The REGIONS OF ITALY (Italian: regioni) are the first-level
administrative divisions of
Each region, except for the Aosta Valley , is divided into provinces . Regions are autonomous entities with powers defined in the Constitution .
* 1 History
* 1.1 Regional control
* 2 Regions * 3 Macroregions
* 4 Status
* 4.1 Regions with ordinary statute * 4.2 Autonomous regions with special statute
* 5 Institutions * 6 Representation in the Senate * 7 Economy of regions and macroregions
* 8 See also
* 8.1 Other administrative divisions
* 9 References
* 10 External links
* 10.1 Italian
As the administrative districts of the central state during the
Implementation of regional autonomy was postponed until the first
Regional Elections of 1970. The ruling Christian Democracy party did
not want the opposition
Italian Communist Party to gain power in the
regions, where it was historically rooted (the red belt of
Regions acquired a significant level of autonomy following a constitutional reform in 2001 (brought about by a centre-left government and confirmed by popular referendum), which granted them residual policy competence. A further federalist reform was proposed by the regionalist party Lega Nord and in 2005, the centre-right government led by Silvio Berlusconi proposed a new reform that would have greatly increased the power of regions.
In June 2006 the proposals, which had been particularly associated
Lega Nord , and seen by some as leading the way to a federal
state, were rejected in a referendum by 61.7% to 38.3%. The results
varied considerably among the regions, ranging from 55.3% in favor in
Veneto to 82% against in
Number of regions controlled by each coalition since 1995: Center-left Center-right Others
Italian name STATUS
NUMBER % KM² %
Luciano D\'Alfonso Democratic Party 305 -
Laurent Viérin Progressive Valdostan Union 74 -
Marcello Pittella Democratic Party 131 -
Debora Serracchiani Democratic Party 216 -
Luca Ceriscioli Democratic Party 229 -
Paolo Di Laura Frattura Democratic Party 136 -
Trentino-Alto Adige Autonomous
Arno Kompatscher South Tyrolean People\'s Party 293 -
Catiuscia Marini Democratic Party 92 -
60,665,551 100% 302,073 100% 201 ROME
Sergio Mattarella Independent 7,978 14
Macroregions are the first-level NUTS of the
Italian name REGIONS
NUMBER % KM² %
Every region has a statute that serves as a regional constitution,
determining the form of government and the fundamental principles of
the organization and the functioning of the region, as prescribed by
the Constitution of
REGIONS WITH ORDINARY STATUTE
These regions, whose statutes are approved by their regional councils, were created in 1970, even though the Italian Constitution dates back to 1948. Since the constitutional reform of 2001 they have had residual legislative powers. The regions have exclusive legislative power with respect to any matters not expressly reserved to state law (Article 117). Yet their financial autonomy is quite modest: they just keep 20% of all levied taxes, mostly used to finance the region-based healthcare system .
AUTONOMOUS REGIONS WITH SPECIAL STATUTE
Article 116 of the
Italian Constitution grants to five regions
Each region has an elected parliament, called Consiglio Regionale (regional council), or Assemblea Regionale (regional assembly) in Sicily, and a government called Giunta Regionale (regional committee), headed by a governor called Presidente della Giunta Regionale (president of the regional committee) or Presidente della Regione (regional president). The latter is directly elected by the citizens of each region, with the exceptions of Aosta Valley and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, where he is chosen by the regional council.
Under the 1995 electoral law, the winning coalition receives an absolute majority of seats on the council. The president chairs the giunta, and nominates or dismisses its members, called assessori . If the directly elected president resigns, new elections are called immediately.
In Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, the regional council is made up of
the joint session of the two provincial councils of
REPRESENTATION IN THE SENATE
Number of senators currently assigned to each Region.
Article 57 of the Constitution of
The 309 senators are assigned to each region proportionally according to their population. However, Article 57 of the Constitution provides that no region can have fewer than seven senators representing it, except for the Aosta Valley (which has one) and Molise (which has two).
REGION SEATS REGION SEATS REGION SEATS
ECONOMY OF REGIONS AND MACROREGIONS
FLAG NAME GDP 2011 MILLION, EUR GDP 2011 PER CAPITA 2011, EUR GDP 2011 MILLION PPS, EUR GDP 2011 PER CAPITA 2011 PPS, EUR
Aosta Valley 4,328 33,700 4,236 33,000
Apulia 69,974 17,100 68,496 16,700
Lazio 172,246 29,900 168,609 29,300
Liguria 43,998 27,200 43,069 26,700
Marches 40,877 26,100 40,014 25,500
Molise 6,414 20,100 6,278 19,700
Sardinia 33,075 19,700 32,377 19,300
Trentino-Alto Adige 35,797 34,450 35,041 33,700
Veneto 149,527 30,200 146,369 29,600
CODE NAME GDP 2011 MILLION, EUR GDP 2011 PER CAPITA 2011, EUR GDP 2011 MILLION PPS, EUR GDP 2011 PER CAPITA 2011 PPS, EUR
ITE CENTRE 340,669 28,400 333,475 27,800
ITD NORTH-EAST 364,560 31,200 356,862 30,600
ITC NORTH-WEST 511,484 31,700 500,683 31,000
ITG ISLANDS 117,031 17,400 114,560 17,000
ITF SOUTH 243,895 17,200 238,744 16,800
- EXTRA-REGIO 2,771 - 2,712 -
The extra-regio territory is made up of parts of the economic territory of a country which cannot be assigned to a single region. It consists of the national air-space, territorial waters and the continental shelf lying in international waters over which the country enjoys exclusive rights, territorial exclaves, deposits of oil, natural gas etc. worked by resident units. Until 2011, the gross value added (GVA) produced in the extra-regio was allocated pro-rata to the inhabited regions of the country concerned. The order of magnitude of the extra-regio GVA depends in particular on the resource endowment in terms of natural gas and oil. In 2011, Member States and the European Commission agreed to give countries the possibility to calculate regional GDP also for the extra-regio. The resulting GDP is available only in absolute values, because the extra-regio territory by definition does not have a resident population.
OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
* ^ "National structures". Eurostat. Retrieved 6 December 2011.
* ^ A B C "Speciale Referendum 2006". la Repubblica. 26 June 2006.
Retrieved 6 December 2011.
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