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Poseidon
Poseidon
(/pəˈsaɪdən, pɒ-, poʊ-/;[1] Greek: Ποσειδῶν, pronounced [pose͜edɔ́͜ɔn]) was one of the Twelve Olympians in ancient Greek religion and myth. He was god of the Sea and other waters; of earthquakes; and of horses.[2] In pre-Olympian Bronze Age Greece, he was venerated as a chief deity at Pylos
Pylos
and Thebes.[2] Poseidon
Poseidon
was protector of seafarers, and of many Hellenic cities and colonies. In Homer's Iliad, Poseidon
Poseidon
supports the Greeks against the Trojans during the Trojan War. In the Odyssey, during the sea-voyage from Troy back home to Ithaca, the Greek hero Odysseus
Odysseus
provokes Poseidon's fury by blinding his son the Cyclops
Cyclops
Polyphemus, resulting in Poseidon
Poseidon
punishing him with storms, the complete loss of his ship and companions, and a ten-year delay. Poseidon
Poseidon
is also the subject of a Homeric hymn. In Plato's Timaeus and Critias, the island of Atlantis was Poseidon's domain.[3][4][5] His Roman equivalent is Neptune.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Bronze Age Greece

2.1 Linear B
Linear B
(Mycenean Greek) inscriptions 2.2 Arcadian myths

3 Origins 4 Worship of Poseidon

4.1 Epithets

5 Mythology

5.1 Birth 5.2 Foundation of Athens 5.3 Walls of Troy 5.4 Consorts and children 5.5 List of Poseidon's consorts and children

5.5.1 Female lovers and offspring 5.5.2 Male lovers

6 Genealogy 7 In literature and art

7.1 Narrations 7.2 Gallery

8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

Etymology The earliest attested occurrence of the name, written in Linear B, is 𐀡𐀮𐀆𐀃 Po-se-da-o or 𐀡𐀮𐀆𐀺𐀚 Po-se-da-wo-ne, which correspond to Ποσειδάων (Poseidaōn) and Ποσειδάϝονος (Poseidawonos) in Mycenean Greek; in Homeric Greek it appears as Ποσειδάων (Poseidaōn); in Aeolic as Ποτειδάων (Poteidaōn); and in Doric as Ποτειδάν (Poteidan), Ποτειδάων (Poteidaōn), and Ποτειδᾶς (Poteidas).[6] The form Ποτειδάϝων (Poteidawon) appears in Corinth.[7] A common epithet of Poseidon
Poseidon
is Ἐνοσίχθων Enosichthon, "Earth-shaker", an epithet which is also identified in Linear B, as 𐀁𐀚𐀯𐀅𐀃𐀚, E-ne-si-da-o-ne,[8] This recalls his later epithets Ennosidas and Ennosigaios indicating the chthonic nature of Poseidon.[9] The origins of the name "Poseidon" are unclear. One theory breaks it down into an element meaning "husband" or "lord" (Greek πόσις (posis), from PIE
PIE
*pótis) and another element meaning "earth" (δᾶ (da), Doric for γῆ (gē)), producing something like lord or spouse of Da, i.e. of the earth; this would link him with Demeter, "Earth-mother".[10] Walter Burkert finds that "the second element da- remains hopelessly ambiguous" and finds a "husband of Earth" reading "quite impossible to prove."[2] Another theory interprets the second element as related to the word *δᾶϝον dâwon, "water"; this would make *Posei-dawōn into the master of waters.[11] There is also the possibility that the word has Pre-Greek origin.[12] Plato
Plato
in his dialogue Cratylus gives two alternative etymologies: either the sea restrained Poseidon
Poseidon
when walking as a "foot-bond" (ποσίδεσμον), or he "knew many things" (πολλά εἰδότος or πολλά εἰδῶν).[13] Bronze Age Greece

Poseidon, Paella Museum

Poseidon
Poseidon
in Kadriorg Palace, Tallinn

Linear B
Linear B
(Mycenean Greek) inscriptions If surviving Linear B
Linear B
clay tablets can be trusted, the name po-se-da-wo-ne ("Poseidon") occurs with greater frequency than does di-u-ja ("Zeus"). A feminine variant, po-se-de-ia, is also found, indicating a lost consort goddess, in effect the precursor of Amphitrite. Poseidon
Poseidon
carries frequently the title wa-na-ka (wanax) in Linear B
Linear B
inscriptions, as king of the underworld. The chthonic nature of Poseidon-Wanax is also indicated by his title E-ne-si-da-o-ne in Mycenean Knossos
Knossos
and Pylos,[8] a powerful attribute (earthquakes had accompanied the collapse of the Minoan palace-culture). In the cave of Amnisos
Amnisos
(Crete) Enesidaon is related with the cult of Eileithyia, the goddess of childbirth.[14] She was related with the annual birth of the divine child.[15] During the Bronze Age, a goddess of nature, dominated both in Minoan and Mycenean cult, and Wanax (wa-na-ka) was her male companion (paredros) in Mycenean cult.[16] It is possible that Demeter
Demeter
appears as Da-ma-te in a Linear B
Linear B
inscription (PN EN 609), however the interpretetion is still under dispute.[17] In Linear B
Linear B
inscriptions found at Pylos, E-ne-si-da-o-ne is related with Poseidon, and Si-to Po-tini-ja is probably related with Demeter.[18] Tablets from Pylos
Pylos
record sacrificial goods destined for "the Two Queens and Poseidon" ("to the Two Queens and the King": wa-na-soi, wa-na-ka-te). The "Two Queens" may be related with Demeter and Persephone, or their precursors, goddesses who were not associated with Poseidon
Poseidon
in later periods.[19] Arcadian myths The illuminating exception is the archaic and localised myth of the stallion Poseidon
Poseidon
and mare Demeter
Demeter
at Phigalia in isolated and conservative Arcadia, noted by Pausanias (2nd century AD) as having fallen into desuetude; The stallion Poseidon
Poseidon
pursues the mare-Demeter, and from the union she bears the horse Arion, and a daughter (Despoina), who obviously had the shape of a mare too. The violated Demeter
Demeter
was Demeter
Demeter
Erinys (furious) .[20] In Arcadia, Demeter's mare-form was worshiped into historical times. Her xoanon of Phigaleia shows how the local cult interpreted her, as goddess of nature. A Medusa
Medusa
type with a horse's head with snaky hair, holding a dove and a dolphin, probably representing her power over air and water.[21] Origins

Poseidon
Poseidon
and Athena
Athena
battle for control of Athens
Athens
by Benvenuto Tisi (1512)

