SALTASH (Cornish : Essa ) is a town and civil parish in southeast
Cornwall , England, UK. It has a population of 14,964, which rose to
16,184 at the 2011 census. It lies in the south east of Cornwall,
Plymouth over the
River Tamar . It was in the
until March 2009 and is known as "the Gateway to Cornwall". Saltash
means ash tree by the salt mill.
Saltash is the largest town within
Cornwall area and is one of the largest in Cornwall.
* 1 Description
* 2 History
* 2.2 Antony Passage Ferry
* 2.3 Toponymy
* 2.4 Early history
* 2.5 Parish churches
* 3 Education
* 4 Festivals
* 5 Notable residents
* 6 Sport and leisure
* 7 Local attractions
* 8 Other things named
* 9 References
* 10 Bibliography
* 11 External links
Royal Albert Bridge (1859) and the
Tamar Bridge (1961)
looking towards Saltash.
Saltash is the location of
Isambard Kingdom Brunel
Isambard Kingdom Brunel 's Royal Albert
Bridge , opened by HRH Prince Albert on 2 May 1859. It takes the
railway line across the River Tamar. Alongside it is the Tamar Bridge
, a toll bridge carrying the A38 trunk road , which in 2001 became the
first suspension bridge to be widened whilst remaining open to
Saltash railway station
Saltash railway station is close to the town centre. It was hoped
that the empty buildings could be restored as a visitor centre for the
bridge, but they have instead been purchased by a property developer.
The station is served by a regular train service, with some direct
High Speed services to and from London Paddington .
Stagecoach South West ,
Plymouth Citybus , and Go
operate bus services from Saltash, into
Plymouth city centre,
Launceston, Liskeard, Looe, and Polperro.
The cottage of Mary Newman,
Sir Francis Drake 's first wife, can be
Saltash on Culver Road downhill from
Saltash railway station.
Nearby are the castles at Trematon and Ince , as well as the nature
Churchtown Farm , where there are some wonderful walks,
with stunning views of the river. Burrell House near
Saltash was built
in 1621 and has a wing dated 1636. The entrance side was altered in
the 18th century.
The town expanded in the 1990s with the addition of the large new
estate Latchbrook, and again with the more recent building of another
housing area, Pillmere. In the summer of 2009 the
area was judged as the most desirable place to live in Great Britain
in a survey that included statistics from school results and crime
The history of
Saltash is linked to the passage, or ferrying place
across the Tamar. The original ferry became established by fishermen
for those passing to and from the monastery at St Germans and to
Trematon Castle .
Norman Conquest ,
Robert, Count of Mortain
Robert, Count of Mortain , who held the
castle and manor at Trematon, took the market from the canons at St.
Germans and established it at Saltash. The Count granted Trematon and
other manors to the de Valletorts, who had then to provide for the
ferry boat. In the twelfth century a borough was founded (1190), and
Saltash became the only franchised seaport between Dartmouth and Fowey
. This fact has given rise to the
Saltash was a
borough town, when
Plymouth was a fuzzy down ('fuzzy' = 'fursy' i.e.
covered in gorse), as the town of
Plymouth and its seaport did not
exist in 1190. In medieval times the ferry was part of the manor of
Trematon, held by the Valletorts.
ANTONY PASSAGE FERRY
The Antony Passage Ferry, which is mentioned in documents as early as
1324, was situated within the St Stephens suburb of
parish. The ferry belonged to the Daunay family in the 14th Century,
in 1450 it passed to the Carew family, and by the end of the 18th
century it was taken over by the Crosley family, who operated the
ferry for several generations, until it fell into disuse in the early
1950s. The route linked Jupiter Point (part of the Antony Estate),
Antony Passage and Passage Point (both part of Saltash).
Officially the Antony Passage Ferry is still in existence since, as a
public ferry, an Act of Parliament would be necessary to terminate it,
and it still appears on Ordnance Survey maps.
Charter of Incorporation refers to the place as 'Essa' (Latin for
'Ash'). However, the spelling of the town has changed over the years.
For example, in
Edward the Confessor
Edward the Confessor 's time it was called and spelt
'Aysche'. In the 1584 Charter it is stated that Essa is now commonly
called Saltash. A family called Essa lived in the twelfth century at
their property near Ashtor Rock, where the Manor Courts were once
held. The 'Salt' part of the name was added to distinguish it from
other places called Ash.
Roger de Valletort (Reginald de Valle Torta ) sold out in 1270 to
Richard, Earl of
King of the Romans
King of the Romans while Edward, the
Black Prince , became the first Duke of
Cornwall , and a visitor to
in 1549 there was a
Cornish insurrection against the introduction of
Protestant liturgy , and the rebels under
Humphrey Arundell , for
which he was beheaded at
Tyburn , gained possession of Trematon Castle
by treachery, capturing
Sir Richard Grenville , the elder, in the
process. They then carried out acts of barbarity on their surprised
The arms of
Saltash are Az. the base water proper in pale an
escutcheon Or thereon a lion rampant Gu. within a bordure Sa. bezantee
ensigned with a prince's coronet of the third on either side of the
escutcheon an ostrich feather Arg. labelled Or. There are seals of
Saltash: A three-masted ship with sails furled at anchor; and An
escutcheon charges with a lion rampant within a bordure bezantee
resting upon water surmounted by a coronet composed on crosses patee
and fleurs-de-lis and either side an ostrich feather; with the legends
"Sigillum aquate Saltash" and "Sigillum Saltashe" respectively.
