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Potenza
Potenza
(Italian: [poˈtɛntsa] ( listen), Neapolitan: Putènza, Potentino dialect: Putenz) is a city and comune in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata
Basilicata
(former Lucania). Capital of the Province of Potenza
Province of Potenza
and the Basilicata
Basilicata
region, the city is the highest regional capital and one of the highest provincial capitals in Italy, overlooking the valley of the Basento
Basento
river in the Apennine Mountains
Apennine Mountains
of Lucania, east of Salerno. Its territory is bounded by the comuni of Anzi, Avigliano, Brindisi Montagna, Picerno, Pietragalla, Pignola, Ruoti, Tito and Vaglio Basilicata.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Ancient times 1.2 Middle Ages 1.3 Modern age

2 Main sights 3 Geography

3.1 Climate 3.2 Population

4 Transportation 5 People 6 International relations 7 References 8 External links

History[edit] Ancient times[edit] The first settlement of Potentia (Potenza's original Latin name) was probably located at a lower elevation than at present, some 10 kilometres (6 miles) south of today's Potenza. The Lucani of Potentia sided against Rome's enemies during the latter's wars against the Samnites
Samnites
and the Bruttii. Subjugated during the 4th century BC (later gaining the status of municipium), the Potentini rebelled after the Roman defeat at Cannae in 216 BC. However, the Battle of the Metaurus marked the end of any Carthaginian
Carthaginian
aspirations in Italy
Italy
and Potentia was reconquered by the Romans and reduced to the status of military colony. Middle Ages[edit] In the 6th century, the city passed to the Lombard Duchy of Benevento. Incursions by Saracens
Saracens
raiders menaced the city until the Norman conquest of southern Italy
Italy
secured the area. In the 12th century, Potenza
Potenza
became an episcopal see. In 1137, the city hosted Pope Innocent II and Emperor Lothair II during their failed attempt to conquer the Norman kingdom. In 1148 or 1149 in Potenza, Roger II of Sicily
Sicily
hosted king Louis VII of France, whom the Norman fleet had freed from the Saracens. After pillaging by Emperor Frederick II, the city remained loyal to the Hohenstaufen: as a result, it was almost totally destroyed by Charles I when the Angevin lord conquered the Kingdom of Sicily. On December 18, 1273, an earthquake further devastated the city.

Cathedral Square

Modern age[edit] In the following years of Late Middle Ages, the city was owned by various feudal families before the Spanish domination, during which Potenza
Potenza
was the site of riots against the Spaniards. In 1694, it was almost completely destroyed by another earthquake. With the declaration of the Neapolitan Republic in 1799, Potenza
Potenza
was one of the first cities to rebel against the king. After temporary Bourbon repression, the city was conquered by the French army in 1806 and declared the capital of Basilicata. King Joachim Murat
Joachim Murat
improved the city's living conditions and administration, while some urban improvements were also introduced for the visit of Ferdinand II in 1846. A revolt broke out in 1848 and was again put down by Bourbon forces, until a third devastating earthquake followed in 1857. Potenza rebelled for the last time in 1860, before Garibaldi's revolutionary army brought about the unification of Italy. In September 1943, the city suffered heavy Allied bombing. In 1980, another strong earthquake struck Potenza. Main sights[edit]

Potenza
Potenza
Cathedral: The Duomo di San Gerardo, renovated in the 18th century. The cathedral still houses the rose window and the apse from the original 12th-century structure. San Francesco: church founded in 1274. The portal and the bell tower date from the 15th century. The church houses the De Grasis sepulchre and a Madonna in Byzantine style (13th century). The Torre Guevara, the last remnant of the old castle. It is now used to stage art exhibitions. The Palazzo Loffredo, a 17th-century noble residence. It is now the seat of the "Dinu Adameșteanu" National Archaeological Museum. Three gates of the old city walls, now demolished. The gates are the Porta San Giovanni, the Porta San Luca and the Porta San Gerardo. San Michele: 11th-12th century Romanesque-style church. Santa Maria del Sepolcro: church. The ruins of a Roman villa in the Poggio Tre Galli quarter. Musmeci Bridge, a unique construction, monument of modern civil engineering.

Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Potenza
Potenza
experiences a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb/Cfb in the Köppen climate classification).

Climate data for Potenza

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 20.0 (68) 21.8 (71.2) 23.6 (74.5) 25.6 (78.1) 29.8 (85.6) 33.0 (91.4) 36.8 (98.2) 36.8 (98.2) 33.2 (91.8) 30.0 (86) 21.8 (71.2) 20.0 (68) 36.8 (98.2)

Average high °C (°F) 6.9 (44.4) 7.2 (45) 9.7 (49.5) 12.8 (55) 18.1 (64.6) 22.3 (72.1) 25.7 (78.3) 25.8 (78.4) 21.7 (71.1) 16.5 (61.7) 11.0 (51.8) 7.9 (46.2) 15.47 (59.84)

Daily mean °C (°F) 4.0 (39.2) 4.1 (39.4) 6.1 (43) 8.8 (47.8) 13.7 (56.7) 17.5 (63.5) 20.6 (69.1) 20.7 (69.3) 17.2 (63) 12.7 (54.9) 7.9 (46.2) 5.1 (41.2) 11.53 (52.78)

Average low °C (°F) 1.2 (34.2) 1.1 (34) 2.5 (36.5) 4.8 (40.6) 9.2 (48.6) 12.7 (54.9) 15.4 (59.7) 15.7 (60.3) 12.7 (54.9) 8.9 (48) 4.7 (40.5) 2.3 (36.1) 7.6 (45.69)

Record low °C (°F) −9.6 (14.7) −10 (14) −7.8 (18) −3.6 (25.5) 0.5 (32.9) 4.0 (39.2) 8.0 (46.4) 6.8 (44.2) 1.2 (34.2) −1.2 (29.8) −7 (19) −8 (18) −10 (14)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 55.7 (2.193) 63.0 (2.48) 48.6 (1.913) 66.8 (2.63) 42.8 (1.685) 30.4 (1.197) 26.1 (1.028) 32.6 (1.283) 46.2 (1.819) 61.6 (2.425) 73.3 (2.886) 66.0 (2.598) 613.1 (24.137)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 8.3 8.7 8.8 9.4 6.2 4.2 3.3 4.3 5.3 7.5 8.7 8.1 82.8

Average relative humidity (%) 77 75 72 69 69 67 62 64 66 72 76 78 70.6

Source #1: Servizio Meteorologico (1971–2000 data)[1]

Source #2: Servizio Meteorologico (1961–1990 data on humidity)[2]

Aerial view of the Duomo and Palazzo Loffredo

Population[edit] Potenza
Potenza
(pōtānˈtsä) [key], city (1990 population of 65,714), capital of Basilicata
Basilicata
and of Potenza
Potenza
province, South Italy, in the Apennines. It is an agricultural, commercial and light industrial center. Founded in the 2nd century BC by the Romans, Potenza
Potenza
was later incorporated (847) into the Principality of Salerno. Of note in the city is the Church of San Francesco (begun 1274).

Potenza
Potenza
population

Date Census data

1991 65,714

2001 69,060

2011 66,777

2015 67,122

Source: [3]

View of Potenza

Transportation[edit] Potenza
Potenza
is a rail junction on the main line from Salerno
Salerno
to Taranto, managed by FS Trenitalia. It has also a connection to Altamura
Altamura
and its own small metropolitan railway service, served by the Ferrovie Appulo Lucane regional company. The city's main station, which was originally named Potenza
Potenza
Inferiore, is now known as Potenza
Potenza
Centrale. The nearest airports are:

