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Rajaji
Rajaji
National Park is an Indian national park and tiger reserve[1] that encompasses the Shivaliks, near the foothills of the Himalayas. The park is spread over 820 km2.,[2] and three districts of Uttarakhand: Saharanpur, Dehradun
Dehradun
and Pauri Garhwal. In 1983, three wildlife sanctuaries in the area namely, Chilla, Motichur and Rajaji sanctuaries were merged into one.[2] Rajaji
Rajaji
National Park has been named after C. Rajagopalachari
C. Rajagopalachari
(Rajaji), a prominent leader of the Freedom Struggle, the second and last Governor-General
Governor-General
of independent India
India
and one of the first recipients of India's highest civilian award Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
(in 1954).

Contents

1 Tiger
Tiger
reserve status 2 Flora 3 Fauna 4 Incidents 5 References

Tiger
Tiger
reserve status[edit] Final approval was accorded to Kudremukh (Karnataka) and Rajaji (Uttarakhand) for declaring as a tiger reserve in 15 April 2015.[3] Rajaji
Rajaji
became the second tiger reserve in Uttarakhand.[4][5] Flora[edit]

Rajaji
Rajaji
National Park of India
India
is nestled between the Shivalik ranges and the Indo-Gangetic plains. Broadleaved deciduous forests, riverine vegetation, scrubland, grasslands and pine forests form the range of flora in this park. The dense jungles here are home to vivacious wildlife. The varied topography of the national park is also responsible for vivid animal life inhibited here. The under-wood is light and often absent, consisting of rohini Mallotus philippensis, amaltas Cassia fistula, shisham Dalbergia sissoo, Sal Shorea robusta, palash Butea monosperma, arjun Terminalia arjuna, khair Senegalia catechu, baans Dendrocalamus strictus, semul Bombax ceiba, sandan, chamaror Ehretia, amla Phyllanthus emblica, kachnar Bauhienia variegata, ber Ziziphus mauritiana, chilla Casearia, bel Aegle marmelos, etc. Fauna[edit] Rajaji
Rajaji
National Park is predominantly formed from dense green jungles, and this environment forms a habitat for a number of animals. The park is at the northwestern limit of distribution for both elephants and tigers in India. The park is most renowned for its elephants. The mountain goat, goral is another noteworthy resident. It is mainly confined to the precipitous pine-covered slopes. Besides the huge pachyderms and the nimble goats, you might come across huge herds of chital, sometimes as many as 250 to a herd. sambar, barking deer, hog deer, nilgai, wild pigs and sloth bears also inhabit these forests though you may not always catch a glimpse of these. The rhesus macaque and the common langur are fairly common here. Tigers
Tigers
and leopards are the prime predators in Rajaji. The leopard cat, jungle cat, civet and yellow-throated marten are other carnivores. Mammals like the hyena, jackal and the Bengal fox scavenge in the park. The Himalayan black bear though uncommon, can be sighted in the higher reaches of the park. Other wild animals found in the park include:

Asian elephant Bengal tiger Leopard Jungle cat Striped hyena Goral Indian hare Sloth bear Himalayan black bear King cobra Jackal Barking deer Sambhar Wild boar Rhesus macaque Indian langur Indian porcupine Monitor lizard Python

Over 315 species of birds are found in the park, whereas the wider region has over 500 species of birds, including both residents and migrants.[2] The most prominent avian species include pea fowl, vultures, woodpeckers, pheasants, kingfishers and barbets, supplemented by a number of migratory species during the winter months. The park is also home to the great pied hornbill, pied kingfisher and the fire tailed sunbird. This area is the first staging ground after the migratory birds cross over the Himalayas
Himalayas
into the Indian subcontinent.[citation needed] The rivers which flow through the park harbour species of fish such as trout and mahseer. Incidents[edit] Rajaji
Rajaji
National Park was in the news in April 2010 when a forest fire which started on the fringes of the park, spread out over a large area and threatened the Chandi Devi Temple.[6] In 2015 field employees of the Forest Department working with the Rajaji
Rajaji
Tiger
Tiger
Reserve had decided to boycott the wildlife census to begin shortly in the park to protest the delay in payment of salary for November.[7] References[edit]

^ http://projecttiger.nic.in/News/25_Newsdetails.aspx ^ a b c Rajaji
Rajaji
Archived 19 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Official website of Haridwar. ^ http://www.rajaji-nationalpark.co.in/rajaji-tiger-reserve.html ^ http://hillpost.in/2015/04/rajaji-becomes-second-tiger-reserve-in-uttarakhand/103025/ ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/rajaji-park-notified-as-tiger-reserve/article7120327.ece ^ Article, NDTV.com, 10 April 2010 ^ " Rajaji
Rajaji
reserve staff to boycott census". Tribune India. Dec 2015. 

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National parks of India

Protected areas of India Ministry of Environment and Forests (India)

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Campbell Bay Galathea Mahatma Gandhi Middle Button Island Mt. Harriet Island North Button Island Rani Jhansi Saddle Peak South Button Island

Andhra Pradesh

Sri Venkateswara

Arunachal Pradesh

Mouling Namdapha

Assam

Dibru-Saikhowa Kaziranga Manas Nameri Orang

Bihar

Valmiki

Chhattisgarh

Indravati Kanger Ghati

Goa

Mollem

Gujarat

Blackbuck Gir Gulf of Kutch Vansda

Haryana

Kalesar Sultanpur

Himachal Pradesh

Great Himalayan Pin Valley Khirganga

Jammu & Kashmir

Dachigam Hemis Kishtwar

Jharkhand

Betla

Karnataka

Anshi Bandipur Bannerghatta Nagarhole

Kerala

Anamudi Shola Eravikulam Mathikettan Shola Pampadam Shola Periyar Silent Valley

Madhya Pradesh

Bandhavgarh Fossil Kanha Madhav Panna Pench Sanjay Satpura Van Vihar

Maharashtra

Chandoli Gilbert Hill Gugamal Karnala Navegaon Pench Sanjay Gandhi Tadoba

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Keibul Lamjao Sirohi

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Balphakram Nokrek

Mizoram

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Intangki

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Bhitarkanika Simlipal

Rajasthan

Darrah Desert Keoladeo Ranthambhore Sariska

Sikkim

Khangchendzonga

Tamil Nadu

Guindy Gulf of Mannar Anamalai Mudumalai Mukurthi Palani Hills

Telangana

Kasu Brahmananda Reddy Mahavir Harina Vanasthali Mrugavani

Tripura

Clouded Leopard Rajbari

Uttar Pradesh

Dudhwa

Uttarakhand

Corbett Gangotri Govind Nanda Devi Rajaji Valley of Flowers

West Bengal

Buxa Gorumara Neora Valley Singalila Sundarbans Jaldap

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