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Shellfish
Shellfish
poisoning includes four (4) syndromes that share some common features and are primarily associated with bivalve molluscs (such as mussels, clams, oysters and scallops.)[1] These shellfish are filter feeders and, therefore, accumulate toxins produced by microscopic algae, such as cyanobacteria, diatoms and dinoflagellates.

Contents

1 Syndromes 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Syndromes[edit] The syndromes are:

Amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) Diarrheal shellfish poisoning (DSP) Neurotoxic shellfish poisoning (NSP) Paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP)

See also[edit]

Cyanotoxin Gonyaulax

References[edit]

^ Silver, Mary Wilcox (2006), "Protecting Ourselves from Shellfish Poisoning", American Scientist, 94 (4): 316–325, doi:10.1511/2006.60.316 

External links[edit]

Human Illness Associated with Harmful Algae

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Poisoning Toxicity Overdosing (T36–T65, 960–989)

History of poison Toxicology

Inorganic

Metals

Toxic metals

Beryllium Cadmium Lead Mercury Nickel Silver Thallium Tin

Dietary minerals

Chromium Cobalt Copper Iron Manganese Zinc

Metalloids

Arsenic

Nonmetals

Sulfuric acid Selenium Chlorine Fluoride

Organic

Phosphorus

Pesticides

Aluminium phosphide Organophosphates

Nitrogen

Cyanide Nicotine Nitrogen
Nitrogen
dioxide poisoning

CHO

alcohol

Ethanol Ethylene glycol Methanol

Carbon monoxide Oxygen Toluene

Pharmaceutical

Drug overdoses

Nervous

Anticholinesterase Aspirin Barbiturates Benzodiazepines Opioids Paracetamol Tricyclic antidepressants

Cardiovascular

Digoxin Dipyridamole

Vitamin poisoning

Vitamin A Vitamin D Vitamin E

Biological1

Fish / seafood

Ciguatera Haff disease Ichthyoallyeinotoxism Scombroid Shellfish
Shellfish
poisoning

Amnesic Diarrhetic Neurotoxic Paralytic

Other vertebrates

amphibian venom

Batrachotoxin Bombesin Bufotenin Physalaemin

birds / quail

Coturnism

snake venom

Alpha-Bungarotoxin Ancrod Batroxobin

Arthropods

Arthropod
Arthropod
bites and stings bee sting / bee venom

Apamin Melittin

scorpion venom

Charybdotoxin

spider venom

Latrotoxin / Latrodectism Loxoscelism

tick paralysis

Plants / fungi

Cinchonism Ergotism Lathyrism Locoism Mushrooms Strychnine

1 including venoms, toxins, toxicants, foodborne illnesses.

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Food safety

Adulterants, food contaminants

3-MCPD Aldicarb Cyanide Formaldehyde Lead poisoning Melamine Mercury in fish Sudan I

Flavorings

Monosodium glutamate
Monosodium glutamate
(MSG) Salt Sugar

High-fructose corn syrup

Microorganisms

Botulism Campylobacter jejuni Clostridium perfringens Escherichia coli O104:H4 Escherichia coli O157:H7 Hepatitis A Hepatitis E Listeria Norovirus Rotavirus Salmonella

Parasitic infections through food

Amoebiasis Anisakiasis Cryptosporidiosis Cyclosporiasis Diphyllobothriasis Enterobiasis Fasciolopsiasis Fasciolosis Giardiasis Gnathostomiasis Paragonimiasis Toxoplasmosis Trichinosis Trichuriasis

Pesticides

Chlorpyrifos DDT Lindane Malathion Methamidophos

Preservatives

Benzoic acid Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid
(EDTA) Sodium benzoate

Sugar
Sugar
substitutes

Acesulfame potassium Aspartame Saccharin Sodium cyclamate Sorbitol Sucralose

Toxins, poisons, environment pollution

Aflatoxin Arsenic contamination of groundwater Benzene in soft drinks Bisphenol A Dieldrin Diethylstilbestrol Dioxin Mycotoxins Nonylphenol Shellfish
Shellfish
poisoning

Food contamination incidents

Devon colic Swill milk scandal 1858 Bradford sweets poisoning 1900 English beer poisoning Morinaga Milk arsenic poisoning incident Minamata disease 1971 Iraq poison grain disaster Toxic oil syndrome 1993 Jack in the Box E. coli outbreak 1996 Odwalla E. coli outbreak 2006 North American E. coli outbreaks ICA meat repackaging controversy 2008 Canada listeriosis outbreak 2008 Chinese milk scandal 2008 Irish pork crisis 2008 United States salmonellosis outbreak 2011 Germany E. coli outbreak 2011 Taiwan food scandal 2011 United States listeriosis outbreak 2013 Bihar school meal poisoning 2013 horse meat scandal 2013 Taiwan food scandal 2014 Taiwan food scandal 2017 Brazil weak meat scandal 2017–18 South African listeriosis outbreak Food safety
Food safety
incidents in China Foodborne illness

outbreaks death toll United States

Regulation, standards, watchdogs

Acceptable daily intake E number Food labeling regulations Food libel laws International Food Safety Network ISO 22000 Quality Assurance International

Institutions

Centre for Food Safety European Food Safety Authority Institute for Food Safety and Health International Food Safety Network Ministry of Food and Drug Safety

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Seafood

Fish

Anchovy Barramundi Billfish Carp Catfish Cod Eel Flatfish Flounder Herring Mackerel Salmon Sardine Shark Sturgeon Swordfish Tilapia Trout Tuna Whitebait

Shellfish

Abalone Cockles Crab meat Crayfish Geoduck Krill Lobster Mussels Oysters Scallops Shrimp Sea urchins Crustaceans Molluscs

Other seafood

Edible seaweed Jellyfish Marine mammals Octopus Sea cucumber Squid Whale meat Sea vegetables Algae List of seafoods more...

Processed seafood

Caviar Dried fish Canned fish Cod liver oil Cured fish Fermented fish Fish fillet Fish head Fish oil Fish sauce Fish paste Fish steak Fish stock Lutefisk Salted fish Salted seafood Salted squid Shark liver oil Shrimp paste Smoked fish Stockfish Surimi Roe more...

Seafood
Seafood
dishes

List of seafood dishes List of crab dishes List of fish dishes Bisque Chowder Fish and chips Fish pie Fish soup Fried fish Raw fish Seafood
Seafood
boil Shark fin soup Sushi more...

Health hazards

Ciguatera Fish diseases and parasites Mercury in fish Metagonimiasis Scombroid food poisoning Shellfish
Shellfish
poisoning

Advisory services

Seafood
Seafood
mislabelling Sustainable seafood Sustainable seafood
Sustainable seafood
advisory lists and certification

Animal welfare

Declawing of crabs Eyestalk ablation Eating live seafood Live fish trade Pain in fish Pain in crustaceans Shark finning

Related topics

Fish preservation Fish processing Gathering seafood by hand History of seafood History of sushi List of seafood companies Raw bar Salmon cannery Seafood
Seafood
restaurant Umami

Authority control

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