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Saltash
Saltash
is a town and civil parish in southeast Cornwall, England, UK. It has a population of 16,184 at the 2011 census.[1] It lies in the south east of Cornwall, facing Plymouth
Plymouth
over the River Tamar. It was in the Caradon
Caradon
district until March 2009 and is known as "the Gateway to Cornwall". Saltash
Saltash
means ash tree by the salt mill. Saltash
Saltash
is best known for the I.K Brunel Railway Overpass Bridge, a towering 134-foot bridge, constructed in 1854, which frequently transports trains over the River Tamar.

Contents

1 Description 2 History

2.1 Saltash
Saltash
Ferry 2.2 Antony Passage Ferry 2.3 Toponymy 2.4 Early history 2.5 Parish churches

3 Education 4 Festivals 5 Notable residents 6 Sport and leisure 7 Local attractions 8 Other things named Saltash 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 External links

Description[edit]

The Royal Albert Bridge
Royal Albert Bridge
(1859) and the Tamar Bridge
Tamar Bridge
(1961) looking towards Saltash.

Saltash
Saltash
is the location of Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge, opened by HRH Prince Albert on 2 May 1859. It takes the railway line across the River Tamar. Alongside it is the Tamar Bridge, a toll bridge carrying the A38 trunk road, which in 2001 became the first suspension bridge to be widened whilst remaining open to traffic. Saltash railway station
Saltash railway station
is close to the town centre. It was hoped that the empty buildings could be restored as a visitor centre for the bridge, but they have instead been purchased by a property developer. The station is served by a regular train service, with some direct High Speed services to and from London Paddington. Stagecoach South West, Plymouth
Plymouth
Citybus, and Go Cornwall
Cornwall
Bus operate bus services from Saltash, into Plymouth
Plymouth
city centre, Launceston, Liskeard, Looe, and Polperro. The cottage of Mary Newman, Sir Francis Drake's first wife, can be found in Saltash
Saltash
on Culver Road downhill from Saltash
Saltash
railway station. Nearby are the castles at Trematon and Ince, as well as the nature reserve at Churchtown Farm, where there are some wonderful walks, with stunning views of the river. Burrell House near Saltash
Saltash
was built in 1621 and has a wing dated 1636. The entrance side was altered in the 18th century.[2] The town expanded in the 1990s with the addition of the large new estate Latchbrook, and again with the more recent building of another housing area, Pillmere. In the summer of 2009 the Saltash
Saltash
postcode area was judged as the most desirable place to live in Great Britain in a survey that included statistics from school results and crime figures.[3] History[edit] Saltash
Saltash
Ferry[edit] The history of Saltash
Saltash
is linked to the passage, or ferrying place across the Tamar. The original ferry became established by fishermen for those passing to and from the monastery at St Germans and to Trematon Castle. After the Norman Conquest, Robert, Count of Mortain, who held the castle and manor at Trematon, took the market from the canons at St. Germans and established it at Saltash. The Count granted Trematon and other manors to the de Valletorts, who had then to provide for the ferry boat. In the twelfth century a borough was founded (1190), and Saltash
Saltash
became the only franchised seaport between Dartmouth and Fowey. This fact has given rise to the Saltash
Saltash
saying, Saltash
Saltash
was a borough town, when Plymouth
Plymouth
was a fuzzy down ('fuzzy' = 'fursy' i.e. covered in gorse), as the town of Plymouth
Plymouth
and its seaport did not exist in 1190. In medieval times the ferry was part of the manor of Trematon, held by the Valletorts.[4] Antony Passage Ferry[edit]

Antony Passage

The Antony Passage Ferry, which is mentioned in documents as early as 1324, was situated within the St Stephens suburb of Saltash
Saltash
civil parish. The ferry belonged to the Daunay family in the 14th Century, in 1450 it passed to the Carew family, and by the end of the 18th century it was taken over by the Crosley family, who operated the ferry for several generations, until it fell into disuse in the early 1950s. The route linked Jupiter Point (part of the Antony Estate), Antony Passage and Passage Point (both part of Saltash). Officially the Antony Passage Ferry is still in existence since, as a public ferry, an Act of Parliament would be necessary to terminate it, and it still appears on Ordnance Survey maps.[5] Toponymy[edit] The Charter of Incorporation refers to the place as 'Essa' (Latin for 'Ash'). However, the spelling of the town has changed over the years. For example, in Edward the Confessor's time it was called and spelt 'Aysche'. In the 1584 Charter it is stated that Essa is now commonly called Saltash. A family called Essa lived in the twelfth century at their property near Ashtor Rock, where the Manor Courts were once held. The 'Salt' part of the name was added to distinguish it from other places called Ash. Early history[edit]

Saltash
Saltash
Guildhall; the Guildhall was built about 1780 and extended and restored in 1925[6]

