1,577 mm (62 in)
Avg. annual temperature
17 °C (63 °F)
Avg. summer temperature
22 °C (72 °F)
Avg. winter temperature
7 °C (45 °F)
Shimla (English: /ˈʃɪmlə/;
Hindi: [ˈʃɪmlaː] ( listen)), also known as Simla,
is the capital and the largest city of the northern Indian state of
Shimla is also a district which is bounded by Mandi
Kullu in the north,
Kinnaur in the east, the state of Uttarakhand
in the south-east, and
Solan and Sirmaur. In 1864,
Shimla was declared
as the summer capital of British India, succeeding Murree, northeast
of Rawalpindi. After independence, the city became the capital of
Punjab and was later named the capital of Himachal Pradesh. It is the
principal commercial, cultural and educational centre of the hilly
regions of the state.
Small hamlets were recorded prior to 1815 when British forces took
control of the area. The climatic conditions attracted the British to
establish the city in the dense forests of Himalayas. As the summer
Shimla hosted many important political meetings including the
Simla Accord of 1914 and the
Simla Conference of 1945. After
independence, the state of
Himachal Pradesh came into being in 1948 as
a result of integration of 28 princely states. Even after
independence, the city remained an important political centre, hosting
Simla Agreement of 1972. After reorganisation of state of Himachal
Pradesh, the existing Mahasu district was named Shimla. Its name is
derived from the goddess Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of the Hindu
goddess Kali.
Shimla is home to a number of buildings that are styled in the
Tudorbethan and neo-Gothic architectures dating from the colonial era,
as well as multiple temples and churches. The colonial architecture
and churches, the temples and the natural environment of the city
attracts tourists. Attractions include the Viceroy Lodge, the Christ
Jakhoo Temple, the Mall Road and the Ridge, which together
form the city centre. The
Kalka–Shimla Railway line built by the
UNESCO World Heritage Site, is also a major tourist
attraction. Owing to its steep terrain,
Shimla hosts the mountain
biking race MTB Himalaya, which started in 2005 and is regarded as the
biggest event of its kind in South Asia.
Shimla also has the largest
natural ice skating rink in South Asia. Apart from being a tourism
centre, the city is also an educational hub with a number of colleges
and research institutions.
5 Civic administration
9 Places of interest
11 Media and communications
12 Notable people born in Shimla
13 Notable people educated in Shimla
15 Sister cities
16 See also
18 External links
Most of the area occupied by present-day
Shimla city was dense forest
during the 18th century. The only civilisation was the
and a few scattered houses. The area was called 'Shimla', named
Hindu goddess, Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of Kali.
The bridge connecting
Shimla with Chhota Shimla, originally erected in
1829 by Lord Combermere, Shimla, 1850s
The area of present-day
Shimla was invaded and captured by Bhimsen
Nepal in 1806. The British East
India Company took control of
the territory as per the
Sugauli Treaty after the Anglo-Nepalese War
(1814–16). The Gurkha leaders were quelled by storming the fort of
Malaun under the command of David Ochterlony in May 1815. In a diary
entry dated 30 August 1817, the Gerard brothers, who surveyed the
Shimla as "a middling-sized village where a fakir is
situated to give water to the travellers". In 1819, Lieutenant Ross,
the Assistant Political Agent in the Hill States, set up a wood
cottage in Shimla. Three years later, his successor and the
Scottish civil servant
Charles Pratt Kennedy built
the first pucca house in the area in 1822, near what is now the
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly building. The accounts of the
Britain-like climate started attracting several British officers to
the area during the hot Indian summers. By 1826, some officers had
started spending their entire vacation in Shimla. In 1827, Lord
Amherst, the Governor-General of Bengal, visited
Shimla and stayed in
the Kennedy House. A year later, Lord Combermere, the
Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in India, stayed at the same
residence. During his stay, a three-mile road and a bridge were
constructed near Jakhu. In 1830, the British acquired the surrounding
land from the chiefs of
Patiala in exchange for the Rawin
pargana and a portion of the Bharauli pargana. The settlement grew
rapidly after this, from 30 houses in 1830 to 1,141 houses in
Shimla saw its first political meeting: between the
Governor-General William Bentinck and the emissaries of Maharaja
Ranjit Singh. In a letter to Colonel Churchill, he wrote:
Shimla is only four days march from Loodianah (Ludhiana), is easy of
access, and proves a very agreeable refuge from the burning plains of
19th century sketch of the ancient
Combermere's successor Earl Dalhousie visited
Shimla in the same year.
