Saltash is a town and civil parish in southeast Cornwall, England, UK.
It has a population of 16,184 at the 2011 census. It lies in the
south east of Cornwall, facing
Plymouth over the River Tamar. It was
Caradon district until March 2009 and is known as "the Gateway
Saltash means ash tree by the salt mill.
Saltash is best
known for the I.K Brunel Railway Overpass Bridge, a towering 134-foot
bridge, constructed in 1854, which frequently transports trains over
the River Tamar.
2.2 Antony Passage Ferry
2.4 Early history
2.5 Parish churches
5 Notable residents
6 Sport and leisure
7 Local attractions
8 Other things named Saltash
11 External links
Royal Albert Bridge
Royal Albert Bridge (1859) and the
Tamar Bridge (1961) looking
Saltash is the location of Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Royal Albert
Bridge, opened by HRH Prince Albert on 2 May 1859. It takes the
railway line across the River Tamar. Alongside it is the Tamar Bridge,
a toll bridge carrying the A38 trunk road, which in 2001 became the
first suspension bridge to be widened whilst remaining open to
Saltash railway station
Saltash railway station is close to the town centre. It was hoped that
the empty buildings could be restored as a visitor centre for the
bridge, but they have instead been purchased by a property developer.
The station is served by a regular train service, with some direct
High Speed services to and from London Paddington.
Stagecoach South West,
Plymouth Citybus, and Go
Cornwall Bus operate
bus services from Saltash, into
Plymouth city centre, Launceston,
Liskeard, Looe, and Polperro.
The cottage of Mary Newman, Sir Francis Drake's first wife, can be
Saltash on Culver Road downhill from
Saltash railway station.
Nearby are the castles at Trematon and Ince, as well as the nature
reserve at Churchtown Farm, where there are some wonderful walks, with
stunning views of the river. Burrell House near
Saltash was built in
1621 and has a wing dated 1636. The entrance side was altered in the
The town expanded in the 1990s with the addition of the large new
estate Latchbrook, and again with the more recent building of another
housing area, Pillmere. In the summer of 2009 the
area was judged as the most desirable place to live in Great Britain
in a survey that included statistics from school results and crime
The history of
Saltash is linked to the passage, or ferrying place
across the Tamar. The original ferry became established by fishermen
for those passing to and from the monastery at St Germans and to
After the Norman Conquest, Robert, Count of Mortain, who held the
castle and manor at Trematon, took the market from the canons at St.
Germans and established it at Saltash. The Count granted Trematon and
other manors to the de Valletorts, who had then to provide for the
ferry boat. In the twelfth century a borough was founded (1190), and
Saltash became the only franchised seaport between Dartmouth and
Fowey. This fact has given rise to the
Saltash was a
borough town, when
Plymouth was a fuzzy down ('fuzzy' = 'fursy' i.e.
covered in gorse), as the town of
Plymouth and its seaport did not
exist in 1190. In medieval times the ferry was part of the manor of
Trematon, held by the Valletorts.
Antony Passage Ferry
The Antony Passage Ferry, which is mentioned in documents as early as
1324, was situated within the St Stephens suburb of
parish. The ferry belonged to the Daunay family in the 14th Century,
in 1450 it passed to the Carew family, and by the end of the 18th
century it was taken over by the Crosley family, who operated the
ferry for several generations, until it fell into disuse in the early
1950s. The route linked Jupiter Point (part of the Antony Estate),
Antony Passage and Passage Point (both part of Saltash).
Officially the Antony Passage Ferry is still in existence since, as a
public ferry, an Act of Parliament would be necessary to terminate it,
and it still appears on Ordnance Survey maps.
Charter of Incorporation refers to the place as 'Essa' (Latin for
'Ash'). However, the spelling of the town has changed over the years.
For example, in Edward the Confessor's time it was called and spelt
'Aysche'. In the 1584 Charter it is stated that Essa is now commonly
called Saltash. A family called Essa lived in the twelfth century at
their property near Ashtor Rock, where the Manor Courts were once
held. The 'Salt' part of the name was added to distinguish it from
other places called Ash.