Roger de Valletort (Reginald de Valle Torta) sold out in 1270 to Richard, Earl of Cornwall
Cornwall
and King of the Romans
King of the Romans
while Edward, the Black Prince, became the first Duke of Cornwall, and a visitor to Trematon Castle. in 1549 there was a Cornish insurrection
Cornish insurrection
against the introduction of the Protestant
Protestant
liturgy, and the rebels under Humphrey Arundell, for which he was beheaded at Tyburn, gained possession of Trematon Castle by treachery, capturing Sir Richard Grenville, the elder, in the process. They then carried out acts of barbarity on their surprised visitors. The arms of Saltash
Saltash
are Az. the base water proper in pale an escutcheon Or thereon a lion rampant Gu. within a bordure Sa. bezantee ensigned with a prince's coronet of the third on either side of the escutcheon an ostrich feather Arg. labelled Or.[7] There are seals of Saltash: A three-masted ship with sails furled at anchor; and An escutcheon charges with a lion rampant within a bordure bezantee resting upon water surmounted by a coronet composed on crosses patee and fleurs-de-lis and either side an ostrich feather; with the legends "Sigillum aquate Saltash" and "Sigillum Saltashe" respectively.[8] Parish churches[edit]

St Stephen's Church

St. Nicholas & St. Faith's Church

The parish church of Saltash
Saltash
was, until 1881, St Stephen's by Saltash, one mile from the town. Though of earlier foundation, the structure of the building is largely 15th century: there are two aisles and the tower is west of the north aisle. The font is Norman. This church was probably founded in Norman times by the lords of Trematon Castle. Like the castle it belonged later to the Earls and Dukes of Cornwall; in 1351 King Edward III appropriated it to the Deanery of Windsor so that the benefice became a vicarage. In medieval times there was a chapel at Saltash
Saltash
and private chapels at Shillingham ((1318), Trehan ((1332), Earth (1413) and Trevalward (1395). The chapel at Saltash
Saltash
was dedicated to Saint Nicholas
Saint Nicholas
and Saint Faith
Saint Faith
and became the parish church of the town in 1881.[9] St. Nicholas & St. Faith's Church has an unbuttressed tower adjoining the former north transept which remains from the original Norman church. Also Norman are the blocked south door, most of the masonry of the chancel, the nave, the south transept and the west wall. A north chancel chapel was added in the 14th century. In the 15th century a north aisle was added to the nave; the wagon roofs of the north aisle and the nave are of the same date. The font is probably Norman and is of an unusual vague shape. There is a monument to three naval officers, John and James Drew and J. W. Drew, who were drowned in 1798 and 1799.[10] Education[edit]

Brunel Primary School

Primary schools in Saltash
Saltash
include Burraton CP School, Bishop Cornish (V.A) Primary School, Brunel School (previously Longstone Infant School and Saltash
Saltash
Junior School) and St Stephens School, St Germans CP School The secondary school in Saltash
Saltash
was designated as a Science and Mathematics & Computing Specialist College in September 2004, and renamed saltash.net community school. Cornwall
Cornwall
College has a campus in Saltash. Festivals[edit] Saltash
Saltash
hosts a number of annual festivals: Saltash
Saltash
Mayfair takes place in and around Fore Street during early May, and Saltash
Saltash
Town Regatta brings music and entertainment to the Waterside area in the summer. On the water there are intense Gig races with the best teams taking part, along with Flashboat rowing and dinghy racing, and the now infamous ' England
England
and back' race between local organisations. For 2008 a new five towns challenge has been added to the list of events, pitting Saltash
Saltash
against Liskeard, Callington, Looe
Looe
and Torpoint. Ashore you will find many stalls, music and marquees. See the Regatta and Mayfair websites listed below for more information. Notable residents[edit]

Statue of the champion rower Ann Glanville
Ann Glanville
in Fore Street.

Sir Evan Nepean
Evan Nepean
1st Bt was born in St Stephens near Saltash
Saltash
in 1752. George Carter Bignell, the eminent entomologist, lived on Home Park Road until his death in 1910. A large collection of his insect specimens is held at the Plymouth
Plymouth
Museum.[11] Dame Moura Lympany
Dame Moura Lympany
the pianist was born in Saltash
Saltash
in 1916. Ann Glanville, born 1796; champion gig rower who lived all her life in Saltash.[12] Mary Newman, first wife of Sir Francis Drake.[13] Colin Sullivan (footballer), born 1951; former football player for Plymouth
Plymouth
Argyle, born in Saltash. He is considered the best left-back to ever play for the club, inducted into the all-time best XI in 2004.

