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The Saronic Gulf
Saronic Gulf
(Greek: Σαρωνικός κόλπος, Saronikós kólpos) or Gulf of Aegina
Aegina
in Greece
Greece
is formed between the peninsulas of Attica
Attica
and Argolis
Argolis
and forms part of the Aegean Sea. It defines the eastern side of the isthmus of Corinth, being the eastern terminus of the Corinth Canal, which cuts across the isthmus.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Tributaries 3 Capes 4 Sailing in the Saronic Gulf 5 Other 6 See also 7 References

Geography[edit] The gulf includes the islands of Aegina, Salamis, and Poros
Poros
along with smaller islands of Patroklos and Fleves. The port of Piraeus, Athens' port, lies on the northeastern edge of the gulf. The site of the former Ellinikon International Airport
Ellinikon International Airport
is also in the northeast. Beaches line much of the gulf coast from Poros
Poros
to Epidaurus, Galataki to Kineta
Kineta
and from Megara
Megara
to Eleusis
Eleusis
and from Piraeus
Piraeus
down to Anavyssos. Athens' urban area surrounds the northern and the eastern coasts of this gulf. Bays in the gulf include Phaleron Bay, Elefsina Bay to the north, Kechries Bay in the northwest and Sofiko Bay in the east. The volcano of Methana
Methana
is located to the southwest along with Kromyonia at the Isthmus of Corinth, Aegina
Aegina
and Poros. Methana
Methana
is also the youngest most active volcano center and forms the northwestern end of the cycladic arch of active volcanoes that includes Milos island, Santorini island and Nisyros island. A hydropathic institute at Methana
Methana
makes use of the hot sulphurous water that still surfaces in the area. The most recent eruption was of a submarine volcano north of Methana
Methana
in the 17th century. The gulf has refineries around the northern part of the gulf including east of Corinth and west of Agioi Theodoroi, Eleusis, Aspropyrgos, Skaramangas and Keratsini. These refineries produce most of Greece's refined petroleum products, a large proportion of which are then exported. Commercial shipping to the refineries, Piraeus, and to and from the canal make the gulf quite a busy area with commercial shipping. The origin of the name comes from the mythological king Saron who drowned at the Psifaei lake (modern Psifta). The Saronic Gulf
Saronic Gulf
was a string of six entrances to the Underworld[citation needed], each guarded by a chthonic enemy in the shape of a thief or bandit. The Battle of Salamis, just to the west of modern-day Piraeus, was a major turning point in European history which saw the Athenians defeat Xerxes, assuring Athens its place as the cradle of modern European culture. Fault lines dominate especially in the northwestern part. The port of Cenchreae
Cenchreae
used to be situated here.

Panoramic view of Saronic Gulf
Saronic Gulf
from Poros
Poros
island

Tributaries[edit]

Kechries Bay Saronic Bay Coast (basin)

Lower Galataki Basin Upper Galataki Basin Examilia
Examilia
Basin Athikia Basin

Loutro Basin Megara
Megara
Bay/ Megara
Megara
Gulf Cephissus River (Eleusis) Cephissus (Athenian plain)
Cephissus (Athenian plain)
between Piraeus
Piraeus
and Phaliron.

Capes[edit]

Cape Lomvardi - SW of Vouliagmeni

Sailing in the Saronic Gulf[edit] Sailing is popular in the Saronic Gulf
Saronic Gulf
which, like the neighbouring Argolic Gulf, benefits from the Attic mainland's partial shelter from the summer Meltemi
Meltemi
wind that can reach Force 7 and above further to the east in the Aegean islands. The Gulf boasts two particularly notable archaeological sites: the ancient theatre at Epidaurus
Epidaurus
and nearby asclepieion and the Temple of Aphaia
Aphaia
on Aegina. Other[edit] The Saronic Gulf
Saronic Gulf
is one of congregating areas for short-beaked common dolphins in Aegean Sea.[1] On recent occasions, more of large whales such as fin whales have been sighted in the gulf due to improving environmental conditions.[2] See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saronic Gulf.

Megara
Megara
Gulf

References[edit]

^ "Current knowledge of the cetacean fauna of the Greek Seas" (pdf). 2003: 219–232. Retrieved 2016-04-21.  ^ A rare Fin Whale
Whale
visit in the Saronic Gulf

Coordinates: 37°47′52″N 23°37′04″E / 37.79778°N 23.61778°E /

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