After this, the town saw regular visits from the Governors General and
Commanders-in-Chief of British India. A number of young British
officers started visiting the area to socialise with the higher-ups;
they were followed by ladies looking for marriage alliances for their
Shimla thus became a hill station famous for balls, parties
and other festivities. Subsequently, residential schools for pupils
from upper-class families were established nearby. By the late 1830s,
the city also became a centre for theatre and art exhibitions. As the
population increased, a number of bungalows were built and a big
bazaar was established in the town. The Indian businessmen, mainly
from Sood[disambiguation needed] and
Parsi communities, arrived in the
area to cater to the needs of the growing European population. On 9
September 1844 the foundation of the Christ Church was laid.
Subsequently, several roads were widened and the construction of the
Hindustan-Tibet road with a 560-feet tunnel was taken up in 1851–52.
This tunnel, now known as the Dhalli Tunnel, was started by a Major
Briggs in 1850 and completed in the winter of 1851–52. The 1857
uprising caused a panic among the European residents of the town, but
Shimla remained largely unaffected by the rebellion.
In 1863, the Viceroy of India, John Lawrence, decided to shift the
summer capital of the
British Raj to Shimla. He took the trouble of
moving the administration twice a year between
Calcutta and this
separate centre over 1,000 miles away, despite the fact that it was
difficult to reach. Lord Lytton (Viceroy of
India 1876–1880) made
efforts to plan the town from 1876, when he first stayed in a rented
house, but began plans for a Viceregal Lodge, later built on
Observatory Hill. A fire cleared much of the area where the native
Indian population lived (the "Upper Bazaar" nowadays known as the
Ridge), and the planning of the eastern end to become the centre
of the European town forced them to live in the Middle and Lower
Bazaars on the lower terraces descending the steep slopes from the
Ridge. The Upper Bazaar was cleared for a town hall, with many
facilities such as library and theatre, as well as offices for police
and military volunteers as well as municipal administration.
During the "Hot Weather",
Shimla was also the Headquarters of the
Commander-in-Chief, India, the head of the Indian Army, and many
Departments of the Government. The summer capital of the regional
Government of the Punjab moved from Murree, in modern-day Pakistan, to
Shimla in 1876. They were joined by many of the British wives and
daughters of the men who remained on the plains. Together these formed
Shimla Society, which, according to Charles Allen, "was as close
India ever came to having an upper crust." This may have
been helped by the fact that it was very expensive, having an ideal
climate and thus being desirable, as well as having limited
accommodation. British soldiers, merchants and civil servants moved
here each year to escape from the heat during summer in the
Indo-Gangetic plain. The presence of many bachelors and unattached
men, as well as the many women passing the hot weather there, gave
Shimla a reputation for adultery, and at least gossip about adultery:
Rudyard Kipling said in a letter cited by Allen, it had a
reputation for "frivolity, gossip and intrigue". (See also.)
