SAMUEL AUGUSTUS NUNN JR. (born September 8, 1938) is an American lawyer and politician . Currently the co-chairman of the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI), a charitable organization working to prevent catastrophic attacks with nuclear , biological and chemical weapons , Nunn served for 24 years as a United States Senator from Georgia (1972 until 1997) as a member of the Democratic Party . His political experience and credentials on national defense reportedly made him a potential running mate for Democratic presidential candidates John Kerry (2004 ) and Barack Obama (2008 ).
* 1 Early life * 2 Political career * 3 Post-Congressional life * 4 Personal life * 5 Speculation of 2008 presidential or vice-presidential candidacy * 6 Awards and honors * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links
Nunn was born in Macon, Georgia , the son of Mary Elizabeth (née Cannon) and Samuel Augustus Nunn, who was an attorney and mayor of Perry, Georgia. Nunn was raised in nearby Perry , and he grew up with family connection to politics; he was a grandnephew of Congressman Carl Vinson .
Nunn is an Eagle Scout and recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America . In high school, Nunn was a standout athlete, captaining the school's basketball team to a state championship.
Nunn attended Georgia Tech in 1956, where he was initiated as a brother of Phi Delta Theta . He transferred to Emory University in 1959 and received his undergraduate degree in 1960. He then received a degree from the Emory University School of Law in 1962. After active duty service in the United States Coast Guard , he served six years in the U.S. Coast Guard Reserve and served for a short time as a Congressional staffer.
Nunn returned to Perry to practice law and manage the family farm. Later, Nunn would serve as the president of the Perry Chamber of Commerce. In 1989, it was reported that Nunn had had a drunk driving accident in 1964. This report emerged during the United States Secretary of Defense confirmation hearings of ex-Senator John Tower . Nunn was opposing Tower due to Tower's alleged drinking problems.
Nunn first entered politics as a member of the Georgia House of Representatives in 1968. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1972, defeating appointed U.S. Senator David H. Gambrell in the Democratic primary and U.S. Rep. Fletcher Thompson in the general election . Nunn retired from the Senate in 1997, offering a lack of "zest and enthusiasm" as justification.
During his tenure in the U.S. Senate, Nunn served as chairman of the powerful U.S. Senate Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations . He also served on the Intelligence and Small Business Committees. His legislative achievements include the landmark Department of Defense Reorganization Act , drafted with the late Senator Barry Goldwater , and the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program, which provided assistance to Russia and the former Soviet republics for securing and destroying their excess nuclear, biological and chemical weapons.
The Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program deactivated more than 7,600 nuclear warheads . He was supposedly a top choice to be Secretary of Defense or State in 1992 and 1996 and in a prospective Gore cabinet in 2000.
Overall, Nunn was a moderate -to-conservative Democrat who often broke with his party on a host of social and economic issues . He opposed the budget bill of 1993, which included provisions to raise taxes in order to reduce the budget deficit . He neither supported nor opposed Hillary Clinton 's attempt to nationalize health care, though he spoke out very strongly against the proposed insurance mandate.
Nunn actively worked to block President Bill Clinton 's proposal to allow homosexuals to serve openly in the military .
In 2008, Nunn endorsed a new Pentagon study to examine the issue of homosexuals serving openly in the military: “I think 15 years go by on any personnel policy, it’s appropriate to take another look at it—see how it’s working, ask the hard questions, hear from the military. Start with a Pentagon study.”
According to opensecrets.org, Sam Nunn received about $2.4 million during his 1989-1994 political career. His main contributors were the finance/insurance/real estate sector (totaling $411,665; $46,660 was received from Goldman, Sachs "> Nunn in 2007
In addition to his work with the Nuclear Threat Initiative , Nunn has continued his service in the public policy arena as a distinguished professor in the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs at Georgia Tech . There, he hosts the biennial Sam Nunn Policy Forum, a policy meeting that brings together noted academic, government, and private-sector experts on technology, public policy, and international affairs to address issues of immediate importance to the nation.
