HOME
ListMoto - Qu'aiti


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

Flag

Map of the Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
State

CAPITAL Mukalla
Mukalla

GOVERNMENT Sultanate
Sultanate

HRH SULTAN Ghalib II bin Awadh Al-Qu'aiti

HISTORICAL ERA 19th and 20th centuries

• Established 1858

• Disestablished 30 November 1967

AREA 190,000 km2 (73,359 sq mi)

QU\'AITI (Arabic : القعيطي‎‎ al-Qu‘ayṭī), officially the QU\'AITI STATE IN HADHRAMAUT (Arabic : الدولة القعيطية الحضرمية‎‎) or the QU\'AITI SULTANATE OF SHIHR AND MUKALLA (Arabic : سلطنة الشحر والمكلاا‎‎ al-Salṭanah al-Qu‘ayṭīyah fī ash-Shiḥr wal-Mukallā), was a sultanate in the Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
region of the southern Arabian Peninsula
Arabian Peninsula
, in what is now Yemen
Yemen
. Covering approximately 70,000 square miles, roughly the size of England and Wales, Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
was the third largest kingdom in Arabia after the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Sultanate
Sultanate
of Oman. Its capital was Mukalla
Mukalla
and it was divided into six provinces including Mukalla, Ash Shihr, Shibam, Du'an, the Western Province and Hajr.

The Sultanate
Sultanate
spanned the Indian Ocean coast up to the border of Mahra, encompassed Shabwa the legendary capital of the Queen of Sheba , the central valleys and oasis settlements of Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
and controlled the southern Empty Quarter
Empty Quarter
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Current Qu\'aiti Royal Family * 3 Qu\'aiti sultans * 4 See also * 5 External links

* 6 Annexes

* 6.1 Qu\'aiti State postage stamps

* 7 References

HISTORY

Asaf Jah VII the Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad with the Al-Quaiti Royal Family

Sons of Umar bin Awadh al Qu\'aiti , who became a jemadar in the forces of the Nizam
Nizam
of Hyderabad State
Hyderabad State
(now in India
India
), first took the town of Shibam from the rival Kathiris in 1858 to consolidate their rule over all of Hadhramaut. They later conquered Ash Shihr in 1866 and Mukalla
Mukalla
in 1881, largely replacing the Kathiris to control most of the Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
coast on the Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
. They entered into treaty relations with the British in 1888 and created a unified sultanate in 1902 that would become a part of the Aden Protectorate
Aden Protectorate
.

As Great Britain planned for the eventual independence of South Arabia in the 1960s, Qu’aiti declined to join the British-sponsored Federation of South Arabia
South Arabia
but remained under British protection as part of the Protectorate of South Arabia
Protectorate of South Arabia
. Despite promises of a UN referendum to assist in determining the future of the Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
State in South Arabia
South Arabia
on 17 September 1967, Communist forces overran the kingdom and, in November of that year, the Qu’aiti State was integrated forcibly without a referendum into Communist South Yemen
South Yemen
. South Yemen
South Yemen
united with North Yemen
Yemen
in 1990, again without a referendum, to become the Republic of Yemen
Yemen
.

CURRENT QU\'AITI ROYAL FAMILY

His Royal Highness Sultan
Sultan
Ghalib II bin Awadh bin Saleh Al-Qu\'aiti born 7 January 1948 in London. Ruled from 10 October 1966 – 17 September 1967; married Sultana Rashid (sister of author Ahmed Rashid ) born in London and who holds a BA from the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
and has issue: HH Crown Prince Saleh Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
born in London, graduated from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
and Millfield School
Millfield School
; married Princess Salwa Al-Huraiby of Yafa'a and has issue:

* Prince Ghalib III bin Saleh * Princess Aliya bint Saleh

HH Princess Fatima Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
born in London, holds a BA and a MA from the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
and graduated from Westonbirt School ; married Prince Shad Al-Sherif Pasha
Pasha
of the Hijaz and Turkey, who holds a BA from the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
, a MA from the University of Chicago , a MBA from London Business School
London Business School
, graduated from Westminster School
Westminster School
and has issue:

* Prince Suleyman * Prince Hashim

HH Princess Muzna Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
born in Jeddah
Jeddah
, Saudi Arabia, holds a MA from the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London and a BA from the American University in Cairo
American University in Cairo
; married Hisham Hafez of Medina
Medina
who holds a BA from the University of Richmond
University of Richmond
. Hisham is the son of media mogul Mohammed Ali Hafez , founder of Asharq Al-Awsat, Arab News and Sayidaty, the Middle East's leading weekly women's magazine and has issue:

* Prince Ismail * Princess Sultana * Princess Asma

HRH Sultan
Sultan
Ghalib holds a BA and MA from Magdalen College at the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
in Oriental Studies (Islamic History) and an MA in Arabian Studies from the University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge
, both with honours. The Sultan
Sultan
graduated from Millfield School
Millfield School
. He has been a Saudi resident since 1968, currently residing in Jeddah. He has working knowledge of seven languages including Arabic, English, French, German, Persian, Turkish and Urdu/Hindi, which supports his research of various historical periods and geographic regions. Sultan Ghalib is the author of The Holy Cities, The Pilgrimage and The World of Islam. and The Three Saudi States: The Emergence of Modern Saudi Arabia.

QU\'AITI SULTANS

Umar bin-Awad al-Quaiti (r1922-36).jpeg

* HH Sultan
Sultan
Abdullah bin Omar Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
– Ruled 1882–1888 * HH Sultan
Sultan
Awadh I bin Omar Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
– Ruled 1902–1909 * HRH Sultan
Sultan
Ghalib I bin Awadh Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
– Ruled 1909–1922 * HRH Sultan
Sultan
Omar bin Awadh Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
– Ruled 1922–1936 * HRH Sultan
Sultan
Sir Saleh bin Ghalib Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
KCMG - Ruled 1936-1956 * HRH Sultan
Sultan
Awadh II bin Saleh Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
– Ruled 1956–1966, married (a) Salma, married (b) Fatima, married (c) Princess Sahibzadi Nazirunissa Begum, granddaughter of the 6th Nizam
Nizam
Mahbub Ali Pasha
Pasha
, daughter of Nazir Nawaz Jung, son of Amir-e-Paigah (Viqar-ul-Umrah) Sultan-ul-Mulk and Princess Shahzadi Saheba Dawoodunisssa Begum and had issue: * HRH Sultan
Sultan
Ghalib II bin Awadh Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
(see above "Current Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
Royal Family") - Ruled until 1967

* Princess Saleha bint Awadh Al-Qu'aiti

* Prince Omar bin Awadh Al- Qu'aiti
Qu'aiti
married and has issue:

* Prince Hussain bin Omar * Prince Mohammed bin Omar * Princess Noor bint Omar * Princess Maha bint Omar * Princess Sara bint Omar * Princess Ghada bint Omar * Princess Leila bint Omar

Queen Elizabeth II visiting the Protectorate 1954

SEE ALSO

* Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
* Aden Protectorate
Aden Protectorate
* List of Sunni Muslim dynasties

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Official Website of the Al-Qu\'aiti Royal Family * Qu\'aiti State flag *

.