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The Premier League
Premier League
is the top level of the English football league system. Contested by 20 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the English Football League
English Football League
(EFL). The Premier League
Premier League
is a corporation in which the member clubs act as shareholders. Seasons run from August to May with each team playing 38 matches (playing each other home and away).[1] Most games are played on Saturday and Sunday afternoons. It is often known outside England as the English Premier League
Premier League
(EPL). The competition was formed as the FA Premier League
Premier League
on 20 February 1992 following the decision of clubs in the Football League First Division to break away from the Football League, founded in 1888, and take advantage of a lucrative television rights deal.[2] The deal was worth £1 billion a year domestically as of 2013–14, with BSkyB and BT Group
BT Group
securing the domestic rights to broadcast 116 and 38 games respectively.[3] The league generates €2.2 billion per year in domestic and international television rights.[4] In 2014–15, teams were apportioned revenues of £1.6 billion,[5] rising sharply to £2.4 billion in 2016–17.[6] The Premier League
Premier League
is the most-watched sports league in the world, broadcast in 212 territories to 643 million homes and a potential TV audience of 4.7 billion people.[7] In the 2014–15 season, the average Premier League
Premier League
match attendance exceeded 36,000,[8] second highest of any professional football league behind the Bundesliga's 43,500.[9] Most stadium occupancies are near capacity.[10] The Premier League ranks third in the UEFA
UEFA
coefficients of leagues based on performances in European competitions over the past five seasons, as of 2016.[11] Forty-nine clubs have competed since the inception of the Premier League in 1992. Six of them have won the title: Manchester United (13), Chelsea (5), Arsenal (3), Manchester City (2), Blackburn Rovers (1) and Leicester City (1).

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origins 1.2 Foundation 1.3 "Big Four" dominance (2000s) 1.4 Emergence of the "Big Six" (2010s) 1.5 Development

2 Corporate structure 3 Competition format

3.1 Competition 3.2 Qualification for European competitions 3.3 Premier League
Premier League
clubs in international competition 3.4 Promotion and relegation

4 Clubs

4.1 Champions 4.2 2017–18 season 4.3 Non-English clubs

4.3.1 Wales 4.3.2 Scotland
Scotland
and Ireland

5 Sponsorship 6 Finances 7 Media coverage

7.1 United Kingdom and Ireland 7.2 Worldwide

8 Widening gap with lower leagues 9 Stadiums 10 Managers 11 Players

11.1 Appearances 11.2 Foreign players and transfer regulations 11.3 Player wages and transfer fees 11.4 Top scorers

12 Awards

12.1 Trophy 12.2 Player and manager awards 12.3 20 Seasons Awards

13 See also 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] Origins[edit] Despite significant European success in the 1970s and early 1980s, the late '80s marked a low point for English football. Stadiums were crumbling, supporters endured poor facilities, hooliganism was rife, and English clubs were banned from European competition for five years following the Heysel Stadium
Stadium
disaster in 1985.[12] The Football League First Division, the top level of English football since 1888, was behind leagues such as Italy's Serie A
Serie A
and Spain's La Liga
La Liga
in attendances and revenues, and several top English players had moved abroad.[13] By the turn of the 1990s the downward trend was starting to reverse: at the 1990 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup, England
England
reached the semi-finals; UEFA, European football's governing body, lifted the five-year ban on English clubs playing in European competitions in 1990, resulting in Manchester United
Manchester United
lifting the UEFA
UEFA
Cup Winners' Cup in 1991, and the Taylor Report
Taylor Report
on stadium safety standards, which proposed expensive upgrades to create all-seater stadiums in the aftermath of the Hillsborough disaster, was published in January of that year.[14] The 1980s also saw the major English clubs, led by the likes of Martin Edwards of Manchester United, Irving Scholar of Tottenham Hotspur and David Dein
David Dein
of Arsenal, beginning to be transformed into business ventures that applied commercial principles to the running of the clubs, which led to the increasing power of the elite clubs. By threatening to break away, the top clubs from Division One managed to increase their voting power, and took 50% share all television and sponsorship income in 1986.[15] Revenue from television also became more important: the Football League received £6.3 million for a two-year agreement in 1986, but by 1988, in a deal agreed with ITV, the price rose to £44 million over four years with the leading clubs taking 75% of the cash.[16][17] The 1988 negotiations were conducted under the threat of ten clubs leaving to form a "super league", but were eventually persuaded to stay with the top clubs taking the lion share of the deal.[16][18][19] As stadiums improved and match attendance and revenues rose, the country's top teams again considered leaving the Football League in order to capitalise on the influx of money into the sport.[19] Foundation[edit] See also: Foundation of the Premier League In 1990, the managing director of London Weekend Television
London Weekend Television
(LWT), Greg Dyke, met with the representatives of the "big five" football clubs in England
England
(Manchester United, Liverpool, Tottenham, Everton and Arsenal) over a dinner.[20] The meeting was to pave the way for a break away from The Football League. Dyke believed that it would be more lucrative for LWT if only the larger clubs in the country were featured on national television and wanted to establish whether the clubs would be interested in a larger share of television rights money.[21] The five clubs decided it was a good idea and decided to press ahead with it; however, the league would have no credibility without the backing of The Football Association
The Football Association
and so David Dein
David Dein
of Arsenal held talks to see whether the FA were receptive to the idea. The FA did not enjoy an amicable relationship with the Football League at the time and considered it as a way to weaken the Football League's position.[22] At the close of the 1991 season, a proposal was tabled for the establishment of a new league that would bring more money into the game overall. The Founder Members Agreement, signed on 17 July 1991 by the game's top-flight clubs, established the basic principles for setting up the FA Premier League.[23] The newly formed top division would have commercial independence from The Football Association
The Football Association
and the Football League, giving the FA Premier League
Premier League
licence to negotiate its own broadcast and sponsorship agreements. The argument given at the time was that the extra income would allow English clubs to compete with teams across Europe.[13] Although Dyke played a significant role in the creation of the Premier League, Dyke and ITV would lose out in the bidding for broadcast rights as BSkyB
BSkyB
won with a bid of £304 million over five years with the BBC
BBC
awarded the highlights package broadcast on Match of the Day.[20][21] In 1992, the First Division clubs resigned from the Football League en masse and on 27 May 1992 the FA Premier League
Premier League
was formed as a limited company working out of an office at the Football Association's then headquarters in Lancaster Gate.[13] This meant a break-up of the 104-year-old Football League that had operated until then with four divisions; the Premier League
Premier League
would operate with a single division and the Football League with three. There was no change in competition format; the same number of teams competed in the top flight, and promotion and relegation between the Premier League
Premier League
and the new First Division remained the same as the old First and Second Divisions with three teams relegated from the league and three promoted.[19] The league held its first season in 1992–93. It was composed of 22 clubs for that season. The first Premier League
Premier League
goal was scored by Brian Deane of Sheffield United in a 2–1 win against Manchester United.[24] The 22 inaugural members of the new Premier League
Premier League
were Arsenal, Aston Villa, Blackburn Rovers, Chelsea, Coventry City, Crystal Palace, Everton, Ipswich Town, Leeds United, Liverpool, Manchester City, Manchester United, Middlesbrough, Norwich City, Nottingham Forest, Oldham Athletic, Queens Park Rangers, Sheffield United, Sheffield Wednesday, Southampton, Tottenham Hotspur, and Wimbledon.[25] Luton Town, Notts County, and West Ham United were the three teams relegated from the old first division at the end of the 1991–92 season, and did not take part in the inaugural Premier League season.[26]

