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POTENZA (Italian: (_ listen ), Neapolitan : Putènza_, Potentino dialect: _Putenz_) is a city and _comune _ in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata (former Lucania).

Capital of the Province of Potenza and the Basilicata region, the city is the highest regional capital and one of the highest provincial capitals in Italy, overlooking the valley of the Basento river in the Apennine Mountains of Lucania, east of Salerno
Salerno
. Its territory is bounded by the comuni of Anzi , Avigliano , Brindisi Montagna , Picerno , Pietragalla , Pignola , Ruoti , Tito and Vaglio Basilicata .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Ancient times * 1.2 Middle Ages * 1.3 Modern age

* 2 Main sights

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Climate * 3.2 Population

* 4 Transportation * 5 People * 6 International relations * 7 References * 8 External links

HISTORY

ANCIENT TIMES

The first settlement of Potentia (Potenza's original Latin name) was probably located at a lower elevation than at present, some 10 kilometres (6 miles) south of today's Potenza. The Lucani of Potentia sided against Rome
Rome
's enemies during the latter's wars against the Samnites and the Bruttii . Subjugated during the 4th century BC (later gaining the status of _municipium_), the Potentini rebelled after the Roman defeat at Cannae in 216 BC. However, the Battle of the Metaurus marked the end of any Carthaginian aspirations in Italy
Italy
and Potentia was reconquered by the Romans and reduced to the status of military colony.

MIDDLE AGES

In the 6th century, the city passed to the Lombard Duchy of Benevento . Incursions by Saracens raiders menaced the city until the Norman conquest of southern Italy
Italy
secured the area. In the 12th century, Potenza
Potenza
became an episcopal see . In 1137, the city hosted Pope Innocent II and Emperor Lothair II during their failed attempt to conquer the Norman kingdom. In 1148 or 1149 in Potenza, Roger II of Sicily
Sicily
hosted king Louis VII of France , whom the Norman fleet had freed from the Saracens. After pillaging by Emperor Frederick II , the city remained loyal to the Hohenstaufen : as a result, it was almost totally destroyed by Charles I when the Angevin lord conquered the Kingdom of Sicily . On December 18, 1273, an earthquake further devastated the city. Cathedral Square

MODERN AGE

In the following years of Late Middle Ages, the city was owned by various feudal families before the Spanish domination, during which Potenza
Potenza
was the site of riots against the Spaniards. In 1694, it was almost completely destroyed by another earthquake .

With the declaration of the Neapolitan Republic in 1799, Potenza
Potenza
was one of the first cities to rebel against the king. After temporary Bourbon repression, the city was conquered by the French army in 1806 and declared the capital of Basilicata. King Joachim Murat
Joachim Murat
improved the city's living conditions and administration, while some urban improvements were also introduced for the visit of Ferdinand II in 1846. A revolt broke out in 1848 and was again put down by Bourbon forces, until a third devastating earthquake followed in 1857. Potenza rebelled for the last time in 1860, before Garibaldi 's revolutionary army brought about the unification of Italy
Italy
.

In September 1943, the city suffered heavy Allied bombing. In 1980, another strong earthquake struck Potenza.

MAIN SIGHTS

* Potenza Cathedral : The _Duomo di San Gerardo_, renovated in the 18th century. The cathedral still houses the rose window and the apse from the original 12th-century structure. * San Francesco : church founded in 1274. The portal and the bell tower date from the 15th century. The church houses the De Grasis sepulchre and a _Madonna_ in Byzantine style (13th century). * The _Torre Guevara_, the last remnant of the old castle. It is now used to stage art exhibitions. * The _Palazzo Loffredo_, a 17th-century noble residence. it is now the seat of the " Dinu Adameșteanu " National Archaeological Museum. * Three gates of the old city walls, now demolished. The gates are the _Porta San Giovanni_, the _Porta San Luca_ and the _Porta San Gerardo_. * San Michele : 11th-12th century Romanesque -style church . * Santa Maria del Sepolcro : church. * The ruins of a Roman villa in the Poggio Tre Galli quarter. * Musmeci Bridge , a unique construction, monument of modern civil engineering.

GEOGRAPHY

CLIMATE

Potenza
Potenza
experiences a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification , CSB).