The 500-foot (150 m) Lower Bazaar tunnel was built in 1905 and
christened Khachhar Surang. The Elysium tunnel (now known as the
Auckland Tunnel), about 120 feet (37 m) in length, was also built
Passenger train on the
Kalka-Shimla Railway route
Shimla railway line, opened in 1903, added to Shimla's
accessibility and popularity. The railway route from
Kalka to Shimla,
with more than 806 bridges and 103 tunnels, was touted as an
engineering feat and came to be known as the "British Jewel of the
Orient". In 2008, it became part of the
UNESCO World Heritage
Site, Mountain railways of India. In addition,
Shimla was the
capital of the undivided state of Punjab in 1871, and remained so
until the construction of the new city of
Chandigarh (the present-day
capital of the Indian states of Punjab and Haryana). Upon the
formation of the state of
Himachal Pradesh in 1971,
Shimla was named
Entrance of the Crowborough Rest House built in 1921
After independence the Chief Commissioner's Province of H.P. came into
being on 15 April 1948 as a result of integration of 28 petty princely
states (including feudatory princes and zaildars) in the promontories
of the western Himalaya, known in full as the
Shimla Hills States
& four Punjab southern hill states by issue of the Himachal
Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 & 4 of the
Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947 (later renamed as the Foreign
Jurisdiction Act, 1947 vide A.O. of 1950). The State of Bilaspur was
merged in the
Himachal Pradesh on 1 April 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh
and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954. Himachal became a part C state on
26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India
and the Lt. Governor was appointed. Legislative Assembly was elected
Himachal Pradesh became a
Union Territory on 1 November
1956. Following area of Punjab State namely Shimla, Kangra, Kulu
and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh tehsil of
Lohara, Amb and Una kanungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh kanungo
circle and some other specified area of Una tehsil of Hoshiarpur
District besides some parts of
Dhar Kalan Tehsil of Pathankot
District; were merged with
Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on
enactment of Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966 by the Parliament. On 18
December 1970, the State of
Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by
Parliament and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. Thus
Himachal emerged as the eighteenth state of the Indian Union.
Pre-independence structures still dot Shimla; buildings such as the
former Viceregal Lodge, Auckland House, Christ Church, Gorton Castle,
Shimla Town Hall and the Gaiety Theatre are reminders of British rule
in India. The original Peterhoff, another Viceregal residence,
burned down in 1981. British
Shimla extended about a mile and a half
along the ridge between
Jakhoo Hill and Prospect Hill. The central
spine was the Mall, which ran along the length of the ridge, with a
Mall Extension southwards, closed to all carriages except those of the
Viceroy and his wife.
Shimla is on the south-western ranges of the
Himalayas at 31°37′N
77°06′E / 31.61°N 77.10°E / 31.61; 77.10. It has an
average altitude of 2,206 metres (7,238 ft) above mean sea level
and extends along a ridge with seven spurs. The city stretches nearly
9.2 kilometres (5.7 mi) from east to west.
Shimla was built
on top of seven hills: Inverarm Hill, Observatory Hill, Prospect Hill,
Summer Hill, Bantony Hill, Elysium Hill and
Jakhoo Hill. The highest
Shimla is the
Jakhoo hill, which is at a height of 2,454
metres (8,051 ft).
The city is a Zone IV (High Damage Risk Zone) per the Earthquake
hazard zoning of India. Weak construction techniques and an increasing
population pose a serious threat to the already earthquake prone
region. There are no water bodies near the main city and the
closest river, the Sutlej, is about 21 km (13 mi) away.
Other rivers that flow through the
Shimla district, although further
from the city, are the Giri, and Pabbar (both tributaries of Yamuna).
The green belt in the
Shimla planning area is spread over 414 hectares
(1,020 acres). The main forests in and around the city are of
pine, deodar, oak and rhododendron. Environmental degradation due
to the increasing number of tourists every year without the
infrastructure to support them has resulted in
Shimla losing its
popular appeal as an ecotourism spot. Another rising concern in
the region are the frequent number of landslides that often take place
after heavy rains.
The city is situated 88 km (55 miles) northeast of Kalka,
116 km (72 miles) northeast of Chandigarh, 247 km (154
miles) south of Manali and 350 km (219 miles) northeast of Delhi,
the national capital.
Kalka can be reached within 2.5 hours,
Chandigarh can be reached in 3 hours and 15 minutes.
Delhi and Manali
are both around 7 hours away from Shimla.
Shimla features a subtropical highland climate (Cwb) under the Köppen
climate classification. The climate in
Shimla is predominantly cool
during winters and moderately warm during summer. Temperatures
typically range from −4 °C (25 °F) to 31 °C
(88 °F) over the course of a year.
The average temperature during summer is between 19 and 28 °C
(66 and 82 °F), and between −1 and 10 °C (30 and
50 °F) in winter. Monthly precipitation varies between 15
millimetres (0.59 in) in November and 434 millimetres
(17.1 in) in August. It is typically around 45 millimetres
(1.8 in) per month during winter and spring, and around 175
millimetres (6.9 in) in June as the monsoon approaches.
The average total annual precipitation is 1,575 millimetres
(62 in), which is much less than most other hill stations but
still much heavier than on the plains. Snowfall in the region, which
historically has taken place in the month of December, has lately
(over the last fifteen years) been happening in January or early
February every year.
The maximum snowfall received in recent times was 38.6 centimetres
(15.2 in) on 18 January 2013. On two consecutive days (17 and 18
January 2013), the town received 63.6 centimetres (25.0 in) of
Climate data for
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average snowfall cm (inches)
Average rainy days
Average snowy days
India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to
2010, snow, 1990–2010)
Skating at Simla, c. 1905
Rashtrapati Niwas, Shimla, former "Viceregal Lodge", built 1888
Simla and Jutogh, 1911 map
Indira Gandhi Medical College
Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital at Shimla
Employment is largely driven by the government and tourism
sectors. Education sector and horticultural produce processing
comprise most of the remainder. Recently a Model Career Centre has
been set-up at Regional Employment Exchange,
Shimla to enable bridging
the gap between job-seekers and employers.
In addition to being the local hub of transport and trade,
the area's healthcare centre, hosting a medical college and four major
hospitals: Indira Gandhi Hospital (Snowdown Hospital,) Deen Dayal
Upadhyay Hospital (formerly called Ripon Hospital), Kamla Nehru
Hospital and Indus Hospital. The city's development plan aims make
Shimla an attractive health tourism spot.
The hotel industry is one of the major source of income generation for
Shimla leads the list of Indian cities with the highest
National Academy of Audits and Accounts, Yarrows
Shimla had always been famous for its quality of education and many
important schools have been imparting quality education throughout the
state. Along with schools of higher education, several institutes are
also present, namely
Himachal Pradesh University and Indian Institute
of Advanced Study. Recruitment to the IAAS is through the joint
competitive examinations (the Civil Services Examination) and through
promotion from the subordinate cadre. Once recruited to IAAS, the
directly recruited officers are trained mainly at the National Academy
of Audit and Accounts, Shimla. Students from across
to study in
Shimla because of its climate and Queen of Hill Stations
status. These have added to the economy of the district as well as the
Government is trying to promote technology and IT sector as the new
area for growth and promotion although not many companies have yet
settled in Shimla. There are many new startups in and around Shimla.
There are over six call centres in Shimla, including Alturist
Technologies and 31 Parallel. Two notable companies that are
Shimla are Netgen IT Solutions, an international website
development startup with partner offices in USA and Australia, and
Himachal Media, a company that deals with content and media
Town Hall as seen from The Ridge
The administrative responsibilities of the city of
Shimla and merged
areas of Dhalli, Totu and New
Shimla reside with the
Corporation (SMC). All three areas were taken under SMC in 2006–07.
Established in 1851, the
Municipal Corporation is an elected
body comprising 27 councillors, three of whom are nominated by the
Government of Himachal Pradesh. The nominations are based on
prominence in the fields of social service, academics and other
activities. Thirty-three percent of the seats are reserved for women.
The elections take place every five years and the mayor and deputy
mayor are elected by and amongst the councilors themselves. Kusum
Sadrate and Rakesh Kumar Sharma of
BJP are the present
The administrative head of the corporation is the commissioner who is
appointed by the state government.
The two major political parties are the
Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party and
Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress with a third party, Communist Party of India
The city contributes one seat to the state assembly (Vidhan Sabha) and
one seat to the lower house of parliament (Lok Sabha). Law and
order in the city is collectively maintained by the police force,
Vigilance Department, enforcement directorate, forensics, fire
brigade, prisons service and Home Guard. There are five police
stations and three fire stations in Shimla. The Superintendent of
Shimla heads the police force. The First Armed Police
Battalion, one of the four armed police battalions in the state, is
available for assistance to the local police.
There are eleven courts in the district including a fast-track
According to 2011 census,
Shimla city spread over an area of
35.34 km2 had a population of 169,578 with 93,152 males and
Shimla urban agglomeration had a population of
171,817 as per provisional data of 2011 census, out of which males
were 94,797 and females were 77,020. The literacy rate of city was
93.63 percent and that of urban agglomeration was 94.14 per
The city area has increased considerably along with passage of time.
It has stretched from Hiranagar to Dhalli from one side & from
Devi to Malyana in the other. As per the 2001
the city has a population of 142,161 spread over an area of
19.55 km². A floating population of 75,000 is attributed to
service industries such as tourism. The largest demographic, 55%,
is 16–45 years of age. A further 28% of the population are younger
than 15 years. The low sex ratio – 930 girls for every 1,000
boys in 2001 – is cause for concern, and much lower than
the 974 versus 1,000 for
Himachal Pradesh state as a whole.
The unemployment rate in the city has come down from 36% in 1992 to
22.6% in 2006. This drop is attributed to recent industrialisation,
the growth of service industries, and knowledge development. 84%
of the population of
Shimla city is literate, compared to 80% in
Shimla district and 83.87% in the entire state. The majority of
Shimla's population consists of natives of Himachal Pradesh.
Hindi is the lingua franca of the city, it is the principal spoken
language of the city and also the most commonly used language for the
official purposes. English is also spoken by a sizeable population,
and is the second official language of the city. Other than Hindi,
Pahari languages are spoken by the ethnic Pahari people, who form a
major part of the population in the city.
Punjabi language is
prevalent among the ethnic Punjabi migrant population of the city,
most of whom are refugees from West Punjab, who settled in the city
after the Partition of
India in 1947. According to 2011 census, the
majority religion of city is
Hinduism practised by 93.5% of the
population, followed by
Sikhism (1.95%), Buddhism
Stained glass windows at Christ Church (1850), Shimla
The people of
Shimla are informally called Shimlaites. With largely
cosmopolitan crowds, a variety of festivals are celebrated here. The
Shimla Summer Festival, held every year during peak tourist
season, and lasting 3–4 days, is celebrated on the Ridge. The
highlights of this event include performances by popular singers from
all over the country. Since 2015, 95.0 BIG FM and Himachal Tourism
have been jointly organizing a 7-days long winter carnival on the
Ridge from Christmas to New year.
Shimla has a number of places to visit. Local hangouts like the Mall
and the Ridge are in the heart of the city. Most of the heritage
buildings in the city are preserved in their original 'Tudorbethan'
architecture. The former Viceregal Lodge, which now houses the Indian
Institute of Advanced Study, and Wildflower Hall, now a luxury hotel,
are some of the famous ones. A collection of paintings, jewellery and
textiles of the region can be found at the State Museum (built in
Foggy morning at Tattapani
Lakkar Bazaar, a market extending off the Ridge, is famous for
souvenirs and crafts made of wood. Tatta Pani, 55 kilometres
(34.2 mi) from the main city, is the name of hot sulfur springs
that are believed to have medicinal value located on the banks of the
Shimla is also home to South Asia's only natural ice
skating rink. State and national level competitions are often held
at this venue.
Shimla Ice Skating Club, which manages the rink, hosts
a carnival every year in January, which includes a fancy dress
competition and figure skating events. Due to effects of global
warming and increasing urban development in and around Shimla, the
number of sessions on ice every winter have been decreasing in the
past few years.
Jakhu Temple in 1910
Shimla has many temples and is often visited by devotees from nearby
towns and cities. The
Kali Bari temple, dedicated to the
Kali is near the mall.
Jakhoo Temple, for the
located at the highest point in Shimla. Sankat Mochan, another
Hanuman temple, is famous for the numerous monkeys that are always
found in its vicinity. It is located on Shimla-
Kalka Highway about 10
kilometres (6.2 mi) from the city. The nearby temple of Tara Devi
is a place for performing rituals and festivals. Other prominent
places of worship include a
Gurudwara near the bus terminus and Christ
Church on the Ridge.
A folk celebration in Shimla
Shimla arts and crafts are highly in demand by the tourists. They
range from excellent pieces of jewellery, embroidered shawls and
garments to leather made articles and sculptures.
Shimla is full of
pine and deodar trees. The wood has been extensively used in all major
buildings of Shimla. The various kinds crafts of
Shimla made out of
wood includes small boxes, utensils, image carvings and souvenirs.
Side view of Christ Church
Shimla from Mall Road.
Carpet making of
Shimla is a great attraction for the tourists.
Different floral and other motifs are used. Wool is used to make
blankets and rugs. The embroidery includes handkerchiefs, hand fans,
gloves and caps.
The shawls of
Shimla are very well known for their fine quality. The
leather craft of
Shimla comprises shoes, slippers and belts. The other
arts and crafts of
Shimla includes a huge collection of beaded and
The culture of
Shimla throwbacks religious, agnostic Kumauni people
with simple lifestyle living away from the hustle and bustle of metro
Shimla has the largest natural ice skating rink in South Asia. The ice
skating season usually begins in the start of December and goes on
till the end of February. The city has sporting venues like the Indira
Gandhi Rajya Khel Parisar, the main sports complex. Further out from
the city is the Naldehra nine-hole golf course, the oldest of its kind
in India. Kufri is a ski resort (winter only) located 19
kilometres (11.8 mi) from the main city.
See also: List of educational institutions in Shimla
Public library on The Ridge
The city has 14 anganwadis and 64 primary schools. There are many
schools from the British era. Some of the popular convent schools in
the city are Bishop Cotton School, St. Edward's School, Shimla,
Auckland House School,
Shimla Public School, Sacred Heart Convent,
Tara Hall, Convent of Jesus & Mary (Chelsea). Other public schools
include Kendriya Vidyalaya Jakhoo, DAV New Shimla, Hainault Public
School, DAV Lakkar Bazaar, DAV Totu, Dayanand Public School, Himalayan
International School and Chapslee Garden School. Bishop Cotton School
St. Edward's School, Shimla
St. Edward's School, Shimla are for boys only, whereas, Tara Hall
and Convent of Jesus & Mary (Chelsea) are for girls only.
The medical institutes in
Indira Gandhi Medical College
Indira Gandhi Medical College and
Dental College. St. Bede's and Rajkiya Kanya MahaVidayaliya (RKMV) are
girls-only colleges. Government College, Sanjauli, and Government
College Chaura Maidan are also located in the city. The Indian
Institute of Advanced Study, housed in the Viceregal lodge, is a
residential centre for research in Humanities, Indian culture,
religion and social and natural sciences. The Himachal Pradesh
University (state University of himachal Pradesh) is also located in
Himachal Pradesh University Business School (HPUBS), the best
Business school of
Himachal Pradesh and University Institute of
Himachal Pradesh University (UIIT), a premier
technical education institute are also located here.
There is one Private University by the name of APG (Alakh Prakash
Shimla University. The university had also been awarded as the
Best University in Hills by Assocham India.
Shimla has two state libraries with a collection of over 47,000 old
books divided between them. The one at Gandhi Bhavan in the university
has over 40,000 books and the other library, also a heritage building
on the ridge, has 7,000.
Other institutes of higher education and research located in Shimla
are the Central Potato Research Institute, a member of Indian Council
of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and National Academy of Audit and
Accounts for training of officers of the Indian Audit and Accounts
Places of interest
Main article: Tourism in Himachal Pradesh
The Ridge, covered in snow
Christ Church on the Ridge
Mall Road, Shimla
Mall Road, Shimla seen from the Scandal point
Naldehra Golf Club on hilltop, Shimla
Jakhu Ropeway connects Jakhu temple to the ridge ground and is the
first ropeway in Shimla.
The Mall: The Mall is the main shopping street of Shimla. It has many
restaurants, clubs, banks, bars, post offices and tourist offices. The
Gaiety Theatre is situated there. Few restaurants are Cafe Shimla
Times, Wake n Bake, 45 The Central, Sher-e-Punjab.