Saltash Guildhall; the Guildhall was built about 1780 and extended and
restored in 1925
Roger de Valletort (Reginald de Valle Torta) sold out in 1270 to
Richard, Earl of
King of the Romans
King of the Romans while Edward, the
Black Prince, became the first Duke of Cornwall, and a visitor to
in 1549 there was a
Cornish insurrection against the introduction of
Protestant liturgy, and the rebels under Humphrey Arundell, for
which he was beheaded at Tyburn, gained possession of Trematon Castle
by treachery, capturing Sir Richard Grenville, the elder, in the
process. They then carried out acts of barbarity on their surprised
The arms of
Saltash are Az. the base water proper in pale an
escutcheon Or thereon a lion rampant Gu. within a bordure Sa. bezantee
ensigned with a prince's coronet of the third on either side of the
escutcheon an ostrich feather Arg. labelled Or. There are seals of
Saltash: A three-masted ship with sails furled at anchor; and An
escutcheon charges with a lion rampant within a bordure bezantee
resting upon water surmounted by a coronet composed on crosses patee
and fleurs-de-lis and either side an ostrich feather; with the legends
"Sigillum aquate Saltash" and "Sigillum Saltashe" respectively.
St Stephen's Church
St. Nicholas & St. Faith's Church
The parish church of
Saltash was, until 1881, St Stephen's by Saltash,
one mile from the town. Though of earlier foundation, the structure of
the building is largely 15th century: there are two aisles and the
tower is west of the north aisle. The font is Norman.
This church was probably founded in Norman times by the lords of
Trematon Castle. Like the castle it belonged later to the Earls and
Dukes of Cornwall; in 1351 King Edward III appropriated it to the
Deanery of Windsor so that the benefice became a vicarage. In medieval
times there was a chapel at
Saltash and private chapels at Shillingham
((1318), Trehan ((1332), Earth (1413) and Trevalward (1395). The
Saltash was dedicated to
Saint Nicholas and
Saint Faith and
became the parish church of the town in 1881.
St. Nicholas & St. Faith's Church has an unbuttressed tower
adjoining the former north transept which remains from the original
Norman church. Also Norman are the blocked south door, most of the
masonry of the chancel, the nave, the south transept and the west
wall. A north chancel chapel was added in the 14th century. In the
15th century a north aisle was added to the nave; the wagon roofs of
the north aisle and the nave are of the same date. The font is
probably Norman and is of an unusual vague shape. There is a monument
to three naval officers, John and James Drew and J. W. Drew, who were
drowned in 1798 and 1799.
Brunel Primary School
Primary schools in
Saltash include Burraton CP School, Bishop Cornish
(V.A) Primary School, Brunel School (previously Longstone Infant
Saltash Junior School) and St Stephens School, St Germans
The secondary school in
Saltash was designated as a Science and
Mathematics & Computing Specialist College in September 2004, and
renamed saltash.net community school.
Cornwall College has a campus in Saltash.
Saltash hosts a number of annual festivals:
Saltash Mayfair takes
place in and around Fore Street during early May, and
Regatta brings music and entertainment to the Waterside area in the
summer. On the water there are intense Gig races with the best teams
taking part, along with Flashboat rowing and dinghy racing, and the
now infamous '
England and back' race between local organisations. For
2008 a new five towns challenge has been added to the list of events,
Saltash against Liskeard, Callington,
Looe and Torpoint.
Ashore you will find many stalls, music and marquees. See the Regatta
and Mayfair websites listed below for more information.
Statue of the champion rower
Ann Glanville in Fore Street.
Evan Nepean 1st Bt was born in St Stephens near
Saltash in 1752.
George Carter Bignell, the eminent entomologist, lived on Home Park
Road until his death in 1910. A large collection of his insect
specimens is held at the
Dame Moura Lympany
Dame Moura Lympany the pianist was born in
Saltash in 1916.
Ann Glanville, born 1796; champion gig rower who lived all her life in
Mary Newman, first wife of Sir Francis Drake.
