Rajaji National Park is an Indian national park and tiger reserve
that encompasses the Shivaliks, near the foothills of the Himalayas.
The park is spread over 820 km2., and three districts of
Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal. In 1983, three
wildlife sanctuaries in the area namely, Chilla, Motichur and Rajaji
sanctuaries were merged into one.
Rajaji National Park has been named after
C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji),
a prominent leader of the Freedom Struggle, the second and last
Governor-General of independent
India and one of the first recipients
of India's highest civilian award
Bharat Ratna (in 1954).
Tiger reserve status
Tiger reserve status
Final approval was accorded to Kudremukh (Karnataka) and Rajaji
(Uttarakhand) for declaring as a tiger reserve in 15 April 2015.
Rajaji became the second tiger reserve in Uttarakhand.
Rajaji National Park of
India is nestled between the Shivalik ranges
and the Indo-Gangetic plains. Broadleaved deciduous forests, riverine
vegetation, scrubland, grasslands and pine forests form the range of
flora in this park. The dense jungles here are home to vivacious
wildlife. The varied topography of the national park is also
responsible for vivid animal life inhibited here. The under-wood is
light and often absent, consisting of rohini Mallotus philippensis,
amaltas Cassia fistula, shisham Dalbergia sissoo, Sal Shorea robusta,
palash Butea monosperma, arjun Terminalia arjuna, khair Senegalia
catechu, baans Dendrocalamus strictus, semul Bombax ceiba, sandan,
chamaror Ehretia, amla Phyllanthus emblica, kachnar Bauhienia
variegata, ber Ziziphus mauritiana, chilla Casearia, bel Aegle
Rajaji National Park is predominantly formed from dense green jungles,
and this environment forms a habitat for a number of animals. The park
is at the northwestern limit of distribution for both elephants and
tigers in India. The park is most renowned for its elephants. The
mountain goat, goral is another noteworthy resident. It is mainly
confined to the precipitous pine-covered slopes. Besides the huge
pachyderms and the nimble goats, you might come across huge herds of
chital, sometimes as many as 250 to a herd. sambar, barking deer, hog
deer, nilgai, wild pigs and sloth bears also inhabit these forests
though you may not always catch a glimpse of these. The rhesus macaque
and the common langur are fairly common here.
Tigers and leopards are
the prime predators in Rajaji. The leopard cat, jungle cat, civet and
yellow-throated marten are other carnivores. Mammals like the hyena,
jackal and the Bengal fox scavenge in the park. The Himalayan black
bear though uncommon, can be sighted in the higher reaches of the
park. Other wild animals found in the park include:
Himalayan black bear
Over 315 species of birds are found in the park, whereas the wider
region has over 500 species of birds, including both residents and
migrants. The most prominent avian species include pea fowl,
vultures, woodpeckers, pheasants, kingfishers and barbets,
supplemented by a number of migratory species during the winter
months. The park is also home to the great pied hornbill, pied
kingfisher and the fire tailed sunbird. This area is the first staging
ground after the migratory birds cross over the
Himalayas into the
Indian subcontinent.
The rivers which flow through the park harbour species of fish such as
trout and mahseer.
Rajaji National Park was in the news in April 2010 when a forest fire
which started on the fringes of the park, spread out over a large area
and threatened the Chandi Devi Temple.
In 2015 field employees of the Forest Department working with the
Tiger Reserve had decided to boycott the wildlife census to
begin shortly in the park to protest the delay in payment of salary
^ a b c
Rajaji Archived 19 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
Official website of Haridwar.
^ Article, NDTV.com, 10 April 2010
Rajaji reserve staff to boycott census". Tribune India. Dec
National parks of India
Protected areas of India
Ministry of Environment and Forests (India)
Middle Button Island
Mt. Harriet Island
North Button Island
South Button Island
Gulf of Kutch
Jammu & Kashmir
Gulf of Mannar
Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali
Valley of Flowers