Christ Church: Situated on the Ridge, Christ Church is the second
oldest church in Northern India. Inside there are stained glass
windows which represent faith, hope, charity, fortitude, patience and
Jakhoo: 2 km from Shimla, at a height of 8,000 ft, Jakhu
Hill is the highest peak and has views of the town and of the
snow-covered Himalayas. At the top of the hill is an old temple of
Lord Hanuman, which is the home of monkeys. A 108 feet (33 metre)
statue of Lord Hanuman, a
Hindu deity, at 8,500 feet (2,591 metres)
above sea level, is the statue standing at the highest altitude among
several other masterpieces in the world, overtaking the Christ
Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Jutogh: Located 8 km from the city centre, this army cantonment
is near Totu, an important suburb of
Shimla State Museum: The museum, which was opened in 1974, has tried
to protect hill-out and the cultural wealth of the state. There is a
collection of miniature Pahari paintings, sculptures, bronzes
wood-carvings and also costumes, textiles and jewellery of the region.
Indian Institute of Advanced Study: This institute is housed at the
former Viceregal Lodge, built in 1884–88.
Summer Hill: The township of Summer Hill is at a height of
6,500 ft on the Shimla-
Kalka railway line. Mahatma Gandhi lived
in these quiet surroundings during his visits to Shimla. Himachal
Pradesh University is situated here.
Annandale: Developed as the racecourse of Shimla,
2–4 km from the Ridge at a height of 6,117 ft. It is now
used by the Indian Army.
Tara Devi: 11 km from the
Shimla bus-stand. Tara
Devi Hill has a
temple dedicated to the goddess of stars on top of the hill. There is
a military Dairy Town here as well as the headquarters of Bharat
Scouts and Guides.
Sankat Mochan: A famous Lord
Hanuman temple is located here.
Junga is nearest Tehsil, 26 km from Shimla. Its original
name (with diacritics) is "Jūnga", and it is a former royal retreat
of the princely state of Keonthal. It is known as the
Anand Vilas: Midway between
Shimla and Junga. "Sarva Dharma Mandir",
Temple of all faiths, is a spiritual group dedicated to Mother Nature.
Thousands of visitors and devotees come here every year. There is an
"Art is Values" school with pupils from all over India. Classes are
provided free of cost.
Totu: A major suburb of
Shimla on NH-88. Houses
Jutogh railway station
& HimFed under Govt. of Himachal Pradesh.
Mashobra: 13 km from Shimla, site of the annual Sipi fair in
Kufri: 16 km from
Shimla at a height of 8,600 ft, Kufri is
the local winter sports centre, and has a small zoo.
Chharabra: 13 km from
Shimla on route to Kufri.
Naldehra: 22 km from Shimla, with a nine-hole Naldehra Golf Club.
The annual Sipi fair in June is held in Naldehra.
Chail: Chail was built as summer retreat by the Maharaja of Patiala
during the British Raj, it is known for its cricket pitch, the highest
in the world.
Sanjauli: The main suburb of Shimla.
Local transport in
Shimla is by bus or private vehicles. Buses ply
frequently on the circular road surrounding the city centre. Like any
other growing city,
Shimla is also expanding with new habitats in the
vicinity.Transport services in these areas are also expanding rapidly.
Tourist taxis are also an option for out of town trips. Locals
typically traverse the city on foot. Private vehicles are prohibited
on the Mall, Ridge and nearby markets. Due to narrow roads and steep
slopes, the auto rickshaws which are common in other Indian cities are
Shimla is well-connected by road network to all major cities in north
India and to all major towns and district headquarters within the
state. National Highway 22 (NH 22) connects
Shimla to the nearest big
city of Chandigarh.
Distance between major towns and Shimla:
National Highway 22 connects
Shimla to the city of Chandigarh.
Distance between major towns and Shimla:
Kalka: 90 km
Chandigarh: 120 km
Ambala: 165 km
Patiala: 172 km
Bathinda: 330 km
Amritsar: 342 km
Panipat: 275 km
Delhi: 380 km
Dehradun: 227 km
Jammu: 482 km
Agra: 568 km
Jaipur: 629 km
Haridwar: 278 km
Srinagar: 787 km
Pithoragarh: 703 km
Kolkata: 1460 km
Mumbai: 1742 km
Kanya Kumari: 2500;km
Shimla Airport is situated at Jubbarhatti, 23 kilometres (14 mi)
from the city. Regular flights to
Delhi operate from the airport.
