The RIVER FOWEY (/ˈfɔɪ/ ( listen ) FOY ; Cornish : Fowi) is a
Cornwall , England,
United Kingdom .
It rises at FOWEY WELL (originally Cornish : Fenten Fowi, meaning
spring of the river Fowey) about 1-mile (1.6 km) north-west of Brown
Bodmin Moor , not far from one of its tributaries rising at
Dozmary Pool and
Colliford Lake , passes
Lanhydrock House , Restormel
Lostwithiel , then broadens at Milltown before joining the
English Channel at
Fowey . The estuary is called UZELL (Cornish :
Usel, meaning howling place). It is only navigable by larger craft for
the last 7 miles (11 km). There is a ferry between
Fowey and Bodinnick
. The first road crossing going upstream is in
Lostwithiel . The river
has seven tributaries, the largest being the
Lerryn . The
section of the
Fowey Valley between
railway station is known as the GLYNN VALLEY (Cornish : Glyn, meaning
deep wooded valley). The valley is the route of both the A38 trunk
road and the railway line (built by the
Cornwall Railway in 1859). The
railway line is carried on eight stone viaducts along this stretch
Cornwall Railway viaducts ).
* 1 Geology and hydrology
* 2 Wildlife and conservation
* 3 Recreation
* 4 Transport on the river
* 5 References
* 6 External links
GEOLOGY AND HYDROLOGY
The upper reaches of the
Fowey are mainly moorland giving way to
woodland and farmland, predominantly livestock. This means that 63.6%
of the catchment is grassland, with a further 18.3% woodland and 10.7%
arable land. Of the remaining 7.5%, 2.6% is urban or built-up areas,
2.5% is mountain, heath and bog and the remainder is inland waters.
The catchment area of the
Fowey covers a total of 41,800 acres
(65.3 sq. miles) consisting of kaolinised granite on
Devonian slates and grits, and valley gravels. Data collected by the
National Water Archive shows that average flow at the Restormel
monitoring station is 4.78 cubic m/s and is affected by the reservoirs
Colliford and Sibleyback and by abstraction of water for public
The former quarry of the Glynn Valley China Clay Works has closed
down and is now flooded. It was in operation from the 1940s but since
2015 the site has been used for camping.
WILDLIFE AND CONSERVATION
Golitha Falls Entrance to Golitha Woods River
Fowey at Trago Mills 12th-century bridge at Lostwithiel,
crossing the river
The river runs through two Sites of
Special Scientific Interest
(SSSI), one of which is also part of a National Nature Reserve (NNR).
Fowey SSSI is a floodplain on the southern slopes of Bodmin
Moor and is designated for its wet heath vegetation and herbaceous
valley-floor mire communities. Lower down the river at Golitha Falls
part of the woodland is designated a NNR and is within the Draynes
Wood SSSI. At this point the river runs through a gorge and is of
particular importance for ″lower plants″ such as liverworts ,
mosses and lichens . Golitha (pronounced Goleetha) is derived from
the Cornish word for obstruction. There is a 1-3-mile (4.8 km)
riverside walk, from the visitor car park. Golitha Falls is the site
of Wheal Victoria copper mine
Fowey valley is designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural
Beauty so many hikers, holidaymakers and tourists visit the places of
interest and eat freshly caught fish. The river has very pleasant
sites and special paths made for hiking and walking along the banks
and in the countryside surrounding the towns.
Fowey is famous for its sailing because of its natural
harbour. In the past it has been visited by up to 7,000 yachts in one
season. Almost all sections of the river have been paddled by kayakers
and canoeists : the whitewater sections high up on the moor, all the
way down to the estuary.
Fowey has an excellent local chandlery.
Many fish can be caught in the
Fowey so many fishermen come to
enjoy the excellent fishing conditions.
TRANSPORT ON THE RIVER
FOWEY TO POLRUAN PASSENGER AND CYCLE FERRY. The summer service runs 1
May – 30 September from Whitehouse Slip until 1815 hrs. From 1830
hrs the service operates from Town Quay until 2300 hrs. Continuous
service from 0715 hrs Monday – Saturday and 0900 hrs on Sunday.
Please check notice board for further information during August.
Winter service runs 1 October – 30 April leaving Town Quay. Monday
– Saturday 0715 hrs until 1900 hrs continuous service. Sundays 1000
hrs until 1700 hrs continuous service.
Ferry services are subject to
FOWEY TO BODINNICK VEHICLE FERRY. The summer service operates 1 April
– 31 October, starting at 0700 hrs Monday – Saturday and 0800 hrs
on Sunday and running until 1900 hrs. The winter service operates 1
November – 31 March, and runs until 2045 hrs or dusk (whichever
comes first). The service starts 0700 hrs Monday – Friday, 0800 hrs
on Saturday and 0900 hrs on Sunday. N.B.
Ferry services are subject to
FOWEY TO MEVAGISSEY PASSENGER FERRY is a timetabled summer service
Fowey and Mevagissey leaving Whitehouse Slip. Journey time is
around 40 minutes, please see leaflet or notice board for sailings. An
alternative route to The
Lost Gardens of Heligan , finishing the
journey by foot or taxi. This service is dependent on weather
* ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : LIST OF
PLACE-NAMES AGREED BY THE MAGA SIGNAGE PANEL. Cornish Language
* ^ "
Fowey at Restormel: Land use". Natural Environment Research
Council. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
* ^ A B C "48011 –
Fowey at Restormel". Natural Environment
Research Council. Retrieved 2010-02-18.
* ^ Evans, Dixe (2016-07-02) "Ship me to the Cornish moors"; The
Guardian, p. 5
* ^ "Upper
Fowey SSSI" (PDF).
Natural England . 1989. Retrieved 29
* ^ "Golitha Falls NNR".
Natural England . Retrieved 29 October
* ^ "Draynes Wood SSSI" (PDF).
Natural England . 1985. Retrieved 29
* ^ "Golitha Falls".
Cornwall Council. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
* ^ "Wheal Victoria Copper Mine - Photo
File Cornwall". Retrieved 27