It seems that the Arcadian myth is related with the first Greek speaking people who entered the region during the Bronze Age. (Linear B represents an archaic Greek dialect). Their religious beliefs were mixed with the beliefs of the indigenous population. It is possible that the Greeks did not bring with them other gods except Zeus, Eos, and the Dioskouroi. The horse (numina) was related with the liquid element, and with the underworld. Poseidon
Poseidon
appears as a beast (horse), which is the river spirit of the underworld, as it usually happens in northern-European folklore, and not unusually in Greece.[22][23] Poseidon
Poseidon
“Wanax”, is the male companion (paredros) of the goddess of nature. In the relative Minoan myth, Pasiphaë
Pasiphaë
is mating with the white bull, and she bears the hybrid creature Minotaur.[24] The Bull was the old pre-Olympian Poseidon.[25] The goddess of nature and her paredros survived in the Eleusinian cult, where the following words were uttered : " Mighty Potnia
Potnia
bore a strong son"[26] In the heavily sea-dependent Mycenaean culture, there is not sufficient evidence that Poseidon
Poseidon
was connected with the sea. We do not know if "Posedeia" was a sea-goddess. Homer
Homer
and Hesiod
Hesiod
suggest that Poseidon
Poseidon
became lord of the sea following the defeat of his father Kronos, when the world was divided by lot among his three sons; Zeus
Zeus
was given the sky, Hades
Hades
the underworld, and Poseidon
Poseidon
the sea, with the Earth and Mount Olympus
Mount Olympus
belonging to all three.[2][27] Given Poseidon's connection with horses as well as the sea, and the landlocked situation of the likely Indo-European homeland, Nobuo Komita has proposed that Poseidon
Poseidon
was originally an aristocratic Indo-European horse-god who was then assimilated to Near Eastern aquatic deities when the basis of the Greek livelihood shifted from the land to the sea, or a god of fresh waters who was assigned a secondary role as god of the sea, where he overwhelmed the original Aegean sea deities such as Proteus
Proteus
and Nereus.[28] Conversely, Walter Burkert suggests that the Hellene cult worship of Poseidon
Poseidon
as a horse god may be connected to the introduction of the horse and war-chariot from Anatolia to Greece around 1600 BC.[2] It is almost sure that once Poseidon
Poseidon
was worshiped as a horse, and this is evident by his cult in Peloponnesos. However he was originally a god of the waters, and therefore he became the "earth-shaker", because the Greeks believed that the cause of the earthquakes was the erosion of the rocks by the waters, by the rivers who they saw to disappear into the earth and then to burst out again. This is what the natural philosophers Thales, Anaximenes and Aristotle
Aristotle
believed, which could not be different from the folklore belief.[29] Later, when the Myceneans travelled along the sea, he was assigned a role as god of the sea. In any case, the early importance of Poseidon
Poseidon
can still be glimpsed in Homer's Odyssey, where Poseidon
Poseidon
rather than Zeus
Zeus
is the major mover of events. In Homer, Poseidon
Poseidon
is the master of the sea.[30] Worship of Poseidon

Poseidon
Poseidon
holding a trident. Corinthian plaque, 550-525 BC. From Penteskouphia.

Poseidon
Poseidon
was a major civic god of several cities: in Athens, he was second only to Athena
Athena
in importance, while in Corinth and many cities of Magna Graecia
Magna Graecia
he was the chief god of the polis.[2] In his benign aspect, Poseidon
Poseidon
was seen as creating new islands and offering calm seas. When offended or ignored, he supposedly struck the ground with his trident and caused chaotic springs, earthquakes, drownings and shipwrecks. Sailors prayed to Poseidon
Poseidon
for a safe voyage, sometimes drowning horses as a sacrifice;[citation needed] in this way, according to a fragmentary papyrus, Alexander the Great paused at the Syrian seashore before the climactic battle of Issus, and resorted to prayers, "invoking Poseidon
Poseidon
the sea-god, for whom he ordered a four-horse chariot to be cast into the waves."[31] According to Pausanias, Poseidon
Poseidon
was one of the caretakers of the oracle at Delphi
Delphi
before Olympian Apollo
Apollo
took it over. Apollo
Apollo
and Poseidon
Poseidon
worked closely in many realms: in colonization, for example, Delphic Apollo
Apollo
provided the authorization to go out and settle, while Poseidon
Poseidon
watched over the colonists on their way, and provided the lustral water for the foundation-sacrifice. Xenophon's Anabasis describes a group of Spartan soldiers in 400–399 BC singing to Poseidon
Poseidon
a paean—a kind of hymn normally sung for Apollo. Like Dionysus, who inflamed the maenads, Poseidon
Poseidon
also caused certain forms of mental disturbance. A Hippocratic text of ca 400 BC, On the Sacred Disease[32] says that he was blamed for certain types of epilepsy. Epithets

Dionysus, Plato, or Poseidon
Poseidon
sculpture excavated at the Villa of the Papyri.

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (November 2014)

Poseidon
Poseidon
was known in various guises, denoted by epithets. In the town of Aegae in Euboea, he was known as Poseidon
Poseidon
Aegaeus and had a magnificent temple upon a hill.[33][34][35] Poseidon
Poseidon
also had a close association with horses, known under the epithet Poseidon
Poseidon
Hippios, usually in Arcadia. He is more often regarded as the tamer of horses, but in some myths he is their father, either by spilling his seed upon a rock or by mating with a creature who then gave birth to the first horse.[2] He was closely related with the springs, and with the strike of his trident, he created springs. Many springs like Hippocrene
Hippocrene
and Aganippe in Helikon are related with the word horse (hippos). (also Glukippe, Hyperippe).[36] In the historical period, Poseidon
Poseidon
was often referred to by the epithets Enosichthon, Seisichthon and Ennosigaios, and Γαιήοχος Gaiēochos all meaning "earth-shaker" and referring to his role in causing earthquakes. Some other epithets of Poseidon
Poseidon
are:[37]

"Asphaleios", (ασφάλεια:safety), as protector from the earthquakes. "Helikonios", (Ελικώνιος) related with the mountain Helikon. "Tavreios", (Ταύρειος: related with the bull). There was a fest "Tavreia" in Ephesos. "Petraios" (Πετραίος: related with rocks) in Thessaly. He hit a rock, and the horse "Skyphios" appeared. "Epoptis"(επόπτης: supervisor) in Megalopolis "Pelagios" in Ionia. Phykios" ( Φύκιος: related with seaweeds) in Mykonos. "Phytalmios" ( Φυτάλμιος) related with the vegetation in Troizen, Megara, Rhodes. Epithets related with the genealogy trees: "Patrigenios", "Genethlios", "Genesios", "Pater", "Phratrios".

Mythology

Andrea Doria as Neptune, by Angelo Bronzino.

