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Schwerin
Schwerin
([ʃvɛˈʁiːn] or [ʃvəˈʁiːn], Mecklenburgian Swerin, Latin Suerina) is the capital and second-largest city of the northern German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The population is 98,000 as of July 2016.[2] Schwerin
Schwerin
was first mentioned in 1018 as Wendenburg and was granted city rights in 1160 by Henry the Lion, thus it is the oldest city of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. It is globally known for its romantic Schwerin Palace, situated on an island in the Lake Schwerin. The palace was one of the main residences of the dukes and grand dukes of Mecklenburg until 1918 and is the official seat of the state parliament since 1990. The city also has a largely intact old town, thanks to only minor damage in World War II. Schwerin
Schwerin
is located within the metropolitan region of Hamburg
Hamburg
and close to that of Berlin, and to nearby regiopolises of Rostock
Rostock
and Lübeck. Major industries and employers include high tech, machine building, healthcare, government agencies, railway supply, consumer goods and tourism. Schwerin
Schwerin
has three academic colleges, the FHM, HdBA and the Design School.

Contents

1 History 2 City Outline 3 Sister cities 4 Transport 5 Main sights

5.1 Museums

6 Sons and daughters of the town

6.1 18th century 6.2 19th century 6.3 20th century 6.4 1901-1950 6.5 1951 - 2000

7 Gallery 8 Footnotes 9 External links

History[edit] Schwerin
Schwerin
is enclosed by lakes. The largest of these lakes, the Schweriner See, has an area of 60 km2. In the middle part of these lakes there was a settlement of the Slavic Obotrite (dated back to the 11th century). The area was called Zuarin (Polabian Zwierzyn), and the name Schwerin
Schwerin
is derived from that designation. In 1160, Henry the Lion defeated the Obotrites
Obotrites
and captured Schwerin. The town was later expanded into a powerful regional centre. A castle was built on this site, and expanded to become a ducal palace. It is supposedly haunted by the small, impious ghost, called Petermännchen ("Peterman"). In 1358, Schwerin
Schwerin
became a part of the Duchy of Mecklenburg, making it the seat of the duchy from then on. About 1500, the construction of the Schwerin Palace
Schwerin Palace
began, as a residence for the dukes. After the division of Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
(1621), Schwerin
Schwerin
became the capital of the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Between 1765 and 1837, the town of Ludwigslust
Ludwigslust
served as the capital, until Schwerin
Schwerin
was reinstated. In the mid-1800s, many residents from Schwerin
Schwerin
moved to the United States, many to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Today Milwaukee
Milwaukee
and Schwerin
Schwerin
are sister cities. After 1918, and during the German Revolution, resulting in the fall of all the German monarchies, the Grand Duke abdicated. Schwerin
Schwerin
became capital of the Free State of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
thereafter. At the end of World War II, on 2 May 1945, Schwerin
Schwerin
was taken by U.S. troops. It was turned over to the British on 1 June 1945, and one month later, on 1 July 1945,[3] it was handed over to the Soviet forces, as the British and American forces pulled back from the line of contact to the predesignated occupation zones. Schwerin
Schwerin
was then in the Soviet Occupation Zone which was to become the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Initially, it was the capital of the State of Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
which at that time included the western part of Pomerania (Vorpommern). After the states were dissolved in the GDR, in 1952, Schwerin
Schwerin
served as the capital of the Schwerin
Schwerin
district (Bezirk Schwerin). After reunification in 1990, the former state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
was recreated as one of the Bundesländer. Rostock
Rostock
was a serious contender for state capital but the decision went in favour of Schwerin. City Outline[edit] The urban area of Schwerin
Schwerin
is divided into 18 local districts,[4] each with a local council. The districts consist of one or more districts. The local councilors have between 5 and 15 members depending on the number of inhabitants. They are determined by the city council for the duration of the election period of the city council after each municipal election. The local councilors are to hear important matters concerning the district and have a right of initiative. However, the final decisions are made by the city council of the city as a whole. The 18 present districts with their respective districts are: District 1: Schelfstadt, Werdervorstadt, Schelfwerder District 2: Altstadt
Altstadt
(Old Town), Feldstadt, Paulsstadt, Lewenberg District 3: Grosser Dreesch (former Dreesch I) District 4: Neu Zippendorf (former Dreesch II) District 5: Mueßer Holz (former Dreesch III) District 6: Gartenstadt, Ostorf (formerly Haselholz, Ostorf) District 7: Lankow District 8: Weststadt District 9: Krebsförden District 10: Wüstmark, Göhrener Tannen District 11: Görries District 12: Friedrichsthal District 13: Neumühle, Sacktannen District 14: Warnitz District 15: Wickendorf Locality 16: Medewege Locality 17: Zippendorf Locality 18: Mueß Sister cities[edit] Main article: list of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Vaasa, Finland Reggio Emilia, Italy Wuppertal, Germany Tallinn, Estonia Odense, Denmark Piła, Poland Växjö, Sweden Milwaukee, United States