St Stephen\'s Church St. Nicholas in 1351 King Edward
III appropriated it to the Deanery of Windsor so that the benefice
became a vicarage. In medieval times there was a chapel at
private chapels at Shillingham ((1318), Trehan ((1332), Earth (1413)
and Trevalward (1395). The chapel at
Saltash was dedicated to Saint
Saint Faith and became the parish church of the town in
St. Nicholas the wagon roofs of the north aisle and the nave are of
the same date. The font is probably Norman and is of an unusual vague
shape. There is a monument to three naval officers, John and James
Drew and J. W. Drew, who were drowned in 1798 and 1799.
Primary schools in
Saltash include Burraton CP School, Bishop Cornish
(V.A) Primary School, Brunel School (previously Longstone Infant
Saltash Junior School) and St Stephens School, St Germans
The secondary school in
Saltash was designated as a Science and
Mathematics "> Statue of the champion rower
Ann Glanville in Fore
Evan Nepean 1st Bt was born in St Stephens near
George Carter Bignell , the eminent entomologist, lived on Home
Park Road until his death in 1910. A large collection of his insect
specimens is held at the
Dame Moura Lympany the pianist was born in
Saltash in 1916.
Ann Glanville , born 1796; champion gig rower who lived all her
life in Saltash.
* Mary Newman, first wife of
Sir Francis Drake .
SPORT AND LEISURE
Saltash is the home of
Caradon Pilot Gig Rowing Club. The town has a
Non-League football club
Saltash United F.C. who play at Kimberly
Livewire Youth Project, a music-themed youth club, is located on the
banks of the River Tamar. The club boasts a recording studio, band
practice rooms, and a 300-person capacity music venue. Well known
bands such as The Damned and
The Hoosiers have played at the project.
Social, romantic and sexual health advice and support is offered by
Livewire as well.
A cycling club is situated at Tamar view industrial estate.Regular
rides take place throughout the year. The cycling club has all levels
Saltash Leisure centre provides a leisure pool, gym and fitness
facilities. Not far to the north is the China Fleet Country Club which
has an 18-hole championship standard golf course, a swimming pool with
spa and other fitness facilities.
Saltash Sailing Club caters for all ages with over 100 cadets out
on the water on a Friday night. There are dinghy and yacht races and
activities organised for those less competitive.
A BMX and skatepark are available in the Saltmill Park along with
pieces of public art. Saltmill is also home to an all-weather pitch
available to local organisations.
Saltash Tennis Centre, which is located behind the Leisure centre.
The tennis centre consists of two grass courts and two hard courts,
along with a clubhouse with male and female changing. The club
currently has three men's team in the
Plymouth and District league
(P&D league) and a women's team in the associative ladies P&D league.
The club also has two junior teams in the U19 P"> Elliott's Shop
Cotehele House (National Trust)
St. Mellion International Resort
St. Mellion International Resort
Royal Albert Bridge
* River Cruises from
* China Fleet Country Club
* Elliott's Shop - historic grocery store
* Mary Newman's Cottage
Saltash Art Trail
Saltash Heritage Trail
Saltash Museum and local history centre
Saltash Tennis Centre
* Saltmill Park
* Celtic Cross
Saltash United FC
* Tideford Cricket Club
* Tincombe Nature Reserve
OTHER THINGS NAMED SALTASH
There have been both real and fictitious
Royal Navy ships named HMS
Saltash . "Saltash" is also a popular traditional Cornish tune. At
Brunel University , Uxbridge, one of the halls of residence is named
Saltash because of Brunel's Royal Albert Bridge. British saxophonist
John Surman 's 2012 album (produced by ECM) is named
Saltash Bells .
* ^ "List of Place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel" (PDF).
Cornish Language Partnership. May 2014. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
* ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish
Headcounts : Caradon. Retrieved 30 January 2010.
* ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 11 February 2015.
* ^ Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall; 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p.
* ^ Khan, Urmee (10 August 2009). "
Britain\'s most desirable postcode". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 25
* ^ Henderson, C. (1935) "Cornish Ferries", in Essays in Cornish
History, edited by
A. L. Rowse
A. L. Rowse and M. I. Henderson. Oxford: Clarendon
Press; pp. 163-67
* ^ "Antony Passage Ferry - Saltash". Brucehunt.co.uk. Retrieved 30
* ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall:
Lodenek Press. p. 134. ISBN 0-902899-76-7 .
* ^ Pascoe; pp. 134-35
* ^ Cornish Church Guide (1925) Truro: Blackford; p. 199 2nd ed.,
revised by Enid Radcliffe. Harmondsworth: Penguin; p. 206
* ^ "George Bignell". Plymouth.gov.uk. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
* ^ "
Saltash History - Ann Glanville". Kernoweb.myby.co.uk.
Retrieved 30 September 2014.
* ^ "
Saltash History - Mary Newman". Kernoweb.myby.co.uk. Retrieved
30 September 2014.
* ^ "Livewire Youth Music Project". Livewireyouth.com. Retrieved 30
* Vosper, Douglas C. (1968). A Glimpse of Saltash. Liskeard: Snell