Birth Poseidon
Poseidon
was the second son of titans Cronus
Cronus
and Rhea. In most accounts he is swallowed by Cronus
Cronus
at birth but later saved, with his other brothers and sisters, by Zeus. However, in some versions of the story, he, like his brother Zeus, did not share the fate of his other brother and sisters who were eaten by Cronus. He was saved by his mother Rhea, who concealed him among a flock of lambs and pretended to have given birth to a colt, which she gave to Cronus
Cronus
to devour.[38] According to John Tzetzes[39] the kourotrophos, or nurse of Poseidon was Arne, who denied knowing where he was, when Cronus
Cronus
came searching; according to Diodorus Siculus[40] Poseidon
Poseidon
was raised by the Telchines on Rhodes, just as Zeus
Zeus
was raised by the Korybantes
Korybantes
on Crete. According to a single reference in the Iliad, when the world was divided by lot in three, Zeus
Zeus
received the sky, Hades
Hades
the underworld and Poseidon
Poseidon
the sea. In the Odyssey
Odyssey
(v.398), Poseidon
Poseidon
has a home in Aegae. Foundation of Athens

The Dispute of Minerva
Minerva
and Neptune by René-Antoine Houasse
René-Antoine Houasse
(circa 1689 or 1706)

Athena
Athena
became the patron goddess of the city of Athens
Athens
after a competition with Poseidon. Yet Poseidon
Poseidon
remained a numinous presence on the Acropolis
Acropolis
in the form of his surrogate, Erechtheus.[2] At the dissolution festival at the end of the year in the Athenian calendar, the Skira, the priests of Athena
Athena
and the priest of Poseidon
Poseidon
would process under canopies to Eleusis.[41] They agreed that each would give the Athenians one gift and the Athenians would choose whichever gift they preferred. Poseidon
Poseidon
struck the ground with his trident and a spring sprang up; the water was salty and not very useful,[42] whereas Athena
Athena
offered them an olive tree. The Athenians or their king, Cecrops, accepted the olive tree and along with it Athena
Athena
as their patron, for the olive tree brought wood, oil and food. After the fight, infuriated at his loss, Poseidon
Poseidon
sent a monstrous flood to the Attic Plain, to punish the Athenians for not choosing him. The depression made by Poseidon's trident and filled with salt water was surrounded by the northern hall of the Erechtheum, remaining open to the air. "In cult, Poseidon
Poseidon
was identified with Erechtheus," Walter Burkert noted; "the myth turns this into a temporal-causal sequence: in his anger at losing, Poseidon
Poseidon
led his son Eumolpus against Athens
Athens
and killed Erectheus."[43]

Temple of Poseidon
Poseidon
at Cape Sounion, ca 440 BC

The contest of Athena
Athena
and Poseidon
Poseidon
was the subject of the reliefs on the western pediment of the Parthenon, the first sight that greeted the arriving visitor. This myth is construed by Robert Graves
Robert Graves
and others as reflecting a clash between the inhabitants during Mycenaean times and newer immigrants. Athens
Athens
at its height was a significant sea power, at one point defeating the Persian fleet at Salamis Island
Island
in a sea battle. Walls of Troy Poseidon
Poseidon
and Apollo, having offended Zeus
Zeus
by their rebellion in Hera's scheme, were temporarily stripped of their divine authority and sent to serve King Laomedon
Laomedon
of Troy. He had them build huge walls around the city and promised to reward them well, a promise he then refused to fulfill. In vengeance, before the Trojan War, Poseidon
Poseidon
sent a sea monster to attack Troy. The monster was later killed by Heracles. Consorts and children

Poseidon
Poseidon
on an Attic kalyx krater (detail), first half of the 5th century BC.

Poseidon
Poseidon
was said to have had many lovers of both sexes (see expandable list below). His consort was Amphitrite, a nymph and ancient sea-goddess, daughter of Nereus
Nereus
and Doris. Together they had a son named Triton, a merman. Poseidon
Poseidon
was the father of many heroes. He is thought to have fathered the famed Theseus. A mortal woman named Tyro was married to Cretheus (with whom she had one son, Aeson), but loved Enipeus, a river god. She pursued Enipeus, who refused her advances. One day, Poseidon, filled with lust for Tyro, disguised himself as Enipeus, and from their union were born the heroes Pelias
Pelias
and Neleus, twin boys. Poseidon
Poseidon
also had an affair with Alope, his granddaughter through Cercyon, his son and King of Eleusis, begetting the Attic hero Hippothoon. Cercyon had his daughter buried alive but Poseidon
Poseidon
turned her into the spring, Alope, near Eleusis. Poseidon
Poseidon
rescued Amymone
Amymone
from a lecherous satyr and then fathered a child, Nauplius, by her. After having raped Caeneus, Poseidon
Poseidon
fulfilled her request and changed her into a male warrior. A mortal woman named Cleito
Cleito
once lived on an isolated island; Poseidon fell in love with the human mortal and created a dwelling sanctuary at the top of a hill near the middle of the island and surrounded the dwelling with rings of water and land to protect her. She gave birth to five sets of twin boys; the firstborn, Atlas, became the first ruler of Atlantis.[3][4][5] Not all of Poseidon's children were human. In an archaic myth, Poseidon
Poseidon
once pursued Demeter. She spurned his advances, turning herself into a mare so that she could hide in a herd of horses; he saw through the deception and became a stallion and captured her. Their child was a horse, Arion, which was capable of human speech. Poseidon also had sexual intercourse with Medusa
Medusa
on the floor of a temple to Athena.[44][45] Medusa
Medusa
was then changed into a monster by Athena.[46][45] When she was later beheaded by the hero Perseus, Chrysaor
Chrysaor
and Pegasus
Pegasus
emerged from her neck. His other children include Polyphemus
Polyphemus
(the cyclops) and, finally, Alebion and Bergion and Otos and Ephialtae (the giants).[44] List of Poseidon's consorts and children

Sea thiasos depicting the wedding of Poseidon
Poseidon
and Amphitrite, from the Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus
Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus
in the Field of Mars, bas-relief, Roman Republic, 2nd century BC

Triumph of Poseidon
Poseidon
and Amphitrite
Amphitrite
showing the couple in procession, detail of a vast mosaic from Cirta, Roman Africa (ca. 315–325 AD, now at the Louvre)

Female lovers and offspring

Amphitrite

Triton Benthesikyme Rhodos (according to Apollodorus, but see below)

Aphrodite

Rhodos (according to Herodorus of Heraclea, but see above) Herophile the Sibyl
Sibyl
(possibly)

Demeter

Despoina Areion, the talking horse

Gaea

Antaeus Charybdis

Aba, nymph

Ergiscus[47]

Agamede

Dictys

Aethra

Theseus

Alistra[48]

Ogygus

Alcyone

Aethusa Hyrieus Hyperenor Hyperes Anthas

Alope

Hippothoon

Amphimedusa, Danaid

Erythras

Amymone

Nauplius

Arene

Idas
Idas
(possibly)

Arne / Melanippe

Aeolus Boeotus

Arethusa

Abas

Ascre

Oeoclus[49]

