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San Pedro de Macorís
San Pedro de Macorís
is a municipality (municipio) in the Dominican Republic and the capital of the San Pedro de Macorís
San Pedro de Macorís
province in the south-eastern region of the country; it is among the 10 largest cities of the Dominican Republic.[4] The city has approximately 195,000 inhabitants, when including the metro area. As a provincial capital, it houses the Universidad Central del Este university.

Contents

1 Name 2 History 3 Culture 4 Climate 5 Sports 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Name[edit] The name San Pedro came before that of Macorís. There are three versions regarding the origin of the name: the first attributes it to the fact that there is a San Pedro Beach in the city port; the second sees it as a tribute to General Pedro Santana, who was President at the time; and the third simply said it was in order to distinguish it from San Francisco de Macorís, a city in the north. San Pedro de Macorís
San Pedro de Macorís
has been poetically referred to as "Macorís of the Sea", "The Sultan of the East" and many call it the "Capital of the East".[5] History[edit] The city was established in 1822 on the western margin of the Higuamo River as a result of the immigration of settlers from the eastern part of Santo Domingo. In the year 1846, at the request of the inhabitants of the place called Macorix, the Conservative Council decided to declare the place as a military post. At that time, Macoris belonged to the province of Seybo, being made up of three communes: Seybo as the head municipality, Higüey and Samaná.

Calle Sanchez in the historic center of San Pedro de Macoris.

After 1840, the inhabitants moved from the western margin of the Higuamo to the eastern margin, where the city of San Pedro de Macorís was born, becoming one of the most productive cities of the Dominican Republic. The population was gradually increasing, dedicating itself to the production of provisions, and the quantities that reached the port of the capital in the boats of Macoris in the years 1868 to 1875, which were baptized there to the old fishermen's abode, were so great. the name of Macoris de los Plátanos.

Historic center of San Pedro de Macoris.

In 1852 Macorix is elevated to military port, this time depending on the common Hato Mayor, being Norman Maldonado his first commander in arms. In 1957 the constitutional mayorship was established and its first mayor was Juan María Pinto. On October 1, 1856, the first Catholic church was founded by Father Pedro Carrasco Capeller, a native of San José de los Llanos, who came to officiate Mass from Hato Mayor. The name San Pedro de Macoris was born in 1858 at the suggestion of the presbytery Elías González, who suggested placing Macorís first, "San Pedro" and removing the x so that San Pedro de Macorís would sound, with its patron saint, Pedro Pedro. This is where the patron saint festivities are born, starting on June 22 and ending on the 29th of the same month San Pedro de Macoris experienced a significant wave of migrantion in the late 19th century from Cubans
Cubans
who were fleeing their country's War of Independence. They brought their extensive sugar cane farming knowledge and contributed to making the sugar industry the most important economic activity in the area. San Pedro de Macorís
San Pedro de Macorís
reached its peak during the first quarter of the 20th century, when its sugar production enjoyed high prices on the international market as a result of the First World War. Many Europeans
Europeans
also settled in the city, making it a very cosmopolitan urban center. Pan American flew its seaplanes in regularly (Eastern Macorís has the privilege of being the first Dominican city to receive seaplanes, in its Higuamo River), at a time when this port enjoyed more commercial activity than the capital city of Santo Domingo. The next economic boom resulted in the recruitment of a large number of Afro-Caribbean workers from the Lesser Antilles. These workers and their descendants would soon comprise the majority of the population in the city and are known as the "Cocolos of San Pedro de Macoris."

Morey building.

San Pedro de Macorís
San Pedro de Macorís
pioneered many areas such as the first firefighting corps, the first national baseball championship, the first town to have telephone and telegraph centers, the first racetrack and the first boxing coliseum, among others. The first sugar factory was founded by Juan Amechazurra, milling for the first time on January 9, 1879. By 1894 there were many factories in the province that reached a high level of progress. The rapid industrial development placed the young city among the main ones of the Republic. The intellectual culture surged at the same pace with schools and the press; among the first newspapers were "Las Novedades", "Boletín", "La Locomotora" and "El Cable." Culture[edit] Some of the distinguished poets from San Pedro de Macorís
San Pedro de Macorís
include René del Risco, Pedro Mir, who held the title of National Poet; Esterbina Matos, Ludín Lugo, Juan Brayan and Mateo Robinson, among others. In regards to drinks, Macorís produces the "Guavaberry", a drink based on the araijan fruit, which is consumed during Christmas and has a sweet taste, not unlike a wine. It is frequently consumed in rum as an infusion. Although the species grew in Hispaniola already its use was introduced and spread by immigrants from the Eastern Caribbean where colonists had discovered it as a substitute for myrtleberry-infused schnapps. Climate[edit]

