Potenza (Italian: [poˈtɛntsa] ( listen), Neapolitan:
Putènza, Potentino dialect: Putenz) is a city and comune in the
Southern Italian region of
Basilicata (former Lucania).
Capital of the
Province of Potenza
Province of Potenza and the
Basilicata region, the city
is the highest regional capital and one of the highest provincial
capitals in Italy, overlooking the valley of the
Basento river in the
Apennine Mountains of Lucania, east of Salerno. Its territory is
bounded by the comuni of Anzi, Avigliano, Brindisi Montagna, Picerno,
Pietragalla, Pignola, Ruoti, Tito and Vaglio Basilicata.
1.1 Ancient times
1.2 Middle Ages
1.3 Modern age
2 Main sights
6 International relations
8 External links
The first settlement of Potentia (Potenza's original Latin name) was
probably located at a lower elevation than at present, some 10
kilometres (6 miles) south of today's Potenza. The Lucani of Potentia
sided against Rome's enemies during the latter's wars against the
Samnites and the Bruttii. Subjugated during the 4th century BC (later
gaining the status of municipium), the Potentini rebelled after the
Roman defeat at Cannae in 216 BC. However, the Battle of the Metaurus
marked the end of any
Carthaginian aspirations in
Italy and Potentia
was reconquered by the Romans and reduced to the status of military
In the 6th century, the city passed to the Lombard Duchy of Benevento.
Saracens raiders menaced the city until the Norman
conquest of southern
Italy secured the area. In the 12th century,
Potenza became an episcopal see. In 1137, the city hosted Pope
Innocent II and Emperor Lothair II during their failed attempt to
conquer the Norman kingdom. In 1148 or 1149 in Potenza, Roger II of
Sicily hosted king Louis VII of France, whom the Norman fleet had
freed from the Saracens. After pillaging by Emperor Frederick II, the
city remained loyal to the Hohenstaufen: as a result, it was almost
totally destroyed by Charles I when the Angevin lord conquered the
Kingdom of Sicily. On December 18, 1273, an earthquake further
devastated the city.
In the following years of Late Middle Ages, the city was owned by
various feudal families before the Spanish domination, during which
Potenza was the site of riots against the Spaniards. In 1694, it was
almost completely destroyed by another earthquake.
With the declaration of the Neapolitan Republic in 1799,
one of the first cities to rebel against the king. After temporary
Bourbon repression, the city was conquered by the French army in 1806
and declared the capital of Basilicata. King
Joachim Murat improved
the city's living conditions and administration, while some urban
improvements were also introduced for the visit of Ferdinand II in
1846. A revolt broke out in 1848 and was again put down by Bourbon
forces, until a third devastating earthquake followed in 1857. Potenza
rebelled for the last time in 1860, before Garibaldi's revolutionary
army brought about the unification of Italy.
In September 1943, the city suffered heavy Allied bombing. In 1980,
another strong earthquake struck Potenza.
Potenza Cathedral: The Duomo di San Gerardo, renovated in the 18th
century. The cathedral still houses the rose window and the apse from
the original 12th-century structure.
San Francesco: church founded in 1274. The portal and the bell tower
date from the 15th century. The church houses the De Grasis sepulchre
and a Madonna in Byzantine style (13th century).
The Torre Guevara, the last remnant of the old castle. It is now used
to stage art exhibitions.
The Palazzo Loffredo, a 17th-century noble residence. It is now the
seat of the "Dinu Adameșteanu" National Archaeological Museum.
Three gates of the old city walls, now demolished. The gates are the
Porta San Giovanni, the Porta San Luca and the Porta San Gerardo.
San Michele: 11th-12th century Romanesque-style church.
Santa Maria del Sepolcro: church.
The ruins of a Roman villa in the Poggio Tre Galli quarter.
Musmeci Bridge, a unique construction, monument of modern civil
Potenza experiences a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Csb/Cfb in
the Köppen climate classification).
Climate data for Potenza
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Servizio Meteorologico (1971–2000 data)
Servizio Meteorologico (1961–1990 data on humidity)
Aerial view of the Duomo and Palazzo Loffredo
Potenza (pōtānˈtsä) [key], city (1990 population of 65,714),
Basilicata and of
Potenza province, South Italy, in the
Apennines. It is an agricultural, commercial and light industrial
center. Founded in the 2nd century BC by the Romans,
Potenza was later
incorporated (847) into the Principality of Salerno. Of note in the
city is the Church of San Francesco (begun 1274).
View of Potenza
Potenza is a rail junction on the main line from
Salerno to Taranto,
managed by FS Trenitalia. It has also a connection to
Altamura and its
own small metropolitan railway service, served by the Ferrovie Appulo
Lucane regional company. The city's main station, which was originally
Potenza Inferiore, is now known as
Potenza Centrale. The nearest
Salerno-Pontecagnano QSR 85 km (53 mi)
Foggia-Gino Lisa FOG 101 km (63 mi)
Bari-Palese BRI 130 km (81 mi)
Gerard of Potenza (died 1118) – bishop
Carlo Curti (1859–1926) – orchestra conductor, musician, composer
Lucia Lauria Vigna
Lucia Lauria Vigna (1896–2009) – supercentenarian
Tanio Boccia (1912–1982) – film director
Emilio Colombo (11 April 1920 – 24 June 2013) – politician
Ruggero Deodato (1939) – film director
Wally Buono (1950) –
BC Lions football club head coach (CFL)
Biagio Propato (1952) – poet
Donato Sabia (1963) – former middle distance runner
Francesco Colonnese (1971) – former football player
Giovanni Frezza (1972) – film actor
Vito Postiglione (1977) – racing driver
Rocco Sabato (1982) – football player
Antonio Giosa (1983) – football player
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy
Potenza is twinned with:
Denver, Colorado, United States
Osuna, Seville, Andalusia, Spain
Amatrice, Rieti, Lazio, Italy
Potenza (PZ) 845 m. s.l.m. (a.s.l.)" (PDF). Servizio Meteorologico.
Retrieved 10 September 2013.
^ "Stazione 300 Potenza, medie mensili periodo 61 - 90". Servizio
Meteorologico. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
Potenza (Potenza, Basilicata, Italy)". City Population. Retrieved
31 March 2017.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Potenza.
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Page at Comuni Italiani
Potenza at canadiansoldiers.com
Music State Conservatory "Carlo Gesualdo da Venosa"
Basilicata · Comuni of the Province of Potenza
Albano di Lucania
Castronuovo di Sant'Andrea
Francavilla in Sinni
Genzano di Lucania
Palazzo San Gervasio
Rionero in Vulture
Ruvo del Monte
San Chirico Nuovo
San Chirico Raparo
San Costantino Albanese
San Martino d'Agri
San Paolo Albanese
San Severino Lucano
Sant'Angelo Le Fratte
Sasso di Castalda
Satriano di Lucania
Savoia di Lucania
Terranova di Pollino
Vietri di Potenza
Regional capitals of Italy
Trieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol