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Reichskriminalpolizeiamt (RKPA), was Nazi Germany's central criminal investigation department, founded in 1936 after the Prussian central criminal investigation department (Landeskriminalpolizeiamt) became the national criminal investigation department for Germany. It was merged, along with the secret state police department, the Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo) as two sub-branch departments of the Sicherheitspolizei
Sicherheitspolizei
(SiPo). The SiPo was under Reinhard Heydrich's overall command. In September 1939, with the founding of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt
Reichssicherheitshauptamt
(Reich Main Security office; RSHA), the Sicherheitspolizei
Sicherheitspolizei
as a functioning state agency ceased to exist as the department was merged into the RSHA.

Contents

1 Central organization 2 Regional organization 3 Local organization 4 Merger 5 References

5.1 Citations 5.2 Bibliography

Central organization[edit] The central organization contained a national surveillance register and eleven centers for national crimes.[1]

Fraud Drugs Missing persons Pornography Trafficking International pickpockets Gambling "Romani people" Serious violent crimes Professional fraud Professional burglary

Regional organization[edit] 14 Kriminalpolizeileitstellen (regional criminal investigation units).[1] Local organization[edit] 51 Kriminalpolizeistellen (local criminal investigation units).[1] Merger[edit] In 1936, the RKPA was formed after the Prussian central criminal investigation department (Landeskriminalpolizeiamt) became the national criminal investigation department for Germany. The state police agencies in Germany were then statutorily divided into the Ordnungspolizei
Ordnungspolizei
(regular or order police) and the Sicherheitspolizei (state security police; SiPo). The RKPA was merged, along with the secret state police, the Geheime Staatspolizei
Geheime Staatspolizei
or Gestapo as two sub-branch departments of the SiPo.[2] Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich
was placed in overall command of the SiPo and its central command office, the Hauptamt Sicherheitspolizei. He was already head of the Sicherheitsdienst
Sicherheitsdienst
(SD) and Gestapo.[3][4] Arthur Nebe
Arthur Nebe
was appointed the Reichskriminaldirektor of the Reichskriminalpolizeiamt, and reported to Heydrich.[5] In September 1939, the Reichssicherheitshauptamt
Reichssicherheitshauptamt
(RSHA) was created as the command organization for the various state investigation and security agencies.[6] The Hauptamt Sicherheitspolizei
Sicherheitspolizei
was officially abolished and its departments were folded into the RSHA. The Reichskriminalpolizeiamt became Amt V (Department V), the Kriminalpolizei (Criminal Police) in the RSHA.[1] On 15 August 1944, Friedrich Panzinger took over as chief of Amt V in the RSHA until the end of the war in Europe.[5] References[edit] Citations[edit]

^ a b c d Martin Eberhard (1999), Die Kriminalpolizei 1933-1939 (Universität Konstanz, Philosophische Fakultät 2013-12-15. ^ Williams 2001, p. 77. ^ Williams 2001, pp. 61, 77. ^ Weale 2010, pp. 134, 135. ^ a b Friedlander 1995, p. 55. ^ Weale 2012, pp. 140–144.

Bibliography[edit]

Friedlander, Henry (1995). The Origins of Nazi Genocide: From Euthanasia to the Final Solution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 978-0807822081.  Weale, Adrian (2010). The SS: A New History. London: Little, Brown. ISBN 978-1408703045.  Weale, Adrian (2012). Army of Evil: A History of the SS. New York: Caliber Printing. ISBN 978-0-451-23791-0.  Williams, Max (2001). Reinhard Heydrich: The Biography, Volume 1—Road To War. Church Stretton: Ulric Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9537577-5-6. 

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