Climate data for San Pedro de Macorís
San Pedro de Macorís
(1961–1990)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 33.9 (93) 33.4 (92.1) 34.8 (94.6) 33.9 (93) 36.2 (97.2) 35.8 (96.4) 36.5 (97.7) 36.2 (97.2) 36.5 (97.7) 36.6 (97.9) 35.6 (96.1) 33.9 (93) 36.6 (97.9)

Average high °C (°F) 29.5 (85.1) 29.6 (85.3) 30.1 (86.2) 30.5 (86.9) 30.9 (87.6) 31.5 (88.7) 31.9 (89.4) 32.0 (89.6) 31.9 (89.4) 31.4 (88.5) 30.7 (87.3) 29.8 (85.6) 30.8 (87.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) 24.4 (75.9) 24.6 (76.3) 25.0 (77) 25.6 (78.1) 26.3 (79.3) 27.0 (80.6) 27.3 (81.1) 27.4 (81.3) 27.3 (81.1) 26.9 (80.4) 26.0 (78.8) 24.9 (76.8) 26.1 (79)

Average low °C (°F) 19.4 (66.9) 19.5 (67.1) 20.0 (68) 20.8 (69.4) 21.7 (71.1) 22.6 (72.7) 22.7 (72.9) 22.8 (73) 22.7 (72.9) 22.4 (72.3) 21.4 (70.5) 20.1 (68.2) 21.3 (70.3)

Record low °C (°F) 13.6 (56.5) 14.0 (57.2) 14.9 (58.8) 15.2 (59.4) 15.4 (59.7) 17.0 (62.6) 17.0 (62.6) 19.4 (66.9) 19.2 (66.6) 18.0 (64.4) 14.8 (58.6) 14.2 (57.6) 13.6 (56.5)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 31.1 (1.224) 29.9 (1.177) 35.9 (1.413) 50.0 (1.969) 133.4 (5.252) 99.7 (3.925) 90.9 (3.579) 128.4 (5.055) 145.8 (5.74) 145.9 (5.744) 91.8 (3.614) 56.7 (2.232) 1,039.5 (40.925)

Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.5 4.0 3.6 4.6 8.1 6.7 7.4 8.6 9.3 10.5 8.0 5.5 80.8

Source: NOAA[6]

Sports[edit] The city is home to the Estrellas Orientales
Estrellas Orientales
in the Dominican Winter Baseball
Baseball
League, who play at the Estadio Tetelo Vargas. San Pedro de Macoris is well known as the birthplace of a disproportionate number of professional baseball players.[7][8] According to Baseball-Reference, 76 players in Major League Baseball history were born in San Pedro de Macoris.[1] The city is often referred to as "The Cradle of Shortstops." When immigrants were brought in as contract labor for sugar plantations from the Eastern Caribbean they brought the sport of cricket. They formed teams and played against each other. The ownership and management of many of the sugar estates were American. The cricket teams were offered money by their players plantation managers to switch sports and they did. Native Dominicans picked up the game watching teams composed of Eastern Caribbeans. Over time, Vic Power established an extremely good youth system in San Pedro de Macoris and was one of the largest influences on making this city into the largest source of baseball talent in the world.[9] Players from the city with at least 400 games played or 250 innings pitched in the Major Leagues include:

Manny Alexander Joaquín Andújar George Bell Daniel Cabrera Robinson Canó Héctor Carrasco Rico Carty Luis Castillo Starlin Castro Jesús Colomé Johnny Cueto

Mariano Duncan Tony Fernández Pepe Frías Pedro González Pedro Guerrero José Jiménez Manny Jiménez Manuel Lee Josías Manzanillo Guillermo Mota Miguel Sanó

José Offerman Alexi Ogando Rafael Ramírez Ben Rivera Juan Samuel Juan Castillo Julio Santana Alfonso Soriano Sammy Sosa Fernando Tatís Salomón Torres José Valverde Rafael Batista

See also[edit]

San Pedro de Macorís
San Pedro de Macorís
Province List of cities in the Dominican Republic History of the Dominican Republic Kokolou

References[edit]