Results of the 'Big Four' during the 2000s

Season ARS CHE LIV MUN

2000–01 2 6 3 1

2001–02 1 6 2 3

2002–03 2 4 5 1

2003–04 1 2 4 3

2004–05 2 1 5 3

2005–06 4 1 3 2

2006–07 4 2 3 1

2007–08 3 2 4 1

2008–09 4 3 2 1

2009–10 3 1 7 2

Top four 10 8 8 10

out of 10

     League champions      Champions League group stage      Champions League third qualifying round      Champions League first qualifying round      Europa League or UEFA
UEFA
Cup

"Big Four" dominance (2000s)[edit] One significant feature of the Premier League
Premier League
in the mid-2000s was the dominance of the so-called "Big Four" clubs: Arsenal, Chelsea, Liverpool and Manchester United.[27][28] During this decade, they dominated the top four spots, which came with UEFA
UEFA
Champions League qualification, taking all top-four places in 5 out of 6 seasons from 2003–04 to 2008–09 inclusive, while every season during the 2000s saw the "Big Four" always qualifying for European competition. Arsenal went as far as winning the league without losing a single game in 2003–04, the only time it has ever happened in the Premier League.[29] During the 2000s, only four sides outside the "Big Four" managed to qualify for the Champions League: Leeds United (1999–2000), Newcastle United (2001–02 and 2002–03), Everton (2004–05) and Tottenham Hotspur (2009–10) - each occupying the final Champions League spot, with the exception of Newcastle in the 2002–03 season, who finished third. In May 2008 Kevin Keegan
Kevin Keegan
stated that "Big Four" dominance threatened the division, "This league is in danger of becoming one of the most boring but great leagues in the world."[30] Premier League
Premier League
chief executive Richard Scudamore
Richard Scudamore
said in defence: "There are a lot of different tussles that go on in the Premier League
Premier League
depending on whether you're at the top, in the middle or at the bottom that make it interesting."[31] Between 2005 and 2012, there was a Premier League
Premier League
representative in seven of the eight Champions League finals, with only "Big Four" clubs reaching that stage. Liverpool (2005), Manchester United
Manchester United
(2008) and Chelsea (2012) won the competition during this period, with Arsenal (2006), Liverpool (2007), Chelsea (2008) and Manchester United
Manchester United
(2009 and 2011) all losing Champions League finals. Leeds United were the only non-"Big Four" side to reach the semi-finals of the Champions League, in the 2000–01 season. No Premier League
Premier League
side has reached the final since Chelsea's victory in 2012 - with only two reaching the semi-finals. Additionally, between the 1999-2000 and 2009-10 seasons, four Premier League sides reached UEFA
UEFA
Cup or Europa League finals, with only Liverpool managing to win the competition in 2001. Arsenal (2000), Middlesbrough (2006) and Fulham (2010) all lost their finals. The years following 2009 marked a shift in the structure of the "Big Four" with Tottenham Hotspur and Manchester City both breaking into the top four places on a regular basis.[32] In the 2009–10 season, Tottenham finished fourth and became the first team to break the top four since Everton five years prior.[33] Criticism of the gap between an elite group of "super clubs" and the majority of the Premier League has continued, nevertheless, due to their increasing ability to spend more than the other Premier League
Premier League
clubs.[34] Since the continued presence of Manchester City and Tottenham Hotspur at the top end of the table, no side has won consecutive Premier League
Premier League
titles. By the end of the 2009–10 season, each of the "Big Four" clubs had revenues in excess of €200 million, while Manchester City and Tottenham Hotspur had revenues of roughly €150 million according to the Deloitte Football Money League. Manchester United
Manchester United
had the largest revenue stream in the Premier League
Premier League
at €349.8 million, while Aston Villa were the closest club to the new "Big Six" with revenues of €109.4 million.[35]

Results of the 'Big Six' during the 2010s

Season ARS CHE LIV MCI MUN TOT

2010–11 4 2 6 3 1 5

2011–12 3 6 8 1 2 4

2012–13 4 3 7 2 1 5

2013–14 4 3 2 1 7 6

2014–15 3 1 6 2 4 5

2015–16 2 10 8 4 5 3

2016–17 5 1 4 3 6 2

Top four 6 5 2 7 4 3

Top six 7 6 4 7 6 7

out of 7

     League champions      Champions League group stage      Champions League play-off round      Europa League

Emergence of the "Big Six" (2010s)[edit] Manchester City won the title in the 2011–12 season, becoming the first club outside the "Big Four" to win since Blackburn Rovers in the 1994–95 season. That season also saw two of the "Big Four" (Chelsea and Liverpool) finish outside the top four places for the first time since that season.[32] The arrival of Manchester City as a new force in English football combined with Tottenham Hotspur finishing third and then second in the 2015–16 and 2016–17 seasons respectively meant that many viewed the "Big Four" as proliferating into the "Big Six". With only four UEFA
UEFA
Champions League qualifying places available in the league, greater competition for qualification now exists, albeit from a narrow base of six clubs. In the following five seasons after the 2011–12 campaign, Manchester United
Manchester United
and Liverpool both found themselves outside of the top four three times while Chelsea finished 10th in the 2015–16 season. Arsenal finished 5th in 2016–17, ending their record of 20 consecutive top-four finishes.[36] In the 2015–16 season, the top four was breached by a non "Big Six" side for the first time since Everton in 2005. Leicester City were the surprise winners of the league, qualifying for the Champions League as a result.[37] However, they were unable to follow up their title winning season with another strong season - finishing twelfth. Off the pitch, the "Big Six" wield financial power and influence, with these clubs arguing that they should be entitled to a greater share of revenue due to the greater stature of their clubs globally and the attractive football they aim to play.[38] Objectors argue that the egalitarian revenue structure in the Premier League
Premier League
helps to maintain a competitive league which is vital for its future success.[39] The 2016–17 Deloitte Football Money League report showed the financial disparity between the "Big Six" and the rest of the division. All of the "Big Six" had revenues greater than €350 million, with Manchester United
Manchester United
having the largest revenue in the league at €676.3 million. Leicester City were the closest club to the "Big Six" in terms of revenue, recording a figure of €271.1 million for that season – helped by participation in the Champions League. Eight largest revenue generator West Ham, who didn't play in European competition, had revenues of €213.3 million, nearly half of the fifth largest club, Liverpool (€424.2 million).[40] Development[edit] See also: List of Premier League
Premier League
seasons Due to insistence by the International Federation of Association Football (FIFA), the international governing body of football, that domestic leagues reduce the number of games clubs played, the number of clubs was reduced to 20, down from 22, in 1995 when four teams were relegated from the league and only two teams promoted. The top flight had only been expanded to 22 teams at the start of the 1991–92 season - the year prior to the formation of the Premier League. On 8 June 2006, FIFA
FIFA
requested that all major European leagues, including Italy's Serie A
Serie A
and Spain's La Liga, be reduced to 18 teams by the start of the 2007–08 season. The Premier League
Premier League
responded by announcing their intention to resist such a reduction.[41] Ultimately, the 2007–08 season kicked off again with 20 teams[42], as did the other major European leagues with 20 teams. The league changed its name from the FA Premier League
Premier League
to simply the Premier League
Premier League
in 2007.[43] Corporate structure[edit] The Football Association
The Football Association
Premier League
Premier League
Ltd (FAPL)[44][45][46] is operated as a corporation and is owned by the 20 member clubs. Each club is a shareholder, with one vote each on issues such as rule changes and contracts. The clubs elect a chairman, chief executive, and board of directors to oversee the daily operations of the league.[47] The current chairman is Sir Dave Richards, who was appointed in April 1999, and the chief executive is Richard Scudamore, appointed in November 1999.[48] The former chairman and chief executive, John Quinton and Peter Leaver, were forced to resign in March 1999 after awarding consultancy contracts to former Sky executives Sam Chisholm and David Chance.[49] The Football Association is not directly involved in the day-to-day operations of the Premier League, but has veto power as a special shareholder during the election of the chairman and chief executive and when new rules are adopted by the league.[50] The Premier League
Premier League
sends representatives to UEFA's European Club Association, the number of clubs and the clubs themselves chosen according to UEFA
UEFA
coefficients. For the 2012–13 season the Premier League has 10 representatives in the Association: Arsenal, Aston Villa, Chelsea, Everton, Fulham, Liverpool, Manchester City, Manchester United, Newcastle United and Tottenham Hotspur.[51] The European Club Association
European Club Association
is responsible for electing three members to UEFA's Club Competitions Committee, which is involved in the operations of UEFA
UEFA
competitions such as the Champions League and UEFA Europa League.[52] Competition format[edit] Competition[edit] There are 20 clubs in the Premier League. During the course of a season (from August to May) each club plays the others twice (a double round-robin system), once at their home stadium and once at that of their opponents', for a total of 38 games. Teams receive three points for a win and one point for a draw. No points are awarded for a loss. Teams are ranked by total points, then goal difference, and then goals scored. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position. If there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank.[53] The three lowest placed teams are relegated into the EFL Championship, and the top two teams from the Championship, together with the winner of play-offs involving the third to sixth placed Championship clubs, are promoted in their place.[54] Qualification for European competitions[edit]

