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A regulatory agency (also regulatory authority, regulatory body or regulator) is a public authority or government agency responsible for exercising autonomous authority over some area of human activity in a regulatory or supervisory capacity. An independent regulatory agency is a regulatory agency that is independent from other branches or arms of the government. Regulatory agencies deal in the areas of administrative law, regulatory law, secondary legislation, and rulemaking (codifying and enforcing rules and regulations and imposing supervision or oversight for the benefit of the public at large). The existence of independent regulatory agencies is justified by the complexity of certain regulatory and supervisory tasks that require expertise, the need for rapid implementation of public authority in certain sectors, and the drawbacks of political interference. Some independent regulatory agencies perform investigations or audits, and other may fine the relevant parties and order certain measures. Regulatory agencies are usually a part of the executive branch of the government, and they have statutory authority to perform their functions with oversight from the legislative branch. Their actions are generally open to legal review. Regulatory authorities are commonly set up to enforce standards and safety or to oversee use of public goods and regulate commerce. Examples of regulatory agencies are the Interstate Commerce
Commerce
Commission and the Food and Drug Administration in the United States, the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency and Ofcom
Ofcom
in the United Kingdom, and the Telecom Regulatory Authority in India. See Internet regulation in Turkey for additional examples.

Contents

1 Functioning 2 Areas 3 See also 4 References

Functioning[edit] To ensure that it does fill its role, a regulatory agency uses mechanisms such as the following

transparency of information and decision-making procedures of consultation and participation requirement that administrators give reasons explaining their actions requirement that administrators follow principles that promote non-arbitrary and responsive decisions arrangements for review of administrative decisions by courts or other bodies

Areas[edit]

Advertising regulation Alcoholic beverages Bank regulation Consumer protection Cyber-security regulation Financial regulation Food safety
Food safety
and food security Noise regulation Nuclear safety Minerals Occupational safety and health Public health Regulation and monitoring of pollution Regulation of acupuncture Regulation of nanotechnology Regulation of sport Regulation of therapeutic goods Regulation through litigation Telecommunication Vehicle regulation Regulation of ship pollution in the United States Regulation and prevalence of homeopathy Regulation of science Wage regulation

See also[edit]

Agencies of the European Union Civil service commission Code of Federal Regulations Constitutional economics Crown corporation Deregulation Election management body Government agency Government-owned corporation Independent agencies of the United States
United States
government Independent regulatory agencies in Turkey International regulation Law enforcement agency Liberalization List of regulators in the United Kingdom List of regulators in India Non-departmental public body Public administration Public utilities commission Quango Quasi-judicial body Regulation school Regulatory capture Regulatory compliance Regulatory economics Special-purpose district Statutory
Statutory
authority Statutory
Statutory
corporation Public bodies

References[edit]

Portal
Portal
of the European independent agencies International comparison of position of independent agencies

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