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Raxaul
Raxaul
is a sub-divisional town in the East Champaran district
East Champaran district
of the Indian state
Indian state
of Bihar. It is situated on the India- Nepal
Nepal
border opposite Birgunj
Birgunj
(Nepal). Raxaul
Raxaul
is a major railway terminus. The Indian border town of Raxaul
Raxaul
has become one of the busiest towns for heavy transportation due to high trade volume. Almost 56% of the total products of Birgunj
Birgunj
are exported to the Indian state
Indian state
of Bihar through this route.

Contents

1 Demographics 2 History 3 Transport

3.1 Rail 3.2 Road 3.3 Airlines and destinations 3.4 Border crossing 3.5 River

3.5.1 Sariswa River 3.5.2 Bangari River

4 References 5 External links

Demographics[edit] As of 2011[update] India
India
census,[2] Raxaul
Raxaul
Bazar had a population of 55,532. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Raxaul Bazar has an average literacy rate of 75.62%, higher than the state average of 61.80%: male literacy is 82.14%, and female literacy is 68.25%. In Raxaul
Raxaul
Bazar, 16.21% of the population is under 6 years of age. People communicate with each other in the Bhojpuri
Bhojpuri
and Hindi languages. History[edit]

Others include Buddhists & Christians etc.

Religion in Raxaul[3]

Religion

Percent

Hinduism

82.7%

Islam

16.16%

Others

1.14%

Falejarganj is one of the oldest known name of Raxaul. Transport[edit] Raxaul
Raxaul
is the only city that is connected with Nepal. Birgunj
Birgunj
railway station is connected by the Nepal
Nepal
Government Railway (NGR) to Raxaul station in Bihar
Bihar
across the border with India. The 47 km (29 mi) railway extends north to Amlekhganj
Amlekhganj
in Nepal. It was built in 1927 by the British but discontinued beyond Birgunj
Birgunj
in December 1965.[3] The 6 km (3.7 mi) railway track from Raxaul
Raxaul
to Birgunj
Birgunj
was converted to broad gauge two years after the Indian railways converted the track to Raxaul
Raxaul
inside India
India
to broad gauge. Now, broad gauge railway line connects Raxaul
Raxaul
to the Sirsiya (Birgunj) Inland Container Depot (ICD) which became fully operational in 2005. Talks have been held to reopen the railway route from Birgunj to Amlekhganj
Amlekhganj
in Nepal
Nepal
by converting it to broad gauge because of its socio-economic importance. Rail[edit] Raxaul Junction railway station is situated on the Delhi
Delhi
– Gorakhpur - Raxaul
Raxaul
- Muzaffarpur
Muzaffarpur
- Kolkata
Kolkata
lines. Raxaul
Raxaul
is connected to several cities in Bihar
Bihar
with daily passenger trains. There are multiple daily connections to Muzaffarpur, Sugauli, and Sitamarhi
Sitamarhi
and daily connections to Bagaha, Hajipur, Samastipur, Motihari
Motihari
and Narkatiaganj. Daily express trains connect to Delhi
Delhi
with stops in major cities in Uttar Pradesh including Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
and Bareilly. Kolkata
Kolkata
is also connected by a daily express train ; the train being 13021 Howrah RAXAUL MITHILA Express. There are also direct trains to Lucknow
Lucknow
and Varanasi
Varanasi
with stops in several towns in Uttar Pradesh. Chhapra, Patna, Jabalpur, Mumbai, Darbhanga, Barauni, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Ranchi, Rourkela, Bilaspur, Raipur, Nagpur
Nagpur
and Hyderabad
Hyderabad
are also connected by weekly or multiple weekly trains. Delhi
Delhi
is connected via Satyagraha Express and Sadbhawna Express. Earlier, all tracks were metre gauge but most have been converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Broad gauge. After the completion of the gauge conversion from Darbhanga
Darbhanga
to Raxaul
Raxaul
via Sitamarhi, another broad gauge route to Raxaul
Raxaul
became available from March 2014. The metre gauge track from Raxaul
Raxaul
to Narkatiaganj
Narkatiaganj
remains to be converted.