Sport and leisure[edit]

The Livewire Youth Project building

Saltash
Saltash
is the home of Caradon
Caradon
Pilot Gig Rowing Club. The town has a Non-League football
Non-League football
club Saltash United F.C.
Saltash United F.C.
who play at Kimberly Stadium. Livewire Youth Project, a music-themed youth club, is located on the banks of the River Tamar. The club boasts a recording studio, band practice rooms, and a 300-person capacity music venue. Well known bands such as The Damned and The Hoosiers
The Hoosiers
have played at the project. Social, romantic and sexual health advice and support is offered by Livewire as well.[14] A cycling club is situated at Tamar view industrial estate.Regular rides take place throughout the year. The cycling club has all levels and abilities. Saltash
Saltash
Leisure centre provides a leisure pool, gym and fitness facilities. Not far to the north is the China Fleet Country Club which has an 18-hole championship standard golf course, a swimming pool with spa and other fitness facilities. The Saltash
Saltash
Sailing Club caters for all ages with over 100 cadets out on the water on a Friday night. There are dinghy and yacht races and activities organised for those less competitive. A BMX and skatepark are available in the Saltmill Park along with pieces of public art. Saltmill is also home to an all-weather pitch available to local organisations. Saltash
Saltash
Tennis Centre, which is located behind the Leisure centre. The tennis centre consists of two grass courts and two hard courts, along with a clubhouse with male and female changing. The club currently has three men's team in the Plymouth
Plymouth
and District league (P&D league) and a women's team in the associative ladies P&D league. The club also has two junior teams in the U19 P&D leagues. Local attractions[edit]

Elliott's Shop

Cotehele House
Cotehele House
(National Trust) St. Mellion International Resort Royal Albert Bridge Tamar Bridge River Cruises from Saltash
Saltash
Pier China Fleet Country Club Elliott's Shop - historic grocery store Mary Newman's Cottage Saltash
Saltash
Art Trail Saltash
Saltash
Heritage Trail Saltash
Saltash
Museum and local history centre Saltash
Saltash
Tennis Centre Saltmill Park Celtic Cross Saltash
Saltash
United FC Tideford Cricket Club Tincombe Nature Reserve

Other things named Saltash[edit] There have been both real and fictitious Royal Navy
Royal Navy
ships named HMS Saltash. "Saltash" is also a popular traditional Cornish tune. At Brunel University, Uxbridge, one of the halls of residence is named Saltash
Saltash
because of Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge. British saxophonist John Surman's 2012 album (produced by ECM) is named Saltash
Saltash
Bells. References[edit]

^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 11 February 2015.  ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 48 ^ Khan, Urmee (10 August 2009). " Saltash
Saltash
in Cornwall
Cornwall
is Britain's most desirable postcode". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 January 2010.  ^ Henderson, C. (1935) "Cornish Ferries", in Essays in Cornish History, edited by A. L. Rowse
A. L. Rowse
and M. I. Henderson. Oxford: Clarendon Press; pp. 163-67 ^ "Antony Passage Ferry - Saltash". Brucehunt.co.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2014.  ^ Beacham, Peter & Pevsner, Nikolaus (2014) Cornwall. (The Buildings of England.) New Haven: Yale University Press; p. 610 ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall: Lodenek Press. p. 134. ISBN 0-902899-76-7.  ^ Pascoe; pp. 134-35 ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 199 & 192 ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., revised by Enid Radcliffe. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 206 ^ "George Bignell". Plymouth.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 10 August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2014.  ^ " Saltash
Saltash
History - Ann Glanville". Kernoweb.myby.co.uk. Archived from the original on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 30 September 2014.  ^ " Saltash
Saltash
History - Mary Newman". Kernoweb.myby.co.uk. Archived from the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2014.  ^ "Livewire Youth Music Project". Livewireyouth.com. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

Vosper, Douglas C. (1968). A Glimpse of Saltash. Liskeard: Snell & Cowling.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saltash.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Saltash.

 "Saltash". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). 1911.  Saltash
Saltash
Town Council Online Catalogue for Saltash
Saltash
at the Cornwall
Cornwall
Record Office Saltash
Saltash
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

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Bodmin Bude Callington Camborne Camelford Falmouth Fowey Hayle Helston Launceston Liskeard Looe Lostwithiel Marazion Newlyn Newquay Padstow Par Penryn Penzance Porthleven Redruth Saltash St Austell St Blazey St Columb Major St Ives St Just in Penwith St Mawes Stratton Torpoint Truro Wadebridge See also: List of civil parishes in Cornwall

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Antony Boconnoc Botusfleming Broadoak Callington Calstock Deviock Dobwalls and Trewidland Duloe Landrake with St Erney Lanreath Landulph Lanlivery Lanteglos Linkinhorne Liskeard Looe Lostwithiel Luxulyan Maker-with-Rame Menheniot Millbrook Morval Pelynt Pillaton Polperro Quethiock Saltash Sheviock South Hill St Cleer St Dominick St Germans St Ive St John St Keyne St Martin-by-Looe St Mellion St Neot St Pinnock St Veep St Winnow Torpoint Warleggan

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