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HER MAJESTY\'S PRINCIPAL SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EDUCATION (frequently shortened to the EDUCATION SECRETARY) is the chief minister of the Department for Education
Department for Education
in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
government. The position was re-established on 12 May 2010. Under the provisions for devolved government in the UK its remit applies only to England, covering;

* Early years * Adoption and child protection * Teachers’ pay * The school curriculum * School improvement * The establishment of academies and free schools.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 List

* 2.1 Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education * 2.2 President of the Board of Education * 2.3 Minister of Education * 2.4 Secretary of State for Education and Science
Science
* 2.5 Secretary of State for Education * 2.6 Secretary of State for Education and Employment * 2.7 Secretary of State for Education and Skills * 2.8 Secretaries of State for Children, Schools and Families; and Innovation, Universities and Skills * 2.9 Secretary of State for Education

* 3 External links * 4 References

HISTORY

A committee of the Privy Council was appointed in 1839 to supervise the distribution of certain government grants in the education field. The members of the committee were the Lord President of the Council
Lord President of the Council
, the Secretaries of State , the First Lord of the Treasury
First Lord of the Treasury
, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer
Chancellor of the Exchequer
. From 1857 a vice-president was appointed who took responsibility for policy.

On 1 April 1900, the Board of Education Act 1899 abolished the committee and instituted a new board, headed by a president. The members were initially very similar to the old committee and the president of the board was the Lord President of the Council; however, from 1902 this ceased to be the case and the president of the board was appointed separately (although the Marquess of Londonderry happened to hold both jobs from 1903 to 1905).

The Education Act 1944 replaced the Board of Education with a new Ministry of Education .

The Department of Education and Science
Science
was created in 1964 with the merger of the offices of Minister of Education and the Minister of Science.

In 1992, the responsibility for science was transferred to Cabinet Office 's Office of Public Service, and the department was renamed Department of Education. In 1995 the department merged with the Department of Employment to become the Department for Education
Department for Education
and Employment (DfEE) and in 2001 the employment functions were transferred to a newly created Department for Work and Pensions
Department for Work and Pensions
, with the DfEE becoming the Department for Education
Department for Education
and Skills (DfES). In 2007 under Gordon Brown's new premiership, the DfES was split into two new departments; the Department for Children, Schools and Families, and a Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills, under two new secretaries of state.

The ministerial office of the Secretary of State for Innovation, Universities and Skills was, in late 2009, amalgamated into the new ministerial office of the resurgent politician Peter Mandelson , made a peer and given the title Lord Mandelson as the newly created Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
– itself an amalgamation of the responsibilities of the Secretaries of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform and Innovation, Universities and Skills. The Secretary of State has remit over higher education policy as well as British business and enterprise. As of 14 July 2016, the position is held by Justine Greening , as her predecessor, Nicky Morgan , was sacked by Theresa May
Theresa May
.

LIST

VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE COMMITTEE OF THE COUNCIL ON EDUCATION

COLOUR KEY (for political parties): Whig Conservative Liberal

NAME PORTRAIT TERM OF OFFICE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

William Cowper

5 February 1857 21 February 1858 Whig

The Viscount Palmerston

Charles Adderley

12 March 1858 11 June 1859 Conservative

The Earl of Derby

Robert Lowe
Robert Lowe

24 June 1859 26 April 1864 (resigned) Liberal

The Viscount Palmerston

Henry Bruce

26 April 1864 26 June 1866 Liberal

The Earl Russell

Henry Lowry-Corry

26 June 1866 19 March 1867 Conservative

The Earl of Derby

Lord Robert Montagu

19 March 1867 1 December 1868 Conservative

Benjamin Disraeli
Benjamin Disraeli

William Edward Forster
William Edward Forster

9 December 1868 17 February 1874 Liberal

William Ewart Gladstone
William Ewart Gladstone

Viscount Sandon Liberal Unionist Conservative Liberal Labour National Labour

NAME PORTRAIT TERM OF OFFICE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

The Duke of Devonshire (also Lord President of the Council
Lord President of the Council
) 1 April 1900 8 August 1902 Liberal Unionist

The Marquess of Salisbury (Unionist Coalition )

The Marquess of Londonderry (also Lord President of the Council
Lord President of the Council
) 11 August 1902 4 December 1905 Conservative

Arthur Balfour
Arthur Balfour
(Unionist Coalition )

Augustine Birrell
Augustine Birrell

10 December 1905 23 January 1907 Liberal

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Henry Campbell-Bannerman

Reginald McKenna

23 January 1907 12 April 1908 Liberal

Walter Runciman

12 April 1908 23 October 1911 Liberal

H. H. Asquith

Jack Pease

23 October 1911 25 May 1915 Liberal

Arthur Henderson

25 May 1915 18 August 1916 Labour

H. H. Asquith (Coalition )

The Marquess of Crewe

18 August 1916 10 December 1916 Liberal

Herbert Fisher

10 December 1916 19 October 1922 Liberal

David Lloyd George
David Lloyd George
(Coalition )

Edward Wood (subsequently Lord Irwin and Viscount Halifax) 24 October 1922 22 January 1924 Conservative

Bonar Law
Bonar Law

Stanley Baldwin
Stanley Baldwin

Charles Trevelyan

22 January 1924 3 November 1924 Labour

Ramsay MacDonald
Ramsay MacDonald

Lord Eustace Percy

6 November 1924 4 June 1929 Conservative

Stanley Baldwin
Stanley Baldwin

Sir Charles Trevelyan

7 June 1929 2 March 1931 (resigned) Labour

Ramsay MacDonald
Ramsay MacDonald

Hastings Lees-Smith

2 March 1931 24 August 1931 Labour

Sir Donald Maclean

25 August 1931 15 June 1932 (died in office) Liberal

Ramsay MacDonald
Ramsay MacDonald
(1st War Coalition )