Raxaul
Raxaul
Junction

Road[edit] Raxaul
Raxaul
is connected to major cities of India
India
by National Highway 28A. However the condition of NH 28A is terrible causing regular traffic jams. It is the main route to Nepal. The capital of Nepal, Kathmandu is connected with India
India
through this highway. There is a bus terminal from where buses are available for most of cities in Bihar
Bihar
& Jharkhand. Airlines and destinations[edit] Raxaul Airport
Raxaul Airport
(ICAO: VERL) is located at Ekderwa
Ekderwa
Raxaul
Raxaul
in the state of Bihar, India. It was established after the Sino-Indian War
Sino-Indian War
of 1962, when it served as an emergency landing ground for the Indian Army. The Airports Authority of India
India
(AAI) that owns the airport has undertaken a pre-feasibility study at the airport to upgrade the airport to handle ATR-72
ATR-72
aircraft. A draft Master Plan highlighting a requirement of an additional 121 acres of land has been submitted to the State Government. Now, there is currently no scheduled commercial air service. Raxaul can be reached by flying to Simara in Nepal. That airport is 27 km from Raxaul
Raxaul
and has direct flights to Kathmandu. A proposal to operationalize the airport for civilian use has been drafted. Border crossing[edit] India
India
and Nepal
Nepal
have an open border with no restrictions on movement of their nationals and no need of visa or passport documents for local people. There is a customs checkpoint for goods and third country nationals. There are Jeeps, Cars, Tempos (Three wheels vehicles), and the Tangas (Horse Driven 6 seater Rickshaws) from Raxaul
Raxaul
station for Birganj
Birganj
bus park.

Gateway to Nepal
Nepal
outside Birgunj

River[edit] Sariswa River[edit] The river, Sariswa (Sirsiya), a tributary of the Burhi Gandak, originates from Pathlahia hill of the dense Ramban forests in Nepal, its course roaming through the subdivision cutting through Bara and Parsa districts in Nepal
Nepal
and Raxaul
Raxaul
in Bihar, India. It flows southwards from the place of its origin for about 15 km in Nepal and then enters India
India
at Raxaul. From here, the river flows about 20 km in India
India
and joins Burhi Gandak near Sugauli
Sugauli
in East Champaran district. The water is pure in its contents and have full of medicinal values like other Himalayan rivers. It maintains its valuable contents till Parwanipur. But after it, unrestrained untreated wastes are being dumped by the 46 factories situated at Birgunj
Birgunj
(Nepal) which make this river contaminated. The colour of the river turned into black besides, emanating foul smell has made the life of the people, who dwell near the river, a nightmare. Bangari River[edit] It is the neighbor river of Sariswa (Sirsiya) river.

Adapur Bihar Baba Christdas Birganj, Nepal East Champaran district Sabir Ali (politician) Chainpur, Gonaha village Shri Sato Mata Mandir M/S NIVESH PAN service center

References[edit]

^ http://www.census2011.co.in/data/town/801282-raxaul-bazar-bihar.html ^ "Census of India
India
2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.  ^ "Census of India – Socio-cultural aspects". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 

v t e

Cities and towns in Tirhut Division

East Champaran district

Areraj Mehsi Chakia Dhaka Lauthaha Motihari Raxaul Sugauli Harsidhi

Muzaffarpur
Muzaffarpur
district

Kanti Motipur Muzaffarpur

Sheohar
Sheohar
district

Sheohar

Sitamarhi
Sitamarhi
district

Bairgania Belsand Dumra Janakpur Road Runni Saidpur Sitamarhi Talkhapur

Vaishali district

Hajipur Lalganj Mahnar Bazar

West Champaran district

Bagaha Bettiah Chanpatia Narkatiaganj Ramnagar

See also

Tirhut Division
Tirhut Division
topics

Cities and towns in other Divisions

Bhagalpur Darbhanga Kosi Magadh Munger Patna Purnia Saran

v t e

Railways in the North-east and Eastern India

National network/ trunk lines

Howrah– Delhi
Delhi
main line Howrah–Allahabad– Mumbai
Mumbai
line Howrah–Nagpur– Mumbai
Mumbai
line Howrah–Chennai main line Sahibganj loop Grand chord Howrah–New Jalpaiguri line Barauni–Guwahati line Howrah–Gaya– Delhi
Delhi
line

