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The Shaybanids
Shaybanids
(Persian: سلسله شیبانیان‎) were a Persianized[1] dynasty of Mongol
Mongol
origin in Central Asia.[2] They were the patrilineal descendants of Shiban, the fifth son of Jochi
Jochi
and grandson of Genghis Khan.[3] Until the mid-14th century, they acknowledged the authority of the descendants of Batu Khan
Batu Khan
and Orda Khan, such as Öz Beg Khan. The Shaybanid
Shaybanid
led grey horde, also known as the Uzbegs (Uzbeks), was converted to Islam
Islam
in 1282. At its height, the khanate included parts of modern-day Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and parts of central Asia. As the lineages of Batu and Orda died out in the course of the great civil wars of the 14th century, the Shaybanids
Shaybanids
under Abu'l-Khayr Khan declared themselves the only legitimate successors to Jochi
Jochi
and put forward claims to the whole of his enormous ulus, which included parts of Siberia
Siberia
and Kazakhstan. Their rivals were the Timurid dynasty, who claimed descent from Jochi's thirteenth son by a concubine. Several decades of strife left the Timurids in control of the Great Horde
Great Horde
and its successor states in Europe, namely, the Khanates of Kazan, Astrakhan, and Crimea.

Contents

1 Shaybanid
Shaybanid
dynasty 2 Khans of Shaybanid
Shaybanid
dynasty of Khanate of Bukhara 3 Notes 4 References

Shaybanid
Shaybanid
dynasty[edit]

Muhammad Shaybani.

Under Abu'l-Khayr Khan (who led the Shaybanids
Shaybanids
from 1428 to 1468), the dynasty began consolidating disparate Ozbeg (Uzbek) tribes, first in the area around Tyumen
Tyumen
and the Tura River
Tura River
and then down into the Syr Darya region. His grandson Muhammad Shaybani
Muhammad Shaybani
(ruled 1500-10), who gave his name to the Shaybanid
Shaybanid
dynasty, conquered Samarkand, Herat,[3] Balkh[3] and Bukhara,[3] thus ending the Timurid dynasty and establishing the short-lived Shaybanid
Shaybanid
Empire.[4] After his death at the hands of Shah Ismail I, he was followed successively by an uncle, a cousin, and a brother, whose Shaybanid
Shaybanid
descendants would rule the Khanate of Bukhara
Bukhara
from 1505 until 1598 and the Khanate of Khwarezm (Khiva) from 1511 until 1695. Another state ruled by the Shaybanids
Shaybanids
was the Khanate of Sibir, seizing the throne in 1563. Its last khan, Kuchum, was deposed by the Russians in 1598. He escaped to Bukhara, but his sons and grandsons were taken by the Tsar to Moscow, where they eventually assumed the surname of Sibirsky. Apart from this famous branch, several other noble families from Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(e.g., Princes Valikhanov) petitioned the Russian imperial authorities to recognise their Shaybanid
Shaybanid
roots, but mostly in vain. Khans of Shaybanid
Shaybanid
dynasty of Khanate of Bukhara[edit]

Titular Name Personal Name Reign

They were the descendants of Shiban, fifth son of Jochi
Jochi
ruling in Western Siberia. Later a major faction split and made a dash for Transoxiana
Transoxiana
and adopted the name Uzbek (Ozbeg) after their famous Khan, Uzbeg Khan. The faction that remained behind in Siberia
Siberia
created the Khanate of Sibir
Khanate of Sibir
and lasted until the 16th century.