Salerno-Pontecagnano QSR 85 km (53 mi) Foggia-Gino Lisa FOG 101 km (63 mi) Bari-Palese BRI 130 km (81 mi)

People[edit]

Saint Gerard of Potenza (died 1118) – bishop Carlo Curti
Carlo Curti
(1859–1926) – orchestra conductor, musician, composer Lucia Lauria Vigna
Lucia Lauria Vigna
(1896–2009) – supercentenarian Tanio Boccia (1912–1982) – film director Emilio Colombo
Emilio Colombo
(11 April 1920 – 24 June 2013) – politician Ruggero Deodato
Ruggero Deodato
(1939) – film director Wally Buono
Wally Buono
(1950) – BC Lions
BC Lions
football club head coach (CFL) Biagio Propato (1952) – poet Donato Sabia (1963) – former middle distance runner Francesco Colonnese (1971) – former football player Giovanni Frezza (1972) – film actor Vito Postiglione (1977) – racing driver Rocco Sabato (1982) – football player Antonio Giosa (1983) – football player

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy Potenza
Potenza
is twinned with:

Denver, Colorado, United States Focșani, Romania Osuna, Seville, Andalusia, Spain Amatrice, Rieti, Lazio, Italy

References[edit]

^ " Potenza
Potenza
(PZ) 845 m. s.l.m. (a.s.l.)" (PDF). Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 10 September 2013.  ^ "Stazione 300 Potenza, medie mensili periodo 61 - 90". Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 10 September 2013.  ^ " Potenza
Potenza
(Potenza, Basilicata, Italy)". City Population. Retrieved 31 March 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Potenza.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Potenza

Official website Page at Comuni Italiani Battle of Potenza
Potenza
at canadiansoldiers.com Music State Conservatory "Carlo Gesualdo da Venosa"

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Basilicata
Basilicata
· Comuni of the Province of Potenza

Abriola Acerenza Albano di Lucania Anzi Armento Atella Avigliano Balvano Banzi Baragiano Barile Bella Brienza Brindisi Montagna Calvello Calvera Campomaggiore Cancellara Carbone Castelgrande Castelluccio Inferiore Castelluccio Superiore Castelmezzano Castelsaraceno Castronuovo di Sant'Andrea Cersosimo Chiaromonte Corleto Perticara Episcopia Fardella Filiano Forenza Francavilla in Sinni Gallicchio Genzano di Lucania Ginestra Grumento Nova Guardia Perticara Lagonegro Latronico Laurenzana Lauria Lavello Maratea Marsico Nuovo Marsicovetere Maschito Melfi Missanello Moliterno Montemilone Montemurro Muro Lucano Nemoli Noepoli Oppido Lucano Palazzo San Gervasio Paterno Pescopagano Picerno Pietragalla Pietrapertosa Pignola Potenza Rapolla Rapone Rionero in Vulture Ripacandida Rivello Roccanova Rotonda Ruoti Ruvo del Monte San Chirico Nuovo San Chirico Raparo San Costantino Albanese San Fele San Martino d'Agri San Paolo Albanese San Severino Lucano Sant'Angelo Le Fratte Sant'Arcangelo Sarconi Sasso di Castalda Satriano di Lucania Savoia di Lucania Senise Spinoso Teana Terranova di Pollino Tito Tolve Tramutola Trecchina Trivigno Vaglio Basilicata Venosa Vietri di Potenza Viggianello Viggiano

v t e

Regional capitals of Italy

   

L'Aquila, Abruzzo Aosta, Aosta
Aosta
Valley Bari, Apulia Potenza, Basilicata

Catanzaro, Calabria Naples, Campania Bologna, Emilia-Romagna Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Rome, Lazio Genoa, Liguria Milan, Lombardy Ancona, Marche

Campobasso, Molise Turin, Piedmont Cagliari, Sardinia Palermo, Sicily

Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol Florence, Tuscany Perugia, Umbria Venice, Veneto

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 234777458 GND: 4243969-3 BNF:

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