Transport[edit] City buses and trams are run by NVS (Nahverkehr Schwerin).[5] Schwerin Hauptbahnhof
Schwerin Hauptbahnhof
(central station) is connected by rail to Berlin, Hamburg
Hamburg
and Rostock. Main sights[edit]

The landmark of the city is the Schwerin
Schwerin
Palace, located on an island in the lake of the same name (Schweriner See). It was, for centuries, the residence of the Dukes of Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
and today is the seat of the Landtag
Landtag
(state parliament). Schwerin
Schwerin
Cathedral, built in 1260–1416 in Brick Gothic
Brick Gothic
style. The Alter Garten (Old Garden) square, surrounded by buildings such as the 18th-century Altes Palais (Old Palace), the neoclassical Staatliches Museum Schwerin
Staatliches Museum Schwerin
(State Art Museum), built in 1877–1882, and the Staatstheater (City Theater), erected in 1886. The town hall (18th century) Schelfkirche
Schelfkirche
(Saint Nicolai, originally built 1238, but rebuilt in 1713 after destruction by a storm) TV Tower Schwerin-Zippendorf

Museums[edit]

The Staatliches Museum Schwerin-Kunstsammlungen (State Art Museum) houses a remarkable collection of 17th-century Dutch paintings and German art from medieval and renaissance masters up to the present day. There are also a collection of Greek vases, the notable collection of Paintings of Jean-Baptiste Oudry, a collection of sculptures of Houdon, German 18th-century court paintings, and works by such modern artists as Max Liebermann, Franz Stuck, Marcel Duchamp etc. The Graphic cabinet houses rich collections of Dutch and German drawings and prints (Jan van Goyen, Dürer, Cranach, Rembrandt, Merian etc.) and a notable collection of coloured graphics from the time of the GDR. The State Museum of Technology
State Museum of Technology
(Technische Museum), housed in the former Marstall (Royal Stables). In 2012 the Technische Museum moved to the city of Wismar located 40 km north of Schwerin.

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

Friedrich Ludwig Schröder

Franziska Ellmenreich
Franziska Ellmenreich
in 1881

18th century[edit]

Konrad Ernst Ackermann (1712-1771), actor Friedrich Ludwig Schröder
Friedrich Ludwig Schröder
(1744-1816), actor, theater director and playwright Karl Albert von Kamptz (1769-1849), lawyer and Prussian State and Minister of Justice

19th century[edit]

Karl Lemcke (1832-1913), art historian, songwriter, rector at the University of Stuttgart August Kundt (1839-1894), physicist Hans von Koester
Hans von Koester
(1844-1928), naval officer Franziska Ellmenreich
Franziska Ellmenreich
(1847-1931), actress Friedrich Klockmann (1858-1937), mineralogist Heinrich Friese (1860-1948), an entomologist and bee researcher Heinrich Cunow (1862-1938), ethnologist, writer and politician (SPD) Adolf Frederick, Duke of Mecklenburg- Schwerin
Schwerin
(1873-1969), Africa traveler, colonial politician and first president of the German Olympic Committee Alexandrine, (1879-1952), Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Hermann Baranowski (1884–1940), Nazi SS concentration camp commandant Paul Gosch
Paul Gosch
(1885-1940), painter and architect, Nazi victim Cecilie, Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin(1886-1954), last Crown Princess of the German Empire

Bernhard Schwentner

Bernhard Schwentner (1891-1944), Catholic priest and resistance fighter Wilhelm Gustloff (1895-1936), Nazi party leader

20th century[edit] 1901-1950[edit]

Franz Grünwoldt/Gruenwoldt (1908), forestry Ludwig Bölkow
Ludwig Bölkow
(1912-2003), industrialist Gudrun Zapf-von Hesse (born 1918), typographer and bookbinder Gabriele Hinzmann
Gabriele Hinzmann
(born 1947), athlete André Brie (born 1950), politician (The Left)

1951 - 2000[edit]

Anke Westendorf (born 1954), volleyball player Detlef Kübeck (born 1956), sprinter Rosemarie Kother
Rosemarie Kother
(born 1956), swimmer

Katrin Sass

Katrin Sass
Katrin Sass
(born 1956), theater, film and television actress Heidrun Bluhm
Heidrun Bluhm
(born 1958), politician (The Left) Andrea Pollack
Andrea Pollack
(born 1961), swimmer Matthias Stammann (born 1968), football player Heike Balck (born 1970), athlete Sylvia Roll (born 1973), volleyball player Hanka Pachale
Hanka Pachale
(born 1976), volleyball player Cathrin Schlüter (born 1980), volleyball player Robert Müller (born 1986), football player Stephan Gusche (born 1990), football player