Khan خان‬ Abul-Khayr Khan ibn Dawlat Shaykh ibn Ibrahim Khan ابو الخیر خان ابن دولت شیخ ابن ابراہیم خان‬ 1428 - 1468 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Shaykh Hayder -‬ Shah Budagh Khan ibn Abul-Khayr Khan شاہ بداغ خان ابن ابو الخیر خان‬ 1468 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Abul-Fath ابو الفتح‬ Muhammad Shayabak Khan ibn Shah Budagh Khan ibn Abul-Khayr Khan محمد شایبک خان ابن شاہ بداغ خان ابن ابو الخیر خان‬ 1500 – 1510 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Kochkunju Muhammad bin Abul-Khayr Khan کچھکنجو محمد بن ابو الخیر خان‬ 1512 – 1531 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Muzaffar-al-Din مظفر الدین‬ Abu Sa'id bin Kochkunju ابو سعید بن کچھکنجو ‬ 1531 – 1534 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Abul Ghazi ابو الغازی‬ Ubaydullah bin Mahmud bin Shah Budagh عبید اللہ بن محمود بن شاہ بداغ‬ 1534 – 1539 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Abdullah bin Kochkunju عبد اللہ بن کچھکنجو ‬ 1539 – 1540 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Abdal-Latif bin Kochkunju عبد اللطیف بن کچھکنجو ‬ 1540 – 1552 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Nawruz Ahmed bin Sunjuq bin Abul-Khayr Khan نوروز احمد بن سنجق بن ابو الخیر خان‬ 1552 – 1556 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Pir Muhammad Khan bin Jani Beg پیر محمد خان بن جانی بیگ‬ 1556 – 1561 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Iskander bin Jani Beg اسکندر بن جانی بیگ‬ 1561 – 1583 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Buzurg Khan بزرگ خان‬ Abdullah Khan Uzbek عبد اللہ خان ازبک‬ Abdullah Khan bin Iskander عبد اللہ خان بن اسکندر‬ 1583 – 1598 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Abdul-Mo'min bin Abdullah Khan عبد المومن بن عبد اللہ خان ‬ 1598 C.E.

Khan خان‬ Pir Muhammad Khan bin Sulayman Khan bin Jani Beg پیر محمد خان بن سلیمان خان بن جانی بیگ‬ 1598 – 1599 C.E.

Khanate of Bukhara
Bukhara
taken over by a new dynasty called the Janids also known as Toqay-Temurids (descendants of Khans of Astrakhan).

Blue Row Signifies progenitor chief.

Khans of significance highlighted in Bold.

Notes[edit]

^ Introduction: The Turko-Persian tradition, Robert L. Canfield, Turko-Persia in Historical Perspective, ed. Robert L. Canfield, (Cambridge University Press, 1999), 19. ^ Shibanids, R.D. McChesney, The Encyclopaedia of Islam, Vol. IX, ed. C. E. Bosworth, E. Van Donzel, W. P. Heinrichs AND G. Lecomte, (Brill, 1986), 428;"SHIBANIDS, a Mongol
Mongol
dynasty of Central Asia, the agnatic descendants of Shiban, the fifth son of Djoci son of Cinggis Khan". ^ a b c d Rene Grousset, The Empire of the Steppes, transl. Naomi Walford, (Rutgers University Press, 1970), 478. ^ Svat Soucek, A History of Inner Asia, (Cambridge University Press, 2000), 149.

References[edit]

Bartold, Vasily (1964) The Shaybanids. Collected Works, vol. 2, part 2. Moscow, 1964. Grousset, René (1970) The Empire of the Steppes: a history of central Asia Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, (translated by Naomi Walford from the French edition, published by Payot in 1970), pp. 478–490 et passim, ISBN 0-8135-0627-1 Bosworth, C.E. (1996) The new Islamic dynasties: a chronological and genealogical manual Columbia University Press, New York, pp. 288–9, ISBN 0-231-10714-5 Soucek, Svatopluk (2000) A History of Inner Asia Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 149–157, ISBN 0-521-65169-7 Erkinov A. “The Poetry of the Nomads and Shaybani Rulers of Transition to a Settled Society”. In: Central Asia
Central Asia
on Display: Proceedings of the VII. Conference of the European Society for Central Asian Studies (27–30 September 2000). G.Rasuly-Paleczek, J. Katsching (eds). Vienna

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