlin Cathedral (Berliner Dom), the Reichstag and the Schloss Charlottenburg. The renowned Museum Island
Museum Island
(Museumsinsel), with its collection of five major museums, is actually an island in the Spree. The Badeschiff
Badeschiff
is a floating swimming pool moored in the Spree.[1][2] Navigation[edit] Small craft, such as punts, are widely used in wetlands of the Spreewald. Larger craft can reach as far upstream as Leibsch, although the upper reaches are relatively shallow and are generally only used by leisure craft. Some intermediate reaches are unnavigable and by-passed by canals.[1] For a stretch of about 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of and flowing through Fürstenwalde, the river forms part of the Oder-Spree
Oder-Spree
Canal. On this reach, and on the reach west of the confluence with the River Dahme at Köpenick, the river forms part of secondary commercially link between Berlin
Berlin
and the River
River
Oder
Oder
and hence Poland.[1] The canal diverges from the Spree
Spree
just east of Fürstenwalde
Fürstenwalde
and later joins the River
River
Dahme at the (lake) Seddinsee. In Berlin, the Spree
Spree
forms part of a dense network of navigable waterways, many of which are artificial, and which provide a wide choice of routes. Several important commercial harbours can be found on this network, and tugs and barges move sand, grain, bricks, and beer. Tour boats tour the central section of the Spree
Spree
and its adjoining waterways on a frequent basis.[1][3] Etymology[edit] The name of the river Spree
Spree
was recorded by Thietmar of Merseburg
Thietmar of Merseburg
as Sprewa (either from Middle German sprejen, sprewen, High German sprühen meaning to spray water, or rather from spreizen meaning to spread, referring to the numerous bifurcations). People living at the Spree
Spree
river (Anwohner) were in old German language (and are still) called Spreewaner.[citation needed] The river gives its name to several German districts:

Spree-Neiße Oder-Spree

Berlin
Berlin
Wall[edit] Further information: Deaths at the Berlin
Berlin
Wall Many people died in the Spree
Spree
during the Cold War while trying to cross the Berlin
Berlin
Wall, including children who drowned with rescuers not allowed to enter the river to save them. Images[edit]

Spree
Spree
in Bautzen

Spree
Spree
north of Bautzen

Spree
Spree
in the Spreewald

Spree
Spree
in central Berlin, with Oberbaum Bridge

Bode Museum
Museum
at the tip of Museum Island
Museum Island
in the Spree

Spree
Spree
with Berlin
Berlin
Hauptbahnhof & the entrance of a canal

References[edit]

^ a b c d e Sheffield, Barry (1995). Inland Waterways of Germany. St Ives: Imray Laurie Norie & Wilson. pp. 113–122. ISBN 0-85288-283-1.  ^ James, Kyle. "A Pool with a View". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 2010-05-15.  ^ Gawthrop, John; Williams, Christian (2008). The Rough Guide to Berlin. London
London
- New York - Delhi: Rough Guides. pp. 28–29. ISBN 978-1-85828-382-1. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Spree.

Berlin
Berlin
Referendum Animation - Short article on the Mediaspree referendum Panorama Spree
Spree
- Panoramic view of the river in Berlin  "Spree". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 248529

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