SUB-BITUMINOUS COAL is a type of coal whose properties range from those of lignite to those of bituminous coal and are used primarily as fuel for steam-electric power generation .
* 1 Properties * 2 Reserves * 3 Current use * 4 See also * 5 References
Sub-bituminous coals may be dull, dark brown to black, soft and crumbly at the lower end of the range, to bright jet-black , hard , and relatively strong at the upper end. They contain 15-30% inherent moisture by weight and are non-coking (undergo little swelling upon heating). The heat content of sub-bituminous coals range from 8300 to 11,500 BTu /lb or 19.3 to 26.7 M J /kg . Their relatively low density and high water content renders some types of sub-bituminous coals susceptible to spontaneous combustion if not packed densely during storage in order to exclude free air flow.
Sub-bituminous coals, in the United States , typically have a sulfur content less than 1% by weight , which makes them an attractive choice for power plants to reduce SO2 emissions under the Acid Rain Program .
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