Arsenal against Borussia Dortmund
Borussia Dortmund
in the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League in 2011

As of the 2009–10 season qualification for the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League changed, the top four teams in the Premier League
Premier League
qualify for the UEFA Champions League, with the top three teams directly entering the group stage. Previously only the top two teams qualified automatically. The fourth-placed team enters the Champions League at the play-off round for non-champions and must win a two-legged knockout tie in order to enter the group stage.[55] The team placed fifth in the Premier League
Premier League
automatically qualifies for the UEFA
UEFA
Europa League, and the sixth and seventh-placed teams can also qualify, depending on the winners of the two domestic cup competitions i.e. the FA Cup
FA Cup
and the EFL Cup. Two Europa League places are reserved for the winners of each tournament; if the winner of either the FA Cup
FA Cup
or EFL Cup
EFL Cup
qualifies for the Champions League, then that place will go to the next-best placed finisher in the Premier League.[56][57] An exception to the usual European qualification system happened in 2005, after Liverpool won the Champions League the year before, but did not finish in a Champions League qualification place in the Premier League
Premier League
that season. UEFA
UEFA
gave special dispensation for Liverpool to enter the Champions League, giving England
England
five qualifiers.[58] UEFA
UEFA
subsequently ruled that the defending champions qualify for the competition the following year regardless of their domestic league placing. However, for those leagues with four entrants in the Champions League, this meant that if the Champions League winner finished outside the top four in its domestic league, it would qualify at the expense of the fourth-placed team in the league. At that time, no association could have more than four entrants in the Champions League.[59] This occurred in 2012, when Chelsea – who had won the Champions League that summer, but finished sixth in the league – qualified for the Champions League in place of Tottenham Hotspur, who went into the Europa League.[60] Starting with the 2015–16 season, the Europa League champion automatically qualifies for the following season's Champions League, and the maximum number of Champions League places for any single association has increased to five. An association with four Champions League places, such as The FA, will only earn a fifth place if a club from that association that does not qualify for the Champions League through its league wins either the Champions League or Europa League.[61] In 2007, the Premier League
Premier League
became the highest ranking European League based on the performances of English teams in European competitions over a five-year period. This broke the eight-year dominance of the Spanish league, La Liga.[62] Premier League
Premier League
clubs in international competition[edit] Main article: Premier League
Premier League
clubs in international performance Between the 1992–93 and the 2016–17 seasons, Premier League
Premier League
clubs won the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League four times (and had five runners-up), behind Spain's La Liga
La Liga
with ten wins, and Italy's Serie A
Serie A
with five wins; ahead of, among others, Germany's Bundesliga
Bundesliga
with three wins. The FIFA
FIFA
Club World Cup (originally called the FIFA
FIFA
Club World Championship) has been won once by a Premier League
Premier League
club (Manchester United in 2008),[63] with two runners-up (Liverpool in 2005, Chelsea in 2012),[64][65] behind Spain's La Liga
La Liga
with five wins,[66][67] Brazil's Brasileirão with four wins,[64][65][68][69] and Italy's Serie A
Serie A
with two wins[70][71] (see table here). Promotion and relegation[edit] A system of promotion and relegation exists between the Premier League and the EFL Championship. The three lowest placed teams in the Premier League are relegated to the Championship, and the top two teams from the Championship promoted to the Premier League,[72] with an additional team promoted after a series of play-offs involving the third, fourth, fifth and sixth placed clubs. The Premier League
Premier League
had 22 teams when it began in 1992, but this was reduced to the present 20-team format in 1995. Clubs[edit] Main article: List of Premier League
Premier League
clubs See also: All-time FA Premier League
Premier League
table A total of 49 clubs have played in the Premier League
Premier League
from its inception in 1992, up to and including the 2017–18 season.[73] Champions[edit] See also: List of English football champions

No. Season Champion

1 1992–93 Manchester United

2 1993–94 Manchester United

3 1994–95 Blackburn Rovers

4 1995–96 Manchester United

5 1996–97 Manchester United

6 1997–98 Arsenal

7 1998–99 Manchester United

8 1999–2000 Manchester United

9 2000–01 Manchester United

10 2001–02 Arsenal

11 2002–03 Manchester United

12 2003–04 Arsenal

13 2004–05 Chelsea

No. Season Champion

14 2005–06 Chelsea

15 2006–07 Manchester United

16 2007–08 Manchester United

17 2008–09 Manchester United

18 2009–10 Chelsea

19 2010–11 Manchester United

20 2011–12 Manchester City

21 2012–13 Manchester United

22 2013–14 Manchester City

23 2014–15 Chelsea

24 2015–16 Leicester City

25 2016–17 Chelsea

Wins by club

Club Wins Winning years

Manchester United 13 1992–93, 1993–94, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2012–13

Chelsea 5 2004–05, 2005–06, 2009–10, 2014–15, 2016–17

Arsenal 3 1997–98, 2001–02, 2003–04

Manchester City 2 2011–12, 2013–14

Blackburn Rovers 1 1994–95

Leicester City 2015–16

2017–18 season[edit] The following 20 clubs will compete in the Premier League
Premier League
during the 2017–18 season.