CLIMATE DATA FOR POTENZA

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 20.0 (68) 21.8 (71.2) 23.6 (74.5) 25.6 (78.1) 29.8 (85.6) 33.0 (91.4) 36.8 (98.2) 36.8 (98.2) 33.2 (91.8) 30.0 (86) 21.8 (71.2) 20.0 (68) 36.8 (98.2)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 6.9 (44.4) 7.2 (45) 9.7 (49.5) 12.8 (55) 18.1 (64.6) 22.3 (72.1) 25.7 (78.3) 25.8 (78.4) 21.7 (71.1) 16.5 (61.7) 11.0 (51.8) 7.9 (46.2) 15.47 (59.84)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 4.0 (39.2) 4.1 (39.4) 6.1 (43) 8.8 (47.8) 13.7 (56.7) 17.5 (63.5) 20.6 (69.1) 20.7 (69.3) 17.2 (63) 12.7 (54.9) 7.9 (46.2) 5.1 (41.2) 11.53 (52.78)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 1.2 (34.2) 1.1 (34) 2.5 (36.5) 4.8 (40.6) 9.2 (48.6) 12.7 (54.9) 15.4 (59.7) 15.7 (60.3) 12.7 (54.9) 8.9 (48) 4.7 (40.5) 2.3 (36.1) 7.6 (45.69)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −9.6 (14.7) −10 (14) −7.8 (18) −3.6 (25.5) 0.5 (32.9) 4.0 (39.2) 8.0 (46.4) 6.8 (44.2) 1.2 (34.2) −1.2 (29.8) −7 (19) −8 (18) −10 (14)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 55.7 (2.193) 63.0 (2.48) 48.6 (1.913) 66.8 (2.63) 42.8 (1.685) 30.4 (1.197) 26.1 (1.028) 32.6 (1.283) 46.2 (1.819) 61.6 (2.425) 73.3 (2.886) 66.0 (2.598) 613.1 (24.137)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 1 MM) 8.3 8.7 8.8 9.4 6.2 4.2 3.3 4.3 5.3 7.5 8.7 8.1 82.8

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 77 75 72 69 69 67 62 64 66 72 76 78 70.6

Source #1: Servizio Meteorologico (1971–2000 data)

Source #2: Servizio Meteorologico (1961–1990 data on humidity)

Aerial view of the Duomo and Palazzo Loffredo

POPULATION

Potenza
Potenza
(pōtānˈtsä) , city (1990 population of 65,714), capital of Basilicata and of Potenza
Potenza
province, South Italy, in the Apennines. It is an agricultural, commercial and light industrial center. Founded in the 2nd century BC by the Romans, Potenza
Potenza
was later incorporated (847) into the Principality of Salerno
Salerno
. Of note in the city is the Church of San Francesco (begun 1274).

Potenza
Potenza
population DATE CENSUS DATA

1991 65,714

2001 69,060

2011 66,777

2015 67,122

Source: View of Potenza
Potenza

TRANSPORTATION

Potenza
Potenza
is a rail junction on the main line from Salerno
Salerno
to Taranto
Taranto
, managed by FS Trenitalia . It has also a connection to Altamura , served by the Ferrovie Appulo Lucane regional company. The city's main station , which was originally named Potenza
Potenza
Inferiore, is now known as Potenza
Potenza
Centrale . The nearest airports are:

* Salerno-Pontecagnano QSR 85 km (53 mi) * Foggia-Gino Lisa FOG 101 km (63 mi) * Bari-Palese BRI 130 km (81 mi)

PEOPLE

* Saint Gerard of Potenza (died 1118) – bishop * Carlo Curti (1859–1926) – orchestra conductor, musician, composer * Lucia Lauria Vigna (1896–2009) – supercentenarian * Tanio Boccia (1912–1982) – film director * Emilio Colombo (11 April 1920 – 24 June 2013) – politician * Ruggero Deodato (1939) – film director * Wally Buono (1950) – BC Lions football club head coach (CFL ) * Biagio Propato (1952) – poet * Donato Sabia (1963) – former middle distance runner * Francesco Colonnese (1971) – former football player * Giovanni Frezza (1972) – film actor * Vito Postiglione (1977) – racing driver * Rocco Sabato (1982) – football player * Antonio Giosa (1983) – football player

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy
Italy

Potenza
Potenza
is twinned with:

* Denver , Colorado
Colorado
, United States * Focșani , Romania * Osuna
Osuna
, Seville , Andalusia
Andalusia
, Spain * Amatrice , Rieti , Lazio, Italy

REFERENCES

* ^ " Potenza
Potenza
(PZ) 845 m. s.l.m. (a.s.l.)" (PDF). Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 10 September 2013. * ^ "Stazione 300 Potenza, medie mensili periodo 61 - 90". Servizio Meteorologico. Retrieved 10 September 2013. * ^ " Potenza
Potenza
(Potenza, Basilicata, Italy)". City Population. Retrieved 31 March 2017.

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to POTENZA _.

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