Astypalaea

Ancaeus Eurypylus of Kos

Beroe (daughter of Aphrodite) Boudeia / Bouzyge

Erginus

Caenis Calchinia

Peratus

Canace

Hopleus Nireus Aloeus Epopeus Triopas

Celaeno (Pleiad or daughter of Ergeus)

Lycus Nycteus Eurypylus (Eurytus) of Cyrene Lycaon

Celaeno, Danaid

Celaenus

Cerebia[50]

Dictys Polydectes

Ceroessa

Byzas

Cleodora

Parnassus

Chione

Eumolpus

Chrysogeneia

Chryses, father of Minyas

Corcyra, nymph

Phaeax

Coronis Diopatra, nymph of Mount Othrys Euryale, daughter of Minos

Orion (possibly)

Eurycyda

Eleius

Eurynome (Eurymede), daughter of Nisos

Bellerophon

Euryte / Bathycleia

Halirrhothius

Halia

Rhode (possibly) six sons

Harpale / Scamandrodice / Calyce

Cycnus

Helle

Almops Edonus Paion

Hermippe

Minyas (possibly)

Hippothoe

Taphius

Iphimedeia

The Aloadae

Laodice[51] Larissa

Achaeus Pelasgus Pythius

Leis, daughter of Orus

Altephus[52]

Libya

Agenor Belus Lelex

Lysianassa / Anippe

Busiris

Mecionice / Europa, daughter of Tityos

Euphemus, Argonaut

Medusa

Pegasus Chrysaor

Melantheia, daughter of Alpheus

Eirene

Melantho (daughter of Deucalion)

Delphus

Melia

Amycus Mygdon

Melissa, daughter of Epidamnus

Dyrrhachius[53]

Mestra Mideia

Aspledon

Molione

The Molionides

Mytilene

Myton[54]

Oenope

Megareus of Onchestus (possibly)

Olbia, nymph

Astacus[55]

Ossa

Sithon (possibly)

Peirene

Cenchrias Leches

Periboea

Nausithous

Pero, nymph / Kelousa, nymph

Asopus (possibly)

Pitane, nymph / Lena

Euadne

Phoenice

Torone[56]

Pronoe, daughter of Asopus

Phocus

Rhode[57]

Ialysus Cameirus Lindus

Rhodope, daughter of Strymon

Athos[58]

Salamis, daughter of Asopus

Cychreus

Satyria, nymph of Taras

Taras (eponym of the location)[59]

Syme

Chthonius

Themisto

Leucon (possibly)

Theophane

The Ram of the Golden Fleece

Thyia Tyro

Pelias Neleus

Thoosa

Polyphemus

Daughter of Amphictyon, unnamed

Cercyon

Nymph
Nymph
of Chios, unnamed

Chios

Nymph
Nymph
of Chios, unnamed (another one)

Melas Agelus Malina

Unknown consorts

Amphimarus[60] Amyrus, eponym of a river in Thessaly[61] Aon, eponym of Aonia[62] Astraeus and Alcippe of Mysia[63] Calaurus[64] Caucon or Glaucon[65] Corynetes (possibly) Cymopoleia Cromus (eponym of Crommyon)[66] Geren, eponym of a town or village Geren on Lesbos[67] Dicaeus, eponym of Dicaea, a city in Thrace[68] Euseirus (father of Cerambus) Ialebion (Alebion) and Dercynus (Bergion) of Liguria[69] Laestrygon, eponym of the Laestrygonians Lamus, king of the Laestrygonians Lotis (possibly) Messapus Onchestus[70] Ourea[71] Palaestinus[72] Phineus[73] Phorbas
Phorbas
of Acarnania Poltys Procrustes Proteus Sarpedon
Sarpedon
of Ainos Sciron Syleus Taenarus (possibly)

In Plato's myth of Atlantis, Poseidon
Poseidon
consorted with Cleito, daughter of the autochthons Evenor and Leucippe, and had by her ten sons: Ampheres, Atlas, Autochthon, Azaes, Diaprepes, Elasippus, Euaemon, Eumelus (Gadeirus), Mestor, Mneseus.[74] Male lovers

Nerites Pelops Patroclus[75]

Genealogy

Poseidon's family tree [76]

Uranus

Gaia

Uranus' genitals

Cronus

Rhea

Zeus

Hera

POSEIDON

Hades

Demeter

Hestia

    a [77]

     b [78]

Ares

Hephaestus

Metis

Athena
Athena
[79]

Leto

Apollo

Artemis

Maia

Hermes

Semele

Dionysus

Dione

    a [80]

     b [81]

Aphrodite

In literature and art

Neptune and Amphitrite
Amphitrite
by Jacob de Gheyn II
Jacob de Gheyn II
(late 1500s)

In Greek art, Poseidon
Poseidon
rides a chariot that was pulled by a hippocampus or by horses that could ride on the sea. He was associated with dolphins and three-pronged fish spears (tridents). He lived in a palace on the ocean floor, made of coral and gems. In the Iliad
Iliad
Poseidon
Poseidon
favors the Greeks, and on several occasion takes an active part in the battle against the Trojan forces. However, in Book XX he rescues Aeneas
Aeneas
after the Trojan prince is laid low by Achilles. In the Odyssey, Poseidon
Poseidon
is notable for his hatred of Odysseus
Odysseus
who blinded the god's son, the cyclops Polyphemus. The enmity of Poseidon prevents Odysseus's return home to Ithaca
Ithaca
for many years. Odysseus
Odysseus
is even told, notwithstanding his ultimate safe return, that to placate the wrath of Poseidon
Poseidon
will require one more voyage on his part. In the Aeneid, Neptune is still resentful of the wandering Trojans, but is not as vindictive as Juno, and in Book I he rescues the Trojan fleet from the goddess's attempts to wreck it, although his primary motivation for doing this is his annoyance at Juno's having intruded into his domain. A hymn to Poseidon
Poseidon
included among the Homeric Hymns is a brief invocation, a seven-line introduction that addresses the god as both "mover of the earth and barren sea, god of the deep who is also lord of Helicon and wide Aegae,[82] and specifies his twofold nature as an Olympian: "a tamer of horses and a saviour of ships." Poseidon
Poseidon
appears in Percy Jackson and the Olympians
Percy Jackson and the Olympians
as the father of Percy Jackson and Tyson the Cyclops. He also appears in the ABC television series Once Upon a Time as the guest star of the second half of season four played by Ernie Hudson.[83] In this version, Poseidon
Poseidon
is portrayed as the father of the Sea Witch Ursula. Narrations

Neptune's fountain in Prešov, Slovakia.