Colin Sullivan (footballer), born 1951; former football player for
Plymouth Argyle, born in Saltash. He is considered the best left-back
to ever play for the club, inducted into the all-time best XI in 2004.
Sport and leisure
The Livewire Youth Project building
Saltash is the home of
Caradon Pilot Gig Rowing Club. The town has a
Non-League football club
Saltash United F.C.
Saltash United F.C. who play at Kimberly
Livewire Youth Project, a music-themed youth club, is located on the
banks of the River Tamar. The club boasts a recording studio, band
practice rooms, and a 300-person capacity music venue. Well known
bands such as The Damned and
The Hoosiers have played at the project.
Social, romantic and sexual health advice and support is offered by
Livewire as well.
A cycling club is situated at Tamar view industrial estate.Regular
rides take place throughout the year. The cycling club has all levels
Saltash Leisure centre provides a leisure pool, gym and fitness
facilities. Not far to the north is the China Fleet Country Club which
has an 18-hole championship standard golf course, a swimming pool with
spa and other fitness facilities.
Saltash Sailing Club caters for all ages with over 100 cadets out
on the water on a Friday night. There are dinghy and yacht races and
activities organised for those less competitive.
A BMX and skatepark are available in the Saltmill Park along with
pieces of public art. Saltmill is also home to an all-weather pitch
available to local organisations.
Saltash Tennis Centre, which is located behind the Leisure centre. The
tennis centre consists of two grass courts and two hard courts, along
with a clubhouse with male and female changing. The club currently has
three men's team in the
Plymouth and District league (P&D league)
and a women's team in the associative ladies P&D league. The club
also has two junior teams in the U19 P&D leagues.
Cotehele House (National Trust)
St. Mellion International Resort
Royal Albert Bridge
River Cruises from
China Fleet Country Club
Elliott's Shop - historic grocery store
Mary Newman's Cottage
Saltash Art Trail
Saltash Heritage Trail
Saltash Museum and local history centre
Saltash Tennis Centre
Saltash United FC
Tideford Cricket Club
Tincombe Nature Reserve
Other things named Saltash
There have been both real and fictitious
Royal Navy ships named HMS
Saltash. "Saltash" is also a popular traditional Cornish tune. At
Brunel University, Uxbridge, one of the halls of residence is named
Saltash because of Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge. British saxophonist
John Surman's 2012 album (produced by ECM) is named
^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 11 February 2015.
^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 48
^ Khan, Urmee (10 August 2009). "
Cornwall is Britain's most
desirable postcode". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25 January
^ Henderson, C. (1935) "Cornish Ferries", in Essays in Cornish
History, edited by
A. L. Rowse
A. L. Rowse and M. I. Henderson. Oxford: Clarendon
Press; pp. 163-67
^ "Antony Passage Ferry - Saltash". Brucehunt.co.uk. Retrieved 30
^ Beacham, Peter & Pevsner, Nikolaus (2014) Cornwall. (The
Buildings of England.) New Haven: Yale University Press; p. 610
^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall: Lodenek
Press. p. 134. ISBN 0-902899-76-7.
^ Pascoe; pp. 134-35
^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 199 & 192
^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed., revised by Enid Radcliffe.
Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 206
^ "George Bignell". Plymouth.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 10
August 2016. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
Saltash History - Ann Glanville". Kernoweb.myby.co.uk. Archived
from the original on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 30 September
Saltash History - Mary Newman". Kernoweb.myby.co.uk. Archived from
the original on 3 August 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
^ "Livewire Youth Music Project". Livewireyouth.com. Retrieved 30
Vosper, Douglas C. (1968). A Glimpse of Saltash. Liskeard: Snell &
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saltash.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Saltash.
"Saltash". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). 1911.
Saltash Town Council
Online Catalogue for
Saltash at the
Cornwall Record Office
Saltash at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Ceremonial county of Cornwall
Council of the Isles of Scilly
St Columb Major
St Just in Penwith
See also: List of civil parishes in Cornwall
Population of major settlements
Places of interest
Outline of Cornwall
Index of Cornwall-related articles
Civil parishes of South East
Dobwalls and Trewidland
Landrake with St Erney