Club Position in 2016–17 First season in top division Seasons in top division Seasons in Premier League First season of current spell in top division Top division titles Last top division title

Arsenala, b 7000500000000000000♠5th 1904–05 101 26 1919–20 13 2003–04

AFC Bournemouthb 7000900000000000000♠9th 2015–16 3 3 2015–16 0 n/a

Brighton and Hove Albionb 7000200000000000000♠2nd in the Championship 1979–80 6 1 2017–18 0 n/a

Burnleyc 7001160000000000000♠16th 1888–89 55 4 2016–17 2 1959–60

Chelseaa, b 7000100000000000000♠1st 1907–08 83 26 1989–90 6 2016–17

Crystal Palacea 7001140000000000000♠14th 1969–70 18 9 2013–14 0 n/a

Evertona, b, c 7000700000000000000♠7th 1888–89 115 26 1954–55 9 1986–87

Huddersfield Townb 7000500000000000000♠5th in the Championship 1920–21 32 1 2017–18 3 1923–24

Leicester City 7001120000000000000♠12th 1908–09 50 12 2014–15 1 2015–16

Liverpoola, b 7000400000000000000♠4th 1894–95 103 26 1962–63 18 1989–90

Manchester Citya 7000300000000000000♠3rd 1899–1900 89 21 2002–03 4 2013–14

Manchester Uniteda, b 7000600000000000000♠6th 1892–93 93 26 1975–76 20 2012–13

Newcastle United 7000100000000000000♠1st in the Championship 1898–99 86 23 2017–18 4 1926–27

Southamptona 7000800000000000000♠8th 1966–67 41 19 2012–13 0 n/a

Stoke Cityb, c 7001130000000000000♠13th 1888–89 62 10 2008–09 0 n/a

Swansea Cityb, d 7001150000000000000♠15th 1981–82 9 7 2011–12 0 n/a

Tottenham Hotspura, b 7000200000000000000♠2nd 1909–10 83 26 1978–79 2 1960–61

Watford 7001170000000000000♠17th 1982–83 15 5 2015–16 0 n/a

West Bromwich Albionc 7001100000000000000♠10th 1888–89 81 12 2010–11 1 1919–20

West Ham United 7001110000000000000♠11th 1923–24 60 22 2012–13 0 n/a

Hull City, Middlesbrough, and Sunderland were relegated to the Championship for the 2017–18 season, while Newcastle United, Brighton and Hove Albion and Huddersfield Town, as winners, runners-up and play-off final winners respectively, were promoted from the 2016–17 Championship season. AFC Bournemouth, Stoke City, and Swansea City are the only clubs to have remained in the Premier League
Premier League
since their first promotion, having played 3, 9 and 6 seasons (out of 26) respectively. Brighton and Hove Albion and Huddersfield Town will make their Premier League debuts in 2017–18 season.

a: Founding member of the Premier League b: Never been relegated from Premier League c: One of the original 12 Football League teams d: Club based in Wales

AFC Bournemouth

Southampton

London

Brighton & Hove Albion

West Bromwich Albion

Stoke City

Manchester City

Manchester United

Liverpool

Everton

Huddersfield Town

Newcastle United

Leicester City

Swansea City

Burnley

London teams Arsenal Chelsea Crystal Palace Tottenham Hotspur Watford West Ham United

Location of clubs for the 2017–18 Premier League
2017–18 Premier League
season

Arsenal

Chelsea

Crystal Palace

Tottenham Hotspur

West Ham United

Watford

Greater London
London
Premier League
Premier League
football clubs

Non-English clubs[edit] See also: List of association football clubs playing in the league of another country Wales[edit] In 2011, a Welsh club participated in the Premier League
Premier League
for the first time after Swansea City gained promotion.[74][75] The first Premier League match to be played outside England
England
was Swansea City's home match at the Liberty Stadium
Stadium
against Wigan Athletic on 20 August 2011.[76] In 2012–13, Swansea qualified for the Europa League by winning the League Cup.[77] The number of Welsh clubs in the Premier League increased to two for the first time in 2013–14, as Cardiff City gained promotion,[78] but they were relegated after their maiden season.[79] Because they are members of the Football Association of Wales
Wales
(FAW), the question of whether clubs like Swansea should represent England
England
or Wales
Wales
in European competitions has caused long-running discussions in UEFA. Swansea took one of England's three available places in the Europa League in 2013–14 by winning the League Cup in 2012–13. The right of Welsh clubs to take up such English places was in doubt until UEFA
UEFA
clarified the matter in March 2012, allowing them to participate.[80] Scotland
Scotland
and Ireland[edit] Participation in the Premier League
Premier League
by some Scottish or Irish clubs has sometimes been discussed, but without result. The idea came closest to reality in 1998, when Wimbledon received Premier League approval to relocate to Dublin, Ireland, but the move was blocked by the Football Association of Ireland.[81][82][83][84] Additionally, the media occasionally discusses the idea that Scotland's two biggest teams, Celtic and Rangers, should or will take part in the Premier League, but nothing has come of these discussions.[85] Sponsorship[edit] See also: English football sponsorship From 1993 to 2016, the Premier League
Premier League
had title sponsorship rights sold to two companies, which were Carling Breweries and Barclays
Barclays
Bank PLC; Barclays
Barclays
was the most recent title sponsor, having sponsored the Premier League
Premier League
from 2001 through 2016 (until 2004, the title sponsorship was held through its Barclaycard
Barclaycard
brand before shifting to its main banking brand in 2004).[86]

Period Sponsor Name

1992–1993 No sponsor FA Premier League

1993–2001 Carling FA Carling Premiership[13]

2001–2004 Barclaycard FA Barclaycard
Barclaycard
Premiership[13]

2004–2007 Barclays FA Barclays
Barclays
Premiership

2008–2016 Barclays
Barclays
Premier League[13][87]

2016– No sponsor Premier League

Barclays' deal with the Premier League
Premier League
expired at the end of the 2015–16 season. The FA announced on 4 June 2015 that it would not pursue any further title sponsorship deals for the Premier League, arguing that they wanted to build a "clean" brand for the competition more in line with those of major U.S. sports leagues.[88] As well as sponsorship for the league itself, the Premier League
Premier League
has a number of official partners and suppliers.[89] The official ball supplier for the league is Nike who have had the contract since the 2000–01 season when they took over from Mitre.[90] Finances[edit] See also: List of Premier League
Premier League
football club owners The Premier League
Premier League
has the highest revenue of any football league in the world, with total club revenues of €2.48 billion in 2009–10.[91][92] In 2013–14, due to improved television revenues and cost controls, the Premier League
Premier League
had net profits in excess of £78 million, exceeding all other football leagues.[93] In 2010 the Premier League
Premier League
was awarded the Queen's Award for Enterprise in the International Trade category for its outstanding contribution to international trade and the value it brings to English football and the United Kingdom's broadcasting industry.[94] The Premier League
Premier League
includes some of the richest football clubs in the world. Deloitte's "Football Money League" listed seven Premier League clubs in the top 20 for the 2009–10 season,[95] and all 20 clubs were in the top 40 globally by the end of the 2013–14 season, largely as a result of increased broadcasting revenue.[96] From 2013, the league generates €2.2 billion per year in domestic and international television rights.[4] Premier League
Premier League
clubs agreed in principle in December 2012, to radical new cost controls. The two proposals consist of a break-even rule and a cap on the amount clubs can increase their wage bill by each season. With the new television deals on the horizon, momentum has been growing to find ways of preventing the majority of the cash going straight to players and agents.[97] Central payments for the 2016–17 season amounted to £2,398,515,773 across the 20 clubs, with each team receiving a flat participation fee of £35,301,989 and additional payments for TV broadcasts (£1,016,690 for general UK rights to match highlights, £1,136,083 for each live UK broadcast of their games and £39,090,596 for all overseas rights), commercial rights (a flat fee of £4,759,404) and a notional measure of "merit" which was based upon final league position.[6] The merit component was a nominal sum of £1,941,609 multiplied by each finishing place, counted from the foot of the table (e.g., Burnley finished 16th in May 2017, five places counting upwards, and received 5 × £1,941,609 = £9,708,045 merit payment).[6] Media coverage[edit] See also: English football on television, List of Premier League broadcasters, and Broadcasting
Broadcasting
and the foundation of the Premier League United Kingdom and Ireland[edit]

Matches broadcast in the United Kingdom and Ireland

Seasons Sky Setanta ESPN BT Total

1992–1997 60 – – – 60

1997–2001 60 – – – 60

2001–2004 110 – – – 110

2004–2007 138 – – – 138

2007–2009 96 42 – – 138

2009–2013 115 – 23 – 138

2013–2016 116 – – 38 154

2016–2019 126 – – 42 168

A 2012 match between Chelsea and Norwich City.