Poseidon
Poseidon
myths as told by story tellers

Bibliography of reconstruction:

Homer, Odyssey, 11.567 (7th century BC) Pindar, Olympian Odes, 1 (476 BC) Euripides, Orestes, 12–16 (408 BC) Bibliotheca Epitome 2: 1–9 (140 BC) Ovid, Metamorphoses, VI: 213, 458 (AD 8); Hyginus, Fables, 82: Tantalus; 83: Pelops
Pelops
(1st century AD) Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2.22.3 (AD 160 – 176)

Bibliography of reconstruction:

Pindar, Olympian Ode, I (476 BC) Sophocles, (1) Electra, 504 (430 – 415 BC) & (2) Oenomaus, Fr. 433 (408 BC) Euripides, Orestes, 1024–1062 (408 BC) Bibliotheca Epitome 2, 1–9 (140 BC) Diodorus Siculus, Histories, 4.73 (1st century BC) Hyginus, Fables, 84: Oinomaus; Poetic Astronomy, ii (1st century AD) Pausanias, Description of Greece, 5.1.3 – 7; 5.13.1; 6.21.9; 8.14.10 – 11 (c. AD 160 – 176) Philostratus the Elder Imagines, I.30: Pelops
Pelops
(AD 170 – 245) Philostratus the Younger, Imagines, 9: Pelops
Pelops
(c. 200 – 245) First Vatican Mythographer, 22: Myrtilus; Atreus et Thyestes Second Vatican Mythographer, 146: Oenomaus

Gallery

Poseidon
Poseidon
statue in Gothenburg, Sweden.

Poseidon
Poseidon
statue in Prešov, Slovakia

Poseidon
Poseidon
statue in Bristol, England.

The Neptunbrunnen
Neptunbrunnen
fountain in Berlin

Poseidon
Poseidon
sculpture in Copenhagen, Denmark

See also

Greek mythology
Greek mythology
portal Hellenismos portal

Atlantis Ionian League Panionium
Panionium
- Ionian festival to Poseidon Odyssey Trident
Trident
of Poseidon

Notes

^ Jones, Daniel (2003) [1917], Peter Roach, James Hartmann and Jane Setter, eds., English Pronouncing Dictionary, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 3-12-539683-2 CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) ^ a b c d e f g h Burkert 1985, pp. 136–139. ^ a b Plato
Plato
(1971). Timaeus and Critias. London, England: Penguin Books Ltd. p. 167. ISBN 9780140442618.  ^ a b Timaeus 24e–25a, R. G. Bury translation (Loeb Classical Library). ^ a b Also it has been interpreted that Plato
Plato
or someone before him in the chain of the oral or written tradition of the report accidentally changed the very similar Greek words for "bigger than" ("meson") and "between" ("mezon") – Luce, J.V. (1969). The End of Atlantis
Atlantis
– New Light on an Old Legend. London: Thames and Hudson. p. 224.  ^ Martin Nilsson (1967). Die Geschichte der Griechische Religion. Erster Band. Verlag C. H. Beck. p. 444. ^ Liddell & Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, Ποσειδῶν. ^ a b Adams, Professor John Paul. "Mycenaean Divinities". List of Handouts for Classics 315. Retrieved 2 September 2006.  ^ Ennosidas (Pindar), Ennosigaios (Homer): Dietrich, p. 185 n. 305. ^ Pierre Chantraine Dictionnaire etymologique de la langue grecque Paris 1974-1980 4th s.v.; Lorenzo Rocci Vocabolario Greco-Italiano Milano, Roma, Napoli 1943 (1970) s.v. ^ Martin Nilsson, p. 417, p. 445 ^ R. S. P. Beekes. Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, p. 324 (s.v. "Δημήτηρ"). ^ Plato, Cratylus, 402d–402e ^ Dietrich, pp. 220–221. ^ Dietrich, p. 109. ^ Dietrich, p. 181. ^ Ventris/Chadwick,Documents in Mycenean Greek
Mycenean Greek
p. 242; Dietrich, p. 172, n. 218. ^ George Mylonas (1966), Mycenae and the Mycenean world. p.159. Princeton University Press ^ "Wa-na-ssoi, wa-na-ka-te, (to the two queens and the king). Wanax (Greek : Αναξ) is best suited to Poseidon, the special divinity of Pylos. The identity of the two divinities addressed as wanassoi, is uncertain ": George Mylonas (1966) Mycenae and the Mycenean age p. 159 .Princeton University Press ^ Pausanias VIII 23. 5; Raymond Bloch "Quelques remarques sur Poseidon, Neptunus et Nethuns" in Comptes-rendus des séances de l' Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Letres 2 1981 p. 345. ^ L. H. Jeffery (1976). Archaic Greece: The Greek city states c.800-500 B.C (Ernest Benn Limited) p 23 ISBN 0-510-03271-0 ^ F.Schachermeyer: Poseidon
Poseidon
und die Entstehung des Griechischen Gotter glaubens :Nilsson p 444 ^ The river god Acheloos is represented as a bull ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheke 3.1.4 ^ Ruck and Staples 1994:213. ^ Dietrich, p. 167. ^ Hesiod, Theogony
Theogony
456. ^ Komita, " Poseidon
Poseidon
the horse-god and the early Indo-Europeans", Research Reports of Ikutoku Tech. University, 1985[permanent dead link]; Komita, "The Indo-European attribute of Poseidon
Poseidon
was a water-god", Research Reports of the Kanagawa Institute of Technology, 1990.[permanent dead link] ^ Seneca quaest. Nat. VI 6 :Nilsson Vol I p.450 ^ " Poseidon
Poseidon
- God of the Sea - Crystalinks". www.crystalinks.com. Retrieved 2017-11-06.  ^ Papyrus
Papyrus
Oxyrrhincus FGH 148, 44, col. 2; quoted by Robin Lane Fox, Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
(1973) 1986:168 and note. Alexander also invoked other sea deities: Thetis, mother of his hero Achilles, Nereus
Nereus
and the Nereids ^ (Hippocrates), On the Sacred Disease, Francis Adams, tr. ^ Strabo, ix. p. 405 ^ Virgil, Aeneid
Aeneid
iii. 74, where Servius
Servius
erroneously derives the name from the Aegean Sea ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867). "Aegaeus". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston. p. 24.  ^ Nildsson Vol I p.450 ^ Nilsson, Vol I pp. 446-450 ^ In the 2nd century AD, a well with the name of Arne, the "lamb's well", in the neighbourhood of Mantineia
Mantineia
in Arcadia, where old traditions lingered, was shown to Pausanias. (Pausanias viii.8.2.) ^ Tzetzes, ad Lycophron 644. ^ Diodorus, v. 55. ^ Burkert 1983, pp. 143–149. ^ Another version of the myth says that Poseidon
Poseidon
gave horses to Athens.[citation needed] ^ Burkert 1983, pp. 149, 157. ^ a b Gill, N.S. (2007). "Mates and Children of Poseidon". Retrieved 5 February 2007.  ^ a b Seelig 2002, p. 895-911. ^ Philip Freeman (2013). Oh My Gods: A Modern Retelling of Greek and Roman Myths. p. 30. ISBN 9781451609981.  ^ Suda
Suda
s. v. Ergiske ^ Tzetzes
Tzetzes
on Lycophron, 1206 ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 29. 1 ^ Tzetzes
Tzetzes
on Lycophron, 838 ^ Ovid, Heroides, 18 (19). 135 ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 30. 5 ^ Stephanus of Byzantium
Stephanus of Byzantium
s. v. Dyrrhakhion ^ Stephanus of Byzantium
Stephanus of Byzantium
s. v. Mytilene ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, s. v. Astakos, with a reference to Arrian ^ Stephanus of Byzantium
Stephanus of Byzantium
s. v. Torōnē ^ Tzetzes
Tzetzes
on Lycophron, 923 ^ Scholia on Theocritus, Idyll 7. 76 ^ Probus on Virgil's Georgics, 2. 197 ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 29. 5 ^ Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 596 ^ Scholia on Statius, Thebaid, 1. 34 ^ Pseudo-Plutarch, On Rivers, 21. 1 ^ Stephanus of Byzantium
Stephanus of Byzantium
s. v. Kalaureia ^ Aelian, Various Histories, 1. 24 ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 1. 3 ^ Stephanus of Byzantium
Stephanus of Byzantium
s. v. Gerēn ^ Stephanus of Byzantium
Stephanus of Byzantium
s. v. Dikaia ^ Bibliotheca 2. 5. 10 ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 26. 5 ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 161 ^ Pseudo-Plutarch, On Rivers, 11. 1 ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus. Bibliotheca, Book 1.9.21 ^ Plato, Critias, 114c ^ Ptolemy Hephaestion, New History, 1 in Photius, 190 ^ This chart is based upon Hesiod's Theogony, unless otherwise noted. ^ According to Homer, Iliad
Iliad
1.570–579, 14.338, Odyssey
Odyssey
8.312, Hephaestus
Hephaestus
was apparently the son of Hera
Hera
and Zeus, see Gantz, p. 74. ^ According to Hesiod, Theogony
Theogony
927–929, Hephaestus
Hephaestus
was produced by Hera
Hera
alone, with no father, see Gantz, p. 74. ^ According to Hesiod, Theogony
Theogony
886–890, of Zeus' children by his seven wives, Athena
Athena
was the first to be conceived, but the last to be born; Zeus
Zeus
impregnated Metis then swallowed her, later Zeus
Zeus
himself gave birth to Athena
Athena
"from his head", see Gantz, pp. 51–52, 83–84. ^ According to Hesiod, Theogony
Theogony
183–200, Aphrodite
Aphrodite
was born from Uranus' severed genitals, see Gantz, pp. 99–100. ^ According to Homer, Aphrodite
Aphrodite
was the daughter of Zeus
Zeus
( Iliad
Iliad
3.374, 20.105; Odyssey
Odyssey
8.308, 320) and Dione ( Iliad
Iliad
5.370–71), see Gantz, pp. 99–100. ^ The ancient palace-city that was replaced by Vergina ^ Andreeva, Nellie (December 19, 2014). " Ernie Hudson
Ernie Hudson
To Play Poseidon On 'Once Upon a Time'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 20, 2014. 