Nunn is an active Advisory Board member for the Partnership for a Secure America , a not-for-profit organization dedicated to recreating the bipartisan center in American national security and foreign policy. He has signed a number of the organization's bipartisan policy statements on important issues ranging from climate change to enhanced interrogation practices and nonproliferation .
Additionally, Nunn serves as Chairman Emeritus of the Board of Trustees for the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, D.C. At CSIS Nunn and former Senator and United States Secretary of Defense William Cohen joined together for a series of public roundtable discussions designed to focus Americans on the seminal issues that the United States must face. The Cohen-Nunn Dialogues featured top thought leaders, public policy experts, prominent journalists, and leading scholars.
Nunn also is a retired partner in the law firm of King ">
Nunn is a Member of the Supervisory Council of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe , a not-for-profit organization uniting leading experts on non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, materials and delivery vehicles. He also serves on the Board of Advisors for the National Bureau of Asian Research , a non-profit, nonpartisan research institution.
In June 2013, Nunn added his voice to public support for an updated nuclear-arms limitation agreement with Russia. The 1992 Nunn-Lugar agreement had just expired at a time of increasing political tension between the two nations. Nunn applauded the determination of Presidents Obama and Putin to renew its core provisions, while urging further work to agree on chemical and biological weapons limits also.
Nunn is married to the former Colleen O'Brien. Nunn met his future wife at the U.S. Embassy in Paris while she was working for the Central Intelligence Agency . They have two children, Mary Michelle Nunn and Samuel Brian Nunn. Michelle Nunn served as CEO of Points of Light and is currently the CEO of CARE and ran unsuccessfully for the Senate in 2014 .
According to the Lee Iacocca book, Talking Straight (1988), Chrysler Corporation came under scrutiny for selling new vehicles which were driven by company executives before the odometers were connected. Iacocca, Chrysler's CEO, was not concerned about the scandal at first but, within days of a meeting with Nunn in 1987 in which Nunn spoke of his own recently purchased Chrysler Fifth Avenue , Iacocca launched a detailed investigation into the claims, and extended warranties - and public apologies - to numerous current Chrysler owners.
SPECULATION OF 2008 PRESIDENTIAL OR VICE-PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDACY
On August 19, 2007 Nunn said he would not decide on a presidential bid until after the 2008 primary season, when presumptive nominees by both parties would emerge. However, speculation over a Nunn White House bid ended on April 18, 2008, when he endorsed Democratic presidential contender Barack Obama.
Despite having publicly declared his lack of interest in being a candidate for vice president, Nunn continued to be mentioned by some political pundits and politicians as a potential running mate for Obama.
In an interview published June 4, 2008 by the Guardian , former President Jimmy Carter said that he favored Nunn, a fellow Georgian, as Obama's possible choice for Vice President. Peggy Noonan , a columnist and former Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush speechwriter also expressed her support for Nunn. In an interview with CNBC on August 22, 2008, billionaire investor Warren Buffett said that he favored Nunn as Obama's choice for Vice President.
AWARDS AND HONORS
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* In 1990, the Georgia Institute of Technology renamed its international affairs department, the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs. * In 1996, Nunn received the U.S. Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards . * In 2004, Nunn and Lugar were jointly awarded the Heinz Awards Chairman's Medal for their efforts. * 2006, received an honorary degree in Doctor of Humane Letters from Oglethorpe University . * In 2008, Nunn received the Hessian Peace Prize for his commitment on nuclear disarmament and for combating nuclear terrorism. * 2011 Georgia Trustee. Given by the Georgia Historical Society , in conjunction with the Governor of Georgia , to individuals whose accomplishments and community service reflect the ideals of the founding body of Trustees , which governed the Georgia colony from 1732 to 1752. * 2011 Inaugural recipient of the annual Ivan Allen Jr. Prize for Social Courage , awarded by the Georgia Institute of Technology and Georgia Tech's Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts * 2013 Knight Commander of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany * In September 2014, Nunn was awarded the Lone Sailor Award by the U.S. Navy Veterans Memorial.
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