Television has played a major role in the history of the Premier League. The League's decision to assign broadcasting rights to BSkyB in 1992 was at the time a radical decision, but one that has paid off. At the time pay television was an almost untested proposition in the UK market, as was charging fans to watch live televised football. However, a combination of Sky's strategy, the quality of Premier League football and the public's appetite for the game has seen the value of the Premier League's TV rights soar.[17] The Premier League
Premier League
sells its television rights on a collective basis. This is in contrast to some other European Leagues, including La Liga, in which each club sells its rights individually, leading to a much higher share of the total income going to the top few clubs.[98] The money is divided into three parts:[99] half is divided equally between the clubs; one quarter is awarded on a merit basis based on final league position, the top club getting twenty times as much as the bottom club, and equal steps all the way down the table; the final quarter is paid out as facilities fees for games that are shown on television, with the top clubs generally receiving the largest shares of this. The income from overseas rights is divided equally between the twenty clubs.[100] The first Sky television rights agreement was worth £304 million over five seasons.[101] The next contract, negotiated to start from the 1997–98 season, rose to £670 million over four seasons.[101] The third contract was a £1.024 billion deal with BSkyB
BSkyB
for the three seasons from 2001–02 to 2003–04. The league brought in £320 million from the sale of its international rights for the three-year period from 2004–05 to 2006–07. It sold the rights itself on a territory-by-territory basis.[102] Sky's monopoly was broken from August 2006 when Setanta Sports
Setanta Sports
was awarded rights to show two out of the six packages of matches available. This occurred following an insistence by the European Commission
European Commission
that exclusive rights should not be sold to one television company. Sky and Setanta paid a total of £1.7 billion, a two-thirds increase which took many commentators by surprise as it had been widely assumed that the value of the rights had levelled off following many years of rapid growth. Setanta also hold rights to a live 3 pm match solely for Irish viewers. The BBC
BBC
has retained the rights to show highlights for the same three seasons (on Match of the Day) for £171.6 million, a 63 per cent increase on the £105 million it paid for the previous three-year period.[103] Sky and BT have agreed to jointly pay £84.3 million for delayed television rights to 242 games (that is the right to broadcast them in full on television and over the internet) in most cases for a period of 50 hours after 10 pm on matchday.[104] Overseas television rights fetched £625 million, nearly double the previous contract.[105] The total raised from these deals is more than £2.7 billion, giving Premier League
Premier League
clubs an average media income from league games of around £40 million-a-year from 2007 to 2010.[106]

Cristiano Ronaldo
Cristiano Ronaldo
preparing to take a free kick in a 2009 match between Manchester United
Manchester United
and Liverpool.

The TV rights agreement between the Premier League
Premier League
and Sky has faced accusations of being a cartel, and a number of court cases have arisen as a result.[107] An investigation by the Office of Fair Trading
Office of Fair Trading
in 2002 found BSkyB
BSkyB
to be dominant within the pay TV sports market, but concluded that there were insufficient grounds for the claim that BSkyB
BSkyB
had abused its dominant position.[108] In July 1999 the Premier League's method of selling rights collectively for all member clubs was investigated by the UK Restrictive Practices Court, who concluded that the agreement was not contrary to the public interest.[109] The BBC's highlights package on Saturday and Sunday nights, as well as other evenings when fixtures justify, will run until 2016.[110] Television rights alone for the period 2010 to 2013 have been purchased for £1.782 billion.[111] On 22 June 2009, due to troubles encountered by Setanta Sports
Setanta Sports
after it failed to meet a final deadline over a £30 million payment to the Premier League, ESPN was awarded two packages of UK rights containing a total of 46 matches that were available for the 2009–10 season as well as a package of 23 matches per season from 2010–11 to 2012–13.[112] On 13 June 2012, the Premier League
Premier League
announced that BT had been awarded 38 games a season for the 2013–14 through 2015–16 seasons at £246 million-a-year. The remaining 116 games were retained by Sky who paid £760 million-a-year. The total domestic rights have raised £3.018 billion, an increase of 70.2% over the 2010–11 to 2012–13 rights.[113] The value of the licensing deal rose by another 70.2% in 2015, when Sky and BT paid a total of £5.136 billion to renew their contracts with the Premier League for another three years up to the 2018–19 season.[114] UK highlights

