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SEINE-ET-MARNE (pronounced ) is a French department , named after the Seine and Marne
Marne
rivers, and located in the Île-de- France
France
region .

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Economy * 3 Climate

* 4 Geography

* 4.1 Principal towns

* 5 Demographics

* 5.1 Place of birth of residents

* 6 Tourism * 7 See also * 8 Bibliography * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORY

Seine-et- Marne
Marne
is one of the original 83 departments, created on 4 March 1790, during the French Revolution
French Revolution
in application of the law of 22 December 1789. It had previously belonged to the former province of Île-de- France
France
.

ECONOMY

Wheat field near Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry

With 60% of the region used as farmland, Seine-et- Marne
Marne
is where most agricultural activity occurs within the Île-de- France
France
. Cereals and sugar beet are the principal exports from Seine-et-Marne.

The other key industrial structures are the refinery at Grandpuits and the Snecma research plant. The two new towns are the centre of tourism for the department, mainly due to theme parks such as Disneyland Park and Walt Disney Studios Park at Disneyland Paris .

CLIMATE

Seine-et- Marne
Marne
has a temperate Atlantic climate. The average rainfall is based upon that of Fontainebleau
Fontainebleau
, giving an average rainfall of 650 mm (25.6 in), which is higher than the average of Île-de-France (600 mm (23.6 in)). Average temperature in Melun
Melun
during the 1953–2002 period was 3.2 °C (37.8 °F) for January and 18.6 °C (65.5 °F) for July.

The storm of 26 December 1999 led to five deaths in Seine-et-Marne and caused several trees to fall.

GEOGRAPHY

Seine-et- Marne
Marne
forms a part of the Île-de- France
France
region; the department covers 49% of the region's land area. It is bordered by Val-d\' Oise
Oise
, Seine-Saint-Denis , Val-de-Marne
Val-de-Marne
, Essonne
Essonne
to the West; Loiret
Loiret
and Yonne to the South; Aube
Aube
and Marne
Marne
to the East; and Aisne and Oise
Oise
to the North.

The department has many natural reserves, notably Brie and Gâtinais .

The highest point of the département is Saint-George's Hill (215 m).

PRINCIPAL TOWNS

MOST POPULOUS SEINE-ET-MARNE COMMUNES RANK COMMUNE CANTON ARRONDISSEMENT POPULATION

1 Meaux
Meaux
Meaux
Meaux
Meaux
Meaux
53,766

2 Chelles Chelles Torcy 53,569

3 Melun
Melun
Melun
Melun
Melun
Melun
40,066

4 Pontault-Combault Pontault-Combault Torcy 37,847

5 Savigny-le-Temple Savigny-le-Temple Melun
Melun
30,068

6 Villeparisis
Villeparisis
Villeparisis
Villeparisis
Torcy 25,889

7 Bussy-Saint-Georges Torcy Torcy 25,419

8 Champs-sur- Marne
Marne
Champs-sur- Marne
Marne
Torcy 24,913

9 Torcy Torcy Torcy 23,669

10 Roissy-en-Brie Pontault-Combault Torcy 22,559

11 Combs-la-Ville Combs-la-Ville Melun
Melun
22,086

12 Dammarie-lès-Lys Saint-Fargeau-Ponthierry Melun
Melun
21,094

13 Lagny-sur- Marne
Marne
Lagny-sur- Marne
Marne
Torcy 20,718

14 Le Mée-sur-Seine Savigny-le-Temple Melun
Melun
20,713

15 Ozoir-la-Ferrière
Ozoir-la-Ferrière
Ozoir-la-Ferrière
Ozoir-la-Ferrière
Torcy 19,917

DEMOGRAPHICS

People from Seine-et- Marne
Marne
are known as the Seine-et-Marnais.

Originally Seine-et- Marne
Marne
was very rural and lightly populated. Over the past 50 years, however, its population has tripled, due to the development of the Paris
Paris
conurbation and the building of new towns in the northwest of the region. The population was estimated to be 1,267,496 inhabitants in 2006. The region has changed from consisting only of small villages to forming a large part of the Paris conurbation.

Seine-et- Marne
Marne
as a whole shares a sister city relationship with Orlando , Florida
Florida
, United States
United States
, as both host Disney
Disney
theme parks.

PLACE OF BIRTH OF RESIDENTS

Place of birth of residents of Seine-et- Marne
Marne
in 1999 BORN IN METROPOLITAN FRANCE BORN OUTSIDE METROPOLITAN FRANCE

86.6% 13.4%

Born in Overseas France
France
BORN IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES WITH FRENCH CITIZENSHIP AT BIRTH1 EU-15 IMMIGRANTS2 NON- EU-15 IMMIGRANTS

1.4% 2.3% 3.8% 5.9%

1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa
Northwest Africa
, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France
France
in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics. 2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France
France
with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

TOURISM

* Collège de Juilly * Forest of Fontainebleau
Fontainebleau

*

Throne Room in the Palace of Fontainebleau
Fontainebleau
*

The walls of the medieval city of Provins
Provins
*

Vaux-le-Vicomte
Vaux-le-Vicomte
*

Knights Templar
Knights Templar
's commandry in Coulommiers

SEE ALSO

* Cantons of the Seine-et-Marne department * Communes of the Seine-et-Marne department * Arrondissements of the Seine-et-Marne department

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Lion, Christian, La Mutuelle de Seine-et- Marne
Marne
contre l'incendie de 1819 à 1969. Mutualité, assurance et cycles de l'incendie (Bruxelles etc., Peter Lang, 2008).

REFERENCES

* ^ "Insee - Populations légales 2013". Insee . Retrieved 25 August 2016.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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