Rubin Goldmark (August 15, 1872 – March 6, 1936) was an American
composer, pianist, and educator. Although in his time he was an
often-performed American nationalist composer, his works are seldom
played now. Today he is best known as the teacher of other important
Aaron Copland and George Gershwin.
1 Early life
2 Return to the United States
3 Teaching career
4 Musical works
7 External links
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Rubin Goldmark was born in
New York City
New York City in 1872, a nephew of composer
Karl Goldmark. Goldmark completed his undergraduate studies at City
College in New York. After completing his studies in the United States
in 1889, Goldmark traveled to Austria, where he studied at the Vienna
Conservatory until 1891. There he studied piano and composition, the
former with Livonius, the latter with Johann Nepomuk Fuchs.
Return to the United States
After the conclusion of his studies in Vienna, Goldmark returned to
United States. From 1891 to 1893 he taught piano and music theory at
the National Conservatory in New York City. While in New York,
Goldmark also studied composition with
Antonín Dvořák and piano
with Rafael Joseffy. Goldmark moved to Colorado Springs, Colorado,
hoping to improve his poor health, and was the director of the
Colorado Conservatory of Music from 1895 to 1901.
Upon Goldmark's return to New York in 1902, he focused much of his
energy on teaching. Over the 30-year period that Goldmark remained in
New York he gave over five hundred lectures on music, music theory,
and composition. That is not to say he ceased composing all together
– while Goldmark's music lies out of the standard repertoire of the
twentieth century, he was highly regarded by his contemporaries. He
was also the founder and frequent speaker at The Bohemians, a New York
While Goldmark began his career as a composer and pianist, he is best
known for his work as a teacher. When not lecturing, or composing,
however, Goldmark taught several private students. Famously, Goldmark
taught a fifteen-year-old
Aaron Copland and the young George Gershwin.
Though Copland was often critical of Goldmark because he found him
"too pedantic and academic", Goldmark gave Copland a strong foundation
which Copland would rely upon for the rest of his career (Howard,
George Gershwin also turned to Goldmark during the
composition of his piano concerto. While his
Rhapsody in Blue
Rhapsody in Blue had been
orchestrated by Ferde Grofé, he wished to orchestrate his piano
concerto himself, and sought Goldmark's advice (Howard, 249).
Goldmark's influence as a teacher extended beyond just Gershwin and
Copland. In 1924, Goldmark became the Head of Composition at the
Juilliard School of Music
Juilliard School of Music in New York City.
Notable students include composers
Fannie Charles Dillon
Fannie Charles Dillon and Sammy
Though seldom performed today, Goldmark's music was performed
regularly during his lifetime. In fact, his Negro Rhapsody was among
the most performed pieces in the seven years following World War I. In
1910, he was also awarded the 1909 Paderewski Prize for Chamber Music.
His other important works include Hiawatha, The Call of the Plains,
and his Requiem. Goldmark's nationalism is clearly evident from many
of the titles of his works – even the ambiguously titled Requiem
(perf. 1919) was inspired by Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.
Goldmark's other compositions include a string quartet, a piano trio,
a violin sonata, several orchestral pieces, piano music, and songs.
^ a b c Perlis, New Grove Dictionary of American Music, v. II, p. 239
^ Baker, Baker's Biographical Dictionary, eighth edition, p. 644
Baker, Theodore, rev. Nicolas Slonimsky, ed. (1992), "Goldmark,
Rubin", Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians (Eighth ed.), New
York: Schirmer Books, p. 644, ISBN 0-02-872415-1
Howard, John Tasker (June 1967). A Short History of Music in America
(1 ed.). Apollo Editions. ISBN 0-8152-0162-1.
Perlis, Vivian (1986), "Goldmark, Rubin", in Hitchcock, H. Wiley, and
Stanley Sadie, The New Grove Dictionary of American Music, II, London:
Macmillan, p. 239, ISBN 0-943818-36-2
Saleski, Gdal (1927). Famous Musicians of a Wandering Race. Kessinger
Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4286-2516-7.
Free scores by
Rubin Goldmark at the International Music Score Library
ISNI: 0000 0000 5513 3047
BNF: cb13925090j (data)