References

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Poseidon.

Burkert, Walter (1983), Homo Necans, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles. 1983. ISBN 978-0-520-05875-0. Burkert, Walter (1985), Greek Religion, Wiley-Blackwell 1985. ISBN 978-0-631-15624-6. Dietrich, B. C., The Origins of Greek Religion, Bristol
Bristol
Phoenix Press, 2004. ISBN 978-1-904675-31-0. Gantz, Timothy, Early Greek Myth: A Guide to Literary and Artistic Sources, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996, Two volumes: ISBN 978-0-8018-5360-9 (Vol. 1), ISBN 978-0-8018-5362-3 (Vol. 2). GML Poseidon Gods found in Mycenaean Greece; a table drawn up from Michael Ventris and John Chadwick, Documents in Mycenaean Greek second edition (Cambridge 1973) Hesiod, Theogony, in The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914. Online version at the Perseus
Perseus
Digital Library. Homer, The Iliad
Iliad
with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, Ph.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924. Online version at the Perseus
Perseus
Digital Library. Homer; The Odyssey
Odyssey
with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, PH.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1919. Online version at the Perseus
Perseus
Digital Library. Jenks, Kathleen (April 2003). "Mythic themes clustered around Poseidon/Neptune". Myth*ing links. Archived from the original on 27 September 2006. Retrieved 13 January 2007.  Seelig, Beth J. (August 2002), "The Rape
Rape
of Medusa
Medusa
in the Temple of Athena: Aspects of Triangulation in the Girl", The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 83 (4): 895–911, doi:10.1516/3NLL-UG13-TP2J-927M 

External links

Media related to Poseidon
Poseidon
at Wikimedia Commons Theoi.com: Poseidon

v t e

Ancient Greek religion
Ancient Greek religion
and mythology

Classical religious forms

Ancient Greek religion Gnosticism Paleo-Balkan mythology Proto-Indo-European religion Hellenistic religion Alchemy Orphism Pythagoreanism Mycenaean deities

Mystery religions and sacred mysteries

Dionysian Mysteries Eleusinian Mysteries Imbrian Mysteries Mithraism Samotracian Mysteries

Main beliefs

Apotheosis Euhemerism Greek Heroic Age Monism Mythology Nympholepsy Paganism Paradoxography Polytheism Theism

Texts/ Epic poems/ Ode

Aretalogy Argonautica Bibliotheca Cyranides Derveni papyrus Ehoiai Greek Magical Papyri Homeric Hymns Iliad Odyssey Papyrus
Papyrus
Graecus Holmiensis Telegony The golden verses of Pythagoras Theogony Works and Days Epic Cycle Theban Cycle

Rites and practices

Amphictyonic League Amphidromia Animal sacrifice Apotheosis Baptes Curse tablet Daduchos Delphinion Funeral and burial practices Hymns Hero cult Heroon Hierophany Hierophant Hierophylakes Hieros gamos Hypsistarians Iatromantis Interpretatio graeca Libations Mystagogue Nekyia Necromancy Necromanteion Nymphaeum Panegyris Pharmakos Prayers Orgia Sacrifices Temenos Temples Votive offerings

Sacred places

Athenian sacred ships Cave of Zeus Cretea Delphi Delos Dodona Eleusis Hiera Orgas Olympia Olympus Psychro Cave Sacred Way

Mythical beings

Dragons in Greek mythology Greek mythological creatures Greek mythological figures List of minor Greek mythological figures

Deities

Primordial deities

Aether Aion Ananke Chaos Chronos Erebus Eros Gaia Hemera Nyx Phanes Pontus Thalassa Tartarus Uranus

Titans

First generation

Coeus Crius Cronus Hyperion Iapetus Mnemosyne Oceanus Phoebe Rhea Tethys Theia Themis

