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RAMNAGAR (Hindi : रामनगर) is a small town and municipal board in the Nainital district
Nainital district
of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
, India
India
. It is located approximately 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Nainital
Nainital
, the headquarters of the district.

Ramnagar is the gateway to the Corbett National Park , the oldest national park and a famous tourist destination of India
India
. Garjiya Devi Temple and Sitabani temple located nearby also attracts many visitors.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 History

* 3 Visitor attractions

* 3.1 Corbett National Park * 3.2 Garjiya Devi Temple * 3.3 Sita Vani Temple * 3.4 Tumaria Dam * 3.5 Accommodation

* 4 Transportation

* 4.1 Air * 4.2 Rail * 4.3 Road

* 5 References * 6 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Ramnagar is located at 29.40°N 79.12°E.

It has an average elevation of 345 metres (1,132 feet). Ramnagar is located at the foothills of the Himalayas on the bank of river Kosi. Kashipur located approximately 18 km away from this town. The town is well-known for being the gateway to Corbett National Park and draws lot of tourist attention because of its geographical location. Its proximity to Nainital
Nainital
which is a famous hill station of Northern India makes it even more popular. Ramnagar is the gateway to western Kumaon and Garhwal. It is also the commencement point of Kumaon Hills with the nearby town of Haldwani. Ramnagar is also famous for International "LITCHI FARMING". There is a Kosi Barrage in Ramnagar where lot of migratory birds arrives in winter. Being a small town its culturally diverse, most of the people in this town are either Kumaoni's or Garwali's. The town has got several public and private schools along with a college for higher education offering diverse, professional courses which makes the town complete from the education point of view. Primary source of income of this town is tourism, government jobs, individual shops and small-mid size businesses.

HISTORY

The town was re-established and settled by king Lela dhar joshi in 1856–1884.His grand son Shubham joshi rejected the throne to let the city be part of independent India. During the British Rule tea gardens were developed in Ramnagar and nearby villages in Uttarakhand. But these tea gardens have been closed since a long time. Ramnagar is most visited for Corbett National Park named after the hunter turned conservationist Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment. It is the oldest national park in India
India
which was established in 1936.

VISITOR ATTRACTIONS

CORBETT NATIONAL PARK

Sambar deer in Jim Corbett National Park
Jim Corbett National Park
Main article: Corbett National Park

Corbett National Park is 10 km from Ramnagar. It is spread across 86 km north of Ramnagar. Established in 1936 as the Hailey National Park, Corbett National Park is the oldest and one of the most sought after national parks in India
India
. It is India's first sanctuary to come under Project Tiger
Project Tiger
. The park was named after the hunter-naturalist turned author and photographer, Jim Corbett who lived in the region and contributed in setting up this park. Visitors can move about in vehicles (only local jypsies with the permit) inside the park area after making entries at the respective gates. Tourists now cannot drive their own cars inside Corbett. They have to hire jypsies with permits from Ramnagar. Permits are necessary for entering Corbett Tiger Reserve. Permits are issued at the CTR Reception Office at Ramnagar. Other places worth visiting in the region are the Crocodile Pool, Dhikala Machaan, Getheryo Library (Dhikala), Corbett Museum(Dhangadi gate), Corbett falls.

GARJIYA DEVI TEMPLE

Garjiya Devi Temple on the Kosi River
Kosi River
Main article: Garjiya Devi Temple

Garjiya Devi Temple is located in the Garjiya village near Ramnagar, Uttarakhand, India. It is a sacred Shakti shrine where Garjiya Devi is the presiding deity. The temple is situated over a large rock in the Kosi River
Kosi River
and is one of the most famous temples of the Nainital district visited by thousands of devotees during Kartik Poornima, a Hindu holy day celebrated on the fifteenth lunar day of Kartik (November – December). It is also known as the festival of lights of the gods. The Kartik Purnima festival also coincides with the Sikh festival of Guru Nanak Jayanti.

SITA VANI TEMPLE

Seeta Bani Temple is dedicated to Devi Sita, consort of Lord Rama. It is believed that she entered into the lap of Mother Earth here. Every year, a fair is held here during Ramanavami . It is located at a distance of 20 km from Ramnagar.

TUMARIA DAM

The Tumaria Dam is located about 17 km from Ramnagar in Maldhan village on Kosi river bank and is a major tourist attraction.

ACCOMMODATION

Ramnagar is also popular for having so many resorts for the tourists to accommodate. More than 100 resorts are located here.

TRANSPORTATION

AIR

The nearest airport is Pantnagar Airport
Pantnagar Airport
, 81.6 km away via UT SH 41 and 77.3 km away via NH 87 in the town of Pantnagar in Udham Singh Nagar district . However Indira Gandhi International Airport
Indira Gandhi International Airport
at Delhi is the nearest international airport which is 269 km away.

RAIL

In 1907, during the British Raj
British Raj
the railway line in Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
was extended from Moradabad
Moradabad
to Ramnagar. Ramnagar railway station is under the administrative control of the Izzatnagar division of the North Eastern Railway zone of the Indian Railways
Indian Railways
. The station is located about 65 km from Nainital
Nainital
. It has direct rail links to Kashipur , Moradabad
Moradabad
, Delhi
Delhi
, Bareilly
Bareilly
, Lucknow
Lucknow
, Haridwar
Haridwar
, Chandigarh
Chandigarh
, Gurgaon
Gurgaon
, Mumbai
Mumbai
, Agra
Agra
, Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer
and Varanasi
Varanasi
.Code of Ramnagar railway station is RMR

ROAD

Ramnagar bus station is located near to the Railway station. There are regular buses from Ramnagar to Nainital
Nainital
, Ranikhet
Ranikhet
, Haldwani
Haldwani
, Haridwar
Haridwar
, Dehradun
Dehradun
, Kashipur , Moradabad
Moradabad
, Meerut
Meerut
and Delhi
Delhi
. Bus services are also available to Jaipur
Jaipur
. National Highway 121 which starts from Kashipur and ends at Bubakhal, Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand
passes through Ramnagar.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Geography". * ^ "History". * ^ Sharad Singh Negi (1995). Uttarakhand: land and people. M.D. Publications Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 978-81-85880-73-0 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

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