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Seine-et- Marne
Marne
(pronounced [sɛn e maʁn]) is a French department, named after the Seine and Marne
Marne
rivers, and located in the Île-de- France
France
region.

Contents

1 History 2 Economy 3 Climate 4 Geography

4.1 Principal towns

5 Demographics

5.1 Place of birth of residents

6 Tourism 7 See also 8 Bibliography 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Seine-et- Marne
Marne
is one of the original 83 departments created on 4 March 1790 during the French Revolution
French Revolution
in application of the law of 22 December 1789. It had previously belonged to the former province of Île-de-France. Economy[edit]

Wheat field near Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry

With 60% of the region used as farmland, Seine-et- Marne
Marne
is where most agricultural activity occurs within the Île-de-France. Cereals and sugar beet are the principal exports from Seine-et-Marne. The other key industrial structures are the refinery at Grandpuits and the Snecma research plant. The two new towns are the centre of tourism for the department, mainly due to theme parks such as Disneyland Park and Walt Disney Studios Park
Walt Disney Studios Park
at Disneyland Paris.

Climate[edit] Seine-et- Marne
Marne
has a temperate Atlantic climate. The average rainfall is based upon that of Fontainebleau, giving an average rainfall of 650 mm (25.6 in), which is higher than the average of Île-de- France
France
(600 mm (23.6 in)). Average temperature in Melun
Melun
during the 1953–2002 period was 3.2 °C (37.8 °F) for January and 18.6 °C (65.5 °F) for July. The storm of 26 December 1999 led to five deaths in Seine-et- Marne
Marne
and caused several trees to fall. Geography[edit] Seine-et- Marne
Marne
forms a part of the Île-de- France
France
region; the department covers 49% of the region's land area. It is bordered by Val-d'Oise, Seine-Saint-Denis, Val-de-Marne, Essonne
Essonne
to the West; Loiret
Loiret
and Yonne
Yonne
to the South; Aube
Aube
and Marne
Marne
to the East; and Aisne and Oise
Oise
to the North. The department has many natural reserves, notably Brie and Gâtinais. The highest point of the département is Saint-George's Hill (215 m). Principal towns[edit]

Most Populous Seine-et- Marne
Marne
communes[1]

Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population

1 Meaux Meaux Meaux 53,766

2 Chelles Chelles Torcy 53,569

3 Melun Melun Melun 40,066

4 Pontault-Combault Pontault-Combault Torcy 37,847

5 Savigny-le-Temple Savigny-le-Temple Melun 30,068

6 Villeparisis Villeparisis Torcy 25,889

7 Bussy-Saint-Georges Torcy Torcy 25,419

8 Champs-sur-Marne Champs-sur-Marne Torcy 24,913

9 Torcy Torcy Torcy 23,669

10 Roissy-en-Brie Pontault-Combault Torcy 22,559

11 Combs-la-Ville Combs-la-Ville Melun 22,086

12 Dammarie-lès-Lys Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry Melun 21,094

13 Lagny-sur-Marne Lagny-sur-Marne Torcy 20,718

14 Le Mée-sur-Seine Savigny-le-Temple Melun 20,713

15 Ozoir-la-Ferrière Ozoir-la-Ferrière Torcy 19,917

Demographics[edit] People from Seine-et- Marne
Marne
are known as the Seine-et-Marnais. Originally Seine-et- Marne
Marne
was very rural and lightly populated. Over the past 50 years, however, its population has tripled, due to the development of the Paris
Paris
conurbation and the building of new towns in the northwest of the region. The population was estimated to be 1,267,496 inhabitants in 2006. The region has changed from consisting only of small villages to forming a large part of the Paris conurbation. Seine-et- Marne
Marne
as a whole shares a sister city relationship with Orlando, Florida, United States, as both host Disney
Disney
theme parks. Place of birth of residents[edit]

Place of birth of residents of Seine-et- Marne
Marne
in 1999

Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France

86.6% 13.4%

Born in Overseas France Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15
EU-15
immigrants2 Non- EU-15
EU-15
immigrants

1.4% 2.3% 3.8% 5.9%

1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France
France
in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics. 2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France
France
with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Tourism[edit]

Collège de Juilly Forest of Fontainebleau

Throne Room in the Palace of Fontainebleau

The walls of the medieval city of Provins

Vaux-le-Vicomte

Knights Templar's commandry in Coulommiers

See also[edit]

Cantons of the Seine-et- Marne
Marne
department Communes of the Seine-et- Marne
Marne
department Arrondissements of the Seine-et- Marne
Marne
department

Bibliography[edit]

Lion, Christian, La Mutuelle de Seine-et- Marne
Marne
contre l'incendie de 1819 à 1969. Mutualité, assurance et cycles de l'incendie (Bruxelles etc., Peter Lang, 2008).

References[edit]

^ "Insee - Populations légales 2013". Insee. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Seine-et-Marne.

(in French) Prefecture website (in French) General Council website

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Departments of France

01 Ain 02 Aisne 03 Allier 04 Alpes-de-Haute-Provence 05 Hautes-Alpes 06 Alpes-Maritimes 07 Ardèche 08 Ardennes 09 Ariège 10 Aube 11 Aude 12 Aveyron 13 Bouches-du-Rhône 14 Calvados 15 Cantal 16 Charente 17 Charente-Maritime 18 Cher 19 Corrèze 2A Corse-du-Sud 2B Haute-Corse 21 Côte-d'Or 22 Côtes-d'Armor 23 Creuse 24 Dordogne 25 Doubs 26 Drôme 27 Eure 28 Eure-et-Loir 29 Finistère 30 Gard 31 Haute-Garonne 32 Gers 33 Gironde 34 Hérault 35 Ille-et-Vilaine 36 Indre 37 Indre-et-Loire 38 Isère 39 Jura 40 Landes 41 Loir-et-Cher 42 Loire 43 Haute-Loire 44 Loire-Atlantique 45 Loiret 46 Lot 47 Lot-et-Garonne 48 Lozère 49 Maine-et-Loire 50 Manche 51 Marne 52 Haute-Marne 53 Mayenne 54 Meurthe-et-Moselle 55 Meuse 56 Morbihan 57 Moselle 58 Nièvre 59 Nord 60 Oise 61 Orne 62 Pas-de-Calais 63 Puy-de-Dôme 64 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 65 Hautes-Pyrénées 66 Pyrénées-Orientales 67 Bas-Rhin 68 Haut-Rhin 69D Rhône 70 Haute-Saône 71 Saône-et-Loire 72 Sarthe 73 Savoie 74 Haute-Savoie 75 Paris 76 Seine-Maritime 77 Seine-et-Marne 78 Yvelines 79 Deux-Sèvres 80 Somme 81 Tarn 82 Tarn-et-Garonne 83 Var 84 Vaucluse 85 Vendée 86 Vienne 87 Haute-Vienne 88 Vosges 89 Yonne 90 Territoire de Belfort 91 Essonne 92 Hauts-de-Seine 93 Seine-Saint-Denis 94 Val-de-Marne 95 Val-d'Oise

Overseas departments 971 Guadeloupe 972 Martinique 973 French Guiana 974 Réunion 976 Mayotte

Metropolis with territorial collectivity statute 69M Lyon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 130897065 GND: 4210802-0 SUDOC: 026400499 BNF:

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