Second generation

Asteria Astraeus Atlas Eos Epimetheus Helios Leto Menoetius Metis Pallas Perses Prometheus Selene

Third generation

Hecate Hesperus Phosphorus

Twelve Olympians

Aphrodite Apollo Ares Artemis Athena Demeter Dionysus Hephaestus Hera Hermes Hestia Poseidon Zeus

Aquatic deities

Amphitrite Alpheus Ceto Glaucus The Naiads The Nereids Nereus The Oceanids Phorcys Poseidon The Potamoi Potamides Proteus Scamander Thaumas Thetis Triton

Love deities

Erotes

Anteros Eros Hedylogos Hermaphroditus Himeros Hymen/Hymenaeus Pothos

Aphrodite Aphroditus Philotes Peitho

War deities

Adrestia Alala Alke Amphillogiai Androktasiai Ares Athena Bia Deimos Enyalius Enyo Eris Gynaecothoenas Homados Hysminai Ioke Keres Kratos Kydoimos Ma Makhai Nike Palioxis Pallas Perses Phobos Phonoi Polemos Proioxis

Chthonic
Chthonic
deities

Psychopomps

Hermanubis Hermes Thanatos

Achlys Angelos Hades
Hades
/ Pluto Hecate Hypnos Keres Lampad Macaria Melinoe Persephone

Health deities

Aceso Aegle Artemis Apollo Asclepius Chiron Eileithyia Epione Hebe Hygieia Iaso Paean Panacea Telesphorus

Sleep deities

Empusa Epiales Hypnos Morpheus Pasithea Phantasos Phobetor Oneiroi

Messenger deities

Angelia Arke Hermes Iris

Trickster deities

Apate Dolos Hermes Momus

Magic deities

Circe Hecate Hermes
Hermes
Trismegistus Triple deity

Other major deities

Azone The Erinyes Harmonia The Muses Nemesis Pan Unknown God Zelus

Heroes/Heroines

Abderus Achilles Actaeon Aeneas Argonauts Ajax the Great Ajax the Lesser Akademos Amphiaraus Amphitryon Antilochus Atalanta Autolycus Bellerophon Bouzyges Cadmus Chrysippus Cyamites Daedalus Diomedes Dioscuri
Dioscuri
(Castor and Pollux) Echetlus Eleusis Erechtheus Eunostus Ganymede Hector Heracles Icarus Iolaus Jason Meleager Odysseus Oedipus Orpheus Pandion Peleus Pelops Penthesilea Perseus Theseus Triptolemus

Mythical tribes

Amazons Anthropophage Atlantians Bebryces Curetes Dactyls Gargareans Halizones Korybantes Lapiths Lotus-eaters Myrmidons Pygmies Telchines

Oracles/Seers

Aesacus Aleuas Amphiaraus Amphilochus Ampyx Anius Asbolus Bakis Branchus Calchas Carnus Carya Cassandra Delphic Sibyl Elatus Ennomus Halitherses Helenus Iamus Idmon Manto Melampus Mopsus Munichus Phineus Polyeidos Polypheides Pythia Sibyl Telemus Theiodamas Theoclymenus Tiresias

Magic

Apotropaic magic Greek Magical Papyri Philia

Mythical realms

Aethiopia Atlantis Hyperborea Libya Nysa Panchaia Scythia Themiscyra

Underworld

Entrances to the underworld

Rivers

Acheron Cocytus Eridanos Lethe Phlegethon Styx

Lakes/ Swamps

Acherusia Avernus Lake Lerna
Lerna
Lake

Caves

Cave at Cape Matapan Cave Charonium Cave at Lake Avernus Cave at Heraclea Pontica

Ploutonion

Pluto's Gate

Places

Elysium Erebus Fields of Asphodel Fields of Punishment Isles of the Blessed Tartarus

Judges of the underworld

Aeacus Minos Rhadamanthus

Guards

Cerberus

Ferryman

Charon Charon's obol

Symbols-Objects

Bident Cap of invisibility

Animals-Daemons/Spirits

Ascalaphus Ceuthonymus Eurynomos Hade's cattle

Mythological wars

Amazonomachy Attic War Centauromachy Gigantomachy Cranes-Pygmies war Theomachy Titanomachy Trojan War

Mythological and religious objects

Adamant Aegis Ambrosia Apple of Discord Ara Baetylus Caduceus Cornucopia Dragon's teeth Diipetes Galatea Golden apple Golden Fleece Gorgoneion Greek terracotta figurines Harpe Ichor Lotus tree Minoan sealstone Moly Necklace of Harmonia Omphalos Orichalcum Palladium Panacea Pandora's box Petasos
Petasos
(Winged helmet) Philosopher's stone Ring of Gyges Rod of Asclepius Sacrificial tripod Sceptre Shield of Achilles Shirt of Nessus Sword of Damocles Talaria Thunderbolt Thymiaterion Thyrsus Trident Trojan Horse Winnowing Oar Wheel of Fortune Wheel of fire Xoanon

Symbols

Arkalochori Axe Labrys Ouroboros Owl of Athena

Mythological powers

Anthropomorphism Divination Eternal youth Evocation Fortune-telling Immortality Language of the birds Nympholepsy Magic Ornithomancy Shamanism Shapeshifting Weather modification

Storage containers/ Cups

Amphora Calathus Chalice Ciborium Cotyla Hydria Hydriske Kalpis Kylix Kantharos Lebes Lekythos Loutrophoros Oenochoe Pelike Pithos Skyphos Stamnos

Musical Instruments

Aulos Barbiton Chelys Cithara Cochilia Crotalum
Crotalum
(Castanets) Epigonion Kollops Lyre Pan flute Pandura Phorminx Psaltery Salpinx Sistrum Tambourine Trigonon Tympanum Water organ

Games

Panhellenic Games

Olympic Games Pythian Games Nemean Games Isthmian Games

Agon Panathenaic Games Rhieia

Festivals/Feasts

Actia Adonia Agrionia Amphidromia Anthesteria Apellai Apaturia Aphrodisia Arrhephoria Ascolia Bendidia Boedromia Brauronia Buphonia Chalceia Diasia Delphinia Dionysia Ecdysia Elaphebolia Gamelia Haloa Heracleia Hermaea Hieromenia Iolaia Kronia Lenaia Lykaia Metageitnia Munichia Oschophoria Pamboeotia Pandia Plynteria Pyanopsia Skira Synoikia Soteria Tauropolia Thargelia Theseia Thesmophoria

Vessels

Argo Phaeacian ships

Modern offshoot religions

Discordianism Gaianism Hellenismos Decline of Greco-Roman polytheism

Modern popular culture

Greek mythology
Greek mythology
in popular culture

v t e

Ancient Greek deities by affiliation

Primordial deities

Achlys Aether Aion/Chronos Ananke Chaos Erebus Eros/Phanes Gaia Hemera Nyx The Ourea Pontus/Thalassa Tartarus Uranus Fates