The nearest major airport is
Chandigarh Airport in
116 km away.
Shimla railway station
Shimla Railway, a narrow gauge track, is listed in
Guinness Book of Records
Guinness Book of Records for the steepest rise in altitude in a
distance of 96 km. Kalka, the plains rail terminus, has daily
departures to major Indian cities. The city has a total of three
railway stations with
Shimla the main station and two others located
at Summer Hill and Totu (Jutogh) respectively. It was built to connect
Shimla, the summer capital of
India during the British Raj, with the
Indian rail system. The route is famous for its scenery and improbable
In 2007, the government of
Himachal Pradesh declared the railway a
heritage property. For about a week starting on 11 September 2007,
an expert team from
UNESCO visited the railway to review and inspect
it for possible selection as a World Heritage Site. On 8 July 2008,
Kalka–Shimla Railway became part of the World Heritage Site
Mountain railways of India. alongside Darjeeling Himalayan
Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and Chhatrapati Shivaji
Media and communications
India Radio and Reliance Broadcast owned 95.0 BIG FM
have local radio stations in Shimla, which transmits various
programmes of mass interest. Apart from a wide range of other national
and international TV channels of different languages, the national TV
Doordarshan also broadcast channels like DD Shimla, DD
National and DD Sports in the city. There are a number of private FM
radio channels like 95.0 BIG FM and Radio Mirchi.
Amar Ujala, Divya Himachal, Punjab Kesari, and
Dainik Bhaskar are
the widely circulated
Hindi dailies while The Tribune, The Times of
Hindustan Times and
Indian Express are popular English
newspapers in the city.
Notable people born in Shimla
Shahid Javed Burki, Pakistani economist, born during British rule
Charlie Chauhan, television actress
Rubina Dilaik, television actress
Guy Penrose Gibson, WW2 RAF VC
Horatio Boileau Goad, British policeman and former secretary of the
municipal corporation of Shimla
Samuel Boileau Goad, one of the principal property owners in Shimla
Robin Jackman, former England cricket player
M.M. Kaye, novelist
Rahat Kazmi, Pakistani television actor
Anupam Kher, Bollywood actor
Ram Kumar, painter
Jamila Massey, British actress
Asmita Sood, television actress
Simranjit Singh Mann, Sikh politician
Idries Shah, writer on Sufism
Salmaan Taseer, Pakistani businessman
Priety Zinta, Bollywood actress
Motilal Rajvansh, Bollywood actor
Notable people educated in Shimla
Mayank Anand, actor, author, designer
Mohammad Hamid Ansari, current Vice-President Of India
Ruskin Bond, writer
Charlie Chauhan, television actress
Prem Chopra, Bollywood actor
Rubina Dilaik, television actress
Neetu Kapoor, Bollywood actress
Hamid Karzai, president of Afghanistan from Lalpani
Anupam Kher, Bollywood actor
Naina Lal Kidwai, businesswoman
Amrish Puri, Bollywood actor
Asmita Sood, television actress
Meera Nair, filmmaker
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, ex-president of Pakistan
Preity Zinta, Bollywood actress
Siddharth Chauhan, Independent Filmmaker
Shimla at night
Shimla from above
Hills near Shimla
Night view from the Ridge
Shimla under snow
South side of the Ridge
Winter circa 1905
Shimla in the evening
The Ridge, Shimla
Panchayat Bhavan, Shimla
Sister relationships with towns and regions worldwide include:
Carbondale, Illinois, United States
Simla Agreement between
Pakistan on 3 July 1972
Simla Accord (1913)
Simla Accord (1913) was a treaty between Britain and Tibet signed in
1914 at the end of a convention held in Shimla. Although its legal
status is disputed, it is currently the effective boundary between
China and India.
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City of Carbondale – Sister Cities
^ Sister-Cities.org – International Directory
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shimla.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Shimla
Official website of
Himachal Pradesh Tourism Guide
Official website of Himachal Tourism
Municipal Corporation Shimla
Shimla travel guide from Wikivoyage
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