The Earl De La Warr

27 October 1938 3 April 1940 National Labour

Herwald Ramsbotham

3 April 1940 20 July 1941 Conservative

Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(War Coalition )

R. A. Butler

20 July 1941 3 August 1944 Conservative

MINISTER OF EDUCATION

COLOUR KEY (for political parties): Conservative Labour

NAME PORTRAIT TERM OF OFFICE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

R. A. Butler

3 August 1944 25 May 1945 Conservative

Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(War Coalition )

Richard Law 25 May 1945 26 July 1945 Conservative Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
(Caretaker Min. )

Ellen Wilkinson 3 August 1945 6 February 1947 (died in office) Labour

Clement Attlee
Clement Attlee

George Tomlinson 10 February 1947 26 October 1951 Labour

Florence Horsbrugh 2 November 1951 18 October 1954 Conservative

Sir Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill

David Eccles

18 October 1954 13 January 1957 Conservative

Sir Anthony Eden
Anthony Eden

The Viscount Hailsham

13 January 1957 17 September 1957 Conservative

Harold Macmillan
Harold Macmillan

Geoffrey Lloyd 17 September 1957 14 October 1959 Conservative

David Eccles

14 October 1959 13 July 1962 Conservative

Sir Edward Boyle, Bt 13 July 1962 1 April 1964 Conservative

Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Alec Douglas-Home

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EDUCATION AND SCIENCE

COLOUR KEY (for political parties): Conservative Labour

NAME PORTRAIT TERM OF OFFICE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

Quintin Hogg (formerly Viscount Hailsham) 1 April 1964 16 October 1964 Conservative

Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Alec Douglas-Home

Michael Stewart

18 October 1964 22 January 1965 Labour

Harold Wilson
Harold Wilson

Anthony Crosland
Anthony Crosland

22 January 1965 29 August 1967 Labour

Patrick Gordon Walker

29 August 1967 6 April 1968 Labour

Edward Short 6 April 1968 19 June 1970 Labour

Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher

20 June 1970 4 March 1974 Conservative

Edward Heath
Edward Heath

Reginald Prentice 5 March 1974 10 June 1975 Labour

Harold Wilson
Harold Wilson

Fred Mulley

10 June 1975 10 September 1976 Labour

Shirley Williams

10 September 1976 4 May 1979 Labour

James Callaghan
James Callaghan

Mark Carlisle 5 May 1979 14 September 1981 Conservative

Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher

Sir Keith Joseph, Bt 14 September 1981 21 May 1986 Conservative

Kenneth Baker

21 May 1986 24 July 1989 Conservative

John MacGregor 24 July 1989 2 November 1990 Conservative

Kenneth Clarke
Kenneth Clarke

2 November 1990 10 April 1992 Conservative

John Major
John Major

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EDUCATION

COLOUR KEY (for political parties): Conservative

NAME TERM OF OFFICE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

John Patten 10 April 1992 20 July 1994 Conservative

John Major
John Major

Gillian Shephard 20 July 1994 5 July 1995 Conservative

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EDUCATION AND EMPLOYMENT

COLOUR KEY (for political parties): Conservative Labour

NAME PORTRAIT TERM OF OFFICE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

Gillian Shephard 5 July 1995 2 May 1997 Conservative

John Major
John Major

David Blunkett
David Blunkett

2 May 1997 8 June 2001 Labour

Tony Blair
Tony Blair

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EDUCATION AND SKILLS

COLOUR KEY (for political parties): Labour

NAME PORTRAIT TERM OF OFFICE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

Estelle Morris

8 June 2001 24 October 2002 (resigned) Labour

Tony Blair
Tony Blair

Charles Clarke
Charles Clarke

24 October 2002 15 December 2004 Labour

Ruth Kelly
Ruth Kelly

15 December 2004 5 May 2006 Labour

Alan Johnson
Alan Johnson

5 May 2006 27 June 2007 Labour

SECRETARIES OF STATE FOR CHILDREN, SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES; AND INNOVATION, UNIVERSITIES AND SKILLS

In 2007, the education portfolio was divided between the Department for Children, Schools and Families (responsible for infant, primary and secondary education), and the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (responsible for further, higher and adult education). In 2009, the latter department was merged into the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
.

COLOUR KEY (for political parties): Labour Labour Co-operative

Sec.State for Children, Schools and Families Sec.State for Innovation, Universities and Skills TERM OF OFFICE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

Ed Balls

John Denham

28 June 2007 5 June 2009 Labour Labour Co-op (Balls) Gordon Brown
Gordon Brown

Post abolished; duties transferred to Sec.State for Business, Innovation and Skills. 5 June 2009 11 May 2010

SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EDUCATION

The Department for Education
Department for Education
and the post of Secretary of State for Education were recreated in 2010.

Responsibility for higher and adult education remained with the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
(Vince Cable 2010–2015, Sajid Javid
Sajid Javid
2015–2016), until reunited with the Department for Education
Department for Education
in 2016.

COLOUR KEY (for political parties): Conservative

NAME PORTRAIT TERM OF OFFICE POLITICAL PARTY PRIME MINISTER

Michael Gove
Michael Gove

11 May 2010 15 July 2014 Conservative

David Cameron (Coalition )

Nicky Morgan

15 July 2014 14 July 2016 Conservative

David Cameron (II )

Justine Greening

14 July 2016 Incumbent Conservative

Theresa May

.