Atropos Clotho Lachesis

Titan deities

Titanes (male)

Coeus Crius Cronus Hyperion Iapetus Oceanus Ophion

Titanides (female)

Dione Eurybia Mnemosyne Phoebe Rhea Tethys Theia Themis

Hyperionides

Eos Helios Selene

Koionides

Asteria Leto

Krionides

Astraeus Pallas Perses

Iapetionides

Atlas Epimetheus Menoetius Prometheus

Mousai (Muses)

Aoide Arche Melete Mneme

Olympian deities

Dodekatheon

Aphrodite Apollo Ares Artemis Athena Demeter Dionysus Hephaestus Hera Hermes Hestia Poseidon Zeus

Theoi Olympioi

Asclepius Deimos Ganymede Eileithyia Enyo Eris Iris Harmonia Hebe Heracles Paean Pan Phobos

Mousai (Muses)

Daughters of Zeus

Calliope Clio Euterpe Erato Melpomene Polyhymnia Terpsichore Thalia Urania

Daughters of Apollo

Apollonis Borysthenis Cephisso

Muses
Muses
of the Lyre

Hypate Mese Nete

Muses
Muses
at Sicyon

Polymatheia

Charites
Charites
(Graces)

Aglaea Antheia Euphrosyne Hegemone Pasithea Thalia

Horae
Horae
(Hours)

Dike Eirene Eunomia

Styktides

Bia Kratos Nike Zelos

Aquatic deities

Theoi Halioi

Amphitrite Benthesikyme Brizo Calypso Ceto Glaucus The Ichthyocentaurs Kymopoleia Leucothea Melicertes Nereus Nerites The Nesoi Oceanus Phorcys Pontus/Thalassa Poseidon Proteus Rhodos Tethys Thaumas Thetis Triton

Oceanids

Acaste Admete Adrasteia Amalthea Asia Callirrhoe Ceto Clytie Dione Dodone Doris Electra Eurynome Idyia Melia Metis Nemesis Perse Pleione Plouto Styx Telesto Zeuxo

Nereides

Amphitrite Arethusa Dynamene Galatea Galene Psamathe Thetis

Potamoi

Achelous Almo Alpheus Anapos Asopus Asterion Axius Caanthus Cebren Cephissus Clitumnus Enipeus Kladeos Meander Nilus Numicus Phyllis Peneus Rivers of the Underworld

Cocytus Eridanos Lethe Phlegethon Styx

Sangarius Scamander Simoeis Strymon

Naiads

Aegina Achiroe Aganippe The Anigrides Argyra Bistonis Bolbe Caliadne Cassotis Castalia Cleocharia Creusa Daphne Drosera Harpina The Ionides Ismenis Larunda Lilaea Liriope Melite Metope Minthe Moria Nana Nicaea Orseis Pallas Pirene Salmacis Stilbe The Thriae

Corycia Kleodora Melaina

Tiasa

Chthonic deities

Theoi Chthonioi

Angelos Demeter Gaia Hades Hecate The Lampads Macaria Melinoë Persephone Zagreus

Erinyes
Erinyes
(Furies)

Alecto Megaera Tisiphone

Earthborn

Cyclopes Gigantes Hecatonchires Kouretes Meliae Telchines Typhon

Apotheothenai

Trophonius Triptolemus Orpheus Aeacus Minos Rhadamanthus

Personifications

Children of Nyx

Achlys Apate Dolos Eleos Elpis Epiphron Eris Geras Hesperides Hybris Hypnos Ker The Keres The Moirai

Aisa Clotho Lachesis

Momus Moros Oizys The Oneiroi

Epiales Morpheus Phantasos Phobetor

Nemesis Philotes Sophrosyne Thanatos

Children of Eris

Algos Amphillogiai Ate The Androktasiai Dysnomia Horkos Hysminai Lethe Limos Machai Phonoi Ponos Neikea Pseudea Logoi

Children of other gods

Aergia Aidos Alala Aletheia Angelia Arete Bia Caerus The Younger Charites

Eucleia Eupheme Euthenia Philophrosyne

Corus Deimos The Erotes

Anteros Eros Hedylogos Hermaphroditus Hymen

Eupraxia Hedone Homonoia Iacchus Kratos The Litae Homonoia Nike Peitho Phobos Tyche Zelos

Others

Adephagia Alala Alke Amechania Anaideia Alastor Apheleia Aporia The Arae Dikaiosyne Dyssebeia Ekecheiria Eulabeia Eusebeia Gelos Heimarmene Homados Horme Ioke Kakia Kalokagathia Koalemos Kydoimos Lyssa The Maniae Methe Nomos Palioxis Peitharchia Penia Penthus Pepromene Pheme Philotes Phrike Phthonus Pistis Poine Polemos Poros Praxidike Proioxis Prophasis Roma Soter Soteria Techne Thrasos

Other deities

Sky deities

The Anemoi The Astra Planeti

Stilbon Eosphorus Hesperus Pyroeis Phaethon Phaenon

Aura Chione The Hesperides The Hyades Nephele The Pleiades

Alcyone Sterope Celaeno Electra Maia Merope Taygete

Agricultural deities

Aphaea Ariadne Carmanor Demeter Despoina Eunostus Philomelus Plutus

Health deities

Asclepius Aceso Epione Iaso Hygieia Panacea Telesphorus

Rustic deities

Aetna The Alseids The Auloniads Amphictyonis The Anthousai Aristaeus Attis Britomartis The Cabeiri Comus The Dryades

Erato Eurydice The Hamadryades

Chrysopeleia

The Epimeliades Hecaterus Leuce Ma The Maenades The Meliae The Napaeae The Nymphai Hyperboreioi The Oreads

Adrasteia Echo Helike Iynx Nomia Oenone Pitys

The Pegasides Priapus Rhapso Silenus Telete

Others

Acratopotes Adrasteia Agdistis Alexiares and Anicetus Aphroditus Astraea Circe Eiresione Enyalius Harpocrates Ichnaea Palaestra

v t e

Greek deities series

Primordial deities Titans Aquatic deities Chthonic
Chthonic
deities Mycenaean deities

Twelve Olympians

Zeus Hera Aphrodite Apollo Ares Artemis Athena Demeter Dionysus Hephaestus Hermes Hestia Poseidon

Aquatic deities

Poseidon Amphitrite Ceto Glaucus Nereus Oceanus Phorcys Pontus Proteus Tethys Thaumas Thetis Triton Oceanids Naiads Nereids

Chthonic
Chthonic
Deities (Deities of the Underworld)

Hades Persephone Angelos Erinyes Eurynomos Gaia Hecate Iacchus Melinoe Trophonius Triptolemus

Anemoi
Anemoi
(Deities of the Wind)

Aeolus Boreas Eurus Notus Zephyrus

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 18025486 LCCN: no2016012

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