Highlights programme Duration Channel

Match of the Day 1992–2001 BBC

The Premiership 2001–2004 ITV

Match of the Day 2004–present BBC

Between the 1998–99 season and the 2012–13 season, RTÉ broadcast highlights on Premier Soccer Saturday and occasionally Premier Soccer Sunday. During then between the 2004–05 season and the 2006–07 season, RTÉ broadcast 15 live matches on a Saturday afternoon with each match being called Premiership Live. In August 2016, it was announced that the BBC
BBC
would be creating a new magazine-style show for the Premier League
Premier League
entitled The Premier League Show.[115] Worldwide[edit] The Premier League
Premier League
is the most-watched football league in the world, broadcast in 212 territories to 643 million homes and a potential TV audience of 4.7 billion people,[7]. The Premier League's production arm, Premier League
Premier League
Productions, is operated by IMG Productions and produces all content for its international television partners. The Premier League
Premier League
is particularly popular in Asia, where it is the most widely distributed sports programme.[116] In Australia, Optus telecommunications holds exclusive rights to the Premier League, providing live broadcasts and online access ( Fox Sports formerly held rights).[117] In India, the matches are broadcast live on STAR Sports. In China, the broadcast rights were awarded to Super Sports in a six-year agreement that began in the 2013–14 season.[118] As of the 2013–14 season, Canadian broadcast rights to the Premier League
Premier League
are jointly owned by Sportsnet
Sportsnet
and TSN, with both rival networks holding rights to 190 matches per season.[119] The Premier League
Premier League
is broadcast in the United States
United States
through NBC Sports.[120] Premier League
Premier League
viewership has increased rapidly, with NBC and NBCSN averaging a record 479,000 viewers in the 2014–15 season, up 118% from 2012–13 when coverage still aired on Fox Soccer and ESPN/ ESPN2
ESPN2
(220,000 viewers),[121] and NBC Sports
NBC Sports
has been widely praised for its coverage.[121][122][123] NBC Sports
NBC Sports
reached a six-year extension with the Premier League
Premier League
in 2015 to broadcast the league through the 2021–22 season in a deal valued at $1 billion (£640 million).[124][125] Widening gap with lower leagues[edit] See also: Premier League–Football League gulf There has been an increasing gulf between the Premier League
Premier League
and the Football League. Since its split with the Football League, many established clubs in the Premier League
Premier League
have managed to distance themselves from their counterparts in lower leagues. Owing in large part to the disparity in revenue from television rights between the leagues,[126] many newly promoted teams have found it difficult to avoid relegation in their first season in the Premier League. In every season except 2001–02 and 2011–12, at least one Premier League newcomer has been relegated back to the Football League. In 1997–98 all three promoted clubs were relegated at the end of the season.[127] The Premier League
Premier League
distributes a portion of its television revenue to clubs that are relegated from the league in the form of "parachute payments". Starting with the 2013–14 season, these payments are in excess of £60 million over four seasons.[128] Though designed to help teams adjust to the loss of television revenues (the average Premier League
Premier League
team receives £55 million[129] while the average Football League Championship
Football League Championship
club receives £2 million),[130] critics maintain that the payments actually widen the gap between teams that have reached the Premier League
Premier League
and those that have not,[131] leading to the common occurrence of teams "bouncing back" soon after their relegation. For some clubs who have failed to win immediate promotion back to the Premier League, financial problems, including in some cases administration or even liquidation have followed. Further relegations down the footballing ladder have ensued for several clubs unable to cope with the gap.[132][133] Stadiums[edit] Main article: List of Premier League
Premier League
stadiums As of the 2017–18 season, Premier League
Premier League
football has been played in 58 stadiums since the formation of the division.[134] The Hillsborough disaster in 1989 and the subsequent Taylor Report
Taylor Report
saw a recommendation that standing terraces should be abolished; as a result all stadiums in the Premier League
Premier League
are all-seater.[135][136] Since the formation of the Premier League, football grounds in England
England
have seen constant improvements to capacity and facilities, with some clubs moving to new-build stadiums.[137] Nine stadiums that have seen Premier League football have now been demolished. The stadiums for the 2017–18 season show a large disparity in capacity: Wembley Stadium, the temporary home of Tottenham Hotspur, has a capacity of 90,000 with Dean Court, the home of Bournemouth, having a capacity of 11,360.[138][139] The combined total capacity of the Premier League
Premier League
in the 2017–18 season is 806,033 with an average capacity of 40,302.[138] Stadium
Stadium
attendances are a significant source of regular income for Premier League
Premier League
clubs.[140] For the 2016–17 season, average attendances across the league clubs were 35,838 for Premier League matches with a total aggregate attendance figure of 13,618,596.[141] This represents an increase of 14,712 from the average attendance of 21,126 recorded in the league's first season (1992–93).[142] However, during the 1992–93 season the capacities of most stadiums were reduced as clubs replaced terraces with seats in order to meet the Taylor Report's 1994–95 deadline for all-seater stadiums.[143][144] The Premier League's record average attendance of 36,144 was set during the 2007–08 season.[145] This record was then beaten in the 2013–14 season recording an average attendance of 36,695 with a total attendance of just under 14 million, the highest average in England's top flight since 1950.[146] Managers[edit] See also: List of Premier League
Premier League
managers Managers in the Premier League
Premier League
are involved in the day-to-day running of the team, including the training, team selection, and player acquisition. Their influence varies from club-to-club and is related to the ownership of the club and the relationship of the manager with fans.[147] Managers are required to have a UEFA
UEFA
Pro Licence which is the final coaching qualification available, and follows the completion of the UEFA
UEFA
'B' and 'A' Licences.[148] The UEFA
UEFA
Pro Licence is required by every person who wishes to manage a club in the Premier League on a permanent basis (i.e. more than 12 weeks – the amount of time an unqualified caretaker manager is allowed to take control).[149] Caretaker appointments are managers that fill the gap between a managerial departure and a new appointment. Several caretaker managers have gone on to secure a permanent managerial post after performing well as a caretaker; examples include Paul Hart
Paul Hart
at Portsmouth and David Pleat at Tottenham Hotspur. The league's longest-serving manager was Alex Ferguson, who was in charge of Manchester United
Manchester United
from November 1986 until his retirement at the end of the 2012–13 season, meaning that he was manager for all of the first 21 seasons of the Premier League. Arsène Wenger
Arsène Wenger
is the league's longest-serving current manager, having been in charge of Arsenal in the Premier League
Premier League
since 1996.[150] As of the 22nd game-week of the 2017/2018 season, 7 managers have been sacked, the most recent being Mark Hughes of Stoke City.[151] There have been several studies into the reasoning behind, and effects of, managerial sackings. Most famously, Professor Sue Bridgewater of the University of Liverpool and Dr. Bas ter Weel of the University of Amsterdam, performed two separate studies which helped to explain the statistics behind managerial sackings. Bridgewater's study found that clubs generally sack their managers upon dropping below an average of 1 point-per-game.[152]

Winning managers

Manager Club(s) Wins Winning years

Alex Ferguson Manchester United 13 1992–93, 1993–94, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2010–11, 2012–13

Arsène Wenger Arsenal 3 1997–98, 2001–02, 2003–04

José Mourinho Chelsea 2004–05, 2005–06, 2014–15

Kenny Dalglish Blackburn Rovers 1 1994–95

Carlo Ancelotti Chelsea 2009–10

Roberto Mancini Manchester City 2011–12

Manuel Pellegrini Manchester City 2013–14

Claudio Ranieri Leicester City 2015–16

Antonio Conte Chelsea 2016–17

Former Manchester United
Manchester United
manager Sir Alex Ferguson
Alex Ferguson
was the longest serving and most successful manager in the history of the Premier League.

Current managers

Nat. Name Club Appointed Time as manager

France
France
! Wenger, ArseneArsène Wenger Arsenal 000000001996-10-01-00001 October 1996 7003785700000000000♠21 years, 187 days

England
England
! Howe, EddieEddie Howe AFC Bournemouth 000000002012-10-12-000012 October 2012 7003200200000000000♠5 years, 176 days

England
England
! Dyche, SeanSean Dyche Burnley 000000002012-10-30-000030 October 2012 7003198400000000000♠5 years, 158 days

Argentina
Argentina
! Pochettino, MauricioMauricio Pochettino Tottenham Hotspur 000000002014-05-27-000027 May 2014 7003141000000000000♠3 years, 314 days

England
England
! Hughton, ChrisChris Hughton Brighton & Hove Albion 000000002014-12-31-000031 December 2014 7003119200000000000♠3 years, 96 days

Germany
Germany
! Klopp, JürgenJürgen Klopp Liverpool 000000002015-10-08-00008 October 2015 7002911000000000000♠2 years, 180 days

Portugal
Portugal
! Wagner, DavidDavid Wagner Huddersfield Town 000000002015-11-05-00005 November 2015 7002883000000000000♠2 years, 152 days

Spain
Spain
! Benítez, RafaelRafael Benítez Newcastle United 000000002016-03-11-000011 March 2016 7002756000000000000♠2 years, 26 days

Portugal
Portugal
! Mourinho, JoséJosé Mourinho Manchester United 000000002016-05-27-000027 May 2016 7002679000000000000♠1 year, 314 days

Netherlands ! Conte, AntonioAntonio Conte Chelsea 000000002016-07-01-00001 July 2016 7002644000000000000♠1 year, 279 days

Spain
Spain
! Guardiola, PepPep Guardiola Manchester City 000000002016-07-01-00001 July 2016 7002644000000000000♠1 year, 279 days

England
England
! Hodgson, RoyRoy Hodgson Crystal Palace 000000002017-09-12-000012 September 2017 7002206000000000000♠206 days

France
France
! Puel, ClaudeClaude Puel Leicester City 000000002017-10-25-000025 October 2017 7002163000000000000♠163 days

Scotland
Scotland
! Moyes, DavidDavid Moyes West Ham United 000000002017-11-07-00007 November 2017 7002150000000000000♠150 days

England
England
! Allardyce, SamSam Allardyce Everton 000000002017-11-30-000030 November 2017 7002127000000000000♠127 days

Portugal
Portugal
! Carvalhal, CarlosCarlos Carvalhal Swansea City 000000002017-12-28-000028 December 2017 7001990000000000000♠99 days

Scotland
Scotland
! Lambert, PaulPaul Lambert Stoke City 000000002018-01-15-000015 January 2018 7001810000000000000♠81 days

Portugal
Portugal
! Gracia, JaviJavi Gracia Watford 000000002018-01-21-000021 January 2018 7001750000000000000♠75 days

Wales
Wales
! Hughes, MarkMark Hughes Southampton 000000002018-03-14-000014 March 2018 7001230000000000000♠23 days

Jamaica
Jamaica
! Moore, DarrenDarren Moore West Bromwich Albion 000000002018-04-02-00002 April 2018 7000400000000000000♠4 days

Players[edit] See also: Premier League records and statistics
Premier League records and statistics
§ Player records, and List of footballers with a Premier League
Premier League
winner's medal Appearances[edit] See also: List of Premier League players with 500 or more appearances

Most appearances

Rank Player Apps

1 Gareth Barry 652

2 Ryan Giggs 632

3 Frank Lampard 609

4 David James 572

5 Gary Speed 535

6 Emile Heskey 516

7 Mark Schwarzer 514

8 Jamie Carragher 508

9 Phil Neville 505

10 Steven Gerrard 504

Rio Ferdinand

As of 20 February 2018.[153] Italicised players still playing professional football. Bolded players still playing in Premier League.

Foreign players and transfer regulations[edit] See also: List of foreign Premier League players
List of foreign Premier League players
and List of foreign Premier League
Premier League
goalscorers At the inception of the Premier League
Premier League
in 1992–93, just eleven players named in the starting line-ups for the first round of matches hailed from outside of the United Kingdom or Ireland.[154] By 2000–01, the number of foreign players participating in the Premier League was 36 per cent of the total. In the 2004–05 season the figure had increased to 45 per cent. On 26 December 1999, Chelsea became the first Premier League
Premier League
side to field an entirely foreign starting line-up,[155] and on 14 February 2005 Arsenal were the first to name a completely foreign 16-man squad for a match.[156] By 2009, under 40% of the players in the Premier League were English.[157] In response to concerns that clubs were increasingly passing over young English players in favour of foreign players, in 1999, the Home Office tightened its rules for granting work permits to players from countries outside of the European Union.[158] A non-EU player applying for the permit must have played for his country in at least 75 per cent of its competitive 'A' team matches for which he was available for selection during the previous two years, and his country must have averaged at least 70th place in the official FIFA world rankings over the previous two years. If a player does not meet those criteria, the club wishing to sign him may appeal.[159] Players may only be transferred during transfer windows that are set by the Football Association. The two transfer windows run from the last day of the season to 31 August and from 31 December to 31 January. Player registrations cannot be exchanged outside these windows except under specific licence from the FA, usually on an emergency basis.[160] As of the 2010–11 season, the Premier League introduced new rules mandating that each club must register a maximum 25-man squad of players aged over 21, with the squad list only allowed to be changed in transfer windows or in exceptional circumstances.[161][162] This was to enable the 'home grown' rule to be enacted, whereby the League would also from 2010 require at least 8 of the named 25 man squad to be made up of 'home-grown players'.[161] Player wages and transfer fees[edit] See also: Progression of British football transfer fee record There is no team or individual salary cap in the Premier League. As a result of the increasingly lucrative television deals, player wages rose sharply following the formation of the Premier League
Premier League
when the average player wage was £75,000 per year.[163] The average salary stands at £1.1 million as of the 2008–09 season.[164] As of 2015, average salaries in the Premier League
Premier League
are higher than for any other football league in the world.[165] The record transfer fee for a Premier League
Premier League
player has risen steadily over the lifetime of the competition. Prior to the start of the first Premier League
Premier League
season Alan Shearer
Alan Shearer
became the first British player to command a transfer fee of more than £3 million.[166] The record rose steadily in the Premier League's first few seasons, until Alan Shearer made a record breaking £15 million move to Newcastle United in 1996.[166] All three of the most expensive transfers in the sport's history had a Premier League
Premier League
club on the selling or buying end, with Juventus
Juventus
selling Paul Pogba
Paul Pogba
to Manchester United
Manchester United
in August 2016 for a fee of £89 million, Tottenham Hotspur selling Gareth Bale to Real Madrid for £85 million in 2013,[167] Manchester United's sale of Cristiano Ronaldo
Cristiano Ronaldo
to Real Madrid for £80 million in 2009,[168] and Liverpool selling Luis Suárez
Luis Suárez
to Barcelona for £75 million in 2014.[169] Top scorers[edit] See also: List of Premier League players with 100 or more goals, Top Premier League
Premier League
goal scorers by season, and Premier League
Premier League
Golden Boot

Alan Shearer
Alan Shearer
is the top scorer in Premier League
Premier League
history.

As of 2 January 2018.[170]

Rank Name Years Goals Apps Ratio

1 Alan Shearer 1992–2006 260 441 0.59

2 Wayne Rooney 2002– 208 478 0.44

3 Andrew Cole 1992–2008 187 414 0.45

4 Frank Lampard 1995–2015 177 609 0.29

5 Thierry Henry 1999–2007, 2012 175 258 0.68

6 Robbie Fowler 1993–2009 163 379 0.43

7 Jermain Defoe 2001–2003, 2004–2014, 2015– 161 483 0.33

8 Michael Owen 1996–2004, 2005–13 150 326 0.46

9 Les Ferdinand 1992–2005 149 351 0.42

10 Teddy Sheringham 1992–2007 146 418 0.35

Italics denotes players still playing professional football, Bold denotes players still playing in the Premier League. The Golden Boot is awarded to the top Premier League
Premier League
scorer at the end of each season. Former Blackburn Rovers and Newcastle United striker Alan Shearer
Alan Shearer
holds the record for most Premier League
Premier League
goals with 260.[171] Twenty-five players have reached the 100-goal mark.[172] Since the first Premier League
Premier League
season in 1992–93, 14 different players from 10 different clubs have won or shared the top scorers title.[173] Thierry Henry
Thierry Henry
won his fourth overall scoring title by scoring 27 goals in the 2005–06 season. Andrew Cole
Andrew Cole
and Alan Shearer hold the record for most goals in a season (34) – for Newcastle and Blackburn respectively.[174] Ryan Giggs
Ryan Giggs
of Manchester United
Manchester United
holds the record for scoring goals in consecutive seasons, having scored in the first 21 seasons of the league.[175] Awards[edit] Trophy[edit]

The Premier League
Premier League
trophy

The gold Premier League
Premier League
trophy awarded to Arsenal for winning the 2003–04 title without defeat