Branch lines/ sections

Andal–Sainthia branch line Asansol–Gaya section Asansol– Patna
Patna
section Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line Bairabi–Sairang line Bakhtiyarpur–Tilaiya line Bankura–Masagram line Bardhaman–Asansol section Barauni–Katihar section Barauni–Gorakhpur, Raxaul
Raxaul
and Jainagar lines Barauni– Samastipur
Samastipur
section Barharwa–Azimganj–Katwa loop Darjeeling Himalayan Railway Fatuha–Tilaiya line Gaya–Kiul line Gaya–Mughalsarai section Guwahati–Lumding section Haldibari–New Jalpaiguri line Jasidih–Dumka–Rampurhat line Jharsuguda–Vizianagaram line Jharia Coalfield rail network Katihar–Siliguri line Kharagpur–Puri line Khurda Road–Visakhapatnam section Lalgola and Gede branch lines Lumding–Sabroom section Lumding–Dibrugarh section Madhupur–Giridih–Koderma line Mokama– Barauni
Barauni
section Muzaffarpur– Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
line (via Hajipur, Raxaul
Raxaul
and Sitamarhi) Muzaffarpur– Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
main line Muzaffarpur– Sitamarhi
Sitamarhi
section Muzaffarpur– Hajipur
Hajipur
section Netaji S.C.Bose Gomoh–Hatia line New Jalpaiguri–Alipurduar–Samuktala Road line New Jalpaiguri–New Bongaigaon section New Bongaigaon–Guwahati section Patna–Gaya line Patna–Mughalsarai section Rangia–Murkongselek section Samastipur– Muzaffarpur
Muzaffarpur
section Tatanagar–Bilaspur section

Lines around Kolkata

Howrah–Bardhaman main line Howrah–Bardhaman chord Sheoraphuli–Bishnupur branch line Sealdah–Ranaghat line Sealdah–Hasnabad–Bangaon–Ranaghat line Sealdah South lines Howrah–Kharagpur line Santragachi–Amta branch line

Monorail

Aizawl Monorail Kolkata
Kolkata
Monorail Patna
Patna
Monorail

Defunct lines revived/ under revival

Ahmedpur Katwa Railway Bankura Damodar Railway Barasat-Basirhat Light Railway Burdwan Katwa Railway Bukhtiarpur Bihar
Bihar
Light Railway Futwah-Islampur Light Railway

Defunct lines

Kalighat Falta Railway Bengal Provincial Railway Dhanbad–Chandrapura line Mayurbhanj State Railway Cherra Companyganj State Railways East Coast State Railway

Production units/ workshops

Chittaranjan Locomotive Works Bharat Bhari Udyog Nigam Braithwaite & Co. Burn Standard Company Bharat Wagon and Engineering Braithwaite, Burn & Jessop Construction Company Carriage Repair Workshop, Harnaut

Transit points with Bangladesh

Active

Singhabad–Rohanpur Radhikapur–Biral Gede–Darshana Petrapole–Benapole

Defunct

Mahisasan–Shahbajpur Changrabandha–Burimari Haldibari–Chilahati Gitaldaha–Mogalhat

Indian railheads near India– Nepal
Nepal
border

Raxaul Bairgania Jainagar Jogbani Laukaha Bazar Thakurganj

Railway companies

East Indian Railway Company Bengal Nagpur
Nagpur
Railway Eastern Bengal Railway Assam Bengal Railway Bengal Dooars Railway Cooch Behar State Railway Indian Branch Railway Company Martin's Light Railways Eastern Railway East Central Railway South Eastern Railway East Coast Railway Northeast Frontier Railway North Eastern Railway

See also

Indian Railways Bholu (mascot) Suburban rail in India Kolkata
Kolkata
Suburban Railway North-east Indian railways during World War II

Railways in India
India
portal

External links[edit]

.