Schutzpolizei (German pronunciation: [ˌʃʊt͡spoliˈt͡saɪ]),
or Schupo (IPA: [ˈʃuːpo]) for short, is a branch of the
Landespolizei, the state (Land) level police of the German states.
Schutzpolizei literally means security or protection police but is
best translated as Protection police.
Schutzpolizei has by far the largest number of personnel, is on
duty 24 hours a day and has the broadest range of duties. On patrol
duty, mainly in vehicles, they keep their respective area under
surveillance. As in most other countries, the uniformed police in
Germany are usually the first to arrive at the scene of an incident,
whether it is a murder or traffic accident. They also take the initial
action (Erster Angriff), even if the case is handed over to
investigators of the
Kriminalpolizei (Kripo) later.
These police officers are also responsible for promoting public
safety, crime prevention, criminal prosecution and traffic control.
Law enforcement in Germany
Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz
ASSIK and GSG 9)
Zollkriminalamt (incl. ZUZ)
State police forces
Special units or branches
Arrest unit (incl. BFE+)
Special Deployment Commando
Local public order forces
Bahnpolizei (until 1992)
Bundesgrenzschutz (until 2005)
Polizei beim Deutschen Bundestag
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