The Premier League
Premier League
maintains two trophies – the genuine trophy (held by the reigning champions) and a spare replica. Two trophies are held in the event that two different clubs could win the League on the final day of the season.[176] In the rare event that more than two clubs are vying for the title on the final day of the season – then a replica won by a previous club is used.[177] The current Premier League
Premier League
trophy was created by Royal Jewellers Asprey of London. It consists of a trophy with a golden crown and a malachite plinth base. The plinth weighs 33 pounds (15 kg) and the trophy weighs 22 pounds (10.0 kg).[178] The trophy and plinth are 76 cm (30 in) tall, 43 cm (17 in) wide and 25 cm (9.8 in) deep.[179] Its main body is solid sterling silver and silver gilt, while its plinth is made of malachite, a semi-precious stone. The plinth has a silver band around its circumference, upon which the names of the title-winning clubs are listed. Malachite's green colour is also representative of the green field of play.[179] The design of the trophy is based on the heraldry of Three Lions that is associated with English football. Two of the lions are found above the handles on either side of the trophy – the third is symbolised by the captain of the title-winning team as he raises the trophy, and its gold crown, above his head at the end of the season.[180] The ribbons that drape the handles are presented in the team colours of the league champions that year. In 2004, a special gold version of the trophy was commissioned to commemorate Arsenal winning the title without a single defeat.[181] Player and manager awards[edit] In addition to the winner's trophy and the individual winner's medals awarded to players, the Premier League
Premier League
also awards the monthly Manager of the Month, Player of the Month and Goal of the Month awards,[182] as well as annual awards for Manager of the Season,[183] Player of the Season,[184] Golden Boot and the Golden Glove awards.[185]. From the 2017/18 season, players also receive a milestone award for 100 appearances and every century there after and also players who score 50 goals and multiples thereof. Each player to reach these milestones will receive a presentation box from the Premier League
Premier League
containing a special medallion and a plaque commemorating their achievement[186]. 20 Seasons Awards[edit] Further information: Premier League 20 Seasons Awards
Premier League 20 Seasons Awards
and Premier League 10 Seasons Awards In 2012, the Premier League
Premier League
celebrated its second decade by holding the 20 Seasons Awards:[187]

Fantasy Team of the 20 Seasons

Panel Choice: Peter Schmeichel, Gary Neville, Tony Adams, Rio Ferdinand, Ashley Cole, Cristiano Ronaldo, Roy Keane, Paul Scholes, Ryan Giggs, Thierry Henry, Alan Shearer Public Vote: Peter Schmeichel, Gary Neville, Tony Adams, Nemanja Vidić, Ashley Cole, Cristiano Ronaldo, Steven Gerrard, Paul Scholes, Ryan Giggs, Thierry Henry, Alan Shearer

Best Manager: Sir Alex Ferguson Best Player: Ryan Giggs Most Appearances: Gareth Barry
Gareth Barry
(652) Top Goalscorer: Alan Shearer
Alan Shearer
(260) Most Clean Sheets: David James (173) 500 Club: Steven Gerrard, Jamie Carragher, Gareth Barry, Ryan Giggs, David James, Gary Speed, Frank Lampard, Emile Heskey, and Sol Campbell. Best Goal: Wayne Rooney, 12 February 2011, Man. United vs Man. City Best Save: Craig Gordon, 18 December 2010, Sunderland vs Bolton Best Team: 2003–04 Arsenal

See also[edit]

English football portal

List of English football champions List of English Football League
English Football League
managers Football records in England

References[edit]

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Bibliography

Hammam, Sam (14 January 2000). The Wimbledon We Have. London: Wimbledon FC. 

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Premier League
(Swaziland) Premier League
Premier League
(Zambia) Premier Soccer League
Premier Soccer League
(South Africa) Premier Soccer League
Premier Soccer League
(Zimbabwe) THB Champions League (Madagascar)

Asia (clubs)

West Asia

Saudi Professional League
Saudi Professional League
(Saudi Arabia) Kuwaiti Premier League (Kuwait) Qatar Stars League
Qatar Stars League
(Qatar) UAE Pro-League Iraqi Premier League
Iraqi Premier League
(Iraq) Oman Professional League
Oman Professional League
(Oman) Jordan Premier League
Jordan Premier League
(Jordan) Lebanese Premier League
Lebanese Premier League
(Lebanon) Bahraini Premier League (Bahrain) Yemeni League
Yemeni League
(Yemen)

Central Asia

Persian Gulf Pro League
Persian Gulf Pro League
(Iran) Uzbek League
Uzbek League
(Uzbekistan) Ýokary Liga
Ýokary Liga
(Turkmenistan)

South Asia

I-League/ Indian Super League
Indian Super League
(India) Bangladesh Super Soccer League
Bangladesh Super Soccer League
(Bangladesh)

East Asia

Chinese Super League
Chinese Super League
(China PR) J1 League
J1 League
(Japan) K League 1 (Korea Republic) DPR Korea League (Korea DPR) Hong Kong Premier League
Hong Kong Premier League
(Hong Kong) Taiwan Football Premier League
Taiwan Football Premier League
(Chinese Taipei)

Southeast Asia

Thai League 1
Thai League 1
(Thailand) Liga Super
Liga Super
(Malaysia) Singapore Premier League (Singapore) Liga 1 (Indonesia) A-League
A-League
(Australia/New Zealand) V.League 1
V.League 1
(Vietnam) Myanmar National League
Myanmar National League
(Myanmar) Philippines Football League
Philippines Football League
(Philippines) LFA Primeira Divisão (Timor Leste)

Europe (clubs)

Belgian First Division A
Belgian First Division A
(Belgium) Danish Superliga
Danish Superliga
(Denmark) Premier League
Premier League
(England) Ligue 1
Ligue 1
(France) Bundesliga
Bundesliga
(Germany) Superleague Greece
Superleague Greece
(Greece) Serie A
Serie A
(Italy) Eredivisie
Eredivisie
(Netherlands) Eliteserien (Norway) Primeira Liga
Primeira Liga
(Portugal) Russian Premier League
Russian Premier League
(Russia) La Liga
La Liga
(Spain) Swiss Super League
Swiss Super League
(Switzerland) Süper Lig
Süper Lig
(Turkey) Ukrainian Premier League
Ukrainian Premier League
(Ukraine) Czech First League
Czech First League
(Czech Republic) Liga I
Liga I
(Romania) Scottish Premiership
Scottish Premiership
(Scotland) Vatican City Championship (Vatican City)

North & Central America, and the Caribbean (clubs)

North America

Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
(USA/Canada) Liga MX
Liga MX
(Mexico)

Caribbean

Ligue Haïtienne
Ligue Haïtienne
(Haiti) Jamaican National Premier League TT Pro League
TT Pro League
(Trinidad and Tobago)

Oceania (clubs)

A-League
A-League
(Australia/New Zealand) New Zealand Football Championship Solomon Islands S-League
Solomon Islands S-League
(Solomon Islands)

South America (clubs)

Primera División (Argentina) Liga de Fútbol Profesional Boliviano
Liga de Fútbol Profesional Boliviano
(Bolivia) Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
(Brazil) Chilean Primera División
Chilean Primera División
(Chile) Categoría Primera A
Categoría Primera A
(Colombia) Ecuadorian Serie A
Serie A
(Ecuador) Paraguayan Primera División
Paraguayan Primera División
(Paraguay) Peruvian Primera División
Peruvian Primera División
(Peru) Uruguayan Primera División
Uruguayan Primera División
(Uruguay) Venezuelan Primera División
Venezuelan Primera División
(Venezuela)

Domestic association football season Geography of as

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