^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.  ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica ^ Oficina Nacional de Estadistica, Departamento de Cartografia, Division de Limites y Linderos. "Listado de Codigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Actualizada a Junio 20 del 2006" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-01-24. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ gour.net (2006-01-12). "San Pedro de Macoris". Retrieved 2007-10-13.  ^ "S.P Macoris Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 19, 2016.  ^ Marta Lugo (2005). "San Pedro de Macoris, Dominican Republic". Retrieved 2007-10-13.  ^ The Dominican capital of Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
currently has 106 MLB players compared to San Pedro's 76, but Santo Domingo's population is more than ten times that of San Pedro. ^ James, p. 469

External links[edit]

Universidad Central del Este website Fundacion San Pedro de Macoris website

v t e

Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic

Azua Baní Barahona Bonao Comendador Cotuí Dajabón El Seibo Hato Mayor Higüey Jimaní La Romana La Vega Mao Moca Monte Cristi Monte Plata Nagua Neiba Pedernales Puerto Plata Sabaneta Salcedo Samaná San Cristóbal San Francisco de Macorís San José de Ocoa San Juan de la Maguana San Pedro de Macorís Santiago de los Caballeros Santo Domingo Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
Este

Coordinates: 18°27′N 69°18′W / 18.450°N 69.300°W / 18.450; -69.300

v t e

Municipalities of the Dominican Republic

Azua

Azua de Compostela Estebanía Guayabal Las Charcas Padre Las Casas Peralta Pueblo Viejo Nueva Sabana Yegua Sabana Yegua Tábara Arriba Yayas de Viajama

Baoruco

Galván Los Ríos Neiba Tamayo Villa Jaragua

Barahona

Cabral El Peñón Enriquillo Fundación Jaquimeyes La Ciénaga Las Salinas Paraíso Polo Santa Cruz de Barahona Vicente Noble

Dajabón

Dajabón El Pino Loma de Cabrera Partido Restauración

Distrito Nacional

See: Sectors

Duarte

Arenoso Castillo Eugenio María de Hostos Las Guáranas Pimentel San Francisco de Macorís Villa Riva

Elías Piña

Bánica Comendador El Llano Hondo Valle Juan Santiago Pedro Santana

El Seibo

Miches Santa Cruz de El Seibo

Espaillat

Cayetano Germosén Gaspar Hernández Jamao al Norte Moca San Víctor

Hato Mayor

El Valle Hato Mayor del Rey Sabana de la Mar

Hermanas Mirabal

Salcedo Tenares Villa Tapia

Independencia

Cristóbal Duvergé Jimaní La Descubierta Mella Postrer Río

La Altagracia

Higüey San Rafael del Yuma

La Romana

Guaymate La Romana Villa Hermosa

La Vega

Concepción de la Vega Constanza Jarabacoa Jima Abajo

María Trinidad Sánchez

Cabrera El Factor Río San Juan Nagua

Monseñor Nouel

Bonao Maimón Piedra Blanca

Monte Cristi

Castañuela Guayubín Las Matas de Santa Cruz Pepillo Salcedo San Fernando de Monte Cristi Villa Vásquez

Monte Plata

Peralvillo Sabana Grande de Boyá Yamasá Bayaguana Monte Plata

Pedernales

Oviedo Pedernales

Puerto Plata

Altamira Guananico Imbert Los Hidalgos Luperón San Felipe de Puerto Plata Sosúa Villa Isabela Villa Montellano

Peravia

Baní Matanzas Nizao

Samaná

Las Terrenas Santa Bárbara de Samaná Sánchez

San Cristóbal

Bajos de Haina San Cristóbal Cambita Garabitos Los Cacaos Sabana Grande de Palenque San Gregorio de Nigua San Gregorio de Yaguate Villa Altagracia

San José de Ocoa

Rancho Arriba Sabana Larga San José de Ocoa

San Juan

Bohechío El Cercado Juan de Herrera Las Matas de Farfán San Juan de la Maguana Vallejuelo

San Pedro de Macorís

Consuelo Guayacanes Quisqueya Ramón Santana San José de los Llanos San Pedro de Macorís

Sánchez Ramírez

Cevicos Cotuí Fantino La Mata

Santiago

Baitoa Jánico Licey al Medio Puñal Sabana Iglesia San José de las Matas Santiago de los Caballeros Tamboril Bisonó Villa González

Santiago Rodríguez

San Ignacio de Sabaneta Monción Villa Los Almácigos

Santo Domingo

Los Alcarrizos Boca Chica Pedro Brand San Antonio de Guerra San Luis Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
Este Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
Norte Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo
Oeste

Valverde

Esperanza Laguna Salada

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