Gallery[edit]

Aerial view of Schwerin
Schwerin
Palace

Schwerin Palace
Schwerin Palace
during the BUGA 2009, Germany's federal garden show

Aerial view of Schwerin

View of Schwerin
Schwerin
towards the center and its Brick Gothic
Brick Gothic
Cathedral (Schweriner Dom)

View of Schwerin's Schelfstadt
Schelfstadt
quarter and its baroque Schelf Church, the large Lake Schwerin
Lake Schwerin
in the back

St. Paul's church

Former power station (E-Werk)

FHM, private university

State Museum

Schwerin's State Museum and Mecklenburg
Mecklenburg
State Theatre

State Theatre

In the Schlossgarten (royal garden of Schwerin)

Panoramic view of Schwerin's historic city center.

Footnotes[edit]

^ "Bevölkerungsstand der Kreise, Ämter und Gemeinden in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
31.12.2016". Statistisches Amt Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
(in German). January 2018.  ^ http://www.svz.de/lokales/zeitung-fuer-die-landeshauptstadt/eine-wachsende-grossstadt-id14346686.html ^ Some evidence[citation needed] calls into doubt the date on which the British withdrew to the predesignated occupation zone. Local residents claim that the British forces did not relinquish control of Schwerin
Schwerin
until later in the year, probably November, following a brief artillery exchange across lake Schwerin
Schwerin
between the British and the Soviets. Allegedly there were no deaths. ^ "https://www.schwerin.de/kultur-tourismus/stadtportrait/stadtteile/". www.schwerin.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-07-26.  External link in title= (help) ^ NVS (Nahverkehr Schwerin)

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Schwerin.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Schwerin.

Schwerin's official website (in English) Tourism portal of Schwerin
Schwerin
(in English)

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Rostock Schwerin

Rural districts

Ludwigslust-Parchim Mecklenburgische Seenplatte Nordwestmecklenburg Rostock Vorpommern-Greifswald Vorpommern-Rügen

v t e

Capitals of states of the Federal Republic of Germany

Capitals of area states

Dresden
Dresden
(Saxony) Düsseldorf
Düsseldorf
(North Rhine-Westphalia) Erfurt
Erfurt
(Thuringia) Hanover
Hanover
(Lower Saxony) Kiel
Kiel
(Schleswig-Holstein) Magdeburg
Magdeburg
(Saxony-Anhalt) Mainz
Mainz
(Rhineland-Palatinate) Munich
Munich
(Bavaria) Potsdam
Potsdam
(Brandenburg) Saarbrücken
Saarbrücken
(Saarland) Schwerin
Schwerin
(Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) Stuttgart
Stuttgart
(Baden-Württemberg) Wiesbaden
Wiesbaden
(Hesse)

City-states1

Berlin City of Bremen
Bremen
(State of Bremen) Hamburg

Capitals of former states

Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg im Breisgau
(South Baden, 1949–1952) Stuttgart
Stuttgart
(Württemberg-Baden, 1949–1952) Tübingen
Tübingen
(Württemberg-Hohenzollern, 1949–1952)

1 Unlike the mono-city states Berlin
Berlin
and Hamburg, the State of Bremen consists of two cities, thus state and capital are not identical.

v t e

Capitals of the former East German Bezirke

East Berlin Cottbus Dresden Erfurt Frankfurt (Oder) Gera Halle Karl-Marx-Stadt (Chemnitz) Leipzig Magdeburg Neubrandenburg Potsdam Rostock Schwerin Suhl

v t e

Lower Saxon Circle
Lower Saxon Circle
(1500–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire

Ecclesiastical

Bremen1 Halberstadt1 Hildesheim Lübeck Magdeburg1 Ratzeburg2 Schwerin1

Secular

Bremen3 Brunswick and Lunenburg

Blankenburg4 Calenberg5 Celle5 Grubenhagen6 Hanover7 Wolfenbüttel

Holstein

Glückstadt Gottorp8 Pinneberg9

Mecklenburg

Güstrow10 Schwerin Strelitz11

Rantzau12 Regenstein Saxe-Lauenburg5

Cities

Bremen Goslar Hamburg Lübeck Mühlhausen Nordhausen

1 until 1648.   2 until 1701.   3 from 1648.   4 until 1731.   5 until 1705.   6 until 1596.   7 from 1708.   8 until 1773.   9 until 1640.   10 until 1695.   11 from 1701.   12 until 1734. Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral Rhenish     ·     Unencircled territories

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 143721111 LCCN: n50054

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